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Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Hydrogen

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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Long-Range Interactions Of Hydrogen Atoms In Excited States. I. 2s-1s Interactions And Dirac-Δ Perturbations, Chandra Mani Adhikari, Vincent Debierre, Arthur N. Matveev, Nikolai N. Kolachevsky, Ulrich D. Jentschura Feb 2017

Long-Range Interactions Of Hydrogen Atoms In Excited States. I. 2s-1s Interactions And Dirac-Δ Perturbations, Chandra Mani Adhikari, Vincent Debierre, Arthur N. Matveev, Nikolai N. Kolachevsky, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The theory of the long-range interaction of metastable excited atomic states with ground-state atoms is analyzed. We show that the long-range interaction is essentially modified when quasidegenerate states are available for virtual transitions. A discrepancy in the literature regarding the van der Waals coefficient C6 (2S ;1 S ) describing the interaction of metastable atomic hydrogen ( 2 S state) with a ground-state hydrogen atom is resolved. In the the van der Waals range a0 ≪ R ≪ a0 / α , where a0 = ℏ / α m c is the Bohr radius and α is the fine-structure constant, one finds the symmetry-dependent result ...


Muonic Bound Systems, Virtual Particles, And Proton Radius, Ulrich D. Jentschura Jul 2015

Muonic Bound Systems, Virtual Particles, And Proton Radius, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The proton radius puzzle questions the self-consistency of theory and experiment in light muonic and electronic bound systems. Here we summarize the current status of virtual particle models as well as Lorentz-violating models that have been proposed in order to explain the discrepancy. Highly charged one-electron ions and muonic bound systems have been used as probes of the strongest electromagnetic fields achievable in the laboratory. The average electric field seen by a muon orbiting a proton is comparable to hydrogenlike uranium and, notably, larger than the electric field in the most advanced strong-laser facilities. Effective interactions due to virtual annihilation ...


Long-Range Atom-Wall Interactions And Mixing Terms: Metastable Hydrogen, Ulrich D. Jentschura Jan 2015

Long-Range Atom-Wall Interactions And Mixing Terms: Metastable Hydrogen, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate the interaction of metastable 2S hydrogen atoms with a perfectly conducting wall, including parity-breaking S-P mixing terms (with full account of retardation). The neighboring 2P1/2 and 2P3/2 levels are found to have a profound effect on the transition from the short-range, nonrelativistic regime, to the retarded form of the Casimir-Polder interaction. The corresponding P state admixtures to the metastable 2S state are calculated. We find the long-range asymptotics of the retarded Casimir-Polder potentials and mixing amplitudes for general excited states, including a fully quantum electrodynamic treatment of the dipole-quadrupole mixing term. The decay width ...


Low Energy (E, 2e) Study From The 1t₂ Orbital Of Ch₄, Shenyue Xu, Hari Chaluvadi, Xueguang Ren, Thomas Pfluger, Arne Senftleben, Chuangang Ning, Shuncheng Yan, Peng Zhang, Jie Yang, Xinwen Ma, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Jul 2012

Low Energy (E, 2e) Study From The 1t₂ Orbital Of Ch₄, Shenyue Xu, Hari Chaluvadi, Xueguang Ren, Thomas Pfluger, Arne Senftleben, Chuangang Ning, Shuncheng Yan, Peng Zhang, Jie Yang, Xinwen Ma, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Single ionization of the methane (CH4) 1t2 orbital by 54 eV electron impact has been studied experimentally and theoretically. The measured triple differential cross sections cover nearly a 4π solid angle for the emission of low energy electrons and a range of projectile scattering angles. Experimental data are compared with theoretical calculations from the distorted wave Born approximation and the molecular three-body distorted wave models. It is found that theory can give a proper description of the main features of experimental cross section only at smaller scattering angles. For larger scattering angles, significant discrepancies between experiment and theory ...


Relativistic Reduced-Mass And Recoil Corrections To Vacuum Polarization In Muonic Hydrogen, Muonic Deuterium, And Muonic Helium Ions, Ulrich D. Jentschura Jul 2011

Relativistic Reduced-Mass And Recoil Corrections To Vacuum Polarization In Muonic Hydrogen, Muonic Deuterium, And Muonic Helium Ions, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The reduced-mass dependence of relativistic and radiative effects in simple muonic bound systems is investigated. The spin-dependent nuclear recoil correction of order (Zα)4μ3/m2N is evaluated for muonic hydrogen and deuterium and muonic helium ions (μ is the reduced mass and mN is the nuclear mass). Relativistic corrections to vacuum polarization of order α(Zα)4μ are calculated, with a full account of the reduced-mass dependence. The results shift theoretical predictions. The radiative-recoil correction to vacuum polarization of order α(Zα)5-ln2(Zα) μ2/mN is obtained in leading ...


Hydrogen-Deuterium Isotope Shift: From The 1s-2s-Transition Frequency To The Proton-Deuteron Charge-Radius Difference, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Arthur N. Matveev, Christian G. Parthey, Janis Alnis, Randolf Pohl, Th H. Udem, Nikolai N. Kolachevsky, Theodor Wolfgang Hansch Apr 2011

Hydrogen-Deuterium Isotope Shift: From The 1s-2s-Transition Frequency To The Proton-Deuteron Charge-Radius Difference, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Arthur N. Matveev, Christian G. Parthey, Janis Alnis, Randolf Pohl, Th H. Udem, Nikolai N. Kolachevsky, Theodor Wolfgang Hansch

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We analyze and review the theory of the hydrogen-deuterium isotope shift for the 1S-2S transition, which is one of the most accurately measured isotope shifts in any atomic system, in view of a recently improved experiment. A tabulation of all physical effects that contribute to the isotope shift is given. These include the Dirac binding energy, quantum electrodynamic effects, including recoil corrections, and the nuclear-size effect, including the pertaining relativistic and radiative corrections. From a comparison of the theoretical result Δfth=670999566.90(66)(60)kHz (exclusive of the nonrelativistic nuclear-finite-size correction) and the experimental result Δfexpt=670994334605 ...


Three-Body Dynamics In Single Ionization Of Atomic Hydrogen By 75 Kev Proton Impact, Ahmad Hasan, Michael Schulz, Aaron C. Laforge, Jason S. Alexander, M. F. Ciappina, M. A. Khakoo, Kisra Nayomal Egodapitiya Jul 2009

Three-Body Dynamics In Single Ionization Of Atomic Hydrogen By 75 Kev Proton Impact, Ahmad Hasan, Michael Schulz, Aaron C. Laforge, Jason S. Alexander, M. F. Ciappina, M. A. Khakoo, Kisra Nayomal Egodapitiya

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Doubly differential cross sections for single ionization of atomic hydrogen by 75 keV proton impact have been measured and calculated as a function of the projectile scattering angle and energy loss. This pure three-body collision system represents a fundamental test case for the study of the reaction dynamics in few-body systems. A comparison between theory and experiment reveals that three-body dynamics is important at all scattering angles and that an accurate description of the role of the projectile-target-nucleus interaction remains a major challenge to theory.


Reexamining Blackbody Shifts For Hydrogenlike Ions, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Martin K. Haas Oct 2008

Reexamining Blackbody Shifts For Hydrogenlike Ions, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Martin K. Haas

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate blackbody-induced energy shifts for low-lying levels of atomic systems, with a special emphasis on transitions used in current and planned high-precision experiments on atomic hydrogen and ionized helium. Fine-structure- and Lamb-shift-induced blackbody shifts are found to increase with the square of the nuclear charge number, whereas blackbody shifts due to virtual transitions decrease with increasing nuclear charge as the fourth power of the nuclear charge. We also investigate the decay width acquired by the ground state of atomic hydrogen, due to interaction with blackbody photons. The corresponding width is due to an instability against excitation to higher excited ...


Two-Loop Bethe Logarithms For Non- S Levels, Ulrich D. Jentschura Dec 2006

Two-Loop Bethe Logarithms For Non- S Levels, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Two-loop Bethe logarithms are calculated for excited P and D states in hydrogenlike systems, and estimates are presented for all states with higher angular momenta. These results complete our knowledge of the P and D energy levels in hydrogen at the order of α8 mec2, where me is the electron mass and c is the speed of light, and scale as Z6, where Z is the nuclear charge number. Our analytic and numerical calculations are consistent with the complete absence of logarithmic terms of order (απ)2 (Zα)6 ln [(Zα)-2] mec ...


Quantum Electrodynamic Corrections To The Hyperfine Structure Of Excited S States, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Vladimir A. Yerokhin Jun 2006

Quantum Electrodynamic Corrections To The Hyperfine Structure Of Excited S States, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Vladimir A. Yerokhin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

State-dependent quantum electrodynamic corrections are evaluated for the hyperfine splitting of nS states for arbitrary principal quantum number n. The calculations comprise both the self-energy and the vacuum-polarization correction of order α(Zα) 2 EF and the recoil correction of order (Zα)2 (m/M) EF. Higher-order corrections are summarized and partly reevaluated as well. Accurate predictions for hydrogen hyperfine splitting intervals of nS states with n=2,...,8 are presented. The results obtained are important due to steady progress in hydrogen spectroscopy for transitions involving highly excited S states.


Young-Type Interference In (E, 2e) Ionization Of H₂, D. S. Milne-Brownlie, Matthew S. Foster, Junfang Gao, B. Lohmann, Don H. Madison Jun 2006

Young-Type Interference In (E, 2e) Ionization Of H₂, D. S. Milne-Brownlie, Matthew S. Foster, Junfang Gao, B. Lohmann, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have investigated the electron impact single ionization of the hydrogen molecule, with fully determined kinematics. The experimental and theoretical results are compared with He ionization under the same conditions. The results indicate that the ejected electron angular distribution for H2 is modified due to Young-type interference between ionization amplitudes for scattering from the two centers in the hydrogen molecule. The observable result is a suppression of the backward scattering (recoil) peak compared with the binary peak.


Photoionization Broadening Of The 1s-2s Transition In A Beam Of Atomic Hydrogen, Nikolai N. Kolachevsky, Martin K. Haas, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Maximilian Herrmann, Peter Fendel, Marc P. Fischer, Ronald Holzwarth, Th H. Udem, Christoph H. Keitel, Theodor Wolfgang Hansch Jan 2006

Photoionization Broadening Of The 1s-2s Transition In A Beam Of Atomic Hydrogen, Nikolai N. Kolachevsky, Martin K. Haas, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Maximilian Herrmann, Peter Fendel, Marc P. Fischer, Ronald Holzwarth, Th H. Udem, Christoph H. Keitel, Theodor Wolfgang Hansch

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We consider the excitation dynamics of the two-photon 1S - 2S transition in a beam of atomic hydrogen by 243 nm laser radiation. Specifically, we study the impact of ionization damping on the transition line shape, caused by the possibility of ionization of the 2S level by the same laser field. Using a Monte Carlo simulation, we calculate the line shape of the 1S - 2S transition for the experimental geometry used in the two latest absolute frequency measurements [M. Niering, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000) and M. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 230802 (2004)]. The calculated line shift and linewidth ...


Theoretical Treatment Of Electron-Impact Ionization Of Molecules, Junfang Gao, Jerry Peacher, Don H. Madison Jan 2006

Theoretical Treatment Of Electron-Impact Ionization Of Molecules, Junfang Gao, Jerry Peacher, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

There is currently no reliable theory for calculating the fully differential cross section (FDCS) for low energy electron-impact ionization of molecules. All of the existing experimental FDCS data represent averages over all molecular orientations and this can be an important theoretical complication for calculations that are computer intensive. We have found that using an averaged molecular orbital is an accurate approximation for ionization of ground states. In this paper, we will describe the approximation, discuss its expected range of validity and show some FDCS results using the approximation for ionization of H2 and N2


Precise Calculation Of Transition Frequencies Of Hydrogen And Deuterium Based On A Least-Squares Analysis, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Svetlana A. Kotochigova, Eric Olivier Le Bigot, Peter J. Mohr, Barry N. Taylor Oct 2005

Precise Calculation Of Transition Frequencies Of Hydrogen And Deuterium Based On A Least-Squares Analysis, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Svetlana A. Kotochigova, Eric Olivier Le Bigot, Peter J. Mohr, Barry N. Taylor

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We combine a limited number of accurately measured transition frequencies in hydrogen and deuterium, recent quantum electrodynamics (QED) calculations, and, as an essential additional ingredient, a generalized least-squares analysis, to obtain precise and optimal predictions for hydrogen and deuterium transition frequencies. Some of the predicted transition frequencies have relative uncertainties more than an order of magnitude smaller than that of the g factor of the electron, which was previously the most accurate prediction of QED.


Complete Two-Loop Correction To The Bound-Electron Factor, Krzysztof Pachucki, Andrzej Czarnecki, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Vladimir A. Yerokhin Aug 2005

Complete Two-Loop Correction To The Bound-Electron Factor, Krzysztof Pachucki, Andrzej Czarnecki, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Vladimir A. Yerokhin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Within a systematic approach based on dimensionally regularized nonrelativistic quantum electrodynamics, we derive a complete result for the two-loop correction to order ( α/ π )2 ( Zα )4 for the g factor of an electron bound in an nS state of a hydrogenlike ion. The results obtained significantly improve the accuracy of the theoretical predictions for the hydrogenlike carbon and oxygen ions and influence the value of the electron mass inferred from g-factor measurements. D


Calculation Of Hydrogenic Bethe Logarithms For Rydberg States, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Peter J. Mohr Jul 2005

Calculation Of Hydrogenic Bethe Logarithms For Rydberg States, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Peter J. Mohr

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We describe the calculation of hydrogenic (one-loop) Bethe logarithms for all states with principal quantum numbers 200. While, in principle, the calculation of the Bethe logarithm is a rather easy computational problem involving only the nonrelativistic (Schrdinger) theory of the hydrogen atom, certain calculational difficulties affect highly excited states, and in particular states for which the principal quantum number is much larger than the orbital angular momentum quantum number. Two evaluation methods are contrasted. One of these is based on the calculation of the principal value of a specific integral over a virtual photon energy. The other method relies directly ...


Self-Energy Values For P States In Hydrogen And Low-Z Hydrogenlike Ions, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Peter J. Mohr Jul 2005

Self-Energy Values For P States In Hydrogen And Low-Z Hydrogenlike Ions, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Peter J. Mohr

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We describe a nonperturbative (in Z α ) numerical evaluation of the one-photon electron self-energy for 3P1/2 , 3P3/2 , 4P1/2, and 4P3/2 states in hydrogenlike atomic systems with charge numbers Z = 1 to 5. The numerical results are found to be in agreement with known terms in the expansion of the self-energy in powers of Z α and lead to improved theoretical predictions for the self-energy shift of these states.


Muon Transfer From Muonic Hydrogen To Atomic Oxygen And Nitrogen, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin Feb 2005

Muon Transfer From Muonic Hydrogen To Atomic Oxygen And Nitrogen, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The results of diabatic hyperspherical close-coupling calculations are presented for the charge exchange of a negative muon from muonic hydrogen to oxygen and nitrogen for collision energies from 10-3 to 103 eV. It is shown that converged results can be obtained using a much smaller number of channels than in the traditional adiabatic approach. For the energy range below 10 eV our results for nitrogen are in good agreements with the available experimental data and the recent calculations within hyperspherical elliptic coordinates. However, discrepancies were found in the case of oxygen, where a p -wave shape resonance is ...


Tunable Conductivity And Conduction Mechanism In An Ultraviolet Light Activated Electronic Conductor, Mariana I. Bertoni, Thomas O. Mason, Julia E. Medvedeva, Arthur J. Freeman, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier, B. Delley Jan 2005

Tunable Conductivity And Conduction Mechanism In An Ultraviolet Light Activated Electronic Conductor, Mariana I. Bertoni, Thomas O. Mason, Julia E. Medvedeva, Arthur J. Freeman, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier, B. Delley

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A tunable conductivity has been achieved by controllable substitution of an ultraviolet light activated electronic conductor. The transparent conducting oxide system H-doped Ca12-xMgxAl14O33 (x=0,0.1,0.3,0.5,0.8,1.0) presents a conductivity that is strongly dependent on the substitution level and temperature. Four-point dc-conductivity decreases with x from 0.26 S/cm (x=0) to 0.106 S/cm (x=1) at room temperature. At each composition the conductivity increases (reversibly with temperature) until a decomposition temperature is reached; above this value, the conductivity drops dramatically due to hydrogen recombination and loss. The observed ...


Breakup Of H₂ In Singly Ionizing Collisions With Fast Protons: Channel-Selective Low-Energy Electron Spectra, Christina Dimopoulou, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer, C. Hohr, Alexander Dorn, Pablo Daniel Fainstein, Jose R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, Claus Dieter Schroter, Holger Kollmus, Rido Mann, Siegbert Hagmann, Joachim Hermann Ullrich Sep 2004

Breakup Of H₂ In Singly Ionizing Collisions With Fast Protons: Channel-Selective Low-Energy Electron Spectra, Christina Dimopoulou, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer, C. Hohr, Alexander Dorn, Pablo Daniel Fainstein, Jose R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, Claus Dieter Schroter, Holger Kollmus, Rido Mann, Siegbert Hagmann, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The dissociation of H2 in singly ionizing collisions with fast protons was analyzed using channel-selective low-energy electron spectra. Dissociative and nondissociative single ionization of H2 by 6MeV proton impact was described in a kinematically by determining momentum vectors of electron and H+ fragment of H2+ target ion, respectively. The electron spectra exhibited role of autoionization of doubly and singly excited states of H2. The doubly and singly excited states of H2 involve coupling between electronic and nuclear motion of molecule.


Electronic Structure And Light-Induced Conductivity Of A Transparent Refractory Oxide, Julia E. Medvedeva, Arthur J. Freeman, Mariana I. Bertoni, Thomas O. Mason Jul 2004

Electronic Structure And Light-Induced Conductivity Of A Transparent Refractory Oxide, Julia E. Medvedeva, Arthur J. Freeman, Mariana I. Bertoni, Thomas O. Mason

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Combined first-principles and experimental investigations reveal the underlying mechanism responsible for a drastic change of the conductivity (by 10 orders of magnitude) following hydrogen annealing and UV irradiation in a transparent oxide, 12CaO · 7Al2O3, found by Hayashi et al. [Nature (London) 419, 462 (2002).] The charge transport associated with photoexcitation of an electron from H- occurs by electron hopping.We identify the atoms participating in the hops, determine the exact paths for the carrier migration, estimate the temperature behavior of the hopping transport, and predict a way to enhance the conductivity by specific doping.


New Limits On The Drift Of Fundamental Constants From Laboratory Measurements, Marc P. Fischer, Nikolai N. Kolachevsky, Marcus Zimmermann, Ronald Holzwarth, Th H. Udem, Theodor Wolfgang Hansch, Michel Abgrall, Jan Grunert, Ivan Maksimovic, Sebastien Bize, Harold Marion, Franck Pereira M Dos Santos, Pierre Lemonde, Giorgio Santarelli, Ph Laurent, Andre Clairon, Christophe Salomon, Martin K. Haas, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Christoph H. Keitel Jun 2004

New Limits On The Drift Of Fundamental Constants From Laboratory Measurements, Marc P. Fischer, Nikolai N. Kolachevsky, Marcus Zimmermann, Ronald Holzwarth, Th H. Udem, Theodor Wolfgang Hansch, Michel Abgrall, Jan Grunert, Ivan Maksimovic, Sebastien Bize, Harold Marion, Franck Pereira M Dos Santos, Pierre Lemonde, Giorgio Santarelli, Ph Laurent, Andre Clairon, Christophe Salomon, Martin K. Haas, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Christoph H. Keitel

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have remeasured the absolute 1S-2S transition frequency νH in atomic hydrogen. A comparison with the result of the previous measurement performed in 1999 sets a limit of (-29 ± 57) Hz for the drift of νH with respect to the ground state hyperfine splitting νCs in 133Cs. Combining this result with the recently published optical transition frequency in 199Hg+ against νCs and a microwave 87Rb and 133Cs clock comparison, we deduce separate limits on α˙ / α = (-0.9 &plusm; 2.9) x 10-15 yr-1 and the fractional time variation of the ...


Electron Self-Energy For Higher Excited S Levels, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Peter J. Mohr Jun 2004

Electron Self-Energy For Higher Excited S Levels, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Peter J. Mohr

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A nonperturbative numerical evaluation of the one-photon electron self-energy for the 3S and 4S states with charge numbers Z=1 to 5 is described. The numerical results are in agreement with known terms in the expansion of the self-energy in powers of Zα.


Self-Energy Correction To The Two-Photon Decay Width In Hydrogenlike Atoms, Ulrich D. Jentschura May 2004

Self-Energy Correction To The Two-Photon Decay Width In Hydrogenlike Atoms, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate the guage invariance of the leading logarithmic radiative correction to the two-photon decay width in hydrogenlike atoms, was investigated. The effective treatment of the correction using a Lamb-shift led to the equivalent results in both the length and velocity gages. The relevant radiative corrections were found to be related to the energies that entered into the propagator denominators, to the Hamiltonian, to the wave functions, and to the energy conservation condition, that holds between two photons. The results show that the dominant radiative correction to the 2S two-photon decay width is about -2.020 536(α/π)(Zα ...


Protonium Formation In The P̅-H Collision At Low Energies By A Diabatic Approach, M. Hesse, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin May 2004

Protonium Formation In The P̅-H Collision At Low Energies By A Diabatic Approach, M. Hesse, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present a diabatization technique in combination with the recently developed hyperspherical close coupling (HSCC) method. In contrast to the strict diabatization, our simple diabatization procedure transforms only sharp avoided crossings in the adiabatic hyperspherical potential curves into real crossings. With this approach, the weak collision channels can be removed from the close-coupling calculations. This method is used to study the antiproton-hydrogen collision at low energies. In the case of a scaled down (anti)proton mass, we show that a 10-channel calculation is enough to obtain converged cross sections at low energies. The results also indicate that protonium formation occurs ...


Charge Transfer In Slow Collisions Of C⁴⁺ With H Below 1 Kev/Amu, Chen-Nan Liu, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin Dec 2003

Charge Transfer In Slow Collisions Of C⁴⁺ With H Below 1 Kev/Amu, Chen-Nan Liu, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We reexamined charge-transfer cross sections for C⁴⁺ + H collisions for energies from 1 meV/amu to 1 keV/amu using the recently developed hyperspherical close-coupling method. Our results agree with several previous theoretical calculations using molecular-orbital expansion. However, these converged theoretical predictions do not agree with total cross sections from the merged-beam experiments.


Perturbation Approach To The Self-Energy Of Non-S Hydrogenic States, Eric Olivier Le Bigot, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Peter J. Mohr, Paul Indelicato, Gerhard Soff Oct 2003

Perturbation Approach To The Self-Energy Of Non-S Hydrogenic States, Eric Olivier Le Bigot, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Peter J. Mohr, Paul Indelicato, Gerhard Soff

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present results on the self-energy correction to the energy levels of hydrogen and hydrogenlike ions. The self energy represents the largest QED correction to the relativistic (Dirac-Coulomb) energy of a bound electron. We focus on the perturbation expansion of the self energy of non-S states, and provide estimates of the so-called A60 perturbative coefficient, which can be considered as a relativistic Bethe logarithm. Precise values of A60 are given for many P, D, F and G states, while estimates are given for other electronic states. These results can be used in high-precision spectroscopy experiments in hydrogen and ...


Perturbative And Nonperturbative Calculations Of Electron-Hydrogen Ionization, Stephenie J. Jones, Don H. Madison, Mark D. Baertschy Jan 2003

Perturbative And Nonperturbative Calculations Of Electron-Hydrogen Ionization, Stephenie J. Jones, Don H. Madison, Mark D. Baertschy

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We compare calculations of the fully differential cross section for ionization of atomic hydrogen by electron impact using two different theories-the perturbative CDW-EIS (continuum distorted wave with eikonal initial state) approximation and the nonperturbative ECS (exterior complex scaling) method. For this comparison, we chose an impact energy of 54.4 eV, since this is near the lowest energy that our perturbative approach would be applicable and near the highest energy that can be tackled by the ECS method with our present computational resources. For the case of equal-energy outgoing electrons investigated here, the two theories predict nearly identical results except ...


Double-Logarithmic Two-Loop Self-Energy Corrections To The Lamb Shift, Ulrich D. Jentschura, I. Nandori Aug 2002

Double-Logarithmic Two-Loop Self-Energy Corrections To The Lamb Shift, Ulrich D. Jentschura, I. Nandori

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Self-energy corrections involving logarithms of the parameter Z α can often be derived within a simplified approach, avoiding calculational difficulties typical of the problematic nonlogarithmic corrections (as customary in bound-state quantum electrodynamics, we denote by Z the nuclear charge number, and by α the fine-structure constant). For some logarithmic corrections, it is sufficient to consider internal properties of the electron characterized by form factors. We provide a detailed derivation of related self-energy “potentials” that give rise to the logarithmic corrections; these potentials are local in coordinate space. We focus on the double-logarithmic two-loop coefficient B62 for P states and ...


Coincident Fragment Detection In Strong Field Photoionization And Dissociation Of H₂, Horst Rottke, Christoph Trump, M. Wittmann, Georg Korn, Wolfgang Sandner, Robert Moshammer, Alexander Dorn, Claus Dieter Schroter, Daniel Fischer, Jose R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, Paul B. Neumayer, J. Deipenwisch, C. Hohr, Bernold Feuerstein, Joachim Hermann Ullrich Jul 2002

Coincident Fragment Detection In Strong Field Photoionization And Dissociation Of H₂, Horst Rottke, Christoph Trump, M. Wittmann, Georg Korn, Wolfgang Sandner, Robert Moshammer, Alexander Dorn, Claus Dieter Schroter, Daniel Fischer, Jose R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, Paul B. Neumayer, J. Deipenwisch, C. Hohr, Bernold Feuerstein, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

An investigation of the correlated electronic and nuclear motion in fragmentation of H2 in 4 x 1014 W/cm2, fs laser pulses at 795 nm was presented using the electron-ion momentum spectroscopy. The channel selective electron energy distribution indicated assumption of a new H2 ionization mechanism to interpret the differences found in the fragmentation channels. The results showed that the momentum distribution of H+ ions in the dissociation channels H(1s) + H+ + e- and 2H+ + 2e- was independent of the kinetic energy of photoelectrons.