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## Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Theory Of Noncontact Friction For Atom-Surface Interactions, Ulrich D. Jentschura, M. Janke, Maarten F M De Kieviet

#### Theory Of Noncontact Friction For Atom-Surface Interactions, Ulrich D. Jentschura, M. Janke, Maarten F M De Kieviet

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

The noncontact (van der Waals) friction is an interesting physical effect, which has been the subject of controversial scientific discussion. The direct friction term due to the thermal fluctuations of the electromagnetic field leads to a friction force proportional to 1/Z^{5} (where Z is the atom-wall distance). The backaction friction term takes into account the feedback of thermal fluctuations of the atomic dipole moment onto the motion of the atom and scales as 1/Z^{8}. We investigate noncontact friction effects for the interactions of hydrogen, ground-state helium, and metastable helium atoms with α-quartz (SiO_{2}), gold (Au ...

Four Body Charge Transfer Process In Proton Helium Collision, Ujjal Chowdhury, Allison L. Harris, Jerry Peacher, Don H. Madison

#### Four Body Charge Transfer Process In Proton Helium Collision, Ujjal Chowdhury, Allison L. Harris, Jerry Peacher, Don H. Madison

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

Recent advancements in experimental techniques now allow for the study of fully differential cross sections for 4-body collisions. Theoretical fully differential cross sections will be presented and compared with absolute experimental data for transfer-excitation in proton-helium collisions. The role of different scattering mechanism will be discussed.

Fully Differential Cross Section For Four Body Charge Transfer Process, Ujjal Chowdhury, Allison L. Harris, Jerry Peacher, Don H. Madison

#### Fully Differential Cross Section For Four Body Charge Transfer Process, Ujjal Chowdhury, Allison L. Harris, Jerry Peacher, Don H. Madison

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

Recently experimental fully differential cross sections (FDCS) have been reported for double capture in proton helium collisions which disagree with existing theoretical calculations by two orders of magnitude. We introduce here a theoretical model for charge transfer processes which is fully quantum mechanical and takes all post collision interactions (PCI) between the particles into account exactly. The results of this model are in much better agreement with experimental data.

Strongly Enhanced Backward Emission Of Electrons In Transfer And Ionization, Michael Schulz, Xincheng Wang, M. Gundmundsson, Katharina R. Schneider, Aditya H. Kelkar, Alexander B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, Markus S. Schoffler, Lothar Ph H H Schmidt, Reinhard Dorner, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer

#### Strongly Enhanced Backward Emission Of Electrons In Transfer And Ionization, Michael Schulz, Xincheng Wang, M. Gundmundsson, Katharina R. Schneider, Aditya H. Kelkar, Alexander B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, Markus S. Schoffler, Lothar Ph H H Schmidt, Reinhard Dorner, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We studied three-dimensional angular distributions and longitudinal momentum spectra of electrons ejected in transfer plus ionization (TI), i.e., the ejection of one and the capture of a second target electron, for ion-helium collisions. We observe a pronounced structure strongly focused opposite to the projectile beam direction, which we associate with a new correlated TI mechanism proposed recently. This process contributes significantly to the total cross sections over a broad range of perturbations η, even at η as large as 0.5, where uncorrelated TI mechanisms were thought to be dominant.

Double Ionization Of Helium By Highly-Charged-Ion Impact Analyzed Within The Frozen-Correlation Approximation, Marcelo F. Ciappina, Tom Kirchner, Michael Schulz

#### Double Ionization Of Helium By Highly-Charged-Ion Impact Analyzed Within The Frozen-Correlation Approximation, Marcelo F. Ciappina, Tom Kirchner, Michael Schulz

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We apply the frozen-correlation approximation (FCA) to analyze double ionization of helium by energetic highly charged ions. In this model the double ionization amplitude is represented in terms of single ionization amplitudes, which we evaluate within the continuum distorted wave-eikonal initial state (CDW-EIS) approach. Correlation effects are incorporated in the initial and final states, but are neglected during the time the collision process takes place. We implement the FCA using the Monte Carlo event generator technique, which allows us to generate theoretical event files and to compare theory and experiment using the same analysis tools. The comparison with previous theoretical ...

Relativistic Reduced-Mass And Recoil Corrections To Vacuum Polarization In Muonic Hydrogen, Muonic Deuterium, And Muonic Helium Ions, Ulrich D. Jentschura

#### Relativistic Reduced-Mass And Recoil Corrections To Vacuum Polarization In Muonic Hydrogen, Muonic Deuterium, And Muonic Helium Ions, Ulrich D. Jentschura

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

The reduced-mass dependence of relativistic and radiative effects in simple muonic bound systems is investigated. The spin-dependent nuclear recoil correction of order (Zα)^{4}μ^{3}/m^{2}_{N} is evaluated for muonic hydrogen and deuterium and muonic helium ions (μ is the reduced mass and m_{N} is the nuclear mass). Relativistic corrections to vacuum polarization of order α(Zα)^{4}μ are calculated, with a full account of the reduced-mass dependence. The results shift theoretical predictions. The radiative-recoil correction to vacuum polarization of order α(Zα)^{5}-ln^{2}(Zα) μ^{2}/m_{N} is obtained in leading ...

Blackbody-Radiation Correction To The Polarizability Of Helium, Mariusz Puchalski, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Peter J. Mohr

#### Blackbody-Radiation Correction To The Polarizability Of Helium, Mariusz Puchalski, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Peter J. Mohr

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

The correction to the polarizability of helium due to blackbody radiation is calculated near room temperature. A precise theoretical determination of the blackbody radiation correction to the polarizability of helium is essential for dielectric gas thermometry and for the determination of the Boltzmann constant. We find that the correction, for not too high temperature, is roughly proportional to a modified hyperpolarizability (two-color hyperpolarizability), which is different from the ordinary hyperpolarizability of helium. Our explicit calculations provide a definite numerical result for the effect and indicate that the effect of blackbody radiation can be excluded as a limiting factor for dielectric ...

Reaction Dynamics In Double Ionization Of Helium By Electron Impact, Marcelo F. Ciappina, Michael Schulz, Tom Kirchner

#### Reaction Dynamics In Double Ionization Of Helium By Electron Impact, Marcelo F. Ciappina, Michael Schulz, Tom Kirchner

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We present theoretical fully differential cross sections (FDCS) for double ionization of helium by 500 eV and 2 keV electron impact. Contributions from various reaction mechanisms to the FDCS were calculated separately and compared to experimental data. Our theoretical methods are based on the first Born approximation. Higher-order effects are incorporated using the Monte Carlo event generator technique. Earlier, we successfully applied this approach to double ionization by ion impact, and in the work reported here it is extended to electron impact. We demonstrate that at 500 eV impact energy, double ionization is dominated by higher-order mechanisms. Even at 2 ...

Theoretical Fully Differential Cross Sections For Double-Charge-Transfer Collisions, Allison L. Harris, Jerry Peacher, Don H. Madison

#### Theoretical Fully Differential Cross Sections For Double-Charge-Transfer Collisions, Allison L. Harris, Jerry Peacher, Don H. Madison

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We present a four-body model for double charge transfer, called the four-body double-capture model. This model explicitly treats all four particles in the collision, and we apply it here to fully differential cross sections (FDCSs) for proton+helium collisions. The effects of initial- and final-state electron correlations are studied, as well as the role of the projectile-nucleus interaction. We also present results for proton+helium single capture, as well as single-capture:double-capture ratios of FDCSs.

Comment On "Coincidence Studies Of He Ionized By C⁶⁺, Au²⁴⁺, And Au⁵³⁺", Michael Schulz, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

#### Comment On "Coincidence Studies Of He Ionized By C⁶⁺, Au²⁴⁺, And Au⁵³⁺", Michael Schulz, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

In a recent article, McGovern [Phys. Rev. APLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA. 81.042704 81, 042704 (2010)] suggested that the normalization of our measured fully differential cross section for ionization of helium by Au^{53+} needs to be checked. In this comment we confirm that the normalization of the published data is correct. Furthermore, we point out that, for a conclusive comparison between experiment and theory, an accurate inclusion of the experimental resolution using correct experimental parameters in the calculation is important.

Four-Body Charge Transfer Processes In Heavy Particle Collisions, Allison L. Harris, Jerry Peacher, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison

#### Four-Body Charge Transfer Processes In Heavy Particle Collisions, Allison L. Harris, Jerry Peacher, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

Fully differential cross sections (FDCS) for proton + helium single capture and transfer-excitation collisions are presented using the Four-Body Transfer-Excitation (4BTE) model. This is a first order perturbative model that allows for any two-particle interaction to be studied. For single capture, the effect of the projectile-nuclear term in the perturbation is examined. It is shown that inclusion of this term results in an unphysical minimum in the FDCS, but is required to correctly predict the magnitude of the experimental results. For transfer-excitation, the role of electron correlation in the target helium atom is studied, and shown to be unimportant in the ...

Systematic Analysis Of Double-Ionization Dynamics Based On Four-Body Dalitz Plots, Daniel Fischer, Michael Schulz, Katharina R. Schneider, Marcelo F. Ciappina, Tom Kirchner, Aditya H. Kelkar, S. Hagman, Manfred Grieser, Kai Uwe Kuhnel, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

#### Systematic Analysis Of Double-Ionization Dynamics Based On Four-Body Dalitz Plots, Daniel Fischer, Michael Schulz, Katharina R. Schneider, Marcelo F. Ciappina, Tom Kirchner, Aditya H. Kelkar, S. Hagman, Manfred Grieser, Kai Uwe Kuhnel, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We report on an experimental and theoretical systematic study of double ionization of helium by ion impact in terms of four-particle Dalitz plots. Several collision systems covering abroad range of perturbation parameters η (projectile charge to speed ratio) were investigated. With increasing η we observe a systematic trend from features, characteristic to correlated double-ionization mechanisms, to signatures of higher-order processes not requiring electron-electron correlations [the mechanism called "two-step-two projectile-electron interaction" (TS-2)]. The data for the largest η can qualitatively be amazingly well described by a simple model only including the TS-2 mechanism.

Four-Body Model For Transfer Excitation, Allison L. Harris, Jerry Peacher, Don H. Madison, James Colgan

#### Four-Body Model For Transfer Excitation, Allison L. Harris, Jerry Peacher, Don H. Madison, James Colgan

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We present here a four-body model for transfer-excitation collisions, which we call the four-body transfer-excitation (4BTE) model. Each two-body interaction is explicitly included in the 4BTE model, allowing us to study the effects of individual two-body interactions. We apply our model to fully differential cross sections for proton+helium collisions, and study the effect of the incident projectile-atom interaction, the scattered projectile-ion interaction, the projectile-nuclear interaction, and electron correlation within the target atom.

Feasibility Of Coherent Xuv Spectroscopy On The 1s-2s Transition In Singly Ionized Helium, Maximilian Herrmann, Martin K. Haas, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Franz Kottmann, Dietrich Leibfried, Guido Saathoff, Christoph Gohle, Akira Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knunz, Nikolai N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schussler, Theodor Wolfgang Hansch, Th H. Udem

#### Feasibility Of Coherent Xuv Spectroscopy On The 1s-2s Transition In Singly Ionized Helium, Maximilian Herrmann, Martin K. Haas, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Franz Kottmann, Dietrich Leibfried, Guido Saathoff, Christoph Gohle, Akira Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knunz, Nikolai N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schussler, Theodor Wolfgang Hansch, Th H. Udem

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

The 1S-2S two-photon transition in singly ionized helium is a highly interesting candidate for precision tests of bound-state quantum electrodynamics (QED). With the recent advent of extreme ultraviolet frequency combs, highly coherent quasi-continuous-wave light sources at 61 nm have become available, and precision spectroscopy of this transition now comes into reach for the first time. We discuss quantitatively the feasibility of such an experiment by analyzing excitation and ionization rates, propose an experimental scheme, and explore the potential for QED tests.

Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Oriented H₂ Molecules By Electron Impact, James Colgan, Michael S. Pindzola, Francis J. Robicheaux, Christian V. Kaiser, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison

#### Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Oriented H₂ Molecules By Electron Impact, James Colgan, Michael S. Pindzola, Francis J. Robicheaux, Christian V. Kaiser, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

A nonperturbative close-coupling technique is used to calculate differential cross sections for the electron-impact ionization of H_{2} at an energy of 35.4 eV. Our approach allows cross sections for any orientation of the molecule with respect to the incident electron beam to be analyzed. New features in the resulting cross sections are found compared with the case where the molecular orientation is averaged, and also with cross sections for He at equivalent electron kinematics. When averaged over all possible molecular orientations, good agreement is found with recent experimental results.

Reexamining Blackbody Shifts For Hydrogenlike Ions, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Martin K. Haas

#### Reexamining Blackbody Shifts For Hydrogenlike Ions, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Martin K. Haas

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We investigate blackbody-induced energy shifts for low-lying levels of atomic systems, with a special emphasis on transitions used in current and planned high-precision experiments on atomic hydrogen and ionized helium. Fine-structure- and Lamb-shift-induced blackbody shifts are found to increase with the square of the nuclear charge number, whereas blackbody shifts due to virtual transitions decrease with increasing nuclear charge as the fourth power of the nuclear charge. We also investigate the decay width acquired by the ground state of atomic hydrogen, due to interaction with blackbody photons. The corresponding width is due to an instability against excitation to higher excited ...

Signature Of Ericson Fluctuations In Helium Inelastic Scattering Cross Sections Near The Double Ionization Threshold, Junliang Xu, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, C. D. Lin

#### Signature Of Ericson Fluctuations In Helium Inelastic Scattering Cross Sections Near The Double Ionization Threshold, Junliang Xu, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, C. D. Lin

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We calculated the inelastic electron impact excitation cross sections of He⁺ by electrons for a model helium atom to examine the onset of the signature of quantum chaotic scattering in this simple system. We find Ericson fluctuations (EF) in the calculated inelastic scattering cross sections only when the impact energies lie within about 0.21 eV below the double ionization threshold. We also discuss the stringent requirements and the proper methods for analyzing the inelastic scattering cross sections in order to observe EF experimentally.

Double Ionization Of Helium By Ion Impact Analyzed Using Four-Body Dalitz Plots, M. F. Ciappina, Michael Schulz, T. Kirchner, Daniel Fischer, R. Moshammer, J. D. Ullrich

#### Double Ionization Of Helium By Ion Impact Analyzed Using Four-Body Dalitz Plots, M. F. Ciappina, Michael Schulz, T. Kirchner, Daniel Fischer, R. Moshammer, J. D. Ullrich

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We have performed experimental and theoretical studies of double ionization of helium by 6 MeV proton impact using a recently developed tool, four-particle Dalitz plots [Schulz et al., J. Phys. B 22, 3091 (2007)] which enable the representation of multiple differential cross sections as a function of all four fragments in a single spectrum without loss of any part of the total cross section. As a result, the relative importance of the various interactions between the fragments can be studied in great detail. Comparisons of experimental data with theoretical first-order calculations and simulations for the higher-order (TS-2) process show that ...

Alignment Of Heavy Few-Electron Ions Following Excitation By Relativistic Coulomb Collisions, Andrey S. Surzhykov, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Th H. Stohlker, Alexandre Gumberidze, Stephan Fritzsche

#### Alignment Of Heavy Few-Electron Ions Following Excitation By Relativistic Coulomb Collisions, Andrey S. Surzhykov, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Th H. Stohlker, Alexandre Gumberidze, Stephan Fritzsche

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

The Coulomb excitation of highly charged few-electron ions in relativistic collisions with protons and low- Z atoms is studied within the framework of first-order perturbation theory and the multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock method. Apart from the computation of the total excitation cross sections, a detailed theoretical analysis has been performed for the magnetic sublevel population of the residual ions. To describe this population, general expressions are derived for the alignment parameters of the excited states of the ions, taking into account the relativistic and many-electron effects. Calculations are performed for the K→L and K→M excitation of helium- and lithiumlike uranium ...

Projectile Angular-Differential Cross Sections For Transfer And Transfer Excitation In Proton Collisions With Helium, M. Zapukhlyak, T. Kirchner, Ahmad Hasan, B. Tooke, Michael Schulz

#### Projectile Angular-Differential Cross Sections For Transfer And Transfer Excitation In Proton Collisions With Helium, M. Zapukhlyak, T. Kirchner, Ahmad Hasan, B. Tooke, Michael Schulz

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

Projectile angular-differential cross sections for single-transfer and transfer excitation have been calculated with the two-center extension of the nonperturbative basis generator method for 5-200 keV proton-helium collisions. The calculations are based on the independent electron model, and the eikonal approximation has been used to extract angular-differential cross sections from impact-parameter-dependent transition amplitudes. The present results are compared with experimental and previous theoretical data where available. In particular, we consider the ratio of transfer excitation to single capture versus double excitation to single excitation at intermediate energies. An experimentally observed structure in this ratio at a scattering angle about 0.5 ...

Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Target Ionization With Simultaneous Projectile Detachment In 200-Kev H⁻ + He Collisions, T. Ferger, Michael Schulz, Daniel Fischer, B. Najjari, R. Moshammer, J. D. Ullrich

#### Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Target Ionization With Simultaneous Projectile Detachment In 200-Kev H⁻ + He Collisions, T. Ferger, Michael Schulz, Daniel Fischer, B. Najjari, R. Moshammer, J. D. Ullrich

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We have performed a kinematically complete experiment for target ionization with simultaneous projectile detachment (TIPD) in 200-keV H^{−} + He collisions. From the data we extracted triple-differential cross sections (TDCSs) for each electron separately. These TDCSs closely resemble corresponding data for single ionization by charged-particle impact. Surprisingly, the contributions from higher-order processes to TIPD, proceeding through two independent interactions of each electron with the core of the respective other collision partner, are found to be somewhat larger than the first-order process proceeding through the electron-electron interaction.

Analysis Of Experimental Data For Ion-Impact Single Ionization Of Helium With Monte Carlo Event Generators Based On Quantum Theory, M. Dürr, B. Najjari, Michael Schulz, A. Dorn, R. Moshammer, A. B. Voitkiv, J. Ullrich

#### Analysis Of Experimental Data For Ion-Impact Single Ionization Of Helium With Monte Carlo Event Generators Based On Quantum Theory, M. Dürr, B. Najjari, Michael Schulz, A. Dorn, R. Moshammer, A. B. Voitkiv, J. Ullrich

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

Recent multiply differential experimental data taken with reaction microscopes severely challenge predictions of quantum mechanical few-body models. Here, we report on a thorough analysis of all known possible experimental resolution effects and their influence on the extracted cross sections. Using a Monte Carlo event generator to simulate true events on the basis of quantum calculations allows us to consistently incorporate all aspects of the experimental resolution of the reaction microscope. We study the effect of the instrumental function in single ionization of helium by 3.6 MeV/u Au53+ and 100 MeV/u C6+ ions and find it to significantly ...

Ionization And Ionization-Excitation Of Helium To The N=1-4 States Of He⁺ By Electron Impact, Susan M. Bellm, Julian C A Lower, Klaus Bartschat, Xiaoxu Guan, Daniel Weflen, Matthew S. Foster, Allison L. Harris, Don H. Madison

#### Ionization And Ionization-Excitation Of Helium To The N=1-4 States Of He⁺ By Electron Impact, Susan M. Bellm, Julian C A Lower, Klaus Bartschat, Xiaoxu Guan, Daniel Weflen, Matthew S. Foster, Allison L. Harris, Don H. Madison

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We present experimental and theoretical results for the electron-impact-induced ionization of ground-state helium atoms. Using a high-sensitivity toroidal electron spectrometer, we measured cross-section ratios for transitions leading to the first three excited states of the residual helium ion relative to the transition leaving the ion in the ground state. Measurements were performed for both symmetric- and asymmetric-energy-sharing kinematics. By presenting results as a ratio, a direct comparison can be made between theoretical and experimental predictions without recourse to normalization. The experimental data are compared to theoretical predictions employing various first-order models and a second-order hybrid distorted-wave + convergent R matrix with ...

Effects Of The Final-State Electron-Ion Interactions On The Fully Differential Cross Sections For Heavy-Particle-Impact Ionization Of Helium, Don H. Madison, Jerry Peacher, M. Foster, K. Bartschat, H. P. Saha, Allison L. Harris

#### Effects Of The Final-State Electron-Ion Interactions On The Fully Differential Cross Sections For Heavy-Particle-Impact Ionization Of Helium, Don H. Madison, Jerry Peacher, M. Foster, K. Bartschat, H. P. Saha, Allison L. Harris

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

Three-dimensional fully differential cross sections for heavy-particle-impact ionization of helium are examined. Previously, the three-body distorted-wave (3DW) model has achieved good agreement with experiment in the scattering plane for small momentum transfers, but poor agreement for large momentum transfers. Poor agreement was also observed outside the scattering plane for all momentum transfers. In particular, the 3DW calculations predicted cross sections that were too small both perpendicular to the scattering plane and for large momentum transfers. The important unanswered question concerns the physical effects that cause the significant disagreement between experiment and theory. In previous works, the role of the projectile-ion ...

Young-Type Interference In (E, 2e) Ionization Of H₂, D. S. Milne-Brownlie, Matthew S. Foster, Junfang Gao, B. Lohmann, Don H. Madison

#### Young-Type Interference In (E, 2e) Ionization Of H₂, D. S. Milne-Brownlie, Matthew S. Foster, Junfang Gao, B. Lohmann, Don H. Madison

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We have investigated the electron impact single ionization of the hydrogen molecule, with fully determined kinematics. The experimental and theoretical results are compared with He ionization under the same conditions. The results indicate that the ejected electron angular distribution for H_{2} is modified due to Young-type interference between ionization amplitudes for scattering from the two centers in the hydrogen molecule. The observable result is a suppression of the backward scattering (recoil) peak compared with the binary peak.

Kinetic Correlation In Photo-Double-Ionization Processes: The He-Isoelectronic Sequence, Sebastian Otranto, C. R. Garibotti

#### Kinetic Correlation In Photo-Double-Ionization Processes: The He-Isoelectronic Sequence, Sebastian Otranto, C. R. Garibotti

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

Analytical models proposed to represent the two-electron continuum are revisited. Main results obtained with these models are summarized. Recent studies of the photo-double-ionization (PDI) of the He-isoelectronic sequence by means of the recently introduced SC3 model are shown and compared with the results predicted by classical and semi-classical Wannier approaches. By fitting the triply differential cross sections (TDCSs) with the usual dipolar Gaussian form we find that the width has a power dependence on excess energy with exponent 0.25 in the near threshold region and departs from this law with increasing energy

Mutual Ionization In 200-Kev H⁻+ He Collisions, T. Ferger, Daniel Fischer, Michael Schulz, R. Moshammer, A. B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, J. Ullrich

#### Mutual Ionization In 200-Kev H⁻+ He Collisions, T. Ferger, Daniel Fischer, Michael Schulz, R. Moshammer, A. B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, J. Ullrich

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We studied mutual ionization in 200-keV H-^{+}He collisions in a kinematically complete experiment by measuring the fully momentum-analyzed recoil ions and both active electrons in coincidence. Comparison of the data to our calculations, based on various theoretical models, show that mutual ionization proceeds predominantly through the interaction between both electrons. The post-collision interaction between the outgoing ejected electrons as well as higher order processes involving the interaction between the core of both collision partners are also important.

Signature Of Chaos In High-Lying Doubly Excited States Of The Helium Atom, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, X.-M. Tong, C. D. Lin

#### Signature Of Chaos In High-Lying Doubly Excited States Of The Helium Atom, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, X.-M. Tong, C. D. Lin

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We examined nearest-neighbor spacing (NNS) statistics in doubly excited states of helium near the double ionization threshold. Using the Brody parameter q to measure the NNS distribution between the regular Poisson distribution (q=0) and the chaotic Wigner distribution (q=1), we showed that for levels near the N=20 threshold of He⁺, or at about 0.13eV below the double ionization threshold, the NNS distribution has q=0.66. The result shows the slow approach of the NNS of helium energy levels towards the Wigner distribution vs the excitation energy. Using an s-wave model where the angular momentum of ...

Autoionization Of He Atoms By Partially Stripped Ion Impact, Sebastian Otranto, Ronald E. Olson

#### Autoionization Of He Atoms By Partially Stripped Ion Impact, Sebastian Otranto, Ronald E. Olson

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

A study of the autoionization process induced by partially stripped ion impact is performed. Electron spectra in momentum space are predicted within a classical model for partially stripped ions. The results are compared with those obtained for pure Coulomb-like projectiles. A quantum-mechanical extension of the Barrachina-Macek model is proposed for partially stripped projectiles. Structure on the electron angular distribution arising in quantum and classical treatments is identified and compared. The presence of rainbow scattering interference is observed in the binary ring profile of the outgoing autoionized electrons for positive-ion impact.

Fully Differential Three-Dimensional Angular Distributions Of Electrons Ionized In Ion-Atom Collisions, Michael Schulz, R. Moshammer, Daniel Fischer, Ahmad Hasan, N. V. Maydanyuk, J. D. Ullrich

#### Fully Differential Three-Dimensional Angular Distributions Of Electrons Ionized In Ion-Atom Collisions, Michael Schulz, R. Moshammer, Daniel Fischer, Ahmad Hasan, N. V. Maydanyuk, J. D. Ullrich

*Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We compare experimental fully differential three-dimensional angular distributions of electrons ionized from He in collision with ionic projectiles covering a broad range of perturbations (0.065 to 4.4). Even at very small perturbations clear signatures of higher-order contributions are observable. At large perturbations, such contributions become even dominant, especially those involving the post-collision interaction between the outgoing projectile and the ionized electron. Our results show that single ionization is not nearly as well understood as was assumed previously.