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Investigation Of The Skin Effect In Alternating Currents, Matthew Liang 2018 School of Science and Technology Singapore

Investigation Of The Skin Effect In Alternating Currents, Matthew Liang

The International Student Science Fair 2018

My research is on the investigation of the skin effect in alternating currents. The skin effect is when an alternating current tends to flow on the surface of the conductor, such that the current density is highest near the surface, and decreases with greater depths in the conductor. This is due to the alternating current inducing changing magnetic fields, which in turn induces currents that oppose the original flow of current, resisting the current flowing through the centre the most. This reduces the effective cross-sectional area of the conductor and increases the resistance, causing increased power losses. This effect becomes ...


Energy Conversion System For Travelers (Ecost), Thipok Bovornratanaraks 2018 Chulalongkorn University Demonstration Secondary School

Energy Conversion System For Travelers (Ecost), Thipok Bovornratanaraks

The International Student Science Fair 2018

We have innovated “The Energy Conversion System for Travelers” or the ECoST. With the fact that most travelers have wheeled cabin-bags, whilst walking, the wheels will rotate so why don’t we harvest electricity from this kinetic energy? We thus install our innovation, the ECoST, to the bag to generate electricity from the spinning wheels. The electricity is then kept in the storage unit and ready to charge your empty battery devices in an emergency case via a USB port. To make life easy, our ECoST was designed to replicate the power bank charging method; therefore, we can charge it ...


Solar-Powered Bushfire Detection Mechanism, Aryaman Sud 2018 Queensland Academy SMT

Solar-Powered Bushfire Detection Mechanism, Aryaman Sud

The International Student Science Fair 2018

This project designed a prototype preventative measure for heat-induced disasters like bushfires and general home fires. The motivation for this project was the loss of life and property due to wildfire in rural Australia. The micro-controller will send an alert message and sound an alarm when the temperature value exceeds or equals the set temperature of . It is programmed using the programming language embedded ‘C’. Comprising of a solar panel, siren, temperature sensor and a Bluetooth module, this eco-friendly device can provide digitalised warnings to homes and farms where protection matters most.

Simplistic programming using the KEIL IDE software in ...


Solar-Powered Bushfire Detection Mechanism, Aryaman Sud 2018 Queensland Academy SMT

Solar-Powered Bushfire Detection Mechanism, Aryaman Sud

The International Student Science Fair 2018

This project designed a prototype preventative measure for heat-induced disasters like bushfires and general home fires. The motivation for this project was the loss of life and property due to wildfire in rural Australia. The micro-controller will send an alert message and sound an alarm when the temperature value exceeds or equals the set temperature of . It is programmed using the programming language embedded ‘C’. Comprising of a solar panel, siren, temperature sensor and a Bluetooth module, this eco-friendly device can provide digitalised warnings to homes and farms where protection matters most.

Simplistic programming using the KEIL IDE software in ...


Investigation Of The Skin Effect In Alternating Currents, Matthew Liang 2018 School of Science and Technology Singapore

Investigation Of The Skin Effect In Alternating Currents, Matthew Liang

The International Student Science Fair 2018

My research is on the investigation of the skin effect in alternating currents. My project is broken down into 4 sub-aims. The first aim would be, to be able to mathematically model the distribution of current in the radius of the wire, which consists of the applications of the Maxwell equation and solving zeroth order differential Bessel equations of the first kind. The next aim would be to computationally plot out the desired current readings as the depth of the wire increases from the surface, using the Matlab software. The third aim that I have would be conducting an experiment ...


Energy Conversion System For Travelers (Ecost), Thipok Bovornratanaraks 2018 Chulalongkorn University Demonstration Secondary School

Energy Conversion System For Travelers (Ecost), Thipok Bovornratanaraks

The International Student Science Fair 2018

We have innovated “The Energy Conversion System for Travelers” or the ECoST. With the fact that most travelers have wheeled cabin-bags, whilst walking, the wheels will rotate so why don’t we harvest electricity from this kinetic energy? We thus install our innovation, the ECoST, to the bag to generate electricity from the spinning wheels. The electricity is then kept in the storage unit and ready to charge your empty battery devices in an emergency case via a USB port. To make life easy, our ECoST was designed to replicate the power bank charging method; therefore, we can charge it ...


Collision Avoidance Smartphone, Aaron Parisi, Luis Wong, Joey Schnecker, Matt Columbres 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Collision Avoidance Smartphone, Aaron Parisi, Luis Wong, Joey Schnecker, Matt Columbres

Electrical Engineering

There are many instances in day-to-day life where people cannot or would rather not pay full attention to their surroundings. Walking while preoccupied with a smartphone or walking while blind are excellent examples where technology could be used to make the task of avoiding 2collisions reactive, instead of proactive. A device which monitors a user’s surroundings and notifies the user when a potential collision is detected (and, additionally, notifying them as to where the obstacle is with respect to them) could be used to make walking distracted less of a hazard for the user and those around the user ...


Versatile Usb Powered Turntable, Kyle P. McCarry 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Versatile Usb Powered Turntable, Kyle P. Mccarry

Electrical Engineering

People enjoy vinyl music’s warm sound, user participation, and nostalgic feel, but the large physical size and seemingly immobile system requirements prevent vinyl turntables branching into digital music dominated realms. USB ports power many important everyday devices. A USB powered turntable increases record player adaptability, versatility, and portability thus expanding usable turntable scenarios. The manual turntable plays seven to twelve-inch vinyl at 33 1/3 or 45 rpm. It includes a stylus, magnetic phono cartridge, tonearm, 45-rpm adapter, motor, audio output, and several setting switches and knob for easy use.


Smart Espresso Machine, Justin L'Heureux, Hasham Ali, Hayden Yeung, Pei Hang Zhang 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Smart Espresso Machine, Justin L'Heureux, Hasham Ali, Hayden Yeung, Pei Hang Zhang

Electrical Engineering

With the recent “Internet of Things” trend, more and more home devices are connected to the Internet. Smart light bulbs, smart thermostats, smart door locks; just to name a few. These smart appliances enable users to view their status and control their settings remotely with just a few clicks on the smartphone. Moreover, the arrival of intelligent personal voice assistants such as Amazon Alexa revolutionized how users interact with these smart appliances. Nowadays, users are able to control these devices by just speaking.

If controlling smart devices is so easy, why not have your morning cup of joe be that ...


Development Of Carbon Fiber-Modified Electrically Conductive Concrete For Implementation In Des Moines International Airport, Alireza Sassani, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Ali Arabzadeh, Peter C. Taylor, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan 2018 Iowa State University

Development Of Carbon Fiber-Modified Electrically Conductive Concrete For Implementation In Des Moines International Airport, Alireza Sassani, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Ali Arabzadeh, Peter C. Taylor, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

This paper reports on the procedures of mix design preparation, production, placement, and performance evaluation of the first electrically conductive concrete (ECON) heated-pavement system (HPS) implemented at a U.S. airport. While ECON has drawn considerable attention as a paving material for multi-functional pavements, including HPS, the majority of ECON HPS applications and studies have been limited to laboratory scale or include materials/methods that do not conform to regulations enforced by airfield construction practices. Carbon fiber-reinforced ECON provides a promising prospective for application in airfield pavements. In this study, ECON mixtures were prepared in the laboratory using varying cementitious ...


Applications Of Artificial Intelligence In Power Systems, Samin Rastgoufard 2018 srastgou

Applications Of Artificial Intelligence In Power Systems, Samin Rastgoufard

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Artificial intelligence tools, which are fast, robust and adaptive can overcome the drawbacks of traditional solutions for several power systems problems. In this work, applications of AI techniques have been studied for solving two important problems in power systems.

The first problem is static security evaluation (SSE). The objective of SSE is to identify the contingencies in planning and operations of power systems. Numerical conventional solutions are time-consuming, computationally expensive, and are not suitable for online applications. SSE may be considered as a binary-classification, multi-classification or regression problem. In this work, multi-support vector machine is combined with several evolutionary computation ...


High Consequence Scenarios For North Korean Atmospheric Nuclear Tests With Policy Recommendations For The U.S. Government, Thomas S. Popik, Jordan T. Kearns, George H. Baker III, Henry F. Cooper, William R. Harris 2018 James Madison University

High Consequence Scenarios For North Korean Atmospheric Nuclear Tests With Policy Recommendations For The U.S. Government, Thomas S. Popik, Jordan T. Kearns, George H. Baker Iii, Henry F. Cooper, William R. Harris

George H Baker

The government of North Korea has declared high-altitude EMP-capability to be a “strategic goal” and has also threatened an atmospheric test of a hydrogen bomb. Atmospheric nuclear tests have the potential to cripple satellites and the undersea cable networks critical to communication, and navigation necessary for trans-Pacific trade among the U.S., China, and other nations. When a nuclear warhead is detonated at high altitude, a series of electromagnetic pulses radiate downward within the line of sight of the blast. These pulses can disable equipment with miniature electronics and long conductors. Electric grid controls and transmission systems are especially vulnerable ...


Device Characterization Of Solar Inverters, Katelyn Alexandria Bolinsky 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Device Characterization Of Solar Inverters, Katelyn Alexandria Bolinsky

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Solar energy is one of the most significant research thrusts in the modern era. Solar inverters are devices used to convert the DC energy of sunlight into AC energy that can be used on the power grid. Typically, they contain silicon; however, new substances such as silicon carbide and gallium nitride are being tested. These materials could increase the efficiency of solar energy, decrease the overall cost, and are potentially more durable than silicon. In order to determine if these new substances can actually benefit the solar industry, they need to be characterized for different attributes with different parameters. As ...


Voltage-Controlled Deposition Of Nanoparticles For Next Generation Electronic Materials, Subhodip Maulik 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Voltage-Controlled Deposition Of Nanoparticles For Next Generation Electronic Materials, Subhodip Maulik

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This work presents both a feasibility study and an investigation into the voltage-controlled spray deposition of different nanoparticles, namely, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), as well as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and tungsten disulfide (WS2) from the transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) family of materials. The study considers five different types of substrates as per their potential application to next-generation device electronics. The substrates selected for this research were: 1) aluminum as a conducting substrate, 2) silicon as a semiconducting substrate, 3) glass, silicon dioxide (SiO2), and syndiotactic poly methyl methacrylate (syndiotactic PMMA) as insulating substrates.

Since the 1990’s, carbon ...


Functional Electrical Stimulation Of Peripheral Nerve Tissue Via Regenerative Sieve Microelectrodes, Matthew Reagan Macewan 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Functional Electrical Stimulation Of Peripheral Nerve Tissue Via Regenerative Sieve Microelectrodes, Matthew Reagan Macewan

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Functional electrical stimulation (FES) of peripheral nervous tissue offers a promising method for restoring motor function in patients suffering from complex neurological injuries. However, existing microelectrodes designed to stimulate peripheral nerve are unable to provide the type of stable, selective interface required to achieve near-physiologic control of peripheral motor axons and distal musculature. Regenerative sieve electrodes offer a unique alternative to such devices, achieving a highly stable, selective electrical interface with independent groups of regenerated nerve fibers integrated into the electrode. Yet, the capability of sieve electrodes to functionally recruit regenerated motor axons for the purpose of muscle activation remains ...


Designing An Automated Material Handler For Agricultural Warehouse Applications, Brendan Taedter, Mark Fenn 2018 University of Wyoming

Designing An Automated Material Handler For Agricultural Warehouse Applications, Brendan Taedter, Mark Fenn

Honors Theses AY 17/18

Plenty Unlimited farms are contained within 100,000 square foot warehouses which require a substantial amount of goods transportation. Currently, these goods are primarily transported by humans. In order to optimize labor efficiency within the warehouse, remedial tasks such as manually carrying goods should be conducted autonomously. This investigation aims to address the issue of automating the task of carrying goods. Automated material handlers for warehouses already exist; however, these handlers are very expensive and are riddled with non-essential functionality. The material handler design proposed by the senior design team and Plenty Unlimited engineers is a line-following, multi-directional robot capable ...


Digital Enhancement Of Analog Measurement Systems For Temperature Compensation Of Strain Gages, Islombek Karimov 2018 University of Texas at Tyler

Digital Enhancement Of Analog Measurement Systems For Temperature Compensation Of Strain Gages, Islombek Karimov

Electrical Engineering Theses

Generally known temperature compensation techniques for strain gages (like the use of a dummy gage or the implementation of half- and full-bridge configurations) are not applicable to all strain-measurement situations and cannot fully compensate for all sources of error. Digital Enhancement of Analog Measurement Systems presents a universal method of corrections for these effects in which temperature is measured independently of other variables and ex post facto corrections are computed and applied to digitized readings of the analog measurement system.

A single, linear-pattern strain gage, self-temperature-compensated for steel 1018, has been utilized in a quarter-bridge to measure tensile strain in ...


A Folded Cascode Operational Amplifier With Wide-Swing Current Mirrors And High Icmr, Designed With A 1.2-Micron Silicon-Carbide Process, Austin Gattis 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Folded Cascode Operational Amplifier With Wide-Swing Current Mirrors And High Icmr, Designed With A 1.2-Micron Silicon-Carbide Process, Austin Gattis

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis describes in detail the process of designing, simulating, and creating the layout for a modified folded cascode op-amp, fabricated with silicon carbide MOSFETS. The modifications consist of using a wide-swing current mirror to help deal with output voltage issues stemming from high threshold voltages in the silicon carbide process, as well as using a modification that allows for an increased input common mode range. The folded cascode op-amp uses silicon carbide transistors, as it is intended to be used for high temperature applications, ideally in the 25 C - 300 C range. It is designed to have 25 dB ...


Automatic Testing In The United States Air Force, Pearson Wade 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Automatic Testing In The United States Air Force, Pearson Wade

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The need for standardized Automatic Testing Equipment in the United States Department of Defense has brought about new policies and procedures within entities like the United States Air Force. The diversity and lifespan of systems such as jets, missiles, drones, and other electronics have brought on the need for a new system known as the Versatile Depot Automatic Test Station, or VDATS. The VDATS handles the automatic testing of replaceable digital circuits from different systems. I was introduced to this system firsthand during my time as an intern at Tinker AFB, Oklahoma. This new standardized approach to testing a diverse ...


Developing A Hil-Based Software Platform For Testing Electric And Hybrid Vehicle Powertrains, Daniel Schwartz 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Developing A Hil-Based Software Platform For Testing Electric And Hybrid Vehicle Powertrains, Daniel Schwartz

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this thesis is to present a dynamometer test stand with hardware in the loop (HIL) testing capabilities for the evaluation of electric and hybrid vehicle powertrains under realistic driving conditions. The traction inverter and dc/dc converter are two crucial subsystems of the powertrain and new prototypes require significant validation before implementing into production vehicles. As fundamental technologies such as power modules, thermal management systems, and passive components improve; the performance improvements to the overall system must be demonstrated. The plug and play nature of the testbed makes it ideal for making direct comparisons of design iterations ...


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