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Design Of Submicron Structured Guided-Mode-Resonance Near-Infrared Polarizer, Marzia Zaman 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design Of Submicron Structured Guided-Mode-Resonance Near-Infrared Polarizer, Marzia Zaman

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this research is to design a larger submicron linear polarizer in the near-infrared wavelength range with a wide bandwidth which can be fabricated using the conventional thin-film microfabrication technology to reduce cost. For this purpose, a gold (Au) wire-grid transmission-type transverse-magnetic (TM) polarizer and a silicon (Si) wire-grid reflection-type TM polarizer, were designed using the guided-mode-resonance filter. The Au wire-grid TM polarizer of 700nm grating width and 1200nm grating period has 95% transmittance at 2400nm, more than 1000nm resonance peak bandwidth, and an extinction ratio (ER) of around 300 with a moderated level of sidebands. The 700nm ...


Ohmic Contact Metallization For Silicon Carbide In Future Transportation And Aviation Systems, Tanner W. Rice 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Ohmic Contact Metallization For Silicon Carbide In Future Transportation And Aviation Systems, Tanner W. Rice

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper analyzes metallization stacks in both n-type and p-type used in Silicon Carbide to create Ohmic Contacts. Silicon Carbide has shown its significance in usage as a semiconductor in high temperatures, and other extreme environments compared to its silicon counterpart. Additionally, silicon carbide exhibits many other favorable attributes such as strong radiation hardness, high power capability, and high-temperature tolerance. These attributes translate into great components for use in aviation and other future transportations by increasing reliability in a sector that already requires high reliability. Applications of this material could prove useful in fields such as aviation, among others. This ...


Reducing Emi In Sic Direct Torque Controlled Motor Drive, Michael Sykes 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Reducing Emi In Sic Direct Torque Controlled Motor Drive, Michael Sykes

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper covers the comparison between Silicon (Si) vs Silicon Carbide (SiC) for Motor Drive systems and a possible control algorithm to limit the increased Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) caused by using SiC transistors for the inverter. Motor Drive systems need constant improvements if the world is going to move on from machines that emit CO2 and other harmful gases into the Earth’s atmosphere. One reason these electric machines are not commonplace today is because of their efficiency and other problems they may cause. Silicon transistors are the most commonplace transistor around the world today, but advances over the ...


Characterization Of Reactive Ion Etch Chemistries Using Direct Write Lithography, Dylan T. Martin-Abood 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

Characterization Of Reactive Ion Etch Chemistries Using Direct Write Lithography, Dylan T. Martin-Abood

Theses and Dissertations

The DoD requires a variety of COTS and number of custom microelectronics to provide important functionality to critical military systems. Photolithography and DRIE are two techniques commonly used in the development of deep anisotropic features for the fabrication and modification of microelectronics and MEMS. However, standard photolithography techniques are ineffective for unique substrate geometries and DRIE processes require a chemical passivation step only applicable to Si substrates. This work confirmed the capability of RIE using DWL to perform deep, highly selective, anisotropic etching on elevated, non-circular substrates.


Molecular Design Of Organic Semiconductors For Interfacial And Emissive Material Applications, Marcus David Cole 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Molecular Design Of Organic Semiconductors For Interfacial And Emissive Material Applications, Marcus David Cole

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation describes the synthesis and characterization of functional optoelectronically active materials. Synthetic techniques were used to prepare polymers containing perylene diimide (PDI) or tetraphenylethylene (TPE) moieties in the polymer backbone. PDI-based structures were prepared with embedded cationic or zwitterionic moieties intended to tailor organic/inorganic interfaces in thin film photovoltaic devices. The aggregation-induced emission (AIE)-active TPE polymers were synthesized to study how AIE properties evolve in π-conjugated polymers. The syntheses discussed here focused on modulation of molecular architecture to give rise to materials with tailored optoelectronic properties.

Chapter 1 provides a brief overview of the field of organic ...


Design Of Monophasic Pulsed Magnetic Fields For Use In Low Bias Fields, Neelam Prabhu-Gaunkar, Wei S. Theh, R.J. Weber, Mani Mina 2020 Iowa State University

Design Of Monophasic Pulsed Magnetic Fields For Use In Low Bias Fields, Neelam Prabhu-Gaunkar, Wei S. Theh, R.J. Weber, Mani Mina

Industrial Design Publications

In this work, the design of a pulsed magnetic field generator, with user-selective pulsed modulation frequency is described. The ability to operate at various frequencies (single-frequency below 10 MHz) makes the system valuable to several areas such as medical treatments and pulsed switching systems. In this work, the pulsed magnetic field generator is designed to create localized field effects in portable magnetic resonance systems. Users may operate at a Larmor precession frequency between 100 kHz - 10 MHz and can achieve high currents through the load. Certain tunability can also be obtained by varying the load inductance or switching device conditions ...


Noble-Transition Alloy Absorbers For Near-Infrared Hot-Carrier Optoelectronics, Sara Karoline Figueiredo Stofela 2020 Louisiana State University

Noble-Transition Alloy Absorbers For Near-Infrared Hot-Carrier Optoelectronics, Sara Karoline Figueiredo Stofela

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Optoelectronics is the field of technology concerned with the study and application of electronic devices that source, detect and control light. Here we focus on the optical communications field which relies on optical fiber systems to carry signals to their destinations operating in the near-infrared range. To improve the performance of current optical fiber systems, one of the paths is to develop better near-infrared photodetectors.

The current group of materials used for near-infrared photodetection relies in the III-V semiconductor family. Although their spectral photosensitivity correlates well with the near-infrared, response time performance and electronic circuit integration remain limited for this ...


Design, Fabrication, Characterization And Modeling Of Cmos-Compatible Ptse2 Mosfets, Kuanchen Xiong 2020 Lehigh University

Design, Fabrication, Characterization And Modeling Of Cmos-Compatible Ptse2 Mosfets, Kuanchen Xiong

Theses and Dissertations

For the last 50 years, Si metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) have undergone tremendous development under the Moore’s law. However, it has become more and more difficult to continue the scaling due to the limitation of Si quantum confinement when the gate length is less than 5 nm.

Two-dimensional (2D) atomic-layered materials may replace Si in future-generation ultra-thin-body, low-power, and high-performance MOSFETs. However, for any 2D material to replace Si, it must not only have high mobility and sizable bandgap, but also be manufacturable. Graphene has high mobility but no bandgap. MoS2 has sizable bandgap but low mobility. Black phosphorus ...


Investigation Of Host Nanotube Parameters For Enhancing The Performance Of Nanostructured Cds-Cdte Solar Cells, Deepak Kumar 2020 University of Kentucky

Investigation Of Host Nanotube Parameters For Enhancing The Performance Of Nanostructured Cds-Cdte Solar Cells, Deepak Kumar

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

Numerical simulations are performed to investigate the effects of host nanotube parameters (pore diameter and pitch for different CdS coverages) and CdTe doping density on device performance in nanowire CdS/ CdTe solar cells using SCAPS-1D. This research finds the optimum values for these parameters in order to achieve the highest efficiency. Experimentally the effect of anodization voltage and fluoride ion concentration on the pore diameter and the pitch are studied for the Titania nanotubes host. It is observed that in the range of 0.3 mL to 2 mL of ammonium fluoride content, pore diameter and the pitch of the ...


Fabrication, Characterization And Applications Of Highly Conductive Wet-Spun Pedot:Pss Fibers, Ruben Sarabia Riquelme 2020 University of Kentucky

Fabrication, Characterization And Applications Of Highly Conductive Wet-Spun Pedot:Pss Fibers, Ruben Sarabia Riquelme

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Smart electronic textiles cross conventional uses to include functionalities such as light emission, health monitoring, climate control, sensing, storage and conversion of energy, etc. New fibers and yarns that are electrically conductive and mechanically robust are needed as fundamental building blocks for these next generation textiles.

Conjugated polymers are promising candidates in the field of electronic textiles because they are made of earth-abundant, inexpensive elements, have good mechanical properties and flexibility, and can be processed using low-cost large-scale solution processing methods. Currently, the main method to fabricate electrically conductive fibers or yarns from conjugated polymers is the deposition of the ...


Reducing The Production Cost Of Semiconductor Chips Using (Parallel And Concurrent) Testing And Real-Time Monitoring, Qutaiba Khasawneh 2019 Southern Methodist University

Reducing The Production Cost Of Semiconductor Chips Using (Parallel And Concurrent) Testing And Real-Time Monitoring, Qutaiba Khasawneh

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

Consumer electronics changed the semiconductor industry by developing many new challenges for consumer products. One of the main challenges in the consumer product is that it propelled the volume of production to massive production, e.g. hundreds of millions of cell phones are produced yearly. Combined with the overproduction of consumer products, price pressure is another challenge for consumer products. Many of the new techniques used in the design and fabrication enabled the integration of more devices in the same chips. This reduced the cost of the chips, lowered the power consumption, increased the circuit operation speed, enabled more reliable ...


Cdse Quantum Dots Synthesis Laboratory Course For High School Students, Danlin Zuo, Gyuseok Kim, David Jones 2019 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Cdse Quantum Dots Synthesis Laboratory Course For High School Students, Danlin Zuo, Gyuseok Kim, David Jones

Protocols and Reports

Cadmium selenide quantum dot is a fascinating subject for leading high school students to the quantum world. An 8-hour laboratory course for up to 12 high school students is proposed. The 8-hour course consist of two 4-hours sections. This laboratory course includes the quantum dot syntheses, absorption and emission characterization, and data analysis. The proposes process runs at relatively lower temperature which means safe and easy, and shows apparent experimental results.


Design And Optimization Of A High Power Density Silicon Carbide Traction Inverter, Tyler Adamson 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design And Optimization Of A High Power Density Silicon Carbide Traction Inverter, Tyler Adamson

Theses and Dissertations

This project was initiated with the goal of demonstrating a 3-phase silicon carbide based 150-kW 25 kW/L DC-AC power conversion unit capable of operation with coolant temperatures up to 90°C. The project goals were met and exceeded by first analyzing the established inverter topologies to find which one would yield the highest power density while still meeting electrical performance needs in the 150-kW range. Following topology selection, the smallest silicon carbide power module that met the electrical requirements of the system was found through experimental testing and simulation. After a power module selection was finalized, a DC link ...


Interfacial Contact With Noble Metal - Noble Metal And Noble Metal - 2d Semiconductor Nanostructures Enhance Optical Activity, Ricardo Raphael Lopez Romo 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Interfacial Contact With Noble Metal - Noble Metal And Noble Metal - 2d Semiconductor Nanostructures Enhance Optical Activity, Ricardo Raphael Lopez Romo

Theses and Dissertations

Noble metal nanoparticles and two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) crystals offer unique optical and electronic properties that include strong exciton binding, spin-orbital coupling, and localized surface plasmon resonance. Controlling these properties at high spatiotemporal resolution can support emerging optoelectronic coupling and enhanced optical features. Excitation dynamics of these optical properties on physicochemically bonded mono- and few-layer TMD crystals with metal nanocrystals and two overlapping spherical metal nanocrystals were examined by concurrently (i) DDA simulations and (ii) far-field optical transmission UV-vis spectroscopic measurements. Initially, a novel and scalable method to unsettle van der Waals bonds in bulk TMDs to prepare ...


High Frequency Ltcc Based Planar Transformer, Adithya Venkatanarayanan 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

High Frequency Ltcc Based Planar Transformer, Adithya Venkatanarayanan

Theses and Dissertations

As we move towards high power and higher frequency related technology, conventional wire-wound magnetics have their own limitations which has led path to the development of planar based magnetic materials. Nowadays more planar magnetic technology has been employed because it is easier to fabricate them. The planar magnetic is a transformer or an inductor that replaces the wire-wound transformer or inductors which generally uses copper wires. One of the main reasons why we move to planar magnetic technology is its operation at higher frequency which provides higher power density. This study explains in detail about the design and fabrication of ...


Optical Angular Scatterometry: In-Line Approach For Roll-2-Roll And Nano-Imprint Fabrication Systems, Juan Jose Faria-Briceno 2019 University of New Mexico

Optical Angular Scatterometry: In-Line Approach For Roll-2-Roll And Nano-Imprint Fabrication Systems, Juan Jose Faria-Briceno

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

As critical dimensions continue to shrink and structures become more complex, metrology processes are challenging to implement during in-line nanomanufacturing. Non-destructive, non-contact, and high-speed conditions are required to achieve proper metrology processes during in-line manufacturing. Optical scatterometry is a nanoscale metrology tool widely used in integrated circuit manufacturing for characterization and quality control. However, most applications of optical scatterometry operate off-line. A high-speed, in-line, non-contact, non-destructive scatterometry angular system has been demonstrated in this work to scan pattern surfaces during real-time nano-fabrication.

Our system has demonstrated scanning capabilities using flat, 1D and 2D complex structures. The flat surface samples consist ...


Effect Of Annealing On The Contact Resistance Of Aluminum On A P-Type Substrate, Shrey Shah, George Patrick Watson 2019 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Effect Of Annealing On The Contact Resistance Of Aluminum On A P-Type Substrate, Shrey Shah, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

Aluminum contacts are widely used to form both ohmic and rectifying contacts. The process to form these contacts involves annealing, thus it is important to study the effect of annealing on the electrical properties of the contacts. Here, we present a way to measure the contact resistance of aluminum contacts formed on a p-type silicon substrate. It was found the contact resistivity decreased by an average of 18%. It was thus found that annealing at 400°C in a forming gas environment improves the electrical properties of aluminum contacts.


Integrated Chirped-Grating Spectrometer-On-A-Chip, Shima Nezhadbadeh 2019 University of New Mexico

Integrated Chirped-Grating Spectrometer-On-A-Chip, Shima Nezhadbadeh

Optical Science and Engineering ETDs

In this dissertation we demonstrate a new structure based on waveguide coupling atop a silicon wafer using a chirped grating to provide the dispersion that leads to a high-resolution, compact, fully integrable and CMOS-compatible spectrometer. Light is both analyzed and detected in a single, completely monolithic component which enables realizing a high-resolution portable spectrometer with an extremely compact footprint. The structure is comprised of a SiO2/Si3N4/SiO2 waveguide on top of a silicon wafer. Grating regions are fabricated on the top cladding of the waveguide. The input light is incident on a chirped grating ...


Influence Of Flow Rate, Nozzle Speed, Pitch And The Number Of Passes On The Thickness Of S1805 Photoresist In Suss Microtec As8 Spray Coater, Rohan Sanghvi, Gyuseok Kim 2019 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Influence Of Flow Rate, Nozzle Speed, Pitch And The Number Of Passes On The Thickness Of S1805 Photoresist In Suss Microtec As8 Spray Coater, Rohan Sanghvi, Gyuseok Kim

Tool Data

S1805 positive photoresist has been deposited on single crystalline Si wafers using a Suss MicroTec Alta Spray. The influence of flow rate, nozzle speed, pitch and number of passes on the thickness of the photoresist was studied. Results show that the thickness of S1805 is linearly proportional to the flow rate and number of passes, and inversely proportional to the nozzle speed and pitch.


Correction Of Pattern Size Deviations In The Fabrication Of Photomasks Made With A Laser Direct-Writer, Ningzhi Xie, George Patrick Watson 2019 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Correction Of Pattern Size Deviations In The Fabrication Of Photomasks Made With A Laser Direct-Writer, Ningzhi Xie, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

When using Heidelberg DWL66+ laser writer to fabricate the photomask, the pattern feature dimensions may have deviations. These deviations can be caused by the lithography process and the undercut in the metal etch process. The same deviation value of 0.8µm was found to appear in all the patterns independent of the pattern original size and local pattern density. To overcome this universal deviation, a universal bias is suggested to be applied to the original patterns during the data preparation for the lithography process. In order to ensure this pre-exposure bias method can work, both the laser direct-write exposure conditions ...


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