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Analyses Of Pig Genomes Provide Insight Into Porcine Demography And Evolution, Martien A. M. Groenen, Alan Archibald, Hirohide Uenishi, Christopher K. Tuggle, Yasuhiro Takeuchi, Max F. Rothschild, Claire Rogel-Gaillard, Chankyu Park, Denis Milan, Hendrik-Jan Megens, Shengting Li, Denis M. Larkin, Heebal Kim, Laurent A. F. Frantz, Mario Caccamo, Hyeonju Ahn, Bronwen L. Aken, Anna Anselmo, Christian Anthon, Loretta Auvil, Bouabid Badaoui, Craig W. Beattie, Christian Bendixen, Daniel Berman, Frank Blecha, Jonas Blomberg, Lars Bolund, Mirte Bosse, Sara Botti, Zhan Bujie, Megan Bystrom, Boris Capitanu, Denise Carvalho-Silva, Patrick Chardon, Celine Chen, Ryan Cheng, Sang-Haeng Choi, William Chow, Richard C. Clark, Christopher Clee, Richard P. M. A. Crooijmans, Harry D. Dawson, Patrice Dehais, Fioravante De Sapio, Bert Dibbets, Nizar Drou, Zhi-Qiang Du, Kellye Eversole, Joao Fadista, Susan Fairley, Thomas Faraut, Geoffrey J. Faulkner, Katie E. Fowler, Merete Fredholm, Eric Fritz, James G. R. Gilbert, Elisabetta Giuffra, Jan Gorodkin, Darren K. Griffin, Jennifer L. Harrow, Alexander Hayward, Kerstin Howe, Zhiliang Hu, Sean J. Humphray, Toby Hunt, Henrik Hornshoj, Jin-Tae Jeon, Patric Jern, Matthew Jones, Jerzy Jurka, Hiroyuki Kanamori, Ronan Kapetanovic, Jaebum Kim, Jae-Hwan Kim, Kyu-Won Kim, Tae-Hun Kim, Greger Larson, Kyooyeol Lee, Kyung-Tai Lee, Richard Leggett, Harris A. Lewin, Yingrui Li, Wansheng Liu, Jane E. Loveland, Yao Lu, Joan K. Lunney, Jian Ma, Ole Madsen, Katherine Mann, Lucy Matthews, Stuart McLaren, Takeya Morozumi, Michael P. Murtaugh, Jitendra Narayan, Dinh Truong Nguyen, Peixiang Ni, Song-Jung Oh, Suneel K. Onteru, Frank Panitz, Eung-Woo Park, Hong-Seog Park, Geraldine Pascal, Yogesh Paudel, Miguel Perez-Enciso, Ricardo Ramirez-Gonzalez, James M. Reecy, Sandra Rodriguez-Zas, Gary A. Rohrer, Lauretta Rund, Yongming Sang, Kyle Schachtschneider, Joshua G. Schraiber, John Schwartz, Linda Scobie, Carol Scott, Stephen M. Searle, Bertrand Servin, Bruce R. Southey, Goran Sperber, Peter F. Stadler, Jonathan V. Sweedler, Hakim Tafer, Bo Thomsen, Rashmi Wali, Jian Wang, Jun Wang, Simon White, Xun Xu, Martine Yerle, Guojie Zhang, Jianguo Zhang, Jie Zhang, Shuhong Zhao, Jane Rogers, Carol Churcher, Lawrence B. Schook 2017 Wageningen University

Analyses Of Pig Genomes Provide Insight Into Porcine Demography And Evolution, Martien A. M. Groenen, Alan Archibald, Hirohide Uenishi, Christopher K. Tuggle, Yasuhiro Takeuchi, Max F. Rothschild, Claire Rogel-Gaillard, Chankyu Park, Denis Milan, Hendrik-Jan Megens, Shengting Li, Denis M. Larkin, Heebal Kim, Laurent A. F. Frantz, Mario Caccamo, Hyeonju Ahn, Bronwen L. Aken, Anna Anselmo, Christian Anthon, Loretta Auvil, Bouabid Badaoui, Craig W. Beattie, Christian Bendixen, Daniel Berman, Frank Blecha, Jonas Blomberg, Lars Bolund, Mirte Bosse, Sara Botti, Zhan Bujie, Megan Bystrom, Boris Capitanu, Denise Carvalho-Silva, Patrick Chardon, Celine Chen, Ryan Cheng, Sang-Haeng Choi, William Chow, Richard C. Clark, Christopher Clee, Richard P. M. A. Crooijmans, Harry D. Dawson, Patrice Dehais, Fioravante De Sapio, Bert Dibbets, Nizar Drou, Zhi-Qiang Du, Kellye Eversole, Joao Fadista, Susan Fairley, Thomas Faraut, Geoffrey J. Faulkner, Katie E. Fowler, Merete Fredholm, Eric Fritz, James G. R. Gilbert, Elisabetta Giuffra, Jan Gorodkin, Darren K. Griffin, Jennifer L. Harrow, Alexander Hayward, Kerstin Howe, Zhiliang Hu, Sean J. Humphray, Toby Hunt, Henrik Hornshoj, Jin-Tae Jeon, Patric Jern, Matthew Jones, Jerzy Jurka, Hiroyuki Kanamori, Ronan Kapetanovic, Jaebum Kim, Jae-Hwan Kim, Kyu-Won Kim, Tae-Hun Kim, Greger Larson, Kyooyeol Lee, Kyung-Tai Lee, Richard Leggett, Harris A. Lewin, Yingrui Li, Wansheng Liu, Jane E. Loveland, Yao Lu, Joan K. Lunney, Jian Ma, Ole Madsen, Katherine Mann, Lucy Matthews, Stuart Mclaren, Takeya Morozumi, Michael P. Murtaugh, Jitendra Narayan, Dinh Truong Nguyen, Peixiang Ni, Song-Jung Oh, Suneel K. Onteru, Frank Panitz, Eung-Woo Park, Hong-Seog Park, Geraldine Pascal, Yogesh Paudel, Miguel Perez-Enciso, Ricardo Ramirez-Gonzalez, James M. Reecy, Sandra Rodriguez-Zas, Gary A. Rohrer, Lauretta Rund, Yongming Sang, Kyle Schachtschneider, Joshua G. Schraiber, John Schwartz, Linda Scobie, Carol Scott, Stephen M. Searle, Bertrand Servin, Bruce R. Southey, Goran Sperber, Peter F. Stadler, Jonathan V. Sweedler, Hakim Tafer, Bo Thomsen, Rashmi Wali, Jian Wang, Jun Wang, Simon White, Xun Xu, Martine Yerle, Guojie Zhang, Jianguo Zhang, Jie Zhang, Shuhong Zhao, Jane Rogers, Carol Churcher, Lawrence B. Schook

James M Reecy

For 10,000 years pigs and humans have shared a close and complex relationship. From domestication to modern breeding practices, humans have shaped the genomes of domestic pigs. Here we present the assembly and analysis of the genome sequence of a female domestic Duroc pig (Sus scrofa) and a comparison with the genomes of wild and domestic pigs from Europe and Asia. Wild pigs emerged in South East Asia and subsequently spread across Eurasia. Our results reveal a deep phylogenetic split between European and Asian wild boars ~1 million years ago, and a selective sweep analysis indicates selection on genes ...


Assessing And Mitigating The Environmental Impacts Of Shipping In The Arctic, Lilitha Pongolini, Jonas Pålsson, Jennie Folkunger, Jennie Larsson, Anne Bouyssou, Lawrence Hildebrand, Neil Bellefontaine 2017 World Maritime University

Assessing And Mitigating The Environmental Impacts Of Shipping In The Arctic, Lilitha Pongolini, Jonas Pålsson, Jennie Folkunger, Jennie Larsson, Anne Bouyssou, Lawrence Hildebrand, Neil Bellefontaine

Assessing and mitigating the environmental impacts of shipping in the Arctic

Report by World Maritime University for the Total Foundation project "Assessing and mitigating the environmental impacts of shipping in the Arctic - Focus on the introduction of invasive species and pathogens".


Microananteroides Mariachiarae Rossi Et Lourenço, 2015 Is A Junior Synonym Of Akentrobuthus Atakora Vignoli Et Prendini, 2008 (Scorpiones: Buthidae), František Kovařík, Rolando Teruel, Graeme Lowe 2017 Museo de Historia Natural “Tomás Romay”

Microananteroides Mariachiarae Rossi Et Lourenço, 2015 Is A Junior Synonym Of Akentrobuthus Atakora Vignoli Et Prendini, 2008 (Scorpiones: Buthidae), František Kovařík, Rolando Teruel, Graeme Lowe

Euscorpius

The African monotypic scorpion genus Microananteroides Rossi et Lourenço, 2015 and its single species M. mariachiarae Rossi et Lourenço, 2015, from Ghana, are herein demonstrated to be junior synonyms, respectively, of Akentrobuthus Lamoral, 1976 and A. atakora Vignoli et Prendini, 2008 from neighboring Benin. We provide detailed high-resolution color photographs of the holotype of M. mariachiarae and further show its real tri-chobothrial pattern, which was incorrectly depicted in the original description.


Nitrogen Addition And Ecosystem Functioning: Changes In Species Composition Leaf Traits Amplify Increases In Leaf Area Index And Canopy Chlorophyll, Anna R. Tatarko 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nitrogen Addition And Ecosystem Functioning: Changes In Species Composition Leaf Traits Amplify Increases In Leaf Area Index And Canopy Chlorophyll, Anna R. Tatarko

Dissertations and Theses in Biological Sciences

Increased nutrient inputs can cause shifts in plant community composition and plant functional traits, both of which affect ecosystem function. We studied community- and species-level changes in specific leaf area (SLA), chlorophyll, leaf thickness, leaf toughness, plant height and leaf dry matter content (LDMC) in a full factorial nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K) fertilization experiment in a semi-arid grassland. Nitrogen was the only nutrient addition to significantly affect leaf functional traits, and N addition increased community weighted SLA by 19%, leaf chlorophyll content by 34%, height by 26%, and resulted in an 11% decrease in LDMC while leaf thickness ...


Complements To The Taxonomy Of Some Amazonian Scorpions (Scorpiones: Buthidae), Rolando Teruel, František Kovařík, Graeme Lowe, Stefan Friedrich 2017 Museo de Historia Natural “Tomás Romay”

Complements To The Taxonomy Of Some Amazonian Scorpions (Scorpiones: Buthidae), Rolando Teruel, František Kovařík, Graeme Lowe, Stefan Friedrich

Euscorpius

We describe and illustrate in detail the previously unknown adult male of Ananteris ashaninka Kovařík, Teruel, Lowe et Friedrich, 2015, based upon a specimen recently captured at the type locality. In addition, the taxonomic status of three Amazonian species of the genus Tityus C. L. Koch, 1836, is reevaluated and all are restored from unjustified synonymies: Tityus carolineae Kovařík, Teruel, Cozijn et Seiter, 2013, Tityus dillerorum Kovařík, Teruel, Lowe et Friedrich, 2015, and Tityus wachteli Kovařík, Teruel, Lowe et Friedrich, 2015.


Ecology, Evolution, And Sexual Selection In The Invasive, Globally Distributed Small Indian Mongoose (Urva Auropunctata), M. Aaron Owen 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Ecology, Evolution, And Sexual Selection In The Invasive, Globally Distributed Small Indian Mongoose (Urva Auropunctata), M. Aaron Owen

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Introduced species provide rare opportunities to test evolutionary hypotheses in situ by creating so-called natural experiments. Natural experiments are situations in nature that resemble laboratory studies by allowing for comparisons of a “control” group (i.e., a species’ native range) with “experimental” groups (i.e., a species’ introduced range). In particular, introduced animals allow us to investigate evolutionary dynamics in complex, long-lived organisms in ways that would otherwise be impossible in a laboratory setting. One such introduced animal is the small Indian mongoose (Urva auropunctata, formerly Herpestes auropunctatus). Native to South Asia, the small Indian mongoose’s introduction to more ...


Seeding Method Influences Warm-Season Grass Abundance And Distribution But Not Local Diversity In Grassland Restoration, Kathryn A. Yurkonis, Brian J. Wilsey, Kirk A. Moloney, Pauline Drobney, Diane L. Larson 2017 Iowa State University

Seeding Method Influences Warm-Season Grass Abundance And Distribution But Not Local Diversity In Grassland Restoration, Kathryn A. Yurkonis, Brian J. Wilsey, Kirk A. Moloney, Pauline Drobney, Diane L. Larson

Brian J. Wilsey

Ecological theory predicts that the arrangement of seedlings in newly restored communities may influence future species diversity and composition. We test the prediction that smaller distances between neighboring seeds in drill seeded grassland plantings would result in lower species diversity, greater weed abundance, and larger conspecific patch sizes than otherwise similar broadcast seeded plantings. A diverse grassland seed mix was either drill seeded, which places seeds in equally spaced rows, or broadcast seeded, which spreads seeds across the ground surface, into 24 plots in each of three sites in 2005. In summer 2007, we measured species abundance in a 1 ...


Molecular Evolution And Phylogeography Of Mitochondrial Dna Cytochrome B Gene In Southern California Santa Ana Speckled Dace (Rhinichthys Osculus), Pia Marie VanMeter 2017 California State University - San Bernardino

Molecular Evolution And Phylogeography Of Mitochondrial Dna Cytochrome B Gene In Southern California Santa Ana Speckled Dace (Rhinichthys Osculus), Pia Marie Vanmeter

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

In this study, I sequenced the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to elucidate the extent and pattern of genetic variations among and within populations of Rhinichthys osculus (Santa Ana Speckled Dace) found in the different watersheds in Southern California, Central California Coast and Eastern California Desert. I described and analyzed the structural characteristics and pattern of base sequence substitutions in the cytochrome b gene to understand the molecular evolution of the gene. The Phylogenetic analyses showed that the Southern California Santa Ana Speckled dace is a distinct population from the Central California Coast dace population and Eastern California Desert dace population ...


The Santa Ana Speckled Dace (Rhinichthys Osculus): Phylogeography And Molecular Evolution Of The Mitochondrial Dna Control Region, James Jay VanMeter 2017 California State University San Bernardino

The Santa Ana Speckled Dace (Rhinichthys Osculus): Phylogeography And Molecular Evolution Of The Mitochondrial Dna Control Region, James Jay Vanmeter

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The purpose of this genetic study of the Santa Ana Speckled Dace Rhinichthys osculus was three-fold. The first goal was to characterize the molecular structure of the mtDNA control region of R. osculus. An 1143 base-pair region of the mitochondrial DNA genome, which included the complete control region was sequenced for all individuals. Analysis of the sequence data revealed that the molecular structure of the speckled dace control region was similar to the molecular structure described for other vertebrate taxa. The speckled dace control region contains three major domains, which vary in base frequency as well as in the frequency ...


Hypericum Irazuense Kuntze Ex N. Robson In The Buenavista And Chirripó Páramos Of Costa Rica: Photographs Of Stem Cross Sections, Plants, And Study Sites, Sally P Horn, Matthew T. Kerr 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Hypericum Irazuense Kuntze Ex N. Robson In The Buenavista And Chirripó Páramos Of Costa Rica: Photographs Of Stem Cross Sections, Plants, And Study Sites, Sally P Horn, Matthew T. Kerr

Geography Publications and Other Works

Hypericum irazuense Kuntze ex N. Robson is a common shrub in the high-elevation páramos that occur above treeline on the high peaks of the Cordillera de Talamanca in Costa Rica and westernmost Panama. In this report and accompanying high-resolution images we make available photographs of stem cross sections, plants, and habitats of H. irazuense in support of a recent study of the dendrochronological potential of the species (Kerr et al., forthcoming paper in Physical Geography) and other research on this plant and the páramo vegetation in which it occurs. We also include images from the Google EarthTM map server ...


The Off Season: Masculinities, Rurality, And Family Ties In Alaska Commercial Fishing, Cruz Morey 2017 Linfield College

The Off Season: Masculinities, Rurality, And Family Ties In Alaska Commercial Fishing, Cruz Morey

Senior Theses

This study explores the intersections of masculinity, rurality, the family, and ecology through the experiences of commercial fishermen in Alaska. By understanding the plurality of masculinities and how men operate within a rural space, this study investigates the relationship between the masculine rural and the rural masculine and how that relationship pertains to commercial fishermen. This study examines existing discourse about Alaska and the masculinity of commercial fishermen in light of the concepts of cultural and economic capital, as well as local ecological knowledge (LEK). It further examines how fishermen describe their experiences in the industry as ones that are ...


Notes On The Tiger Beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Cicindelinae) Of Brunei Darussalam. 137. Contribution Towards The Knowledge Of Cicindelinae, Claas Damken, Jürgen Wiesner, Rodzay Abdul Wahab 2017 Dunedin, New Zealand

Notes On The Tiger Beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Cicindelinae) Of Brunei Darussalam. 137. Contribution Towards The Knowledge Of Cicindelinae, Claas Damken, Jürgen Wiesner, Rodzay Abdul Wahab

Insecta Mundi

Distributional records of the 30 tiger beetle species and subspecies (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Cicindelinae) known for Brunei Darussalam are given together with habitus photos for 21 species. Neocollyris (Neocollyris) labiomaculata (Horn, 1892), Neocollyris (Neocollyris) emarginata (Dejean, 1825), Therates spectabilis fl avissimus Brouerius van Nidek, 1957, Heptodonta analis s. str. (Fabricius, 1801), Cosmodela velata (Bates, 1872), Lophyra (s. str.) fuliginosa (Dejean, 1826), Cylindera (Leptinomera) fi ligera (Bates, 1878), Myriochila (s. str.) specularis brevipennis (Horn, 1897), Abroscelis tenuipes araneipes (Schaum, 1863) and Callytron doriai (Horn, 1897) are reported for the first time for the Sultanate.


Notes On Oak-Infesting Species Of Scale Insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) In Korea, Soo-Jung Suh, Ah-Ram Son 2017 Animal, Plant and Fisheries Quarantine and Inspection Agency, Busan, KOREA

Notes On Oak-Infesting Species Of Scale Insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) In Korea, Soo-Jung Suh, Ah-Ram Son

Insecta Mundi

Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) were collected on oak trees (Quercus spp.; Fagaceae) in Korea and identified as Asterodiaspis luteola (Russell) (Asterolecaniidae) and Nidularia japonica (Kuwana) (Kermesidae), which are newly documented in the Korean fauna of scale insects. Characteristics of these species are briefly given and illustrative photographs and information on their distribution and hosts are provided.


First Record Of The Enigmatic Tribe Anaeomorphini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Charaxinae) Outside Of The Amazon Basin: A New Species Of Anaeomorpha Rothschild, 1894, From The Chocó Region Of Western Ecuador, Keith R. Willmott, Mark J. Simon, Elena Ortiz-Acevedo, Jason P. W. Hall 2017 Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida

First Record Of The Enigmatic Tribe Anaeomorphini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Charaxinae) Outside Of The Amazon Basin: A New Species Of Anaeomorpha Rothschild, 1894, From The Chocó Region Of Western Ecuador, Keith R. Willmott, Mark J. Simon, Elena Ortiz-Acevedo, Jason P. W. Hall

Insecta Mundi

We describe a new butterfl y species, Anaeomorpha mirifica Simon and Willmott, n. sp. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Charaxinae), from premontane rain forest of the Chocó region of northwestern Ecuador. This represents the second known species and the first record outside of the Amazon basin for this taxonomically and biologically enigmatic genus. Although the two species are not known to be sympatric, we identified 21 characters in the external color pattern, wing shape and male genitalia that together support distinct species status. Most notably, the new species possesses an ocellus in the ventral hind wing tornus, a character which occurs in the ...


Evolvability: What Is It And How Do We Get It?, Matthew Moreno 2017 University of Puget Sound

Evolvability: What Is It And How Do We Get It?, Matthew Moreno

Honors Program Theses

Biological organisms exhibit spectacular adaptation to their environments. However, another marvel of biology lurks behind the adaptive traits that organisms exhibit over the course of their lifespans: it is hypothesized that biological organisms also exhibit adaptation to the evolutionary process itself. That is, biological organisms are thought to possess traits that facilitate evolution. The term evolvability was coined to describe this type of adaptation. The question of evolvability has special practical relevance to computer science researchers engaged in longstanding efforts to harness evolution as an algorithm for automated design. It is hoped that a more nuanced understanding of biological evolution ...


Long-Term Records Of Climate-Induced Changes In The Zooplankton Of West-Greenland Lakes, Helen Schlimm 2017 Dickinson College

Long-Term Records Of Climate-Induced Changes In The Zooplankton Of West-Greenland Lakes, Helen Schlimm

Student Honors Theses By Year

Recent research documents climate-induced changes in the algal communities of West Greenland lakes; however, less is known about the response of zooplankton to climate change effects in this region. Zooplankton are predominantly the top predator in these lakes, and thus may be changing due to direct climate effects on physical lake habitat and chemistry or indirect effects on their food source. Cladoceran remains from two lake sediment cores were collected in the Kangerlussuaq region of southwest Greenland: SS1341, located midway between the Greenland ice sheet and the coast, and SS901, close in proximity to the ice sheet. Modern zooplankton data ...


Adaptive Therapy: Modeling Evolutionary Principles In Anticancer Therapy, Jeffrey B. West 2017 University of Southern California

Adaptive Therapy: Modeling Evolutionary Principles In Anticancer Therapy, Jeffrey B. West

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of Wildlife Monitoring Techniques In Riparian Ecosystems Of The Western United States, Shelan Zuhdi 2017 University of San Francisco

A Comparison Of Wildlife Monitoring Techniques In Riparian Ecosystems Of The Western United States, Shelan Zuhdi

Master's Projects and Capstones

Many riparian restoration projects in the western United States have not implemented monitoring plans. This lack of wildlife monitoring has resulted in a loss riparian ecosystem services and missed opportunities to conserve them. Data collected from wildlife monitoring assists researchers, policymakers, and stakeholders in efficiently allocating time and resources to improve the effectiveness of resource management. This paper discusses the level of feasibility and practicality as a sum of the benefits, limitations, and financial costs for each of the following mammal and avian monitoring methods: wildlife camera trapping, GPS devices, mark-recapture, fecal DNA surveying, circular plot point counts, mist-net transects ...


Understanding The Complex Relationships Between Climate, Vegetation, And Foraging Behavior Of A Climate-Sensitive Alpine Mammal In Order To Explain Patterns Of Persistence, Evan Cole 2017 University of San Francisco

Understanding The Complex Relationships Between Climate, Vegetation, And Foraging Behavior Of A Climate-Sensitive Alpine Mammal In Order To Explain Patterns Of Persistence, Evan Cole

Master's Projects and Capstones

Mountain ecosystems offer substantial ecosystem services but are highly sensitive to climate change. The American pika (Ochotona princeps) serves as an indicator species of climate change and a model organism for studying its impacts on mountain mammals. Certain aspects of plant community composition and structure can function as predictors of pika distribution, but understanding the links between climate, forage quality, and foraging behavior is necessary to identify the mediating mechanism. Pika foraging pressure help shape the local plant community, which can confound modeling efforts and must be considered when evaluating the influence of vegetation on pika persistence. Plant Secondary Metabolites ...


Size-Dependent Patterns Of Reproductive Investment In The North American Invasive Plant Species Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small (Euphorbiaceae), Courtney H. Babin 2017 University of New Orleans

Size-Dependent Patterns Of Reproductive Investment In The North American Invasive Plant Species Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small (Euphorbiaceae), Courtney H. Babin

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Knowledge of sex allocation trade-offs with tree growth in insect-pollinated woody plants is limited, particularly in invasive plants. This study examined patterns of growth and reproductive investment in a North American invasive plant species, Triadica sebifera, I hypothesized that the energy limitations of smaller trees may result in the production of more male reproductive structures that are energetically less costly. Diameter at breast height was a significant predictor of seed and catkin mass and regression can describe these relationships across sites. Seed and catkin mass were positively correlated across sites. The relationship between the seed mass:catkin mass ratio and ...


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