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Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Impact ionization

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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Low Energy Electron And Positron Impact Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Water Molecules In The Coplanar And Perpendicular Kinematics, P. Singh, G. Purohit, C. Champion, D. Sebilleau, Don H. Madison Feb 2019

Low Energy Electron And Positron Impact Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Water Molecules In The Coplanar And Perpendicular Kinematics, P. Singh, G. Purohit, C. Champion, D. Sebilleau, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report here triply differential cross sections (TDCSs) for 81 eV electron and positron-impact ionization of the combined (1b1 + 3a1 ) orbitals of the water molecule by using the second-order distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA2) for ejection electron and positron energies of 5 eV and 10 eV and different momentum transfer conditions. The electron-impact TDCS will be compared with the experimental data measured by Ren et al. [Phys. Rev. A 95, 022701 (2017)] and with the molecular 3-body distorted wave (M3DW) approximation results in the scattering plane as well as the perpendicular plane. The DWBA2 results are in better ...


Role Of The Recoil Ion In Single-Electron Capture And Single-Ionization Processes For Collisions Of Protons With He And Ar Atoms, P. Focke, Ronald E. Olson, N. D. Cariatore, M. Alessi, S. Otranto May 2017

Role Of The Recoil Ion In Single-Electron Capture And Single-Ionization Processes For Collisions Of Protons With He And Ar Atoms, P. Focke, Ronald E. Olson, N. D. Cariatore, M. Alessi, S. Otranto

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

In this work the single-electron capture and single-ionization processes are studied for proton collisions with He and Ar atoms at impact energies in the range 25–100 keV. Classical trajectory Monte Carlo simulations are benchmarked against experimental data obtained at the reaction microscope in Bariloche, Argentina, which employs the cold target recoil-ion momentum spectroscopy technique. Special emphasis is placed on describing the momentum transfer to the recoil ion for these collision systems.


Low-Energy (E₀ = 65 Ev) Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Triple-Differentical Cross Sections In 3d Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek M. Amami, Oleg I. Zatsarinny, Thomas Pfluger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Sep 2015

Low-Energy (E₀ = 65 Ev) Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Triple-Differentical Cross Sections In 3d Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek M. Amami, Oleg I. Zatsarinny, Thomas Pfluger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present a combined experimental and theoretical study on the low-energy (E0 = 65 eV) electron- impact ionization of neon. The experimental data are compared to predictions from a hybrid second-order distorted-wave Born plus R-matrix approach (DWB2-RM), the distorted-wave Born approximation with inclusion of post-collision interaction (DWBA-PCI), a three-body distorted-wave approach (3DW), and a B-spline R-matrix (BSR) with pseudostates approach. Excellent agreement is found between experiment and the 3DW and BSR theories. The importance of PCI effects is clearly visible in this low-energy electron-impact ionization process.


Theoretical And Experimental Study Of (E,2e) Ionization Of The Co₂ (1ΠG) Molecule At 250 Ev, Mevlut Dogan, Zehra Nur Ozer, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Boghos B. Joulakian, Esam S M Ali, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

Theoretical And Experimental Study Of (E,2e) Ionization Of The Co₂ (1ΠG) Molecule At 250 Ev, Mevlut Dogan, Zehra Nur Ozer, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Boghos B. Joulakian, Esam S M Ali, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) of the electron-impact ionization of carbon dioxide are measured in the coplanar asymmetric geometry, with incident electron energy value of 250eV, and ejected electron of 37eV. We will report the experimental results in comparison with the theoretical calculations of the M3DW and TCC (type 5) calculations.


Dynamical (E,2e) Investigations Of Structurally Related Cyclic Ethers, J. D. Builth-Williams, Luca Chiari, Penny A. Thorn, Susan M. Bellm, D. B. Jones, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann, Oddur Ingólfsson, Michael J. Brunger Jul 2014

Dynamical (E,2e) Investigations Of Structurally Related Cyclic Ethers, J. D. Builth-Williams, Luca Chiari, Penny A. Thorn, Susan M. Bellm, D. B. Jones, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann, Oddur Ingólfsson, Michael J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Experimental and theoretical cross sections are presented for electron-impact ionization of a series of cyclic ethers.


Young Double Slit Interference Effects At Quantum Level, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Melike Ulu, Mevlüt Doğan, Bekir Aktaş, Don H. Madison Apr 2014

Young Double Slit Interference Effects At Quantum Level, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Melike Ulu, Mevlüt Doğan, Bekir Aktaş, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The currently accepted model for quantum interference resulting from the emission of electron waves from two scattering centers induced by either light or charged particle impact is analogous to Young's emission of two light waves from two slits. In this work we show that this simple classical wave model is incomplete and that there is a more complicated quantum interference pattern for low energy ionization caused by electron impact.


Experimental And Theoretical Cross Sections For Molecular-Frame Electron-Impact Excitation-Ionization Of D₂, Julian C A Lower, Esam S M Ali, Susan M. Bellm, Erich Weigold, Allison L. Harris, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison Dec 2013

Experimental And Theoretical Cross Sections For Molecular-Frame Electron-Impact Excitation-Ionization Of D₂, Julian C A Lower, Esam S M Ali, Susan M. Bellm, Erich Weigold, Allison L. Harris, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present both experimental and theoretical results for the dissociative ionization of D2 molecules induced by electron impact. Cross sections are determined in the molecular frame and are fully differential in the energies and emission angles of the dissociation fragments. Transitions are considered from the X1Σg+ electronic ground state of D2 to the 2sσg, 2pπu and 2pσu excited states of D2+. The experimental results are compared to calculations performed within the molecular four-body distorted-wave framework to describe the multicenter nature of the scattering process. The cross sections reveal a dramatic dependence ...


A Dynamical (E,2e) Investigation Of The Structurally Related Cyclic Ethers Tetrahydrofuran, Tetrahydropyran, And 1,4-Dioxane, J. D. Builth-Williams, Susan M. Bellm, Luca Chiari, Penny A. Thorn, Darryl B. Jones, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann, Gabriel Da Silva, Michael J. Brunger Jun 2013

A Dynamical (E,2e) Investigation Of The Structurally Related Cyclic Ethers Tetrahydrofuran, Tetrahydropyran, And 1,4-Dioxane, J. D. Builth-Williams, Susan M. Bellm, Luca Chiari, Penny A. Thorn, Darryl B. Jones, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann, Gabriel Da Silva, Michael J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Triple differential cross section measurements for the electron-impact ionization of the highest occupied molecular orbitals of tetrahydropyran and 1,4-dioxane are presented. For each molecule, experimental measurements were performed using the (e,2e) technique in asymmetric coplanar kinematics with an incident electron energy of 250 eV and an ejected electron energy of 20 eV. With the scattered electrons being detected at -5°, the angular distributions of the ejected electrons in the binary and recoil regions were observed. These measurements are compared with calculations performed within the molecular 3-body distorted wave model. Here, reasonable agreement was observed between the theoretical model ...


Low Energy (E, 2e) Study From The 1t₂ Orbital Of Ch₄, Shenyue Xu, Hari Chaluvadi, Xueguang Ren, Thomas Pfluger, Arne Senftleben, Chuangang Ning, Shuncheng Yan, Peng Zhang, Jie Yang, Xinwen Ma, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Jul 2012

Low Energy (E, 2e) Study From The 1t₂ Orbital Of Ch₄, Shenyue Xu, Hari Chaluvadi, Xueguang Ren, Thomas Pfluger, Arne Senftleben, Chuangang Ning, Shuncheng Yan, Peng Zhang, Jie Yang, Xinwen Ma, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Single ionization of the methane (CH4) 1t2 orbital by 54 eV electron impact has been studied experimentally and theoretically. The measured triple differential cross sections cover nearly a 4π solid angle for the emission of low energy electrons and a range of projectile scattering angles. Experimental data are compared with theoretical calculations from the distorted wave Born approximation and the molecular three-body distorted wave models. It is found that theory can give a proper description of the main features of experimental cross section only at smaller scattering angles. For larger scattering angles, significant discrepancies between experiment and theory ...


Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Argon: Three-Dimensional Cross Section, Xueguang Ren, Thomas Pfluger, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Oleg I. Zatsarinny, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Mar 2012

Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Argon: Three-Dimensional Cross Section, Xueguang Ren, Thomas Pfluger, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Oleg I. Zatsarinny, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Low-energy (E 0 = 70.8 eV) electron-impact single ionization of a 3p electron in argon has been studied experimentally and theoretically. Our measurements are performed using the so-called reaction microscope technique, which can cover nearly a full 4π solid angle for the emission of a secondary electron with energy below 15 eV and projectile scattering angles ranging from -8° to -30°. The measured cross sections are internormalized across all scattering angles and ejected energies. Several theoretical models were employed to predict the triple-differential cross sections (TDCSs). They include a standard distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA), a modified version to account for ...


Effect Of Projectile Coherence On Atomic Fragmentation Processes, Michael Schulz, Kisra N. Egodapitiya, Sachin D. Sharma, Aaron C. Laforge, Robert Moshammer, A. A. Hasan, Don H. Madison Jan 2012

Effect Of Projectile Coherence On Atomic Fragmentation Processes, Michael Schulz, Kisra N. Egodapitiya, Sachin D. Sharma, Aaron C. Laforge, Robert Moshammer, A. A. Hasan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We demonstrate that the projectile coherence can have a major impact on atomic fragmentation processes. This has been overlooked for decades in formal scattering theory and may explain puzzling discrepancies between theoretical and experimental fully differential cross sections for single ionization.


Comparison Of Experiment And Theory For Electron Impact Ionization Of Isoelectronic Atoms And Molecules, Hari Chaluvadi, Kate L. Nixon, Sadek M. Amami, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison Jan 2012

Comparison Of Experiment And Theory For Electron Impact Ionization Of Isoelectronic Atoms And Molecules, Hari Chaluvadi, Kate L. Nixon, Sadek M. Amami, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Experimental and Theoretical Triply Differential Cross sections will be presented for low energy electron impact ionization of Ne, CH4, and NH3. The collision mechanisms responsible for the various structures found in the cross sections will be discussed.


Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of H₂ By 75kev Proton Impact, Ujjal Chowdhury, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison Jan 2012

Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of H₂ By 75kev Proton Impact, Ujjal Chowdhury, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have calculated Triply differential cross sections (TDCS) and doubly differential cross sections (DDCS) for single ionization of H2 by 75 keV proton impact using the molecular 3 body distorted wave Eikonal initial state (M3DW-EIS) approach. Previously published measured DDCS-P (differential in the projectile scattering angle and integrated over the ejected electron angles) found pronounced structures at relatively large angles which were interpreted as an interference resulting from the two-centered potential of the molecule.


Double Ionization Of Helium By Highly-Charged-Ion Impact Analyzed Within The Frozen-Correlation Approximation, Marcelo F. Ciappina, Tom Kirchner, Michael Schulz Sep 2011

Double Ionization Of Helium By Highly-Charged-Ion Impact Analyzed Within The Frozen-Correlation Approximation, Marcelo F. Ciappina, Tom Kirchner, Michael Schulz

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We apply the frozen-correlation approximation (FCA) to analyze double ionization of helium by energetic highly charged ions. In this model the double ionization amplitude is represented in terms of single ionization amplitudes, which we evaluate within the continuum distorted wave-eikonal initial state (CDW-EIS) approach. Correlation effects are incorporated in the initial and final states, but are neglected during the time the collision process takes place. We implement the FCA using the Monte Carlo event generator technique, which allows us to generate theoretical event files and to compare theory and experiment using the same analysis tools. The comparison with previous theoretical ...


Strong-Field Nonsequential Double Ionization Of Ar And Ne, Zhangjin Chen, Yaqiu Liang, Don H. Madison, Chiidong Lin Aug 2011

Strong-Field Nonsequential Double Ionization Of Ar And Ne, Zhangjin Chen, Yaqiu Liang, Don H. Madison, Chiidong Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate the nonsequential double ionization (NSDI) of Ar and Ne based on quantitative rescattering theory (QRS). According to QRS theory, each elementary NSDI process can be calculated by multiplying the returning electron wave packet with appropriate differential electron-ion scattering cross sections. We include (e, 2e) and electron-impact excitation cross sections of Ar+ to obtain the correlated electron momentum spectra for the NSDI of Ar by few-cycle pulses to check the dependence of NSDI on the carrier-envelope phase. The results are compared to the ion momentum spectra from the recent experiment of Johnson [Phys. Rev. APLRAAN1050-294710.1103/ PhysRevA.83.013412 ...


Low Energy (E,2e) Studies From Ch₄: Results From Symmetric Coplanar Experiments And Molecular Three-Body Distorted Wave Theory, Kate L. Nixon, Andrew James Murray, Hari Chaluvadi, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison May 2011

Low Energy (E,2e) Studies From Ch₄: Results From Symmetric Coplanar Experiments And Molecular Three-Body Distorted Wave Theory, Kate L. Nixon, Andrew James Murray, Hari Chaluvadi, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Low energy experimental and theoretical triply differential cross sections are presented for electron impact ionization of methane (CH4) for both the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and next highest occupied molecular orbital (NHOMO). The HOMO is a predominantly p-type orbital which is labeled 1t2 and the NHOMO is predominantly s-type labeled 2a 1. Coplanar symmetric (symmetric both in final state electron energies and observation angles) are presented for final state electron energies ranging from 2.5 to 20 eV. The theoretical M3DW (molecular three-body distorted wave) results are in surprisingly good agreement with experiment for the HOMO state ...


Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of H₂ By 75-Kev Proton Impact, Ujjal Chowdhury, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison Mar 2011

Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of H₂ By 75-Kev Proton Impact, Ujjal Chowdhury, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have calculated triply differential cross sections (TDCS) and doubly differential cross sections (DDCS) for single ionization of H2 by 75-keV proton impact using the molecular three-body distorted-wave-eikonal initial-state (M3DW-EIS) approach. Previously published measured DDCS (differential in the projectile scattering angle and integrated over the ejected electron angles) found pronounced structures at relatively large angles that were interpreted as an interference resulting from the two-centered potential of the molecule. Theory treating H2 as atomic H multiplied by a molecular interference factor only predicts the observed structure when assumptions are made about the molecular orientation. Here we apply the ...


Dynamical (E, 2e) Studies Using Tetrahydrofuran As A Dna Analogue, Christopher J. Colyer, Susan M. Bellm, G. Friedrich Hanne, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann Jan 2011

Dynamical (E, 2e) Studies Using Tetrahydrofuran As A Dna Analogue, Christopher J. Colyer, Susan M. Bellm, G. Friedrich Hanne, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present dynamical (e, 2e) measurements for the electron impact ionization of formic acid and tetrahydrofuran molecules performed under similar kinematics. The experiments have been performed in the coplanar asymmetric geometry for a range of momentum transfers, at an incident electron energy of 250 eV and with an ejected electron energy of 10eV. The experimental results are compared with theoretical calculations carried out using the molecular 3-body distorted wave (M3DW) model.


Reaction Dynamics In Double Ionization Of Helium By Electron Impact, Marcelo F. Ciappina, Michael Schulz, Tom Kirchner Dec 2010

Reaction Dynamics In Double Ionization Of Helium By Electron Impact, Marcelo F. Ciappina, Michael Schulz, Tom Kirchner

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present theoretical fully differential cross sections (FDCS) for double ionization of helium by 500 eV and 2 keV electron impact. Contributions from various reaction mechanisms to the FDCS were calculated separately and compared to experimental data. Our theoretical methods are based on the first Born approximation. Higher-order effects are incorporated using the Monte Carlo event generator technique. Earlier, we successfully applied this approach to double ionization by ion impact, and in the work reported here it is extended to electron impact. We demonstrate that at 500 eV impact energy, double ionization is dominated by higher-order mechanisms. Even at 2 ...


Dynamical (E, 2e) Studies Using Tetrahydrofuran As A Dna Analog, Christopher J. Colyer, Susan M. Bellm, B. Lohmann, G. Friedrich Hanne, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning Sep 2010

Dynamical (E, 2e) Studies Using Tetrahydrofuran As A Dna Analog, Christopher J. Colyer, Susan M. Bellm, B. Lohmann, G. Friedrich Hanne, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Triple differential cross sections for the electron-impact ionization of the outer valence orbital of tetrahydrofuran have been measured using the (e, 2e) technique. The measurements have been performed with coplanar asymmetric kinematics, at an incident electron energy of 250 eV and at an ejected electron energy of 10 eV, over a range of momentum transfers. The experimental results are compared with theoretical calculations carried out using the molecular three-body distorted wave model. The results obtained are important for gaining an understanding of electron driven processes at a molecular level and for modeling energy deposition in living tissue.


Electron-Impact-Ionization Cross Sections Of H₂ For Low Outgoing Electron Energies From 1 To 10 Ev, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Andrew James Murray, Christian V. Kaiser, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Mar 2010

Electron-Impact-Ionization Cross Sections Of H₂ For Low Outgoing Electron Energies From 1 To 10 Ev, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Andrew James Murray, Christian V. Kaiser, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Theoretical and experimental fully differential cross sections are presented for electron-impact ionization of molecular hydrogen in a plane perpendicular to the incident beam direction. The experimental data exhibit a maximum for 1-eV electrons detected 180° apart and a minimum for 10-eV electrons. We investigate the different physical effects which cause back-to-back scattering and demonstrate that, over the energy range from 10 to 1 eV, a direct transition is observed from a region where Wannier threshold physics is essentially unimportant to where it completely dominates.


Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Oriented H₂ Molecules By Electron Impact, James Colgan, Michael S. Pindzola, Francis J. Robicheaux, Christian V. Kaiser, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison Dec 2008

Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Oriented H₂ Molecules By Electron Impact, James Colgan, Michael S. Pindzola, Francis J. Robicheaux, Christian V. Kaiser, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A nonperturbative close-coupling technique is used to calculate differential cross sections for the electron-impact ionization of H2 at an energy of 35.4 eV. Our approach allows cross sections for any orientation of the molecule with respect to the incident electron beam to be analyzed. New features in the resulting cross sections are found compared with the case where the molecular orientation is averaged, and also with cross sections for He at equivalent electron kinematics. When averaged over all possible molecular orientations, good agreement is found with recent experimental results.


Slow Convergence Of The Born Approximation For Electron-Atom Ionization, Stephenie J. Jones, Don H. Madison Dec 2002

Slow Convergence Of The Born Approximation For Electron-Atom Ionization, Stephenie J. Jones, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

It is usually assumed that the first-Born approximation for electron-atom ionization becomes valid for the fully differential cross section at sufficiently high impact energies, at least for asymmetric collisions where the projectile suffers only a small energy loss and is scattered by a small angle. Here we investigate this assumption quantitatively for ionization of hydrogen atoms. We find that convergence of the Born approximation to the correct nonrelativistic result is generally achieved only at energies where relativistic effects start to become important. Consequently, the assumption that the Born approximation becomes valid for high energy is inaccurate, since by the time ...


Three-Body Coulomb Problem Probed By Mapping The Bethe Surface In Ionizing Ion-Atom Collisions, Robert Moshammer, Appathurai N. Perumal, Michael Schulz, V. D. Rodriguez, Holger Kollmus, Rido Mann, Siegbert Hagmann, Joachim Hermann Ullrich Nov 2001

Three-Body Coulomb Problem Probed By Mapping The Bethe Surface In Ionizing Ion-Atom Collisions, Robert Moshammer, Appathurai N. Perumal, Michael Schulz, V. D. Rodriguez, Holger Kollmus, Rido Mann, Siegbert Hagmann, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The three-body Coulomb problem has been explored in kinematically complete experiments on single ionization of helium by 100 MeV / u C 6 + and 3.6 MeV / u u 5 3 + impact. Low-energy electron emission (E e < 150 eV ) as a function of the projectile deflection ϑ p (momentum transfer), i.e., the Bethe surface [[15]], has been mapped with Δ ϑ p ± 25 nanoradian resolution at extremely large perturbations (3.6 MeV / uAu53+ ) where single ionization occurs at impact parameters of typically 10 times the He K -shell radius. The experimental data are not in agreement with state-of-the-art continuum distorted wave-eikonal initial state theory.


Ionization Of Hydrogen Atoms By Fast Electrons, Sindu P. Jones, Don H. Madison Oct 2000

Ionization Of Hydrogen Atoms By Fast Electrons, Sindu P. Jones, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We study ionization of atomic hydrogen by fast electrons using asymptotically correct two-center wave functions to describe the scattering system both initially and finally. For the final state, we employ the well-known product wave function of Redmond, which treats all three two-body Coulomb interactions exactly, albeit independently. This "3C" wave function is the leading term of the exact scattering wave function, regardless of how slow the three particles are, if any two particles have large relative separation [Y.E. Kim and A.L. Zubarev, Phys. Rev. A 56, 521 (1997)]. Here we extend the analysis of Qiu et al. [Phys ...