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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Quantum Critical Behavior Of The Superfluid-Mott Glass Transition, Thomas Vojta, Jack Crewse, Martin Puschmann, Daniel Arovas, Yury Kiselev Oct 2016

Quantum Critical Behavior Of The Superfluid-Mott Glass Transition, Thomas Vojta, Jack Crewse, Martin Puschmann, Daniel Arovas, Yury Kiselev

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate the zero-temperature superfluid to insulator transitions in a diluted two-dimensional quantum rotor model with particle-hole symmetry. We map the Hamiltonian onto a classical (2+1)-dimensional XY model with columnar disorder which we analyze by means of large-scale Monte Carlo simulations. For dilutions below the lattice percolation threshold, the system undergoes a generic superfluid-Mott glass transition. In contrast to other quantum phase transitions in disordered systems, its critical behavior is of conventional power-law type with universal (dilution-independent) critical exponents z=1.52(3), ν =1.16(5), ß/ν =0.48(2), γ/ν=2.52(4), and ...


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Fully Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of The 2s And 2p States Of Li By O⁸⁺ Ions, Ebrahim Ghanbari-Adivi, Daniel Fischer, Natalia Ferreira, Johannes Goullon, Renate Hubele, Aaron Laforge, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison Aug 2016

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Fully Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of The 2s And 2p States Of Li By O⁸⁺ Ions, Ebrahim Ghanbari-Adivi, Daniel Fischer, Natalia Ferreira, Johannes Goullon, Renate Hubele, Aaron Laforge, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper presents a full three-dimensional (3D) comparison between experiment and theory for 24 MeV O8+ single ionization of the 2s ground state of lithium and the 2p excited state. Two theoretical approximations are examined: the three-body continuum distorted-wave (3DW) and three-body continuum distorted-wave-eikonal initial state (3DW-EIS). Normally, there is a significant difference between these two approaches and the 3DW-EIS is in much better agreement with experiment. In this case, there is very little difference between the two approaches and both are in very good agreement with experiment. For the excited 2p state, the 3D cross sections would exhibit ...


Contact Process With Temporal Disorder, Hatem Barghathi, Thomas Vojta, José A. Hoyos Aug 2016

Contact Process With Temporal Disorder, Hatem Barghathi, Thomas Vojta, José A. Hoyos

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate the influence of time-varying environmental noise, i.e., temporal disorder, on the nonequilibrium phase transition of the contact process. Combining a real-time renormalization group, scaling theory, and large scale Monte-Carlo simulations in one and two dimensions, we show that the temporal disorder gives rise to an exotic critical point. At criticality, the effective noise amplitude diverges with increasing time scale, and the probability distribution of the density becomes infinitely broad, even on a logarithmic scale. Moreover, the average density and survival probability decay only logarithmically with time. This infinite-noise critical behavior can be understood as the temporal counterpart ...


Multiple Fermi Surfaces In Superconducting Nb-Doped Bi₂Se₃, B. J. Lawson, Paul Corbae, Gang Li, Fan Yu, Tomoya Asaba, Colin Tinsman, Y. Qiu, Julia E. Medvedeva, Yew San Hor, L. Li Jul 2016

Multiple Fermi Surfaces In Superconducting Nb-Doped Bi₂Se₃, B. J. Lawson, Paul Corbae, Gang Li, Fan Yu, Tomoya Asaba, Colin Tinsman, Y. Qiu, Julia E. Medvedeva, Yew San Hor, L. Li

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Topological insulator Bi2Se3 has shown a number of interesting physical properties. Doping Bi2Se3 with copper or strontium has been demonstrated to make the material superconducting and potentially even a topological superconductor. The recent discovery of superconducting niobium-doped Bi2Se3 reveals an exciting new physical phenomenon, the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetic ordering, as well as signatures of an odd-parity p-wave superconducting order. To understand this new phenomenon, a detailed knowledge of the electronic structure is needed. We present an observation of quantum oscillations in the magnetization (the de Haas-van Alphen effect) of ...


Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Argon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison, Klaus Bartschat Jun 2016

Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Argon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison, Klaus Bartschat

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

As a further test of advanced theoretical methods to describe electron-impact single-ionization processes in complex atomic targets, we extended our recent work on Ne(2p) ionization [X. Ren, S. Amami, O. Zatsarinny, T. Pflüger, M. Weyland, W. Y. Baek, H. Rabus, K. Bartschat, D. Madison, and A. Dorn, Phys. Rev. A 91, 032707 (2015)PLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA.91.032707] to Ar(3p) ionization at the relatively low incident energy of E0 = 66 eV. The experimental data were obtained with a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission. We present experimental ...


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Triple Differential Cross Sections For The Single Ionization Of Co₂ (1Πg) By Electron Impact, Zehra N. Ozer, Esam Ali, Mevlut Dogan, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Ochbadrakh Chuluunbaatar, Boghos B. Joulakian, Chuan-Gang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Jun 2016

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Triple Differential Cross Sections For The Single Ionization Of Co₂ (1Πg) By Electron Impact, Zehra N. Ozer, Esam Ali, Mevlut Dogan, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Ochbadrakh Chuluunbaatar, Boghos B. Joulakian, Chuan-Gang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Experimental and theoretical triple differential cross sections for intermediate-energy (250 eV) electron-impact single ionization of the CO2 are presented for three fixed projectile scattering angles. Results are presented for ionization of the outermost 1πg molecular orbital of CO2 in a coplanar asymmetric geometry. The experimental data are compared to predictions from the three-center Coulomb continuum approximation for triatomic targets, and the molecular three-body distorted wave (M3DW) model. It is observed that while both theories are in reasonable qualitative agreement with experiment, the M3DW is in the best overall agreement with experiment.


Experimental And Theoretical Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Tetrahydrofuran Ionized By Low-Energy 26-Ev-Electron Impact, Esam Ali, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Jun 2016

Experimental And Theoretical Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Tetrahydrofuran Ionized By Low-Energy 26-Ev-Electron Impact, Esam Ali, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report an experimental and theoretical study of low-energy electron-impact ionization of tetrahydrofuran, which is a molecule of biological interest. The experiments were performed using an advanced reaction microscope specially built for electron-impact ionization studies. The theoretical calculations were performed within the molecular three-body distorted-wave model. Reasonably good agreement is found between experiment and theory.


Reply To "Comment On 'Classical Description Of H(1s) And H* (N=2) For Cross-Section Calculations Relevant To Charge-Exchange Diagnostics'", N. D. Cariatore, Sebastian Otranto, Ronald E. Olson Jun 2016

Reply To "Comment On 'Classical Description Of H(1s) And H* (N=2) For Cross-Section Calculations Relevant To Charge-Exchange Diagnostics'", N. D. Cariatore, Sebastian Otranto, Ronald E. Olson

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

In reply to the Comment of Jorge et al. [Phys. Rev. A 93, 066701 (2016)], we agree and reconfirm that the alternative classical trajectory Monte Carlo method (called hydrogenic-Z-CTMC) radial distributions for H*(n = 2) we recently published are not stable in time. However, we show that such lack of stability which is more noticeable for H(2s) than for H(2p) is due to the initialization procedure employed and not to the hydrogenic-Z-CTMC method itself. A new set of completely stable hydrogenic-Z-CTMC calculations for H*(n = 2) is introduced and found in very good agreement with standard microcanonical results ...


Spatio-Temporal Generalization Of The Harris Criterion And Its Application To Diffusive Disorder, Thomas Vojta, Ronald Dickman Mar 2016

Spatio-Temporal Generalization Of The Harris Criterion And Its Application To Diffusive Disorder, Thomas Vojta, Ronald Dickman

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate how a clean continuous phase transition is affected by spatiotemporal disorder, i.e., by an external perturbation that fluctuates in both space and time. We derive a generalization of the Harris criterion for the stability of the clean critical behavior in terms of the space-time correlation function of the external perturbation. As an application, we consider diffusive disorder, i.e., an external perturbation governed by diffusive dynamics, and its effects on a variety of equilibrium and nonequilibrium critical points. We also discuss the relation between diffusive disorder and diffusive dynamical degrees of freedom in the example of model ...


Random Field Disorder At An Absorbing State Transition In One And Two Dimensions, Hatem Barghathi, Thomas Vojta Feb 2016

Random Field Disorder At An Absorbing State Transition In One And Two Dimensions, Hatem Barghathi, Thomas Vojta

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate the behavior of nonequilibrium phase transitions under the influence of disorder that locally breaks the symmetry between two symmetrical macroscopic absorbing states. In equilibrium systems such "random-field" disorder destroys the phase transition in low dimensions by preventing spontaneous symmetry breaking. In contrast, we show here that random-field disorder fails to destroy the nonequilibrium phase transition of the one- and two-dimensional generalized contact process. Instead, it modifies the dynamics in the symmetry-broken phase. Specifically, the dynamics in the one-dimensional case is described by a Sinai walk of the domain walls between two different absorbing states. In the two-dimensional case ...


Role Of Composition And Structure On The Properties Of Metal/Multifunctional Ceramic Interfaces, Fang Yin Lin, Aleksandr V. Chernatynskiy, Juan Claudio Nino, Jacob L. Jones, Richard G. Hennig, Susan Sinnott Jan 2016

Role Of Composition And Structure On The Properties Of Metal/Multifunctional Ceramic Interfaces, Fang Yin Lin, Aleksandr V. Chernatynskiy, Juan Claudio Nino, Jacob L. Jones, Richard G. Hennig, Susan Sinnott

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The formation of intermetallic secondary phases, such as Pt3Pb, has been observed experimentally at PbTiO3/Pt and Pb(Zr,Ti)O3/Pt, or PZT/Pt, interfaces. Density functional theory calculations are used here to calculate the work of adhesion of these interfacial systems with and without the secondary intermetallic phase. The charge density maps of the interfaces reveal the electronic interactions at the interface and the impact of the secondary phase. In addition, Bader charge analysis provides a quantitative assessment of electron transfer from the perovskites to the Pt. Analysis of the band diagrams indicates an ...


Electron Impact Ionization Dynamics Of Para-Benzoquinone, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, O. Ingólfsson, Don H. Madison, M. J. Brunger Jan 2016

Electron Impact Ionization Dynamics Of Para-Benzoquinone, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, O. Ingólfsson, Don H. Madison, M. J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) for the electron impact ionization of the unresolved combination of the 4 highest occupied molecular orbitals (4b3g, 5b2u, 1b1g, and 2b3u) of para-benzoquinone are reported. These were obtained in an asymmetric coplanar geometry with the scattered electron being observed at the angles −7.5°, −10.0°, −12.5° and −15.0°. The experimental cross sections are compared to theoretical calculations performed at the molecular 3-body distorted wave level, with a marginal level of agreement between them being found. The character of the ionized orbitals, through calculated momentum profiles, provides some qualitative ...


Infinite-Noise Criticality: Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions In Fluctuating Environments, Thomas Vojta, José A. Hoyos Nov 2015

Infinite-Noise Criticality: Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions In Fluctuating Environments, Thomas Vojta, José A. Hoyos

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We study the effects of time-varying environmental noise on nonequilibrium phase transitions in spreading and growth processes. Using the examples of the logistic evolution equation as well as the contact process, we show that such temporal disorder gives rise to a distinct type of critical points at which the effective noise amplitude diverges on long time scales. This leads to enormous density fluctuations characterized by an infinitely broad probability distribution at criticality. We develop a real-time renormalization-group theory that provides a general framework for the effects of temporal disorder on nonequilibrium processes. We also discuss how general this exotic critical ...


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Electron-Impact-Ionization Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Ethane, Esam Ali, Kate Nixon, Andrw Murray, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Oct 2015

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Electron-Impact-Ionization Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Ethane, Esam Ali, Kate Nixon, Andrw Murray, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have recently examined electron-impact ionization of molecules that have one large atom at the center, surrounded by H nuclei (H2O, NH3, CH4). All of these molecules have ten electrons; however, they vary in their molecular symmetry. We found that the triple-differential cross sections (TDCSs) for the highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMOs) were similar, as was the character of the HOMO orbitals which had a p-type "peanut" shape. In this work, we examine ethane (C2H6) which is a molecule that has two large atoms surrounded by H nuclei, so that its HOMO has ...


Evidence For Unnatural-Parity Contributions To Electron-Impact Ionization Of Laser-Aligned Atoms, G. S. J. Armstrong, J. Colgan, M. S. Pindzola, S. Amami, Don H. Madison, J. Pursehouse, K. L. Nixon, A. J. Murray Sep 2015

Evidence For Unnatural-Parity Contributions To Electron-Impact Ionization Of Laser-Aligned Atoms, G. S. J. Armstrong, J. Colgan, M. S. Pindzola, S. Amami, Don H. Madison, J. Pursehouse, K. L. Nixon, A. J. Murray

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Recent measurements have examined the electron-impact ionization of excited-state laser-aligned Mg atoms. In this work we show that the ionization cross section arising from the geometry where the aligned atom is perpendicular to the scattering plane directly probes the unnatural parity contributions to the ionization amplitude. The contributions from natural parity partial waves cancel exactly in this geometry. Our calculations resolve the discrepancy between the nonzero measured cross sections in this plane and the zero cross section predicted by distorted-wave approaches. We demonstrate that this is a general feature of ionization from p-state targets by additional studies of ionization from ...


Anharmonic Properties In Mg₂X (X= C, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb) From First-Principles Calculations, Aleksandr V. Chernatynskiy, Simon R. Phillpot Aug 2015

Anharmonic Properties In Mg₂X (X= C, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb) From First-Principles Calculations, Aleksandr V. Chernatynskiy, Simon R. Phillpot

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Thermal conductivity reduction is one of the potential routes to improve the performance of thermoelectric materials. However, detailed understanding of the thermal transport of many promising materials is still missing. In this paper, we employ electronic-structure calculations at the level of density functional theory to elucidate thermal transport properties of the Mg2X (X=C, Si, Ge, Sn, and Pb) family of compounds, which includes Mg2Si, a material already identified as a potential thermoelectric. All these materials crystallize into the same antifluorite structure. Systematic trends in the anharmonic properties of these materials are presented and examined. Our ...


Interference Effects For Intermediate Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂ And N₂ Molecules, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Mevlut Dogan Jul 2015

Interference Effects For Intermediate Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂ And N₂ Molecules, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Mevlut Dogan

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have studied electron impact ionization of H2 and N2 molecules at intermediate energies to look for possible two center interference effects experimentally and theoretically. Here we report a study of the interference factor I for 250 eV electron-impact ionization. The experimental measurements are performed using a crossed-beam-type electron-electron coincidence spectrometer and theoretical calculations are obtained using the Molecular Three Body Distorted Wave Approximation (M3DW). We found that the I-factor demonstrated strong evidence for two-center interference effects for both H2 and N2. We also found that the I-factor is more sensitive to projectile angular scans than ...


Emerging Criticality In The Disordered Three-Color Ashkin-Teller Model, Qiong Zhu, Xin Wan, Rajesh Narayanan, José A. Hoyos, Thomas Vojta Jun 2015

Emerging Criticality In The Disordered Three-Color Ashkin-Teller Model, Qiong Zhu, Xin Wan, Rajesh Narayanan, José A. Hoyos, Thomas Vojta

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We study the effects of quenched disorder on the first-order phase transition in the two-dimensional three-color Ashkin-Teller model by means of large-scale Monte Carlo simulations. We demonstrate that the first-order phase transition is rounded by the disorder and turns into a continuous one. Using a careful finite-size-scaling analysis, we provide strong evidence for the emerging critical behavior of the disordered Ashkin-Teller model to be in the clean two-dimensional Ising universality class, accompanied by universal logarithmic corrections. This agrees with perturbative renormalization-group predictions by Cardy. As a byproduct, we also provide support for the strong-universality scenario for the critical behavior of ...


Erratum: Theoretical And Experimental (E,2e) Study Of Electron-Impact Ionization Of Laser-Aligned Mg Atoms [Physical Review A 90, 062707 (2014)], Sadek Amami, Andrew J. Murray, Al Stauffer, Kate Nixon, Gregory Armstrong, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Jun 2015

Erratum: Theoretical And Experimental (E,2e) Study Of Electron-Impact Ionization Of Laser-Aligned Mg Atoms [Physical Review A 90, 062707 (2014)], Sadek Amami, Andrew J. Murray, Al Stauffer, Kate Nixon, Gregory Armstrong, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have recently reported a theoretical and experimental study of electron-impact ionization of laser-aligned magnesium. Results were presented for both ionization of the ground state, as well as for laser-aligned atoms in the 3p state. For ionization from the 3p state, theoretical results were presented using the distorted wave Born (DWBA) and three-body distorted wave (3DW) approximations. Unfortunately, after publication we learned that the theoretical results were incorrect due to one of the arrays in the computer code dimensioned too small. The figures affected by this error are Figs. 3–5 in the original paper. The present Figs ...


Classical Description Of H(1s) And H* (N=2) For Cross-Section Calculations Relevant To Charge-Exchange Diagnostics, N. D. Cariatore, Sebastian Otranto, Ronald E. Olson Apr 2015

Classical Description Of H(1s) And H* (N=2) For Cross-Section Calculations Relevant To Charge-Exchange Diagnostics, N. D. Cariatore, Sebastian Otranto, Ronald E. Olson

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

In this work, we introduce a classical trajectory Monte Carlo (CTMC) methodology, specially conceived to provide a more accurate representation of charge-exchange processes between highly charged ions and H(1s) and H* (n=2). These processes are of particular relevance in power fusion reactor programs, for which charge-exchange spectroscopy has become a useful plasma diagnostics tool. To test the methodology, electron-capture reactions from these targets by C6+,N7+, and O8+ are studied at impact energies in the 10-150keV/amu range. State-selective cross sections are contrasted with those predicted by the standard microcanonical formulation of the CTMC method ...


Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Mar 2015

Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Low-energy (E0 0=65eV) electron-impact single ionization of Ne (2p) has been investigated to thoroughly test state-of-the-art theoretical approaches. The experimental data were measured using a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission energies ranging from 2 to 8 eV, and projectile scattering angles ranging from 8.5⁰ to 20.0⁰. The experimental triple-differential cross sections are internormalized across all measured scattering angles and ejected energies. The experimental data are compared to predictions from a hybrid second-order distorted-wave Born plus R-matrix approach, the distorted-wave Born approximation with the inclusion of ...


Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger Jan 2015

Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The He(i) photoelectron spectrum of furfural has been investigated, with its vibrational structure assigned for the first time. The ground and excited ionized states are assigned through ab initio calculations performed at the outer-valence Green's function level. Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) for electron-impact ionization of the unresolved combination of the 4a" + 21a' highest and next-highest occupied molecular orbitals have also been obtained. Experimental TDCSs are recorded in a combination of asymmetric coplanar and doubly symmetric coplanar kinematics. The experimental TDCSs are compared to theoretical calculations, obtained within a molecular 3-body distorted wave framework that employed either an ...


Computational Discovery Of Lanthanide Doped And Co-Doped Y₃Al₅O₁₂ For Optoelectronic Applications, Kamal Kumar Choudhary, Aleksandr V. Chernatynskiy, Kiran Mathew, Eric W. Bucholz, Simon R. Phillpot, Susan Sinnott, Richard G. Hennig Jan 2015

Computational Discovery Of Lanthanide Doped And Co-Doped Y₃Al₅O₁₂ For Optoelectronic Applications, Kamal Kumar Choudhary, Aleksandr V. Chernatynskiy, Kiran Mathew, Eric W. Bucholz, Simon R. Phillpot, Susan Sinnott, Richard G. Hennig

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We systematically elucidate the optoelectronic properties of rare-earth doped and Ce co-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) using hybrid exchange-correlation functional based density functional theory. The predicted optical transitions agree with the experimental observations for single doped Ce:YAG, Pr:YAG, and co-doped Er,Ce:YAG. We find that co-doping of Ce-doped YAG with any lanthanide except Eu and Lu lowers the transition energies; we attribute this behavior to the lanthanide-induced change in bonding environment of the dopant atoms. Furthermore, we find infrared transitions only in case of the Er, Tb, and Tm co-doped Ce:YAG and suggest Tm,Ce:YAG ...


Composition-Dependent Structural And Transport Properties Of Amorphous Transparent Conducting Oxides, Rabi Khanal, D. Bruce Buchholz, Robert P. Chang, Julia E. Medvedeva Jan 2015

Composition-Dependent Structural And Transport Properties Of Amorphous Transparent Conducting Oxides, Rabi Khanal, D. Bruce Buchholz, Robert P. Chang, Julia E. Medvedeva

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Structural properties of amorphous In-based oxides, In-X-O with X=Zn, Ga, Sn, or Ge, are investigated using ab initio molecular dynamics liquid-quench simulations. The results reveal that indium retains its average coordination of 5.0 upon 20% X fractional substitution for In, whereas X cations satisfy their natural coordination with oxygen atoms. This finding suggests that the carrier generation is primarily governed by In atoms, in accord with the observed carrier concentration in amorphous In-O and In-X-O. At the same time, the presence of X affects the number of six-coordinated In atoms as well as the oxygen sharing between the ...


X-Ray Emission Produced In Charge-Exchange Collisions Between Highly Charged Ions And Argon: Role Of The Multiple Electron Capture, Sebastian Otranto, N. D. Cariatore, Ronald E. Olson Dec 2014

X-Ray Emission Produced In Charge-Exchange Collisions Between Highly Charged Ions And Argon: Role Of The Multiple Electron Capture, Sebastian Otranto, N. D. Cariatore, Ronald E. Olson

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

In this work we use the classical trajectory Monte Carlo method within an eight-electron scheme to theoretically study photonic spectra that follow charge-exchange processes between highly charged ions of charge states 10+, 17+, 18+, and 36+ with neutral argon. The energy range considered is 18 eV/amu to 4 keV/amu, covering typical electron beam ion traps and solar wind energies. The role played by multiple electron capture processes for the different collision systems under consideration is explicitly analyzed and its contribution separated as arising from radiative decay and autoionizing multiple capture. For the present collision systems we find that ...


Theoretical And Experimental (E, 2e) Study Of Electron-Impact Ionization Of Laser-Aligned Mg Atoms, Sadek Amami, Andrew J. Murray, Al Stauffer, Kate Nixon, Gregory Armstrong, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Dec 2014

Theoretical And Experimental (E, 2e) Study Of Electron-Impact Ionization Of Laser-Aligned Mg Atoms, Sadek Amami, Andrew J. Murray, Al Stauffer, Kate Nixon, Gregory Armstrong, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have performed calculations of the fully differential cross sections for electron-impact ionization of magnesium atoms. Three theoretical approximations, the time-dependent close coupling, the three-body distorted wave, and the distorted wave Born approximation, are compared with experiment in this article. Results will be shown for ionization of the 3s ground state of Mg for both asymmetric and symmetric coplanar geometries. Results will also be shown for ionization of the 3p state which has been excited by a linearly polarized laser which produces a charge cloud aligned perpendicular to the laser beam direction and parallel to the linear polarization. Theoretical and ...


Enhanced Rare-Region Effects In The Contact Process With Long-Range Correlated Disorder, Ahmed K. Ibrahim, Hatem Barghathi, Thomas Vojta Oct 2014

Enhanced Rare-Region Effects In The Contact Process With Long-Range Correlated Disorder, Ahmed K. Ibrahim, Hatem Barghathi, Thomas Vojta

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate the nonequilibrium phase transition in the disordered contact process in the presence of long-range spatial disorder correlations. These correlations greatly increase the probability for finding rare regions that are locally in the active phase while the bulk system is still in the inactive phase. Specifically, if the correlations decay as a power of the distance, the rare-region probability is a stretched exponential of the rare-region size rather than a simple exponential as is the case for uncorrelated disorder. As a result, the Griffiths singularities are enhanced and take a non-power-law form. The critical point itself is of infinite-randomness ...


Phase Transitions On Random Lattices: How Random Is Topological Disorder?, Hatem Barghathi, Thomas Vojta Sep 2014

Phase Transitions On Random Lattices: How Random Is Topological Disorder?, Hatem Barghathi, Thomas Vojta

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We study the effects of topological (connectivity) disorder on phase transitions. We identify a broad class of random lattices whose disorder fluctuations decay much faster with increasing length scale than those of generic random systems, yielding a wandering exponent of ω = (d−1)/(2d) in d dimensions. The stability of clean critical points is thus governed by the criterion (d+1)ν > 2 rather than the usual Harris criterion dν > 2, making topological disorder less relevant than generic randomness. The Imry-Ma criterion is also modified, allowing first-order transitions to survive in all dimensions d > 1. These results explain a host ...


Strong-Disorder Magnetic Quantum Phase Transitions: Status And New Developments, Thomas Vojta Sep 2014

Strong-Disorder Magnetic Quantum Phase Transitions: Status And New Developments, Thomas Vojta

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

This article reviews the unconventional effects of random disorder on magnetic quantum phase transitions, focusing on a number of new experimental and theoretical developments during the last three years. On the theory side, we address smeared quantum phase transitions tuned by changing the chemical composition, for example in alloys of the type A1-xBx. We also discuss how the interplay of order parameter conservation and overdamped dynamics leads to enhanced quantum Griffiths singularities in disordered metallic ferromagnets. Finally, we discuss a semiclassical theory of transport properties in quantum Griffiths phases. Experimental examples include the ruthenates Sr1-xCa ...


Effect Of The Center-Of-Mass Approximation On The Scaling Of Electron-Capture Fully Differential Cross Sections, A. L. Harris, Don H. Madison Aug 2014

Effect Of The Center-Of-Mass Approximation On The Scaling Of Electron-Capture Fully Differential Cross Sections, A. L. Harris, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present results for p+He single electron capture and transfer with target excitation using the first Born approximation. The effect of approximating the center of mass of the helium atom and outgoing hydrogen atom at the respective nuclei is explored. Semianalytical results are compared for the calculations with and without the approximation, and it is shown that one must properly account for the center of mass of the atoms. It is also shown that this approximation is the result of the apparent v4 scaling that was previously observed with the four-body transfer with target excitation model.