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All Articles in Controls and Control Theory

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Real-Time Variable Multidelay Controller For Multihazard Mitigation, Ling Cao, Simon Laflamme 2018 Iowa State University

Real-Time Variable Multidelay Controller For Multihazard Mitigation, Ling Cao, Simon Laflamme

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

High performance control systems (HPCS), including semiactive, active, and hybrid damping systems, are effective solutions to increase structural performance versus multihazard excitations. However, the implementation of HPCS within structural systems is still in its infancy, because of the complexity in designing a robust closed-loop control system that can ensure reliable and high mitigation performance. To overcome this challenge, a new type of controller with high adaptive capabilities is proposed. The control algorithm is based on real-time embedding of measurements to minimally represent the essential dynamics of the controlled system, therefore providing adaptive input space capabilities. This type of controller is ...


Introduction To State Estimation Of High-Rate System Dynamics, Jonathan Hong, Simon Laflamme, Jacob Dodson, Bryan Joyce 2018 Iowa State University

Introduction To State Estimation Of High-Rate System Dynamics, Jonathan Hong, Simon Laflamme, Jacob Dodson, Bryan Joyce

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Engineering systems experiencing high-rate dynamic events, including airbags, debris detection, and active blast protection systems, could benefit from real-time observability for enhanced performance. However, the task of high-rate state estimation is challenging, in particular for real-time applications where the rate of the observer’s convergence needs to be in the microsecond range. This paper identifies the challenges of state estimation of high-rate systems and discusses the fundamental characteristics of high-rate systems. A survey of applications and methods for estimators that have the potential to produce accurate estimations for a complex system experiencing highly dynamic events is presented. It is argued ...


Strong Stability Of A Class Of Difference Equations Of Continuous Time And Structured Singular Value Problem, Qian Ma, Keqin Gu, Narges Choubedar 2018 Nanjing University of Science and Technology

Strong Stability Of A Class Of Difference Equations Of Continuous Time And Structured Singular Value Problem, Qian Ma, Keqin Gu, Narges Choubedar

SIUE Faculty Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity

This article studies the strong stability of scalar difference equations of continuous time in which the delays are sums of a number of independent parameters tau_i, i = 1, 2, . . . ,K. The characteristic quasipolynomial of such an equation is a multilinear function of exp(-tau_i s). It is known that the characteristic quasipolynomial of any difference equation set in the form of one-delayper- scalar-channel (ODPSC) model is also in such a multilinear form. However, it is shown in this article that some multilinear forms of quasipolynomials are not characteristic quasipolynomials of any ODPSC difference equation set. The equivalence between local strong ...


Study Of Input Space For State Estimation Of High-Rate Dynamics, Jonathan Hong, Simon Laflamme, Jacob Dodson 2018 Iowa State University

Study Of Input Space For State Estimation Of High-Rate Dynamics, Jonathan Hong, Simon Laflamme, Jacob Dodson

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

High-rate dynamic systems are defined as systems being exposed to highly dynamic environments that comprise high-rate and high-amplitude events. Examples of such systems include civil structures exposed to blast, space shuttles prone to debris strikes, and aerial vehicles experiencing in-flight changes. The high-rate dynamic characteristics of these systems provides several possibilities for state estimators to improve performance, including a high potential to reduce injuries and save lives. In this paper, opportunities and challenges that are specific to state estimation of highrate dynamic systems are presented and discussed. It is argued that a possible path to design of state estimators for ...


Swing Contracts With Dynamic Reserves For Flexible Service Management, Shanshan Ma, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion 2017 Iowa State University

Swing Contracts With Dynamic Reserves For Flexible Service Management, Shanshan Ma, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion

Leigh Tesfatsion

The increasing penetration of variable energy resources in modern electric power systems requires additional flexibility in ancillary service provision to maintain reliable and efficient grid operations. However, full recognition and appropriate compensation of this flexibility is difficult to ensure within current power market designs due to rigidities in service definitions and requirements. For example, reserve requirements (RRs) are typically set in advance at administratively determined levels. If RRs are too large, wasteful expenditures result; and, if RRs are too small, high real-time costs are incurred for peak generation and/or load curtailment. To address these problems, this paper proposes a ...


Control Of Power Electronic Interfaces In Distributed Generation., Mohammad Mohebbi 2017 University of Louisville

Control Of Power Electronic Interfaces In Distributed Generation., Mohammad Mohebbi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Renewable energy has gained popularity as an alternative resource for electric power generation. As such, Distributed Generation (DG) is expected to open new horizons to electric power generation. Most renewable energy sources cannot be connected to the load directly. Integration of the renewable energy sources with the load has brought new challenges in terms of the system’s stability, voltage regulation and power quality issues. For example, the output power, voltage and frequency of an example wind turbine depend on the wind speed, which fluctuate over time and cannot be forecasted accurately. At the same time, the nonlinearity of residential ...


Realtime Implementation Of An Internal-Model-Principle Signal Identifier, Edris Saleh Mohsen 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Realtime Implementation Of An Internal-Model-Principle Signal Identifier, Edris Saleh Mohsen

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis presents a new means approach of tuning an adaptive internal model principle based signal identification algorithm whose computational costs are low enough to allow a realtime implementation. The algorithm allows an instantaneous Fourier decomposition of nonstationary signals that have a strongly predictable component. The algorithm is implemented as a feedback loop resulting in a closed loop system with a frequency response of a bandpass filter with notches at the frequencies of the Fourier decomposition. This is achieved through real time selection of the coefficients of the transfer functions in the feedback loop. Previous work showed how the dynamics ...


Experimental Wind Tunnel Study Of A Smart Sensing Skin For Condition Evaluation Of A Wind Turbine Blade, Austin Downey, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini 2017 Iowa State University

Experimental Wind Tunnel Study Of A Smart Sensing Skin For Condition Evaluation Of A Wind Turbine Blade, Austin Downey, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Condition evaluation of wind turbine blades is difficult due to their large size, complex geometry and lack of economic and scalable sensing technologies capable of detecting, localizing, and quantifying faults over a blade's global area. A solution is to deploy inexpensive large area electronics over strategic areas of the monitored component, analogous to sensing skin. The authors have previously proposed a large area electronic consisting of a soft elastomeric capacitor (SEC). The SEC is highly scalable due to its low cost and ease of fabrication, and can, therefore, be used for monitoring large-scale components. A single SEC is a ...


Ground Station Tracking System, Garret Hilton, Carter Mciver, Steven Hamby, Trevor Gahl, Casey Coffman, David Schwehr 2017 Montana State University-Bozeman

Ground Station Tracking System, Garret Hilton, Carter Mciver, Steven Hamby, Trevor Gahl, Casey Coffman, David Schwehr

2017 Academic High Altitude Conference

One of the Eclipse Ballooning Project’s main goals was to stream live video of the eclipse to the internet. To accomplish this task a tracking antenna was built to follow the balloon payload. As an added challenge, the task had to be completed on a budget. The “ground station” is the center for communication between the payload and user. This system utilizes GPS position reports from the payload via the iridium network to determine the balloons position. The computer algorithm takes in additional GPS and IMU data from the ground station to determine a relative heading to orientate the ...


Co-Existence Of Microbial Ecology In A Chemostat Using A Robust Feedback, Hector Puebla, Mariana Rodriguez-Jara, Margarita M. Gonzalez-Brambila, Eliseo Hernandez-Martinez, Alejandra Velasco-Perez, Ennio Piceno-Diaz 2017 Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana

Co-Existence Of Microbial Ecology In A Chemostat Using A Robust Feedback, Hector Puebla, Mariana Rodriguez-Jara, Margarita M. Gonzalez-Brambila, Eliseo Hernandez-Martinez, Alejandra Velasco-Perez, Ennio Piceno-Diaz

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Food Web Control And Synchronization Using A Robust Feedback, Hector Puebla, Mariana Rodriguez-Jara, Cesar S. Lopez-Monsalvo, Eliseo Hernandez-Martinez, Alejandra Velasco-Perez 2017 Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana

Food Web Control And Synchronization Using A Robust Feedback, Hector Puebla, Mariana Rodriguez-Jara, Cesar S. Lopez-Monsalvo, Eliseo Hernandez-Martinez, Alejandra Velasco-Perez

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Learning And Control Using Gaussian Processes, Achin Jain, Truong X Nghiem, Manfred Morari, Rahul Mangharam 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Learning And Control Using Gaussian Processes, Achin Jain, Truong X Nghiem, Manfred Morari, Rahul Mangharam

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

Building physics-based models of complex physical systems like buildings and chemical plants is extremely cost and time prohibitive for applications such as real-time optimal control, production planning and supply chain logistics. Machine learning algorithms can reduce this cost and time complexity, and are, consequently, more scalable for large-scale physical systems. However, there are many practical challenges that must be addressed before employing machine learning for closed-loop control. This paper proposes the use of Gaussian Processes (GP) for learning control-oriented models: (1) We develop methods for the optimal experiment design (OED) of functional tests to learn models of a physical system ...


Event And Time-Triggered Control Module Layers For Individual Robot Control Architectures Of Unmanned Agricultural Ground Vehicles, Tyler Troyer 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Event And Time-Triggered Control Module Layers For Individual Robot Control Architectures Of Unmanned Agricultural Ground Vehicles, Tyler Troyer

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Automation in the agriculture sector has increased to an extent where the accompanying methods for unmanned field management are becoming more economically viable. This manifests in the industry’s recent presentation of conceptual cab-less machines that perform all field operations under the high-level task control of a single remote operator. A dramatic change in the overall workflow for field tasks that historically assumed the presence of a human in the immediate vicinity of the work is predicted. This shift in the entire approach to farm machinery work provides producers increased control and productivity over high-level tasks and less distraction from ...


Damage Detection, Localization And Quantification In Conductive Smart Concrete Structures Using A Resistor Mesh Model, Austin Downey, Antonella D’Alessandro, Micah Baquera, Enrique García-Macías, Daniel Rolfes, Filippo Ubertini, Simon Laflamme, Rafael Castro-Triguero 2017 Iowa State University

Damage Detection, Localization And Quantification In Conductive Smart Concrete Structures Using A Resistor Mesh Model, Austin Downey, Antonella D’Alessandro, Micah Baquera, Enrique García-Macías, Daniel Rolfes, Filippo Ubertini, Simon Laflamme, Rafael Castro-Triguero

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Interest in self-sensing structural materials has grown in recent years due to their potential to enable continuous low-cost monitoring of next-generation smart-structures. The development of cement-based smart sensors appears particularly well suited for structural health monitoring due to their numerous possible field applications, ease of use, and long-term stability. Additionally, cement-based sensors offer a unique opportunity for monitoring of civil concrete structures because of their compatibility with new and existing infrastructure. In this paper, we propose the use of a computationally efficient resistor mesh model to detect, localize and quantify damage in structures constructed from conductive cement composites. The proposed ...


Design Of Dc-Link Vscf Ac Electrical Power System For The Embraer 190/195 Aircraft, Eduardo Francis Carvalho Freitas, Nihad E. Daidzic 2017 ETEP – Faculdade de Tecnologia de São José dos Campos, Brazil

Design Of Dc-Link Vscf Ac Electrical Power System For The Embraer 190/195 Aircraft, Eduardo Francis Carvalho Freitas, Nihad E. Daidzic

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

A proposed novel DC-Link VSCF AC-DC-AC electrical power system converter for Embraer 190/195 transport category airplane is presented. The proposed converter could replace the existing conventional system based on the CSCF IDGs. Several contemporary production airplanes already have VSCF as a major or backup source of electrical power. Problems existed with the older VSCF systems in the past; however, the switched power electronics and digital controllers have matured and can be now, in our opinion, safely integrated and replace existing constant-speed hydraulic transmissions powering CSCF AC generators. IGBT power transistors for medium-level power conversion and relatively fast efficient switching ...


Swing Contracts With Dynamic Reserves For Flexible Service Management, Shanshan Ma, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion 2017 Iowa State University

Swing Contracts With Dynamic Reserves For Flexible Service Management, Shanshan Ma, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers

The increasing penetration of variable energy resources in modern electric power systems requires additional flexibility in ancillary service provision to maintain reliable and efficient grid operations. However, full recognition and appropriate compensation of this flexibility is difficult to ensure within current power market designs due to rigidities in service definitions and requirements. For example, reserve requirements (RRs) are typically set in advance at administratively determined levels. If RRs are too large, wasteful expenditures result; and, if RRs are too small, high real-time costs are incurred for peak generation and/or load curtailment. To address these problems, this paper proposes a ...


Computation Of State Reachable Points Of Second Order Linear Time-Invariant Descriptor Systems, Subashish Datta Ph.D., V Mehrmann 2017 Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India-175005

Computation Of State Reachable Points Of Second Order Linear Time-Invariant Descriptor Systems, Subashish Datta Ph.D., V Mehrmann

Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra

This paper considers the problem of computing the state reachable points (from the origin) of a linear constant coefficient second order descriptor system. A new method is proposed to compute the reachable set in a numerically stable way. The original descriptor system is transformed into a strangeness-free system within the behavioral framework followed by a projection that separates the system into different order differential and algebraic equations while keeping the original state variables. This reformulation is followed by a first order formulation that avoids all unnecessary smoothness requirements. For the resulting first order system, it is shown that the computation ...


Pursuit Evasion With Multiple Pursuers : Capturing A Ground Vehicle On A Road Network With Multiple Drones, Blake Wilson, Shreyas Sundaram, Amritha Prasad 2017 Purdue University

Pursuit Evasion With Multiple Pursuers : Capturing A Ground Vehicle On A Road Network With Multiple Drones, Blake Wilson, Shreyas Sundaram, Amritha Prasad

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) have many military and civilian applications, one of which is monitoring a given area (such as a road network) for threats. An important question in this application is to determine the latest time to dispatch UAVs for the guaranteed capture of threats attempting to travel through the network. In this work, we consider a pursuit evasion scenario with multiple pursuers (UAVs) trying to catch a single evader (ground vehicle), where information about the evader’s path is provided by ground sensors. In this scenario, we consider the problem of finding the maximum delay with which the ...


Two Senior Projects: 2.4 Ghz, 40% Efficiency Radio Frequency Amplifier, Ieee Design Contest, & Design And Implementation Of A Software Costas Loop For Audio Frequencies, Robert J. Tong 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Two Senior Projects: 2.4 Ghz, 40% Efficiency Radio Frequency Amplifier, Ieee Design Contest, & Design And Implementation Of A Software Costas Loop For Audio Frequencies, Robert J. Tong

Electrical Engineering

How to Read this Document:

This document combines two senior project reports. The first senior project documents designing a class AB RF amplifier. The second, discusses the design and implementation of a software Costas loop for audio frequencies. The first report begins on the next page, while the Costas loop report starts on page 24. The two reports are orthogonal from one another. It is not a prerequisite to read the RF amplifier report before reading the Costas loop report. This document is merely two reports combined into one document. The second report, about the Costas loop, was written as ...


Observation And Estimation Study For Sensorless Control Of Linear Vapor Compressors., Joseph Latham 2017 University of Louisville

Observation And Estimation Study For Sensorless Control Of Linear Vapor Compressors., Joseph Latham

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Linear vapor compressors have become widely investigated for refrigeration applications due to their high efficiency in comparison to the more common rotary type compressors. However, the nature of the linear compressor adds complexity to the control of these machines. The unconstrained motion of the piston in a linear compressor allows for continuous modulation of the compressor output, but requires knowledge of the mechanical dynamics to effectively control the compressor and prevent collision of the piston with the cylinder head. This control is made more difficult by the highly nonlinear nature of the force of gas compression acting against the piston ...


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