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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Textured Nise₂ Film: Bifunctional Electrocatalyst For Full Water Splitting At Remarkably Low Overpotential With High Energy Efficiency, Abdurazag T. Swesi, Jahangir Masud, Wipula P. R. Liyanage, Siddesh Umapathi, Eric W. Bohannan, Julia E. Medvedeva, Manashi Nath Jan 2017

Textured Nise₂ Film: Bifunctional Electrocatalyst For Full Water Splitting At Remarkably Low Overpotential With High Energy Efficiency, Abdurazag T. Swesi, Jahangir Masud, Wipula P. R. Liyanage, Siddesh Umapathi, Eric W. Bohannan, Julia E. Medvedeva, Manashi Nath

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Herein we have shown that electrodeposited NiSe2 can be used as a bifunctional electrocatalyst under alkaline conditions to split water at very low potential by catalyzing both oxygen evolution and hydrogen evolution reactions at anode and cathode, respectively, achieving a very high electrolysis energy efficiency exceeding 80% at considerably high current densities (100 mA cm-2). The OER catalytic activity as well as electrolysis energy efficiency surpasses any previously reported OER electrocatalyst in alkaline medium and energy efficiency of an electrolyzer using state-of-the-art Pt and RuO2 as the HER and OER catalyst, respectively. Through detailed electrochemical and structural ...


Neutron And Magnetic Studies Of La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Mn₁₋ₓCrₓO₃(X ≤ 0.7): A Homogeneous Charge-Ordered System, Thomas F. Creel, Jinbo Yang, Satish K. Malik, Sylvio Quezado, Oran Allan Pringle, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James Feb 2016

Neutron And Magnetic Studies Of La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Mn₁₋ₓCrₓO₃(X ≤ 0.7): A Homogeneous Charge-Ordered System, Thomas F. Creel, Jinbo Yang, Satish K. Malik, Sylvio Quezado, Oran Allan Pringle, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Structural and magnetic properties of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-xCrxO3 (0 < x ≤ 0.7) have been studied in order to determine the effect of substitution of Cr3+ for Mn3+. The data consist of neutron and x-ray powder-diffraction and magnetization measurements. We previously suggested these systems transition from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic ordering with the intermediate concentrations containing coexisting ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic domains. Upon further detailed examination, we find that the neutron data can be fit using a single homogeneous long-range magnetically ordered state and compositionally dependent charge ordering. The magnetic structures are controlled by the competition between Mn-Mn, Mn-Cr, and Cr-Cr interactions (double exchange and superexchange). The metal ...


Structural And Magnetic Properties Of La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Mn₁₋ₓNiₓO₃ (X ≤ 0.4), Thomas F. Creel, Jinbo Yang, Mehmet Kahveci, Satish K. Malik, Sylvio Quezado, Oran Allan Pringle, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James Jul 2013

Structural And Magnetic Properties Of La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Mn₁₋ₓNiₓO₃ (X ≤ 0.4), Thomas F. Creel, Jinbo Yang, Mehmet Kahveci, Satish K. Malik, Sylvio Quezado, Oran Allan Pringle, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have studied the structural and magnetic properties of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-xNixO3 (x = 0.05, 0.1, 0.20, 0.30, and 0.40) perovskites using x-ray and neutron diffraction and magnetic measurements. Our data consist of neutron (γ = 1.479Å) and x-ray (γ = 1.5481Å; Cu Kα) powder diffraction and magnetization measurements. We previously suggested these systems transition from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic ordering with the intermediate concentrations containing coexisting domains of ferromagnetically and antiferromagnetically ordered states. Upon further detailed examination, we find that the samples are homogeneous and that neutron ...


Structural Evolution Of Ammonia Borane For Hydrogen Storage, Jinbo Yang, Jagat Lamsal, Qingsheng Cai, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James Mar 2008

Structural Evolution Of Ammonia Borane For Hydrogen Storage, Jinbo Yang, Jagat Lamsal, Qingsheng Cai, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have studied the crystal structure of fully deuterated BH3NH3 using powder neutron diffraction at different temperatures. It is evident that an order-disorder phase transition occurs around 225 K. At low temperature, the compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic structure with space group Pnm21 and gradually transforms to a high temperature tetragonal structure with space group I4 mm above 225 K. At 16 K, the BD3-ND3 unit stacks along the c axis with a tilt angle of about 16° between the N-B bond and the c axis. As the temperature is increased, the BD3-ND3 groups start to reorient along the c ...


The Decomposition Of Yba₂Cu₃O₇₋Δ Doped Into Ba₂Yruo₆, H. A. Blackstead, William B. Yelon, M. Kornecki, M. P. Smylie, P. J. Mcginn, Jinbo Yang, Qingsheng Cai, William Joseph James Feb 2008

The Decomposition Of Yba₂Cu₃O₇₋Δ Doped Into Ba₂Yruo₆, H. A. Blackstead, William B. Yelon, M. Kornecki, M. P. Smylie, P. J. Mcginn, Jinbo Yang, Qingsheng Cai, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

One of the persistent criticisms of claims for observation of superconductivity in Ba2YRu1−uCuuO6 (O6) is that the diamagnetism is actually due to the decomposition of the material into YBa2Cu3O7−delta and other phases. We report a series of experiments in which YBa2Cu3O7−delta is doped into Ba2YRuO6 and carried through a series of sintering steps which were followed by magnetization, neutron diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy/microprobe measurements. It was found that the dopant YBa2Cu3O7−delta decomposed and failed to reform with cooling. It is concluded that the O6 phase is the stable high-temperature phase. The Cu released from ...


X-Ray Lithography Of Metal And Semiconductor Nanoparticles, Nicholas Leventis, Suchi Guha, Massimo F. Bertino, Raghuveer Reddy Gadipalli, Brian R. Heckman, John Katsoudas, Ralu Divan, Lane A. Martin, Derrick C. Mancini Jan 2008

X-Ray Lithography Of Metal And Semiconductor Nanoparticles, Nicholas Leventis, Suchi Guha, Massimo F. Bertino, Raghuveer Reddy Gadipalli, Brian R. Heckman, John Katsoudas, Ralu Divan, Lane A. Martin, Derrick C. Mancini

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

In the last few years, a considerable amount of research has focused on the three-dimensional fabrication of contacts and electronic devices. Most techniques, however, are essentially based on photoreduction, and are limited to noble- and semi-noble metals. We present here a general method that allows patterning of porous matrices in 3D with metal, but also with semiconductor nanoparticles which is of potential relevance for microfabrication applications. In our method, the pore-filling solvent of a sol-gel material is exchanged with a solution of precursors. The precursors are photodissociated and nanoparticles are formed when the monoliths are irradiated. In a series of ...


Crystal And Electronic Structures Of The Complex Hydride Li₄Bn₃H₁₀, Jinbo Yang, X. J. Wang, Qingsheng Cai, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James Aug 2007

Crystal And Electronic Structures Of The Complex Hydride Li₄Bn₃H₁₀, Jinbo Yang, X. J. Wang, Qingsheng Cai, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The crystal structure of Li4BN3H10 was investigated using powder neutron diffraction with high sensitivity. The compound crystallizes in the cubic space group 213 with lattice parameters a=10.645 19(52) Å with an ordered arrangement of [NH2]−1 and [BH4]−1 anions in a molar ratio of 3:1. The bond lengths between the nearest nitrogen and hydrogen atoms are 1.04(4) and 1.14(4) Å. The bond angle between H(1)-N-H(2) is about 126(6)°, while those between H(3)-B-H(3) and H(3)-B-H(4) are about 109(6)°-110(7)°. There ...


Mesoporous Matrices For Quantum Computation With Improved Response Through Redundance, T. E. Hodgson, Massimo F. Bertino, Nicholas Leventis, Irena D'Amico Jan 2007

Mesoporous Matrices For Quantum Computation With Improved Response Through Redundance, T. E. Hodgson, Massimo F. Bertino, Nicholas Leventis, Irena D'Amico

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present a solid state implementation of quantum computation, which improves previously proposed optically driven schemes. Our proposal is based on vertical arrays of quantum dots embedded in a mesoporous material which can be fabricated with present technology. The redundant encoding typical of the chosen hardware protects the computation against gate errors and the effects of measurement induced noise. The system parameters required for quantum computation applications are calculated for II-VI and III-V materials and found to be within the experimental range. The proposed hardware may help minimize errors due to polydispersity of dot sizes, which is at present one ...


The Effect Of Cu-Doping On The Magnetic And Transport Properties Of La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Mno₃, M. S. Kim, Jinbo Yang, Qingsheng Cai, X.-D. Zhou, William B. Yelon, Paul Ernest Parris, William Joseph James Jan 2005

The Effect Of Cu-Doping On The Magnetic And Transport Properties Of La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Mno₃, M. S. Kim, Jinbo Yang, Qingsheng Cai, X.-D. Zhou, William B. Yelon, Paul Ernest Parris, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The effects of Cu-doping on the structural, magnetic, and transport properties of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1xCuxO3 (0<=x<=0.20) have been studied using neutron diffraction, magnetization, and magnetoresistance (MR) measurements. All samples show the rhombohedral structure with the R[overline 3]c space-group from 10 K to room temperature (RT). Neutron diffraction data suggest that some of the Cu ions have a Cu3+ state in these compounds. The substitution of Mn by Cu affects the MnO bond length and Mn-O-Mn bond angle resulting from the minimization of the distortion of the MnO6 octahedron. Resistivity measurements show that a metal to insulator transition occurs for the x>=0.15 samples. The x=0.15 sample shows the highest MR([approximate]80%), which might result from the co-existence of Cu3-Cu2+ and the dilution effect of Cu-doping on the double exchange interaction


Laser Writing Of Semiconductor Nanoparticles And Quantum Dots, Massimo F. Bertino, Raghuveer Reddy Gadipalli, J. Greg Story, C. G. Williams, Guo-Hui Zhang, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Akira Tokuhiro, Suchi Guha, Nicholas Leventis Jan 2004

Laser Writing Of Semiconductor Nanoparticles And Quantum Dots, Massimo F. Bertino, Raghuveer Reddy Gadipalli, J. Greg Story, C. G. Williams, Guo-Hui Zhang, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Akira Tokuhiro, Suchi Guha, Nicholas Leventis

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Silica aerogels were patterned with CdS using a photolithographic technique based on local heating with infrared (IR) light. The solvent of silica hydrogels was exchanged with an aqueous solution of the precursors CdNO3 and NH4 OH, all precooled to a temperature of 5°C. Half of the bathing solution was then replaced by a thiourea solution. After thiourea diffused into the hydrogels, the samples were exposed to a focused IR beam from a continuous wave, Nd-YAG laser. The precursors reacted in the spots heated by the IR beam to form CdS nanoparticles. We lithographed features with a diameter ...


Study Of Structural And Magnetic Properties Of Iron-Rich Mixed Rare-Earth Nddyfe (17-Y-X)Coxsiy Compounds, Kishore Kamaraju, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, Oran Allan Pringle, M. S. Kim, Qingsheng Cai, William Joseph James Jan 2004

Study Of Structural And Magnetic Properties Of Iron-Rich Mixed Rare-Earth Nddyfe (17-Y-X)Coxsiy Compounds, Kishore Kamaraju, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, Oran Allan Pringle, M. S. Kim, Qingsheng Cai, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A series of NdDyFe(17-y-x)CoxSiy solid solutions with = 2 and 3 and = 0.5 1.0 and 1.5 were prepared by induction melting stoichiometric amounts of high-purity elements. The postannealed samples consist of two phases belonging to the space groups R3 m and P63 mmc . The lattice parameters and the unit cell volumes were calculated from the refinements of the magnetic and structural unit cells using the FULLPROF version of the Rietveld program. For a fixed content of Co, the maximum Curie temperatures (305 C to 405 C) were observed in samples with = 1 and having two phases ...


How To Establish Successful Cooperative Student Learning Centers For Stem Courses, Ronald James Bieniek, Douglas R. Carroll, Cesar Mendoza, Oran Allan Pringle, Ekkehard Sinn, Kai-Tak Wan, Donald C. Wunsch Jan 2003

How To Establish Successful Cooperative Student Learning Centers For Stem Courses, Ronald James Bieniek, Douglas R. Carroll, Cesar Mendoza, Oran Allan Pringle, Ekkehard Sinn, Kai-Tak Wan, Donald C. Wunsch

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Students learn more if they are actively involved in the learning process, particularly in a cooperative manner. Several UMR faculty have operated course-based learning centers (LCs) as part of the campus-wide Learning Enhancement Across Disciplines (LEAD) Program of student learning assistance and enhancement. LCs are designed to assist large numbers of students in a cost- and time-efficient manner that promotes student engagement without requiring undue amounts of faculty time. Course instructors spend time in the open learning environment of the LC, in lieu of office hours, guiding students to master course material and skills in their evolution from novice to ...


Magnetic And Neutron Diffraction Studies On Prmnsb₂, Satish K. Malik, Zili Chu, Amish G. Joshi, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, Qingsheng Cai, William Joseph James, Kishore Kamaraju May 2002

Magnetic And Neutron Diffraction Studies On Prmnsb₂, Satish K. Malik, Zili Chu, Amish G. Joshi, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, Qingsheng Cai, William Joseph James, Kishore Kamaraju

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Magnetic and neutron diffraction studies have been carried out on PrMnSb2. Magnetization data in the temperature range of 5-400 K show two magnetic transitions: one at ∼175 K attributed to the antiferromagnetic ordering of the Mn moments, and the other at ∼35 K possibly due to the antiferromagnetic ordering of the Pr moments. The magnetization-field isotherms at various temperatures are consistent with the above. Neutron diffraction data obtained at various temperatures can be fitted with a nearly antiferromagnetically coupled Mn moment of ∼3μB at 70 K. At 10 K, moments both on Mn (∼3.5μB) and Pr ...


Magnetic Properties Of Iron-Rich Mixed Rare-Earth Sm₂-ₓTbₓFe17-YSiY Compounds, Kishore Kamaraju, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, Oran Allan Pringle, William Joseph James, Ph. I'Héritier May 2002

Magnetic Properties Of Iron-Rich Mixed Rare-Earth Sm₂-ₓTbₓFe17-YSiY Compounds, Kishore Kamaraju, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, Oran Allan Pringle, William Joseph James, Ph. I'Héritier

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A series of Sm2-xTbxFe17-ySiy solid solutions with x = 0, 1, and 1.5 and y = 1, 2, and 3 were prepared by induction melting stoichiometric amounts of high purity elements. The x-ray diffraction data confirm that the postannealed samples are 2:17 intermetallics of the R3 space group. The lattice parameters and the unit cell volumes were calculated using a modified Rietveld program. The fitted intensities showed behavior related to a disordered rhombohedral structure as inferred from neutron data. It was observed that for a particular y, the unit cell volume decreased almost ...


Observation Of Novel Disordered Rhombohedral R₂Fe₁₇ (R=Rare Earth) Based Compounds, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, Jinbo Yang, Kishore Kamaraju, Qingsheng Cai, Zili Chu, Satish K. Malik May 2002

Observation Of Novel Disordered Rhombohedral R₂Fe₁₇ (R=Rare Earth) Based Compounds, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, Jinbo Yang, Kishore Kamaraju, Qingsheng Cai, Zili Chu, Satish K. Malik

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A recent study of (SmGd)Fe 14Si3 showed an anomalous x-ray diffraction pattern [P. C. Ezekwenna, G. K. Marasinghe, J.-H. Nam, W. J. James, W. B. Yelon, M. Ellouze, and Ph. I'Héritier, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 6716 (2000)]. Although all observed peaks could be indexed to the rhombohedral 2:17 phase (R-3m) many lines were strongly reduced in intensity. Subsequently, the same phenomenon was seen in neutron diffraction patterns from Nd2-xDysFe17-ySiy alloys and conventional refinement using the rhombohedral phase left significant residuals. Fourier mapping revealed additional density along the c-axis ...


Structure And Magnetic Properties Of The Mnbi Low Temperature Phase, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, Qingsheng Cai, Samit Roy, Naushad Ali May 2002

Structure And Magnetic Properties Of The Mnbi Low Temperature Phase, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, Qingsheng Cai, Samit Roy, Naushad Ali

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

High purity MnBi low temperature phase has been prepared and analyzed using magnetic measurements and neutron diffraction. The low-temperature phase of the MnBi alloy has a coercivity μ0iHc of 2.0 T at 400 K, and exhibits a positive temperature coefficient from 0 to at least 400 K. The neutron data refinement indicated that the Mn atom changes its spin direction from c axis above room temperature to nearly perpendicular to the c axis at 50 K. A canted magnetic structure has been observed below 200 K. The anisotropy field increases with increasing temperature which gives rise ...


Magnetic And Mössbauer Studies On Oxygen Deficient Perovskite, La₀.₆Sr₀.₄Feo3-Δ, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, X.-D. Zhou, Yixiang Xie, Harlan U. Anderson, Zili Chu May 2002

Magnetic And Mössbauer Studies On Oxygen Deficient Perovskite, La₀.₆Sr₀.₄Feo3-Δ, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, X.-D. Zhou, Yixiang Xie, Harlan U. Anderson, Zili Chu

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Samples of La0.6Sr0.4Fe3-δ with varying oxygen vacancy contents were prepared by heating them in different gas flows. Magnetization measurement showed that samples with low oxygen vacancies have a magnetic ordering temperature in the range of 300-325 K while those with 9%-12% oxygen vacancies have a magnetic ordering temperature of 800 K and higher. Mössbauer spectra at 300 K exhibit paramagnetic or weak magnetic characteristics for the N2, O2, and air-quenched samples, whereas an average hyperfine field of 52 T is found for the CO/CO2 reduced samples. The heat ...


Possible Ordering Of Ru And Cu In The Charge-Reservoir Of Magneto-Superconductor Rusr₂Gdcu₂O₈ (Ru-1212): Magnetic, Transport, And Tem Microstructural Studies, V. P. S. Awana, S. Ichihara, J. Nakamura, M. Karppinen, H. Yamauchi, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, Satish K. Malik May 2002

Possible Ordering Of Ru And Cu In The Charge-Reservoir Of Magneto-Superconductor Rusr₂Gdcu₂O₈ (Ru-1212): Magnetic, Transport, And Tem Microstructural Studies, V. P. S. Awana, S. Ichihara, J. Nakamura, M. Karppinen, H. Yamauchi, Jinbo Yang, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, Satish K. Malik

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Magnetization vs temperature behavior of RuSr2GdCu2O8-δ (Ru-1212) measured in an field of 5 Oe, shows a clear branching of zero-field-cooled (ZFC) and field-cooled (FC) curves around 140 K, a cusp at 135 K, and a diamagnetic transition around 20 K (in the ZFC branch). The cusp at 135 K is due to the antiferromagnetic ordering of the Ru moments. The magnetization-field isotherms, below 50 K, show a nonlinear contribution from a ferromagnetic component. The resistance vs temperature behavior of the compound, in applied fields of 0, 3, and 7 T, confirms that the sample is ...


Effect Of Oxygen Vacancies On The Magnetic Structure Of The La₀.₆Sr₀.₄Feo3-Δ Perovskite: A Neutron Diffraction Study, Zili Chu, William B. Yelon, Jinbo Yang, William Joseph James, Harlan U. Anderson, Yixiang Xie, Satish K. Malik Jan 2002

Effect Of Oxygen Vacancies On The Magnetic Structure Of The La₀.₆Sr₀.₄Feo3-Δ Perovskite: A Neutron Diffraction Study, Zili Chu, William B. Yelon, Jinbo Yang, William Joseph James, Harlan U. Anderson, Yixiang Xie, Satish K. Malik

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Magnetic interactions in perovskite compounds of the type La1-xSrxMO3-δ (M=3d transition such as Mn and Fe) are presumed to arise through a super exchange between 3d electrons of the magnetic ions via oxygen orbitals. The magnetic structure of La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-δ has been studied with neutron diffraction. Oxygen vacancies were created by annealing samples under various gases including N2, air and mixtures of CO/CO2. All La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-δ compounds maintain the rhombohedral structure (space group R3̄c). The air- or oxygen-annealed ...


Electrical And Magnetotransport Properties Of Canted Antiferromagnet Dy₅Si₂Ge₂, R. Nirmala, V. Sankaranarayanan, K. Sethupathi, Zili Chu, William B. Yelon, V. Prasad, A. V. Morozkin, Satish K. Malik, S. V. Subramanyam Jan 2002

Electrical And Magnetotransport Properties Of Canted Antiferromagnet Dy₅Si₂Ge₂, R. Nirmala, V. Sankaranarayanan, K. Sethupathi, Zili Chu, William B. Yelon, V. Prasad, A. V. Morozkin, Satish K. Malik, S. V. Subramanyam

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Summary form only given. Since the giant magnetocaloric effect is encountered in a ferromagnetic Gd5Si2Ge2 alloy near room temperature it is considered as a suitable material for magnetic refrigerator applications. Also a commensurate structural transition occurs at the magnetic transition temperature and there is a good correlation between the crystal structure and magnetic properties. Such observations have triggered numerous experimental studies on similar rare earth alloys and compounds. We have synthesized its Dy- analogue, namely, Dy5Si2Ge2 and have characterized it by means of room temperature X-ray diffraction, ac magnetic susceptibility (15 K - 300 K), electrical resistivity (at zero field and ...


Magnetic Properties Of The Mnbi Intermetallic Compound, Jinbo Yang, Kishore Kamaraju, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, Qingsheng Cai, A. Bollero Sep 2001

Magnetic Properties Of The Mnbi Intermetallic Compound, Jinbo Yang, Kishore Kamaraju, William B. Yelon, William Joseph James, Qingsheng Cai, A. Bollero

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A MnBi alloy containing over 90 wt% low-temperature phase (LTP) has been obtained by high-temperature sintering and magnetic purification. The coercivity of the bonded MnBi magnet increases with increasing temperatures. A coercivity of 2.0 T has been achieved at 400 K. The maximum energy product (BH)max; of the magnet is 7.7 MGOe (61 kJ/m3) and 4.6 MGOe (37 kJ/m3) at room temperature and 400 K, respectively. Neutron diffraction and magnetic data reveal a spin reorientation, which gives rise to low anisotropy fields and coercivity at lower temperatures for the LTP MnBi alloy.


Electronic Structures And Magnetism Of Lani₅₋ₓFeₓ Compounds, Jinbo Yang, Chiu-Ying Tai, G. K. Marasinghe, George Daniel Waddill, Oran Allan Pringle, William Joseph James Jan 2001

Electronic Structures And Magnetism Of Lani₅₋ₓFeₓ Compounds, Jinbo Yang, Chiu-Ying Tai, G. K. Marasinghe, George Daniel Waddill, Oran Allan Pringle, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A systematic study of the magnetic moments and hyperfine interactions of the LaNi5-xFex compounds was performed using the spin-polarized tight-binding-linear-muffin-tin-orbital methods (TBLMTO). The calculated results were compared with neutron diffraction and Mössbauer experimental data and found to be in good agreement. Fe atoms exhibit more localized magnetic moments in LaNi5-xFex when the Fe content x is lower than 1.0. The calculated magnetic moments of the Fe atoms approach values as large as 2.5μB due to the dilution effect. The strong s-d hybridization between the Ni and La atoms and the neighboring ...


Structural, Electronic, And Magnetic Properties Of Lani₅₋ₓTₓ (T = Fe, Mn) Compounds, Jinbo Yang, Chiu-Ying Tai, G. K. Marasinghe, George Daniel Waddill, Oran Allan Pringle, William Joseph James, Y. Kong Jan 2001

Structural, Electronic, And Magnetic Properties Of Lani₅₋ₓTₓ (T = Fe, Mn) Compounds, Jinbo Yang, Chiu-Ying Tai, G. K. Marasinghe, George Daniel Waddill, Oran Allan Pringle, William Joseph James, Y. Kong

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Structures and magnetic properties of the LaNi5-xFex and LaNi5-xMnx compounds have been investigated using neutron diffraction and first-principles tight-binding-linear-muffin-tin-orbital methods. Both neutron diffraction refinement data and total energy calculations show that the Fe and Mn atoms preferentially occupy the 3g sites in the hexagonal CaCu5-type structure. The calculated magnetic moments of Fe and Ni atoms are of 2.4-2.5μB and 0.2-0.5μB in LaNi5-xFex, respectively. The magnetic structure exhibits more localized moments at Fe atoms in LaNi5-xFex when x ≤ 1.0. Electronic ...


Observation Of Stratospheric Ozone Depletion Associated With Delta Ii Rocket Emissions, Martin N. Ross, Darin W. Toohey, W. T. Rawlins, E. C. Richard, K. K. Kelly, A. F. Tuck, M. H. Proffitt, Donald E. Hagen, Alfred R. Hopkins, Philip D. Whitefield, J. R. Benbrook, W. R. Sheldon Aug 2000

Observation Of Stratospheric Ozone Depletion Associated With Delta Ii Rocket Emissions, Martin N. Ross, Darin W. Toohey, W. T. Rawlins, E. C. Richard, K. K. Kelly, A. F. Tuck, M. H. Proffitt, Donald E. Hagen, Alfred R. Hopkins, Philip D. Whitefield, J. R. Benbrook, W. R. Sheldon

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Ozone, chlorine monoxide, methane, and submicron particulate concentrations were measured in the stratospheric plume wake of a Delta II rocket powered by a combination of solid (NH4ClO4/Al) and liquid (LOX/kerosene) propulsion systems. We apply a simple kinetics model describing the main features of gas-phase chlorine reactions in solid propellant exhaust plumes to derive the abundance of total reactive chlorine in the plume and estimate the associated cumulative ozone loss. Measured ozone loss during two plume encounters (12 and 39 minutes after launch) exceeded the estimate by about a factor of about two. Insofar as only ...


Observations Of Particulates Within The North Atlantic Flight Corridor: Polinat 2, September-October 1997, J. D. Paladino, Donald E. Hagen, Philip D. Whitefield, Alfred Raymond Hopkins, Otmar Schmid, M. R. Wilson, Hans Schlager, Peter Schulte Feb 2000

Observations Of Particulates Within The North Atlantic Flight Corridor: Polinat 2, September-October 1997, J. D. Paladino, Donald E. Hagen, Philip D. Whitefield, Alfred Raymond Hopkins, Otmar Schmid, M. R. Wilson, Hans Schlager, Peter Schulte

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper discusses particulate concentration and size distribution data gathered using the University of Missouri-Rolla Mobile Aerosol Sampling System (UMR-MASS), and used to investigate the southern extent of the eastern end of the North Atlantic Flight Corridor (NAFC) during project Pollution From Aircraft Emissions in the North Atlantic Flight Corridor/Subsonic Assessment (SASS) Ozone and Nitrogen Oxide Experiment (POLINAT 2/SONEX) from September 19 to October 23, 1997. The analysis presented in this paper focuses on "the corridor effect," or enhancement of pollutants by jet aircraft combustion events. To investigate the phenomena, both vertical and horizontal profiles of the corridor ...


The Effects Of Substituting Iron For Manganese In Smmn₆Ge₆: Magnetic And Crystallographic Properties, J. Han, William B. Yelon, Naushad Ali, I. Dubenko, G. K. Marasinghe, Ph. I'Héritier, William Joseph James Jan 2000

The Effects Of Substituting Iron For Manganese In Smmn₆Ge₆: Magnetic And Crystallographic Properties, J. Han, William B. Yelon, Naushad Ali, I. Dubenko, G. K. Marasinghe, Ph. I'Héritier, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Crystal And Magnetic Structures Of Lani₅₋ₓMnₓ, Chiu-Ying Tai, G. K. Marasinghe, Oran Allan Pringle, William Joseph James, Muguo Chen, William B. Yelon, I. Dubenko, Naushad Ali, Ph. I'Héritier Jan 2000

Crystal And Magnetic Structures Of Lani₅₋ₓMnₓ, Chiu-Ying Tai, G. K. Marasinghe, Oran Allan Pringle, William Joseph James, Muguo Chen, William B. Yelon, I. Dubenko, Naushad Ali, Ph. I'Héritier

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The crystallographic and magnetic properties of LaN5-xMnx with x = 1, 1.5, and 2, have been investigated using x-ray and neutron diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometer and superconducting quantum interference device measurements. All the samples crystallize in the hexagonal CaCu5-type (P6/mmm) structure. Manganese atoms preferentially occupy the 3 g site in the LaNi5 structure. The bulk magnetization of the LaNi5-xMnx powder samples decreases rapidly as nickel is replaced by manganese. A ferrimagnetic model is applied to describe the magnetic structure of the LaNi5-xMnx samples for x = 1.5 ...


X-Ray Absorption, Neutron Diffraction, And Mössbauer Effect Studies Of Mnzn-Ferrite Processed Through High-Energy Ball Milling, D. J. Fatemi, V. G. Harris, Mingxing Chen, Satish K. Malik, William B. Yelon, Gary J. Long, Amitabh Mohan Jan 1999

X-Ray Absorption, Neutron Diffraction, And Mössbauer Effect Studies Of Mnzn-Ferrite Processed Through High-Energy Ball Milling, D. J. Fatemi, V. G. Harris, Mingxing Chen, Satish K. Malik, William B. Yelon, Gary J. Long, Amitabh Mohan

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

MnZn-ferrite has been prepared via high-energy ball milling of elemental oxides MnO, ZnO, and α-Fe2O3. Neutron diffraction measurements suggest a high density of vacancies in a spinel structure. The spinel phase appears to comprise 99.8 wt % of the material in the sample milled for 40 h, with the remainder attributable to unreacted α-Fe2O3. The x-ray absorption near-edge structure was analyzed to provide an understanding of the charge state of the constituent Fe ions. This analysis reveals about 2/3 of Fe cations to be trivalent, increasing to about 3/4 after a 5 ...


Magnetic And Crystallographic Properties Of Lani₅₋ₓFex, C. Tan, Oran Allan Pringle, Mingxing Chen, William B. Yelon, J. Gebhardt, Naushad Ali, C. Y. Tai, G. K. Marasinghe, George Daniel Waddill, William Joseph James Jan 1999

Magnetic And Crystallographic Properties Of Lani₅₋ₓFex, C. Tan, Oran Allan Pringle, Mingxing Chen, William B. Yelon, J. Gebhardt, Naushad Ali, C. Y. Tai, G. K. Marasinghe, George Daniel Waddill, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Particulate Sizing And Emission Indices For A Jet Engine Exhaust Sampled At Cruise, Donald E. Hagen, Philip D. Whitefield, Jonathan D. Paladino, Max B. Trueblood May 1998

Particulate Sizing And Emission Indices For A Jet Engine Exhaust Sampled At Cruise, Donald E. Hagen, Philip D. Whitefield, Jonathan D. Paladino, Max B. Trueblood

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Particle size and emission indices measurements for jet engines, primarily the Rolls Royce RB211 engines on a NASA 757 aircraft are reported. These data were used to estimate the fraction of fuel sulfur that was converted to particulates. These measurements were made in-situ with the sampling aircraft several kilometers behind the source. Some complimentary ground measurements on the same source aircraft and engines are also reported. Significant differences are seen between the ground observations and the in-situ observations, indicating that plume processes are changing the aerosol's characteristics.