Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Materials Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,574 Full-Text Articles 8,701 Authors 691,761 Downloads 130 Institutions

All Articles in Materials Chemistry

Faceted Search

3,574 full-text articles. Page 3 of 118.

Enhanced Mechanical Strength Of Soybean Oil-Based Non-Isocyanate Polyurethane Adhesive For Wood Application By Introducing Nanofillers, Vatsal Chaudhari 2023 Pittsburg State University

Enhanced Mechanical Strength Of Soybean Oil-Based Non-Isocyanate Polyurethane Adhesive For Wood Application By Introducing Nanofillers, Vatsal Chaudhari

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

Polyurethane (PU) is a versatile material that finds extensive use in various industries including bedding, construction, automotive, and packaging. Historically, this particular polymer relied significantly on petrochemical resources, a practice that was considered to have negative environmental impacts. The conventional method for preparing PU involves the use of isocyanate, which is a disadvantage due to its negative impact on the environment and human health. The resolution of this problem entails identifying an appropriate substitute for petroleum-derived products that minimize their impact on both the environment and human health. The researchers earlier utilized soybean oil, for the formulation of PUs in …


Exploring Soybean Oil-Based Polyol And Effect Of Non-Halogenated Flame Retardants In Rigid Polyurethane Foam, Sahithi Kondaveeti 2023 Pittsburg State University

Exploring Soybean Oil-Based Polyol And Effect Of Non-Halogenated Flame Retardants In Rigid Polyurethane Foam, Sahithi Kondaveeti

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

To address the increasing demand for sustainable biomaterials due to the depletion of fossil fuel resources and growing environmental concerns, a new type of biodegradable and environmentally friendly rigid polyurethane foam (RPUF) has been synthesized. These foams are derived from chemically modified soybean oil-based polyol obtained from soybean oil by epoxidation followed by a ring-opening reaction. Polyurethane foam is generally used in construction, furniture, and automobile industries but is highly flammable and releases toxic gases and smoke during combustion. In this study, a highly efficient synergistic effect halogen-free flame-retardant (FR) melamine salt, 2-carboxyethyl(phenyl)phosphinic acid melamine salt (CMA) was synthesized from …


Material Formulation And Process Optimization Towards Fabricating Robust 3d Printed Structures, Austin Riggins 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Material Formulation And Process Optimization Towards Fabricating Robust 3d Printed Structures, Austin Riggins

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on understanding and addressing the fundamental physicochemical phenomena that lead to weak interfaces and structural warpage in material extrusion 3D printing. Polymeric feedstocks used for this manufacturing technique were manipulated through the incorporation of additives that alter the dynamics of the matrix during and after printing. In Chapter II, adhesion between layers of structures printed from PEEK was strengthened through a combination of low-molecular weight additive incorporation and post-printing thermal annealing. Chapter III reports a method for decreasing the irreversible thermal strain of structures printed from poly(lactic acid) by introducing nanographene and photoinitiator additives into the feedstock …


Studies On Electrochemical Hydrogen Isotope Separation, Liyanage Mayura Sankalpa Silva 2023 Clemson University

Studies On Electrochemical Hydrogen Isotope Separation, Liyanage Mayura Sankalpa Silva

All Dissertations

Graphene-integrated Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) electrochemical cells have emerged as a novel area of scientific investigation in the realm of hydrogen isotope separation. Chemical Vapor Deposited (CVD) graphene has been especially useful due to its large-scale production capability for scaling-up purposes. The research described in this dissertation explores the role that inadvertent introduction of cations, notably ammonium and copper, during the CVD graphene transfer onto PEM substrates, such as Nafion, might play in affecting hydrogen ion transport and isotope separation in PEM electrochemical cells. An extensive review of existing literature exposed a gap concerning unintentional cation introductions during graphene transfer, …


Characterization Of Interlayer Laser Shock Peening During Fused Filament Fabrication Of Polylactic Acid (Pla), Fabien Denise 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Characterization Of Interlayer Laser Shock Peening During Fused Filament Fabrication Of Polylactic Acid (Pla), Fabien Denise

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The field of additive manufacturing (AM) has gained a significant amount of popularity due to the increasing need for more sustainable manufacturing techniques and the adaptive development of complex product geometries. The problem is that AM parts routinely exhibit flaws or weaknesses that affect functionality or performance. Over the years, surface treatments have been developed to compensate certain flaws or weaknesses in manufactured products. Combining surface treatments with the modularity of additive manufacturing could lead to more adaptable and creative improvements of product functions in the future. The current work evaluates the feasibility of pursuing a new research axis in …


Quantification Of Dye Degradation On Titanium Dioxide-Based Membranes, Elizabeth Carol Wood 2023 University of Arkansas-Fayetteville

Quantification Of Dye Degradation On Titanium Dioxide-Based Membranes, Elizabeth Carol Wood

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the dye degradation on the titanium dioxide (TiO2)-based membranes. While many studies have shown photocatalytic degradation of dye on TiO2 in solution, few studies have been reported on the solid TiO2 substrate. In this work, a new method is developed to quantify the dye degradation on TiO2-based membranes. A hydrothermal method is used to synthesize the photocatalytic TiO2 nanofibers; vacuum filtration is applied to fabricate a self-assembled membrane. Silver is incorporated into the nanofibers through in situ reduction before vacuum filtration to fabricate Ag/TiO2 membrane in an attempt to red shift the …


Scalable Solution Processing Of Niox Nanoparticles., Peter James Armstrong 2023 University of Louisville

Scalable Solution Processing Of Niox Nanoparticles., Peter James Armstrong

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are a promising alternative to silicon-based photovoltaics. However, PSCs face several challenges due to shortcomings in their stability, module efficiency, and scaled production. Although PSCs is still a young field of research, significant attention has been given to demonstrating power conversion efficiencies that are on par with traditional silicon. With that target reached, converting the laboratory demonstration into practical materials to increase access and abundance of solar energy are among the next large targets for the field. This comes with material challenges for perovskite and their companion charge transport layers (CTLs). Among the charge transport materials …


The Influence Of Ion-Ion Correlations On Conductivity In Concentrated Ionic Systems, MD DIPU AHMED 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Influence Of Ion-Ion Correlations On Conductivity In Concentrated Ionic Systems, Md Dipu Ahmed

Masters Theses

This study delves into the fascinating realm of concentrated ionic systems, such as ionic liquids, superionic materials, organic ionic plastic crystals, and polyelectrolytes, which hold immense potential for energy storage applications. The focus is on understanding the intricate role of ionic correlations in shaping their ionic conductivity behavior. These correlations can either boost or impede conductivity, yet their underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Through extensive investigation of various materials, including ionic liquids with differing anionic masses, pure organic ionic plastic crystals, and doped systems, this research employs advanced techniques like dielectric spectroscopy and innovative momentum conservation models to quantify these correlations. …


Nanoparticles And The Environment: Biopolymer Grafted Cellulose And Screen-Printed Carbon Nanotube Composites, Dominique Henry Porcincula 2023 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Nanoparticles And The Environment: Biopolymer Grafted Cellulose And Screen-Printed Carbon Nanotube Composites, Dominique Henry Porcincula

Master's Theses

A host of environmental issues will define the state of the environment in the 21st century, with plastic pollution and water shortages among them. While solutions to these problems require large-scale, multipronged solutions, one way we can address them is through material innovation and the use of nanoparticles.

In the first project, we address the issue of plastic pollution by creating nanocomposites of biodegradable polymers (PLA and PCL) with cellulose nanofibrils. Here, PLA and PCL are grafted from the surface of cellulose nanofibrils via ring-opening polymerization of cyclic ester monomers. Polymer-grafted cellulose (PGC) is characterized with structural analysis, solubility …


Lif-Sn Composite Modification Layer To Modify Garnet/Lithium Metal Interface, Wu Yang, Xue-Fan Zheng, Yu-Qi Wu, Zheng-Liang Gong 2023 College of Energy, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China

Lif-Sn Composite Modification Layer To Modify Garnet/Lithium Metal Interface, Wu Yang, Xue-Fan Zheng, Yu-Qi Wu, Zheng-Liang Gong

Journal of Electrochemistry

The growing demands for electric vehicles and consumer electronics; as well as the expanding renewable energy storage market; have promoted extensive research on energy storage technologies with low costhigh energy density and safety. Lithium (Li) metal and solid-state electrolytes are considered as important components for next-generation batteries because of their great potential for improvements in energy density and safety performance. Inorganic garnet-type solid electrolytes with high Li-ion conductivity (about 10-3 S·cm-1) and high shear modulus (55 GPa) are considered to be ideal solid-state electrolytes; however; the issue of Li dendrite growth still obstructs their practical application. Herein; …


Preparation And Lithium Storage Properties Of Carbon Confined Li3Vo4 Nano Materials, Jia-Qi Fan, Huan-Qiao Song, Jia-Ying An, Amantai A-Yi-Da-Na, Mo Chen 2023 College of New Materials and Chemical Engineering & Hydrogen Energy Research Centre; Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, Beijing 102617, China

Preparation And Lithium Storage Properties Of Carbon Confined Li3Vo4 Nano Materials, Jia-Qi Fan, Huan-Qiao Song, Jia-Ying An, Amantai A-Yi-Da-Na, Mo Chen

Journal of Electrochemistry

Li3VO4, as a promising anode material for lithium ion batteries, has been widely studied because of its low and safe voltage, and large capacity. However, its poor electronic conductivity impedes the practical application of Li3VO4 particularly at high rates. In this paper, carbon confined Li3VO4 nano materials (Li3VO4/C) were synthesized by hydrothermal and solid-phase method, and for comparison, the Li3VO4 (N) nano materials without carbon confinement and Li3VO4 (B) materials were also synthesized by pure solid-phase method. The composition, structure, morphology and specific …


Constructing Carbon-Encapsulated Nifev-Based Electrocatalysts By Alkoxide-Based Self-Template Method For Oxygen Evolution Reaction, En-Hui Ma, Xu-Po Liu, Tao Shen, De-Li Wang 2023 School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China

Constructing Carbon-Encapsulated Nifev-Based Electrocatalysts By Alkoxide-Based Self-Template Method For Oxygen Evolution Reaction, En-Hui Ma, Xu-Po Liu, Tao Shen, De-Li Wang

Journal of Electrochemistry

The development of green and sustainable water-splitting hydrogen production technology is beneficial to reducing the over-reliance on fossil fuels and realizing the strategic goal of "carbon neutral". As one of the half reactions for water splitting, oxygen evolution reaction has suffered the problems of sluggish four-electron transfer process and relatively slow reaction kinetics. Therefore, exploring efficient and stable catalysts for oxygen evolution reaction is of critical importance for water-splitting technology. Metal alkoxides are a series of compounds formed by the coordination function of metal ions with alcohol molecules. Metal alkoxides possess the double advantages of organic materials and inorganic materials, …


Peg-Water Electrolyte For High-Performance Zinc Iodine Dual-Ion Batteries, Xiao-Feng Qu, Yu-Ting Tang, Xin-Cheng He, Jia-Sheng Zhou, Zi-Heng Tang, Wen-Hua Feng, Jun Liu 2023 Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China

Peg-Water Electrolyte For High-Performance Zinc Iodine Dual-Ion Batteries, Xiao-Feng Qu, Yu-Ting Tang, Xin-Cheng He, Jia-Sheng Zhou, Zi-Heng Tang, Wen-Hua Feng, Jun Liu

Journal of Electrochemistry

Thanks to abundant resource and rapid redox reaction kinetics, iodine is regarded as promising positive materials inthe batteries. However, the shuttling effect due to the high solubility of iodine in the electrolyte makes the performance of battery poor. In this paper, polyethylene glycol (PEG400) and potassium iodide were added into zinc-ion aqueous electrolyte. PEG400 could complex with iodine to reduce the dissolution of iodine, therefore alleviating the formation of soluble triiodide (I3) from iodine and iodide ions. Furthermore, this electrolyte was used in the battery with double carbon cloths as the current collectors, double separators and zinc …


Polymer-Based Nanotherapeutics To Combat Difficult-To-Treat Bacterial Infections, Jessa Marie V. Makabenta 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Polymer-Based Nanotherapeutics To Combat Difficult-To-Treat Bacterial Infections, Jessa Marie V. Makabenta

Doctoral Dissertations

The continuous emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria are a global health emergency, debilitating the capability to prevent and cure various infectious diseases that were once treatable. Antibiotic therapy is further rendered ineffective due to biofilm formation and the ability of bacteria to thrive and colonize inside mammalian cells. Given the diminishing efficacy of available antibiotics combined with the scarcity of new therapeutics entering the antibiotic pipeline, innovative treatment strategies are urgently in demand. Nanomaterial-based strategies offer ‘outside of the box’ approach for the treatment of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections. Nanomaterials feature tunable physicochemical properties that can be carefully modified to …


Reactive Chemistries For Protein Labeling, Degradation, And Stimuli Responsive Delivery, Myrat Kurbanov 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Reactive Chemistries For Protein Labeling, Degradation, And Stimuli Responsive Delivery, Myrat Kurbanov

Doctoral Dissertations

Reactive chemistries for protein chemical modification play an instrumental role in chemical biology, proteomics, and therapeutics. Depending on the application, the selectivity of these modifications can range from precise modification of an amino acid sequence by genetic manipulation of protein expression machinery to a stochastic modification of lysine residues on the protein surface. Ligand-Directed (LD) chemistry is one of the few methods for targeted modification of endogenous proteins without genetic engineering. However, current LD strategies are limited by stringent amino acid selectivity. To bridge this gap, this thesis focuses on the development of highly reactive LD Triggerable Michael Acceptors (LD-TMAcs) …


Applying Density Functional Theory Simulations To Study The Charge Balancing And Structure Directing Roles Of Fluoride In Zeolite Synthesis, Tongkun Wang 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Applying Density Functional Theory Simulations To Study The Charge Balancing And Structure Directing Roles Of Fluoride In Zeolite Synthesis, Tongkun Wang

Doctoral Dissertations

Zeolites represent a major cornerstone of today’s energy industry as the most-used petrochemical catalyst by weight in the world. Constituted by tetrahedra of T-atoms including Si, Al, Ge and Ti, zeolites form a huge family of nano-porous crystalline materials which also provide reliable candidates for novel, energy related applications such as efficient separations, hydrogen-purifying/storing and conversions from biomass to biofuel. However, the formation mechanism of zeolite is still not clear, as synthesis processes are complicated by requirements including structure directing agents (SDAs), hydroxide or fluoride medium, and experimental conditions like temperature. Attempts for designing new zeolite structures still fall in …


Binding Interactions Of Biologically Relevant Molecules Studied Using Surface-Modified And Nanostructured Surfaces, Palak Sondhi 2023 University of Missouri–St. Louis

Binding Interactions Of Biologically Relevant Molecules Studied Using Surface-Modified And Nanostructured Surfaces, Palak Sondhi

Dissertations

This research focuses on the field of surface nanobioscience, wherein different nanosurfaces that will be used as working electrodes in the electrochemical cell are manufactured and surface modified to understand the critical binding interactions between biologically significant molecules like proteins, carbohydrates, small drug molecules, and glycoproteins. This research is essential if we are to determine whether a synthetic molecule can serve as a therapeutic candidate or diagnose a disease in its early stages. In order to fully understand the binding interactions, the study begins with defining some of the fundamental concepts, principles, and analytical tools for biosensing.

Afterwards, we addressed …


Electrochemical Degradation Of Methylene Blue With Seawater And Pb/Pbo2 Electrodes From Battery Waste, Gunawan Gunawan, N. B. Adiwibawa Prasetya, Didik Setiyo Widodo, Roni Adi Wijaya 2023 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia.

Electrochemical Degradation Of Methylene Blue With Seawater And Pb/Pbo2 Electrodes From Battery Waste, Gunawan Gunawan, N. B. Adiwibawa Prasetya, Didik Setiyo Widodo, Roni Adi Wijaya

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Electrochemical degradation of methylene blue (MB) dye with seawater electrolyte using lead and lead oxide (Pb/PbO2) electrodes from waste batteries has been successfully conducted. Characterization of battery waste, the effectiveness of dye degradation, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) concentration, dissolved oxygen (DO) level, reaction mechanism, the effect of time variation (15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes), and voltage variation (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 volts) were observed. Characterization showed results by the characteristics of Pb and PbO2 confirmed by X-ray diffractometer (XRD) result-ing in 2θ peaks of Pb at 31.36, 36.38, 52.26, 62.36, 65.38º and 2θ (β-PbO2) at 25.4, 32.0, …


A Computational Approach For Mapping Electrochemical Activity Of Multi-Principal Element Alloys, Jodie A. Yuwono, Xinyu Li, Tyler D. Dolezal, Adib J. Samin, Javen Qinfeng Shi, Zhipeng Li, Nick Birbilis 2023 University of Adelaide

A Computational Approach For Mapping Electrochemical Activity Of Multi-Principal Element Alloys, Jodie A. Yuwono, Xinyu Li, Tyler D. Dolezal, Adib J. Samin, Javen Qinfeng Shi, Zhipeng Li, Nick Birbilis

Faculty Publications

Multi principal element alloys (MPEAs) comprise an atypical class of metal alloys. MPEAs have been demonstrated to possess several exceptional properties, including, as most relevant to the present study a high corrosion resistance. In the context of MPEA design, the vast number of potential alloying elements and the staggering number of elemental combinations favours a computational alloy design approach. In order to computationally assess the prospective corrosion performance of MPEA, an approach was developed in this study. A density functional theory (DFT) – based Monte Carlo method was used for the development of MPEA ‘structure’; with the AlCrTiV alloy used …


Hydroxyapatite-Based Coatings On Silicon Wafers And Printed Zirconia, Antoine Chauvin 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Hydroxyapatite-Based Coatings On Silicon Wafers And Printed Zirconia, Antoine Chauvin

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Dental surgery needs a naturally attract implant design that can ensure both osseointegration and soft tissue integration. Hydroxyapatite (HAp), the main mineral constituent of dentine and tooth enamel, is commonly used as a coating component, notably for overlaying titanium– or ceramics–based implants. This thesis aims to investigate the behavior of a HAp-based coating, specifically designed to be compatible with a porous substrate. Coating layers are made by sol–gel dip coating by immersion of porous substrates made by additive manufacturing into solutions of HAp, having been mixed with polyethyleneimine (PEI), to improve the adhesion of HAp on the substrate. First, the …


Digital Commons powered by bepress