Simulation And Fabrication Of All Oxide-Based Ito/Tio2/Cuo/Au Heterostructure For Solar Cell Applications, 2021 Missouri State University
Simulation And Fabrication Of All Oxide-Based Ito/Tio2/Cuo/Au Heterostructure For Solar Cell Applications, Sajal Islam
MSU Graduate Theses
Oxide heterostructures have drawn great attention lately, due to their environment-friendly properties and potential applications in optoelectronic devices. In this work, a simulation study of a heterojunction solar cell was performed with SCAPS (a solar cell simulator) using TiO2 as an n-type and CuO as a p-type layer. The thickness and the dopant-dependent simulations have shown that the solar cell operates at a maximum efficiency of 19.2% when the thickness of the TiO2/CuO layers is chosen 1.4µm/1.2µm compared to the 11.5% efficiency when FTO is replaced with ITO. An indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) vs ...
Roadway-Embedded Transmitters And Multi-Pad Receivers For High Power Dynamic Wireless Power Transfer, 2021 Utah State University
Roadway-Embedded Transmitters And Multi-Pad Receivers For High Power Dynamic Wireless Power Transfer, Benny J. Varghese
All Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Electric vehicles (EVs) offer considerable economic and environmental benefits to society. Despite the decreasing vehicle costs and increasing range of newer EVs, the problem of range anxiety still exists. Range anxiety, at its core, is an issue of charging speeds rather than a concern about the driving range. Dynamic wireless charging of EVs is seen as a potential solution to this issue of range anxiety. Further, wireless charging technology also helps the push towards level 5 autonomy and opens new opportunities for how an EV can be utilized.
Dynamic wireless power transfer (DWPT) systems typically require a high initial investment ...
Ac/Dc Led Light Bulb Adaptor With Internal Rechargeable Batteries, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Ac/Dc Led Light Bulb Adaptor With Internal Rechargeable Batteries, Esteban A. Rubio, Matthew R. Delaby
To make a sustainable product and provide a temporary source of lights on during emergencies, this project aims to create a small unit that can be attached to a light bulb of any variety and connect it to a socket. Within the device is a rechargeable battery that, when the device is not connected to an 120V AC, 240V AC, or 48V DC power source, will power the light for a short period of time. The battery can be charged during the standard operation of the device and can be powered by the US and EU standard outlet voltages as ...
Equivalent Electric And Heat-Pump Water Heater Models For Aggregated Community-Level Demand Response Virtual Power Plant Controls, Huangjie Gong, Tim Rooney, Oluwaseun M. Akeyo, Brian T. Branecky, Dan M. Ionel
Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications
Advanced control techniques may be used to establish a virtual power plant to regulate the operation of electric water heaters, which may be regarded as a “uni-directional battery” and a major component of a hybrid residential energy storage system. In order to estimate the potential of regulating water heaters at the aggregated level, factors including user behavior, number of water heaters, and types of water heaters must be considered. This study develops generic water heater load curves based on the data retrieved from large experimental projects for resistive electric water heaters (EWHs) and heat pump water heaters (HPWHs). A community-level ...
Lifetime And Performance Alteration Of Photovoltaic Panels, The Case Of Aerzen, Germany, 2021 Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University
Lifetime And Performance Alteration Of Photovoltaic Panels, The Case Of Aerzen, Germany, Furkan Dinçer
Dicle University Journal of Engineering
Solar energy is unlimited, flawlessly, sustainable and among of the most preferred renewable energy source. The rapid development and the increasing demand in solar energy technologies provided an increasing the production and played an important role for reducing costs. Thousands of manufacturers around the world produce solar panels however solar panels are also exposed to aging during their lifetime. This aging of the solar panel is generally expressed by the manufacturers as 10% generation performance loss in 10 years and 20% in 25 years. However, solar panel technology is not a very old technology and these statements on aging are ...
Improving The Power Outage Resilience Of Buildings With Solar Pv Through The Use Of Battery Systems And Ev Energy Storage, Huangjie Gong, Dan M. Ionel
Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications
Buildings with solar photovoltaic (PV) generation and a stationary battery energy storage system (BESS) may self-sustain an uninterrupted full-level electricity supply during power outages. The duration of off-grid operation is dependent on the time of the power fault and the capabilities of the home energy management system (HEMS). In this paper, building resilience is quantified by analyzing the self-sustainment duration for all possible power outages throughout an entire year. An evaluation method is proposed and exercised on a reference house in California climate zone 9 for which the detailed electricity usage is simulated using the EnergyPlus software. The influence of ...
Zip Load Modeling For Single And Aggregate Loads And Cvr Factor Estimation, 2021 university of Kentucky
Zip Load Modeling For Single And Aggregate Loads And Cvr Factor Estimation, Yiqi Zhang, Yuan Liao, Evan S. Jones, Nicholas Jewell, Dan M. Ionel
Electrical and Computer Engineering Presentations
ZIP load modeling has been used in various power system applications. The aggregate load modeling is common practice in utility companies. However, little research has been done on the theoretical formulation of the aggregate load. This paper formulates the aggregate ZIP load model using the single ZIP load model. The factors that may affect aggregate ZIP load estimation are studied. Common ZIP parameter estimation methods including least squares method, optimization method and neural network method have been used in this paper to estimate ZIP parameters. The case studies are based on the IEEE 13-bus and 34-bus system built in OpenDSS ...
Application Of Artificial Neural Networks To Power System State Estimation, 2021 University of Kentucky
Application Of Artificial Neural Networks To Power System State Estimation, James P. Carmichael, Yuan Liao
Electrical and Computer Engineering Presentations
State estimation function is essential for effective and timely execution of power system automation and control systems, especially in modern active distribution systems where more intermittent renewable energy systems are integrated into the grid. Distribution system state estimation faces a lot of challenges including lack of monitoring devices and possible incorrect topology information. Developing efficient state estimation for distribution systems is thus of great interest. This paper presents results on utilizing artificial neural networks for this purpose.
Artificial neural networks have been used in power distribution system state estimation. However, there is a lack of systematic analysis and study of ...
The Effect Of A Ferrite-Core Relay Vs. An Air-Core Relay On The Output Power Characteristics Of A Three-Coil Wireless Power Transfer System, Jakob L. White
University Honors Theses
The purpose of this thesis is to determine the effect of using a ferrite-core relay on the output power characteristics of a three-coil, parallel-tuned, domino-resonator wireless power transfer (WPT) system in comparison to the effect of using an air-core relay in such a system. First, a general mathematical model is presented to describe both the ferrite-core-relay system and the air-core-relay system and to calculate their output power characteristics for seven different resistive loads at each of five different distance configurations between the coils. Next, experimental results are analyzed and compared to the mathematical results to confirm model accuracy. Finally, the ...
Stability Analysis In Central America’S Power Grid, 2021 Syracuse University
Stability Analysis In Central America’S Power Grid, Sergio Sunley
English Language Institute
Finding the source of instability is key in ensuring an electric power grid proper functioning. This poster shows the results obtained from a stability analysis performed in Central America’s power grid in order to find the source of instability of that grid.
Why Indonesia Needs A New Energy Paradigm, 2021 Syracuse University
Why Indonesia Needs A New Energy Paradigm, Aditya Prasetyo
English Language Institute
The problem of Indonesia's dependence on petroleum as its main energy source can be overcome by instead using an energy mix. This study focuses on optimal utilization of other energy resources that can help to meet the demand for energy in Indonesia and help to reduce its dependence on oil, thereby preventing a future energy crises.
An Intelligent Approach To High Impedance Fault Detection, 2021 Syracuse University
An Intelligent Approach To High Impedance Fault Detection, Iniobong Abasi-Obot
English Language Institute
In this poster, High Impedance Fault (HIF) is detected in Primary Distribution Network (PDN) using an Adaptive-Neuro Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) model. The detection of HIF in PDN is quite challenging because of its characteristic features (low fault current magnitude amongst others) and its delayed or non-detection causes devastating scenarios such as electric shock, wildfire, electrocution, system malfunctioning and power outages. This poster proposes an Intelligent approach in a simulated study. Simulink toolbox in MATLAB software was used to model a typical 33kV distribution network (DN) in Nigeria and accurate detection of HIF in the DN was achieved using fault ...
Knn Based Piezo-Triboelectric Lead-Free Hybrid Energy Films, 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Knn Based Piezo-Triboelectric Lead-Free Hybrid Energy Films, Abu Masa Abdullah, Muhtasim Ul Karim Sadaf, Farzana Tasnim, Horacio Vasquez, Karen Lozano, M. Jasim Uddin
Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations
In recent times, the triboelectric and piezoelectric effects have garnered significant attention towards developing advanced material composites for energy harvesting and sensory applications. In this work, potassium sodium niobate (KNN) based energy films (EF) have been developed to utilize mechanical energy while simultaneously taking advantage of triboelectric and piezoelectric mechanisms. The KNN particles were synthesized using a wet ball milling technique and then incorporated into a polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) matrix together with addition of multi wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). The film was used to develop a piezoelectric nanogenerator (PENG) fitted with copper electrodes. The piezoelectric output of the film was ...
Model-Based And Model-Free Approaches For Power System Security Assessment, 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Model-Based And Model-Free Approaches For Power System Security Assessment, Mariana Magdy Mounir Kamel
Continuous security assessment of a power system is necessary to insure a reliable, stable, and continuous supply of electrical power to customers. To this end, this dissertation identifies and explores some of the various challenges encountered in the field of power system security assessment. Accordingly, several model-based and/or model-free approaches were developed to overcome these challenges.
First, a voltage stability index, named TAVSI, is proposed. This index has three important features: TAVSI applies to general load models including ZIP, exponential, and induction motor loads; TAVSI can be used for both measurement-based and model-based voltage stability assessment; and finally, TAVSI ...
Characterization Techniques And Cation Exchange Membrane For Non-Aqueous Redox Flow Battery, 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Characterization Techniques And Cation Exchange Membrane For Non-Aqueous Redox Flow Battery, Kun Lou
The motivation of this work comes from one of the major problems of emerging non-aqueous flow battery (NAFB) that a separator or membrane which facilitates conductivity and blocks redox species crossover does not exist. Although many aspects of principles can be mirrored from mature fuel cell and aqueous flow battery, it is found that some well-defined membrane properties in aqueous systems such as swelling, transport and interactions are different in non-aqueous solvents to some extent. However, the approach of this work does follow the way perfluorosulfonate ion exchange membrane (PFSA) facilitated development of fuel cell and aqueous flow battery in ...
Modeling And Evaluation Of Utility-Scale Microgrid Investment For Distribution System Planning, 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Modeling And Evaluation Of Utility-Scale Microgrid Investment For Distribution System Planning, Ian Schomer
The electrical distribution network faces two great challenges for the immediate future. First, increased affordability of distributed energy resources (DERs)—and advancing control technologies of inverters that interface them to the grid—have driven a shift from a passive to an active distribution network (ADN), which heightens the complexity of system management. Second, the increased frequency of severe weather events and increased potential for a cybersecurity attack necessitate the need for a resilient infrastructure that can respond adaptively to shutdowns within the system. Microgrids (MGs) present a promising framework both to provide hierarchal control of DERs and to increase resiliency ...
Power System Stability Assessment With Supervised Machine Learning, 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Power System Stability Assessment With Supervised Machine Learning, Mirka Mandich
Power system stability assessment has become an important area of research due to the increased penetration of photovoltaics (PV) in modern power systems. This work explores how supervised machine learning can be used to assess power system stability for the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) service region as part of the Data-driven Security Assessment for the Multi-Timescale Integrated Dynamics and Scheduling for Solar (MIDAS) project. Data-driven methods offer to improve power flow scheduling through machine learning prediction, enabling better energy resource management and reducing demand on real-time time-domain simulations. Frequency, transient, and small signal stability datasets were created using the ...
High Frequency Injection Sensorless Control For A Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine Driven By An Fpga Controlled Sic Inverter, 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
High Frequency Injection Sensorless Control For A Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine Driven By An Fpga Controlled Sic Inverter, Jared Walden
As motor drive inverters continue to employ Silicon Carbide (SiC) and Gallium Nitride (GaN) devices for power density improvements, sensorless motor control strategies can be developed with field-programmable gate arrays (FPGA) to take advantage of high inverter switching frequencies. Through the FPGA’s parallel processing capabilities, a high control bandwidth sensorless control algorithm can be employed. Sensorless motor control offers cost reductions through the elimination of mechanical position sensors or more reliable electric drive systems by providing additional position and speed information of the electric motor. Back electromotive force (EMF) estimation or model-based methods used for motor control provide precise ...
Adaptive Photochromism And Thermochromism Pv Panels " Theoretical Design ", 2021 Tartus University, Tartus, Syria
Adaptive Photochromism And Thermochromism Pv Panels " Theoretical Design ", Doha Jdeed
Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث
This paper presents a theoretical study on the effects of visible sunlight on photovoltaic (PV) panels and the solar cells. It seemed that the red light has the most effect on the silicon solar cells. A theoretical study on the sunlight effects on the plants was done. It seemed that the more the blue light is, the greater and thicker the leaves will be and the shorter the stem will be. However, the red light is very important for flowering and blooming. This was confirmed by an experimental study on a sweet basil plant. The experimental results show that confirming ...
Afloat 2021: American Floating Offshore Wind Technical Summit, 2021 The University of Maine
Afloat 2021: American Floating Offshore Wind Technical Summit, Advanced Structures And Composites Center
General University of Maine Publications
Email invitation to the "AFloat 2021: American Floating Offshore Wind Technical Summit" scheduled for September 8 and 9, 2021. Due to the emergence of COVID variants and the health risks they pose, a decision was made to hold the event virtually to ensure everyone's safety.