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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

The Effect Of Cu-Doping On The Magnetic And Transport Properties Of La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Mno₃, M. S. Kim, Jinbo Yang, Qingsheng Cai, X.-D. Zhou, William B. Yelon, Paul Ernest Parris, William Joseph James Jan 2005

The Effect Of Cu-Doping On The Magnetic And Transport Properties Of La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Mno₃, M. S. Kim, Jinbo Yang, Qingsheng Cai, X.-D. Zhou, William B. Yelon, Paul Ernest Parris, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The effects of Cu-doping on the structural, magnetic, and transport properties of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1xCuxO3 (0<=x<=0.20) have been studied using neutron diffraction, magnetization, and magnetoresistance (MR) measurements. All samples show the rhombohedral structure with the R[overline 3]c space-group from 10 K to room temperature (RT). Neutron diffraction data suggest that some of the Cu ions have a Cu3+ state in these compounds. The substitution of Mn by Cu affects the MnO bond length and Mn-O-Mn bond angle resulting from the minimization of the distortion of the MnO6 octahedron. Resistivity measurements show that a metal to insulator transition occurs for the x>=0.15 samples. The x=0.15 sample shows the highest MR([approximate]80%), which might result from the co-existence of Cu3-Cu2+ and the dilution effect of Cu-doping on the double exchange interaction


Magnetic And Mössbauer Studies On Oxygen Deficient Perovskite, La₀.₆Sr₀.₄Feo3-Δ, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, X.-D. Zhou, Yixiang Xie, Harlan U. Anderson, Zili Chu May 2002

Magnetic And Mössbauer Studies On Oxygen Deficient Perovskite, La₀.₆Sr₀.₄Feo3-Δ, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, X.-D. Zhou, Yixiang Xie, Harlan U. Anderson, Zili Chu

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Samples of La0.6Sr0.4Fe3-δ with varying oxygen vacancy contents were prepared by heating them in different gas flows. Magnetization measurement showed that samples with low oxygen vacancies have a magnetic ordering temperature in the range of 300-325 K while those with 9%-12% oxygen vacancies have a magnetic ordering temperature of 800 K and higher. Mössbauer spectra at 300 K exhibit paramagnetic or weak magnetic characteristics for the N2, O2, and air-quenched samples, whereas an average hyperfine field of 52 T is found for the CO/CO2 reduced samples. The heat ...


Effect Of Oxygen Vacancies On The Magnetic Structure Of The La₀.₆Sr₀.₄Feo3-Δ Perovskite: A Neutron Diffraction Study, Zili Chu, William B. Yelon, Jinbo Yang, William Joseph James, Harlan U. Anderson, Yixiang Xie, Satish K. Malik Jan 2002

Effect Of Oxygen Vacancies On The Magnetic Structure Of The La₀.₆Sr₀.₄Feo3-Δ Perovskite: A Neutron Diffraction Study, Zili Chu, William B. Yelon, Jinbo Yang, William Joseph James, Harlan U. Anderson, Yixiang Xie, Satish K. Malik

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Magnetic interactions in perovskite compounds of the type La1-xSrxMO3-δ (M=3d transition such as Mn and Fe) are presumed to arise through a super exchange between 3d electrons of the magnetic ions via oxygen orbitals. The magnetic structure of La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-δ has been studied with neutron diffraction. Oxygen vacancies were created by annealing samples under various gases including N2, air and mixtures of CO/CO2. All La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-δ compounds maintain the rhombohedral structure (space group R3̄c). The air- or oxygen-annealed ...


X-Ray Absorption, Neutron Diffraction, And Mössbauer Effect Studies Of Mnzn-Ferrite Processed Through High-Energy Ball Milling, D. J. Fatemi, V. G. Harris, Mingxing Chen, Satish K. Malik, William B. Yelon, Gary J. Long, Amitabh Mohan Jan 1999

X-Ray Absorption, Neutron Diffraction, And Mössbauer Effect Studies Of Mnzn-Ferrite Processed Through High-Energy Ball Milling, D. J. Fatemi, V. G. Harris, Mingxing Chen, Satish K. Malik, William B. Yelon, Gary J. Long, Amitabh Mohan

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

MnZn-ferrite has been prepared via high-energy ball milling of elemental oxides MnO, ZnO, and α-Fe2O3. Neutron diffraction measurements suggest a high density of vacancies in a spinel structure. The spinel phase appears to comprise 99.8 wt % of the material in the sample milled for 40 h, with the remainder attributable to unreacted α-Fe2O3. The x-ray absorption near-edge structure was analyzed to provide an understanding of the charge state of the constituent Fe ions. This analysis reveals about 2/3 of Fe cations to be trivalent, increasing to about 3/4 after a 5 ...


Measurement Of The Wear Properties Of Metallic Solids With A Falex Lubricant Testing Machine, Edward Boyd Hale, Chun-Ping John Meng, Ronald A. Kohser Jan 1982

Measurement Of The Wear Properties Of Metallic Solids With A Falex Lubricant Testing Machine, Edward Boyd Hale, Chun-Ping John Meng, Ronald A. Kohser

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A modified Falex Lubricant Testing Machine has been used to determine wear properties of metallic solids. In particular, wear mass loss, wear volume loss, wear rates, and other parameters have been determined for a basic steel, as heat treated and after ion implantation. Wear rate improvements of more than an order of magnitude were found in a nickel-chrome steel (SAE 3135) implanted with 2.5x1017 N+2/cm2. Wear tests were conducted with a cylinder-in-groove geometry in a mild lubricating oil with loads greater than 540 N, which corresponded to pressures which exceeded 108N/m2 ...