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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

(E,2e) Ionization Studies Of N₂ At Low To Intermediate Energies From A Coplanar Geometry To The Perpendicular Plane, Ahmad Sakaamini, Matthew Harvey, Sadek Amami, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning Aug 2017

(E,2e) Ionization Studies Of N₂ At Low To Intermediate Energies From A Coplanar Geometry To The Perpendicular Plane, Ahmad Sakaamini, Matthew Harvey, Sadek Amami, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Synopsis. The progress of experimental and theoretical measurements for (e,2e) ionization cross sections from Nitrogen molecules is presented. Results are given for energies from ~10 eV above the ionization potential (IP) through to ~100 eV above the IP for the 3σg, 1πu and 2σg states.


Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂O At Low Projectile Energy: Internormalized Triple-Differential Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Khokon Hossen, Esam Ali, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison, Andrew Dorn Feb 2017

Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂O At Low Projectile Energy: Internormalized Triple-Differential Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Khokon Hossen, Esam Ali, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison, Andrew Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report a combined experimental and theoretical study of the electron-impact ionization of water (H2O) at the relatively low incident energy of E0=81eV in which either the 1b1 or 3a1 orbitals are ionized leading to the stable H2O cation. The experimental data were measured by using a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission over a range of ejection energies. We present experimental data for the scattering angles of 6⁰ and 10⁰ for the faster of the two outgoing electrons as a function ...


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Fully Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of The 2s And 2p States Of Li By O⁸⁺ Ions, Ebrahim Ghanbari-Adivi, Daniel Fischer, Natalia Ferreira, Johannes Goullon, Renate Hubele, Aaron Laforge, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison Aug 2016

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Fully Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of The 2s And 2p States Of Li By O⁸⁺ Ions, Ebrahim Ghanbari-Adivi, Daniel Fischer, Natalia Ferreira, Johannes Goullon, Renate Hubele, Aaron Laforge, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper presents a full three-dimensional (3D) comparison between experiment and theory for 24 MeV O8+ single ionization of the 2s ground state of lithium and the 2p excited state. Two theoretical approximations are examined: the three-body continuum distorted-wave (3DW) and three-body continuum distorted-wave-eikonal initial state (3DW-EIS). Normally, there is a significant difference between these two approaches and the 3DW-EIS is in much better agreement with experiment. In this case, there is very little difference between the two approaches and both are in very good agreement with experiment. For the excited 2p state, the 3D cross sections would exhibit ...


Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Argon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison, Klaus Bartschat Jun 2016

Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Argon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison, Klaus Bartschat

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

As a further test of advanced theoretical methods to describe electron-impact single-ionization processes in complex atomic targets, we extended our recent work on Ne(2p) ionization [X. Ren, S. Amami, O. Zatsarinny, T. Pflüger, M. Weyland, W. Y. Baek, H. Rabus, K. Bartschat, D. Madison, and A. Dorn, Phys. Rev. A 91, 032707 (2015)PLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA.91.032707] to Ar(3p) ionization at the relatively low incident energy of E0 = 66 eV. The experimental data were obtained with a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission. We present experimental ...


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Triple Differential Cross Sections For The Single Ionization Of Co₂ (1Πg) By Electron Impact, Zehra N. Ozer, Esam Ali, Mevlut Dogan, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Ochbadrakh Chuluunbaatar, Boghos B. Joulakian, Chuan-Gang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Jun 2016

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Triple Differential Cross Sections For The Single Ionization Of Co₂ (1Πg) By Electron Impact, Zehra N. Ozer, Esam Ali, Mevlut Dogan, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Ochbadrakh Chuluunbaatar, Boghos B. Joulakian, Chuan-Gang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Experimental and theoretical triple differential cross sections for intermediate-energy (250 eV) electron-impact single ionization of the CO2 are presented for three fixed projectile scattering angles. Results are presented for ionization of the outermost 1πg molecular orbital of CO2 in a coplanar asymmetric geometry. The experimental data are compared to predictions from the three-center Coulomb continuum approximation for triatomic targets, and the molecular three-body distorted wave (M3DW) model. It is observed that while both theories are in reasonable qualitative agreement with experiment, the M3DW is in the best overall agreement with experiment.


Experimental And Theoretical Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Tetrahydrofuran Ionized By Low-Energy 26-Ev-Electron Impact, Esam Ali, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Jun 2016

Experimental And Theoretical Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Tetrahydrofuran Ionized By Low-Energy 26-Ev-Electron Impact, Esam Ali, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report an experimental and theoretical study of low-energy electron-impact ionization of tetrahydrofuran, which is a molecule of biological interest. The experiments were performed using an advanced reaction microscope specially built for electron-impact ionization studies. The theoretical calculations were performed within the molecular three-body distorted-wave model. Reasonably good agreement is found between experiment and theory.


Influence Of Orbital Symmetry On Diffraction Imaging With Rescattering Electron Wave Packets, Michael G. Pullen, Benjamin Wolter, Anh-Thu Le, Matthias Baudisch, Michele Sclafani, Hugo Pires, Claus Dieter Schroeter, Joachim Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Thomas Pfeifer, C. D. Lin, Jens Biegert Jun 2016

Influence Of Orbital Symmetry On Diffraction Imaging With Rescattering Electron Wave Packets, Michael G. Pullen, Benjamin Wolter, Anh-Thu Le, Matthias Baudisch, Michele Sclafani, Hugo Pires, Claus Dieter Schroeter, Joachim Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Thomas Pfeifer, C. D. Lin, Jens Biegert

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The ability to directly follow and time-resolve the rearrangement of the nuclei within molecules is a frontier of science that requires atomic spatial and few-femtosecond temporal resolutions. While laser-induced electron diffraction can meet these requirements, it was recently concluded that molecules with particular orbital symmetries (such as πg) cannot be imaged using purely backscattering electron wave packets without molecular alignment. Here, we demonstrate, in direct contradiction to these findings, that the orientation and shape of molecular orbitals presents no impediment for retrieving molecular structure with adequate sampling of the momentum transfer space. We overcome previous issues by showcasing retrieval ...


Analytical Model For Calibrating Laser Intensity In Strong-Field-Ionization Experiments, Song-Feng. Zhao, Anh-Thu Le, Cheng Jin, Xu Wang, C. D. Lin Feb 2016

Analytical Model For Calibrating Laser Intensity In Strong-Field-Ionization Experiments, Song-Feng. Zhao, Anh-Thu Le, Cheng Jin, Xu Wang, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The interaction of an intense laser pulse with atoms and molecules depends extremely nonlinearly on the laser intensity. Yet experimentally there still exists no simple reliable methods for determining the peak laser intensity within the focused volume. Here we present a simple method, based on an improved Perelomov-Popov-Terent'ev model, that would allow the calibration of laser intensities from the measured ionization signals of atoms or molecules. The model is first examined by comparing ionization probabilities (or signals) of atoms and several simple diatomic molecules with those from solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation. We then show the possibility of using ...


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Electron-Impact-Ionization Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Ethane, Esam Ali, Kate Nixon, Andrw Murray, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Oct 2015

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Electron-Impact-Ionization Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Ethane, Esam Ali, Kate Nixon, Andrw Murray, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have recently examined electron-impact ionization of molecules that have one large atom at the center, surrounded by H nuclei (H2O, NH3, CH4). All of these molecules have ten electrons; however, they vary in their molecular symmetry. We found that the triple-differential cross sections (TDCSs) for the highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMOs) were similar, as was the character of the HOMO orbitals which had a p-type "peanut" shape. In this work, we examine ethane (C2H6) which is a molecule that has two large atoms surrounded by H nuclei, so that its HOMO has ...


Low-Energy (E₀ = 65 Ev) Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Triple-Differentical Cross Sections In 3d Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek M. Amami, Oleg I. Zatsarinny, Thomas Pfluger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Sep 2015

Low-Energy (E₀ = 65 Ev) Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Triple-Differentical Cross Sections In 3d Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek M. Amami, Oleg I. Zatsarinny, Thomas Pfluger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present a combined experimental and theoretical study on the low-energy (E0 = 65 eV) electron- impact ionization of neon. The experimental data are compared to predictions from a hybrid second-order distorted-wave Born plus R-matrix approach (DWB2-RM), the distorted-wave Born approximation with inclusion of post-collision interaction (DWBA-PCI), a three-body distorted-wave approach (3DW), and a B-spline R-matrix (BSR) with pseudostates approach. Excellent agreement is found between experiment and the 3DW and BSR theories. The importance of PCI effects is clearly visible in this low-energy electron-impact ionization process.


Theoretical And Experimental Study Of (E,2e) Ionization Of The Co₂ (1ΠG) Molecule At 250 Ev, Mevlut Dogan, Zehra Nur Ozer, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Boghos B. Joulakian, Esam S M Ali, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

Theoretical And Experimental Study Of (E,2e) Ionization Of The Co₂ (1ΠG) Molecule At 250 Ev, Mevlut Dogan, Zehra Nur Ozer, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Boghos B. Joulakian, Esam S M Ali, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) of the electron-impact ionization of carbon dioxide are measured in the coplanar asymmetric geometry, with incident electron energy value of 250eV, and ejected electron of 37eV. We will report the experimental results in comparison with the theoretical calculations of the M3DW and TCC (type 5) calculations.


Evidence For Unnatural-Parity Contributions To Electron-Impact Ionization Of Laser-Aligned Atoms, G. S. J. Armstrong, J. Colgan, M. S. Pindzola, S. Amami, Don H. Madison, J. Pursehouse, K. L. Nixon, A. J. Murray Sep 2015

Evidence For Unnatural-Parity Contributions To Electron-Impact Ionization Of Laser-Aligned Atoms, G. S. J. Armstrong, J. Colgan, M. S. Pindzola, S. Amami, Don H. Madison, J. Pursehouse, K. L. Nixon, A. J. Murray

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Recent measurements have examined the electron-impact ionization of excited-state laser-aligned Mg atoms. In this work we show that the ionization cross section arising from the geometry where the aligned atom is perpendicular to the scattering plane directly probes the unnatural parity contributions to the ionization amplitude. The contributions from natural parity partial waves cancel exactly in this geometry. Our calculations resolve the discrepancy between the nonzero measured cross sections in this plane and the zero cross section predicted by distorted-wave approaches. We demonstrate that this is a general feature of ionization from p-state targets by additional studies of ionization from ...


Coplanar Asymmetric Angles And Symmetric Energy Sharing Triple Differential Cross Sections For 200 Ev Electron-Impact Ionization Of Ar (3p), Zehra Nur Ozer, Sadek M. Amami, Onur Varol, Murat Yavuz, Mevlut Dogan, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

Coplanar Asymmetric Angles And Symmetric Energy Sharing Triple Differential Cross Sections For 200 Ev Electron-Impact Ionization Of Ar (3p), Zehra Nur Ozer, Sadek M. Amami, Onur Varol, Murat Yavuz, Mevlut Dogan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have measured triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) for electron-impact ionization of the 3p shell of Ar at 200 eV incident electron energy. The experiments have been performed in coplanar asymmetric energy sharing geometry. The experimental results are compared with the theoretical models of three body distorted wave (3DW) and distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA).


First Evidence Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of N₂ Molecule, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Mevlut Dogan, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

First Evidence Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of N₂ Molecule, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Mevlut Dogan, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We will present an experimental and theoretical investigation of triple differential cross sections for electron- impact ionization of nitrogen molecules at intermediate energies. A discussion of interference effects contained in the theoretical and experimental interference factors will be presented.


Interference Effects For Intermediate Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂ And N₂ Molecules, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Mevlut Dogan Jul 2015

Interference Effects For Intermediate Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂ And N₂ Molecules, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Mevlut Dogan

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have studied electron impact ionization of H2 and N2 molecules at intermediate energies to look for possible two center interference effects experimentally and theoretically. Here we report a study of the interference factor I for 250 eV electron-impact ionization. The experimental measurements are performed using a crossed-beam-type electron-electron coincidence spectrometer and theoretical calculations are obtained using the Molecular Three Body Distorted Wave Approximation (M3DW). We found that the I-factor demonstrated strong evidence for two-center interference effects for both H2 and N2. We also found that the I-factor is more sensitive to projectile angular scans than ...


Target Electron Ionization In Li²⁺-L-Li Collisions: A Multi-Electron Perspective, Maciej Dominik Piewanowski, Laszlo Gulyas, Marko W. Horbatsch, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Renate Hubele, Vitor L B D De Jesus, H. Lindenblatt, Katharina R. Schneider, Michael Schulz, Michael Schuricke, Z. Song, Shaofeng Zhang, Daniel Fischer, Tom Kirchner Apr 2015

Target Electron Ionization In Li²⁺-L-Li Collisions: A Multi-Electron Perspective, Maciej Dominik Piewanowski, Laszlo Gulyas, Marko W. Horbatsch, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Renate Hubele, Vitor L B D De Jesus, H. Lindenblatt, Katharina R. Schneider, Michael Schulz, Michael Schuricke, Z. Song, Shaofeng Zhang, Daniel Fischer, Tom Kirchner

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Target electron removal in Li2+-Li collisions at 2290 keV/amu is studied experimentally and theoretically for ground and excited lithium target configurations. It is shown that in outer-shell ionization a single-electron process plays the dominant part. However, the K-shell ionization results are more difficult to interpret. According to our calculations, the process is shown to be strongly single-particle like. On one hand, a high resemblance between theoretical single-particle ionization and exclusive inner-shell ionization is demonstrated, and contributions from multi-electron processes are found to be weak. On the other hand, it is indicated by the discrepancy between experimental and ...


Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Mar 2015

Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Low-energy (E0 0=65eV) electron-impact single ionization of Ne (2p) has been investigated to thoroughly test state-of-the-art theoretical approaches. The experimental data were measured using a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission energies ranging from 2 to 8 eV, and projectile scattering angles ranging from 8.5⁰ to 20.0⁰. The experimental triple-differential cross sections are internormalized across all measured scattering angles and ejected energies. The experimental data are compared to predictions from a hybrid second-order distorted-wave Born plus R-matrix approach, the distorted-wave Born approximation with the inclusion of ...


Benchmarking Accurate Spectral Phase Retrieval Of Single Attosecond Pulses, Hui Wei, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, Chao Yu, C. D. Lin Feb 2015

Benchmarking Accurate Spectral Phase Retrieval Of Single Attosecond Pulses, Hui Wei, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, Chao Yu, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A single extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) attosecond pulse or pulse train in the time domain is fully characterized if its spectral amplitude and phase are both determined. The spectral amplitude can be easily obtained from photoionization of simple atoms where accurate photoionization cross sections have been measured from, e.g., synchrotron radiations. To determine the spectral phase, at present the standard method is to carry out XUV photoionization in the presence of a dressing infrared (IR) laser. In this work, we examine the accuracy of current phase retrieval methods (PROOF and iPROOF) where the dressing IR is relatively weak such that photoelectron ...


Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger Jan 2015

Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The He(i) photoelectron spectrum of furfural has been investigated, with its vibrational structure assigned for the first time. The ground and excited ionized states are assigned through ab initio calculations performed at the outer-valence Green's function level. Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) for electron-impact ionization of the unresolved combination of the 4a" + 21a' highest and next-highest occupied molecular orbitals have also been obtained. Experimental TDCSs are recorded in a combination of asymmetric coplanar and doubly symmetric coplanar kinematics. The experimental TDCSs are compared to theoretical calculations, obtained within a molecular 3-body distorted wave framework that employed either an ...


Fully Differential Study Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of H₂ By Proton Impact, Sachin D. Sharma, T. P. Arthanayaka, Ahmad Hasan, B. R. Lamichhane, J. Remolina, Adolph P. Smith, Michael Schulz Nov 2014

Fully Differential Study Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of H₂ By Proton Impact, Sachin D. Sharma, T. P. Arthanayaka, Ahmad Hasan, B. R. Lamichhane, J. Remolina, Adolph P. Smith, Michael Schulz

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have measured fully differential cross sections for ionization of H2 by 75-keV proton impact. The coherence length of the projectile beam was varied by changing the distance between a collimating slit and the target. By comparing the cross sections measured for large and small coherence lengths pronounced interference effects could be identified in the data. A surprising result is that the phase angle in the interference term is primarily determined by the momentum transfer and only to a lesser extent by the recoil-ion momentum.


Dynamical (E,2e) Investigations Of Structurally Related Cyclic Ethers, J. D. Builth-Williams, Luca Chiari, Penny A. Thorn, Susan M. Bellm, D. B. Jones, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann, Oddur Ingólfsson, Michael J. Brunger Jul 2014

Dynamical (E,2e) Investigations Of Structurally Related Cyclic Ethers, J. D. Builth-Williams, Luca Chiari, Penny A. Thorn, Susan M. Bellm, D. B. Jones, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann, Oddur Ingólfsson, Michael J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Experimental and theoretical cross sections are presented for electron-impact ionization of a series of cyclic ethers.


Complete Momentum Balance In Ionization Of H₂ By 75-Kev-Proton Impact For Varying Projectile Coherence, Sachin D. Sharma, T. P. Arthanayaka, Ahmad Hasan, B. R. Lamichhane, J. Remolina, Adolph P. Smith, Michael Schulz May 2014

Complete Momentum Balance In Ionization Of H₂ By 75-Kev-Proton Impact For Varying Projectile Coherence, Sachin D. Sharma, T. P. Arthanayaka, Ahmad Hasan, B. R. Lamichhane, J. Remolina, Adolph P. Smith, Michael Schulz

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report on a kinematically complete experiment on ionization of H2 by proton impact. While a significant impact of the projectile coherence properties on the scattering-angle dependence of double-differential cross sections (DDCSs), reported earlier, is confirmed by the present data, only weak coherence effects are found in the electron and recoil-ion momentum dependence of the DDCSs. This suggests that the phase angle in the interference term is determined primarily by the projectile momentum transfer rather than by the recoil-ion momentum. We therefore cannot rule out the possibility that the interference observed in our data is not primarily due to ...


Postcollision Effects In Target Ionization By Ion Impact At Large Momentum Transfer, Michael Schulz, B. Najjari, Alexander B. Voitkiv, Katharina R. Schneider, Xincheng Wang, Aaron C. Laforge, Renate Hubele, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Aditya H. Kelkar, Manfred Grieser, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Daniel Fischer Aug 2013

Postcollision Effects In Target Ionization By Ion Impact At Large Momentum Transfer, Michael Schulz, B. Najjari, Alexander B. Voitkiv, Katharina R. Schneider, Xincheng Wang, Aaron C. Laforge, Renate Hubele, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Aditya H. Kelkar, Manfred Grieser, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Daniel Fischer

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have measured and calculated fully differential cross sections for target ionization in 16-MeV O7++He and 24-MeV O8++Li collisions. As in previous studies, in the case of the He target we observe a pronounced forward shift in the angular distribution of the electrons relative to the direction of the momentum transfer q at small q (q < 1 a.u.). An unexpected result is that we also find a strong forward shift at large q (q > 2 a.u.), while at intermediate q this shift becomes very weak or even turns into a backward shift. For the Li target, in contrast, the forward shift monotonically increases with increasing q. These observations are qualitatively reproduced by our ...


Polarization And Interference Effects In Ionization Of Li By Ion Impact, Renate Hubele, Aaron C. Laforge, Michael Schulz, Johannes Goullon, Xincheng Wang, B. Najjari, Natalia Ferreira, Manfred Grieser, Vitor L B D De Jesus, Robert Moshammer, Katharina R. Schneider, Alexander B. Voitkiv, Daniel Fischer Mar 2013

Polarization And Interference Effects In Ionization Of Li By Ion Impact, Renate Hubele, Aaron C. Laforge, Michael Schulz, Johannes Goullon, Xincheng Wang, B. Najjari, Natalia Ferreira, Manfred Grieser, Vitor L B D De Jesus, Robert Moshammer, Katharina R. Schneider, Alexander B. Voitkiv, Daniel Fischer

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present initial-state selective fully differential cross sections for ionization of lithium by 24 MeV O8+ impact. The data for ionization from the 2s and 2p states look qualitatively different from each other and from 1s ionization of He. For ionization from the 2p state, to which in our study the mL=-1 substate predominantly contributes, we observe orientational dichroism and for 2s ionization pronounced interference which we trace back to the nodal structure of the initial-state wave function.


Picturing Electron Capture To The Continuum In The Transfer Ionization Of Intermediate-Energy He²⁺ Collisions With Argon, Ruitian Zhang, Xinwen Ma, Shaofeng Zhang, Xiaolong Zhu, Susmitha Akula, Don H. Madison, Bingsheng Li, Dongbin Qian, Wentian Feng, Dalong Guo, Huiping Liu, Shuncheng Yan, Pengju Zhang, Shenyue Xu, Ximeng Chen Jan 2013

Picturing Electron Capture To The Continuum In The Transfer Ionization Of Intermediate-Energy He²⁺ Collisions With Argon, Ruitian Zhang, Xinwen Ma, Shaofeng Zhang, Xiaolong Zhu, Susmitha Akula, Don H. Madison, Bingsheng Li, Dongbin Qian, Wentian Feng, Dalong Guo, Huiping Liu, Shuncheng Yan, Pengju Zhang, Shenyue Xu, Ximeng Chen

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Electron emission occurring in transfer ionization for He2+ collisions with argon has been investigated using cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy. The double differential cross sections for electron capture to the continuum of the projectile (cusp-shaped electrons) are presented for collision energies from 17.5 to 75 keV/u. For an energy of 30 keV/u, we find a maximum in the experimental ratio of the cusp-shaped electron yield to the total electron yield. This result is explained in terms of the velocity matching between the projectile ion and the electron initially bound to the target. One of the ...


Strongly Enhanced Backward Emission Of Electrons In Transfer And Ionization, Michael Schulz, Xincheng Wang, M. Gundmundsson, Katharina R. Schneider, Aditya H. Kelkar, Alexander B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, Markus S. Schoffler, Lothar Ph H H Schmidt, Reinhard Dorner, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer Jan 2012

Strongly Enhanced Backward Emission Of Electrons In Transfer And Ionization, Michael Schulz, Xincheng Wang, M. Gundmundsson, Katharina R. Schneider, Aditya H. Kelkar, Alexander B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, Markus S. Schoffler, Lothar Ph H H Schmidt, Reinhard Dorner, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We studied three-dimensional angular distributions and longitudinal momentum spectra of electrons ejected in transfer plus ionization (TI), i.e., the ejection of one and the capture of a second target electron, for ion-helium collisions. We observe a pronounced structure strongly focused opposite to the projectile beam direction, which we associate with a new correlated TI mechanism proposed recently. This process contributes significantly to the total cross sections over a broad range of perturbations η, even at η as large as 0.5, where uncorrelated TI mechanisms were thought to be dominant.


Mutual Projectile And Target Ionization In 1-Mev/Amu N⁴⁺ And N₅⁺+ He Collisions, Xincheng Wang, Katharina R. Schneider, Aditya H. Kelkar, Gunterschul Brenner, Michael Schulz, B. Najjari, Alexander B. Voitkiv, M. Gundmundsson, Manfred Grieser, Claude Krantz, Michael Lestinsky, Andreas R. Wolf, Siegbert Hagmann, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Daniel Fischer Aug 2011

Mutual Projectile And Target Ionization In 1-Mev/Amu N⁴⁺ And N₅⁺+ He Collisions, Xincheng Wang, Katharina R. Schneider, Aditya H. Kelkar, Gunterschul Brenner, Michael Schulz, B. Najjari, Alexander B. Voitkiv, M. Gundmundsson, Manfred Grieser, Claude Krantz, Michael Lestinsky, Andreas R. Wolf, Siegbert Hagmann, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Daniel Fischer

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have studied mutual projectile and target ionization in 1-MeV/amu N4+ and N5++He collisions in kinematically complete experiments by measuring the momenta of the recoil ion and both ejected electrons in coincidence with the charge-changed projectiles. By means of four-particle Dalitz plots, in which multiple differential cross sections are presented as a function of the momenta of all four particles, experimental spectra are compared with theoretical results from various models. The experimental data are qualitatively reproduced by higher-order calculations, where good agreement is achieved for N5++He collisions, while some discrepancies persist for N4 ...


Fivefold Differential Cross Sections For Ground-State Ionization Of Aligned H₂ By Electron Impact, Arne Senftleben, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Thomas Pfluger, Xueguang Ren, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn, Joachim Hermann Ullrich Jul 2010

Fivefold Differential Cross Sections For Ground-State Ionization Of Aligned H₂ By Electron Impact, Arne Senftleben, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Thomas Pfluger, Xueguang Ren, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We discuss the ionization of aligned hydrogen molecules into their ionic ground state by 200 eV electrons. Using a reaction microscope, the complete electron scattering kinematics is imaged over a large solid angle. Simultaneously, the molecular alignment is derived from postcollision dissociation of the residual ion. It is found that the ionization cross section is maximized for small angles between the internuclear axis and the momentum transfer. Fivefold differential cross sections (5DCSs) reveal subtle differences in the scattering process for the distinct alignments. We compare our observations with theoretical 5DCSs obtained with an adapted molecular three-body distorted wave model that ...


Comment On "Coincidence Studies Of He Ionized By C⁶⁺, Au²⁴⁺, And Au⁵³⁺", Michael Schulz, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich Jun 2010

Comment On "Coincidence Studies Of He Ionized By C⁶⁺, Au²⁴⁺, And Au⁵³⁺", Michael Schulz, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

In a recent article, McGovern [Phys. Rev. APLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA. 81.042704 81, 042704 (2010)] suggested that the normalization of our measured fully differential cross section for ionization of helium by Au53+ needs to be checked. In this comment we confirm that the normalization of the published data is correct. Furthermore, we point out that, for a conclusive comparison between experiment and theory, an accurate inclusion of the experimental resolution using correct experimental parameters in the calculation is important.


Determination Of Structure Parameters In Strong-Field Tunneling Ionization Theory Of Molecules, Song-Feng Zhao, Cheng Jin, Anh-Thu Le, T. F. Jiang, C. D. Lin Mar 2010

Determination Of Structure Parameters In Strong-Field Tunneling Ionization Theory Of Molecules, Song-Feng Zhao, Cheng Jin, Anh-Thu Le, T. F. Jiang, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

In the strong field molecular tunneling ionization theory of Tong et al. [Phys. Rev. A 66, 033402 (2002)], the ionization rate depends on the asymptotic wave function of the molecular orbital from which the electron is removed. The orbital wave functions obtained from standard quantum chemistry packages in general are not good enough in the asymptotic region. Here we construct a one-electron model potential for several linear molecules using density functional theory. We show that the asymptotic wave function can be improved with an iteration method and after one iteration accurate asymptotic wave functions and structure parameters are determined. With ...