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Improving Noise Immunity And Efficiency Using High-Precision Iterative Codes, Sherzod Shukhratovich Atadjanov, Aziza Ahmadjanovna Tursunova 2021 Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad al-Khwarizmi

Improving Noise Immunity And Efficiency Using High-Precision Iterative Codes, Sherzod Shukhratovich Atadjanov, Aziza Ahmadjanovna Tursunova

Bulletin of TUIT: Management and Communication Technologies

The article discusses the issues of ensuring noise immunity in digital broadcasting systems, shows the importance of the transition to the optimal code and the need to use it in the field of noiseless coding in various areas of telecommunication transmission and reception of digital signals. The previous algorithms and error-correcting coding methods based on the Gray code, which are used in multi-level digital broadcast modulation schemes to minimize the intensity of bit errors, are highlighted. A model of error-correcting coding by the Gray method and methods for estimating the probability of error for the Gray code are presented. Based ...


On Improving Robustness Of Hardware Security Primitives And Resistance To Reverse Engineering Attacks, Vinay C. Patil 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

On Improving Robustness Of Hardware Security Primitives And Resistance To Reverse Engineering Attacks, Vinay C. Patil

Doctoral Dissertations

The continued growth of information technology (IT) industry and proliferation of interconnected devices has aggravated the problem of ensuring security and necessitated the need for novel, robust solutions. Physically unclonable functions (PUFs) have emerged as promising secure hardware primitives that can utilize the disorder introduced during manufacturing process to generate unique keys. They can be utilized as \textit{lightweight} roots-of-trust for use in authentication and key generation systems. Unlike insecure non-volatile memory (NVM) based key storage systems, PUFs provide an advantage -- no party, including the manufacturer, should be able to replicate the physical disorder and thus, effectively clone the PUF ...


Improving Healthspan Through Patient-Derived Artificial Organs From Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells And Two-Photon Polymerization, Connor Espenshade 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Improving Healthspan Through Patient-Derived Artificial Organs From Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells And Two-Photon Polymerization, Connor Espenshade

Protocols and Reports

Senescence, from the shortening of telomeres, accumulation of mutations, epigenetic hypomethylation, and other causes, begins an eventual cycle of decline in every patient. Stem cells disappear as a function of age, which in turn impairs cellular replication. Moreover, when fully differentiated cells are induced back into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), they not only revert to a state of pre-differentiation, but also to a younger cellular age. Their aging clocks turn back: their telomeres become longer and DNA methylation reverts back to an earlier age. It should therefore be possible to use iPSCs to replace the missing stem cells from ...


Development Of A Point-Of-Use Testing Platform For Detecting Bacteria Infection In Raw Milk, Xin Xia 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development Of A Point-Of-Use Testing Platform For Detecting Bacteria Infection In Raw Milk, Xin Xia

Masters Theses

The detection and quantification of bacteria are essential to environment and food quality monitoring. Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a common pathogen, also a causative agent of mastitis. Traditional methods usually require samples to be tested in a laboratory. However, sending samples to remote lab increases the cost of time and money spent on delivery. Sometimes, samples can degrade during this long progress and cause inaccuracy. A low cost and reusable sensor is designed to perform on-site quantification. The sensor composed of two layers of asymmetrical mesh electrodes, which is used in coordination magnetic microparticles functionalized with bacterium-specific antibody. Immunological ...


Development Of A Wireless Telemetry Load And Displacement Sensor For Orthopaedic Applications, William Anderson 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Development Of A Wireless Telemetry Load And Displacement Sensor For Orthopaedic Applications, William Anderson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Due to sensor size and supporting circuitry, in vivo load and deformation measurements are currently restricted to applications within larger orthopaedic implants. The objective of this thesis is to repurpose a commercially available low-power, miniature, wireless, telemetric, tire-pressure sensor (FXTH87) to measure load and deformation for future use in biomechanical applications. The capacitive transducer membrane of the FXTH87 was modified, and a relationship was reported between applied compressive deformation and sensor signal value. The sensor package was embedded within a deformable enclosure to illustrate potential applications of the sensor for monitoring load. Finite element analysis was an effective tool to ...


Thermoelectric Transport In Disordered Organic And Inorganic Semiconductors, Meenakshi Upadhyaya 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Thermoelectric Transport In Disordered Organic And Inorganic Semiconductors, Meenakshi Upadhyaya

Doctoral Dissertations

The need for alternative energy sources has led to extensive research on optimizing the conversion efficiency of thermoelectric (TE) materials. TE efficiency is governed by figure-of-merit (ZT) and it has been an enormously challenging task to increase ZT > 1 despite decades of research due to the interdependence of material properties. Most doped inorganic semiconductors have a high electrical conductivity and moderate Seebeck coefficient, but ZT is still limited by their high lattice thermal conductivity. One approach to address this problem is to decrease thermal conductivity by means of alloying and nanostructuring, another is to consider materials with an inherently low ...


Electro-Thermal Transport In Two-Dimensional Materials And Their Heterostructures, Arnab K. Majee 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Electro-Thermal Transport In Two-Dimensional Materials And Their Heterostructures, Arnab K. Majee

Doctoral Dissertations

”Smaller is better” is the mantra that has driven semiconductor industry for the past 50 years. The on-going quest for faster electronic switching, higher transistor density, and better device performance, has been driven by a self-fulfilling prophecy popularly known as Moore’s law, according to which the number of transistors per unit area of a chip doubles itself approximately every two years. A modern smartphone has about 8 billion transistors, which is as large as current earth’s population. Although each transistor dissipates negligible power, but the collective power dissipation from all the transistors in an electronic gadget and inefficient ...


On-Chip Nanoscale Plasmonic Optical Modulators, Abdalrahman Mohamed Nader Abdelhamid 2021 American University in Cairo

On-Chip Nanoscale Plasmonic Optical Modulators, Abdalrahman Mohamed Nader Abdelhamid

Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis work, techniques for downsizing Optical modulators to nanoscale for the purpose of utilization in on chip communication and sensing applications are explored. Nanoscale optical interconnects can solve the electronics speed limiting transmission lines, in addition to decrease the electronic chips heat dissipation. A major obstacle in the path of achieving this goal is to build optical modulators, which transforms data from the electrical form to the optical form, in a size comparable to the size of the electronics components, while also having low insertion loss, high extinction ratio and bandwidth. Also, lap-on-chip applications used for fast diagnostics ...


The Effects Of The Transient And Performance Loss Rates On Pv Output Performance, CHIBUISI CHINASAOKWU OKORIEIMOH, Brian Norton, Michael Conlon 2021 Technological University Dublin

The Effects Of The Transient And Performance Loss Rates On Pv Output Performance, Chibuisi Chinasaokwu Okorieimoh, Brian Norton, Michael Conlon

Conference papers

Solar photovoltaic (PV) panels experience long-term performance degradation as compared to their initial performance, resulting in lower like-per-like efficiencies and performance ratios. Manufacturers of solar photovoltaic modules normally guarantee a lifespan of more than 20 years. To meet such commitments, it is important to monitor and mitigate PV module degradation during this period, as well as beyond, to recognize maintenance and repair needs. Solar PV modules degrade over time, becoming less effective, less reliable, and eventually unusable. The effects of transient and performance loss rates on the output performance of polycrystalline silicon (p-Si) solar PV modules are the focus of ...


Towards Enabling Unmanned Aerial Vehicles As A Service For Heterogeneous Applications, Farid Nait-Abdesselam, Ahmad Alsharoa, Mohamed Y. Selim, Daji Qiao, Ahmed E. Kamal 2021 University of Missouri-Kansas City

Towards Enabling Unmanned Aerial Vehicles As A Service For Heterogeneous Applications, Farid Nait-Abdesselam, Ahmad Alsharoa, Mohamed Y. Selim, Daji Qiao, Ahmed E. Kamal

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

The increasing use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in various commercial applications, such as precision agriculture and aerial remote sensing, is fast contributing to a significant growth in the UAV market. Also, it is crucial to provide continuous coverage after failures of wireless network components or additional bandwidth in high traffic situations. By introducing the concept of UAVs as a service (UaaS), we propose a novel framework, dubbed D3S, consisting of four phases: Demand, decision, deployment, and service. The main objective of this framework is to provide a realistic and streamlined approach to support the implementation of the ...


Fault Modeling And Test Vector Generation For Asic Devices Exposed To Space Single Event Environment, Ahmed Mohamed 2021 American University in Cairo

Fault Modeling And Test Vector Generation For Asic Devices Exposed To Space Single Event Environment, Ahmed Mohamed

Theses and Dissertations

This work aims at providing a concise automated flow to predict the effect of Single Event Transients (SETs) on ASIC chips by developing a method to characterize the circuit susceptibility to SET pulses propagation and then generation of the required input vectors that sensitize the victim paths. A new enhanced method for SET electrical propagation modeling is proposed and compared to a previously published analytical model. The method was applied on different standard cells libraries built over XFAB Xh018 technology and verified for accuracy against simulations. The new method showed enhancement in accuracy compared with previous work in literature. Industrial ...


Effect Of Developer Temperature On Photoresist Contrast In Grayscale Lithography, Dale Farnan, George Patrick Watson 2021 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Effect Of Developer Temperature On Photoresist Contrast In Grayscale Lithography, Dale Farnan, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

SPR 220-3 photoresist was spin-coated onto a silicon wafer, exposed using a Heidelberg DWL66+ laserwriter at different laser powers, and developed at different temperatures. The effect of developer temperature on photoresist contrast was examined. Results show that increasing developer temperature decreased photoresist contrast and increased required dose.


Transimpedance Amplification Of Optocoupler Output For High Temperature Applications, Kara Maurer 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Transimpedance Amplification Of Optocoupler Output For High Temperature Applications, Kara Maurer

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

When looking to the future of electronics, one characteristic is becoming more lucrative: high temperature capabilities. With the goals of not only becoming more efficient electronically, spatially, and cost-wise, adapting electronics for a high temperature environment can potentially be a route to all three of these goals. Not only does it take away the need for a cooling method, but it can also increase the longevity of a product which can make it even more cost effective. In an effort to contribute to the push for high temperature electronics, the University of Arkansas is developing a high temperature power module ...


Malicious Hardware & Its Effects On Industry, Gustavo Perez 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Malicious Hardware & Its Effects On Industry, Gustavo Perez

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years advancements have been made in computer hardware security to circumnavigate the threat of malicious hardware. Threats come in several forms during the development and overall life cycle of computer hardware and I aim to highlight those key points. I will illustrate the various ways in which attackers exploit flaws in a chip design, or how malicious parties take advantage of the many steps required to design and fabricate hardware. Due to these exploits, the industry and consumers have suffered damages in the form of financial loss, physical harm, breaches of personal data, and a multitude of other ...


Performance And Economics Of Solar Inverters And Module Level Power Electronics In A 1 Mw Photovoltaic System, Maxwell Criswell 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Performance And Economics Of Solar Inverters And Module Level Power Electronics In A 1 Mw Photovoltaic System, Maxwell Criswell

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Photovoltaic solar panels convert sunlight to electricity in the form of direct current; therefore, a necessary component of every photovoltaic system is an inverter to convert the electricity to usable alternating current. There are various commercially available inverter technologies manufactured today such as microinverters, string inverters, and central inverters, as well as module level power electronic devices such as DC optimizers that are capable of improving system performance in string and central inverter systems. This thesis compares the performance and economics of five different inverter and module level power electronic systems through model simulation using Helioscope software. The five alternatives ...


Design And Fabrication Of A Microstrip Bandpass Filter In Ltcc, Allison Rucker 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design And Fabrication Of A Microstrip Bandpass Filter In Ltcc, Allison Rucker

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The goal of the project was to design and fabricate a bandpass filter with a center frequency of 25GHz with a 2GHz bandwidth. The first step was to do the calculation to design a bandpass filter to meet these specifications along with the properties of the DupontTM GreenTapeTM 9K7. HFSS was then used to verify the results from the initial calculations. There was a significant error between the two results, so more tweaking was done to the calculations to get a better center frequency. After a final design was decided, the fabrication process started. Low-Temperature Co-Fired Ceramics (LLTC ...


Effect Of Silicon Carbide On Electric Drivetrains Of Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Haley Solera 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effect Of Silicon Carbide On Electric Drivetrains Of Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Haley Solera

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The application of electro-mechanical motors in rigorous, high-temperature systems is constantly adapting to suit the growing needs of developers in the automotive, construction, and aerospace industries. With improved efficiency, torque, and environmental impact over conventional internal combustion engines, electric drive trains pose more than ample incentive for manufacturers to invest considerable resources toward the design of newer, better methods of electric propulsion. This paper discusses the motives behind the electrification of heavy-duty vehicles, the state-of-the-art technology currently available on the market, and the novel application of silicon carbide to electric drive trains as a means of increasing their heat tolerance ...


Optoelectronic Valley-Spin Qubits With Ambipolar Quantum Dots, Jeremy Tull 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Optoelectronic Valley-Spin Qubits With Ambipolar Quantum Dots, Jeremy Tull

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The current limitations of qubit-based processors are caused by imperfections in quantum gates, leading to a lack of gate fidelity. Gate fidelity can be refined by extending the coherence of qubits and reducing logic operation speed. A potential solution is to develop a hybrid qubit that has the coherence of electrically-controlled quantum dots and the gate speed of their optically-controlled counterparts. Quantum bits that utilize ultrafast optical gating to perform gate operations require precise control of the gating pulse duration. Optical dispersion can cause adverse effects pulse duration, such as pulse broadening, so dispersion-compensation techniques must be employed; by properly ...


Si-Based Germanium Tin Photodetectors For Infrared Imaging And High-Speed Detection, Huong Tran 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Si-Based Germanium Tin Photodetectors For Infrared Imaging And High-Speed Detection, Huong Tran

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Infrared (IR) radiation spans the wavelengths of the windows: (1) near-IR region ranging from 0.8 to 1.0 μm, (2) shortwave IR (SWIR) ranging from 1.0 to 3.0 μm, (3) mid-wave IR (MWIR) region covering from 3.0 to 5.0 μm, (4) longwave IR (LWIR) spanning from 8.0 to 12.0 μm, and (5) very longwave IR extending beyond 12.0 μm. The MWIR and LWIR regions are important for night vision in the military, and since the atmosphere does not absorb at these wavelengths, they are also used for free-space communications and astronomy. Automotive ...


Analysis Of Photodetector Based On Zinc Oxide And Cesium Lead Bromide Heterostructure With Interdigital Metallization, Tanveer Ahmed Siddique 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Analysis Of Photodetector Based On Zinc Oxide And Cesium Lead Bromide Heterostructure With Interdigital Metallization, Tanveer Ahmed Siddique

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis, photodetector based on the zinc oxide and cesium lead bromide hetero structure were fabricated and characterized. Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were synthesized using solution processing and cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3) thin film was synthesized using two step deposition method. Three phonon modes were obtained by the Raman spectroscopy of ZnO nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction spectra of ZnO exhibits five exciton peaks which denotes that the synthesized ZnO structure was of good crystallinity with wurtzite hexagonal phase. The absorbance spectrum of ZnO shows the bandgap (Eg) in the order of 3.5 eV that aligns with reported results. The ...


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