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Development Of Genomic Resources For The Evaluation Of Red Snapper, An Emerging Species Candidate For Marine Aquaculture And Stock Enhancement, Adrienne Elise Norrell 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Development Of Genomic Resources For The Evaluation Of Red Snapper, An Emerging Species Candidate For Marine Aquaculture And Stock Enhancement, Adrienne Elise Norrell

Master's Theses

The northern red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus) is a highly targeted reef fish candidate for marine aquaculture and stock enhancement in the southern United States. This work aimed to develop genomic resources for the genetic management of aquaculture programs and to investigate population structure using high-throughput sequencing technologies. Eighty-four new microsatellite markers were developed through screening of Illumina paired-end sequencing reads. Microsatellite loci and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) generated through Restriction Site Associated DNA (RAD) sequencing were assayed in 5 outbred full-sib families to construct a high-density linkage map of the red snapper genome. The map consists of 7,964 markers ...


Effects Of Overwintering Conditions On Nesting Behavior Of Painted Turtles, Timothy Mitchell, Cecilia Hinsley, Fredric J. Janzen II 2016 Iowa State University

Effects Of Overwintering Conditions On Nesting Behavior Of Painted Turtles, Timothy Mitchell, Cecilia Hinsley, Fredric J. Janzen Ii

Fredric Janzen

For painted turtles (Chrysemys picta) and many other reptiles, the temperature experienced by developing eggs determines whether the embryo will become a male or a female. Animals with this temperaturedependent sex determination (TSD) are vulnerable to rapid climate change, as consistent, directional changes in climate may result in detrimental population sex-ratio shifts. Yet, many animals with TSD have persisted for millions of years, through many periods of global warming and cooling. How have these animals evolved to maintain healthy sex ratios, despite this apparent vulnerability?


The North American Grouse: Their Biology And Behavior, Paul A. Johnsgard 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The North American Grouse: Their Biology And Behavior, Paul A. Johnsgard

Zea E-Books

The ten currently recognized species of grouse in North America have played an important role in America’s history, from the famous but ill-fated heath hen, a primary source of meat for the earliest New England immigrants, to the ruffed grouse, currently one of the most abundant and soughtafter upland game birds in more than 40 states and provinces. This book summarizes the ecology, reproductive biology, and social behavior of all ten of the extant North American grouse species. It also describes the current status of grouse populations, some of which are perilously close to extinction. The social behavior of ...


Anticipating Elimination Of Mosquito-Borne Diseases, Suzanne M. O'Regan, Jonathan Lillie, John M. Drake 2016 National Institute of Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS)

Anticipating Elimination Of Mosquito-Borne Diseases, Suzanne M. O'Regan, Jonathan Lillie, John M. Drake

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Temperature Variation On Dengue Fever: A Model-Based Investigation, Michael A. Robert, Paula D. Weber, Rebecca C. Christofferson, Christopher N. Mores, Helen J. Wearing 2016 University of New Mexico

The Influence Of Temperature Variation On Dengue Fever: A Model-Based Investigation, Michael A. Robert, Paula D. Weber, Rebecca C. Christofferson, Christopher N. Mores, Helen J. Wearing

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Dynamics Of Two Pathogens In A Single Tick Population, Alexis White 2016 Old Dominion University

Dynamics Of Two Pathogens In A Single Tick Population, Alexis White

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Growth Dynamics For Pomacea Maculata, Lihong Zhao, Karyn L. Sutton, Jacoby Carter 2016 University of Louisiana at Lafayette

Growth Dynamics For Pomacea Maculata, Lihong Zhao, Karyn L. Sutton, Jacoby Carter

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Movement And Dynamics Of Norway Rats In An Urban Landscape, Rosalyn Rael, Caz Taylor 2016 Tulane University of Louisiana

Movement And Dynamics Of Norway Rats In An Urban Landscape, Rosalyn Rael, Caz Taylor

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Depression In Thermal Performance Of Age-Structured Spirodela Polyrhiza Due To The Presence Of Rhopalosiphum Nymphaeae, Mitchell Matis, Chad Brassil, Colby J. Tanner 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Depression In Thermal Performance Of Age-Structured Spirodela Polyrhiza Due To The Presence Of Rhopalosiphum Nymphaeae, Mitchell Matis, Chad Brassil, Colby J. Tanner

UCARE Research Products

Thermal performance curves are keys components of population ecology. We performed this study to determine the effects of aphids on duckweed age-structured models across temperature. Results show a depression in birth rates and maturation of rates of duckweed in the presence of aphids. Regression analysis shows that this depression in maturation and birth is directly proportional to aphid growth rates across temperatures. This hints of the idea of modeling duckweed and aphid growth via nested thermal performance curves.


The Joint Effect Of Phenotypic Variation And Temperature On Predator-Prey Interactions, Jean P. Gibert 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Joint Effect Of Phenotypic Variation And Temperature On Predator-Prey Interactions, Jean P. Gibert

Dissertations and Theses in Biological Sciences

Understanding the factors underpinning to food web structure and stability is a long-standing issue in ecology. This is particularly important in a context of global climate change, where rising environmental temperatures may impact the way species interact, potentially leading to changes in food web structure and to secondary extinctions resulting from cascading effects. In order to understand and predict these changes, we need to hone our comprehension on the way predators and their prey interact. Recent studies suggest that, in order to do so, we need to focus on the traits controlling those interactions, such as body size. Mean body ...


Population Size, Trend, And Immigration In A Tennessee Population Of Mediterranean Geckos (Hemidactylus Turcicus), Jacob L. Wessels 2016 University of Tennessee-Knoxville

Population Size, Trend, And Immigration In A Tennessee Population Of Mediterranean Geckos (Hemidactylus Turcicus), Jacob L. Wessels

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Insights Into The Introduction Histories And Population Genetic Dynamics Of The Nile Monitor (Varanus Niloticus) And Argentine Black And White Tegu (Salvator Merianae) In Florida., Jared Price Wood 2016 University of Louisville

Insights Into The Introduction Histories And Population Genetic Dynamics Of The Nile Monitor (Varanus Niloticus) And Argentine Black And White Tegu (Salvator Merianae) In Florida., Jared Price Wood

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the population genetic dynamics of two Florida invasives: the Nile monitor (Varanus niloticus) and Argentine black and white tegu (Salvator merianae). I also provide insights into the introduction histories of both species. This study was developed as part of a collaborative effort with the Florida Wildlife Commission to expand our knowledge of these highly detrimental, invasive lizards. All research activities involving animals and animal tissues were approved by the University of Louisville’s Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC Proposal #: 12024). I start with a brief introduction into what makes invasive species successful from a conservation ...


Fishery And Population Dynamics Of Mississippi’S Spotted Seatrout, David Arthur Dippold 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Fishery And Population Dynamics Of Mississippi’S Spotted Seatrout, David Arthur Dippold

Master's Theses

Spotted Seatrout (Cynoscion nebulosus) is the most popular recreational inshore fishery in Mississippi coastal waters. Because of the popularity of Spotted Seatrout in Mississippi as a recreational target and the magnitude of harvest, quantitative approaches to describe the population and fishery dynamics of the Mississippi stock are needed to continue the sustainability of the stock. Quantitative approaches to describing stock dynamics are useful because they can help describe population characteristics, assess the current status of the stock, and be used to evaluate alternative management strategies. In this thesis, I use a suite of quantitative methods to describe, evaluate, and assess ...


The Return Of The King Of The Kelp Forest: Distribution, Abundance, And Biomass Of Giant Sea Bass (Stereolepis Gigas) Off Santa Catalina Island, California, 2014-2015., Parker H. House, Brian L.F. Clark, Larry G. Allen 2016 California State University - Northridge

The Return Of The King Of The Kelp Forest: Distribution, Abundance, And Biomass Of Giant Sea Bass (Stereolepis Gigas) Off Santa Catalina Island, California, 2014-2015., Parker H. House, Brian L.F. Clark, Larry G. Allen

Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences

It is rare to find evidence of top predators recovering after being negatively affected by overfishing. However, recent findings suggest a nascent return of the critically endangered giant sea bass (Stereolepis gigas) to southern California. To provide the first population assessment of giant sea bass, surveys were conducted during the 2014/2015 summers off Santa Catalina Island, CA. Eight sites were surveyed on both the windward and leeward side of Santa Catalina Island every two weeks from June through August. Of the eight sites, three aggregations were identified at Goat Harbor, The V’s, and Little Harbor, CA. These three ...


Nudibranch Range Shifts Associated With The 2014 Warm Anomaly In The Northeast Pacific, Jeffrey HR Goddard, Nancy Treneman, William E. Pence, Douglas E. Mason, Phillip M. Dobry, Brenna Green, Craig Hoover 2016 University of California, Santa Barbara

Nudibranch Range Shifts Associated With The 2014 Warm Anomaly In The Northeast Pacific, Jeffrey Hr Goddard, Nancy Treneman, William E. Pence, Douglas E. Mason, Phillip M. Dobry, Brenna Green, Craig Hoover

Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences

Abstract.—The Northeast Pacific Ocean was anomalously warm in 2014, despite ENSO-neutral conditions in the tropical Pacific. We documented northern range shifts associated with this anomaly for 30 species of nudibranchs and other shallow-water, benthic heterobranch gastropods from southern California to southern Oregon. Nine of these (Placida cremoniana, Trapania velox, Doriopsilla fulva, Janolus anulatus, J. barbarensis, Flabellina cooperi, Anteaeolidiella chromosoma, A. oliviae, and Noumeaella rubrofasciata) were recorded from new northernmost localities, while the remainder were found at or near northern range limits established mainly during past El Niño events. All 30 species have planktotrophic larval development, and six were observed ...


Population And Morphological Changes In American Kestrels Through Space And Time, Teresa E. Ely 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Population And Morphological Changes In American Kestrels Through Space And Time, Teresa E. Ely

Dissertations and Theses in Biological Sciences

A once common raptor, the American kestrel (Falco sparverius) has experienced population declines in the last two decades throughout North America. Many hypotheses exist about the decline, including mortality from West Nile virus, rodenticide poisoning, climate change, an increase in predators, and core habitat loss or degradation, which could influence food availability. Food availability is key to raptor survival and reproduction, and changes in food availability throughout the year can have lifelong effects on size and body condition. Here we examine how morphology, specifically mass and wing chord, has changed at seven migration sites throughout North America as kestrel populations ...


Reef Fish Spatial Distribution And Benthic Habitat Associations On The Southeast Florida Reef Tract, Dana Fisco 2016 Nova Southeastern University

Reef Fish Spatial Distribution And Benthic Habitat Associations On The Southeast Florida Reef Tract, Dana Fisco

Theses and Dissertations

The Florida Reef Tract (FRT) extends from the tropical Caribbean up the southeast coast of Florida into a temperate environment where tropical reef assemblages diminish with increasing latitude. This study used data from a three-year comprehensive fishery-independent survey to quantify reef fish spatial distribution along the Southeast FRT and define where the assemblage shifts from tropical to temperate. A total of 1,676 reef fish visual census samples were conducted to assess the populations on a stratified-random selection of sites of marine hardbottom habitats between the Miami River and St. Lucie inlet. Multivariate analyses were used to investigate differences in ...


Acoustic Detection Reveals Fine-Scale Distributions Of Myotis Lucifugus, Myotis Septentrionalis, And Perimyotis Subflavus In Eastern Nebraska, Jeremy A. White, Cliff Lemen, Patricia Freeman 2016 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Acoustic Detection Reveals Fine-Scale Distributions Of Myotis Lucifugus, Myotis Septentrionalis, And Perimyotis Subflavus In Eastern Nebraska, Jeremy A. White, Cliff Lemen, Patricia Freeman

Papers in Natural Resources

ABSTRACT.—Before white-nose syndrome arrives in Nebraska, it is important to document the preexposure distributions of cave bats in the state. We examined the distributions of Myotis lucifugus (little brown myotis), Myotis septentrionalis (northern long-eared myotis), and Perimyotis subflavus (tri-colored bat) in eastern Nebraska by setting acoustic detectors for a single night at 105 sites in wooded habitats during summers of 2012 and 2014. We compared 2 methods of determining presence at each site. Results of our analyses are fine-scale distributional maps for these bats and some range extensions from published records. Results for M. septentrionalis and P. subflavus are ...


The Effect Of Climate On Population Dynamics Of Butterfly Species Across Southeastern Virginia, Morgan Nicole Thompson 2016 College of William and Mary

The Effect Of Climate On Population Dynamics Of Butterfly Species Across Southeastern Virginia, Morgan Nicole Thompson

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

Local climate affects the occurrence and turnover of butterfly populations in a variety of ways, demonstrating a need to explore these interactions in the face of climate change. This study aimed to investigate the influence of climate variation on the population dynamics of five butterfly species with differing life history traits (number of broods and overwintering strategy) and diet preference (sap vs. nectar). Detection/non-detection data were gathered for four consecutive years (2012-2015) across six annual surveys on 67 different sites. I used multi-season occupancy models to analyze the detection/non-detection data. Occupancy models estimate the probability that a species ...


Avifaunal Community Composition In A Tropical Forest Corridor: A Case Study From The Atherton Tableland, North Queensland, Don Jones 2016 SIT Graduate Institute - Study Abroad

Avifaunal Community Composition In A Tropical Forest Corridor: A Case Study From The Atherton Tableland, North Queensland, Don Jones

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Bird communities in tropical forest ecosystems are highly threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation. Replanted corridors connecting isolated forest remnants are a popular method of ameliorating certain negative impacts of habitat fragmentation. Such linkages can theoretically facilitate greater dispersal, increase gene flow, and reduce the risk of local extinctions in forest birds. However, relatively few studies have examined the utilization of reforested corridors by birds, and little hard data exists to support claims that this type of resource and time intensive project is the best use of often scarce funding for conservation. This study examined the avifaunal community present in ...


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