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Performance And Mitigation Strategy Of Distributed Ac-Stacked Pv Inverter Architecture Under Grid Background Harmonics, Namwon Kim, Hamidreza Jafarian, Babak Parkhideh, Johan Enslin 2017 University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Performance And Mitigation Strategy Of Distributed Ac-Stacked Pv Inverter Architecture Under Grid Background Harmonics, Namwon Kim, Hamidreza Jafarian, Babak Parkhideh, Johan Enslin

Hamidreza Jafarian

Grid-tied Photovoltaic (PV) inverters are required to have harmonics mitigation control to reduce harmonics distortion on the output current caused by the impact of grid background harmonics. In this paper, a decentralized control strategy for reduction of the impact of distorted grid voltage on the AC-stacked PV inverter architecture is proposed. Two control schemes with the selective harmonics mitigation strategy and without any handshaking among the inverters are proposed for this architecture and analyzed to present the improvement of the power quality as well as the operating margin of the architecture. The proposed methods are analyzed by impedance analysis and ...


A Distributed Active And Reactive Power Control For Grid-Tied Cascaded H-Bridge Pv Inverter System Using Relative Gain Array Approach, Hamidreza Jafarian, Namwon Kim, Babak Parkhideh 2017 University of North Carolina at Charlotte

A Distributed Active And Reactive Power Control For Grid-Tied Cascaded H-Bridge Pv Inverter System Using Relative Gain Array Approach, Hamidreza Jafarian, Namwon Kim, Babak Parkhideh

Hamidreza Jafarian

The main objective of this paper is to propose a decentralized control approach for active and reactive power control of grid-tied cascaded H-bridge PV inverter architecture. The decentralized controller allows fully distributed architecture both in terms of control and physical implementation of a PV system, resulting in higher reliability and potentially lower cost. The proposed control approach not only maintaining the balance of the system but also by sending supervisory commands to only one inverter minimizes the required communications for controlling active and reactive power. Detailed modeling and analysis are provided to show the feasibility of the proposed decentralized approach ...


Swing Contracts With Dynamic Reserves For Flexible Service Management, Shanshan Ma, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion 2017 Iowa State University

Swing Contracts With Dynamic Reserves For Flexible Service Management, Shanshan Ma, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers

The increasing penetration of variable energy resources in modern electric power systems requires additional flexibility in ancillary service provision to maintain reliable and efficient grid operations. However, full recognition and appropriate compensation of this flexibility is difficult to ensure within current power market designs due to rigidities in service definitions and requirements. For example, reserve requirements (RRs) are typically set in advance at administratively determined levels. If RRs are too large, wasteful expenditures result; and, if RRs are too small, high real-time costs are incurred for peak generation and/or load curtailment. To address these problems, this paper proposes a ...


Fault Location In High Voltage Shunt Capacitor Banks, Hessamoddin Jouybari Moghaddam 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Fault Location In High Voltage Shunt Capacitor Banks, Hessamoddin Jouybari Moghaddam

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

High Voltage Shunt Capacitor Banks (HV-SCBs) are critical substation assets that are primarily used to improve power factor and thus power transmission capability. Over temperature, over voltages, manufacturing defects can cause internal failures of capacitor elements. With today’s sensitive protection available in numerical relays these failures will be detected and SCBs will be taken out of service. But determining the phase and section in which capacitor elements have failed is important for utilities to decrease downtime of SCBs. This thesis proposes methods to address the challenges in fault location of SCBs. The proposed methods apply calibrating factors that compensate ...


Carbon Removal And Optoelectronic Property Tuning In Copper Arsenic Sulfide Thin Films Through Ligand Exchange And Alloying, Louis R. Schroeder, Scott McClary, Rakesh Agrawal 2017 Purdue University

Carbon Removal And Optoelectronic Property Tuning In Copper Arsenic Sulfide Thin Films Through Ligand Exchange And Alloying, Louis R. Schroeder, Scott Mcclary, Rakesh Agrawal

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Solution processed thin film solar cells are attractive alternatives to conventional energy sources due to low waste generation, flexibility in substrate choice, and scalability. The novel semiconductor Cu3AsS4 in the enargite phase has a near ideal band gap of 1.4 eV and has earth abundant constituent elements; yet single-junction solar cells have yielded low efficiencies due to a secondary carbonaceous phase present, among other issues. This carbonaceous phase may be eliminated by exchanging the carbonaceous ligands with molecular metal chalcogenides. To characterize the ligand exchanged particles, UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy ...


Thermal Characterization Of Magnetic Components, Jiazhou Zhong, Veda Samhitha Duppalli, Scott D. Sudhoff Professor 2017 Purdue University

Thermal Characterization Of Magnetic Components, Jiazhou Zhong, Veda Samhitha Duppalli, Scott D. Sudhoff Professor

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Thermal limits are crucial constraints in the design of power magnetic components. As the power density of magnetic components continues to increase, cooling becomes more critical. Our research focuses on solving for the amount of cooling needed for a particular magnetic component. During the research process, a low-velocity wind tunnel designed and built from the ground up is used to form uniform and controlled conditions for the test components. Thermal Equivalent Circuit (TEC) and parameter identification techniques are used in conjunction to yield temperature distribution results. The expected result is temperature data on various areas of the component under different ...


Radcool: A Web-Enabled Simulation Tool For Radiative Cooling, Yu-wen Lin, Evan L. Schlenker, Zhiguang Zhou, Peter Bermel 2017 Georgia Institute of Technology

Radcool: A Web-Enabled Simulation Tool For Radiative Cooling, Yu-Wen Lin, Evan L. Schlenker, Zhiguang Zhou, Peter Bermel

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) systems can generate electricity from high-temperature heat sources via thermal radiation. However, the intense heating of a photovoltaic (PV) cell can greatly reduce the overall efficiency of the system. Therefore, it is critical to develop techniques to keep the PV cells close to ambient temperature without consuming energy. Radiative cooling is a passive technique that dissipates heat into remote space via thermal radiation. A simulation tool to predict the performance of radiative cooling systems would be particularly helpful in designing new experiments. The current TPV model simulation tool, TPVexpt, can calculate the theoretical performance of the TPV system ...


Predictive Energy Management Of Islanded Microgrids With Photovoltaics And Energy Storage, Dennis G. Michaelson 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Predictive Energy Management Of Islanded Microgrids With Photovoltaics And Energy Storage, Dennis G. Michaelson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Islanded microgrids powered primarily by photovoltaic (PV) arrays present a challenging control problem due to the intermittent production and the relatively close scale between the sources and the loads. Energy storage in such microgrids plays an important role in balancing supply with demand, and in extending operation during periods when the PV supply is not available or insufficient. The efficient operation of such microgrids requires effective management of all resources. A predictive energy management strategy can potentially avoid or effectively mitigate upcoming outages. This thesis presents an energy management system (EMS) for such microgrids. The EMS uses a predictive approach ...


Design & Evaluation Of A Hybrid Switched Capacitor Circuit With Wide-Bandgap Devices For Dc Grid Applications, Joshua L. Stewart 2017 University of New Mexico

Design & Evaluation Of A Hybrid Switched Capacitor Circuit With Wide-Bandgap Devices For Dc Grid Applications, Joshua L. Stewart

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

ABSTRACT

As technologies advance, the rate at which renewable power sources, such as solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind, are being added to the power grid is increasing. Typically, PV power plants require large inverters for direct current to alternating current (DC-AC) power conversion, as well as large transformers to step up voltages to the grid voltage. Offshore wind farms and large PV power plants in remote locations often aggregate power on a DC bus in order to improve efficiency and reduce the cost of power conversion hardware within the energy complex. However, the power must still be converted to AC ...


Loss Model For Gallium Nitride Dc-Dc Buck Converter, Rushi P. Patel 2017 Mississippi State University

Loss Model For Gallium Nitride Dc-Dc Buck Converter, Rushi P. Patel

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

In recent years, more research has been done on Enhancement Mode Gallium Nitride (eGaN) converters, as the world is moving towards more power efficient converters. Power converters play a major role in efficiently controlling and converting electric energy used by machines, systems, and everyday products. The process to make converters more efficient was complicated and slow in the twentieth century. One of the important aspects in power electronics is to evaluate different losses and minimize losses to achieve high efficiency of the converter. With help of simulation tools such as MATLAB and LTspice, this process has become much faster and ...


Smart And Sustainable Aquaponics, Ryan Toal, Kevin Claggett, Justin Goh 2017 Santa Clara University

Smart And Sustainable Aquaponics, Ryan Toal, Kevin Claggett, Justin Goh

Electrical Engineering Senior Theses

As the global population increases, new ways of sustainable and efficient food production need to be explored in order to meet the growing demand from society. In this paper we explore the methods and functionality of an off-grid, semi-autonomous aquaponics system. This system will serve as a proof of concept for a large scale aquaponics system which can be modelled in other parts of the world where arable land is scarce. It was found that though the initial startup costs are high, it will be able to reduce the cost of food in the long run. The system implements a ...


The Solar Microgrid Project In Togo, Christian Jason Wintery, Alexander Mayorkis 2017 Santa Clara University

The Solar Microgrid Project In Togo, Christian Jason Wintery, Alexander Mayorkis

Electrical Engineering Senior Theses

Danyi Mempassem, Togo, Africa has villagers in need of electricity, however, they cannot afford to put in the infrastructure and then pay the steep cost of energy from the government. The best option for energy for the village is an affordable and renewable resource but due to limitations of geography the only viable option is a photo-voltaic system. We designed a working solar microgrid tailored for the location and weather of the village which can support all of the lights, cell phone chargers, and televisions that the villagers need/desire while being reliable, sustainable, safe, and affordable. The design and ...


Jump Linear Quadratic Control For Energy Management Of An Isolated Microgrid, Nathaniel Tucker 2017 Santa Clara University

Jump Linear Quadratic Control For Energy Management Of An Isolated Microgrid, Nathaniel Tucker

Electrical Engineering Master's Theses

Energy security and the aging grid infrastructure in the United States are two important subjects at the crossroads between politics and technology. One proposed solution to these two issues revolves around the concept of an isolated microgrid. Isolated microgrids are becoming increasingly popular combining multiple energy generation and storage systems to diversify and secure their private energy portfolios. The work presented in this thesis applies jump linear quadratic control to the energy management of an isolated microgrid operating with solar generation, fuel cell, and battery energy storage system. A continuous finite state Markov chain is used to model the intermittent ...


A Multiperiod Generalized Network Flow Model Of The U.S. Integrated Energy System: Part I—Model Description, Ana Quelhas, Esteban Gil, James D. McCalley, Sarah M. Ryan 2017 Iowa State University

A Multiperiod Generalized Network Flow Model Of The U.S. Integrated Energy System: Part I—Model Description, Ana Quelhas, Esteban Gil, James D. Mccalley, Sarah M. Ryan

James McCalley

This paper is the first of a two-part paper presenting a multiperiod generalized network flow model of the integrated energy system in the United States. Part I describes the modeling approach used to evaluate the economic efficiencies of the system-wide energy flows, from the coal and natural gas suppliers to the electric load centers. Under the proposed problem formulation, fuel supply and electricity demand nodes are connected via a transportation network, and the model is solved for the most efficient allocation of quantities and corresponding prices. The methodology includes physical, economic, and environmental aspects that characterize the different networks. Part ...


Smart Grid Technology In The Developing World, Jacob R. Young 2017 Seattle Pacific University

Smart Grid Technology In The Developing World, Jacob R. Young

Honors Projects

A smart grid is the integration of communication and information technologies with contemporary power infrastructure to enhance load service and to incorporate continually evolving end-use applications. It is the latest advancement in the areas of power generation, transmission and distribution. It has advanced beyond the traditional grid structure at every stage; a smart grid is capable of incorporating distributed generation (DG) renewable sources and has improved transmission capabilities through implementation of technologies such as Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS). Through the addition of control technology in the distribution network a smart grid is able to implement “self-healing” and other methods ...


Automatic Standby Power-Saving Power Strip, Trung Nguyen 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Automatic Standby Power-Saving Power Strip, Trung Nguyen

Electrical Engineering

The Standby Power Saving Power Strip improves on common power strip functionality. The project reduces the power loss from most electrical devices’ standby power mode, while retaining the convenience of leaving the devices plugged-in. The surge protector automatically recognizes when the plugged-in devices enter standby power mode. Then, it shuts off power to that device and automatically provides power back to the plugged-in devices, when turned on.


Microgrid Protection Student Laboratory, Ian Hellman-Wylie, Joey Navarro 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Microgrid Protection Student Laboratory, Ian Hellman-Wylie, Joey Navarro

Electrical Engineering

To better prepare students for careers in the electric power industry, specifically in the discipline of power system protection, the Electrical Engineering Department at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo proposed an initiative calling for the creation of new laboratory curriculum that uses microprocessor-based relays to give students hands-on experience in the application of protection theory. This report describes the creation of a system that meets this need by providing a laboratory-scale power system that demonstrates the use of common protective relays and protection schemes. This system provides a platform for laboratory coursework using protective relays for transmission line, transformer, and ...


Solar Roller - Solar Powered Usb Charging Station, Aaron Bartfeld, Tanner Mjelde, Kaylan Naicker 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Solar Roller - Solar Powered Usb Charging Station, Aaron Bartfeld, Tanner Mjelde, Kaylan Naicker

Electrical Engineering

As the necessity for renewable energy increases, solar power becomes more and more prevalent. At the same time, as technology increases, the necessity for charging one’s electronic devices also increases. The Solar Roller merges solar energy with the ability to charge one's electronic device in one compact cart. The Solar Roller is a solar-powered USB charging station that allows people of all backgrounds to develop a better understanding of alternative fuels, while charging their USB device. It has a touch screen display that provides voltage levels of the battery as well as a TV that displays solar powered ...


Lab-Scale Circuit Breaker Module For Power System Laboratories, Amanda Barley, Allen C. Scozzari, Joshua E. Chung 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Lab-Scale Circuit Breaker Module For Power System Laboratories, Amanda Barley, Allen C. Scozzari, Joshua E. Chung

Electrical Engineering

In this project, a circuit breaker that can simulate different types of power system faults is redesigned, constructed, and tested. They will then be implemented in power systems laboratory courses at Cal Poly. The project’s goal is to improve a previous circuit breaker design to help students better visualize how faults affect power systems in the real world. Two main improvements are made to the previous circuit breaker design. The first improvement is to power the breaker with a typical wall outlet adapter instead of the DC source from the Cal Poly power systems laboratory test benches. This lets ...


Dc House Energy Management System, Zachary L. Eldredge, Zoe M. Hay 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Dc House Energy Management System, Zachary L. Eldredge, Zoe M. Hay

Electrical Engineering

In this work, a previously completed proof of concept for an Energy Management System (EMS) for the DC House project has been revised and re-implemented. The implemented design changes will improve the performance and reproducibility of the system. This new design of the EMS replaces the two-separate buck and boost DC-DC converters with a single bidirectional DC-DC converter to reduce components and improve efficiency. Analysis of the bidirectional DC-DC converter shows high efficiency especially at larger load currents. The code of the previous work was updated for smoother operation as well as to accommodate an LCD capable of displaying more ...


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