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Virtual-Source Based Accurate Model For Predicting Noise Behavior At High Frequencies In Nanoscale Pmos Soi Transistors, Vaibhav R. Ramachandran, Saeed Mohammadi, Sutton Hathorn 2017 Purdue University

Virtual-Source Based Accurate Model For Predicting Noise Behavior At High Frequencies In Nanoscale Pmos Soi Transistors, Vaibhav R. Ramachandran, Saeed Mohammadi, Sutton Hathorn

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technology at the nanometre scale is an excellent platform to implement monolithically integratedsystems because of the low cost of manufacturing and ease of integration. Newly developed CMOS Silicon on Insulator (SOI) transistors that are currentlydeveloped are suitable for use in radio frequency circuits. They find applications in many areas such as 5G telecommunication systems, high speed Wi-Fi andairport body-scanners. Unfortunately, the models for CMOS SOI transistors that are currently used in these circuits are inaccurate because of their complexity.The models currently used require the optimization of more than 200 variables. This paper aims to ...


Autonomous Speed Control For Kia Optima, Andrew J. Combs, Kyle Fugatt, Kevin McFall 2017 Kennesaw State University

Autonomous Speed Control For Kia Optima, Andrew J. Combs, Kyle Fugatt, Kevin Mcfall

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

The standard method for speed control is the cruise control system built into most modern vehicles. These systems employ a PID controller which actuates the accelerator thus, in turn, maintains the desired vehicle speed. The main drawback of such a system is that typically the cruise control will only engage above 25 mph. The goal of this paper is to describe a system which we used to control vehicle speed from a stop to any desired speed using an Arduino microcontroller and a CAN BUS shield, from where autonomous features can be built upon. With this system, we were able ...


Wireless Audio Bridge, Daniel L. Hodges 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Wireless Audio Bridge, Daniel L. Hodges

Electrical Engineering

Bluetooth, a wireless technology standard used to exchange data using radio transmissions, has made a significant impact on the audio technology industry, specifically the way people listen to music. This technology enables a wireless listening experience, eliminating the need for wires or cables between audio devices as previously required. Audio can transmit from a cellphone or laptop (an output device) to a pair of headphones or speakers (an input device) without any physical connection. Compared to alternative wireless listening solutions (i.e. FM transmitter, radio broadcast), Bluetooth offers greater reliability, audio fidelity, portability, and ease of use. To obtain this ...


Logic Tiles, Andrew Wheeler, Tristan Lennertz 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Logic Tiles, Andrew Wheeler, Tristan Lennertz

Computer Engineering

This project was originally conceived by Professor Andrew Danowitz as he considered the restructuring of the introductory digital design course at Cal Poly. As it stands now, students apply their knowledge of boolean algebra and combinatorial logic through the programming of a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) using a Hardware Descriptive Language (HDL). While this is the industry standard for designing large, complex digital circuits, and is an fundamental skill to learn, there is a lack of actual circuit building in the process that can cause a disconnect from theory to application for students who have little-to-no experience with digital ...


Music Synthesizer Senior Project: Danalog, Vikrant A. Marathe 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Music Synthesizer Senior Project: Danalog, Vikrant A. Marathe

Electrical Engineering

The Danalog is a 25 key portable digital music synthesizer that uses multiple synthesis methods and effects to generate sounds. Sound varieties included three synthesis methods including FM, subtractive, and sample-based, with up to eight adjustable parameters, at least four effects, including reverb, chorus, and flange, with five adjustable parameters, and at least two note polyphony, and a five band equalizer. The user would be able to adjust these effects using digital encoders and potentiometers and view the settings on two LCD screens. The finals project was unable to meet the original design requirements. The FM synthesis method was primarily ...


Danalog: Digital Music Synthesizer, Evan R. Lew 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Danalog: Digital Music Synthesizer, Evan R. Lew

Electrical Engineering

The Danalog is a 25 key portable digital music synthesizer that uses multiple synthesis methods and effects to generate sounds. Sound varieties included three synthesis methods including FM, subtractive, and sample-based, with up to eight adjustable parameters, at least four effects, including reverb, chorus, and flange, with five adjustable parameters, and at least two note polyphony, and a five band equalizer. The user would be able to adjust these effects using digital encoders and potentiometers and view the settings on two LCD screens.

The finals project was unable to meet the original design requirements. The FM synthesis method was primarily ...


Smart Safeguard, Stephen J. Marrone 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Smart Safeguard, Stephen J. Marrone

Electrical Engineering

Smart Safeguard is designed to provide people with an affordable device that will notify the authorities when the buyer gets in a car crash. The device will operate off the 12V car power that is present in every car and use an accelerometer to detect if an accident has occurred. If an accident is detected the device will proceed to light up and make a noise until the passenger pushes a button on the device. If the passenger doesn’t push the button within 15 seconds the device, which is wirelessly connected to the passenger’s phone, will initiate a ...


Remote Cable Gantry, Allen L. Bailey 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Remote Cable Gantry, Allen L. Bailey

Electrical Engineering

The Remote Cable Gantry is a robotic system that was initially intended to aid in the art of aerial videography. It was designed to enable novice and expert users alike to capture both video footage and audio from perspectives unachievable by current methods. This system uses a series of cables to control the position of a camera gimbal in a defined 3D space and, as a self-contained unit, is portable and easy to use. The Remote Cable Gantry offers a quiet, intuitive, and safe alternative to existing technology, which has been limiting the market and potential of aerial photography and ...


Music Synthesizer Senior Project: Individual Report, Bryan Bellin 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Music Synthesizer Senior Project: Individual Report, Bryan Bellin

Electrical Engineering

No abstract provided.


Investigating Read/Write Aggregation To Exploit Power Reduction Opportunities Using Dual Supply Voltages, Gu Yunfei 2017 Washington University in St Louis

Investigating Read/Write Aggregation To Exploit Power Reduction Opportunities Using Dual Supply Voltages, Gu Yunfei

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Power consumption plays an important role in computer system design today. On-chip memory structures such as multi-level cache make up a significant proportion of total power consumption of CPU or Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (AISC) chip, especially for memory-intensive application, such as floating-point computation and machine learning algorithm. Therefore, there is a clear motivation to reduce power consumption of these memory structures that are mostly consisting of Static Random-Access Memory (SRAM) blocks. In this defense, I will present the framework of a novel dual-supply-voltage scheme that uses separate voltage levels for memory read and write operations. By quantitatively analyzing the cache ...


Vehicle Occupancy Detection System, Hannah Miller, Justin Wert, Kelsey Lunberg 2017 University of Wyoming

Vehicle Occupancy Detection System, Hannah Miller, Justin Wert, Kelsey Lunberg

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Personal vehicles often become traps for unattended occupants throughout the year. Sadly, this can lead to severe health complications or even death if exposed for too long. Although these complications arise primarily in hot climates, it has been demonstrated that they can happen in any environment. Prolonged exposure to an unfamiliar and often dangerous setting without competent human intervention can be detrimental to health. This problem predominantly impacts pets and young children. In an effort to reduce these preventable health complications and possible deaths, we have developed a vehicle occupancy detection system.

The goal of developing this occupancy detection system ...


An Exact Analysis For Four-Order Acousto-Optic Bragg Diffraction Which Incorporates Both Incident Light Angle And Sound Frequency Dependencies, Adeyinka Sunday Ademola 2017 University of Texas at Tyler

An Exact Analysis For Four-Order Acousto-Optic Bragg Diffraction Which Incorporates Both Incident Light Angle And Sound Frequency Dependencies, Adeyinka Sunday Ademola

Electrical Engineering Theses

This thesis extends the prior work which produced an exact solution to the four-order acousto-optic (AO) Bragg cell with assumed fixed center frequency and with exact Bragg angle incident light. The extension predicts the model that incorporates the dependencies of both the input angle of light and the sound frequency. Specifically, a generalized 4th order linear differential equation (DE), is developed from a simultaneous analysis of four coupled AO system of DEs. Through standard methods, the characteristic roots, which requires solving a quartic equation, is produced. Subsequently, a derived system of homogeneous solutions, which absorbs the roots obtained using ...


Implementation Of Range Autofocus For Sar Radar Imaging, Nicholas J. Testin, Philip Davis 2017 Kennesaw State University

Implementation Of Range Autofocus For Sar Radar Imaging, Nicholas J. Testin, Philip Davis

Honors College Capstones and Theses

The range calculation for an FMCW radar depends on accurate linear modulation. In some circumstances, linear modulation may not be available and must be corrected for. This paper describes an autofocus technique used to correct for phase error due to non-linearities in the components of a FMCW radar. Also described here is the algorithm used in calculating the phase error and application of the phase correction with triangle modulation. Known errors were calculated at certain distances and applied to correcting the phase of data taken at similar distances. The results given were generated using a SAR working outside linear ranges.


Design Of A Folded Cascode Operational Amplifier In A 1.2 Micron Silicon-Carbide Cmos Process, Kyle Addington 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design Of A Folded Cascode Operational Amplifier In A 1.2 Micron Silicon-Carbide Cmos Process, Kyle Addington

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis covers the design of a Folded Cascode CMOS Operational Amplifier (Op-Amp) in Raytheon’s 1.2-micron Silicon Carbide (SiC) process. The use of silicon-carbide as a material for integrated circuits (ICs) is gaining popularity due to its ability to function at high temperatures outside the range of typical silicon ICs. The goal of this design was to create an operational amplifier suitable for use in a high temperature analog-to-digital converter application. The amplifier has been designed to have a DC gain of 50dB, a phase margin of 50 degrees, and a bandwidth of 2 MHz. The circuit’s ...


A Sub-Threshold Low-Power Integrated Bandpass Filter For Highly-Integrated Spectrum Analyzers, Benjamin David Roehrs 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Sub-Threshold Low-Power Integrated Bandpass Filter For Highly-Integrated Spectrum Analyzers, Benjamin David Roehrs

Masters Theses

Low-power analog filter banks provide frequency analysis with minimal space requirements, making them viable solutions for integrated remote audio- and vibration-sensing applications. In order to achieve a balance between the length of deployable service and system performance, a critical requirement of such remote sensor networks is low-power consumption, due to the constraints imposed by on-board battery cells.

In this work, the design and implementation of a sub-threshold complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) integrated low-power tunable analog filter channel for Oak Ridge National Laboratory is presented. Project specifications required a tunable, high-order, monolithic bandpass filter channel with small chip area and low ...


Hexarray: A Novel Self-Reconfigurable Hardware System, Fady Hussein 2017 Boise State University

Hexarray: A Novel Self-Reconfigurable Hardware System, Fady Hussein

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Evolvable hardware (EHW) is a powerful autonomous system for adapting and finding solutions within a changing environment. EHW consists of two main components: a reconfigurable hardware core and an evolutionary algorithm. The majority of prior research focuses on improving either the reconfigurable hardware or the evolutionary algorithm in place, but not both. Thus, current implementations suffer from being application oriented and having slow reconfiguration times, low efficiencies, and less routing flexibility. In this work, a novel evolvable hardware platform is proposed that combines a novel reconfigurable hardware core and a novel evolutionary algorithm.

The proposed reconfigurable hardware core is a ...


Design And Test Of A Gate Driver With Variable Drive And Self-Test Capability Implemented In A Silicon Carbide Cmos Process, Matthew Barlow 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design And Test Of A Gate Driver With Variable Drive And Self-Test Capability Implemented In A Silicon Carbide Cmos Process, Matthew Barlow

Theses and Dissertations

Discrete silicon carbide (SiC) power devices have long demonstrated abilities that outpace those of standard silicon (Si) parts. The improved physical characteristics allow for faster switching, lower on-resistance, and temperature performance. The capabilities unleashed by these devices allow for higher efficiency switch-mode converters as well as the advance of power electronics into new high-temperature regimes previously unimaginable with silicon devices. While SiC power devices have reached a relative level of maturity, recent work has pushed the temperature boundaries of control electronics further with silicon carbide integrated circuits.

The primary requirement to ensure rapid switching of power MOSFETs was a gate ...


Short-Circuit Protection For Low-Voltage Dc Distribution Systems Based On Solid-State Circuit Breakers, Sharthak Munasib 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Short-Circuit Protection For Low-Voltage Dc Distribution Systems Based On Solid-State Circuit Breakers, Sharthak Munasib

Theses and Dissertations

Proper short-circuit protection in dc distribution systems has provided an austere challenge to researchers as the development of commercially-viable equipment providing fast operation, coordination and reliability still continues. The objective of this thesis is to analyze issues associated with short-circuit protection of low-voltage dc (LVDC) distribution systems and propose a short-circuit protection methodology based on solid-state circuit breakers (SSCBs) that provides fault-current limiting (FCL). Simulation results for a simplified notional 1-kVdc distribution system, performed in MATLAB/SIMULINKTM, would be presented to illustrate that SSCB solutions based on reverse-blocking integrated gate-commutated thyristors (RB-IGCT) are feasible for low-voltage dc distribution systems but ...


Silicon Germanium Bicmos Comparator Designed For Use In An Extreme Environment Analog To Digital Converter, Benjamin Riley Sissons 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Silicon Germanium Bicmos Comparator Designed For Use In An Extreme Environment Analog To Digital Converter, Benjamin Riley Sissons

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis demonstrates the process of creating a radiation hardened and extreme temperature operating comparator from start to finish in the 90 nm SiGe 9HP process node. This includes the entire design flow from examining comparator topologies, to designing the initial comparator circuits, to simulating the comparator over a temperature range of -196°C to 125°C, and finally the testing of the fabricated circuit. To verify the circuit would work at low temperatures, several new device models were created that could be used for simulations at -196°C. In addition to its properties as a standalone comparator, the circuit ...


The Effect Of Power Supply Ramp Time On Sram Puf's, Abdelrahman T. Elshafiey Mr. 2017 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

The Effect Of Power Supply Ramp Time On Sram Puf's, Abdelrahman T. Elshafiey Mr.

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

Physical unclonable functions (PUFs) are security primitives that exploit the device mismatches. PUFs are a promising solution for hardware cryptography and key storage. They are used in many security applications including identification, authentication and key generation. SRAM is one of the popular implementations of PUFs. SRAM PUFs offer the advantage, over other PUF constructions, of reusing resources (memories) that already exist in many designs.

In this thesis, for the first time, it is demonstrated that the start-up value of an SRAM PUF could be different depending on the SRAM power supply rising time. An analytical model has been developed to ...


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