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New State Records For Nearctic False Click Beetles (Coleoptera: Eucnemidae), Robert L. Otto, Ken D. Karns 2017 Shawano, WI

New State Records For Nearctic False Click Beetles (Coleoptera: Eucnemidae), Robert L. Otto, Ken D. Karns

Insecta Mundi

New state records for 49 species of Eucnemidae (Coleoptera) are reported throughout the United States and a single species is newly reported from Utah. Diagnostic remarks are offered for Xylophilus crassicornis Muona and distributional observations are discussed for Dirrhagofarsus lewisi. The importance of retaining by-catch from statewide, regional, and national surveys for future studies is also discussed.

Over the last five years, opportunities were presented on many occasions to identify more than 1500 Eucnemidae from four private collections and eight institutional collections. Most of the specimens recently studied and identifi ed came from the Carnegie Museum of Natural History as ...


Amphibians, Pesticides, And The Amphibian Chytrid Fungus In Restored Wetlands In Agricultural Landscapes, Rebecca A. Reeves, Clay L. Pierce, Mark W. Vandever, Erin Muths, Kelly L. Smalling 2017 Iowa State University

Amphibians, Pesticides, And The Amphibian Chytrid Fungus In Restored Wetlands In Agricultural Landscapes, Rebecca A. Reeves, Clay L. Pierce, Mark W. Vandever, Erin Muths, Kelly L. Smalling

Clay L. Pierce

Information on interactions between pesticide exposure and disease prevalence in amphibian populations is limited, especially from field data. Exposure to certain herbicides and insecticides has the potential to decrease the immune response in frogs, which can potentially lead to increased abundance of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) zoospores on individuals and in the wetlands. In contrast, exposure to certain fungicides can decrease Bd abundance on frog skin. We examined the relationships between the abundance of Bd on the skin of individual Boreal Chorus Frogs (Pseudacris maculata) and the concentrations of pesticides in the water and in frog tissue at six agriculturally dominated ...


Boone River Watershed Stream Fish And Habitat Monitoring, Ia, Nicholas T. Simpson, Clay L. Pierce, Kevin J. Roe, Michael J. Weber 2017 Iowa State University

Boone River Watershed Stream Fish And Habitat Monitoring, Ia, Nicholas T. Simpson, Clay L. Pierce, Kevin J. Roe, Michael J. Weber

Clay L. Pierce

Historically, Iowa’s landscape consisted of prairies, forests, and wetlands with meandering streams integrated throughout (Hewes 1950). The arrival and subsequent settlement of European immigrants began a long process of altering the landscape to help meet human needs. Cultivating row crops in Iowa became a popular and successful venture for many as the flat, fertile ground of the Midwestern United States provided a great opportunity for farmers (Easterlin 1976). Early Iowa farmers began to drain wetlands, cut down forests, remove prairies, and replace them with crop fields (Gallant et al. 2011). As the technology of farming practices improved and operations ...


Intra-Annual Variability Of Silver Carp Populations In The Des Moines River, Usa, Christopher J. Sullivan, Carlos A. Comacho, Michael J. Weber, Clay L. Pierce 2017 Iowa State University

Intra-Annual Variability Of Silver Carp Populations In The Des Moines River, Usa, Christopher J. Sullivan, Carlos A. Comacho, Michael J. Weber, Clay L. Pierce

Clay L. Pierce

Since their introduction in the 1970s, Silver Carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix have spread throughout the Mississippi River basin. Management of any species relies on an accurate understanding of population characteristics and dynamics. However, Silver Carp seasonal sampling variation is unknown. Sampling during periods of peak catch rates would facilitate Silver Carp assessment and management, improving monitoring and removal techniques. The objective of this study was to evaluate adult Silver Carp seasonal sampling variation with boat electroshocking and trammel nets. Silver Carp were collected monthly (April–October) during 2014 and 2015 from four locations in the Des Moines River, Iowa. Trammel nets ...


Introgression Makes Waves In Inferred Histories Of Effective Population Size, John Hawks 2017 University of Wisconsin-Madison

Introgression Makes Waves In Inferred Histories Of Effective Population Size, John Hawks

Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

Human populations have a complex history of introgression and of changing population size. Human genetic variation has been affected by both these processes, so that inference of past population size depends upon the pattern of gene flow and introgression among past populations. One remarkable aspect of human population history as inferred from genetics is a consistent “wave” of larger effective population size, found in both African and non-African populations, that appears to reflect events prior to the last 100,000 years. Here I carry out a series of simulations to investigate how introgression and gene flow from genetically divergent ancestral ...


Practicing Partnership With The Earth: Nurturing The Evolution Of A Caring Alliance Based On Reciprocity And Respect, Ann Amberg 2017 Center for Partnership Studies

Practicing Partnership With The Earth: Nurturing The Evolution Of A Caring Alliance Based On Reciprocity And Respect, Ann Amberg

Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies

This article highlights the value and importance of partnership practices focused on deepening our personal relationship with nature. In a context of the movement from domination to partnership systems, the author suggests the possibility of identifying ourselves in a larger context, as planetary humans, and offers insight into the perceptive shifts required to cultivate reciprocal and respectful relationships with the natural world. Through the suggestion of accessible earth-focused partnership practices aligned with primal biodynamic earth patterns, the reader will gain a deeper understanding of how an embodied partnership with nature’s life forces can to help restore wholeness at the ...


Prebiotic Rna Network Formation: A Taxonomy Of Molecular Cooperation, Cole Mathis, Sanjay N. Ramprasad, Sara Imari Walker, Niles Lehman 2017 Arizona State University

Prebiotic Rna Network Formation: A Taxonomy Of Molecular Cooperation, Cole Mathis, Sanjay N. Ramprasad, Sara Imari Walker, Niles Lehman

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Cooperation is essential for evolution of biological complexity. Recent work has shown game theoretic arguments, commonly used to model biological cooperation, can also illuminate the dynamics of chemical systems. Here we investigate the types of cooperation possible in a real RNA system based on the Azoarcusribozyme, by constructing a taxonomy of possible cooperative groups. We construct a computational model of this system to investigate the features of the real system promoting cooperation. We find triplet interactions among genotypes are intrinsically biased towards cooperation due to the particular distribution of catalytic rate constants measured empirically in the real system. For other ...


Description Of A New Nearctic Species Of Tragosoma Audinet-Serville (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Prioninae), With Species Validations, New Synonymies And A Lectotype Designation, Serge Laplante 2017 Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes

Description Of A New Nearctic Species Of Tragosoma Audinet-Serville (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Prioninae), With Species Validations, New Synonymies And A Lectotype Designation, Serge Laplante

Insecta Mundi

Tragosoma soror (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Prioninae), a new Nearctic species, is described and compared to its North American congeners. Tragosoma harrisii LeConte, revised status, and Tragosoma spiculum Casey, revised status are both resurrected from synonymy and considered valid species distinct from T. depsarium (Linnaeus). The Mexican T. nigripenne Bates is confirmed as a valid species. Tragosoma chiricahuae Linsley, new synonym, is placed in synonymy under T. spiculum Casey, and T. sodale Casey, new synonym, T. parvicolle Casey, new synonym, and T. repens Casey new synonym are placed in synonymy under T. harrisii. Tragosoma repens is a junior objective synonym of T ...


A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Konstantin Laufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Konstantin Laufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti

Konstantin Läufer

As sequencing technologies continue to drop in price and increase in throughput, new challenges emerge for the management and accessibility of genomic sequence data. We have developed a pipeline for facilitating the storage, retrieval, and subsequent analysis of molecular data, integrating both sequence and metadata. Taking a polyglot approach involving multiple languages, libraries, and persistence mechanisms, sequence data can be aggregated from publicly available and local repositories. Data are exposed in the form of a RESTful web service, formatted for easy querying, and retrieved for downstream analyses. As a proof of concept, we have developed a resource for annotated HIV-1 ...


Resin Monoterpene Defenses Decline Within Three Widespread Species Of Pine (Pinus) Along A 1530-M Elevational Gradient, Scott Ferrenberg, Joseph M. Langenhan, Jeffry B. Mitton 2017 New Mexico State University - Main Campus

Resin Monoterpene Defenses Decline Within Three Widespread Species Of Pine (Pinus) Along A 1530-M Elevational Gradient, Scott Ferrenberg, Joseph M. Langenhan, Jeffry B. Mitton

University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications

The elevational gradient in plant defense (EGPD) hypothesis posits that natural enemy pressures increase alongside temperature across elevational climatic gradients, thereby selecting for enhanced defenses at lower elevations while leaving plants less defended at higher elevations. Phylogenetically constrained tests of this hypothesis are uncommon, with tests focused on defenses of mature trees in natural settings being exceedingly rare. In the absence of this information, predicting the spatiotemporal dynamics of forest pests that preferentially attack mature trees is rendered more difficult. Tree properties such as age, growth rate, and size have all been correlated with levels of tree defenses against insect ...


The North American Quails, Partridges, And Pheasants, Paul A. Johnsgard 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The North American Quails, Partridges, And Pheasants, Paul A. Johnsgard

Zea E-Books

This book documents the biology of six species of New World quails that are native to North America north of Mexico (mountain, scaled, Gambel’s, California, and Montezuma quails, and the northern bobwhite), three introduced Old World partridges (chukar, Himalayan snowcock, and gray partridge), and the introduced common (ring-necked) pheasant. Collectively, quails, partridges, and pheasants range throughout all of the continental United States and the Canadian provinces. Two of the species, the northern bobwhite and ring-necked pheasant, are the most economically important of all North American upland game birds. All of the species are hunted extensively for sport and are ...


Modeling Vaccination Strategies To Control White-Nose Syndrome In Little Brown Bat Colonies, Eva Cornwell, David Elzinga, Shelby Stowe, Alex Capaldi 2017 St. Olaf College

Modeling Vaccination Strategies To Control White-Nose Syndrome In Little Brown Bat Colonies, Eva Cornwell, David Elzinga, Shelby Stowe, Alex Capaldi

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Co-Existence Of Microbial Ecology In A Chemostat Using A Robust Feedback, Hector Puebla, Mariana Rodriguez-Jara, Margarita M. Gonzalez-Brambila, Eliseo Hernandez-Martinez, Alejandra Velasco-Perez, Ennio Piceno-Diaz 2017 Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana

Co-Existence Of Microbial Ecology In A Chemostat Using A Robust Feedback, Hector Puebla, Mariana Rodriguez-Jara, Margarita M. Gonzalez-Brambila, Eliseo Hernandez-Martinez, Alejandra Velasco-Perez, Ennio Piceno-Diaz

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Turning Monitoring Data Into Simple Population Growth Models: Getting Your Ducks In A Row, Holly Gaff 2017 Old Dominion University

Turning Monitoring Data Into Simple Population Growth Models: Getting Your Ducks In A Row, Holly Gaff

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Model Selection And Permanence In A Stochastic Integrated Pest Management Model, Timothy Comar, Olcay Akman, Daniel Hrozencik 2017 Benedictine University

Model Selection And Permanence In A Stochastic Integrated Pest Management Model, Timothy Comar, Olcay Akman, Daniel Hrozencik

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Agent-Based Model For Integrated Pest Management With Periodic Control Strategies, Timothy Comar, Elizabeth Rodriguez 2017 Benedictine University

Agent-Based Model For Integrated Pest Management With Periodic Control Strategies, Timothy Comar, Elizabeth Rodriguez

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


The Behavior Response Of Antlion Larvae To Alternating Magnetic Fields, Lindsey Wagner, Caleb L. Adams 2017 Radford University

The Behavior Response Of Antlion Larvae To Alternating Magnetic Fields, Lindsey Wagner, Caleb L. Adams

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Handicap Principle Implies Emergence Of Dimorphic Ornaments, Sara Clifton, Daniel M. Abrams, Rosemary I. Braun 2017 Northwestern University

Handicap Principle Implies Emergence Of Dimorphic Ornaments, Sara Clifton, Daniel M. Abrams, Rosemary I. Braun

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Food Web Control And Synchronization Using A Robust Feedback, Hector Puebla, Mariana Rodriguez-Jara, Cesar S. Lopez-Monsalvo, Eliseo Hernandez-Martinez, Alejandra Velasco-Perez 2017 Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana

Food Web Control And Synchronization Using A Robust Feedback, Hector Puebla, Mariana Rodriguez-Jara, Cesar S. Lopez-Monsalvo, Eliseo Hernandez-Martinez, Alejandra Velasco-Perez

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Modeling Evolutionary Games Between Predators And Social Prey, Bill Mitchell 2017 Illinois State University

Modeling Evolutionary Games Between Predators And Social Prey, Bill Mitchell

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


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