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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Narrow-Band Search For Gravitational Waves From Known Pulsars Using The Second Ligo Observing Run, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Jun 2019

Narrow-Band Search For Gravitational Waves From Known Pulsars Using The Second Ligo Observing Run, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Isolated spinning neutron stars, asymmetric with respect to their rotation axis, are expected to be sources of continuous gravitational waves. The most sensitive searches for these sources are based on accurate matched filtering techniques that assume the continuous wave to be phase locked with the pulsar beamed emission. While matched filtering maximizes the search sensitivity, a significant signal-to-noise ratio loss will happen in the case of a mismatch between the assumed and the true signal phase evolution. Narrow-band algorithms allow for a small mismatch in the frequency and spin-down values of the pulsar while coherently integrating the entire dataset. In ...


Few-Body Dynamics Underlying Postcollision Effects In The Ionization Of H₂ By 75-Kev Proton Impact, M. Dhital, S. Bastola, A. Silvus, Don H. Madison, Michael Schulz Jun 2019

Few-Body Dynamics Underlying Postcollision Effects In The Ionization Of H₂ By 75-Kev Proton Impact, M. Dhital, S. Bastola, A. Silvus, Don H. Madison, Michael Schulz

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have measured fully differential cross sections (FDCS) for ionization in 75-keVp+H2 collisions for ejected electron speeds close to the projectile speed. The data were analyzed in dependence on both the electron emission angle and the projectile scattering angle. Pronounced postcollisional effects between the projectile and the ejected electrons were observed. Significant differences between experiment and theory and between two conceptually very similar theoretical models were found. This shows that in the region of electron-projectile velocity-matching the FDCS is very sensitive to the details of the underlying few-body dynamics.


Impact Of Anharmonicity On The Vibrational Entropy And Specific Heat Of Uo₂, M. S. Bryan, J. W. L. Pang, B. C. Larson, Aleksandr V. Chernatynskiy, D. L. Abernathy, K. Gofryk, M. E. Manley, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Jun 2019

Impact Of Anharmonicity On The Vibrational Entropy And Specific Heat Of Uo₂, M. S. Bryan, J. W. L. Pang, B. C. Larson, Aleksandr V. Chernatynskiy, D. L. Abernathy, K. Gofryk, M. E. Manley, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The impact of anharmonicity on the vibrational entropy and heat capacity of UO2 has been investigated from 10 to 1200 K using inelastic neutron-scattering measurements of the phonon density of states (PDOS). Small changes in the PDOS are observed from 10 to 295 K, with more noticeable changes appearing in the 750- and 1200-K data. The specific heat determined from the PDOS measurements is in agreement with macroscopic specific heat measurements, and the overall impact of nondilation anharmonicity on the specific heat has been shown to be less than 2%. An analysis of the phonon measurements shows that the softening ...


All-Sky Search For Long-Duration Gravitational-Wave Transients In The Second Advanced Ligo Observing Run, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. May 2019

All-Sky Search For Long-Duration Gravitational-Wave Transients In The Second Advanced Ligo Observing Run, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present the results of a search for long-duration gravitational-wave transients in the data from the Advanced LIGO second observation run; we search for gravitational-wave transients of 2-500 s duration in the 24-2048 Hz frequency band with minimal assumptions about signal properties such as waveform morphologies, polarization, sky location or time of occurrence. Signal families covered by these search algorithms include fallback accretion onto neutron stars, broadband chirps from innermost stable circular orbit waves around rotating black holes, eccentric inspiral-merger-ringdown compact binary coalescence waveforms, and other models. The second observation run totals about 118.3 days of coincident data between ...


Tests Of General Relativity With Gw170817, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. May 2019

Tests Of General Relativity With Gw170817, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The recent discovery by Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo of a gravitational wave signal from a binary neutron star inspiral has enabled tests of general relativity (GR) with this new type of source. This source, for the first time, permits tests of strong-field dynamics of compact binaries in the presence of matter. In this Letter, we place constraints on the dipole radiation and possible deviations from GR in the post-Newtonian coefficients that govern the inspiral regime. Bounds on modified dispersion of gravitational waves are obtained; in combination with information from the observed electromagnetic counterpart we can also constrain effects due ...


Transverse Localization Of Transmission Eigenchannels, Hasan Yılmaz, Chia Wei Hsu, Alexey Yamilov, Hui Cao May 2019

Transverse Localization Of Transmission Eigenchannels, Hasan Yılmaz, Chia Wei Hsu, Alexey Yamilov, Hui Cao

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Transmission eigenchannels are building blocks of coherent wave transport in diffusive media, and selective excitation of individual eigenchannels can lead to diverse transport behaviour. An essential yet poorly understood property is the transverse spatial profile of each eigenchannel, which is relevant for the associated energy density and critical for coupling light into and out of it. Here, we discover that the transmission eigenchannels of a disordered slab possess exponentially localized incident and outgoing profiles, even in the diffusive regime far from Anderson localization. Such transverse localization arises from a combination of reciprocity, local coupling of spatial modes and non-local correlations ...


Triple Differential Cross Sections For Electron-Impact Ionization Of Methane At Intermediate Energy, Esam Ali, Carlos Granados, Ahmad Sakaamini, Don H. Madison May 2019

Triple Differential Cross Sections For Electron-Impact Ionization Of Methane At Intermediate Energy, Esam Ali, Carlos Granados, Ahmad Sakaamini, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report an experimental and theoretical investigation of electron-impact single ionization of the highest occupied molecular orbital 1t2 and the next highest occupied molecular orbital 2a1 states of CH4 at an incident electron energy of 250 eV. Triple differential cross sections measured in two different laboratories were compared with results calculated within the molecular 3-body distorted wave and generalized Sturmian function theoretical models. For ionization of the 1t2 state, the binary peak was observed to have a single maximum near the momentum transfer direction that evolved into a double peak for increasing projectile scattering angles, as ...


Low-Latency Gravitational-Wave Alerts For Multimessenger Astronomy During The Second Advanced Ligo And Virgo Observing Run, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Apr 2019

Low-Latency Gravitational-Wave Alerts For Multimessenger Astronomy During The Second Advanced Ligo And Virgo Observing Run, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Advanced LIGO's second observing run (O2), conducted from 2016 November 30 to 2017 August 25, combined with Advanced Virgo's first observations in 2017 August, witnessed the birth of gravitational-wave multimessenger astronomy. The first ever gravitational-wave detection from the coalescence of two neutron stars, GW170817, and its gamma-ray counterpart, GRB 170817A, led to an electromagnetic follow-up of the event at an unprecedented scale. Several teams from across the world searched for EM/neutrino counterparts to GW170817, paving the way for the discovery of optical, X-ray, and radio counterparts. In this article, we describe the online identification of gravitational-wave transients ...


Integer Quantum Hall Transition On A Tight-Binding Lattice, Martin Puschmann, Philipp Cain, Michael Schreiber, Thomas Vojta Mar 2019

Integer Quantum Hall Transition On A Tight-Binding Lattice, Martin Puschmann, Philipp Cain, Michael Schreiber, Thomas Vojta

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Even though the integer quantum Hall transition has been investigated for nearly four decades its critical behavior remains a puzzle. The best theoretical and experimental results for the localization length exponent ν differ significantly from each other, casting doubt on our fundamental understanding. While this discrepancy is often attributed to long-range Coulomb interactions, Gruzberg et al. [Phys. Rev. B 95, 125414 (2017)10.1103/PhysRevB.95.125414] recently suggested that the semiclassical Chalker-Coddington model, widely employed in numerical simulations, is incomplete, questioning the established central theoretical results. To shed light on the controversy, we perform a high-accuracy study of the ...


Low Energy Electron And Positron Impact Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Water Molecules In The Coplanar And Perpendicular Kinematics, P. Singh, G. Purohit, C. Champion, D. Sebilleau, Don H. Madison Feb 2019

Low Energy Electron And Positron Impact Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Water Molecules In The Coplanar And Perpendicular Kinematics, P. Singh, G. Purohit, C. Champion, D. Sebilleau, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report here triply differential cross sections (TDCSs) for 81 eV electron and positron-impact ionization of the combined (1b1 + 3a1 ) orbitals of the water molecule by using the second-order distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA2) for ejection electron and positron energies of 5 eV and 10 eV and different momentum transfer conditions. The electron-impact TDCS will be compared with the experimental data measured by Ren et al. [Phys. Rev. A 95, 022701 (2017)] and with the molecular 3-body distorted wave (M3DW) approximation results in the scattering plane as well as the perpendicular plane. The DWBA2 results are in better ...


Constraining The P-Mode-G-Mode Tidal Instability With Gw170817, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Feb 2019

Constraining The P-Mode-G-Mode Tidal Instability With Gw170817, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We analyze the impact of a proposed tidal instability coupling p modes and g modes within neutron stars on GW170817. This nonresonant instability transfers energy from the orbit of the binary to internal modes of the stars, accelerating the gravitational-wave driven inspiral. We model the impact of this instability on the phasing of the gravitational wave signal using three parameters per star: An overall amplitude, a saturation frequency, and a spectral index. Incorporating these additional parameters, we compute the Bayes factor (ln Bpg!pg) comparing our p-g model to a standard one. We find that the observed signal is ...


Fractional Brownian Motion In A Finite Interval: Correlations Effect Depletion Or Accretion Zones Of Particles Near Boundaries, T. Guggenberger, G. Pagnini, Thomas Vojta, R. Metzler Feb 2019

Fractional Brownian Motion In A Finite Interval: Correlations Effect Depletion Or Accretion Zones Of Particles Near Boundaries, T. Guggenberger, G. Pagnini, Thomas Vojta, R. Metzler

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Fractional Brownian motion (FBM) is a Gaussian stochastic process with stationary, long-time correlated increments and is frequently used to model anomalous diffusion processes. We study numerically FBM confined to a finite interval with reflecting boundary conditions. The probability density function of this reflected FBM at long times converges to a stationary distribution showing distinct deviations from the fully flat distribution of amplitude 1/L in an interval of length L found for reflected normal Brownian motion. While for superdiffusion, corresponding to a mean squared displacement (MSD) ⟨X2(t)⟩ ≃ tα with 1 < α < 2, the probability density function is lowered in the centre of the interval and rises towards the boundaries, for subdiffusion (0 < α < 1) this behaviour is reversed and the particle density is depleted close to the boundaries. The MSD in these cases at long times converges to a stationary value, which is, remarkably, monotonically increasing with the anomalous diffusion exponent α. Our a priori surprising results may have interesting ...


Infinite-Randomness Fixed Point Of The Quantum Superconductor-Metal Transitions In Amorphous Thin Films, Nicholas A. Lewellyn, Ilana M. Percher, J. J. Nelson, Javier Garcia-Barriocanal, Irina Volotsenko, Aviad Frydman, Thomas Vojta, Allen M. Goldman Feb 2019

Infinite-Randomness Fixed Point Of The Quantum Superconductor-Metal Transitions In Amorphous Thin Films, Nicholas A. Lewellyn, Ilana M. Percher, J. J. Nelson, Javier Garcia-Barriocanal, Irina Volotsenko, Aviad Frydman, Thomas Vojta, Allen M. Goldman

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The magnetic-field-tuned quantum superconductor-insulator transitions of disordered amorphous indium oxide films are a paradigm in the study of quantum phase transitions and exhibit power-law scaling behavior. For superconducting indium oxide films with low disorder, such as the ones reported on here, the high-field state appears to be a quantum-corrected metal. Resistance data across the superconductor-metal transition in these films are shown here to obey an activated scaling form appropriate to a quantum phase transition controlled by an infinite-randomness fixed point in the universality class of the random transverse-field Ising model. Collapse of the field-dependent resistance vs temperature data is obtained ...


Search For Multimessenger Sources Of Gravitational Waves And High-Energy Neutrinos With Advanced Ligo During Its First Observing Run, Antares, And Icecube, A. Albert, M. André, M. Anghinolfi, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Jan 2019

Search For Multimessenger Sources Of Gravitational Waves And High-Energy Neutrinos With Advanced Ligo During Its First Observing Run, Antares, And Icecube, A. Albert, M. André, M. Anghinolfi, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Astrophysical sources of gravitational waves, such as binary neutron star and black hole mergers or core-collapse supernovae, can drive relativistic outflows, giving rise to non-thermal high-energy emission. High-energy neutrinos are signatures of such outflows. The detection of gravitational waves and high-energy neutrinos from common sources could help establish the connection between the dynamics of the progenitor and the properties of the outflow. We searched for associated emission of gravitational waves and high-energy neutrinos from astrophysical transients with minimal assumptions using data from Advanced LIGO from its first observing run O1, and data from the Antares and IceCube neutrino observatories from ...


A Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor Search For Electromagnetic Signals Coincident With Gravitational-Wave Candidates In Advanced Ligo's First Observing Run, E. Burns, A. Goldstein, C. M. Hui, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Jan 2019

A Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor Search For Electromagnetic Signals Coincident With Gravitational-Wave Candidates In Advanced Ligo's First Observing Run, E. Burns, A. Goldstein, C. M. Hui, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present a search for prompt gamma-ray counterparts to compact binary coalescence gravitational wave (GW) candidates from Advanced LIGO's first observing run (O1). As demonstrated by the multimessenger observations of GW170817/GRB 170817A, electromagnetic and GW observations provide complementary information about the astrophysical source, and in the case of weaker candidates, may strengthen the case for an astrophysical origin. Here we investigate low-significance GW candidates from the O1 compact binary coalescence searches using the Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM), leveraging its all sky and broad energy coverage. Candidates are ranked and compared to background to measure the significance. Those ...


Modelling And Evaluation Of Electrical Resonance Eddy Current For Submillimeter Defect Detection, Yew San Hor, Vinod K. Sivaraja, Yu Zhong, Bui V. Phuong, Christopher Lane Jan 2019

Modelling And Evaluation Of Electrical Resonance Eddy Current For Submillimeter Defect Detection, Yew San Hor, Vinod K. Sivaraja, Yu Zhong, Bui V. Phuong, Christopher Lane

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Eddy current (EC) inspection is used extensively in non-destructive testing (NDT) to detect surface-breaking defects of engineering components. However, the sensitivity of conventional eddy current inspection has plateaued in recent years. The ability to detect submillimetre defects before it becomes critical would allow engineering components to remain in-service safely for longer. Typically, it is required that higher frequency EC is employed to achieve a suitable sensitivity for detection of such submillimetre defects. However, that would lead to significant electromagnetic noise affecting the sensitivity of the inspection. To overcome this issue, the electrical-resonance based eddy current method has been proposed, where ...


Properties Of The Binary Neutron Star Merger Gw170817, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Jan 2019

Properties Of The Binary Neutron Star Merger Gw170817, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

On August 17, 2017, the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors observed a low-mass compact binary inspiral. The initial sky localization of the source of the gravitational-wave signal, GW170817, allowed electromagnetic observatories to identify NGC 4993 as the host galaxy. In this work, we improve initial estimates of the binary's properties, including component masses, spins, and tidal parameters, using the known source location, improved modeling, and recalibrated Virgo data. We extend the range of gravitational-wave frequencies considered down to 23 Hz, compared to 30 Hz in the initial analysis. We also compare results inferred using several signal models ...


Search For Subsolar-Mass Ultracompact Binaries In Advanced Ligo's First Observing Run, B. P. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Dec 2018

Search For Subsolar-Mass Ultracompact Binaries In Advanced Ligo's First Observing Run, B. P. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present the first Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo search for ultracompact binary systems with component masses between 0.2 M-1.0 M using data taken between September 12, 2015 and January 19, 2016. We find no viable gravitational wave candidates. Our null result constrains the coalescence rate of monochromatic (delta function) distributions of nonspinning (0.2 M, 0.2 M) ultracompact binaries to be less than 1.0 x 106 Gpc-3 yr-1 and the coalescence rate of a similar distribution of (1.0 M, 1.0 M) ultracompact binaries to be less than 1.9 ...


Prospects For Observing And Localizing Gravitational-Wave Transients With Advanced Ligo, Advanced Virgo And Kagra, Benjamin P. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Dec 2018

Prospects For Observing And Localizing Gravitational-Wave Transients With Advanced Ligo, Advanced Virgo And Kagra, Benjamin P. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present possible observing scenarios for the Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We estimate the sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron star systems, which are the most promising targets for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources ...


Author Correction: Femtosecond Laser Mass Spectrometry And High Harmonic Spectroscopy Of Xylene Isomers (Scientific Reports (2018) Doi: 10.1038/S41598-018-22055-9), Abdullah Alharbi, Andrewy E. Boguslavskiy, Dane Austin, Nicolas Thire, D. Wood, P. Hawkins, Felicity Mcgrath, A. S. Johnson, I. Lopez-Quintas, Bruno Schmidt, Francois Legare, J. P. Marangos, Anh-Thu Le, Ravi Bhardwaj Dec 2018

Author Correction: Femtosecond Laser Mass Spectrometry And High Harmonic Spectroscopy Of Xylene Isomers (Scientific Reports (2018) Doi: 10.1038/S41598-018-22055-9), Abdullah Alharbi, Andrewy E. Boguslavskiy, Dane Austin, Nicolas Thire, D. Wood, P. Hawkins, Felicity Mcgrath, A. S. Johnson, I. Lopez-Quintas, Bruno Schmidt, Francois Legare, J. P. Marangos, Anh-Thu Le, Ravi Bhardwaj

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The original version of this Article contained a typographical error in the spelling of the author Nicolas Thiré, which was incorrectly given as Nicholas Thiré. Nicolas Thiré was also incorrectly affiliated with 'Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano, IQFR-CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain'. The correct affiliation is listed below.

INRS-EMT, Advanced Laser Light Source, 1650 Lionel-Boulet Bvd, Varennes, J3X1S2, Canada.

This has now been corrected in the PDF and HTML versions of the Article and in the accompanying Supplementary Information file.


Gw170817: Measurements Of Neutron Star Radii And Equation Of State, B. P. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Oct 2018

Gw170817: Measurements Of Neutron Star Radii And Equation Of State, B. P. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

On 17 August 2017, the LIGO and Virgo observatories made the first direct detection of gravitational waves from the coalescence of a neutron star binary system. The detection of this gravitational-wave signal, GW170817, offers a novel opportunity to directly probe the properties of matter at the extreme conditions found in the interior of these stars. The initial, minimal-assumption analysis of the LIGO and Virgo data placed constraints on the tidal effects of the coalescing bodies, which were then translated to constraints on neutron star radii. Here, we expand upon previous analyses by working under the hypothesis that both bodies were ...


Real-Time Observation Of Molecular Spinning With Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy, Lixin He, Pengfei Lan, Anh-Thu Le, Baoning Wang, Bincheng Wang, Xiaosong Zhu, Peixiang Lu, C. D. Lin Oct 2018

Real-Time Observation Of Molecular Spinning With Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy, Lixin He, Pengfei Lan, Anh-Thu Le, Baoning Wang, Bincheng Wang, Xiaosong Zhu, Peixiang Lu, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We demonstrate an angular high-harmonic spectroscopy method to probe the spinning dynamics of a molecular rotation wave packet in real time. With the excitation of two time-delayed, polarization-skewed pump pulses, the molecular ensemble is impulsively kicked to rotate unidirectionally, which is subsequently irradiated by another delayed probe pulse for high-order harmonic generation (HHG). The spatiotemporal evolution of the molecular rotation wave packet is visualized from the time-dependent angular distributions of the HHG yields and frequency shift measured at various polarization directions and time delays of the probe pulse. The observed frequency shift in HHG is demonstrated to arise from the ...


Electronic Fingerprints Of Cr And V Dopants In The Topological Insulator Sb₂Te₃, Wenhan Zhang, Damien West, Seng Huat Lee, Yunsheng Qiu, Cui-Zu Chang, Jagadeesh S. Moodera, Yew San Hor, Shengbai Zhang, Weida Wu Sep 2018

Electronic Fingerprints Of Cr And V Dopants In The Topological Insulator Sb₂Te₃, Wenhan Zhang, Damien West, Seng Huat Lee, Yunsheng Qiu, Cui-Zu Chang, Jagadeesh S. Moodera, Yew San Hor, Shengbai Zhang, Weida Wu

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

By combining scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy and first-principles calculations, we systematically study the local electronic states of magnetic dopants V and Cr in the topological insulator (TI) Sb2Te3. Spectroscopic imaging shows diverse local defect states between Cr and V, which agree with our first-principle calculations. The unique spectroscopic features of V and Cr dopants provide electronic fingerprints for the codoped magnetic TI samples with the enhanced quantum anomalous Hall effect. Our results also facilitate the exploration of the underlying mechanism of the enhanced quantum anomalous Hall temperature in Cr/V codoped TIs.


Gravitational Effects In G -Factor Measurements And High-Precision Spectroscopy: Limits Of Einstein's Equivalence Principle, Ulrich D. Jentschura Sep 2018

Gravitational Effects In G -Factor Measurements And High-Precision Spectroscopy: Limits Of Einstein's Equivalence Principle, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We study the interplay of general relativity, the equivalence principle, and high-precision experiments involving atomic transitions and g-factor measurements. In particular, we derive a generalized Dirac Hamiltonian, which describes both the gravitational coupling for weak fields and the electromagnetic coupling, e.g., to a central Coulomb field. An approximate form of this Hamiltonian is used to derive the leading gravitational corrections to transition frequencies and g factors. The position dependence of atomic transitions is shown to be compatible with the equivalence principle, up to a very good approximation. The compatibility of g-factor measurements requires a deeper subtle analysis in order ...


Extinction Transitions In Correlated External Noise, Alexander H. O. Wada, Matthew Small, Thomas Vojta Aug 2018

Extinction Transitions In Correlated External Noise, Alexander H. O. Wada, Matthew Small, Thomas Vojta

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We analyze the influence of long-range correlated (colored) external noise on extinction phase transitions in growth and spreading processes. Uncorrelated environmental noise (i.e., temporal disorder) was recently shown to give rise to an unusual infinite-noise critical point [Europhys. Lett. 112, 30002 (2015)EULEEJ0295-507510.1209/0295-5075/112/30002]. It is characterized by enormous density fluctuations that increase without limit at criticality. As a result, a typical population decays much faster than the ensemble average, which is dominated by rare events. Using the logistic evolution equation as an example, we show here that positively correlated (red) environmental noise further enhances these ...


Quantum Critical Behavior Of A Three-Dimensional Superfluid-Mott Glass Transition, Jack Crewse, Cameron Lerch, Thomas Vojta Aug 2018

Quantum Critical Behavior Of A Three-Dimensional Superfluid-Mott Glass Transition, Jack Crewse, Cameron Lerch, Thomas Vojta

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The superfluid to insulator quantum phase transition of a three-dimensional particle-hole symmetric system of disordered bosons is studied. To this end, a site-diluted quantum rotor Hamiltonian is mapped onto a classical (3+1)-dimensional XY model with columnar disorder and analyzed by means of large-scale Monte Carlo simulations. The superfluid-Mott insulator transition of the clean, undiluted system is in the four-dimensional XY universality class and shows mean-field critical behavior with logarithmic corrections. The clean correlation length exponent ν=1/2 violates the Harris criterion, indicating that disorder must be a relevant perturbation. For nonzero dilutions below the lattice percolation threshold ...


Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy Investigations Of Superconducting-Doped Topological Insulators: Experimental Pitfalls And Results, Stefan Wilfert, Paolo Sessi, Zhiwei Wang, Henrik Schmidt, M. Carmen Martínez-Velarte, Seng Huat Lee, Yew San Hor, Alexander F. Otte, Yoichi Ando, Weida Wu, Matthias Bode Aug 2018

Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy Investigations Of Superconducting-Doped Topological Insulators: Experimental Pitfalls And Results, Stefan Wilfert, Paolo Sessi, Zhiwei Wang, Henrik Schmidt, M. Carmen Martínez-Velarte, Seng Huat Lee, Yew San Hor, Alexander F. Otte, Yoichi Ando, Weida Wu, Matthias Bode

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Recently, the doping of topological insulators has attracted significant interest as a potential route towards topological superconductivity. Because many experimental techniques lack sufficient surface sensitivity, however, definite proof of the coexistence of topological surface states and surface superconductivity is still outstanding. Here we report on highly surface sensitive scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy experiments performed on Tl-doped Bi2Te3, a three-dimensional topological insulator which becomes superconducting in the bulk at TC=2.3 K. Landau level spectroscopy as well as quasiparticle interference mapping clearly demonstrated the presence of a topological surface state with a Dirac point energy ...


Tuning A Random-Field Mechanism In A Frustrated Magnet, Shashikant Singh Kunwar, Arnab Sen, Thomas Vojta, Rajesh Narayanan Jul 2018

Tuning A Random-Field Mechanism In A Frustrated Magnet, Shashikant Singh Kunwar, Arnab Sen, Thomas Vojta, Rajesh Narayanan

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We study the influence of spinless impurities on a frustrated magnet featuring a spin-density wave (stripe) phase by means of Monte Carlo simulations. We demonstrate that the interplay between the impurities and an order parameter that breaks a real-space symmetry triggers the emergence of a random-field mechanism which destroys the stripe-ordered phase. Importantly, the strength of the emerging random fields can be tuned by the repulsion between the impurity atoms; they vanish for perfect anticorrelations between neighboring impurities. This provides a way of controlling the phase diagram of a many-particle system. In addition, we also investigate the effects of the ...


Relativistic And Radiative Corrections To The Dynamic Stark Shift: Gauge Invariance And Transition Currents In The Velocity Gauge, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Chandra M. Adhikari Jun 2018

Relativistic And Radiative Corrections To The Dynamic Stark Shift: Gauge Invariance And Transition Currents In The Velocity Gauge, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Chandra M. Adhikari

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate the gauge invariance of the dynamic (ac) Stark shift under "hybrid" gauge transformations from the "length" (E·r ) to the "velocity" (A-·p ) gauge. By a "hybrid" gauge transformation, we understand a transformation in which the scalar and vector potentials are modified, but the wave function remains unaltered. The gauge invariance of the leading term is well known, while we here show that gauge invariance under perturbations holds only if one takes into account an additional correction to the transition current, which persists only in the velocity gauge. We find a general expression for this current, and apply ...


Dynamic Effects In Electron Momentum Spectroscopy Of Sulfur Hexafluoride, Xing Wang, Shenyue Xu, Chuangang Ning, O. Al-Hagan, Pengfei Hu, Yongtao Zhao, Zhongfen Xu, Jingkang Deng, Enliang Wang, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison Jun 2018

Dynamic Effects In Electron Momentum Spectroscopy Of Sulfur Hexafluoride, Xing Wang, Shenyue Xu, Chuangang Ning, O. Al-Hagan, Pengfei Hu, Yongtao Zhao, Zhongfen Xu, Jingkang Deng, Enliang Wang, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Electron momentum spectroscopy (EMS) results are presented for the sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) molecule using a high-resolution binary (e, 2e) spectrometer at incident energies (Ei) of 600, 1200, and 2400 eV plus the binding energy. The valence orbital momentum profiles were measured with a binding energy resolution of 0.68 eV and angular resolutions of Δθ = ±0.6⁰, ΔΦ = ±0.85⁰. Whereas the two higher incident energies are in the range where normally EMS measurements do not exhibit an impact-energy dependence, the current experimental data display a dynamic dependence on the impact energies. The measured momentum profiles are compared with predictions ...