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A Statistical Impulse Response Model Based On Empirical Characterization Of Wireless Underground Channel, Abdul Salam, Mehmet C. Vuran, Suat Irmak 2020 Purdue University

A Statistical Impulse Response Model Based On Empirical Characterization Of Wireless Underground Channel, Abdul Salam, Mehmet C. Vuran, Suat Irmak

Faculty Publications

Wireless underground sensor networks (WUSNs) are becoming ubiquitous in many areas. The design of robust systems requires extensive understanding of the underground (UG) channel characteristics. In this paper, an UG channel impulse response is modeled and validated via extensive experiments in indoor and field testbed settings. The three distinct types of soils are selected with sand and clay contents ranging from $13\%$ to $86\%$ and $3\%$ to $32\%$, respectively. The impacts of changes in soil texture and soil moisture are investigated with more than $1,200$ measurements in a novel UG testbed that allows flexibility in soil moisture control. Moreover ...


Rapid Restoration Techniques For Software-Defined Networks, Ali Malik, Ruairí de Fréin, Benjamin Aziz 2020 Technological University Dublin

Rapid Restoration Techniques For Software-Defined Networks, Ali Malik, Ruairí De Fréin, Benjamin Aziz

Articles

There is increasing demand in modern day business applications for communication networks to be robust and reliable due to the complexity and critical nature of such applications. As such, data delivery is expected to be reliable and secure even in the harshest of environments. Software-Defined Networking (SDN) is gaining traction as a promising approach for designing network architectures which are robust and flexible. One reason for this is that separating the data plane from the control plane, increases the controller’s ability to configure the network rapidly. When network failure events occur, the network manager may trade-off the optimality of ...


Zenneck Waves In Decision Agriculture: An Empirical Verification And Application In Em-Based Underground Wireless Power Transfer, Usman Raza, Abdul Salam 2020 Purdue University

Zenneck Waves In Decision Agriculture: An Empirical Verification And Application In Em-Based Underground Wireless Power Transfer, Usman Raza, Abdul Salam

Faculty Publications

In this article, the results of experiments for the observation of Zenneck surface waves in sub GHz frequency range using dipole antennas are presented. Experiments are conducted over three different soils for communications distances of up to 1 m. This empirical analysis confirms the existence of Zenneck waves over the soil surface. Through the power delay profile (PDP) analysis, it has been shown that other subsurface components exhibit rapid decay as compared to the Zenneck waves. A potential application of the Zenneck waves for energy transmission in the area of decision agriculture is explored. Accordingly, a novel wireless through-the-soil power ...


On The Performance Of Detecting Injection Of Fabricated Messages Into The Can Bus, Lotfi ben Othmane, Lalitha Dhulipala, Nicholas Multari, Manimaran Govindarasu 2020 Iowa State University

On The Performance Of Detecting Injection Of Fabricated Messages Into The Can Bus, Lotfi Ben Othmane, Lalitha Dhulipala, Nicholas Multari, Manimaran Govindarasu

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

There have been several public demonstrations of attacks on connected vehicles showing the ability of an attacker to take control of a targeted vehicle by injecting messages into their CAN bus. In this paper, using injected speed reading and RPM reading messages in in-motion vehicle, we examine the ability of the Pearson correlation and the unsupervised learning methods k-means clustering and HMM to differentiate 'no-attack' and 'under-attack' states of the given vehicle. We found that the Pearson correlation distinguishes the two states, the k-means clustering method has an acceptable accuracy but high false positive rate and HMM detects attacks with ...


On-Site And External Energy Harvesting In Underground Wireless, Usman Raza, Abdul Salam 2020 Purdue University

On-Site And External Energy Harvesting In Underground Wireless, Usman Raza, Abdul Salam

Faculty Publications

Energy efficiency is vital for uninterrupted long-term operation of wireless underground communication nodes in the field of decision agriculture. In this paper, energy harvesting and wireless power transfer techniques are discussed with applications in underground wireless communications (UWC). Various external wireless power transfer techniques are explored. Moreover, key energy harvesting technologies are presented that utilize available energy sources in the field such as vibration, solar, and wind. In this regard, the Electromagnetic(EM)- and Magnetic Induction(MI)-based approaches are explained. Furthermore, the vibration-based energy harvesting models are reviewed as well. These energy harvesting approaches lead to design of an ...


Study Of Fundamental Tradeoff Between Deliverable And Private Information In Statistical Inference, Farhang Bayat 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Study Of Fundamental Tradeoff Between Deliverable And Private Information In Statistical Inference, Farhang Bayat

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

My primary objective in this dissertation is to establish a framework under which I launch a systematic study of the fundamental tradeoff between deliverable and private information in statistical inference. My research was partly motivated by arising and prevailing privacy concerns of users in many machine learning problems.

In this dissertation, I begin by introducing examples where I am concerned of privacy leakage versus decision utility in statistical inference problems. I then go into further details about what I have achieved in formulating and solving such problems using information theory related metrics in a variety of settings. Both related works ...


Innovation In Pedagogy And Technology Symposium, 2019: Selected Conference Proceedings, University of Nebraska Online, University of Nebraska Information Technology Services 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Innovation In Pedagogy And Technology Symposium, 2019: Selected Conference Proceedings, University Of Nebraska Online, University Of Nebraska Information Technology Services

Zea E-Books

Advancing Technology in Education at the University of Nebraska, May 7, 2019

Welcome Address • Susan Fritz, Ph.D., Executive Vice President and Provost, University of Nebraska 6

Opening Remarks • Mary Niemiec, Associate Vice President for Digital Education, Director of University of Nebraska Online 6

Keynote Presentation: Shaping the Next Generation of Higher Education • Bryan Alexander, Ph.D. 6

Featured Extended Presentation: Redesigning Courses & Determining Effectiveness Through Research • Tanya Joosten, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), Erin Blankenship, Ph.D. (UNL), Ella Burnham (UNL), Nate Eidem, Ph.D. (UNK), Marnie Imhoff (UNMC), Linsey Donner (UNMC), Ellie Miller (UNMC) 7

5 Ways to Utilize ...


Design Of Attack-Resilient System For Wide-Area Monitoring, Protection, And Control In Smart Grid, Vivek Kumar Singh, Manimaran Govindarasu 2020 Iowa State University

Design Of Attack-Resilient System For Wide-Area Monitoring, Protection, And Control In Smart Grid, Vivek Kumar Singh, Manimaran Govindarasu

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Can you imagine that a simple cyber-attack can turn your lights off? Do you know more than a dozen U.S. utilities have been constantly targeted through cyber-attacks within the past year? The solution - an attack-resilient grid infrastructure that can quickly detect stealthy cyber-attacks and provide an intelligent incident response to restore the normal grid condition.


Synchrophasor Based Islanding & Open Phase Fault Protection In Distribution Systems, Mansour Jalali 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Synchrophasor Based Islanding & Open Phase Fault Protection In Distribution Systems, Mansour Jalali

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

With the rapid growth of renewable energy resources, energy efficiency initiatives, electric vehicles, energy storage, etc., distribution systems are becoming more complex such that conventional protection, control, and measurement infrastructure – typically concentrated at the main substation, with little to no access to information along the feeder – cannot maintain the reliability of the system without some sort of additional protection, control and measurement functionalities. As an example, a dedicated communication channel for carrying the transfer trip signal from the substation to the Point of Common Coupling (PCC) to prevent islanding operation of alternative resources, has been a requirement for many utilities ...


Cyber-Physical Security With Rf Fingerprint Classification Through Distance Measure Extensions Of Generalized Relevance Learning Vector Quantization, Trevor J. Bihl, Todd J. Paciencia, Kenneth W. Bauer Jr., Michael A. Temple 2020 Air Force Research Laboratory

Cyber-Physical Security With Rf Fingerprint Classification Through Distance Measure Extensions Of Generalized Relevance Learning Vector Quantization, Trevor J. Bihl, Todd J. Paciencia, Kenneth W. Bauer Jr., Michael A. Temple

Faculty Publications

Radio frequency (RF) fingerprinting extracts fingerprint features from RF signals to protect against masquerade attacks by enabling reliable authentication of communication devices at the “serial number” level. Facilitating the reliable authentication of communication devices are machine learning (ML) algorithms which find meaningful statistical differences between measured data. The Generalized Relevance Learning Vector Quantization-Improved (GRLVQI) classifier is one ML algorithm which has shown efficacy for RF fingerprinting device discrimination. GRLVQI extends the Learning Vector Quantization (LVQ) family of “winner take all” classifiers that develop prototype vectors (PVs) which represent data. In LVQ algorithms, distances are computed between exemplars and PVs, and ...


A Prismatic Conformal Metasurface For Radar Cross-Section Reduction, Yajin Wang, Jianxun Su, Zengrui Li, Qingxin Guo, Jiming Song 2020 Communication University of China

A Prismatic Conformal Metasurface For Radar Cross-Section Reduction, Yajin Wang, Jianxun Su, Zengrui Li, Qingxin Guo, Jiming Song

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

A prismatic conformal metasurface, based on optimized multielement phase cancellation (OMEPC), is proposed for wideband radar cross-section (RCS) reduction. The metasurface is composed of 35 lattices located in 7 zones of a prismatic structure. The lattices in different zones are simulated under corresponding incident angles and taken into account the difference of wave path caused by the bending of the conformal structure. The interactions between multiple backscattered waves produced by the lattices are manipulated, and optimized simultaneously by the hybrid array pattern synthesis and particle swarm optimization (PSO) to achieve wideband destructive interference. The proposed metasurface can realize a 10 ...


Wireless Underground Communications In Sewer And Stormwater Overflow Monitoring: Radio Waves Through Soil And Asphalt Medium, Usman Raza, Abdul Salam 2020 Purdue University

Wireless Underground Communications In Sewer And Stormwater Overflow Monitoring: Radio Waves Through Soil And Asphalt Medium, Usman Raza, Abdul Salam

Faculty Publications

Storm drains and sanitary sewers are prone to backups and overflows due to extra amount wastewater entering the pipes. To prevent that, it is imperative to efficiently monitor the urban underground infrastructure. The combination of sensors system and wireless underground communication system can be used to realize urban underground IoT applications, e.g., storm water and wastewater overflow monitoring systems. The aim of this article is to establish a feasibility of the use of wireless underground communications techniques, and wave propagation through the subsurface soil and asphalt layers, in an underground pavement system for storm water and sewer overflow monitoring ...


Improved Estimation For Saleh Model And Predistortion Of Power Amplifiers Using 1-Db Compression Point, Haider Al Kanan, Xianzhen Yang, Fu Lo 2020 Portland State University

Improved Estimation For Saleh Model And Predistortion Of Power Amplifiers Using 1-Db Compression Point, Haider Al Kanan, Xianzhen Yang, Fu Lo

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper proposes an improved estimation approach for modelling RF power amplifiers (PAs) using the Saleh behavioural model. The proposed approach is appropriate for solid-state PA technologies. The 1-dB compression point of the PA is included in the estimation approach to improve the estimation of the Saleh coefficients. Thus, expressions are derived to describe the relationship between the parameters of the Saleh model and the manufacturing specifications of PAs: gain (G), third-order intercept point (IP3) and 1-dB compression point (P1dB). This method is a simple estimation of a memoryless amplitude-to-amplitude (AM/AM) nonlinearity to benefit RF designers evaluating ...


Design Of Subsurface Phased Array Antennas For Digital Agriculture Application, Abdul Salam 2020 Purdue University

Design Of Subsurface Phased Array Antennas For Digital Agriculture Application, Abdul Salam

Faculty Publications

With the advancement in subsurface communications technology, an overarching solution to a underground phased array antenna design for digital agriculture requires interdisciplinary research involving topics ranging from insights on the constitutive parameters of the soil medium and impact of soil moisture on the array factor to antenna measurements and subsurface communication system design. In this paper, based on the analysis of underground radio wave propagation in subsurface radio channel, a phased array antenna design is presented that uses water content information and beam steering mechanisms to improve efficiency and communication range of wireless underground communications. It is shown the subsurface ...


The Current Practices Of Changing Secure Software: An Empirical Study, Ameerah Muhsina Jamil, Lotfi ben Othmane, Altaz Valani, Moataz Abdelkhalek, Ayhan Tek 2020 Iowa State University

The Current Practices Of Changing Secure Software: An Empirical Study, Ameerah Muhsina Jamil, Lotfi Ben Othmane, Altaz Valani, Moataz Abdelkhalek, Ayhan Tek

Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Developers change the code of their software to add new features, fix bugs, or enhance its structure. Such frequent changes impact occasionally the security of the software. This paper reports a qualitative study of the practices of changing secure-software in the industry. The study involves interviews with eleven developers and security experts working on banking software, software for control systems, and software consultation companies. Through these interviews, we identified that the main security aspects are: dependency vulnerabilities, authentication and authorization, and OWASP 10 vulnerabilities. The common techniques used to assess software after code change are: code review, code analysis, testing ...


Developing A Uas-Deployable Methane Sensor Using Low-Cost Modular Open-Source Components, Gavin DeMali 2020 The University of Akron

Developing A Uas-Deployable Methane Sensor Using Low-Cost Modular Open-Source Components, Gavin Demali

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This project aimed to develop a methane sensor for deployment on an unmanned aerial system (UAS), or drone, platform. This design is centered around low cost, commercially available modular hardware components and open source software libraries. Once successfully developed, this system was deployed at the Bath Nature Preserve in Bath Township, Summit County Ohio in order to detect any potential on site fugitive methane emissions in the vicinity of the oil and gas infrastructure present. The deliverables of this project (i.e. the data collected at BNP) will be given to the land managers there to better inform future management ...


Tabletop Mechanical Tester, Jamie Dombroski, Brian English, Richard Leffler, Andrew Shirk 2020 The University of Akron

Tabletop Mechanical Tester, Jamie Dombroski, Brian English, Richard Leffler, Andrew Shirk

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The need for hands-on and face-to-face experiences in the engineering classroom is very great. The equations, principles, and concepts can all be learned, but without the visual and tactile application, these don’t always sink in or become concrete. A small-scale tensile test machine was designed, sourced, manufactured, and tested for the purpose of being applied in classroom settings to provide this experience to engineering students. Extensive research was performed concerning tensile machines on the market, the essential elements of which are the load cell, grips, crosshead, extensometer, motor, and frame. The raw materials for the frame were purchased and ...


Smart Collar, Gretchen T. Woodling, Sean Moran, Justen Bischoff, Jacob Sindelar 2020 The University of Akron

Smart Collar, Gretchen T. Woodling, Sean Moran, Justen Bischoff, Jacob Sindelar

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The Smart Collar is a universal pet tracker, designed to be small and exceedingly comfortable for any pet to wear. GPS technology is used to locate the device, allowing the user to track their pet, via a smart phone application. This application can be used to program the device, view maps of their pet’s location and history of travel. Operating primarily on Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) for data transfer, the device consumes very little power, allowing for several days of run-time per charge of the battery. Boasting no monthly service fees, The Smart Collar provides pet owner ...


Levitate, Stephen Hargreaves, Isaac Hammonds, Russel Pease, Joseph Morris 2020 Computer Engineering

Levitate, Stephen Hargreaves, Isaac Hammonds, Russel Pease, Joseph Morris

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Levitate is designed to create a healthier work environment by providing a way of entertaining a worker while not distracting them. To fulfill this task, the device needs to be interesting and self-sufficient while not being overly flashy. To complete this task, Levitate is designed so that it is able to lift a platform from rest using magnetism and that will be able to stabilize itself using electromagnets. It initiates this process by lifting the permanent magnet using servo motors. Then, the device is able to achieve stability through the use of hall sensors feeding their results to the board ...


Zips Racing Electric Can Communications, Andrew Jordan, Adam Long, Susanah Kowalewski, Rami Nehme 2020 The University of Akron

Zips Racing Electric Can Communications, Andrew Jordan, Adam Long, Susanah Kowalewski, Rami Nehme

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The CAN protocol has been a standard of electronic communication networks of automotive vehicles since the early 2000s due to its robust reliability in harsh environments. For the 2020 competition year, the Zips Racing Electric design team will be building an entirely new, fully-electric vehicle with CAN communication implemented rather than communicating via pure analog signals. Hardware and software can be utilized to read analog electrical signals from a source, such as accelerator and brake sensors, and encode them into a digital message that meets the CAN 2.0B communication protocol standard. Likewise, software can be used to extract data ...


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