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The Effect Of Ceo Characteristics On Pre-Earnings Management Profitability, Adhitya Agri Putra 2022 Universitas Riau

The Effect Of Ceo Characteristics On Pre-Earnings Management Profitability, Adhitya Agri Putra

Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan Indonesia

This research aims to examine the effect of CEO characteristics on pre-earnings manage­ment profitability. CEO characteristics include gender, tenure, age, education level, founding-family status, and nationality. Pre-earnings management profitability is measured by return on assets minus discretionary accruals. Data analysis uses firm and year fixed-effect regression analysis. The result shows that female CEO, longer tenure CEO, CEO with higher education levels, and foreign CEO increase firms' profitability without engaging in earnings management. On the other hand, there is no effect of CEO age and founding-family status on pre-earnings management profitability. This research contributes to filling the gap of inconsistent ...


What Is Insurance? An Analysis Of The Tax Deductibility Of Captive Insurance Premiums, John D. Patten 2022 Northern Illinois University

What Is Insurance? An Analysis Of The Tax Deductibility Of Captive Insurance Premiums, John D. Patten

Honors Capstones

What is insurance for the purposes of a tax deduction? The Internal Revenue Code does not define insurance. Without this definition, taxpayers using alternative insurance products to manage their risks must look to case law to determine whether their arrangements count as tax deductible insurance or non-deductible self-insurance. This paper dives into the four prongs of insurance: insurance risk, risk shifting, risk distributing, and commonly accepted notions of insurance. This paper looks to cases that have dealt with the deduction of captive insurance premiums to provide better insight into the practical application of this test. After discussing the evolution of ...


Support New Business To Solve Old Problems With Kentucky’S Keystone Waste From Bourbon & Brewing, Samuel C. Kessler 2022 Commonwealth Policy Coalition, University of Louisville Chapter

Support New Business To Solve Old Problems With Kentucky’S Keystone Waste From Bourbon & Brewing, Samuel C. Kessler

Commonwealth Policy Papers

Provided here is a policy solution from the backside of Kentucky bourbon and brewing to upcycle Kentucky’s “keystone” wastes and grow businesses in the process. Potential effects range from removing the bottleneck on bourbon production and producing GHG-friendly biogas to lowering the price of milk.This full whitepaper brief provides an incentive model for keystone wastes which have a provider and a use. It is equally applicable for policymakers or advocates wishing to place a policy incentive behind waste-to-product upcycling, businesses involved with methane sequestration & renewable biogas energy, and shifting regulatory and penalizing models of pollution into incentive model ...


Sino-Us Trade War, Erin Torgersen 2022 University of Rhode Island

Sino-Us Trade War, Erin Torgersen

Senior Honors Projects

China and the United States are unquestionably the two wealthiest economies in the world. These two countries alone account for almost half of the world’s wealth. As these nations battle to become the world's most powerful economy, it is no surprise high tensions have developed to complicate their relationship. China’s economy has been rapidly growing, especially in the last two decades as China is making its way towards the top of the list of strongest economies through its abundance of exports and manufacturing. Alternatively, as the U.S.’s economy has slowly decreased in the last few ...


Labor Market Institutions And The Incidence Of Payroll Taxation, Jinyoung KIM, KIM, Kanghyock KOH 2022 Singapore Management University

Labor Market Institutions And The Incidence Of Payroll Taxation, Jinyoung Kim, Kim, Kanghyock Koh

Research Collection School Of Economics

Despite the unambiguous predictions of the canonical model of a competitive labor market, empirical studies of the labor market effects of payroll taxation provide conflicting evidence. We estimate the labor market impacts of payroll taxation in Singapore, the country with the most competitive and flexible labor market among the countries investigated in the literature. By exploiting the sharp reduction in payroll tax rate when workers turn 60, we find that the reduced payroll tax rate in Singapore has a large effect on wages without changes in employment. Our meta-analysis shows consistent evidence that varying degrees of labor market competitiveness across ...


Mobile Sports Gambling In South Carolina, Drew Pechulonis 2022 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Mobile Sports Gambling In South Carolina, Drew Pechulonis

Senior Theses

After the U.S. Supreme Court deemed the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA), sports betting has expanded across the country at a rapid pace. As the sports gambling industry continues to grow, states that have not passed legislation are left wondering whether legalization would benefit their constituents.

The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility and consequences of legalizing mobile sports gambling in the state of South Carolina. This study can inform state leaders on how to implement mobile sports gambling in the state as well as the positive and negative repercussions that would follow legislation ...


The Online Ordering Behaviors Among Participants In The Oklahoma Women, Infants, And Children Program: A Cross-Sectional Analysis, Qi Zhang, Kayoung Park, Junzhou Zhang, Chuanyi Tang 2022 Old Dominion University

The Online Ordering Behaviors Among Participants In The Oklahoma Women, Infants, And Children Program: A Cross-Sectional Analysis, Qi Zhang, Kayoung Park, Junzhou Zhang, Chuanyi Tang

Department of Marketing Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is a nutrition assistance program in the United States (U.S.). Participants in the program redeem their prescribed food benefits in WIC-authorized grocery stores. Online ordering is an innovative method being pilot-tested in some stores to facilitate WIC participants’ food benefit redemption, which has become especially important in the COVID-19 pandemic. The present research aimed to examine the online ordering (OO) behaviors among 726 WIC households who adopted WIC OO in a grocery chain, XYZ (anonymous) store, in Oklahoma (OK). These households represented approximately 5% of WIC households who ...


Is Mandatory Sustainability Report Still Beneficial?, Astrid Rudyanto 2021 Trisakti School of Management

Is Mandatory Sustainability Report Still Beneficial?, Astrid Rudyanto

Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan Indonesia

The latest regulations in Indonesia (SEOJK No 16/SEOJK.04/2021) have required public companies to make a sustainability report every year in order to increase sustainable in­vestment. Prior to this regulation, several public companies had made sustainability reports and received benefits of sustainability report. This makes issuers ask whether after being obligated, public companies still get the benefits that have been obtained from voluntary sustainability reports and under what conditions the mandatory sustainability reports are beneficial for public companies. This study answers the public companies' doubts by con­ducting a systematic literature review on research on mandatory and ...


Vat Treatment Of The Financial Services: Implications For The Real Economy, Ismail BAYDUR, Fatih YILMAZ 2021 Singapore Management University

Vat Treatment Of The Financial Services: Implications For The Real Economy, Ismail Baydur, Fatih Yilmaz

Research Collection School Of Economics

Financial institutions are exempt from the value-added tax (VAT) in most countries. We develop a general equilibrium model with endogenous firm entry and a banking sector to accommodate three key distortions related to exempt treatment: (i) self-supply bias in the banking sector, (ii) under-taxation of payment services, and (iii) input distortions in the business sector and tax cascading. We calibrate our model to the average of Germany, France, and the UK data. Our results show that repealing exempt treatment always increases tax revenues. However, welfare gains occur only at low VAT rates due to the hump-shaped VAT Laffer curve.


An Evaluation Of Churchill Downs’ Tax Increment Financing District, Thomas E. Lambert 2021 University of Louisville

An Evaluation Of Churchill Downs’ Tax Increment Financing District, Thomas E. Lambert

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Making Money From Cryptocurrency? The Taxman May Call On You, Hern Kuan LIU, Vincent OOI 2021 Singapore Management University

Making Money From Cryptocurrency? The Taxman May Call On You, Hern Kuan Liu, Vincent Ooi

Research Collection School Of Law

Miners, forgers, hobbyists, traders – different rules apply. Just don’t assume crypto investment is somehow immune to taxation.


Wayfair Sales Tax Nexus: An Illustrative Case Study Of Data Analytics And Data Visualization In An Introductory Tax Course, David Horn, Jacob Enger 2021 Metropolitan State University

Wayfair Sales Tax Nexus: An Illustrative Case Study Of Data Analytics And Data Visualization In An Introductory Tax Course, David Horn, Jacob Enger

The North American Accounting Studies

Data analytics and data visualization technologies are changing the skills needed for future tax accountants. Higher education accrediting bodies have recognized the need for incorporating data analytics and emerging technologies into the curriculum of business schools and accounting programs to meet these changing needs. This paper presents a case study developed to accommodate the need for accounting faculty to incorporate data analytics and data visualization technology into an undergraduate tax course. The case study focuses on the impact of the sales tax economic nexus standards established by the U.S. Supreme Court in South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. Students must ...


Miracle 14: Transparency In Indonesia’S State-Owned Enterprises, Muhammad Yasin, Harsanto Nursadi 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Miracle 14: Transparency In Indonesia’S State-Owned Enterprises, Muhammad Yasin, Harsanto Nursadi

BISNIS & BIROKRASI: Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi dan Organisasi

In administrative science and administrative law, public information disclosure has universally recognized as important partway to good governance. There is an explosive recognition of the world to freedom of information act. Freedom of information or right to information is a inseparable part of transparency principle in governance. Enacting freedom of information act is an effort not only to make government better, but also to create trust among government, the business, and citizens. Indonesia has enacted Act Number 14/2008 (FOI Act) and run into force in 2010, which contains 14 obligations to State-Owned Enterprises (SOE’s). This paper will focus ...


Evaluation Study Of The Implementation Of Flexible Working Arrangement In Public Sector Organization During Covid-19 Pandemic, krismiyati Tasrin, Agus Wahyuadianto, Pratiwi Pratiwi, Masrully Masrully 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Evaluation Study Of The Implementation Of Flexible Working Arrangement In Public Sector Organization During Covid-19 Pandemic, Krismiyati Tasrin, Agus Wahyuadianto, Pratiwi Pratiwi, Masrully Masrully

BISNIS & BIROKRASI: Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi dan Organisasi

The studies of Flexible Working Arrangement (FWA) have increased significantly in 2020. However, most studies are focused on the benefits and risks of FWA in general or particular jobs. The model of FWA implementation in different characteristics of jobs to improve performances are still insufficiently researched. Using a case study with qualitative and quasi-statistic data, this study investigates the Indonesian public sector in implementing FWA policy. Investigating Indonesia allows the researchers to describe how FWA in a mandated leading training institute promotes performances in different types of jobs. This study finds that each department endured unique circumstances. The Research Department ...


Tax Law, Vincent OOI 2021 Singapore Management University

Tax Law, Vincent Ooi

Research Collection School Of Law

This chapter is divided into three main parts: 1) international tax law, 2) domestic tax law, and 3) tax and regulation. The first part deals with the international tax system and the way it has been affected by technology. This part will focus on income tax. Existing rules of nexus, characterisation of income and treatment of data are increasingly being challenged, leading to changes in the OECD Model Convention and the implementation of the Base Erosion and Profits Shifting (“BEPS”) project. These in turn have had a considerable impact on Singapore tax law, as Singapore is an active participant in ...


The State Of Ohio’S Auditors, The Enumeration Of Population And The Project Of Eugenics, Moe Faroukh 2021 Ivey Business School at Western University

The State Of Ohio’S Auditors, The Enumeration Of Population And The Project Of Eugenics, Moe Faroukh

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

This research focuses on how state auditors and superintendents in the State of Ohio participated in the Enumeration process between 1800 and the late 1900s. It focuses around the unexpected nature of auditors carrying out this work. Normally, auditors would review financial statements not count people in such questionable circumstances. The project is essentially trying to piece together from fragmentary historical documents to understand as much as possible why and how these activities were carried out and the role of auditor’s in these processes.


Effects Of Management And Media Disclosures Of Corporate Tax Evasion On Investor Judgments, Ming Wei Gabriel CHUA 2021 Lingnan University

Effects Of Management And Media Disclosures Of Corporate Tax Evasion On Investor Judgments, Ming Wei Gabriel Chua

Lingnan Theses and Dissertations

This study examines investor reactions to disclosures of corporate tax evasion by company management and the media. We were particularly interested in the issue of whether investors value corporate tax compliance from a moral perspective. We conducted an experiment in which we manipulate management disclosure strategies (no disclosure, symbolic disclosure, substantive disclosure) and the presence/absence of media disclosures in a 3 x 2 between-subjects design. Participants provided judgments of a hypothetical company’s short-term and long-term financial prospects and their willingness to maintain their investment in the company.

Media disclosure of tax evasion had a significant effect on all ...


Effects Of A Tax Reform In The Dominican Republic (Dr) During A Pandemic, Sofia Moquete 2021 Syracuse University

Effects Of A Tax Reform In The Dominican Republic (Dr) During A Pandemic, Sofia Moquete

English Language Institute

The COVID-19 pandemic and the change of government produced negative effects in the DR. However the possibility of a tax reform during these times triggers future economic and social instability.


The Influence Of The Ceo Popularity On Performance Of Banking Companies At The Earlier Stages Of Covid-19, Dian Kusuma Wardhani, Wiwik Supratiwi 2021 Airlangga University

The Influence Of The Ceo Popularity On Performance Of Banking Companies At The Earlier Stages Of Covid-19, Dian Kusuma Wardhani, Wiwik Supratiwi

Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan Indonesia

This study aims to obtain empirical evidence about the influence of CEO popularity on banking performance at the earlier stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. The CEO popularity significantly improve based on their achievements in the public mass media. The study sample consisted of 108 banking companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in Q1 - Q3 2020. Panel data regression with a common influence model approach was used for analysis, while the company performance was measured using Tobin's Q. The result showed that CEO popularity in the banking sector positively affects company performance. Therefore, hiring popular CEO helps ...


The Impact Of Key Audit Matters Disclosure On Communicative Value Of The Auditor’S Report: A Systematic Literature Review, Budhi Setiya Yoga, Agung Dinarjito 2021 Center for Finance Professions Supervisory

The Impact Of Key Audit Matters Disclosure On Communicative Value Of The Auditor’S Report: A Systematic Literature Review, Budhi Setiya Yoga, Agung Dinarjito

Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan Indonesia

This research aims to discuss whether the disclosure of key audit matters (KAM) increases the communicative value of the auditor’s report. It also examines factors that need to be considered related to KAM disclosure. It is carried out in connection with the issuance of the Exposure Draft of Indonesia Audit Standard (AS) 701 on ”Pengomunikasian Hal Audit Utama dalam Laporan Auditor Independen” which was adopted from the International Standard on Auditing 701. In Indonesia, no research was found yet related to this topic. By conducting a systematic literature review of the latest articles from 2012 to 2021, this study ...


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