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An Analysis Of Cases Demonstrating Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Matthew Conroy 2021 University of Mississippi

An Analysis Of Cases Demonstrating Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Matthew Conroy

Honors Theses

The purpose of this paper is to analyze key financial accounting fundamentals through the completion of case studies administered during the 2020-2021 academic school year. These case studies have included in-depth analysis designed to provide insight into accounting topics that transcends what was learned through prior academic instruction. Over the last year, these cases have provided more practical applications of topics including taxation, financial reporting, investment decisions, and thorough analysis of a company through a mock case study presented in front of industry professionals. Ultimately, these case studies have afforded me the opportunity to develop my knowledge of financial accounting …


2021 Business Tax Climate In The Mountain West, Katie M. Gilbertson, Peter Grema, Saha Salahi, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

2021 Business Tax Climate In The Mountain West, Katie M. Gilbertson, Peter Grema, Saha Salahi, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Economic Development & Workforce

This Fact Sheet summarizes a report by Jared Walczak and Janelle Cammenga of The Tax Foundation titled “2021 State Business Tax Climate Index.” The index compares how states structure tax systems to bolster state business activity and investments, and possible routes for future improvement. Scores and rankings are offered for the Mountain West states of Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah.


South Dakota V. Wayfair Inc. And Streamlined Sales And Use Tax Agreement: Effects On State Sales Tax Collections, S. Keith Lowe, Julie Staples, Cassandra L. Ward 2021 Jacksonville State University

South Dakota V. Wayfair Inc. And Streamlined Sales And Use Tax Agreement: Effects On State Sales Tax Collections, S. Keith Lowe, Julie Staples, Cassandra L. Ward

Research, Publications & Creative Work

In South Dakota v. Wayfair Inc., the U.S. Supreme Court reversed precedent cases addressing collection standards and regulations for sales taxes. These two precedent cases held that an out-of-state retailer's liability to collect and remit sales tax to the consumer's respective state was contingent on whether the seller had a physical nexus in that state. Additionally, a collaboration among states led to the creation of the Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement (SSUTA), which offered voluntary guidelines and policies to assist states in not only modernizing but maximizing sales tax collection amounts. This research paper utilizes quantitative analyses to examine …


Decentralization And Welfare: Theory And An Empirical Analysis Using Philippine Data, Tristan A. Canare 2021 Ateneo de Manila University

Decentralization And Welfare: Theory And An Empirical Analysis Using Philippine Data, Tristan A. Canare

Economics Department Faculty Publications

This study theoretically and empirically analyzes the relationship between decentralization and welfare. The model identifies conditions in which a decentralized government is utility-maximizing compared to a centralized one. The empirical analysis utilized data from Philippine provinces to study the relationship between several decentralization indicators and welfare, as measured by per capita income, human development index, and poverty. Results suggest that fiscal independence, or the ability of local governments to generate their own revenues to finance their own expenditures rather than relying on central government transfers, is positively associated with per capita income and HDI. Moreover, this relationship is stronger when …


Tax Advice Now At Your Finger Tips, American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) 2021 University of Mississippi

Tax Advice Now At Your Finger Tips, American Institute Of Certified Public Accountants (Aicpa)

Guides, Handbooks and Manuals

No abstract provided.


Financial Assistance To Doctoral Candidates In Accounting; Grants-In-Aid For Doctoral Dissertations In Accounting, American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. Relations with Educators Division 2021 University of Mississippi

Financial Assistance To Doctoral Candidates In Accounting; Grants-In-Aid For Doctoral Dissertations In Accounting, American Institute Of Certified Public Accountants. Relations With Educators Division

Guides, Handbooks and Manuals

No abstract provided.


Summaries From The 2020 36th Annual Tei-Sjsu High Tech Tax Institute, Charlene Kliatchko, Jane Lei CPA, Hanna Shatanionak CPA, Liubov (Luba) Shilkova, Xiaoyue Tan 2021 San Jose State University

Summaries From The 2020 36th Annual Tei-Sjsu High Tech Tax Institute, Charlene Kliatchko, Jane Lei Cpa, Hanna Shatanionak Cpa, Liubov (Luba) Shilkova, Xiaoyue Tan

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Do Equity And Accountability Get Lost In Losts? An Analysis Of Local Return Funding Provisions In California’S Local Option Sales Tax Measures For Transportation, Jaimee Lederman, Peter Haas, Stephanie Kellogg, Martin Wachs, Asha Weinstein Agrawal 2021 University of California, Los Angeles

Do Equity And Accountability Get Lost In Losts? An Analysis Of Local Return Funding Provisions In California’S Local Option Sales Tax Measures For Transportation, Jaimee Lederman, Peter Haas, Stephanie Kellogg, Martin Wachs, Asha Weinstein Agrawal

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

This study explores how local return provisions of local option sales taxes (LOSTs) for transportation are allocated and spent to meet local and regional transportation needs. Local return refers to the component of county LOST measures that provides funding directly to municipalities in the county to be used to meet local needs. Local return has become a fixture in LOSTs; 58 LOST measures placed on the ballot in California (as of 2019) that have included local return in their expenditure plan have an average of 35% of revenues dedicated to local return. Local return provisions in the ballot measures often …


Aicpa Local Firm Practice Management Consultation Program: Map, American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) 2021 University of Mississippi

Aicpa Local Firm Practice Management Consultation Program: Map, American Institute Of Certified Public Accountants (Aicpa)

Guides, Handbooks and Manuals

No abstract provided.


Impact Of The Tax Cut And Jobs Act Of 2017 On Six Key Industries, Ariana Bar 2021 Bryant University

Impact Of The Tax Cut And Jobs Act Of 2017 On Six Key Industries, Ariana Bar

Research and Innovation Village

The research showcases the impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 on six different industries: agriculture, construction, manufacturing, utilities, finance, and services. Data was obtained from Calcbench, and ratios of income tax to earnings before taxes, assets, and revenue were calculated along with percent changes from 2017 to 2018.It was hypothesized that the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 would have a positive impact on these industries and lead to a reduction in taxes. The research demonstrated that change in the corporate tax rate, bonus depreciation, and the NOL carryforward are common aspects of the tax …


Regulatory Competition And State Capacity, Martin W. Sybblis 2021 Emory University School of Law

Regulatory Competition And State Capacity, Martin W. Sybblis

Faculty Articles

This Article explores an underlying tension in the regulatory competition literature regarding why some jurisdictions are more attractive to firms than others. It pays special attention to offshore financial centers (OFCs). OFCs court the business of nonresidents, offer business friendly regulatory environments, and provide for minimal, if any, taxation on their customers. On the one extreme, OFCs are theorized as merely products of legislative capture— thereby lacking any meaningful agency of their own. On the other hand, OFCs are conceptualized as well-governed jurisdictions that attract investment because of the high quality of their laws and legal institutions—indicating some ability to …


Pandemics, Paid Sick Leaves, And Tax Institutions, Alex Zhang 2021 Emory University School of Law

Pandemics, Paid Sick Leaves, And Tax Institutions, Alex Zhang

Faculty Articles

The COVID-19 pandemic is currently ravaging the world, and the United States has been largely unsuccessful at containing the coronavirus. One long-standing policy failure stands out as having exacerbated the pandemic in our country: the lack of a national mandate of paid sick leaves, without which workers face financial and workplace-cultural pressures to attend work while sick, thus spreading the virus to their fellow employees and the public at large.

This Article provides the blueprint for a national, subsidized mandate of paid sick leaves and two additional insights about our tax institutions as mechanisms of effectuating broader societal goals. It …


Effects Of Advance Refunding Municipal Bonds After The U.S. Tax Cuts And Jobs Act, Sarah Curry 2021 Gardner-Webb University

Effects Of Advance Refunding Municipal Bonds After The U.S. Tax Cuts And Jobs Act, Sarah Curry

Doctor of Business Administration Dissertations

The process when U.S. municipalities retire callable bonds early and refinance them with bonds of a lower coupon rate is called advance refunding. The advance refunding of debt is a widespread practice in municipal finance; however, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 removed the option to keep this debt tax-exempt and now requires municipalities to convert from tax-exempt to taxable. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the impact eliminating advance refunding of municipal debt into tax-exempt status has on the municipality’s advance refunding decision making process, specifically at the state level. Municipal governments are still …


Essays On Evasion And Enforcement In Value Added Tax (Vat), Syed Jawad Ali Shah 2021 University of Kentucky

Essays On Evasion And Enforcement In Value Added Tax (Vat), Syed Jawad Ali Shah

Theses and Dissertations--Public Policy and Administration

Value added tax (VAT) based on credit invoice system is the most common consumption tax in the world. Despite its self-regulating nature, VAT faces challenges in developing countries who have limited state capacity to check evasion and enforce tax on informal sectors of the economy. The tax authorities introduce policy interventions that can target the evasive behavior of firms interacting with informal sectors. My dissertation seeks to provide insight into three such policy reforms in Pakistan’s VAT regime. Therefore, this dissertation is composed of three essays.

In first essay of my dissertation, titled “Using Computerization to enforce VAT: Evidence from …


Dark Money Darker? Irs Shutters Collection Of Donor Data, Philip Hackney 2021 University of Pittsburgh School of Law

Dark Money Darker? Irs Shutters Collection Of Donor Data, Philip Hackney

Articles

The IRS ended a long-time practice of requiring most nonprofits to disclose substantial donor names and addresses on the nonprofit annual tax return. It is largely seen as a battle over campaign finance rather than tax enforcement. Two of the nonprofits involved, social welfare organizations and business leagues, are referred to as “dark money” organizations because they allow individuals to influence elections while maintaining donor anonymity. Many in the campaign finance community are concerned that this change means wealthy donors can avoid campaign finance laws and have no reason to fear being discovered. In this Article, I focus on whether …


J Mich Dent Assoc January 2021, 2021 American Dental Association

J Mich Dent Assoc January 2021

The Journal of the Michigan Dental Association

Every month, The Journal of the Michigan Dental Association brings news, information, and features about Michigan dentistry to our state's oral health community and the MDA's 6,200+ members. No publication reaches more Michigan dentists!

In this issue, the reader will find the following original content:

  • A cover story on “The Dentist’s Role in Recognizing Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Children”.
  • A feature article, “Dental Sleep Medicine Education: Do You Want a Nap or a Full Night’s Sleep?”.
  • The feature article, “In-office Plans: Where Are We Now? What Have We Learned?”
  • News you need, Editorial and regular department articles on MDA Foundation activities, …


Certain Effects Of Random Taxes, James R. Hines Jr., Michael J. Keen 2021 University of Michigan Law School

Certain Effects Of Random Taxes, James R. Hines Jr., Michael J. Keen

Articles

This paper explores the implications of tax rate randomness, identifying circumstances in which revenue-neutral rate variability increases profitability, economic activity, and the efficiency of resource allocation. Furthermore, with heterogeneous taxpayers, tax rate variability is shown to perform an efficiency-enhancing screening function, imposing heavier expected tax burdens on less responsive taxpayers. And while efficient tax randomness enables governments to reduce average costs of taxation, it necessarily increases the marginal cost of taxation over some ranges of expected revenue, so may reduce efficient levels of government spending.


Homelessness In The West: Business Improvement Districts As The Strategic Weaponization Of Class Monopoly Rent, Zachary Roger Arms 2021 Eastern Washington University

Homelessness In The West: Business Improvement Districts As The Strategic Weaponization Of Class Monopoly Rent, Zachary Roger Arms

EWU Masters Thesis Collection

The objective of this study is to examine business improvement districts (BIDs) as a form of class monopoly rent (CMR) within the broader production and spatial management of the ongoing homeless crisis in Seattle Washington. The city of Seattle Washington is home to a plethora of successful and ever-expanding international corporations. Within and around the city the headquarters of tech giants Microsoft and Amazon can be found. The continued success of these companies has had a dramatic impact on the region, bringing in a multitude of high-wage jobs which in turn has created a volatile, cutthroat real estate market. The …


Project Task Force - Conceptual Framework, Independence Standards Board 2021 University of Mississippi

Project Task Force - Conceptual Framework, Independence Standards Board

Association Sections, Divisions, Boards, Teams

No abstract provided.


Modernizing U.S. Tax Code Section 280e: How An Outdated “War On Drugs” Tax Law Is Failing The United States Legal Cannabis Industry And What Congress Can Do To Fix It, David Butter 2021 FIU College of Law

Modernizing U.S. Tax Code Section 280e: How An Outdated “War On Drugs” Tax Law Is Failing The United States Legal Cannabis Industry And What Congress Can Do To Fix It, David Butter

FIU Law Review

No abstract provided.


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