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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Quantum Transport In The Presence Of Random Traps, John Wm Edwards, Paul Ernest Parris Oct 1989

Quantum Transport In The Presence Of Random Traps, John Wm Edwards, Paul Ernest Parris

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We calculate the asymptotic decay of a quantum particle moving in a d-dimensional medium doped with randomly placed trapping impurities, focusing on contributions from slowly decaying long-wavelength modes centered in large compact regions devoid of traps. By averaging the decay over the statistical distribution associated with these regions we find that the survival probability, P(t) ~exp(-Atd/(d+3)), decays more slowly in any dimension than for diffusive transport.


Analysis Of Experimental Nucleation Data For Silver And Sio Using Scaled Nucleation Theory, Barbara N. Hale, Paul R. Kemper, Joseph A. Nuth Oct 1989

Analysis Of Experimental Nucleation Data For Silver And Sio Using Scaled Nucleation Theory, Barbara N. Hale, Paul R. Kemper, Joseph A. Nuth

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The experimental vapor phase nucleation data of Nuth et al., for silver [J. A. Nuth, K. A. Donnelly, B. Donn, and L. U. Lilleleht, J. Chem. Phys. 77, 2639 (1982)] and SiO [J. A. Nuth and B. Donn, J. Chem. Phys. 85, 1116 (1986)] are reanalyzed using a scaled model for homogeneous nucleation [B. N. Hale, Phys. Rev. A 33, 4156 (1986)]. The approximation is made that the vapor pressure at the nucleation site is not diminished significantly from that at the source (crucible). It is found that the data for ln S have a temperature dependence consistent with the ...


Full Optical Potential For The Electron-Hydrogen Entrance Channel, Igor Bray, Don H. Madison, Ian E. Mccarthy Sep 1989

Full Optical Potential For The Electron-Hydrogen Entrance Channel, Igor Bray, Don H. Madison, Ian E. Mccarthy

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Differential and total elastic and total reaction cross sections are calculated for electron-hydrogen scattering at 30, 100, and 400 eV using an ab initio optical potential that treats bound and continuum nonelastic channels in the distorted-wave Born approximation. Multichannel and partial wave expansions are carried out to numerical convergence. Convergence criteria and quadratures for the continuum-energy integration are chosen for 1% overall accuracy. Results are compared with experiment and less detailed calculations.


One-Dimensional Quantum Transport In The Presence Of Traps, Paul Ernest Parris Sep 1989

One-Dimensional Quantum Transport In The Presence Of Traps, Paul Ernest Parris

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A study is made of the survival probability P(t) for a quantum particle moving coherently on an ordered one-dimensional chain containing randomly placed irreversible traps in concentration q. We consider two separate models of the trapping process, focusing on the long-time limit of each. In the first model, intended to describe substitutional traps, the trapping impurities act as disruptive absorbing barriers which prevent further motion along the chain. For this model it is shown that -ln[P(t)]1/4t1/4. The second model is intended to describe interstitial trapping impurities which do not disrupt the transport. It ...


Resonant Dielectronic And Direct Excitation In Crystal Channels, Sheldon Datz, Charles Randy Vane, Peter F. Dittner, J. P. Giese, J. C. Gomez Del Campo, N. L. Jones, Herbert F. Krause, Philip D. Miller, Michael Schulz, Harald Schone, Thomas M. Rosseel Aug 1989

Resonant Dielectronic And Direct Excitation In Crystal Channels, Sheldon Datz, Charles Randy Vane, Peter F. Dittner, J. P. Giese, J. C. Gomez Del Campo, N. L. Jones, Herbert F. Krause, Philip D. Miller, Michael Schulz, Harald Schone, Thomas M. Rosseel

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have observed dielectronic and direct excitation of H-like S15+ and Ca19+ and He-like Ti20+ ions in silicon channels caused by collision with weakly bound target electrons which behave as a free-electron gas. As in vacuo, relaxation of the doubly excited states can occur radiatively leading to ions of decreased charge, but in a crystal channel collisional effects can cause double ionization. The effects are seen in both the x-ray yields and charge-state fractions, and, in the case of Ti20+, in charge-state x-ray coincidences.


Long-Range Hopping In Substitutionally Disordered Solids, Paul Ernest Parris May 1989

Long-Range Hopping In Substitutionally Disordered Solids, Paul Ernest Parris

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A theoretical approach for studying charge-carrier and energy diffusion due to long-range hopping in substitutionally disordered solids is presented. Unlike some earlier theories, which invoke a pair approximation to treat back-transfer processes, the current theory makes use of the exact solution to an appropriate single-defect problemone in which long-range jumps into, out of, and between both the defect site and all other active sites in the lattice are explicitly included. From this exact solution a new long-range effective-medium theory is constructed to describe the configurationally averaged transport properties of the disordered system.


Spectroscopy Of The 6p3/2Np States Of Barium, J. Greg Story, E. G. Yap, William E. Cooke May 1989

Spectroscopy Of The 6p3/2Np States Of Barium, J. Greg Story, E. G. Yap, William E. Cooke

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The 6p3/2np states of barium have been observed for n values between 14 and 21. The energies, linewidths, and transition strengths have been measured and characterized in terms of one- and two-electron interactions, using a single-configuration approximation.


Shake-Off Measurements Of Electron-Ion-Scattering Phase Shifts, J. Greg Story, William E. Cooke May 1989

Shake-Off Measurements Of Electron-Ion-Scattering Phase Shifts, J. Greg Story, William E. Cooke

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Continuum electrons are produced in a specific l state with high-energy resolution using shake-off photoionization. This process is well characterized, so that the photoionization signal is an accurate measurement of the difference between the continuum electrons wave-function phase and that produced by a hydrogenic interaction. Measurements are reported showing the phase of a Ba++e- in a d wave, in cases where it is well behaved, and in cases where doubly excited resonances produce rapid phase variations.


Electron-Electron Interactions In Transfer And Excitation In F⁸⁺ →₂ Collisions, Michael Schulz, J. P. Giese, J. K. Swenson, Sheldon Datz, Peter F. Dittner, Herbert F. Krause, Harald Schone, Charles Randy Vane, Malika Benhenni, Stephen M. Shafroth Apr 1989

Electron-Electron Interactions In Transfer And Excitation In F⁸⁺ →₂ Collisions, Michael Schulz, J. P. Giese, J. K. Swenson, Sheldon Datz, Peter F. Dittner, Herbert F. Krause, Harald Schone, Charles Randy Vane, Malika Benhenni, Stephen M. Shafroth

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have measured projectile Auger electrons emitted after collisions of H-like F with H2. The cross sections for emission of KLL, KLM, KLN, and KLO Auger electrons show maxima as a function of the projectile energy. One maximum in the KLL emission cross section is due to resonant transfer and excitation. A second maximum in the cross section for KLL emission as well as the maxima in the emission cross section for the higher-n Auger electrons are attributed to a new transfer and excitation process. This involves excitation of a projectile electron by one target electron accompanied by the ...


Condensation Coefficient Measurement For Water In The Umr Cloud Simulation Chamber, Donald E. Hagen, John L. Schmitt, Max B. Trueblood, John C. Carstens, Daniel R. White, Darryl J. Alofs Mar 1989

Condensation Coefficient Measurement For Water In The Umr Cloud Simulation Chamber, Donald E. Hagen, John L. Schmitt, Max B. Trueblood, John C. Carstens, Daniel R. White, Darryl J. Alofs

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A systematic series of condensation coefficient measurements of water have been made using the University of Missouri-Rolla cooled-wall expansion chamber which simulates the thermodynamics of cloud. This coefficient is seen to decrease from a value near unity, at the outset of simulation, to a value in the neighborhood of 0.01 toward the end of a simulation. Final values of this coefficient are sufficiently low as to contribute significantly to the broadening of the drop-size distribution in cloud.


One-Dimensional Trapping Kinetics At Zero Temperature, Paul Ernest Parris Mar 1989

One-Dimensional Trapping Kinetics At Zero Temperature, Paul Ernest Parris

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The asymptotic decay of the survival probability is calculated for a quantum particle moving at zero temperature on a one-dimensional tight-binding chain possessing randomly placed irreversible traps of strength γ. The survival probability exhibits a decay, P(t) ~ exp(-At1/4), which is slower than that associated with a diffusing particle.


Elastic Angular Differential Cross Sections For Quasi-One-Electron Collision Systems At Intermediate Energies: (Na⁺, Li⁺)+H And (Mg⁺, Be⁺)+He, Jerry Peacher, E. Redd, Denver G. Seely, Timothy Gay, D. M. Blankenship, John T. Park Feb 1989

Elastic Angular Differential Cross Sections For Quasi-One-Electron Collision Systems At Intermediate Energies: (Na⁺, Li⁺)+H And (Mg⁺, Be⁺)+He, Jerry Peacher, E. Redd, Denver G. Seely, Timothy Gay, D. M. Blankenship, John T. Park

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Measurements of elastic angular differential cross sections have been carried out for four quasi-one-electron collision systems at intermediate energies. Data are presented for Na++H collisions at laboratory energies of 35.94, 51.75, 63.89, and 143.75 keV, for Li++H collisions at energies of 19.44 and 43.75 keV, for Mg++He collisions at energies of 30, 66.7, and 150 keV, and for Be++He collisions at an energy of 56.25 keV. The highest energy in each case corresponds to a projectile velocity of (1/2 a.u. Born and Eikonal calculations, in which ...


Exciton Diffusion At Finite Frequency: Luminescence Observables For Anisotropic Percolating Solids, Paul Ernest Parris Jan 1989

Exciton Diffusion At Finite Frequency: Luminescence Observables For Anisotropic Percolating Solids, Paul Ernest Parris

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A study is made of the luminescence intensities associated with exciton diffusion and trapping on a three-dimensional anisotropic percolating lattice. The calculation is based upon a relationship that exists between the frequency dependent diffusion tensor at frequencies comparable to the inverse excitation lifetime, and luminescence observables such as the host and trap luminescence intensities for conditions of constant illumination. The present approach allows the study of crossover behavior in percolative systems that are of intermediate transport dimensionality 2 < dt < 3. Our results suggest that curvature seen in luminescence observables near the transition need not always be a direct reflection of the critical indices associated with classical isotropic percolation. We have identified three possible sources of deviation from the classical behavior: (1) the radiative time scale of the luminescence measurements, (2) the functional dependence of the luminescence yields on the diffusion tensor, and (3) the demands of dimensional crossover in the critical region arising from the anisotropy of the medium.


Mössbauer Effect Studies Of Nd₂Fe₁₄₋ₓSiₓB And Y₃Fe₁₄₋ₓSiₓB, Oran Allan Pringle, Gary J. Long, G. K. Marasinghe, William Joseph James, Antoni T. Pedziwiatr, W. E. Wallace, Fernande Grandjean Jan 1989

Mössbauer Effect Studies Of Nd₂Fe₁₄₋ₓSiₓB And Y₃Fe₁₄₋ₓSiₓB, Oran Allan Pringle, Gary J. Long, G. K. Marasinghe, William Joseph James, Antoni T. Pedziwiatr, W. E. Wallace, Fernande Grandjean

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.