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Blockchain Games: What On And Off-Chain Factors Affect The Volatility, Returns, And Liquidity Of Gaming Crypto Tokens, Sumer Sareen 2023 Claremont Colleges

Blockchain Games: What On And Off-Chain Factors Affect The Volatility, Returns, And Liquidity Of Gaming Crypto Tokens, Sumer Sareen

CMC Senior Theses

Blockchain games took the internet by storm as they offered a new way for users to play video games, own the assets in those games, and benefit monetarily from their efforts. Through Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) and cryptocurrencies, new, Web3 games ushered in a unique asset class for retail and institutional investors to diversify into and benefit from. This paper uses cross-sectional data from 30 blockchain gaming companies to identify on and off-chain factors that affect the company’s token volatility, returns, and liquidity. A multiple linear regression found the percentage of tokens dedicated to a company’s private sale and rewarding users, …


Presidential Economic Approval Rating And The Cross-Section Of Stock Returns, Zilin CHEN, Zhi DA, Dashan HUANG, Liyao WANG 2023 Singapore Management University

Presidential Economic Approval Rating And The Cross-Section Of Stock Returns, Zilin Chen, Zhi Da, Dashan Huang, Liyao Wang

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We construct a monthly presidential economic approval rating (PEAR) index from 1981 to 2019, by averaging ratings on the president’s handling of the economy across various national polls. In the cross-section, stocks with high betas to changes in the PEAR index significantly under-perform those with low betas by 1.00% per month in the future, on a risk-adjusted basis. The low PEAR beta premium persists up to one year, and is present in various sub-samples and even in other G7 countries. PEAR beta dynamically reveals a firm’s perceived alignment to the incumbent president’s economic policies and investors seem to misprice such …


The Economic Value Of Blockchain Applications: Early Evidence From Asset-Backed Securities, Xia CHEN, Qiang CHENG, Ting LUO 2023 Singapore Management University

The Economic Value Of Blockchain Applications: Early Evidence From Asset-Backed Securities, Xia Chen, Qiang Cheng, Ting Luo

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

In this paper, we evaluate the economic value of a blockchain application. In the context of asset-backed securities (ABS) issuance in China, where some ABS are issued with blockchain technology and others are not, we find that the use of blockchain significantly reduces the coupon yield at issuance. Compared with other ABS, those issued using blockchain technology experience a decrease of 31.4 basis points in the yield spread, which corresponds to a relative decrease of 13%. We further document that the effect of blockchain is more pronounced for ABS deals rated by less reputable credit rating agencies and agencies that …


Financial Statement Analysis Project: "The Big Simulation", Luna Y. Goldblatt, Joao Q. Chaves, Andrew M. Landman, Salmin B. Mwinjuma, Braden C. Vitelli 2022 Gettysburg College

Financial Statement Analysis Project: "The Big Simulation", Luna Y. Goldblatt, Joao Q. Chaves, Andrew M. Landman, Salmin B. Mwinjuma, Braden C. Vitelli

Open Educational Resources

This project uses real-world financial statements (for Best Buy Co. Inc. and Nvidia Corporation) and creates a role-playing game where students can choose to be one of 4 capital market participants: an innovator that designs a brand-new accounting system, a company that prepares its best version of financial statements, an investor that chooses its ideal portfolio stocks, and a forensic accountant that looks for evidence of earnings management. The project helps student learn to conduct financial statement analysis and appreciate the impact of these statements on company financial ratios and capital market performance.


Forecasting Variance Swap Payoffs, Jonathan Dark, Xin Gao, Thijs van der Heijden, Federico Nardari 2022 University of Melbourne

Forecasting Variance Swap Payoffs, Jonathan Dark, Xin Gao, Thijs Van Der Heijden, Federico Nardari

WCBT Faculty Publications

We investigate the predictability of payoffs from selling variance swaps on the S&P500, US 10-year treasuries, gold, and crude oil. In-sample analysis shows that structural breaks are an important feature when modeling payoffs, and hence the ex post variance risk premium. Out-of-sample tests, on the other hand, reveal that structural break models do not improve forecast performance relative to simpler linear (or state invariant) models. We show that a host of variables that had previously been shown to forecast excess returns for the four asset classes, contain predictive power for ex post realizations of the respective variance risk premia as …


Portfolio Optimization Analysis In The Family Of 4/2 Stochastic Volatility Models, Yuyang Cheng 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Portfolio Optimization Analysis In The Family Of 4/2 Stochastic Volatility Models, Yuyang Cheng

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Over the last two decades, trading of financial derivatives has increased significantly along with richer and more complex behaviour/traits on the underlying assets. The need for more advanced models to capture traits and behaviour of risky assets is crucial. In this spirit, the state-of-the-art 4/2 stochastic volatility model was recently proposed by Grasselli in 2017 and has gained great attention ever since. The 4/2 model is a superposition of a Heston (1/2) component and a 3/2 component, which is shown to be able to eliminate the limitations of these two individual models, bringing the best out of each other. Based …


Social, Ethical & Legal Aspect Of Rwa (Resident Welfare Association) Management, Soma Mitra, Dhananjaya Sarangi, Rajendra Bhanj Col., Srikanta Patnaik 2022 Department Of Human Resource & Communication, Interscience Institute of Management and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Social, Ethical & Legal Aspect Of Rwa (Resident Welfare Association) Management, Soma Mitra, Dhananjaya Sarangi, Rajendra Bhanj Col., Srikanta Patnaik

Interscience Management Review

There has been a sharp rise in the number of highrise buildings in almost all cities during the last 10 years and particularly after the declaration of “Smart Cities” by Government of India. So far as the business and management of infrastructure companies are concerned, it is needless to say that it is an established industry. However, after these high rise buildings become habitable, and are handed over to the housing societies or Resident Welfare Associations (Hereafter referred as RWAs), there are many issues and challenges faced by the apartment owners. The motivation behind the study of social, ethical and …


From Shaq To Serena Williams: An Analysis Of Celebrity Spacs, John Boyar 2022 University of South Carolina - Columbia

From Shaq To Serena Williams: An Analysis Of Celebrity Spacs, John Boyar

Senior Theses

Special Purpose Acquisition Companies (SPACs) surged in popularity in 2020 and 2021. For the first time in U.S. history, more SPAC IPOs occurred in a particular year than traditional IPOs and direct listings. Amidst the increase in SPAC IPOs, an expanding number of celebrities became involved with these investment vehicles. This thesis investigates the trend of celebrity backed SPACs by examining how celebrity involvement or association with a SPAC may affect the performance of these equities in the market.

This study examines the SPAC period returns, deSPAC period returns, IPO sizes, deal lengths, and PIPE financing amounts of 339 SPAC …


Cognitive Biases Of Trained Finance Professionals In India: An Exploratory Analysis, Labanya Prakash Jena 2022 Xavier Institute of Management

Cognitive Biases Of Trained Finance Professionals In India: An Exploratory Analysis, Labanya Prakash Jena

Management Dynamics

Cognitive biases among trained financial professionals may lead to mismanagement of investment decision-making or inadequate utilization of resources. Not many studies in this domain are available in the Indian context. The objective of the study is to find out the main cognitive biases among finance professionals in India. Using my diverse professional online networks, 162 trained finance professionals’ survey responses are gathered for this study. I used Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method since it is suitable for this study. The PCA method allows to find out the critical group of factors incorporated in the questionnaire and derive the significant factors …


Essays On Performance Evaluation Of Portfolio Managers Of Mutual And Hedge Funds, Yuekun Liu 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Essays On Performance Evaluation Of Portfolio Managers Of Mutual And Hedge Funds, Yuekun Liu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation consists of three essays focusing on the performance evaluation of portfolio managers of mutual and hedge funds. The first essay shows the performance of corporate bond mutual funds tends to be estimated using models with limited empirical validation. I test several models and find considerable variation in quality. That variation leads to meaningful differences with respect to the stylized facts of corporate bond fund performance. Using my preferred BENCH4 model—a novel model based on funds’ common benchmarks—I find average underperformance, substantial relative performance persistence, a small number of funds with positive alphas unattributable to luck, and positive alphas …


Information Acquisition And Expected Returns: Evidence From Edgar Search Traffic, Frank Weikai LI, Chengzhu SUN 2022 Singapore Management University

Information Acquisition And Expected Returns: Evidence From Edgar Search Traffic, Frank Weikai Li, Chengzhu Sun

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

This paper examines expected return information embedded in investors' information acquisition activity. Using a novel dataset containing investors' access of company filings through SEC's EDGAR system, we reverse engineer their expectations over future payoffs and show that the abnormal number of IPs searching for firms' financial statements strongly predict future returns. The return predictability stems from investors allocating more effort to firms with improving fundamentals and following exogeneous shock to underpricing. A long-short portfolio based on our measure of information acquisition activity generate monthly abnormal return of 80 basis points and does not reverse over the long-run.. In addition, the …


Indonesian Capital Market Reaction To Jakarta’S Large Scale Social Restrictions, Nur Wahyu Catur Wicaksono, Y. Anni Aryani, Doddy Setiawan 2022 Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Indonesian Capital Market Reaction To Jakarta’S Large Scale Social Restrictions, Nur Wahyu Catur Wicaksono, Y. Anni Aryani, Doddy Setiawan

The Indonesian Capital Market Review

This study aims to analyze the Indonesian capital market reaction to the Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) policy in Jakarta in 2020. The findings from this study can be used as a policy evaluation and as a reference to assess similar future policies to be implemented in Jakarta. Four event periods were used based on the number of times this policy was implemented in 2020. Using the event study approach and single index model method, this study used 568 companies listed on the IDX which are then divided into nine sectors. The results of this study showed that the Indonesian capital …


Analyzing The Relationship Between Return And Trading Volume In Relation To Cross-Sectional Absolute Deviation (Csad) In Order To Detect Herding Behavior In Indonesia Emerging Stock Market, Helma Malini, Annisa Dipa Sakliana 2022 Universitas Tanjungpura, Indonesia

Analyzing The Relationship Between Return And Trading Volume In Relation To Cross-Sectional Absolute Deviation (Csad) In Order To Detect Herding Behavior In Indonesia Emerging Stock Market, Helma Malini, Annisa Dipa Sakliana

The Indonesian Capital Market Review

Investor herding behavior is a primary source of speculative bubbles since it implies that investors make identical trading decisions, which can lead to stock prices deviating from their underlying worth. The goal of this study is to detect herding behavior in the Indonesian stock market between 2016 and 2021. The relationship between return and trading volume, known as Cross Sectional Absolute Deviation, is used to assess herding behavior (CSAD). Time-series regression and quantile regression analysis will be employed as data analytic techniques in this study to investigate herding behavior under various market scenarios. Herding behavior is evident in the Indonesian …


The Existence Of Indonesian Islamic Market Stocks During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Febryna Rizka Pratiwi, Nur Fatwa Dr. 2022 University of Indonesia

The Existence Of Indonesian Islamic Market Stocks During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Febryna Rizka Pratiwi, Nur Fatwa Dr.

Journal of Strategic and Global Studies

When the first Covid-19 case entered Indonesia, Jakarta Composite Index (JCI) underwent a very deep correction until it reached its lowest point in the last decade, from the level of 6,300 to the level of 3,975 as of March 24, 2020. But, an interesting fact in the following months the JCI consistently rose, and even managed to break back above the 6000 level in the period from the end of 2020 to the beginning of 2021. Indonesia has again won the nomination for the category 'The Best Islamic Capital Market 2020' from the Global Islamic Finance Awards (GIFA). The growth …


The Additional Burden Of The Bank Security Act On Community Banks In States With Casinos, Danielle Lewis 2022 Southeastern Louisiana University

The Additional Burden Of The Bank Security Act On Community Banks In States With Casinos, Danielle Lewis

Southern University College of Business E-Journal

Deeply embedded compliance costs are difficult to account. We modeled non-interest expenses using all U.S. community banks and found the 2001 USA Patriot Act increased the compliance burdens, but particularly for banks with casinos in their state. Changes in policy pertaining to the Bank Secrecy Act include Congress modernizing the BSA provisions because the rules leave excessive room for interpretation and subjectivity across examiners and courts. Additionally, a publication showing the effectiveness of BSA reporting could benefit bankers and help make compliance more cost efficient.


Non-Profit Accounting And Financial Strategies For The Exponential Age, Nathan A. Judd 2022 Seattle Pacific University

Non-Profit Accounting And Financial Strategies For The Exponential Age, Nathan A. Judd

Honors Projects

This research project was designed to introduce the current state of digital assets with all of its potential risks and rewards within the non-profit business sector. Non-profit organizations receive donations constantly, but what happens when an individual gives a digital asset such as Bitcoin to the non-profit? The answer is quite complicated from an accounting and strategic business approach but will be unpacked and reviewed. Other nonprofit topics included are the exponential network effects for digital assets, official FASB accounting regulation treatments for digital assets, taxation documentation from the IRS regarding digital assets, and potential implementation strategies to consider.


Bnsf Strategic Analysis, Bella Tran 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Bnsf Strategic Analysis, Bella Tran

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Burlington Northern Santa Fe, LLC. (BNSF), is an American railroad that is concentrated in the western two-thirds of the U.S. This railroad has a history stretching back over a century that has led the company to now function as one of the leading Class I Railroad with over 30,000 employees and over 30,000 miles of laid track. Two methods of analysis were used to examine the competitive environment in which BNSF operates. The first is the PESTEL analysis which examines the macro-environment. The second is Porter’s Five Forces which analyzes the competitive environment of an industry. The analyses concluded that …


Active Learning With Cybersecurity, Carole Shook 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Active Learning With Cybersecurity, Carole Shook

Publications and Presentations

A global campus grant was obtained in Spring 2020 to develop modules for Cybersecurity. This presentation encompasses the use of Cyberciege and case studies that require active learning of students.


Coinbase Global Inc. Strategic Audit, Decker Bobin 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Coinbase Global Inc. Strategic Audit, Decker Bobin

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Coinbase is a cryptocurrency exchange founded in the U.S during 2012 by Brian Armstrong and Fred Ehrsam. Coinbase’s application allows users to buy, sell, and exchange different cryptocurrencies on the open market. Cryptocurrencies are digital assets used as a medium to quickly transfer value, globally, without any middleman. Some cryptocurrencies have different technology than others, but all are based on blockchain, and cryptography. Blockchain technology allows transactions to be built into a chain that is forever accessible, hence the name “public ledger.” Cryptography is what ensures ultimate ownership, through seed phrases, and security through encryption. Coinbase has several large competitors …


Risk-Return Dynamics Using Leveraged Etf Options, Eliza Wampler 2022 East Tennessee State University

Risk-Return Dynamics Using Leveraged Etf Options, Eliza Wampler

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study uses barbell strategies on the S&P 500 and the NASDAQ 100 to explore if funds invested primarily in fixed income assets with a portion of the investment placed in in-the-money call options can participate in upside potential, while also reducing risk. This study examines call options on the underlying indexes as well as their leveraged, 2x and 3x, counterparts. The barbell strategy studied, 88% in fixed income bonds and 12% in call options, does not have a higher return than the underlying index, and adds additional risk. However, a weighted portfolio with combinations of a risk-free asset and …


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