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Lesker Pvd75 E-Beam/Thermal Evaporator (Pvd-02) Standard Operating Procedure, David S. Barth, Jason A. Röhr 2023 University of Pennsylvania

Lesker Pvd75 E-Beam/Thermal Evaporator (Pvd-02) Standard Operating Procedure, David S. Barth, Jason A. Röhr

Standard Operating Procedures

Standard Operating Procedure for the Lesker PVD75 E-beam/Thermal Evaporator (PVD-02) located at the Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility within the Singh Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Pennsylvania


Raman Scattering Measurements And Analyses Of Gan Thin Films Grown On Zno Substrates By Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition, Zane McDaniel, Zhe Chuan Feng, Kevin Stokes 2022 Kennesaw State University

Raman Scattering Measurements And Analyses Of Gan Thin Films Grown On Zno Substrates By Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition, Zane Mcdaniel, Zhe Chuan Feng, Kevin Stokes

Symposium of Student Scholars

Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) is a popularly used method of growing thin films of GaN on ZnO (GZ) substrates, which pair well due to their structural and characteristic similarities. In this research, optical characterization of the surface quality of GZ sample films is measured by analyzing Raman scattering (RS) using a Renishaw inVia spectrometer fitted with a 532nm laser. Samples were grown in an improved double injection block rotating disc reactor. Multiple samples' spectra show broad peaks that correspond with the E2 (high) and A1 (LO) branches of GaN, and nicely fitted curves are observed for the characteristic E2 …


Redefining Research In Nanotechnology Simulations: A New Approach To Data Caching And Analysis, Darin Tsai, Alan Zhang, Aloysius Rebeiro 2022 Purdue University

Redefining Research In Nanotechnology Simulations: A New Approach To Data Caching And Analysis, Darin Tsai, Alan Zhang, Aloysius Rebeiro

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Design Of An Efficient Memristor-Based Dynamic Exclusive-Or Gate., Annu Chauhan, Dishika Chopra, Lirisha Tayal, Utsav Singal, Kirti Gupta, Monica Gupta 2022 Electronics andCommunication Engineering BharatiVidyapeeth’sCollegeof Engineering NewDelhi,India

Design Of An Efficient Memristor-Based Dynamic Exclusive-Or Gate., Annu Chauhan, Dishika Chopra, Lirisha Tayal, Utsav Singal, Kirti Gupta, Monica Gupta

International Journal of Computer and Communication Technology

In this paper, an efficient memristor-based dynamic logic design for an Exclusive-OR gate is proposed. The proposed realization reduces the number of cascaded stages and component count thereby providing an overall performance improvement. The performance of the proposed design is compared with the most recent existing design through LTspice software simulations at 32 nm technology node in terms of total power consumption, average propagation delay, and number of components used in the implementation. The outcomes depict that the proposed design consumes 57 % reduced power and provides faster operation with 5.09 % improvement in propagation delay in comparison to its …


Inculcating Research Culture With An Outcome-Oriented Technical Project Evaluation Framework, Pritish Vibhute, Sumeet Gupta, Muzffarali Sayyad, Snehal Gondkar 2022 Sanjivani College of Engineering, Kopargaon.

Inculcating Research Culture With An Outcome-Oriented Technical Project Evaluation Framework, Pritish Vibhute, Sumeet Gupta, Muzffarali Sayyad, Snehal Gondkar

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The Outcome of the Teaching-Learning Process of any specific subject or course is measured using a standard statistical method, the majority of which relies on the marks obtained by each learner, according to procedures and guidelines defined by numerous national-international consortiums, boards, or councils for Outcome-Based Education (OBE). Rarely has it been linked to documentary evidence demonstrating the attainment of competency expected to emerge following successful completion of the course. At the same time, a significant number of technical institutes across India are in desperate need of good research, which leads to massive publications, IPR, startups, and cash. For the …


Importance Of Students’ Feedback For Modifying Course Syllabus And Revising Curriculum Of Ug Electronics And Telecommunication Engineering Programme, Prachi Mukherji, Vidya Sisale 2022 MKSSS’s Cummins College of Engineering for Women, Karvenagar, Pune

Importance Of Students’ Feedback For Modifying Course Syllabus And Revising Curriculum Of Ug Electronics And Telecommunication Engineering Programme, Prachi Mukherji, Vidya Sisale

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The goal of education is to create an environment that assists teaching and learning. Modification of courses, and Course Outcomes is necessary to cater to the changing needs of students and enhance their learning experience. Under academic, freedom to change the curriculum in resonance with industry needs and current trends makes the student more skilled, knowledgeable, and employable. Feedback is a traditional way of making improvements in the educational field. This paper gives direction on the use of Students’ feedback for revising the curriculum and modifying the Course Outcomes for the Undergraduate program in Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering. We have …


Potassium And Sodium Sensing Isfet Device And Array, Liam Stephen Hayes 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Potassium And Sodium Sensing Isfet Device And Array, Liam Stephen Hayes

Electrical Engineering

The use of Ion-Sensitive Field Effect Transistors (ISFETs) as a means of testing a person’s potassium concentration in real-time has broad applications in the consumer space. An avid runner could use such a device to keep track of their hydration and salt levels. A hospital could use it for patients who require around-the-clock remote monitoring, and a variation of ISFETs are currently being used as continuous glucose monitors for diabetes patients. While ISFETs are not a new development in the field of microelectronics, their use as wearable devices has recently become relevant. The goal of this project is primarily to …


Electrical Characterization Of Solar Cell Using Arduino And Polarization Film, Mark Lancaster, Ahana Jhamb, Xilai Song, Marissa Youderian, Gabriel Unger, Gyuseok L. Kim 2022 University of Pennsylvania

Electrical Characterization Of Solar Cell Using Arduino And Polarization Film, Mark Lancaster, Ahana Jhamb, Xilai Song, Marissa Youderian, Gabriel Unger, Gyuseok L. Kim

Educational Materials

A solar cell laboratory course for high school and college undergraduate students is proposed. The electrical characterization of the solar cell is performed to confirm the functionality of the device as both a diode and a power source. The efficiency of the solar cell in the illuminated condition is found to be 13.1 %. We find the efficiency of the solar cell slightly decreases as the intensity of light decreases. However, there is no significant difference in efficiency except for in the opaque condition. A calibrated solar cell, multimeter, current sensor, Arduino, coding and polarization are used to perform the …


The Development Of A Motion Sensing Device For Use In A Home Setting, Jaspreet K. Kalsi 2022 The University of Western Ontario

The Development Of A Motion Sensing Device For Use In A Home Setting, Jaspreet K. Kalsi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disease, with over 10 million individuals diagnosed with PD world-wide. The most common symptom characterized by PD is tremor. Tremor is an involuntary oscillatory motion that most prominently occurs in upper limb, specifically in the hand and wrist that has a measurable frequency and amplitude. This thesis aims to evaluate the usability and functionality of a tremor sensing device designed to collect quantitative data on individuals with PD. The designed device uses 23 commercially-available inertial measuring units (IMUs) located between 21 joints: distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints, proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints, Interphalangeal …


A Statistical Method To Optimize The Chemical Etching Process Of Zinc Oxide Thin Films, David D. Lynes, Hengky Chandrahalim, Justin M. Brown, Karanvir Singh, Kyle T. Bodily, Kevin D. Leedy 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

A Statistical Method To Optimize The Chemical Etching Process Of Zinc Oxide Thin Films, David D. Lynes, Hengky Chandrahalim, Justin M. Brown, Karanvir Singh, Kyle T. Bodily, Kevin D. Leedy

Faculty Publications

Zinc oxide (ZnO) is an attractive material for microscale and nanoscale devices. Its desirable semiconductor, piezoelectric and optical properties make it useful in applications ranging from microphones to missile warning systems to biometric sensors. This work introduces a demonstration of blending statistics and chemical etching of thin films to identify the dominant factors and interaction between factors, and develop statistically enhanced models on etch rate and selectivity of c-axis-oriented nanocrystalline ZnO thin films. Over other mineral acids, ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) solutions have commonly been used to wet etch microscale ZnO devices because of their controllable etch rate and …


Raman Thermometry Of Graphene Based Thermal Materials, Pengcheng Xu 2022 Southern Methodist University

Raman Thermometry Of Graphene Based Thermal Materials, Pengcheng Xu

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

With the growing demand for high performance computing, we are pushing for higher performance integrated circuits at an ever faster rate. Recent advances in semiconductor production technology sees transistors with a 5 nm process devices being produced for consumer use. This enabled engineers to pack tens of billions of transistors in a package no larger than a fingernail. However, that brings up a problem that we have been long battling against. How can we get rid of the heat produced by these billions of transistors. The current electronic performance is bottle-necked by the ability of the package taking heat away …


Sub-Bandgap Photon-Assisted Electron Trapping And Detrapping In Algan/Gan Heterostructure Field-Effect Transistors, Andrew Gunn 2022 Clemson University

Sub-Bandgap Photon-Assisted Electron Trapping And Detrapping In Algan/Gan Heterostructure Field-Effect Transistors, Andrew Gunn

All Theses

We have investigated photon-assisted trapping and detrapping of electrons injected from the gate under negative bias in a heterostructure field-effect transistor (HFET). The electron injection rate from the gate was found to be dramatically affected by sub-bandgap laser illumination. The trapped electrons reduced the two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) density at the AlGaN/GaN heterointerface but could also be emitted from their trap states by sub-bandgap photons, leading to a recovery of 2DEG density. The trapping and detrapping dynamics were found to be strongly dependent on the wavelength and focal position of the laser, as well as the gate bias stress time …


Study Of Thin Gan/Ingan/Gan Double Graded Structures For Future Photovoltaic Application, Mirsaeid Sarollahi 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Study Of Thin Gan/Ingan/Gan Double Graded Structures For Future Photovoltaic Application, Mirsaeid Sarollahi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Indium gallium nitride (In_x Ga_(1-x) N) materials have displayed great potential for photovoltaic and optoelectronic devices due to their optical and electrical properties. Properties such as direct bandgap, strong bandgap absorption, thermal stability and high radiation resistance qualify them as great materials for photovoltaic devices. The tunable bandgap which absorbs the whole solar spectrum is the most significant feature which became attractive for scientists. The bandgap for these materials varies from 0.7 eV for InN to 3.4 eV for GaN covering from infrared to ultraviolet. In_x Ga_(1-x) N wurtzite crystal is grown on GaN buffer layer by Molecular Beam Epitaxy …


Etching Process Development For Sic Cmos, Weston Reed Renfrow 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Etching Process Development For Sic Cmos, Weston Reed Renfrow

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Silicon Carbide (SiC) is an exciting material that is growing in popularity for having qualities that make it a helpful semiconductor in extreme environments where silicon devices fail. The development of a SiC CMOS is in its infancy. There are many improvements that need to be made to develop this technology further. Photolithography is the most significant bottleneck in the etching process; it was studied and improved upon. Etching SiC can be a challenge with its reinforced crystal structure. Chlorine-based inductively coupled plasma (ICP) etching of intrinsic SiC and doped SiC, SiO2, and Silicon has been studied. A baseline chlorine …


A Bulk Driven Transimpedance Cmos Amplifier For Sipm Based Detection, Shahram Hatefi Hesari 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Bulk Driven Transimpedance Cmos Amplifier For Sipm Based Detection, Shahram Hatefi Hesari

Masters Theses

The contribution of this work lies in the development of a bulk driven operational
transconducctance amplifier which can be integrated with other analog circuits and
photodetectors in the same chip for compactness, miniaturization and reducing the
power. Silicon photomultipliers, also known as SiPMs, when coupled with scintillator materials are used in many imaging applications including nuclear detection. This thesis discuss the design of a bulk-driven transimpedance amplifier suitable for detectors where the front end is a SiPM. The amplifier was design and fabricated in a standard standard CMOS process and is suitable for integration with CMOS based SiPMs and commercially …


Load Modeling And Evaluation Of Leds For Hardware Test Bed Application, Jillian M. Ruff 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Load Modeling And Evaluation Of Leds For Hardware Test Bed Application, Jillian M. Ruff

Masters Theses

The lighting industry was revolutionized with the emergence of LED lighting. Over the last 15 years, LED lighting device sales and utilization have grown immensely. The growth and popularity of LEDs is due to improved operation of the device when compared to previous lighting technologies. Efficient performance of the device is critical due to the growth of global energy consumption.

As nonrenewable generation fuel is finite, utilities have begun the transition to renewable energy generation. Generation and distribution systems become inherently complex to comprehend and maintain with incorporation of emerging supply and load technologies. With the unprecedented growth of LED …


Development Of Medium Power High Efficiency Multi-Level Buck-Boost Dc-Dc Converter, Yogesh Singh, sunny sharma, Sandeep Tuli 2022 School of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra 182320, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Development Of Medium Power High Efficiency Multi-Level Buck-Boost Dc-Dc Converter, Yogesh Singh, Sunny Sharma, Sandeep Tuli

International Journal of Electronics Signals and Systems

Power DC/DC converters or regulators form the backbone of different portable electronic devices like cellular phones, laptops, portable electronic devices which are using batteries as their power supply. Portable devices usually comprise of several sub-circuits that should be supplied with different voltage levels, which are not the same as battery’s voltage level which is the main supply voltage. A new approach of buck-boost converter is presented in this paper, that automatically detects the zero-inductor current & compels the convertor to deliberately switch from Continuous Conduction Mode (CCM) to Discontinuous Conduction Mode (DCM), once the inductor current attempts towards negative values, …


Characterization Of Electrophoretic Deposited Zinc Oxide Nanopartices For The Fabrication Of Next-Generation Nanoscale Electronic Applications, Fawwaz Abduh A. Hazzazi 2022 Louisiana State University

Characterization Of Electrophoretic Deposited Zinc Oxide Nanopartices For The Fabrication Of Next-Generation Nanoscale Electronic Applications, Fawwaz Abduh A. Hazzazi

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Several reports state that it is crucial to analyze nanoscale semiconductor materials and devices with potential benefits to meet the need for next-generation nanoelectronics, bio, and nanosensors. The progress in the electronics field is as significant now, with modern technology constantly evolving and a greater focus on more efficient robust optoelectronic applications. This dissertation focuses on the study and examination of the practicality of Electrophoretic Deposition (EPD) of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) for use in semiconductor applications.

The feasibility of several synthesized electrolytes, with and without surfactants and APTES surface functionalization, is discussed. The primary objective of this study …


Machine Learning Applications To Static Timing Analysis, Waseem Mohamed Raslan 2022 American University in Cairo

Machine Learning Applications To Static Timing Analysis, Waseem Mohamed Raslan

Theses and Dissertations

Modeling complex cell behavior is critical for accurate static timing analysis. Effective current source model, ECSM, and composite current source, CCS, waveform data compression became a necessity to reduce the size of technology files and increase the accuracy of the cell characterization data. We used deep learning nonlinear Autoencoders to compress voltage and current waveforms and compared them with singular value decomposition, SVD, approach. Autoencoders gave ~1.67x compression ratio for voltage waveforms better than SVD approach and gave 45x to 55x better compression ratio compared to other lossless techniques like bz2 and gzip. Autoencoders achieved ~1.7x compression ratio for complex …


Multifamily Complex Smart Locks For Property Management And Tenant Security, April Mills, Allen Chen, Dana Kumamoto, Michael Cook 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Multifamily Complex Smart Locks For Property Management And Tenant Security, April Mills, Allen Chen, Dana Kumamoto, Michael Cook

Mechanical Engineering

Maintaining and managing hundreds of locks and physical keys for an apartment complex can be time consuming and costly, especially when the apartments turn over to new tenants. Our goal was to develop a smart door lock that is compatible with Obodo’s management app for apartment complexes to make accessing apartments secure and simpler for tenants and easier to manage for owners.

We designed and manufactured one smart door lock that is powered with four AA batteries and utilizes a dynamic NFC device and Bluetooth technology. The board can enter a sleep mode which reduces power consumption. The dynamic NFC …


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