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All Articles in Controls and Control Theory

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Degrees Of Freedom Region For An Interference Network With General Message Demands, Lei Ke, Aditya Ramamoorthy, Zhengdao Wang, Huarui Yin 2017 Qualcomm, Inc.

Degrees Of Freedom Region For An Interference Network With General Message Demands, Lei Ke, Aditya Ramamoorthy, Zhengdao Wang, Huarui Yin

Zhengdao Wang

We consider a single-hop interference network with K transmitters and J receivers, all having M antennas. Each transmitter emits an independent message and each receiver requests an arbitrary subset of the messages. This generalizes the well-known K -user M-antenna interference channel, where each message is requested by a unique receiver. For our setup, we derive the degrees of freedom (DoF) region. The achievability scheme generalizes the interference alignment schemes proposed by Cadambe and Jafar. In particular, we achieve general points in the DoF region by using multiple base vectors and aligning all interferers at a given receiver to the interferer ...


Autonomous Speed Control For Kia Optima, Andrew J. Combs, Kyle Fugatt, Kevin McFall 2017 Kennesaw State University

Autonomous Speed Control For Kia Optima, Andrew J. Combs, Kyle Fugatt, Kevin Mcfall

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

The standard method for speed control is the cruise control system built into most modern vehicles. These systems employ a PID controller which actuates the accelerator thus, in turn, maintains the desired vehicle speed. The main drawback of such a system is that typically the cruise control will only engage above 25 mph. The goal of this paper is to describe a system which we used to control vehicle speed from a stop to any desired speed using an Arduino microcontroller and a CAN BUS shield, from where autonomous features can be built upon. With this system, we were able ...


Novel Nanocomposite Technologies For Dynamic Monitoring Of Structures: A Comparison Between Cement-Based Embeddable And Soft Elastomeric Surface Sensors, Filippo Ubertini, Simon Laflamme, Halil Ceylan, Annibale L. Materazzi, Gianluca Cerni, Hussam Saleem, Antonella D'Alessandro, Alessandro Corradini 2017 University of Perugia

Novel Nanocomposite Technologies For Dynamic Monitoring Of Structures: A Comparison Between Cement-Based Embeddable And Soft Elastomeric Surface Sensors, Filippo Ubertini, Simon Laflamme, Halil Ceylan, Annibale L. Materazzi, Gianluca Cerni, Hussam Saleem, Antonella D'Alessandro, Alessandro Corradini

Halil Ceylan

The authors have recently developed two novel solutions for strain sensing using nanocomposite materials. While they both aim at providing cost-effective solutions for the monitoring of local information on large-scale structures, the technologies are different in their applications and physical principles. One sensor is made of a cementitious material, which could make it suitable for embedding within the core of concrete structures prior to casting, and is a resistor, consisting of a carbon nanotube cement-based transducer. The other sensor can be used to create an external sensing skin and is a capacitor, consisting of a flexible conducting elastomer fabricated from ...


Acceleration Amplitude Control System For Oscillating Silicon Oil Physics Experiment, Eric Chen 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Acceleration Amplitude Control System For Oscillating Silicon Oil Physics Experiment, Eric Chen

Electrical Engineering

This project is an ‘acceleration amplitude control system’ for use in an ‘oscillating silicon oil physics experiment’. The physics experiment has a tray of silicon oil. This tray must oscillate vertically at a specific amplitude (either at or just below the level for Faraday Waves). This control systems manages taking measurements of acceleration amplitude, and also manages correcting the shaker’s driving signal to obtain the correct acceleration. Features of the control system are designed for ease of use, because the system will mostly be operated by professor/ students without background knowledge in electrical engineering.


Dc House Energy Management System, Zachary L. Eldredge, Zoe M. Hay 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Dc House Energy Management System, Zachary L. Eldredge, Zoe M. Hay

Electrical Engineering

In this work, a previously completed proof of concept for an Energy Management System (EMS) for the DC House project has been revised and re-implemented. The implemented design changes will improve the performance and reproducibility of the system. This new design of the EMS replaces the two-separate buck and boost DC-DC converters with a single bidirectional DC-DC converter to reduce components and improve efficiency. Analysis of the bidirectional DC-DC converter shows high efficiency especially at larger load currents. The code of the previous work was updated for smoother operation as well as to accommodate an LCD capable of displaying more ...


Light Sensing Automated Blinds, Andrew B. Hodges, Ryan C. Flick 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Light Sensing Automated Blinds, Andrew B. Hodges, Ryan C. Flick

Electrical Engineering

This project is solving the problem of wasted energy within buildings and homes, because currently the lights turned on inside building do not utilize natural, ambient light from the sun. Rather than having unnecessary light from a light source, the automated light sensing smart blinds can sense the amount of light outside the window and in the room, and then adjust the angle of the blinds to save energy by utilizing the available outdoor light. This way, the light source will not be running at maximum power output while there is excess light coming through the window. This project aims ...


Empirical Validation Of A Spined Sagittal-Plane Quadrupedal Model, Jeff Duperret, Daniel Koditschek 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Empirical Validation Of A Spined Sagittal-Plane Quadrupedal Model, Jeff Duperret, Daniel Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

We document empirically stable bounding using an actively powered spine on the Inu quadrupedal robot, and propose a reduced-order model to capture the dynamics associated with this additional, actuated spine degree of freedom. This model is sufficiently accurate as to roughly describe the robots mass center trajectory during a bounding limit cycle, thus making it a potential option for low dimensional representations of spine actuation in steady-state legged locomotion.


Overlay Protection Against Link Failures Using Network Coding, Ahmed Kamal, Aditya Ramamoorthy, Long Long, Shizheng Li 2017 Iowa State University

Overlay Protection Against Link Failures Using Network Coding, Ahmed Kamal, Aditya Ramamoorthy, Long Long, Shizheng Li

Ahmed Kamal

This paper introduces a network coding-based protection scheme against single and multiple link failures. The proposed strategy ensures that in a connection, each node receives two copies of the same data unit: one copy on the working circuit, and a second copy that can be extracted from linear combinations of data units transmitted on a shared protection path. This guarantees instantaneous recovery of data units upon the failure of a working circuit. The strategy can be implemented at an overlay layer, which makes its deployment simple and scalable. While the proposed strategy is similar in spirit to the work of ...


An Exact Analysis For Four-Order Acousto-Optic Bragg Diffraction Which Incorporates Both Incident Light Angle And Sound Frequency Dependencies, Adeyinka Sunday Ademola 2017 University of Texas at Tyler

An Exact Analysis For Four-Order Acousto-Optic Bragg Diffraction Which Incorporates Both Incident Light Angle And Sound Frequency Dependencies, Adeyinka Sunday Ademola

Electrical Engineering Theses

This thesis extends the prior work which produced an exact solution to the four-order acousto-optic (AO) Bragg cell with assumed fixed center frequency and with exact Bragg angle incident light. The extension predicts the model that incorporates the dependencies of both the input angle of light and the sound frequency. Specifically, a generalized 4th order linear differential equation (DE), is developed from a simultaneous analysis of four coupled AO system of DEs. Through standard methods, the characteristic roots, which requires solving a quartic equation, is produced. Subsequently, a derived system of homogeneous solutions, which absorbs the roots obtained using ...


Optimizing Control Of Shell Eco-Marathon Prototype Vehicle To Minimize Fuel Consumption, Chad Louis Bickel 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Optimizing Control Of Shell Eco-Marathon Prototype Vehicle To Minimize Fuel Consumption, Chad Louis Bickel

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Every year the automotive industry strives to increase fuel efficiency in vehicles. When most vehicles are designed, fuel efficiency cannot always come first. The Shell Eco-marathon changes that by challenging students everywhere to develop the most fuel-efficient vehicle possible. There are many different factors that affect fuel efficiency, and different teams focus on different vehicle parameters. Currently, there is no straightforward design tool that can be used to help in Shell Eco-marathon vehicle design. For this reason, it is difficult to optimize every vehicle parameter for maximum fuel efficiency.

In this study, a simulation is developed by using basic vehicle ...


A Study Of The Reduction Of Excessive Energy Generated By Strong Winds On Power Lines Via A Velocity Damping Controller At The Transmission Tower, Donald W. Fincher Jr. 2017 Kent State University - Kent Campus

A Study Of The Reduction Of Excessive Energy Generated By Strong Winds On Power Lines Via A Velocity Damping Controller At The Transmission Tower, Donald W. Fincher Jr.

Undergraduate Research Symposium

In this research, we are pursuing the robustness of a self-excited vibrational system with negative damping. In practice, this is manifested as conductor galloping of overhead power lines, which is an oscillation of the lines caused by strong winds. Improved transmission tower designs are needed which are capable of combating excessive stresses exerted on the tower by the galloping power lines. Our model of this self-excited system shows that the oscillations can be controlled by adding a boundary velocity feedback controller at the transmission tower. Using a decomposition method, we show there is a closed form analytical solution which predicts ...


P26. Global Exponential Stabilization On So(3), Soulaimane Berkane 2017 sberkane@uwo.ca

P26. Global Exponential Stabilization On So(3), Soulaimane Berkane

Western Research Forum

Global Exponential Stabilization on SO(3)


Numerical Simulation And Experimental Validation Of A Large-Area Capacitive Strain Sensor For Fatigue Crack Monitoring, Xiangxiong Kong, Jian Li, Caroline Bennett, William Colins, Simon Laflamme 2017 University of Kansas

Numerical Simulation And Experimental Validation Of A Large-Area Capacitive Strain Sensor For Fatigue Crack Monitoring, Xiangxiong Kong, Jian Li, Caroline Bennett, William Colins, Simon Laflamme

Simon Laflamme

A large-area electronics in the form of a soft elastomeric capacitor (SEC) has shown great promise as a strain sensor for fatigue crack monitoring in steel structures. The SEC sensors are inexpensive, easy to fabricate, highly stretchable, and mechanically robust. It is a highly scalable technology, capable of monitoring deformations on mesoscale systems. Preliminary experiments verified the SEC sensor’s capability in detecting, localizing, and monitoring crack growth in a compact specimen. Here, a numerical simulation method is proposed to simulate accurately the sensor’s performance under fatigue cracks. Such a method would provide a direct link between the SEC ...


Reconstruction Of In-Plane Strain Maps Using Hybrid Dense Sensor Network Composed Of Sensing Skin, Austin R.J. Downey, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini 2017 Iowa State University

Reconstruction Of In-Plane Strain Maps Using Hybrid Dense Sensor Network Composed Of Sensing Skin, Austin R.J. Downey, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini

Simon Laflamme

The authors have recently developed a soft-elastomeric capacitive (SEC)-based thin film sensor for monitoring strain on mesosurfaces. Arranged in a network configuration, the sensing system is analogous to a biological skin, where local strain can be monitored over a global area. Under plane stress conditions, the sensor output contains the additive measurement of the two principal strain components over the monitored surface. In applications where the evaluation of strain maps is useful, in structural health monitoring for instance, such signal must be decomposed into linear strain components along orthogonal directions. Previous work has led to an algorithm that enabled ...


Indoor Mapping Drone, Benjamin J. Plevny, Andrew Armstrong, Miguel Lopez, Davidson Okpara 2017 The University of Akron

Indoor Mapping Drone, Benjamin J. Plevny, Andrew Armstrong, Miguel Lopez, Davidson Okpara

Honors Research Projects

This project addresses the need for an autonomous indoor mapping system that will create a 3D map of an unknown physical environment in real time. The aerial system moves and avoids obstacles autonomously, without the need for human remote control or observation. An aerial system produces a map of an unknown indoor environment by transmitting data received from the aerial device’s sensors. The transmission occurs over a wireless channel from the aerial device to a remote server for processing and storage of the data. As the transmission is done in real time, the aerial system does not require hardware ...


Process Control Laboratory Skid Refurbishment, Danny Crowder 2017 The University of Akron

Process Control Laboratory Skid Refurbishment, Danny Crowder

Honors Research Projects

This project evaluates a salvaged process control skid for potential refurbishment and educational re-use. In-lab work evaluated the existing skid. Several process control elements have been recommended for replacement, including the process tank (due to corrosion), the pressure transmitter (operability/corrosion), the flow meters (mechanical) and the control system (age). The control valves, temperature elements and transmitters, pump, holding tanks, and the electrical heat exchanger should be salvaged. An I/P converter and pressure relief valve should be added to the pneumatic feed. Enclosing of all electrical components should be prioritized. An electrical schematic for a new control system should ...


Contributions To Edge Computing, Vernon K. Bumgardner 2017 University of Kentucky

Contributions To Edge Computing, Vernon K. Bumgardner

Theses and Dissertations--Computer Science

Efforts related to Internet of Things (IoT), Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), Machine to Machine (M2M) technologies, Industrial Internet, and Smart Cities aim to improve society through the coordination of distributed devices and analysis of resulting data. By the year 2020 there will be an estimated 50 billion network connected devices globally and 43 trillion gigabytes of electronic data. Current practices of moving data directly from end-devices to remote and potentially distant cloud computing services will not be sufficient to manage future device and data growth.

Edge Computing is the migration of computational functionality to sources of data generation. The importance of ...


Underwater Robot, Joseph E. Beck, Matthew Crislip, Cody Bobek, Peyton Lucas 2017 The University of Akron

Underwater Robot, Joseph E. Beck, Matthew Crislip, Cody Bobek, Peyton Lucas

Honors Research Projects

Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) are remote controlled drones operated by a non-local user. The ROV we plan to build is connected by a tethering wire to a floating buoy that contains an antenna which will send signals between the base station and the ROV. The ROV is equipped with a video camera, ballast system, propulsion system, lights, and a depth sensor. The ROV will transmit a live video feed to the user, while receiving input signals to control its movement from the base station.


Real-Time Sensing And Control Of Developing Weld Penetration Through Reflection Vibration In Gtaw, Jinsong Chen 2017 University of Kentucky

Real-Time Sensing And Control Of Developing Weld Penetration Through Reflection Vibration In Gtaw, Jinsong Chen

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

GTAW (Gas Tungsten Arc Welding) weld pool surface is believed to contain sufficient information to determine the weld penetration, from which skilled welders are able to control the welding process to desired penetration states. However, it is unclear how human welders extract the weld penetration from the observed weld pool surface. In this research, a novel method is studied to determine the weld penetration based on the dynamic change of the weld pool surface.

This study observes/measures/analyzes the development of a weld pool from partial to full penetration and correlates such change to the weld penetration. Similar trends ...


A Magnetic Resonance Compatible Knee Extension Ergometer, Youssef Jaber 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

A Magnetic Resonance Compatible Knee Extension Ergometer, Youssef Jaber

Masters Theses May 2014 - current

The product of this thesis aims to enable the study of the biochemical and physical dynamics of the lower limbs at high levels of muscle tension and fast contraction speeds. This is accomplished in part by a magnetic resonance (MR) compatible ergometer designed to apply a load as a torque of up to 420 Nm acting against knee extension at speeds as high as 4.7 rad/s. The system can also be adapted to apply the load as a force of up to 1200 N acting against full leg extension. The ergometer is designed to enable the use of ...


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