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Studies In Mesoscopics And Quantum Microscopies, Zhenghao Ding, Gabriel C. Spalding 2017 Illinois Wesleyan University

Studies In Mesoscopics And Quantum Microscopies, Zhenghao Ding, Gabriel C. Spalding

Honors Projects

This thesis begins with a foundational section on quantum optics. The single-photon detectors used in the first chapter were obtained through the Advanced Laboratory Physics Association (ALPhA), which brokered reduced cost for educational use, and the aim of the single-photon work presented in Chapter 1 is to develop modules for use in Illinois Wesleyan's instructional labs beyond the first year of university. Along with the American Association of Physics Teachers, ALPhA encourages capstone-level work, such as Chapter 1 of this honors thesis, which is explicitly designed to play the role of passing on, to a next generation of physics ...


Development Of Intermediate Band Solar Cell Through Ingan Quantum Well Structures, Kelly McKenzie 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Development Of Intermediate Band Solar Cell Through Ingan Quantum Well Structures, Kelly Mckenzie

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the search for high-efficiency solar cells, InxGa1-xN has come under scrutiny as a unique material with high potential. This is due to characteristics including an easily tunable bandgap, large range of potential bandgap values, and high heat resistance. However, one factor limiting its adaptation is the high density of crystal defects. In this thesis, the qualities of InGaN are discussed and the intermediate band solar cell structure is introduced. Additionally, the growth and characterization of two sets of InGaN-based solar cell devices are reported and evaluated.


Optimization Of Reduced Graphene Oxide Deposition For Hydrogen Sensing Technologies, Matthew Pocta 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Optimization Of Reduced Graphene Oxide Deposition For Hydrogen Sensing Technologies, Matthew Pocta

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Graphene is known to be a key material for improving the performance of hydrogen sensors. High electrical conductivity, maximum possible surface area with respect to volume, and high carrier mobility are a few of the properties that make graphene ideal for hydrogen sensing applications. The problem with utilizing graphene is the difficulty in depositing uniform, thin layers onto substrate surfaces. This study examines a new method of optimizing graphene deposition by utilizing an airbrush to deposit both graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) onto glass substrates. The number of depositions were varied among samples to study the effect ...


Compositionally Graded Indium Gallium Nitride Solar Cells, Christopher Matthews 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Compositionally Graded Indium Gallium Nitride Solar Cells, Christopher Matthews

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

For the past several decades, methods to harvest solar energy have been investigated intensively. A majority of the work done in this field has been on solar cells made with silicon – the most mature semiconductor material. Recent developments in material fabrication and processing techniques have enabled other semiconductor materials to attract practical interest and research effort as well. Indium gallium nitride (InGaN) is one such material. The material properties of InGaN indicate that solar cells made with it have the potential to achieve much higher power density than a standard silicon solar cell. High power density InGaN solar cells could ...


A Finite Element Approach To Self-Consistent Field Theory Calculations Of Multiblock Polymers, David M. Ackerman, Kris Delaney, Glenn H. Fredrickson, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian 2017 Iowa State University

A Finite Element Approach To Self-Consistent Field Theory Calculations Of Multiblock Polymers, David M. Ackerman, Kris Delaney, Glenn H. Fredrickson, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Self-consistent field theory (SCFT) has proven to be a powerful tool for modeling equilibrium microstructures of soft materials, particularly for multiblock polymers. A very successful approach to numerically solving the SCFT set of equations is based on using a spectral approach. While widely successful, this approach has limitations especially in the context of current technologically relevant applications. These limitations include non-trivial approaches for modeling complex geometries, difficulties in extending to non-periodic domains, as well as non-trivial extensions for spatial adaptivity. As a viable alternative to spectral schemes, we develop a finite element formulation of the SCFT paradigm for calculating equilibrium ...


Low-Temperature Fabrication Process For Integrated High-Aspect Ratio Metal Oxide Nanostructure Semiconductor Gas Sensors, William Paul Clavijo 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Low-Temperature Fabrication Process For Integrated High-Aspect Ratio Metal Oxide Nanostructure Semiconductor Gas Sensors, William Paul Clavijo

Theses and Dissertations

This work presents a new low-temperature fabrication process of metal oxide nanostructures that allows high-aspect ratio zinc oxide (ZnO) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanowires and nanotubes to be readily integrated with microelectronic devices for sensor applications. This process relies on a new method of forming a close-packed array of self-assembled high-aspect-ratio nanopores in an anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) template in a thin (2.5 µm) aluminum film deposited on a silicon and lithium niobate substrate (LiNbO3). This technique is in sharp contrast to traditional free-standing thick film methods and the use of an integrated thin aluminum film greatly ...


Rapid And Label-Free Detection Of Interferon Gamma Via An Electrochemical Aptasensor Comprising A Ternary Surface Monolayer On A Gold Interdigitated Electrode Array, Shaowei Ding, Curtis L. Mosher, Xian Y. Lee, Suprem R. Das, Allison A. Cargill, Xiaohui Tang, Bolin Chen, Eric S. McLamore, Carmen Gomes, Jesse M. Hostetter, Jonathan C. Claussen 2017 Iowa State University

Rapid And Label-Free Detection Of Interferon Gamma Via An Electrochemical Aptasensor Comprising A Ternary Surface Monolayer On A Gold Interdigitated Electrode Array, Shaowei Ding, Curtis L. Mosher, Xian Y. Lee, Suprem R. Das, Allison A. Cargill, Xiaohui Tang, Bolin Chen, Eric S. Mclamore, Carmen Gomes, Jesse M. Hostetter, Jonathan C. Claussen

Mechanical Engineering Publications

A label-free electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) aptasensor for rapid detection (<35 min) of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) was fabricated by immobilizing a RNA aptamer capture probe (ACP), selective to IFN-γ, on a gold interdigitated electrode array (Au IDE). The ACP was modified with a thiol group at the 5′ terminal end and subsequently co-immobilized with 1,6-hexanedithiol (HDT) and 6-mercapto-1-hexanolphosphate (MCH) to the gold surface through thiol–gold interactions. This ACP/HDT-MCH ternary surface monolayer facilitates efficient hybridization with IFN-γ and displays high resistance to nonspecific adsorption of nontarget proteins [i.e., fetal bovine serum (FBS) and bovine serum albumin (BSA)]. The Au IDE functionalized with ACP/HDT-MCH was able to measure IFN-γ in actual FBS solution with a linear sensing range from 22.22 pM to 0.11 nM (1–5 ng/mL) and a detection limit of 11.56 pM. The ability to rapidly sense IFN-γ within this sensing range makes the developed electrochemical platform conducive toward in-field disease detection of a variety of diseases including paratuberculosis (i.e., Johne’s Disease). Furthermore, experimental results were numerically validated with an equivalent circuit model that elucidated the effects of the sensing process and the influence of the immobilized ternary monolayer on signal output. This is the first time that ternary surface monolayers have been used to selectively capture/detect IFN-γ on Au IDEs.


Dynamic Characterization Of A Soft Elastomeric Capacitor For Structural Health Monitoring, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini, Hussam Saleem, Antonella D'Alessandro, Austin R.J. Downey, Halil Ceylan, Annibale L. Materazzi 2016 Iowa State University

Dynamic Characterization Of A Soft Elastomeric Capacitor For Structural Health Monitoring, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini, Hussam Saleem, Antonella D'Alessandro, Austin R.J. Downey, Halil Ceylan, Annibale L. Materazzi

Simon Laflamme

Structural health monitoring of civil infrastructures is a difficult task, often impeded by the geometrical size of the monitored systems. Recent advances in conducting polymers enabled the fabrication of flexible sensors capable of covering large areas, a possible solution to the monitoring challenge of mesoscale systems. The authors have previously proposed a novel sensor consisting of a soft elastomeric capacitor (SEC) acting as a strain gauge. Arranged in a network configuration, the SECs have the potential to cover very large surfaces. In this paper, understanding of the proposed sensor is furthered by evaluating its performance at vibration-based monitoring of large-scale ...


Strategies And Techniques For Fabricating Mems Bistable Thermal Actuators., Dilan Ratnayake 2016 University of Louisville

Strategies And Techniques For Fabricating Mems Bistable Thermal Actuators., Dilan Ratnayake

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Bistable elements are beginning to appear in the field of MEMS as they allow engineers to design sensors and actuators which require no electrical power and possess mechanical memory. This research focuses on the development of novel strategies and techniques for fabricating MEMS bistable structures to serve as no electrical power thermal actuators. Two parallel strategies were explored for the design and fabrication of the critical bistable element. Both strategies involved an extensive material study on candidate thin film materials to determine their temperature coefficient of expansion and as-deposited internal stress properties. Materials investigated included titanium tungsten, Invar, silicon nitride ...


A Multi-Channel 3d-Printed Bioreactor For Evaluation Of Growth And Production In The Microalga Dunaliella Sp, Cristian A. Cox 2016 University of Maine

A Multi-Channel 3d-Printed Bioreactor For Evaluation Of Growth And Production In The Microalga Dunaliella Sp, Cristian A. Cox

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

We explored the capabilities of additive manufacturing using a photo-cured jetted material 3D printer to manufacture a milli-microfluidic device with direct application in microalgae Dunaliella sp growth and intracellular compounds biosynthesis tests. A continuous microbioreactor for microalgae culture was CAD designed and successfully built in 1 hour and 49 minutes using black photopolymer cured by UV and a support material. The microreactor was made up of 2 parts including the bioreactor itself and a microchannel network for culture media fluids and microalgae. Both parts were assembled to form a single unit. Additional optical and auxiliar components were added. An external ...


Nanostructured Morphologies In Glassy Polymer Networks, Brian Greenhoe 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Nanostructured Morphologies In Glassy Polymer Networks, Brian Greenhoe

Dissertations

The body of this work describes a novel approach for the dispersion of multi-walled carbon nanotubes in a high Tg epoxy prepolymer matrix using a twin screw high-shear continuous reactor. The method demonstrated improves on previous dispersion methods in several ways. It offers increased efficiency through excellent heat transfer, while being solvent-less, scale-able, and tailorable to drive dispersion states to judiciously chosen dispersion states. Furthermore, it was shown that dispersion state and agglomerate morphology can be directed, in several ways, through processing conditions and also by controlling the matrix viscosity profile through cure. Broadband dielectric spectroscopy, optical hot-stage microscopy ...


Fabrication Of Infrared Photodetectors Utilizing Lead Selenide Nanocrystals, Justin Anthony Hill 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Fabrication Of Infrared Photodetectors Utilizing Lead Selenide Nanocrystals, Justin Anthony Hill

Theses and Dissertations

Colloidal lead selenide and lead selenide / lead sulfide core/shell nanocrystals were grown using a wet chemical synthesis procedure. Absorbance and photoluminescence measurements were made to verify the quality of the produced nanocrystals. Absorbance spectra were measured at room temperature, while photoluminescence spectra were measured at 77 K. Organic ligands were exchanged for shorter ligands in order to increase the conductivity of the nanocrystals. Absorption and PL spectra for both core and core/shell nanocrystals were compared. Interdigital photodetector devices with varying channel widths were fabricated by depositing gold onto a glass substrate. Lead selenide nanocrystals were deposited onto these ...


Dispersion Of Particles In Liquid Metal Using Contactless Electromagnetic Stirring, Koulis A. Pericleous, Valdis Bojarevics, Georgi S. Djambazov 2016 University of Greenwich

Dispersion Of Particles In Liquid Metal Using Contactless Electromagnetic Stirring, Koulis A. Pericleous, Valdis Bojarevics, Georgi S. Djambazov

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Wearable Piezotronic Devices For Heart Rate Monitoring, Adam J. Miller, Wenzhuo Wu Dr. 2016 Purdue University

Wearable Piezotronic Devices For Heart Rate Monitoring, Adam J. Miller, Wenzhuo Wu Dr.

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Self-powered multifunctional wearable devices that are capable of human-device interfacing are highly desired. Piezotronic devices utilize piezoelectricity and semiconductor properties to enable devices to have seamless interaction between human and device. One important use for piezotronic devices is for pressure sensing. Pressure sensing devices have been employed in smart skins, biomonitoring, gesture recognition, and many more applications. This study aims to create a flexible piezotronic device, specifically for use in pressure sensing to monitor heart rate. ZnO nanowires are grown on a flexible polymer substrate so that they can be made into wearable devices. A p-n heterojunction is formed by ...


Reward Modulated Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity Based Learning Mechanism In Spiking Neural Networks, Shrihari Sridharan, Gopalakrishnan Srinivasan, Kaushik Roy 2016 Purdue University

Reward Modulated Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity Based Learning Mechanism In Spiking Neural Networks, Shrihari Sridharan, Gopalakrishnan Srinivasan, Kaushik Roy

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs) are one of the recent advances in machine learning that aim to further emulate the computations performed in the human brain. The efficiency of such networks stems from the fact that information is encoded as spikes, which is a paradigm shift from the computing model of the traditional neural networks. Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity (STDP), wherein the synaptic weights interconnecting the neurons are modulated based on a pair of pre- and post-synaptic spikes is widely used to achieve synaptic learning. The learning mechanism is extremely sensitive to the parameters governing the neuron dynamics, the extent of ...


Atomistic Configuration Interaction Simulation Tool For Semiconductor Based Quantum Computing Devices, Jingbo Wu, Archana Tankasala, Jim Fonseca, Rajib Rahman, Gerhard Klimeck 2016 Purdue University

Atomistic Configuration Interaction Simulation Tool For Semiconductor Based Quantum Computing Devices, Jingbo Wu, Archana Tankasala, Jim Fonseca, Rajib Rahman, Gerhard Klimeck

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Solid-state devices are promising candidates for quantum computing applications due to obvious advantages in compatibility with semiconductor fabrication technologies and the extremely long coherent times of electron and nuclear spins in these devices. In such devices, electron interactions are crucial for single and two qubit gate operations. Thus it is essential to evaluate these electron-electron interactions accurately for precise qubit control. It is shown that Atomistic Configuration Interaction can be used to accurately determine electron-electron interactions in realistic semiconductor quantum computing devices. In this work, an online simulation tool on Atomistic Configuration Interaction has been implemented and published on nanoHUB ...


Mechanical Reliability Of Implantable Polyimide-Based Magnetic Microactuators For Biofouling Removal, Christian G. Figueroa-Espada, Qi Yang, Hyowon Lee 2016 University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez

Mechanical Reliability Of Implantable Polyimide-Based Magnetic Microactuators For Biofouling Removal, Christian G. Figueroa-Espada, Qi Yang, Hyowon Lee

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Hydrocephalus is a neurological disorder that typically requires a long-term implantation of a shunt system to manage its symptoms. These shunt systems are notorious for their extremely high failure rate. More than 40% of all implanted shunt systems fail within the first year of implantation. On average, 85% of all hydrocephalus patients with shunt systems undergo at least two shunt-revision surgeries within 10 years of implantation. A large portion of this high failure rate can be attributed to biofouling-related obstructions and infections. Previously, we developed flexible polyimide-based magnetic microactuators to remove obstructions formed on hydrocephalus shunts. To test the long-term ...


Investigation Of Cnt-Induced Escherichia Coli Lysis And Protein Release, Abdollah Mosleh 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Investigation Of Cnt-Induced Escherichia Coli Lysis And Protein Release, Abdollah Mosleh

Theses and Dissertations

This research investigated the use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as a treatment to increase the permeability of a bacterial cell wall. Recombinant Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) containing a plasmid that expressed Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) and -lactamase were exposed to CNTs under various levels of agitation for different times. Fluorescence assay for GFP, optical absorbance for -lactamase activity, and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) were used to determine the amount of released protein, and visually examine the permeability enhancement of the cells, respectively. It was found that more -lactamase was present in the culture fluid after treatment with CNTs in a ...


Spin Curves For Microchem S1800 (1805, 1813, 1818) Series Positive Resist, Mohsen Azadi, Gerald G. Lopez 2016 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Spin Curves For Microchem S1800 (1805, 1813, 1818) Series Positive Resist, Mohsen Azadi, Gerald G. Lopez

Tool Data

Spin curves for MicroChem's S1805, S1813, and S1818 were generated and mapped using the Filmetrics F50. Statistical measurements were performed (N=85) and are reported here.


Nanofabrication And Spectroscopy Of Magnetic Nanostructures Using A Focused Ion Beam, Ali Hadjikhani 2016 FIU

Nanofabrication And Spectroscopy Of Magnetic Nanostructures Using A Focused Ion Beam, Ali Hadjikhani

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This research used a focused ion beam in order to fabricate record small nano-magnetic structures, investigate the properties of magnetic materials in the rarely studied range of nanometer size, and exploit their extraordinary characteristics in medicine and nano-electronics. This study consists of two parts: (i) Fabrication and study of record small magnetic tunnel junctions (ii) Introduction of a novel method for detection of magnetoelectric nanoparticles (MENs) in the tissue.

A key challenge in further scaling of CMOS devices is being able to perform non-volatile logic with near zero power consumption. Sub-10-nm nanomagnetic spin transfer torque (STT) magnetic tunneling junctions (MTJs ...


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