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Portable Solar Generator For Deployment In Africa, Zachary Chase Cootes, Vivian Mac, Simon Patrick Krauter, Matthew Albert Oatman, Wei(Raymond) Feng Zeng 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Portable Solar Generator For Deployment In Africa, Zachary Chase Cootes, Vivian Mac, Simon Patrick Krauter, Matthew Albert Oatman, Wei(Raymond) Feng Zeng

Mechanical Engineering

No abstract provided.


Investigating Efficiency Of Ac Direct Drive Of Led Lighting, Miles Davis Head 2018 Cal Poly San Luis Obispo

Investigating Efficiency Of Ac Direct Drive Of Led Lighting, Miles Davis Head

Electrical Engineering

This project explores the rapidly-expanding area of AC direct drive for LED lighting. AC LED driving does not use typical DC-DC converter-based driving but uses semiconductor switches and a linear regulator to activate a number of LEDs proportional to the input voltage at any given time. This allows bulky, expensive magnetics to be eliminated from the system. The goal of this project was to develop a flexible simulation of a common AC LED system to find areas of significant power loss and attempt to improve them. This allows future versions of an AC LED system to start with major loss ...


Perovskite Solar Cells Fabricated Via Scalable Dip Coating Methods, Joseph F. Iannello 2018 Rowan University

Perovskite Solar Cells Fabricated Via Scalable Dip Coating Methods, Joseph F. Iannello

Theses and Dissertations

Perovskite solar cells present the possibility for less expensive electricity generation, through the use of low cost materials and fabrication methods relative to current silicon-based technology. Many current methods of fabricating thin film perovskite solar cells focus on spin-coating, which inherently lacks scalability due to particle conglomeration, poor uniformity over a larger area, and safety concerns. Dip-coating, an alternative to spin-coating, which is explored here addresses these issues which limit scalability. Each individual layer can be separately synthesized, deposited, and characterized, which leads towards scalability. Choosing only the best results from each independent layer allowed progress to the creation of ...


Applications Of Artificial Intelligence In Power Systems, Samin Rastgoufard 2018 srastgou

Applications Of Artificial Intelligence In Power Systems, Samin Rastgoufard

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Artificial intelligence tools, which are fast, robust and adaptive can overcome the drawbacks of traditional solutions for several power systems problems. In this work, applications of AI techniques have been studied for solving two important problems in power systems.

The first problem is static security evaluation (SSE). The objective of SSE is to identify the contingencies in planning and operations of power systems. Numerical conventional solutions are time-consuming, computationally expensive, and are not suitable for online applications. SSE may be considered as a binary-classification, multi-classification or regression problem. In this work, multi-support vector machine is combined with several evolutionary computation ...


Device Characterization Of Solar Inverters, Katelyn Alexandria Bolinsky 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Device Characterization Of Solar Inverters, Katelyn Alexandria Bolinsky

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Solar energy is one of the most significant research thrusts in the modern era. Solar inverters are devices used to convert the DC energy of sunlight into AC energy that can be used on the power grid. Typically, they contain silicon; however, new substances such as silicon carbide and gallium nitride are being tested. These materials could increase the efficiency of solar energy, decrease the overall cost, and are potentially more durable than silicon. In order to determine if these new substances can actually benefit the solar industry, they need to be characterized for different attributes with different parameters. As ...


Tolerance Sensitivity Analysis And Robust Optimal Design Method Of A Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Motor By Using A Hybrid Response Surface Method Considering Manufacturing Tolerances, Cha-Seung Jun, Byung-Il Kwon, Ohbong Kwon 2018 LG Electronics Inc.

Tolerance Sensitivity Analysis And Robust Optimal Design Method Of A Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Motor By Using A Hybrid Response Surface Method Considering Manufacturing Tolerances, Cha-Seung Jun, Byung-Il Kwon, Ohbong Kwon

Publications and Research

This paper presents a robust optimal design method using a hybrid response surface method (H-RSM) which directly finds an optimal point satisfying a target Z-value or a probability of failure. Through three steps, this paper achieves the goal that is to increase the open-circuit airgap flux (OCAF) in a surface-mounted permanent magnet motor and decrease its variation caused by variations of the airgap lengths including an additional one between permanent magnets and rotor back yoke. First, the OCAF equation is derived from the magnetic equivalent circuit (MEC) considering the additional airgap. Then, the equation is validated by comparing its results ...


Scada And Plc Systems Configuration For The Ncrept Test Facility, Arman Ahmed 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Scada And Plc Systems Configuration For The Ncrept Test Facility, Arman Ahmed

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis details the project to update the control and interface system of the National Center for Reliable Electric Power Transmission (NCREPT) testing facility. The need for this project arose from the 2017-2018 expansion of the facility, which included some modifications in the layout of electrical equipment used for testing purposes. These modifications necessitated the update of the control and interface system. Additionally, the old system was implemented a decade ago and is nearing obsolescence, so the facility’s expansion served as an opportune time for an upgrade.

There were two main parts to the scope of this project, which ...


Lithium And The Foreseeable Future, Paolo Vargas 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Lithium And The Foreseeable Future, Paolo Vargas

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper aims to clarify the uncertainties regarding worldwide lithium resource availability in the years to come. Previous studies made on the subject are presented with some ambiguity and this work intends to fill the gaps. The information and data presented throughout this script with respect to global lithium resources and reserves are mostly based on data released by the United States Geological Survey (USGS). Lithium resource availability in the future is a point of paramount significance primarily for the automotive, portable electronics, and the power generation industry. Since, a change of supply would ultimately affect the price of lithium ...


Comparison Of Data Transfer Alternatives In Asynchronous Circuits, Mark Howard 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Comparison Of Data Transfer Alternatives In Asynchronous Circuits, Mark Howard

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Digital integrated circuits (ICs) have become progressively complex in their functionality. This has sped up the demand for asynchronous architectures, which operate without any clocking scheme, considering new challenges in the timing of synchronous systems. Asynchronous ICs have less stringent environmental constraints and are capable of maintaining reliable operation in extreme environments, while also enjoying potential benefits such as low power consumption, high modularity, and improved performance. However, when the traditional bus architecture of synchronous systems is applied to asynchronous designs, handshaking protocols required for asynchronous circuit operation result in significantly increased power consumption, offsetting the low power benefit of ...


Gating Methods For High-Voltage Silicon Carbide Power Mosfets, Audrey Dearien 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Gating Methods For High-Voltage Silicon Carbide Power Mosfets, Audrey Dearien

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this thesis is to assess the challenges associated with driving Silicon Carbide (SiC) power devices, and to compare the potential gate drive methods for these devices which address those challenges. SiC power devices present many benefits that make them suitable for next generation automotive, power utility grid, and energy management applications. High efficiency, increased power density, and reliability at high-temperatures are some of the main benefits of SiC technology. However, the many challenges associated with these devices have prevented their adoption into industry applications. The argument is made in this thesis that the gate driver is a ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of Graphene Based 2d Materials For Supercapacitors, Anishkumar Manoharan 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Fabrication And Characterization Of Graphene Based 2d Materials For Supercapacitors, Anishkumar Manoharan

Theses and Dissertations

Supercapacitors have attracted a lot attention due to their efficient energy storage. In comparison to batteries, supercapacitors have high capacitance, energy, and power densities per unit mass than conventional capacitors. Carbon based materials are most promising in supercapacitor application due to their outstanding physical and electrochemical behavior. In this work, a facile method to synthesize a nanocomposite electrode consisting of annealed carbon from carbon ink and MoS2 was demonstrated. Effects of various aqueous and solid electrolytes were studied. It was found that the nanocomposite electrode with 10% MoS2 and 1M Na2SO4 as the aqueous electrolyte tested using the three electrode ...


Advanced Modeling, Design, And Control Of Ac-Dc Microgrids, Hossein Saberi khorzoughi 2018 Louisiana State University

Advanced Modeling, Design, And Control Of Ac-Dc Microgrids, Hossein Saberi Khorzoughi

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

An interconnected dc grid that comprises resistive and constant-power loads (CPLs) that is fed by Photovoltaic (PV) units is studied first. All the sources and CPLs are connected to the grid via dc-dc buck converters. Nonlinear behavior of PV units in addition to the effect of the negative-resistance CPLs can destabilize the dc grid. A decentralized nonlinear model and control are proposed where an adaptive output-feedback controller is employed to stabilize the dc grid with assured stability through Lyapunov stability method while each converter employs only local measurements. Adaptive Neural Networks (NNs) are utilized to overcome the unknown dynamics of ...


New Method Of Nickel Oxide As Hole Transport Layer And Characteristics Of Nickel Oxide Based Perovskite Solar Cell, Loi Nguyen 2018 Old Dominion University

New Method Of Nickel Oxide As Hole Transport Layer And Characteristics Of Nickel Oxide Based Perovskite Solar Cell, Loi Nguyen

Electrical & Computer Engineering Theses & Disssertations

For perovskite solar cells, poly (2,3-dihydrothieno-1, 4-dioxin)-poly (styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is a common hole transport layer. However, PEDOT:PSS has a lot of drawbacks, such as irregular quality from distributors, poor electron blocker, and hygroscopic nature. On the other hand, NiOx has been reported that it can provide good stability and carrier mobility. From literature, NiOx was used to replace PEDOT:PSS as a hole transport layer with positive results since it is transparent as a thin film and also possesses compatible work function in perovskite solar cell bandgap alignment. In depositing NiOx as a thin film, many ...


Developing A 1-Megawatt Photovoltaic Power Plant For Liberty University, Andrew Knudsen 2018 Liberty University

Developing A 1-Megawatt Photovoltaic Power Plant For Liberty University, Andrew Knudsen

Senior Honors Theses

A photovoltaic power plant with a generation capacity of 1-megawatt is designed for Liberty University. Liberty University’s location and size are stated to provide context for the design. Design choices are presented, first with general information that is applicable to any photovoltaic plant design, then with significant factors that impact this design. Specific models of solar panels and inverters are selected after the necessary classifications are determined. The final design has 2,880 solar panels with a fixed angle 30⁰ above the horizon, has two central inverters, and takes up 2.57 acres. Future research is suggested for finances ...


Investigation Of Microfluidic Kelvin Water Dropper And Its Applications In Contact And Contactless Electrowetting, Elias Yazdanshenas 2018 Old Dominion University

Investigation Of Microfluidic Kelvin Water Dropper And Its Applications In Contact And Contactless Electrowetting, Elias Yazdanshenas

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

A typical Kelvin water dropper is a device that can convert gravitational potential energy to a high voltage electrostatic. This device consists of two inductors, two collectors, tubes, and electrical connections. A Kelvin water dropper is able to generate extremely high voltage by separating ions using two positive feedback loops. A Kelvin water dropper provides a low cost solution for the applications in which high voltage is needed. In the present research, low cost Microfluidic Kelvin Water Droppers (MKWDs) were developed and built in house for electrowetting applications. Two MKWDs with different tube inner diameters (254 and 508 μm) were ...


Transactive Energy Design For Integrated Transmission And Distribution Systems, Hieu Trung Nguyen, Swathi Battula, Rohit Reddy Takkala, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion 2018 Iowa State University

Transactive Energy Design For Integrated Transmission And Distribution Systems, Hieu Trung Nguyen, Swathi Battula, Rohit Reddy Takkala, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers

The increasing deployment of distributed energy resources (DERs) is disrupting every aspect of power system operations, from retail distribution to wholesale production and transmission. This paper reports on the development of an agentbased test system enabling the study of new transactive energy system (TES) designs to ensure the reliable efficient operation of integrated transmission and distribution (ITD) systems with growing DER penetration. This ITD test system is used to explore the ability of a non-profit Distribution System Operator (DSO), participating within an ITD system, to use an innovative TES design to manage the power usage of DER devices in accordance ...


A High Gain Dc-Dc Full-Bridge Converter, Prashanth Prabhu 2018 The University of Western Ontario

A High Gain Dc-Dc Full-Bridge Converter, Prashanth Prabhu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

High gain DC-DC converters have become increasingly popular in recent years as there is greater need to interface low voltage DC sources such as solar cells and batteries with much higher voltage DC buses. A new high gain DC-DC converter with high gain, galvanic isolation and an integrated passive snubber network is proposed in the thesis. In the thesis, the general operation of the converter is discussed, its modes of operation are explained and its features are reviewed. The design of the converter is then discussed and a set of general guidelines that can be used in the design are ...


Ball Oscillating Bouncer, Eric Blok, Daniel Altemese, Ryan Nowacki, Maram Qurban 2018 The University of Akron

Ball Oscillating Bouncer, Eric Blok, Daniel Altemese, Ryan Nowacki, Maram Qurban

Honors Research Projects

The purpose of this report is to document the need, objectives, marketing and engineering requirements, as well as validate the design of an autonomous control device capable of continuously bouncing a table tennis ball on a paddle. This includes the design of a self correcting system using lightweight materials, and as few sensors and components as possible to achieve a compact, portable design. To accomplish this, the system is designed to react to a ball falling from as short a distance as 10 centimeters above the paddle, meaning all sensor processing, control processing, and motor drives should be able to ...


Design Of Shape-Conforming Nosecone For Optimal Fluid Flow From Transonic To Supersonic Range, Anna Tombazzi 2018 The University of Akron

Design Of Shape-Conforming Nosecone For Optimal Fluid Flow From Transonic To Supersonic Range, Anna Tombazzi

Honors Research Projects

Modern flight vehicles, such as rockets, missiles, and airplanes, experience a force caused by forebody wave drag during the flight. This drag force is induced when the frontal point of each vehicle breaks the pressure wave during flight. Efforts to reduce this wave drag force to improve flight efficiency include modifying the nosecone profile of the flight vehicles to lower the drag force.

This project revolved around creating a design to make the transformation of nosecone shapes from a ¾ Parabolic profile to a ½ Power Series profile possible, mid-flight. Using a novel nosecone assembly, shape memory alloys (SMAs) and ...


Towards Incorporating Protection And Uncertainty Into Cascading Failure Simulation And Analysis, Ian Dobson, Alexander Flueck, Electrocon International, Inc., Shrirang Abhyankar, Junjian Qi 2018 Iowa State University

Towards Incorporating Protection And Uncertainty Into Cascading Failure Simulation And Analysis, Ian Dobson, Alexander Flueck, Electrocon International, Inc., Shrirang Abhyankar, Junjian Qi

Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

We advance the state-of-the-art in cascading failure simulation through an integrated modeling of system dynamics and protection coupled with data processing that analyzes the simulation results. An enhanced version of the TS3ph-CAPE simulator is used to produce the cascading data. The cascading data is processed to produce metrics describing the cascading size and risk, and to identify critical components contributing most to the cascading risk.


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