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All Articles in Controls and Control Theory

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P26. Global Exponential Stabilization On So(3), Soulaimane Berkane 2017 sberkane@uwo.ca

P26. Global Exponential Stabilization On So(3), Soulaimane Berkane

Western Research Forum

Global Exponential Stabilization on SO(3)


Real-Time Sensing And Control Of Developing Weld Penetration Through Reflection Vibration In Gtaw, Jinsong Chen 2017 University of Kentucky

Real-Time Sensing And Control Of Developing Weld Penetration Through Reflection Vibration In Gtaw, Jinsong Chen

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

GTAW (Gas Tungsten Arc Welding) weld pool surface is believed to contain sufficient information to determine the weld penetration, from which skilled welders are able to control the welding process to desired penetration states. However, it is unclear how human welders extract the weld penetration from the observed weld pool surface. In this research, a novel method is studied to determine the weld penetration based on the dynamic change of the weld pool surface.

This study observes/measures/analyzes the development of a weld pool from partial to full penetration and correlates such change to the weld penetration. Similar trends ...


Active Management Assistant System For Embry-Riddle Ecocar 3 Hybrid Supervisory Control System, Matthew Nelson, Blair Cutting, Michael J. Aleardi 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Active Management Assistant System For Embry-Riddle Ecocar 3 Hybrid Supervisory Control System, Matthew Nelson, Blair Cutting, Michael J. Aleardi

Student Works

The Embry-Riddle EcoCAR 3 team is developing a prototype hybrid Chevrolet Camaro utilizing a customized vehicle powertrain controller. This controller is serving to ensure system safety, vehicle operation, and consumer drivability while also incorporating advanced driving aids to achieve both the desired performance levels one expects from a Camaro as well as vehicle efficiency. This vehicle must reach the team set vehicle technical specifications of a 4.9 second 0 to 60 time while maintaining a 53 miles per gallon gasoline equivalence rating.

In order to reach the efficiency goal, the team is developing an Active Management Assistance System utilizing ...


Investigation Of Model Predictive Control (Mpc) For Steam Generator Level Control In Nuclear Power Plants, Ahmad Taemiriosgouee 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Investigation Of Model Predictive Control (Mpc) For Steam Generator Level Control In Nuclear Power Plants, Ahmad Taemiriosgouee

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The capabilities and potential of Model Predictive Control (MPC) based strategies for steam generator level (SGL) controls in nuclear power plants (NPPs) have been investigated. The performance has been evaluated for all operating conditions that also include start-ups, low power operations and load rejections. These evaluations have been done for MPC controllers based on existing advanced methodologies, as well as for any potential performance improvement that can be achieved by fine tuning some of the parameters (based on the characteristics of the SGL) of the existing MPC approaches.

Two version of MPC have been designed and implemented. The Standard MPC ...


Development Of Instrumentation And Control Systems For An Integral Large Scale Pressurized Water Reactor, Matthew Rowland Morrow Lish 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development Of Instrumentation And Control Systems For An Integral Large Scale Pressurized Water Reactor, Matthew Rowland Morrow Lish

Doctoral Dissertations

Small and large scale integral light water reactors are being developed to supply electrical power and to meet the needs of process heat, primarily for water desalination. This dissertation research focuses on the instrumentation and control of a large integral inherently safe light water reactor (designated as I2S-LWR) which is being designed as part of a grant by the U.S. Department of Energy Integrated Research Project (IRP). This 969 MWe integral pressurized water reactor (PWR) incorporates as many passive safety features as possible while maintaining competitive costs with current light water reactors. In support of this work ...


Data Predictive Control For Peak Power Reduction, Achin Jain, Madhur Behl, Rahul Mangharam 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Data Predictive Control For Peak Power Reduction, Achin Jain, Madhur Behl, Rahul Mangharam

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

Decisions on how best to optimize today's energy systems operations are becoming ever so complex and conflicting such that model-based predictive control algorithms must play a key role. However, learning dynamical models of energy consuming systems such as buildings, using grey/white box approaches is very cost and time prohibitive due to its complexity. This paper presents data-driven methods for making control-oriented model for peak power reduction in buildings. Specifically, a data predictive control with regression trees (DPCRT) algorithm, is presented. DPCRT is a finite receding horizon method, using which the building operator can optimally trade off peak power ...


Reconstruction Of In-Plane Strain Maps Using Hybrid Dense Sensor Network Composed Of Sensing Skin, Austin R.J. Downey, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini 2016 Iowa State University

Reconstruction Of In-Plane Strain Maps Using Hybrid Dense Sensor Network Composed Of Sensing Skin, Austin R.J. Downey, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

The authors have recently developed a soft-elastomeric capacitive (SEC)-based thin film sensor for monitoring strain on mesosurfaces. Arranged in a network configuration, the sensing system is analogous to a biological skin, where local strain can be monitored over a global area. Under plane stress conditions, the sensor output contains the additive measurement of the two principal strain components over the monitored surface. In applications where the evaluation of strain maps is useful, in structural health monitoring for instance, such signal must be decomposed into linear strain components along orthogonal directions. Previous work has led to an algorithm that enabled ...


Robust Feedback Control Based On Low Order Models With Uncertainty Estimation For A Class Of Biomedical Problems, Hector Puebla, Miguel A. Gutierrez-Limon, Eliseo Hernandez-Martinez, Alejandra Velasco-Perez 2016 Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana

Robust Feedback Control Based On Low Order Models With Uncertainty Estimation For A Class Of Biomedical Problems, Hector Puebla, Miguel A. Gutierrez-Limon, Eliseo Hernandez-Martinez, Alejandra Velasco-Perez

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Synchronization Of Coupled Neurons Via Robust Feedback, Hector Puebla, Ricardo Aguilar-Lopez, Priti Kumar Roy 2016 Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana

Synchronization Of Coupled Neurons Via Robust Feedback, Hector Puebla, Ricardo Aguilar-Lopez, Priti Kumar Roy

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


On The Characterization And Parametrization Of Strong Linearizations Of Polynomial Matrices, Efstathios Antoniou, Stavros Vologiannidis 2016 Alexander Technological Education Institute of Thessaloniki

On The Characterization And Parametrization Of Strong Linearizations Of Polynomial Matrices, Efstathios Antoniou, Stavros Vologiannidis

Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra

In the present note, a new characterization of strong linearizations, corresponding to a given regular polynomial matrix, is presented. A linearization of a regular polynomial matrix is a matrix pencil which captures the finite spectral structure of the original matrix, while a strong linearization is one incorporating its structure at infinity along with the finite one. In this respect, linearizations serve as a tool for the study of spectral problems where polynomial matrices are involved. In view of their applications, many linearization techniques have been developed by several authors in the recent years. In this note, a unifying approach is ...


Performance-Robust Dynamic Feedback Control Of Lipschitz Nonlinear Systems, Winston Baker 2016 Marquette University

Performance-Robust Dynamic Feedback Control Of Lipschitz Nonlinear Systems, Winston Baker

Dissertations (2009 -)

This dissertation addresses the dynamic control of nonlinear systems with finite energy noise in the state and measurement equations. Regional eigenvalue assignment (REA) is used to ensure that the state estimate error is driven to zero significantly faster than the state itself. Moreover, the controller is designed for the resulting closed loop system to achieve any one of a set of general performance criteria (GPC). The nonlinear model is assumed to have a Lipschitz nonlinearity both in the state and measurement equations. By using the norm bound of the nonlinearity, the controller is designed to be robust against all nonlinearities ...


Control System Research And Development To Support Virtual Prototyping Of Pump And Motors, Rajith Weerasinghe, Monika Ivantysynova, Paul Kalbfleisch 2016 Purdue University

Control System Research And Development To Support Virtual Prototyping Of Pump And Motors, Rajith Weerasinghe, Monika Ivantysynova, Paul Kalbfleisch

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Virtual prototyping of positive pumps and motors is incredibly useful, increasing speed of development and lowering cost. The calculations of fluids discharge pressure, displaced by a swashplate-type-axial piston pump/motor is dependent on the load impedance driven by the unit. The load impedance is estimated by a variable orifice found downstream of the unit. Similarly, the suction line impedance is also estimated with an orifice. The current project aims to evaluate the various loading architectures in their ability to quickly and accurately create the desired impedance. The robustness of the loading architectures was tested on a wide range of pump ...


Optimization-Free Optical Focal Field Engineering Through Reversing The Radiation Pattern From A Uniform Line Source, Yanzhong Yu, Qiwen Zhan 2016 University of Dayton

Optimization-Free Optical Focal Field Engineering Through Reversing The Radiation Pattern From A Uniform Line Source, Yanzhong Yu, Qiwen Zhan

Qiwen Zhan

A simple and flexible method is presented for the generation of optical focal field with prescribed characteristics. By reversing the field pattern radiated from a uniform line source, for which the electric current is constant along its extent, situated at the focus of a 4Pi focusing system formed by two confocal high-NA objective lenses, the required illumination distribution at the pupil plane for creating optical focal field with desired properties can be obtained. Numerical example shows that an arbitrary length optical needle with extremely high longitudinal polarization purity and consistent transverse size of ~0.36λ over the entire depth of ...


Tailoring Optical Complex Fields With Nano-Metallic Surfaces, Guanghao Rui, Qiwen Zhan 2016 University of Dayton

Tailoring Optical Complex Fields With Nano-Metallic Surfaces, Guanghao Rui, Qiwen Zhan

Qiwen Zhan

Recently there is an increasing interest in complex optical fields with spatially inhomogeneous state of polarizations and optical singularities. Novel effects and phenomena have been predicted and observed for light beams with these unconventional states. Nanostructured metallic thin film offers unique opportunities to generate, manipulate and detect these novel fields. Strong interactions between nano-metallic surfaces and complex optical fields enable the development of highly compact and versatile functional devices and systems. In this review, we first briefly summarize the recent developments in complex optical fields. Various nano-metallic surface designs that can produce and manipulate complex optical fields with tailored characteristics ...


Creation Of Identical Multiple Focal Spots With Prescribed Axial Distribution, Yanzhong Yu, Qiwen Zhan 2016 University of Dayton

Creation Of Identical Multiple Focal Spots With Prescribed Axial Distribution, Yanzhong Yu, Qiwen Zhan

Qiwen Zhan

We present a scheme for the construction of coaxially equidistant multiple focal spots with identical intensity profiles for each individual focus and a predetermined number and spacing. To achieve this, the radiation field from an antenna is reversed and then gathered by high numerical aperture objective lenses. Radiation patterns from three types of line sources, i.e., the electric current, magnetic current and electromagnetic current distributions, with cosine-squared taper are respectively employed to generate predominately longitudinally polarized bright spots, azimuthally polarized doughnuts, and focal spots with a perfect spherically symmetric intensity distribution. The required illuminations at the pupil plane of ...


Delay-Independent Stability Analysis Of Linear Time-Delay Systems Based On Frequency, Xianwei Li, Huijun Gao, Keqin Gu 2016 Harbin Institute of Technology

Delay-Independent Stability Analysis Of Linear Time-Delay Systems Based On Frequency, Xianwei Li, Huijun Gao, Keqin Gu

SIUE Faculty Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity

This paper studies strong delay-independent stability of linear time-invariant systems. It is known that delay-independent stability of time-delay systems is equivalent to some frequency-dependent linear matrix inequalities. To reduce or eliminate conservatism of stability criteria, the frequency domain is discretized into several sub-intervals, and piecewise constant Lyapunov matrices are employed to analyze the frequency-dependent stability condition. Applying the generalized Kalman–Yakubovich–Popov lemma, new necessary and sufficient criteria are then obtained for strong delay-independent stability of systems with a single delay. The effectiveness of the proposed method is illustrated by a numerical example.


Stochastic And Optimal Distributed Control For Energy Optimization And Spatially Invariant Systems, Jin Dong 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Stochastic And Optimal Distributed Control For Energy Optimization And Spatially Invariant Systems, Jin Dong

Doctoral Dissertations

Improving energy efficiency and grid responsiveness of buildings requires sensing, computing and communication to enable stochastic decision-making and distributed operations. Optimal control synthesis plays a significant role in dealing with the complexity and uncertainty associated with the energy systems.

The dissertation studies general area of complex networked systems that consist of interconnected components and usually operate in uncertain environments. Specifically, the contents of this dissertation include tools using stochastic and optimal distributed control to overcome these challenges and improve the sustainability of electric energy systems.

The first tool is developed as a unifying stochastic control approach for improving energy efficiency ...


A System For Monitoring And Managing Indoor Air Quality And Environmental Conditions, Ali Ibrahim 2016 Boise State University

A System For Monitoring And Managing Indoor Air Quality And Environmental Conditions, Ali Ibrahim

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The quality of indoor air depends on different types of pollutant sources existing in a semi-enclosed environment. The sources can be biological, chemical, or toxic pollutants. These sources can cause health issues and discomfort for occupants. One of the indicators of poor indoor air quality is Carbon Dioxide (CO2). CO2 can be used to indicate the indoor air exchange rate. The lack of air exchange means higher levels of CO2. High levels of indoor particulates can also be an indication of poor air quality. Due to the lack of fresh air, air circulation, and air filtration, the ...


Clustering-Based Robot Navigation And Control, Omur Arslan 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Clustering-Based Robot Navigation And Control, Omur Arslan

Departmental Papers (ESE)

In robotics, it is essential to model and understand the topologies of configuration spaces in order to design provably correct motion planners. The common practice in motion planning for modelling configuration spaces requires either a global, explicit representation of a configuration space in terms of standard geometric and topological models, or an asymptotically dense collection of sample configurations connected by simple paths, capturing the connectivity of the underlying space. This dissertation introduces the use of clustering for closing the gap between these two complementary approaches. Traditionally an unsupervised learning method, clustering offers automated tools to discover hidden intrinsic structures in ...


A Stroke Therapy Brace Design, Evan Kirkbride 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

A Stroke Therapy Brace Design, Evan Kirkbride

Electrical Engineering

Victims of stroke often have difficulty with rehabilitation. With limited movement on their affected arm, patients often do not want to move much for physical therapy. In this project, we design a robotic brace that helps stroke patients move their arm more effectively in a reaching or pulling motion. By giving patients more movement in their affected arm than they would have otherwise, patients gain more from rehabilitation. The brace also adapts to the patient’s needs, providing more inclination or resistance as needed for their physical therapy. This kind of therapy engages patients rather than relying on their likely ...


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