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All Articles in Controls and Control Theory

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Delay-Independent Stability Analysis Of Linear Time-Delay Systems Based On Frequency, Xianwei Li, Huijun Gao, Keqin Gu 2016 Harbin Institute of Technology

Delay-Independent Stability Analysis Of Linear Time-Delay Systems Based On Frequency, Xianwei Li, Huijun Gao, Keqin Gu

SIUE Faculty Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity

This paper studies strong delay-independent stability of linear time-invariant systems. It is known that delay-independent stability of time-delay systems is equivalent to some frequency-dependent linear matrix inequalities. To reduce or eliminate conservatism of stability criteria, the frequency domain is discretized into several sub-intervals, and piecewise constant Lyapunov matrices are employed to analyze the frequency-dependent stability condition. Applying the generalized Kalman–Yakubovich–Popov lemma, new necessary and sufficient criteria are then obtained for strong delay-independent stability of systems with a single delay. The effectiveness of the proposed method is illustrated by a numerical example.


Cal Poly Supermileage Electronic Fuel Injection, Alexander Pink 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Cal Poly Supermileage Electronic Fuel Injection, Alexander Pink

Electrical Engineering

Cal Poly Supermileage is a student-run engineering club that builds prototype gasoline vehicles optimized maximum fuel-efficiency. To power their vehicles, the Supermileage team makes use of single-cylinder, 4-stroke, electronically fuel-injected (EFI) gasoline engines. This report details the development, iterative design & test cycles, and integration of an EFI system for the Supermileage club. This project develops an EFI system that interfaces to the most common types of sensors found in the low-power Supermileage-range of engines, including throttle-position sensors, manifold absolute pressure sensors, gear-tooth hall-effect sensors, variable-reluctance position sensors, engine coolant temperature sensors, intake air temperature sensors, and exhaust oxygen sensors. This ...


A Stroke Therapy Brace Design, Evan Kirkbride 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

A Stroke Therapy Brace Design, Evan Kirkbride

Electrical Engineering

Victims of stroke often have difficulty with rehabilitation. With limited movement on their affected arm, patients often do not want to move much for physical therapy. In this project, we design a robotic brace that helps stroke patients move their arm more effectively in a reaching or pulling motion. By giving patients more movement in their affected arm than they would have otherwise, patients gain more from rehabilitation. The brace also adapts to the patient’s needs, providing more inclination or resistance as needed for their physical therapy. This kind of therapy engages patients rather than relying on their likely ...


Automatic Water Pump Controller, Alam D. Salguero, Kyle Russell Marquez Weeks 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Automatic Water Pump Controller, Alam D. Salguero, Kyle Russell Marquez Weeks

Electrical Engineering

In countries including Indonesia, Mexico, Guatemala, and El Salvador, a city water authority supplies the clean water and pumps it into large ground-level storage tanks. A resident’s water pump then pumps the water to a water tank on top of his/her house. When the water level in the ground-level storage tank becomes too low, the pump siphons air and shuts down, requiring a resident to manually prime the water pump to get it running again. Residents struggle to monitor the water level of the tanks effectively and keep the pump running properly. To remedy the issue, the Automatic ...


How Can Occupancy Modeling And Occupancy Sensors Reduce Energy Usage In Academic Buildings: An Application Approach To University Of San Francisco, Paloma R. Duong 2016 University of San Francisco

How Can Occupancy Modeling And Occupancy Sensors Reduce Energy Usage In Academic Buildings: An Application Approach To University Of San Francisco, Paloma R. Duong

Master's Projects

Buildings are amongst the highest energy consumers relative to industry and transportation. They account for 40% of the world’s energy consumption, due to the need for lighting, equipment, heating, cooling and ventilation. Academic buildings are multi-purpose buildings that create a challenge on energy reduction. Most are old and have fixed occupancy schedules, resulting in high energy consumption because these buildings experience significant occupancy variation throughout the day. Five academic buildings were analyzed; their building information, energy consumption data and methods to project energy savings have been analyzed. The case studies presented different strategies on predicting energy savings, but these ...


Simulation And Performance Evaluation Of Algorithms For Unmanned Aircraft Conflict Detection And Resolution, Jeffrey H. Ledet 2016 University of New Orleans

Simulation And Performance Evaluation Of Algorithms For Unmanned Aircraft Conflict Detection And Resolution, Jeffrey H. Ledet

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The problem of aircraft conflict detection and resolution (CDR) in uncertainty is addressed in this thesis. The main goal in CDR is to provide safety for the aircraft while minimizing their fuel consumption and flight delays. In reality, a high degree of uncertainty can exist in certain aircraft-aircraft encounters especially in cases where aircraft do not have the capabilities to communicate with each other. Through the use of a probabilistic approach and a multiple model (MM) trajectory information processing framework, this uncertainty can be effectively handled. For conflict detection, a randomized Monte Carlo (MC) algorithm is used to accurately detect ...


Development Of A Digital Offset Laser Lock, Ian W. Hage 2016 College of William and Mary

Development Of A Digital Offset Laser Lock, Ian W. Hage

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

An offset laser lock is an optoelectronic system capable of stabilizing a laser's optical frequency to a variable offset from another stable laser's frequency. The lock system described in this report relies on a digital frequency comparison of the beat note of two lasers to determine and fix the frequency difference, or offset, between them. This thesis describes the construction of a configurable proportional-integral (PI) control circuit to regulate a laser's frequency based on the error signal generated by a digital comparison of the beat note frequency, as well as the integration of formerly unconnected circuit elements ...


Led Street Light Research Project Part Ii: New Findings, Stephen Quick, Donald K. Carter, Kayvon Fatahalian, Cynthia Limauro, C+C Lighting 2016 Carnegie Mellon University

Led Street Light Research Project Part Ii: New Findings, Stephen Quick, Donald K. Carter, Kayvon Fatahalian, Cynthia Limauro, C+C Lighting

School of Architecture

Many cities are converting their existing street lighting to Light Emitting Diode (LED) source luminaires due to anticipated energy savings of 40 to 80 percent, as compared to high intensity discharge (HID) source luminaires, and maintenance savings estimated to be 50 to 75 percent due to the longer life of LED luminaires. Addressable electronic lighting controls and sensors are now available that can transform a basic streetlight into an intelligent, smart city device with public safety and other benefits. The number of variables that civic officials must consider for any street lighting conversion project has increased as a result of ...


A Radial Basis Function Method For Solving Optimal Control Problems., Hossein Mirinejad 2016 University of Louisville

A Radial Basis Function Method For Solving Optimal Control Problems., Hossein Mirinejad

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This work presents two direct methods based on the radial basis function (RBF) interpolation and arbitrary discretization for solving continuous-time optimal control problems: RBF Collocation Method and RBF-Galerkin Method. Both methods take advantage of choosing any global RBF as the interpolant function and any arbitrary points (meshless or on a mesh) as the discretization points. The first approach is called the RBF collocation method, in which states and controls are parameterized using a global RBF, and constraints are satisfied at arbitrary discrete nodes (collocation points) to convert the continuous-time optimal control problem to a nonlinear programming (NLP) problem. The resulted ...


Dynamic Extruder Control For Polymer Printing In Big Area Additive Manufacturing, Alex Christopher Roschli 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Dynamic Extruder Control For Polymer Printing In Big Area Additive Manufacturing, Alex Christopher Roschli

Masters Theses

Big Area Additive Manufacturing (BAAM) is 3D Printing on a large scale and can be used to create structures on the scale of cars and houses. Scaling up 3D printing to BAAM size meant fundamentally altering the traditional fused deposition modeling process by switching from a filament to a pellet material feed. This meant switching from a stepper motor extruder to a servo driven screw extruder. While increasing the throughput of the system, this new extruder increases the overall complexity. Effective control of the system is paramount to the success of BAAM enabling it to effectively scale in speed in ...


Sensorless Rotor Position Estimation For Brushless Dc Motors, Iram G. Raza 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Sensorless Rotor Position Estimation For Brushless Dc Motors, Iram G. Raza

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Brushless DC motor speed is controlled by synchronizing the stator coil current with rotor position in order to acquire an accurate alignment of stator rotating field with rotor permanent-magnet field for efficient transfer of energy. In order to accomplish this goal, a motor shaft is instantly tracked by using rotating rotor position sensors such as Hall effect sensors, optical encoders or resolvers etc. Adding sensors to detect rotor position affects the overall reliability and mechanical robustness of the system. Therefore, a whole new trend of replacing position sensors with sensorless rotor position estimation techniques have a promising demand.

Among the ...


Fully Decentralized Multi-Agent System For Optimal Microgrid Control, Ricardo de Azevedo 2016 Florida International University

Fully Decentralized Multi-Agent System For Optimal Microgrid Control, Ricardo De Azevedo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In preparation for the influx of renewable energy sources that will be added to the electrical system, flexible and adaptable control schemes are necessary to accommodate the changing infrastructure. Microgrids have been gaining much attention as the main solution to the challenges of distributed and intermittent generation, but due to their low inertia, they need fast-acting control systems in order to maintain stability. Multi-Agent Systems have been proposed as dynamic control and communication frameworks. Decentralized arrangements of agents can provide resiliency and the much-desired “plug and play” behavior. This thesis describes a control system that implements droop control and the ...


Intrinsically Motivated Exploration In Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning, Christopher M. Vigorito 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Intrinsically Motivated Exploration In Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning, Christopher M. Vigorito

Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current

The acquisition of hierarchies of reusable skills is one of the distinguishing characteristics of human intelligence, and the learning of such hierarchies is an important open problem in computational reinforcement learning (RL). In humans, these skills are learned during a substantial developmental period in which individuals are intrinsically motivated to explore their environment and learn about the effects of their actions. The skills learned during this period of exploration are then reused to great effect later in life to solve many unfamiliar problems very quickly. This thesis presents novel methods for achieving such developmental acquisition of skill hierarchies in artificial ...


A Haptic Surface Robot Interface For Large-Format Touchscreen Displays, Mark Price 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

A Haptic Surface Robot Interface For Large-Format Touchscreen Displays, Mark Price

Masters Theses May 2014 - current

This thesis presents the design for a novel haptic interface for large-format touchscreens. Techniques such as electrovibration, ultrasonic vibration, and external braked devices have been developed by other researchers to deliver haptic feedback to touchscreen users. However, these methods do not address the need for spatial constraints that only restrict user motion in the direction of the constraint. This technology gap contributes to the lack of haptic technology available for touchscreen-based upper-limb rehabilitation, despite the prevalent use of haptics in other forms of robotic rehabilitation. The goal of this thesis is to display kinesthetic haptic constraints to the touchscreen user ...


A Lithium Battery Current Estimation Technique Using An Unknown Input Observer, Daniel Cambron 2016 University of Kentucky

A Lithium Battery Current Estimation Technique Using An Unknown Input Observer, Daniel Cambron

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

Current consumption measurements are useful in a wide variety of applications, including power monitoring and fault detection within a lithium battery management system (BMS). This measurement is typically taken using either a shunt resistor or a Hall-effect current transducer. Although both methods have achieved accurate current measurements, shunt resistors have inherent power loss and often require isolation circuitry, and Hall-effect sensors are generally expensive. This work explores a novel alternative to sensing battery current by measuring terminal voltages and cell temperatures and using an unknown input observer (UIO) to estimate the battery current. An accurate model of a LiFePO4 ...


Small Satellite Noncommutative Rotation Sequence Attitude Control Using Piezoelectric Actuators, Joshua L. Evans 2016 University of Kentucky

Small Satellite Noncommutative Rotation Sequence Attitude Control Using Piezoelectric Actuators, Joshua L. Evans

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

Attitude control remains one of the top engineering challenges faced by small satellite mission planning and design. Conventional methods for attitude control include propulsion, reaction wheels, magnetic torque coils, and passive stabilization mechanisms, such as permanent magnets that align with planetary magnetic fields. Drawbacks of these conventional attitude control methods for small satellites include size, power consumption, dependence on external magnetic fields, and lack of full control authority. This research investigates an alternative, novel approach to attitude-control method for small satellites, utilizing the noncommutative property of rigid body rotation sequences. Piezoelectric bimorph actuators are used to induce sinusoidal small-amplitude satellite ...


Sparse Adaptive Local Machine Learning Algorithms For Sensing And Analytics, Jack Cannon 2016 Portland State University

Sparse Adaptive Local Machine Learning Algorithms For Sensing And Analytics, Jack Cannon

Undergraduate Research & Mentoring Program

The goal of digital image processing is to capture, transmit, and display images as efficiently as possible. Such tasks are computationally intensive because an image is digitally represented by large amounts of data. It is possible to render an image by reconstructing it with a subset of the most relevant data. One such procedure used to accomplish this task is commonly referred to as sparse coding. For our purpose, we use images of handwritten digits that are presented to an artificial neural network. The network implements Rozell's locally competitive algorithm (LCA) to generate a sparse code. This sparse code ...


Plc Water Pump Control, Kevin Logsdon 2016 University of Akron

Plc Water Pump Control, Kevin Logsdon

Honors Research Projects

This project set out to use a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) to control a water pump to maintain the water level in a tank at a desired setpoint. A proximity sensor is mounted above the upper reservoir to detect the distance to the water level from the sensor, which will be communicated back to an Allen-Bradley CompactLogix PLC. To control the water level, an AC variable speed drive, that can receive instructions from the PLC, is connected to a water pump that will ramp up the RPM as the water level drops below the setpoint to bring it back to ...


Developing And Testing An Anguilliform Robot Swimming With Theoretically High Hydrodynamic Efficiency, John B. Potts III 2015 University of New Orleans

Developing And Testing An Anguilliform Robot Swimming With Theoretically High Hydrodynamic Efficiency, John B. Potts Iii

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

An anguilliform swimming robot replicating an idealized motion is a complex marine vehicle necessitating both a theoretical and experimental analysis to completely understand its propulsion characteristics. The ideal anguilliform motion within is theorized to produce ``wakeless'' swimming (Vorus, 2011), a reactive swimming technique that produces thrust by accelerations of the added mass in the vicinity of the body. The net circulation for the unsteady motion is theorized to be eliminated.

The robot was designed to replicate the desired, theoretical motion by applying control theory methods. Independent joint control was used due to hardware limitations. The fluid velocity vectors in the ...


Electromechanics Of An Ocean Current Turbine, Vasileios Tzelepis 2015 University of New Orleans

Electromechanics Of An Ocean Current Turbine, Vasileios Tzelepis

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The development of a numeric simulation for predicting the performance of an Ocean Current Energy Conversion System is presented in this thesis along with a control system development using a PID controller for the achievement of specified rotational velocity set-points. In the beginning, this numeric model is implemented in MATLAB/Simulink® and it is used to predict the performance of a three phase squirrel single-cage type induction motor/generator in two different cases. The first case is a small 3 meter rotor diameter, 20 kW ocean current turbine with fixed pitch blades, and the second case a 20 meter, 720 ...


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