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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

A Dynamical (E,2e) Investigation Into The Ionization Of The Outermost Orbitals Of R-Carvone, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, C. G. Ning, F. Ferreira Da Silva, O. Ingolfsson, M. C. A. Lopes, H. S. Chakraborty, Don H. Madison, M. J. Brunger Sep 2019

A Dynamical (E,2e) Investigation Into The Ionization Of The Outermost Orbitals Of R-Carvone, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, C. G. Ning, F. Ferreira Da Silva, O. Ingolfsson, M. C. A. Lopes, H. S. Chakraborty, Don H. Madison, M. J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report an experimental and theoretical investigation into the dynamics of electron-impact ionization of R-carvone. Experimental triple differential cross sections are obtained in asymmetric coplanar kinematic conditions for the ionization of the unresolved combination of the three outermost molecular orbitals (41a-39a) of R-carvone. These cross sections are compared with theoretical cross sections calculated within a molecular 3-body distorted wave (M3DW) framework employing either a proper orientation average or orbital average to account for the random orientation of the molecule probed in the experiment. Here, we observe that the overall scattering behavior observed in the experiment is fairly well reproduced within ...


Multicenter Distorted-Wave Approach For Electron-Impact Ionization Of Molecules, Esam Ali, Don H. Madison Jul 2019

Multicenter Distorted-Wave Approach For Electron-Impact Ionization Of Molecules, Esam Ali, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have previously used the molecular three-body distorted-wave model to examine electron-impact single ionization of molecules. One of the possible weaknesses of this approach lies in the fact that the continuum electron wave functions do not depend on the orientation of the molecule. Here we introduce a model called the multicenter molecular three-body distorted-wave (MCM3DW) approach, for which the continuum electron wave functions depend on the orientation of the molecule at the time of ionization. The MCM3DW results are compared with experimental data taken from work by Dorn and colleagues [Ren, Phys. Rev. A 91, 032707 (2015)10.1103/PhysRevA ...


Low Energy Electron And Positron Impact Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Water Molecules In The Coplanar And Perpendicular Kinematics, P. Singh, G. Purohit, C. Champion, D. Sebilleau, Don H. Madison Feb 2019

Low Energy Electron And Positron Impact Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Water Molecules In The Coplanar And Perpendicular Kinematics, P. Singh, G. Purohit, C. Champion, D. Sebilleau, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report here triply differential cross sections (TDCSs) for 81 eV electron and positron-impact ionization of the combined (1b1 + 3a1 ) orbitals of the water molecule by using the second-order distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA2) for ejection electron and positron energies of 5 eV and 10 eV and different momentum transfer conditions. The electron-impact TDCS will be compared with the experimental data measured by Ren et al. [Phys. Rev. A 95, 022701 (2017)] and with the molecular 3-body distorted wave (M3DW) approximation results in the scattering plane as well as the perpendicular plane. The DWBA2 results are in better ...


Real-Time Observation Of Molecular Spinning With Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy, Lixin He, Pengfei Lan, Anh-Thu Le, Baoning Wang, Bincheng Wang, Xiaosong Zhu, Peixiang Lu, C. D. Lin Oct 2018

Real-Time Observation Of Molecular Spinning With Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy, Lixin He, Pengfei Lan, Anh-Thu Le, Baoning Wang, Bincheng Wang, Xiaosong Zhu, Peixiang Lu, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We demonstrate an angular high-harmonic spectroscopy method to probe the spinning dynamics of a molecular rotation wave packet in real time. With the excitation of two time-delayed, polarization-skewed pump pulses, the molecular ensemble is impulsively kicked to rotate unidirectionally, which is subsequently irradiated by another delayed probe pulse for high-order harmonic generation (HHG). The spatiotemporal evolution of the molecular rotation wave packet is visualized from the time-dependent angular distributions of the HHG yields and frequency shift measured at various polarization directions and time delays of the probe pulse. The observed frequency shift in HHG is demonstrated to arise from the ...


Dynamic Effects In Electron Momentum Spectroscopy Of Sulfur Hexafluoride, Xing Wang, Shenyue Xu, Chuangang Ning, O. Al-Hagan, Pengfei Hu, Yongtao Zhao, Zhongfen Xu, Jingkang Deng, Enliang Wang, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison Jun 2018

Dynamic Effects In Electron Momentum Spectroscopy Of Sulfur Hexafluoride, Xing Wang, Shenyue Xu, Chuangang Ning, O. Al-Hagan, Pengfei Hu, Yongtao Zhao, Zhongfen Xu, Jingkang Deng, Enliang Wang, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Electron momentum spectroscopy (EMS) results are presented for the sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) molecule using a high-resolution binary (e, 2e) spectrometer at incident energies (Ei) of 600, 1200, and 2400 eV plus the binding energy. The valence orbital momentum profiles were measured with a binding energy resolution of 0.68 eV and angular resolutions of Δθ = ±0.6⁰, ΔΦ = ±0.85⁰. Whereas the two higher incident energies are in the range where normally EMS measurements do not exhibit an impact-energy dependence, the current experimental data display a dynamic dependence on the impact energies. The measured momentum profiles are compared with predictions ...


Influence Of Permanent Dipole And Dynamic Core-Electron Polarization On Tunneling Ionization Of Polar Molecules, Van-Hung Hoang, Song-Feng Zhao, Van-Hoang Le, Anh-Thu Le Feb 2017

Influence Of Permanent Dipole And Dynamic Core-Electron Polarization On Tunneling Ionization Of Polar Molecules, Van-Hung Hoang, Song-Feng Zhao, Van-Hoang Le, Anh-Thu Le

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present a detailed theoretical investigation on strong-field ionization of polar (CO and NO) as well as nonpolar molecules (N₂, O₂, and CO₂). Our results indicate that accounting for the Stark correction in the molecular tunneling ionization theory leads to overall fairly good agreements with numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation. Furthermore, we show that the effect of dynamic core-electron polarization, in general, has a weak influence on the angle-dependent ionization probability. However, in the case of CO we confirm the recent finding by B. Zhang, J. Yuan, and Z. Zhao [Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 163001 (2013)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103 ...


Probing And Extracting The Structure Of Vibrating Sf₆ Molecules With Inner-Shell Photoelectrons, Ngoc-Ty Nguyen, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin, Anh-Thu Le Jun 2016

Probing And Extracting The Structure Of Vibrating Sf₆ Molecules With Inner-Shell Photoelectrons, Ngoc-Ty Nguyen, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin, Anh-Thu Le

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We propose a scheme for probing the structure of vibrating molecules with photoelectrons generated from ultrashort soft-x-ray pulses. As an example we analyze below-100-eV photoelectrons liberated from the S(2p) orbital of vibrating SF₆ molecules to image very small structural changes of molecular vibration. In particular, photoionization cross sections and photoelectron angular distributions (PAD) at nonequilibrium geometries can be retrieved accurately with photoelectrons near the shape resonance at 13 eV. This is achieved with a pump-probe scheme, in which the symmetric stretch mode is first Raman excited predominantly by a relatively short laser pulse and then later probed at different ...


Analytical Model For Calibrating Laser Intensity In Strong-Field-Ionization Experiments, Song-Feng. Zhao, Anh-Thu Le, Cheng Jin, Xu Wang, C. D. Lin Feb 2016

Analytical Model For Calibrating Laser Intensity In Strong-Field-Ionization Experiments, Song-Feng. Zhao, Anh-Thu Le, Cheng Jin, Xu Wang, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The interaction of an intense laser pulse with atoms and molecules depends extremely nonlinearly on the laser intensity. Yet experimentally there still exists no simple reliable methods for determining the peak laser intensity within the focused volume. Here we present a simple method, based on an improved Perelomov-Popov-Terent'ev model, that would allow the calibration of laser intensities from the measured ionization signals of atoms or molecules. The model is first examined by comparing ionization probabilities (or signals) of atoms and several simple diatomic molecules with those from solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation. We then show the possibility of using ...


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Electron-Impact-Ionization Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Ethane, Esam Ali, Kate Nixon, Andrw Murray, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Oct 2015

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Electron-Impact-Ionization Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Ethane, Esam Ali, Kate Nixon, Andrw Murray, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have recently examined electron-impact ionization of molecules that have one large atom at the center, surrounded by H nuclei (H2O, NH3, CH4). All of these molecules have ten electrons; however, they vary in their molecular symmetry. We found that the triple-differential cross sections (TDCSs) for the highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMOs) were similar, as was the character of the HOMO orbitals which had a p-type "peanut" shape. In this work, we examine ethane (C2H6) which is a molecule that has two large atoms surrounded by H nuclei, so that its HOMO has ...


Theoretical And Experimental Study Of (E,2e) Ionization Of The Co₂ (1ΠG) Molecule At 250 Ev, Mevlut Dogan, Zehra Nur Ozer, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Boghos B. Joulakian, Esam S M Ali, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

Theoretical And Experimental Study Of (E,2e) Ionization Of The Co₂ (1ΠG) Molecule At 250 Ev, Mevlut Dogan, Zehra Nur Ozer, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Boghos B. Joulakian, Esam S M Ali, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) of the electron-impact ionization of carbon dioxide are measured in the coplanar asymmetric geometry, with incident electron energy value of 250eV, and ejected electron of 37eV. We will report the experimental results in comparison with the theoretical calculations of the M3DW and TCC (type 5) calculations.


First Evidence Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of N₂ Molecule, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Mevlut Dogan, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

First Evidence Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of N₂ Molecule, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Mevlut Dogan, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We will present an experimental and theoretical investigation of triple differential cross sections for electron- impact ionization of nitrogen molecules at intermediate energies. A discussion of interference effects contained in the theoretical and experimental interference factors will be presented.


Interference Effects For Intermediate Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂ And N₂ Molecules, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Mevlut Dogan Jul 2015

Interference Effects For Intermediate Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂ And N₂ Molecules, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Mevlut Dogan

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have studied electron impact ionization of H2 and N2 molecules at intermediate energies to look for possible two center interference effects experimentally and theoretically. Here we report a study of the interference factor I for 250 eV electron-impact ionization. The experimental measurements are performed using a crossed-beam-type electron-electron coincidence spectrometer and theoretical calculations are obtained using the Molecular Three Body Distorted Wave Approximation (M3DW). We found that the I-factor demonstrated strong evidence for two-center interference effects for both H2 and N2. We also found that the I-factor is more sensitive to projectile angular scans than ...


Target Electron Ionization In Li²⁺-L-Li Collisions: A Multi-Electron Perspective, Maciej Dominik Piewanowski, Laszlo Gulyas, Marko W. Horbatsch, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Renate Hubele, Vitor L B D De Jesus, H. Lindenblatt, Katharina R. Schneider, Michael Schulz, Michael Schuricke, Z. Song, Shaofeng Zhang, Daniel Fischer, Tom Kirchner Apr 2015

Target Electron Ionization In Li²⁺-L-Li Collisions: A Multi-Electron Perspective, Maciej Dominik Piewanowski, Laszlo Gulyas, Marko W. Horbatsch, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Renate Hubele, Vitor L B D De Jesus, H. Lindenblatt, Katharina R. Schneider, Michael Schulz, Michael Schuricke, Z. Song, Shaofeng Zhang, Daniel Fischer, Tom Kirchner

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Target electron removal in Li2+-Li collisions at 2290 keV/amu is studied experimentally and theoretically for ground and excited lithium target configurations. It is shown that in outer-shell ionization a single-electron process plays the dominant part. However, the K-shell ionization results are more difficult to interpret. According to our calculations, the process is shown to be strongly single-particle like. On one hand, a high resemblance between theoretical single-particle ionization and exclusive inner-shell ionization is demonstrated, and contributions from multi-electron processes are found to be weak. On the other hand, it is indicated by the discrepancy between experimental and ...


Theoretical Triple-Differential Cross Sections Of A Methane Molecule By A Proper-Average Method, Hari Chaluvadi, C. G. Ning, Don H. Madison Jun 2014

Theoretical Triple-Differential Cross Sections Of A Methane Molecule By A Proper-Average Method, Hari Chaluvadi, C. G. Ning, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

For the last few years, our group has calculated cross sections for electron-impact ionization of molecules using the molecular three-body distorted-wave approximation coupled with the orientation-averaged molecular orbital (OAMO) approximation. This approximation was very successful for calculating ionization cross sections for hydrogen molecules and to a lesser extent nitrogen molecules. Recently we used the approximation to calculate single ionization cross sections for the 1t2 state of methane (CH4) and we found major discrepancies with the experimental data. Here we investigate the validity of the OAMO approximation by calculating cross sections that have been properly averaged over all molecular ...


High-Order-Harmonic Generation From Molecular Isomers With Midinfrared Intense Laser Pulses, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin Aug 2013

High-Order-Harmonic Generation From Molecular Isomers With Midinfrared Intense Laser Pulses, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present theoretical calculations of high-order-harmonic generation (HHG) from stereoisomers of 1,2-dichloroethylene (C₂H₂Cl₂) and 2-butene (C₄H₈) based on the quantitative rescattering theory. Our results show that the HHG spectra from these cis and trans isomers with intense midinfrared laser pulses are clearly distinguishable, even when the molecules are randomly oriented, in good agreement with the recent experiments by Wonget al. [Phys. Rev. A 84, 051403(R) (2011)]. We found that the angle-averaged tunneling ionization yields and photoionization cross sections from the cis and trans isomers for both molecules are nearly identical. The origin of the differences in HHG spectra ...


Effect Of Projectile Coherence On Atomic Fragmentation Processes, Michael Schulz, Kisra N. Egodapitiya, Sachin D. Sharma, Aaron C. Laforge, Robert Moshammer, A. A. Hasan, Don H. Madison Jan 2012

Effect Of Projectile Coherence On Atomic Fragmentation Processes, Michael Schulz, Kisra N. Egodapitiya, Sachin D. Sharma, Aaron C. Laforge, Robert Moshammer, A. A. Hasan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We demonstrate that the projectile coherence can have a major impact on atomic fragmentation processes. This has been overlooked for decades in formal scattering theory and may explain puzzling discrepancies between theoretical and experimental fully differential cross sections for single ionization.


Comparison Of Experiment And Theory For Electron Impact Ionization Of Isoelectronic Atoms And Molecules, Hari Chaluvadi, Kate L. Nixon, Sadek M. Amami, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison Jan 2012

Comparison Of Experiment And Theory For Electron Impact Ionization Of Isoelectronic Atoms And Molecules, Hari Chaluvadi, Kate L. Nixon, Sadek M. Amami, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Experimental and Theoretical Triply Differential Cross sections will be presented for low energy electron impact ionization of Ne, CH4, and NH3. The collision mechanisms responsible for the various structures found in the cross sections will be discussed.


Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of H₂ By 75kev Proton Impact, Ujjal Chowdhury, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison Jan 2012

Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of H₂ By 75kev Proton Impact, Ujjal Chowdhury, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have calculated Triply differential cross sections (TDCS) and doubly differential cross sections (DDCS) for single ionization of H2 by 75 keV proton impact using the molecular 3 body distorted wave Eikonal initial state (M3DW-EIS) approach. Previously published measured DDCS-P (differential in the projectile scattering angle and integrated over the ejected electron angles) found pronounced structures at relatively large angles which were interpreted as an interference resulting from the two-centered potential of the molecule.


Young-Type Interference In Projectile-Electron Loss In Energetic Ion-Molecule Collisions, Alexander B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, Daniel Fischer, Anton N. Artemyev, Andrey S. Surzhykov Jun 2011

Young-Type Interference In Projectile-Electron Loss In Energetic Ion-Molecule Collisions, Alexander B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, Daniel Fischer, Anton N. Artemyev, Andrey S. Surzhykov

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Under certain conditions an electron bound in a fast projectile ion, colliding with a molecule, interacts mainly with the nuclei and inner shell electrons of atoms forming the molecule. Because of their compact localization in space and distinct separation from each other, these molecular centers play in such collisions a role similar to that of optical slits in light scattering leading to pronounced interference in the spectra of the electron emitted from the projectile.


Dynamical (E, 2e) Studies Using Tetrahydrofuran As A Dna Analogue, Christopher J. Colyer, Susan M. Bellm, G. Friedrich Hanne, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann Jan 2011

Dynamical (E, 2e) Studies Using Tetrahydrofuran As A Dna Analogue, Christopher J. Colyer, Susan M. Bellm, G. Friedrich Hanne, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present dynamical (e, 2e) measurements for the electron impact ionization of formic acid and tetrahydrofuran molecules performed under similar kinematics. The experiments have been performed in the coplanar asymmetric geometry for a range of momentum transfers, at an incident electron energy of 250 eV and with an ejected electron energy of 10eV. The experimental results are compared with theoretical calculations carried out using the molecular 3-body distorted wave (M3DW) model.


Effect Of An Improved Molecular Potential On Strong-Field Tunneling Ionization Of Molecules, Song-Feng Zhao, Cheng Jin, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin Sep 2010

Effect Of An Improved Molecular Potential On Strong-Field Tunneling Ionization Of Molecules, Song-Feng Zhao, Cheng Jin, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We study the effect of one-electron model potentials on the tunneling ionization rates of molecules in strong fields. By including electron correlation using the modified Leeuwen-Baerends (LB α) model, the binding energies of outer shells of molecules are significantly improved. However, we show that the tunneling ionization rates from the LB α do not differ much from the earlier calculations [Phys. Rev. A 81, 033423 (2010)], in which the local correlation potential was neglected.


Self-Imaging Of Molecules From Diffraction Spectra By Laser-Induced Rescattering Electrons, Junliang Xu, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin Sep 2010

Self-Imaging Of Molecules From Diffraction Spectra By Laser-Induced Rescattering Electrons, Junliang Xu, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We study high-energy angle-resolved photoelectron spectra of molecules in strong fields. In an oscillating laser electric field, electrons released earlier in the pulse may return to recollide with the target ion, in a process similar to scattering by laboratory prepared electrons. If midinfrared lasers are used, we show that the images generated by the returning electrons are similar to images observed in typical gas-phase electron diffraction (GED). These spectra can be used to retrieve the positions of atoms in a molecule as in GED. Since infrared laser pulses of durations of a few femtoseconds are already available today, the study ...


Polarization And Ellipticity Of High-Order Harmonics From Aligned Molecules Generated By Linearly Polarized Intense Laser Pulses, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin Aug 2010

Polarization And Ellipticity Of High-Order Harmonics From Aligned Molecules Generated By Linearly Polarized Intense Laser Pulses, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present theoretical calculations for polarization and ellipticity of high-order harmonics from aligned N₂, CO₂, and O₂ molecules generated by linearly polarized lasers. Within the rescattering model, the two polarization amplitudes of the harmonics are determined by the photo-recombination amplitudes for photons emitted with polarization parallel or perpendicular to the direction of the same returning electron wave packet. Our results show clear species-dependent polarization states, in excellent agreement with experiments. We further note that the measured polarization ellipse of the harmonic furnishes the needed parameters for a "complete" experiment in molecules.


Determination Of Structure Parameters In Strong-Field Tunneling Ionization Theory Of Molecules, Song-Feng Zhao, Cheng Jin, Anh-Thu Le, T. F. Jiang, C. D. Lin Mar 2010

Determination Of Structure Parameters In Strong-Field Tunneling Ionization Theory Of Molecules, Song-Feng Zhao, Cheng Jin, Anh-Thu Le, T. F. Jiang, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

In the strong field molecular tunneling ionization theory of Tong et al. [Phys. Rev. A 66, 033402 (2002)], the ionization rate depends on the asymptotic wave function of the molecular orbital from which the electron is removed. The orbital wave functions obtained from standard quantum chemistry packages in general are not good enough in the asymptotic region. Here we construct a one-electron model potential for several linear molecules using density functional theory. We show that the asymptotic wave function can be improved with an iteration method and after one iteration accurate asymptotic wave functions and structure parameters are determined. With ...


Recent Theoretical Progress In Treating Electron Impact Ionization Of Molecules, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Chuangang Ning, Kate L. Nixon, Andrew James Murray, Christopher J. Colyer, Mark A. Stevenson, B. Lohmann, Don H. Madison Jan 2010

Recent Theoretical Progress In Treating Electron Impact Ionization Of Molecules, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Chuangang Ning, Kate L. Nixon, Andrew James Murray, Christopher J. Colyer, Mark A. Stevenson, B. Lohmann, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

(e,2e) ionization differential cross sections are presented for several molecules. We will compare experimental results with theoretical calculations using the molecular three body distorted wave (M3DW) approximations for H 2, N2, H2O and Formic Acid (FA) using better wave-function for the molecules than we had in previous works. Generally, good agreement is found between the M3DW approach and experiments.


Quantitative Rescattering Theory For High-Order Harmonic Generation From Molecules, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, S. Tonzani, Toru Morishita, C. D. Lin Jul 2009

Quantitative Rescattering Theory For High-Order Harmonic Generation From Molecules, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, S. Tonzani, Toru Morishita, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The quantitative rescattering theory (QRS) for high-order harmonic generation (HHG) by intense laser pulses is presented. According to the QRS, HHG spectra can be expressed as a product of a returning electron wave packet and the photorecombination differential cross section of the laser-free continuum electron back to the initial bound state. We show that the shape of the returning electron wave packet is determined mostly by the laser. The returning electron wave packets can be obtained from the strong-field approximation or from the solution of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation (TDSE) for a reference atom. The validity of the QRS is ...


Probing Molecular Frame Photoionization Via Laser Generated High-Order Harmonics From Aligned Molecules, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, M. T. Lee, C. D. Lin May 2009

Probing Molecular Frame Photoionization Via Laser Generated High-Order Harmonics From Aligned Molecules, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, M. T. Lee, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Present experiments cannot measure molecular frame photoelectron angular distributions (MFPAD) for ionization from the outermost valence orbitals of molecules. We show that the details of MFPAD can be retrieved with high-order harmonics generated by infrared lasers from aligned molecules. Using accurately calculated photoionization transition dipole moments for fixed-in-space molecules, we show that the dependence of the magnitude and phase of the high-order harmonics on the alignment angle of the molecules observed in recent experiments can be quantitatively reproduced. This result provides the needed theoretical basis for ultrafast dynamic chemical imaging using infrared laser pulses.


Evidence Of Two-Center Interference In High-Order Harmonic Generation From Co₂, Anh-Thu Le, Xiao-Min Tong, C. D. Lin Apr 2006

Evidence Of Two-Center Interference In High-Order Harmonic Generation From Co₂, Anh-Thu Le, Xiao-Min Tong, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Two recent pump-probe experiments on the high-order harmonic generation (HHG) from partially aligned CO₂ molecules have shown that the HHG yields versus the ionization rates as functions of the pump-probe delay time exhibit inverted modulation. The inversion has been attributed to the quantum interference in the recombination process from the two oxygen centers. Using the Lewenstein model to calculate HHG from fixed CO₂ molecules and taking into account the partial alignment of the molecules versus the time delay, we interpret that the inversion is due to the degree of overlap between the partially aligned molecules and the angular dependence of ...


Nature Of Charge Carriers In Disordered Molecular Solids: Are Polarons Compatible With Observations?, Paul Ernest Parris, Vasudev M. Kenkre, David H. Dunlap Sep 2001

Nature Of Charge Carriers In Disordered Molecular Solids: Are Polarons Compatible With Observations?, Paul Ernest Parris, Vasudev M. Kenkre, David H. Dunlap

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Polaronic theories for charge transport in disordered organic solids, particularly molecularly doped polymers, have been plagued by issues of internal consistency related to the magnitude of physical parameters. We present a natural resolution of the problem by showing that, in the presence of correlated disorder, polaronic carriers with binding energies Δ ~ 50 - 500 meV and transfer integrals J ~ 1 - 20 meV are completely consistent with the magnitudes of field and temperature dependent mobilities observed.