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Remote Sensing Using I-Band And S-Band Signals Of Opportunity, Kadir Efecik, Benjamin R. Nold, James L. Garrison 2018 Purdue University

Remote Sensing Using I-Band And S-Band Signals Of Opportunity, Kadir Efecik, Benjamin R. Nold, James L. Garrison

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Measurement of soil moisture, especially the root zone soil moisture, is important in agriculture, meteorology, and hydrology. Root zone soil moisture is concerned with the first meter down the soil. Active and passive remote sensing methods used today utilizing L-band(1-2GHz) are physically limited to a sensing depth of about 5 cm or less. To remotely sense the soil moisture in the deeper parts of the soil, the frequency should be lowered. Lower frequencies cannot be used in active spaceborne instruments because of their need for larger antennas, radio frequency interference (RFI), and frequency spectrum allocations. Ground-based passive remote sensing ...


Spice Based Compact Model For Electrical Switching Of Antiferromagnet, Xe Jin Chan, Jan Kaiser, Pramey Upadhyaya 2018 Purdue University

Spice Based Compact Model For Electrical Switching Of Antiferromagnet, Xe Jin Chan, Jan Kaiser, Pramey Upadhyaya

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

A simulation framework that can model the behavior of antiferromagnets (AFMs) is essential to building novel high-speed devices. The electrical switching of AFMs allows for high performance memory applications. With new phenomena in spintronics being discovered, there is a need for flexible and expandable models. With that in mind, we developed a model for AFMs which can be used to simulate AFM switching behavior in SPICE. This approach can be modified for adding modules, keeping pace with new developments. The proposed AFM switching model is based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation (LLG). LLG along with an exchange coupling module is implemented ...


Experimental Evaluation Of A Krypton Propellant Arrangement In A T-100-3 Hall-Effect Thruster, Adam Patel, Javier Cortina Fernandez, Justin Chow, Osvaldo Alejandro Martin, Alexey Shashurin 2018 Purdue University

Experimental Evaluation Of A Krypton Propellant Arrangement In A T-100-3 Hall-Effect Thruster, Adam Patel, Javier Cortina Fernandez, Justin Chow, Osvaldo Alejandro Martin, Alexey Shashurin

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Stationary Hall thrusters are electric, moderate-specific impulse propulsion systems developed in Russia. These devices manipulate electric and magnetic fields to expel ionized gas (plasma) components, resulting in thrust. The success of Hall-effect engines in USSR satellite-transfer missions quickly sparked western interest in the design. Extensive government and academic study commenced shortly after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, when the technology was made available to the United States. The common SPT-100 model was the primary subject of such studies. Unfortunately, limited literature exists for rare and uncommon Hall thruster models. The T-100-3 stationary plasma thruster suffers from this gap; few ...


A High-Efficiency Low Power Rectifier For Wireless Power Transfer, Zachary Loy, Alden Fisher, Brian Vaughn, Dimitrios Peroulis 2018 Purdue University

A High-Efficiency Low Power Rectifier For Wireless Power Transfer, Zachary Loy, Alden Fisher, Brian Vaughn, Dimitrios Peroulis

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

With the number of implantable devices that utilize electronics increasing, there is an increasing need to find alternative ways of powering them. Currently, surgery is required to replace a battery for these devices; however, with advancements in Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) methods, the need for further surgeries will become negated. This paper explores the ability of WPT as an alternative powering method by investigating rectifier Power Conversion Efficiency (PCE). The rectifier converts high frequency waves to Direct Current (DC) energy that can provide usable power to devices requiring electrical power. It is targeted for low power applications centered around a ...


High-Sn-Content Gesn Alloy Towards Room-Temperature Mid Infrared Laser, Wei Dou 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

High-Sn-Content Gesn Alloy Towards Room-Temperature Mid Infrared Laser, Wei Dou

Theses and Dissertations

Si photonics is a rapidly expanding technology that integrates photonic circuits onto a Si substrate. The integration of Si electronics and photonics has been a successful technology for a wide range of applications. Group-IV alloy GeSn has drawn great attentions as a complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor compatible optoelectronic material for Si photonics. The devices based on GeSn alloy could be monolithically integrated into well-established and high-yield Si integrated circuits, which is favorable for chip-scale Si photonics featuring smaller size, lower cost, and higher reliability.

The relaxed GeSn with high material quality and high Sn composition is highly desirable to cover ...


Novel Compact Narrow-Linewidth Mid-Infrared Lasers For Sensing Applications, Behsan Behzadi 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Novel Compact Narrow-Linewidth Mid-Infrared Lasers For Sensing Applications, Behsan Behzadi

Optical Science and Engineering ETDs

The mid-infrared (2-14 μm) spectral region contains the strong absorption lines of many important molecular species, which make this region crucial for several well-know applications such as spectroscopy, chemical and biochemical sensing, security, and industrial monitoring. To fully exploit this region through absorption spectroscopic techniques, compact and low-cost narrow-linewidth (NLW) mid-infrared (MIR) laser sources are of primary importance.

This thesis is focused on three novel compact NLW MIR lasers: demonstration and characterization of a new glass-based spherical microlaser, investigation of the performance of a novel fiber laser, and the design of a monolithic laser on a silicon chip. Starting with ...


The Relationship Between Electrical Conductivity And Magnetically Damped Motion, Kalem Akhtar 2018 Queensland Academy SMT

The Relationship Between Electrical Conductivity And Magnetically Damped Motion, Kalem Akhtar

The International Student Science Fair 2018

Varying electrical conductivities of different, non-magnetic metals appears to affect the magnitude of magnetically damped motion. To determine the relationship between magnetic damping and conductivity an experiment was designed using different length tubes of aluminium, copper and brass. The tubes had the same diameter and similar wall thickness. A short, cylindrical neodymium magnet was dropped through the tubes of and the time for the magnet to traverse the tube was recorded using a smartphone camera. These times allowed for the terminal velocity to be calculated for each metal length and the average terminal velocity for each metal was determined. This ...


Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Design Of A Stimulator And A Focused Coil For The Application Of Small Animals, Jayaprakash Selvaraj, Priyam Rastogi, Neelam G. Prabhu Gaunkar, Ravi L. Hadimani, Mani Mina 2018 Iowa State University

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Design Of A Stimulator And A Focused Coil For The Application Of Small Animals, Jayaprakash Selvaraj, Priyam Rastogi, Neelam G. Prabhu Gaunkar, Ravi L. Hadimani, Mani Mina

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive, safe, effective, and food and drug administration approved treatment for major depressive disorder. TMS relies on time-varying magnetic fields to induce an electric field in the brain, resulting in depolarization or hyperpolarization of the neurons. Recently, there has been extensive research to improve the magnetic coil design, effectiveness of TMS treatment, and improvement in the computer modeling of human brains, yet little development is reported on the TMS pulse generators and coil design for small animals. TMS pulse generators, or stimulators, are the circuits which provides pulse current to drive the inductive coils ...


Imaging The Three-Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri-Spot Point Spread Function, Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew 2018 Washington University in St Louis

Imaging The Three-Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri-Spot Point Spread Function, Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

Fluorescence photons emitted by single molecules contain rich information regarding their rotational motions, but adapting single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) to measure their orientations and rotational mobilities with high precision remains a challenge. Inspired by dipole radiation patterns, we design and implement a Tri-spot point spread function (PSF) that simultaneously measures the three-dimensional orientation and the rotational mobility of dipole-like emitters across a large field of view. We show that the orientation measurements done using the Tri-spot PSF are sufficiently accurate to correct the anisotropy-based localization bias, from 30 nm to 7 nm, in SMLM. We further characterize the emission anisotropy ...


Wind Turbine Design: Analysis And Experimentation Of Electro-Magnetic Alternator Design, Mark Hans Ewald Steinke 2018 SPU

Wind Turbine Design: Analysis And Experimentation Of Electro-Magnetic Alternator Design, Mark Hans Ewald Steinke

Honors Projects

This article explores the alternator designs for small scale wind turbines and the aspects that affect the performance of these alternators. It explores the design and testing process used to quantify, visualize, and understand the relationship between the wind turbine stator design and the performance. Additionally, the paper analyzes the data collection method using a test jig powered by a hydraulic motor set up by previous groups of students and the data intended to be collected using actual field tests on Whidbey Island located at Camp Casey. These tests were intended to identify favorable combinations of alternators and blades. However ...


Split-Ring Resonator Waveguide Structure Characterization By Simulations, Measurements And Linear Time-Invariant Modeling, Mohamed Aziz Hmaidi 2018 University of New Mexico

Split-Ring Resonator Waveguide Structure Characterization By Simulations, Measurements And Linear Time-Invariant Modeling, Mohamed Aziz Hmaidi

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

Interest in Metamaterials has been rising drastically in the recent years as they have been used in several optical and RF applications, from antennas to perfect lenses and pulsed power devices. Nevertheless, the time-behavior of metamaterials remains opaque and poorly understood.

In this research work, characterization of a metamaterial structure in time and frequency-domain was made through simulations and experiments. The structure consists in a series of edge-side coupled Split Ring Resonators (SRRs) in a below cutoff waveguide. A linear time invariant model of distributed elements has been elaborated as well in an attempt to approach the structure’s behavior ...


Design Of An All-Dielectric Sublayer For Enhanced Transmittance In Stacked Antenna Array Applications, Matthew Bester 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Design Of An All-Dielectric Sublayer For Enhanced Transmittance In Stacked Antenna Array Applications, Matthew Bester

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In spatially constrained applications, the overlapping of antenna arrays can be unavoidable and its presence can lead to a blockage in the line-of-sight for the underlying antennas. Although previous investigations focused predominantly on the contribution of the ground plane and feed network-which were resolved through the use of frequency selective surfaces and proper feed network design, respectively-it is believed that the ground plane, substrate, and patch regions can emplace a substantial combined impedance. To rectify the transmission through these layers, an all-dielectric implementation is suggested based on the properties of complementary media and Fabry-Perot resonance shifting phenomena. Consequently, both spherical ...


Software Defined Radar For Vital Sign Detection, Chandler J. Bauder, James Bates, Steven Engel, James S. Tucker, Fangzhou Liu 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Software Defined Radar For Vital Sign Detection, Chandler J. Bauder, James Bates, Steven Engel, James S. Tucker, Fangzhou Liu

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Imaging Depth Enhancement On Tumor Spheroid By Optical Clearing In Optical Coherence Tomography And Confocal Microscopy, Jinyun Zou 2018 Lehigh University

Imaging Depth Enhancement On Tumor Spheroid By Optical Clearing In Optical Coherence Tomography And Confocal Microscopy, Jinyun Zou

Theses and Dissertations

The tumor spheroid is becoming a promising model for cancer preclinical drugs test. However, its opacity limits the application of high-resolution imaging modalities to explore the inner core region of a spheroid. In this study, a fast aqueous optical clearing method, ScaleSQ(5), was applied to tumor spheroids achieving tissue transparency for deeper light penetration. The imaging depth enhancement was examined by confocal fluorescence microscopy and optical coherence tomography respectively. As a result, tissue transparency is achieved and the light penetration is enhanced by 61.81% in confocal fluorescence microscopy, and 57.13% in optical coherence tomography. Also, ScaleSQ(5 ...


Analysis Of Photovoltaic Energy In The Eastern Kentucky Region And The Residential Financial Feasibility, Joshua A. Johnson 2018 Morehead State University

Analysis Of Photovoltaic Energy In The Eastern Kentucky Region And The Residential Financial Feasibility, Joshua A. Johnson

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis proposal presented to the Faculty of the College of Business and Technology Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree Master of Science by Joshua A. Johnson on April 25, 2018.


Simplified Numerical Models In Simulating Corona Discharge And Ehd Flows, Sara Mantach 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Simplified Numerical Models In Simulating Corona Discharge And Ehd Flows, Sara Mantach

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Corona discharge is used in many practical applications. For designing and optimization of corona devices, the discharge phenomenon should be numerically simulated. Most often, the corona discharge model is simplified by neglecting the process dynamics and assuming a limited number of reactions and species. In the extreme case, monopolar corona models with just one species and no reactions are studied. However, there is a problem with determining boundary conditions for the space charge density. The simplest solution to this problem was suggested by Kaptzov, who hypothesized that the electric field on the electrode surface remains constant and equal to the ...


Experimental Testing Of A Metamaterial Slow Wave Structure For High-Power Microwave Generation, Kevin Aaron Shipman 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Experimental Testing Of A Metamaterial Slow Wave Structure For High-Power Microwave Generation, Kevin Aaron Shipman

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

Experimental Testing of a Metamaterial Slow Wave Structure for High-Power Microwave Generation

by

Kevin Aaron Shipman

B.S., Exercise Science, University of New Mexico, 2008

A.S., Mathematics, San Juan College, 2014

M.S., Electrical Engineering, University of New Mexico, 2018

Abstract

A high-power L-band microwave source has been developed using a metamaterial (MTM) to produce a biperiodic double negative slow wave structure (SWS) for interaction with an electron beam. The beam is generated by a ~700 kV, ~6 kA short pulse (~ 10 ns) electron beam accelerator. The design of the metamaterial SWS (MSWS) consists of a cylindrical waveguide, loaded ...


An Exploration Of The Optical Detection Of Ionizing Radiation Utilizing Modern Optics Technology, Sean D. Fournier, Adam Hecht, Cassiano de Oliveira, Jeffrey B. Martin, Richard K. Harrison, Charles Potter 2018 The University of New Mexico, Sandia National Laboratories

An Exploration Of The Optical Detection Of Ionizing Radiation Utilizing Modern Optics Technology, Sean D. Fournier, Adam Hecht, Cassiano De Oliveira, Jeffrey B. Martin, Richard K. Harrison, Charles Potter

Nuclear Engineering ETDs

Modern ultraviolet (UV) cameras, when combined with UV-transmitting lenses/filter arrangements, can be used to detect radiation dose in air. Ionizing radiation excites nitrogen molecules in ambient air, the resulting decay includes weak emission of ultraviolet photons. Previous work has proven this phenomenon is detectable using highly-sensitive electronically cooled cameras traditionally used in astronomy for low-background imaging. While the ability to detect the presence of radiation (i.e. qualitative measurement) has been demonstrated at Sandia National Laboratories, there are several challenges in correlating images to known dose-fields (quantitative measurement). These challenges include: a low signal to background ratio, interferences due ...


Image Processing Applications In Real Life: 2d Fragmented Image And Document Reassembly And Frequency Division Multiplexed Imaging, Houman Kamran Habibkhani, Houman Kamran Habibkhani 2018 Louisiana State University

Image Processing Applications In Real Life: 2d Fragmented Image And Document Reassembly And Frequency Division Multiplexed Imaging, Houman Kamran Habibkhani, Houman Kamran Habibkhani

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In this era of modern technology, image processing is one the most studied disciplines of signal processing and its applications can be found in every aspect of our daily life. In this work three main applications for image processing has been studied.

In chapter 1, frequency division multiplexed imaging (FDMI), a novel idea in the field of computational photography, has been introduced. Using FDMI, multiple images are captured simultaneously in a single shot and can later be extracted from the multiplexed image. This is achieved by spatially modulating the images so that they are placed at different locations in the ...


Non-Invasive Picosecond Pulse System For Electrostimulation, Ross Aaron Petrella 2018 Old Dominion University

Non-Invasive Picosecond Pulse System For Electrostimulation, Ross Aaron Petrella

Electrical & Computer Engineering Theses & Disssertations

Picosecond pulsed electric fields have been shown to have stimulatory effects, such as calcium influx, activation of action potential, and membrane depolarization, on biological cells. Because the pulse duration is so short, it has been hypothesized that the pulses permeate a cell and can directly affect intracellular cell structures by bypassing the shielding of the membrane. This provides an opportunity for studying new biophysics. Furthermore, radiating picosecond pulses can be efficiently done by a compact antenna because the antenna size is comparable to the pulse width. However, all of the previous bioelectric studies regarding picosecond pulses have been conducted in ...


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