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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

The Effect Of Cu-Doping On The Magnetic And Transport Properties Of La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Mno₃, M. S. Kim, Jinbo Yang, Qingsheng Cai, X.-D. Zhou, William B. Yelon, Paul Ernest Parris, William Joseph James Jan 2005

The Effect Of Cu-Doping On The Magnetic And Transport Properties Of La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Mno₃, M. S. Kim, Jinbo Yang, Qingsheng Cai, X.-D. Zhou, William B. Yelon, Paul Ernest Parris, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The effects of Cu-doping on the structural, magnetic, and transport properties of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1xCuxO3 (0<=x<=0.20) have been studied using neutron diffraction, magnetization, and magnetoresistance (MR) measurements. All samples show the rhombohedral structure with the R[overline 3]c space-group from 10 K to room temperature (RT). Neutron diffraction data suggest that some of the Cu ions have a Cu3+ state in these compounds. The substitution of Mn by Cu affects the MnO bond length and Mn-O-Mn bond angle resulting from the minimization of the distortion of the MnO6 octahedron. Resistivity measurements show that a metal to insulator transition occurs for the x>=0.15 samples. The x=0.15 sample shows the highest MR([approximate]80%), which might result from the co-existence of Cu3-Cu2+ and the dilution effect of Cu-doping on the double exchange interaction


How To Establish Successful Cooperative Student Learning Centers For Stem Courses, Ronald James Bieniek, Douglas R. Carroll, Cesar Mendoza, Oran Allan Pringle, Ekkehard Sinn, Kai-Tak Wan, Donald C. Wunsch Jan 2003

How To Establish Successful Cooperative Student Learning Centers For Stem Courses, Ronald James Bieniek, Douglas R. Carroll, Cesar Mendoza, Oran Allan Pringle, Ekkehard Sinn, Kai-Tak Wan, Donald C. Wunsch

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Students learn more if they are actively involved in the learning process, particularly in a cooperative manner. Several UMR faculty have operated course-based learning centers (LCs) as part of the campus-wide Learning Enhancement Across Disciplines (LEAD) Program of student learning assistance and enhancement. LCs are designed to assist large numbers of students in a cost- and time-efficient manner that promotes student engagement without requiring undue amounts of faculty time. Course instructors spend time in the open learning environment of the LC, in lieu of office hours, guiding students to master course material and skills in their evolution from novice to ...


Structure And Magnetic Properties Of The Mnbi Low Temperature Phase, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, Qingsheng Cai, Samit Roy, Naushad Ali May 2002

Structure And Magnetic Properties Of The Mnbi Low Temperature Phase, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, Qingsheng Cai, Samit Roy, Naushad Ali

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

High purity MnBi low temperature phase has been prepared and analyzed using magnetic measurements and neutron diffraction. The low-temperature phase of the MnBi alloy has a coercivity μ0iHc of 2.0 T at 400 K, and exhibits a positive temperature coefficient from 0 to at least 400 K. The neutron data refinement indicated that the Mn atom changes its spin direction from c axis above room temperature to nearly perpendicular to the c axis at 50 K. A canted magnetic structure has been observed below 200 K. The anisotropy field increases with increasing temperature which gives rise ...


Magnetic And Mössbauer Studies On Oxygen Deficient Perovskite, La₀.₆Sr₀.₄Feo3-Δ, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, X.-D. Zhou, Yixiang Xie, Harlan U. Anderson, Zili Chu May 2002

Magnetic And Mössbauer Studies On Oxygen Deficient Perovskite, La₀.₆Sr₀.₄Feo3-Δ, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, X.-D. Zhou, Yixiang Xie, Harlan U. Anderson, Zili Chu

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Samples of La0.6Sr0.4Fe3-δ with varying oxygen vacancy contents were prepared by heating them in different gas flows. Magnetization measurement showed that samples with low oxygen vacancies have a magnetic ordering temperature in the range of 300-325 K while those with 9%-12% oxygen vacancies have a magnetic ordering temperature of 800 K and higher. Mössbauer spectra at 300 K exhibit paramagnetic or weak magnetic characteristics for the N2, O2, and air-quenched samples, whereas an average hyperfine field of 52 T is found for the CO/CO2 reduced samples. The heat ...


Effect Of Oxygen Vacancies On The Magnetic Structure Of The La₀.₆Sr₀.₄Feo3-Δ Perovskite: A Neutron Diffraction Study, Zili Chu, William B. Yelon, Jinbo Yang, William Joseph James, Harlan U. Anderson, Yixiang Xie, Satish K. Malik Jan 2002

Effect Of Oxygen Vacancies On The Magnetic Structure Of The La₀.₆Sr₀.₄Feo3-Δ Perovskite: A Neutron Diffraction Study, Zili Chu, William B. Yelon, Jinbo Yang, William Joseph James, Harlan U. Anderson, Yixiang Xie, Satish K. Malik

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Magnetic interactions in perovskite compounds of the type La1-xSrxMO3-δ (M=3d transition such as Mn and Fe) are presumed to arise through a super exchange between 3d electrons of the magnetic ions via oxygen orbitals. The magnetic structure of La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-δ has been studied with neutron diffraction. Oxygen vacancies were created by annealing samples under various gases including N2, air and mixtures of CO/CO2. All La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-δ compounds maintain the rhombohedral structure (space group R3̄c). The air- or oxygen-annealed ...


X-Ray Absorption, Neutron Diffraction, And Mössbauer Effect Studies Of Mnzn-Ferrite Processed Through High-Energy Ball Milling, D. J. Fatemi, V. G. Harris, Mingxing Chen, Satish K. Malik, William B. Yelon, Gary J. Long, Amitabh Mohan Jan 1999

X-Ray Absorption, Neutron Diffraction, And Mössbauer Effect Studies Of Mnzn-Ferrite Processed Through High-Energy Ball Milling, D. J. Fatemi, V. G. Harris, Mingxing Chen, Satish K. Malik, William B. Yelon, Gary J. Long, Amitabh Mohan

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

MnZn-ferrite has been prepared via high-energy ball milling of elemental oxides MnO, ZnO, and α-Fe2O3. Neutron diffraction measurements suggest a high density of vacancies in a spinel structure. The spinel phase appears to comprise 99.8 wt % of the material in the sample milled for 40 h, with the remainder attributable to unreacted α-Fe2O3. The x-ray absorption near-edge structure was analyzed to provide an understanding of the charge state of the constituent Fe ions. This analysis reveals about 2/3 of Fe cations to be trivalent, increasing to about 3/4 after a 5 ...


Condensation Coefficient Measurement For Water In The Umr Cloud Simulation Chamber, Donald E. Hagen, John L. Schmitt, Max B. Trueblood, John C. Carstens, Daniel R. White, Darryl J. Alofs Mar 1989

Condensation Coefficient Measurement For Water In The Umr Cloud Simulation Chamber, Donald E. Hagen, John L. Schmitt, Max B. Trueblood, John C. Carstens, Daniel R. White, Darryl J. Alofs

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A systematic series of condensation coefficient measurements of water have been made using the University of Missouri-Rolla cooled-wall expansion chamber which simulates the thermodynamics of cloud. This coefficient is seen to decrease from a value near unity, at the outset of simulation, to a value in the neighborhood of 0.01 toward the end of a simulation. Final values of this coefficient are sufficiently low as to contribute significantly to the broadening of the drop-size distribution in cloud.


University Of Missouri--Rolla Cloud Simulation Facility: Proto Ii Chamber, Daniel R. White, James L. Kassner, John C. Carstens, Donald E. Hagen, John L. Schmitt, Darryl J. Alofs, Alfred Raymond Hopkins, Max B. Trueblood, Max W. Alcorn, William L. Walker May 1987

University Of Missouri--Rolla Cloud Simulation Facility: Proto Ii Chamber, Daniel R. White, James L. Kassner, John C. Carstens, Donald E. Hagen, John L. Schmitt, Darryl J. Alofs, Alfred Raymond Hopkins, Max B. Trueblood, Max W. Alcorn, William L. Walker

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The Graduate Center for Cloud Physics Research at UMR has developed a cloud simulation facility to study phenomena occurring in terrestrial clouds and fogs. The facility consists of a pair of precision cooled-wall expansion chambers along with extensive supporting equipment. The smaller of these chambers, described in this article, is fully operational, and is capable of simulating a broad range of in-cloud thermodynamic conditions. It is currently being used to study water drop growth and evaporation for drops nucleated (activated) on well-characterized aerosol particles. Measurements have been made not only for continuous expansions (simulated updraft) but also for cyclic conditions ...


Measurement Of The Wear Properties Of Metallic Solids With A Falex Lubricant Testing Machine, Edward Boyd Hale, Chun-Ping John Meng, Ronald A. Kohser Jan 1982

Measurement Of The Wear Properties Of Metallic Solids With A Falex Lubricant Testing Machine, Edward Boyd Hale, Chun-Ping John Meng, Ronald A. Kohser

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A modified Falex Lubricant Testing Machine has been used to determine wear properties of metallic solids. In particular, wear mass loss, wear volume loss, wear rates, and other parameters have been determined for a basic steel, as heat treated and after ion implantation. Wear rate improvements of more than an order of magnitude were found in a nickel-chrome steel (SAE 3135) implanted with 2.5x1017 N+2/cm2. Wear tests were conducted with a cylinder-in-groove geometry in a mild lubricating oil with loads greater than 540 N, which corresponded to pressures which exceeded 108N/m2 ...