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Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Electron energy levels

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Multicenter Distorted-Wave Approach For Electron-Impact Ionization Of Molecules, Esam Ali, Don H. Madison Jul 2019

Multicenter Distorted-Wave Approach For Electron-Impact Ionization Of Molecules, Esam Ali, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have previously used the molecular three-body distorted-wave model to examine electron-impact single ionization of molecules. One of the possible weaknesses of this approach lies in the fact that the continuum electron wave functions do not depend on the orientation of the molecule. Here we introduce a model called the multicenter molecular three-body distorted-wave (MCM3DW) approach, for which the continuum electron wave functions depend on the orientation of the molecule at the time of ionization. The MCM3DW results are compared with experimental data taken from work by Dorn and colleagues [Ren, Phys. Rev. A 91, 032707 (2015)10.1103/PhysRevA ...


Triple Differential Cross Sections For Electron-Impact Ionization Of Methane At Intermediate Energy, Esam Ali, Carlos Granados, Ahmad Sakaamini, Don H. Madison May 2019

Triple Differential Cross Sections For Electron-Impact Ionization Of Methane At Intermediate Energy, Esam Ali, Carlos Granados, Ahmad Sakaamini, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report an experimental and theoretical investigation of electron-impact single ionization of the highest occupied molecular orbital 1t2 and the next highest occupied molecular orbital 2a1 states of CH4 at an incident electron energy of 250 eV. Triple differential cross sections measured in two different laboratories were compared with results calculated within the molecular 3-body distorted wave and generalized Sturmian function theoretical models. For ionization of the 1t2 state, the binary peak was observed to have a single maximum near the momentum transfer direction that evolved into a double peak for increasing projectile scattering angles, as ...


Low Energy Electron And Positron Impact Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Water Molecules In The Coplanar And Perpendicular Kinematics, P. Singh, G. Purohit, C. Champion, D. Sebilleau, Don H. Madison Feb 2019

Low Energy Electron And Positron Impact Differential Cross Sections For The Ionization Of Water Molecules In The Coplanar And Perpendicular Kinematics, P. Singh, G. Purohit, C. Champion, D. Sebilleau, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report here triply differential cross sections (TDCSs) for 81 eV electron and positron-impact ionization of the combined (1b1 + 3a1 ) orbitals of the water molecule by using the second-order distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA2) for ejection electron and positron energies of 5 eV and 10 eV and different momentum transfer conditions. The electron-impact TDCS will be compared with the experimental data measured by Ren et al. [Phys. Rev. A 95, 022701 (2017)] and with the molecular 3-body distorted wave (M3DW) approximation results in the scattering plane as well as the perpendicular plane. The DWBA2 results are in better ...


Theoretical And Experimental Study Of (E,2e) Ionization Of The Co₂ (1ΠG) Molecule At 250 Ev, Mevlut Dogan, Zehra Nur Ozer, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Boghos B. Joulakian, Esam S M Ali, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

Theoretical And Experimental Study Of (E,2e) Ionization Of The Co₂ (1ΠG) Molecule At 250 Ev, Mevlut Dogan, Zehra Nur Ozer, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Boghos B. Joulakian, Esam S M Ali, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) of the electron-impact ionization of carbon dioxide are measured in the coplanar asymmetric geometry, with incident electron energy value of 250eV, and ejected electron of 37eV. We will report the experimental results in comparison with the theoretical calculations of the M3DW and TCC (type 5) calculations.


Coplanar Asymmetric Angles And Symmetric Energy Sharing Triple Differential Cross Sections For 200 Ev Electron-Impact Ionization Of Ar (3p), Zehra Nur Ozer, Sadek M. Amami, Onur Varol, Murat Yavuz, Mevlut Dogan, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

Coplanar Asymmetric Angles And Symmetric Energy Sharing Triple Differential Cross Sections For 200 Ev Electron-Impact Ionization Of Ar (3p), Zehra Nur Ozer, Sadek M. Amami, Onur Varol, Murat Yavuz, Mevlut Dogan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have measured triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) for electron-impact ionization of the 3p shell of Ar at 200 eV incident electron energy. The experiments have been performed in coplanar asymmetric energy sharing geometry. The experimental results are compared with the theoretical models of three body distorted wave (3DW) and distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA).


A Dynamical (E,2e) Investigation Of The Structurally Related Cyclic Ethers Tetrahydrofuran, Tetrahydropyran, And 1,4-Dioxane, J. D. Builth-Williams, Susan M. Bellm, Luca Chiari, Penny A. Thorn, Darryl B. Jones, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann, Gabriel Da Silva, Michael J. Brunger Jun 2013

A Dynamical (E,2e) Investigation Of The Structurally Related Cyclic Ethers Tetrahydrofuran, Tetrahydropyran, And 1,4-Dioxane, J. D. Builth-Williams, Susan M. Bellm, Luca Chiari, Penny A. Thorn, Darryl B. Jones, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann, Gabriel Da Silva, Michael J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Triple differential cross section measurements for the electron-impact ionization of the highest occupied molecular orbitals of tetrahydropyran and 1,4-dioxane are presented. For each molecule, experimental measurements were performed using the (e,2e) technique in asymmetric coplanar kinematics with an incident electron energy of 250 eV and an ejected electron energy of 20 eV. With the scattered electrons being detected at -5°, the angular distributions of the ejected electrons in the binary and recoil regions were observed. These measurements are compared with calculations performed within the molecular 3-body distorted wave model. Here, reasonable agreement was observed between the theoretical model ...


Experimental And Theoretical Investigation Of The Triple Differential Cross Section For Electron Impact Ionization Of Pyrimidine Molecules, J. D. Builth-Williams, Susan M. Bellm, Darryl B. Jones, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann, Michael J. Brunger Jan 2012

Experimental And Theoretical Investigation Of The Triple Differential Cross Section For Electron Impact Ionization Of Pyrimidine Molecules, J. D. Builth-Williams, Susan M. Bellm, Darryl B. Jones, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann, Michael J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Cross-section data for electron impact induced ionization of bio-molecules are important for modelling the deposition of energy within a biological medium and for gaining knowledge of electron driven processes at the molecular level. Triply differential cross sections have been measured for the electron impact ionization of the outer valence 7b 2 and 10a 1 orbitals of pyrimidine, using the (e, 2e) technique. The measurements have been performed with coplanar asymmetric kinematics, at an incident electron energy of 250 eV and ejected electron energy of 20 eV, for scattered electron angles of -5°, -10°, and -15°. The ejected electron angular range ...


Low Energy (E,2e) Studies From Ch₄: Results From Symmetric Coplanar Experiments And Molecular Three-Body Distorted Wave Theory, Kate L. Nixon, Andrew James Murray, Hari Chaluvadi, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison May 2011

Low Energy (E,2e) Studies From Ch₄: Results From Symmetric Coplanar Experiments And Molecular Three-Body Distorted Wave Theory, Kate L. Nixon, Andrew James Murray, Hari Chaluvadi, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Low energy experimental and theoretical triply differential cross sections are presented for electron impact ionization of methane (CH4) for both the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and next highest occupied molecular orbital (NHOMO). The HOMO is a predominantly p-type orbital which is labeled 1t2 and the NHOMO is predominantly s-type labeled 2a 1. Coplanar symmetric (symmetric both in final state electron energies and observation angles) are presented for final state electron energies ranging from 2.5 to 20 eV. The theoretical M3DW (molecular three-body distorted wave) results are in surprisingly good agreement with experiment for the HOMO state ...


Dynamical (E, 2e) Studies Using Tetrahydrofuran As A Dna Analogue, Christopher J. Colyer, Susan M. Bellm, G. Friedrich Hanne, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann Jan 2011

Dynamical (E, 2e) Studies Using Tetrahydrofuran As A Dna Analogue, Christopher J. Colyer, Susan M. Bellm, G. Friedrich Hanne, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning, B. Lohmann

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present dynamical (e, 2e) measurements for the electron impact ionization of formic acid and tetrahydrofuran molecules performed under similar kinematics. The experiments have been performed in the coplanar asymmetric geometry for a range of momentum transfers, at an incident electron energy of 250 eV and with an ejected electron energy of 10eV. The experimental results are compared with theoretical calculations carried out using the molecular 3-body distorted wave (M3DW) model.


Dynamical (E, 2e) Studies Using Tetrahydrofuran As A Dna Analog, Christopher J. Colyer, Susan M. Bellm, B. Lohmann, G. Friedrich Hanne, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning Sep 2010

Dynamical (E, 2e) Studies Using Tetrahydrofuran As A Dna Analog, Christopher J. Colyer, Susan M. Bellm, B. Lohmann, G. Friedrich Hanne, Ola A. Al-Hagan, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Triple differential cross sections for the electron-impact ionization of the outer valence orbital of tetrahydrofuran have been measured using the (e, 2e) technique. The measurements have been performed with coplanar asymmetric kinematics, at an incident electron energy of 250 eV and at an ejected electron energy of 10 eV, over a range of momentum transfers. The experimental results are compared with theoretical calculations carried out using the molecular three-body distorted wave model. The results obtained are important for gaining an understanding of electron driven processes at a molecular level and for modeling energy deposition in living tissue.


Electron-Impact Excitation To The 4p⁵5s And 4p⁵5p Levels Of Kr | Using Different Distorted-Wave And Close-Coupling Methods, Arati K. Dasgupta, Klaus Bartschat, D. Vaid, Alexei N. Grum-Grzhimailo, Don H. Madison, Milan Blaha, John L. Giuliani Nov 2001

Electron-Impact Excitation To The 4p⁵5s And 4p⁵5p Levels Of Kr | Using Different Distorted-Wave And Close-Coupling Methods, Arati K. Dasgupta, Klaus Bartschat, D. Vaid, Alexei N. Grum-Grzhimailo, Don H. Madison, Milan Blaha, John L. Giuliani

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Electron-impact excitation of the 4p55s and 4p55p levels of Kr I has been investigated in detail by calculating cross sections using distorted-wave and close-coupling approaches. The results are presented from the excitation thresholds up to 50 eV incident energy. They are contrasted among the different calculations and compared with other theoretical predictions and experimental data. Significant disagreement is found with many of the recent experimental data of Chilton et al. [Phys. Rev. A 62, 032714 (2000)].


Ionization Of Hydrogen Atoms By Fast Electrons, Sindu P. Jones, Don H. Madison Oct 2000

Ionization Of Hydrogen Atoms By Fast Electrons, Sindu P. Jones, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We study ionization of atomic hydrogen by fast electrons using asymptotically correct two-center wave functions to describe the scattering system both initially and finally. For the final state, we employ the well-known product wave function of Redmond, which treats all three two-body Coulomb interactions exactly, albeit independently. This "3C" wave function is the leading term of the exact scattering wave function, regardless of how slow the three particles are, if any two particles have large relative separation [Y.E. Kim and A.L. Zubarev, Phys. Rev. A 56, 521 (1997)]. Here we extend the analysis of Qiu et al. [Phys ...


Short-Pulse Laser-Induced Stabilization Of Autoionizing States, Heider N. Ereifej, J. Greg Story Sep 2000

Short-Pulse Laser-Induced Stabilization Of Autoionizing States, Heider N. Ereifej, J. Greg Story

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Atoms in doubly excited states above the first ionization limit can decay via autoionization in which an electron is emitted leaving an ion, or by photoemission which leaves the atom in a singly excited state. In this paper, it is demonstrated that interaction between the atoms and a laser pulse that is short compared to the autoionization lifetime can lead to large enhancement of the photoemission process by stimulating the atoms to emit a photon. Since the resultant singly excited atoms do not autoionize, this process can be viewed as an enhancement of the stabilization of the doubly excited atoms ...


Landau-Zener Treatment Of Intensity-Tuned Multiphoton Resonances Of Potassium, J. Greg Story, D. I. Duncan, Thomas F. Gallagher Aug 1994

Landau-Zener Treatment Of Intensity-Tuned Multiphoton Resonances Of Potassium, J. Greg Story, D. I. Duncan, Thomas F. Gallagher

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

When exposed to intense light of ~580 nm, the ground state of K shifts up in energy, passing through two photon resonances with Rydberg states, and finally crossing the two-photon ionization limit. We have used laser pulses of varying duration to study the nature of the population transfer from the ground state to the excited state due to the intensity-tuned resonances encountered during the rising edge of the pulse. A dynamic Floquet approach in which the resonances are treated as avoided crossings of the Floquet energy levels is used to model the population transfer and gives excellent agreement with the ...