# Electronic Devices and Semiconductor Manufacturing Commons™

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## Full-Text Articles in Electronic Devices and Semiconductor Manufacturing

Analysis On Bottleneck And Prospect Of Integrated Circuit Talent Training Oriented To Sci-Tech Self-Reliance And Self-Strengthening At Higher Levels, Kaixuan Guan, Jiang Yu, Jianzhong Zhou, Feng Chen, Yan Han Feb 2023

#### Analysis On Bottleneck And Prospect Of Integrated Circuit Talent Training Oriented To Sci-Tech Self-Reliance And Self-Strengthening At Higher Levels, Kaixuan Guan, Jiang Yu, Jianzhong Zhou, Feng Chen, Yan Han

##### Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The most essential feature of building a new development paradigm is to achieve sci-tech self-reliance and self-strengthening at higher levels. The integrated circuit industry, as an important pillar to achieve this essential feature, is facing a severe external situation. China's chip shortage pain begins with a shortage of talents. The structural problem of uneven development at the overall level of the industry makes it more difficult to effectively gather and distribute talents. To achieve sci-tech self-reliance and self-strengthening at higher levels, we need to be both demand-oriented and problem-oriented, which means not only to pay attention to the core technology …

Feb 2023

#### Causes, Countermeasures And Enlightenment Of “Eu Semiconductor Crisis”: Interpretation Around The European Chips Act, Junfeng Li, Ying Zhang

##### Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The European Union (EU) is one of the origins of the global semiconductor industry, but due to its structural defects in the semiconductor value chain, it has encountered a crisis of chip shortages and supply cuts since 2021. The European Chips Act drafted by EU proposes a path for semiconductor ecological construction, crisis intervention regulatory measures, and outlines a blueprint for a "national system for the chip industry with EU characteristics". These factors are of speculative significance and reference value for China to balance the relationship between the government and the market, subsidies and competition, key construction and inclusive support …

#### Strengthen Building Of Basic Reach Capacity For Semiconductor Research To Light Up “Beacon” Towards Realizing The Self-Reliance And Self-Improvement Of Semiconductors, Junwei Luo, Shushen Li

##### Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

No abstract provided.

Feb 2023

#### Heidelberg Dwl66+ Laser Writer (Lw-01) Standard Operating Procedure, David J. Jones

##### Protocols and Reports

Standard operating procedure (SOP) for Heidelberg DWL66+ laser writer.

In-Field Solar Panel Assessment And Fault Diagnosis, Muhammad Elgamal Jan 2023

#### In-Field Solar Panel Assessment And Fault Diagnosis, Muhammad Elgamal

##### Theses and Dissertations

Photovoltaic energy is a green energy that suit from small houses to high-power stations spanning large areas. In such large areas, monitoring individual panels can be a tedious task, especially if it was required to identify operational faults of these panels. Photovoltaic 4.0 technology depend on collecting data from each station and feeding them to a central processing system that can analyze operation data and hopefully locate when a fault happens. In such method, it is crucial to be accurate as much as possible and for measuring device to be accurate as well to have a clear judgement. In this …

Editorial, Sameeh Ullah Dr. Jan 2023

#### Editorial, Sameeh Ullah Dr.

##### International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

This special issue seeks papers that provide a convergent research perspective on business futures, i.e., research that draws on many disciplinary views and strives to establish fresh integrative frameworks and vocabularies. Addressing the difficulty of work culture and intelligent machines in a broad sense necessitates grappling with complicated issues such as motivation, cognition, machine learning, human learning, and system design, among others.

Lesker Pvd75 E-Beam/Thermal Evaporator (Pvd-02) Standard Operating Procedure, David S. Barth, Jason A. Röhr Jan 2023

#### Lesker Pvd75 E-Beam/Thermal Evaporator (Pvd-02) Standard Operating Procedure, David S. Barth, Jason A. Röhr

##### Standard Operating Procedures

Standard Operating Procedure for the Lesker PVD75 E-beam/Thermal Evaporator (PVD-02) located at the Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility within the Singh Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Pennsylvania

Dec 2022

#### Carrier Transport Engineering In Wide Bandgap Semiconductors For Photonic And Memory Device Applications, Ravi Teja Velpula

##### Dissertations

Wide bandgap (WBG) semiconductors play a crucial role in the current solid-state lighting technology. The AlGaN compound semiconductor is widely used for ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diodes (LEDs), however, the efficiency of these LEDs is largely in a single-digit percentage range due to several factors. Until recently, AlInN alloy has been relatively unexplored, though it holds potential for light-emitters operating in the visible and UV regions. In this dissertation, the first axial AlInN core-shell nanowire UV LEDs operating in the UV-A and UV-B regions with an internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of 52% are demonstrated. Moreover, the light extraction efficiency of this …

Dec 2022

#### Enhancing The Performance Of Poly(3-Hexylthiophene) Based Organic Thin-Film Transistors Using An Interface Engineering Method, Eyob Negussie Tarekegn

##### All Dissertations

An original design and photolithographic fabrication process for poly(3-hexylthiophene-2, 5-diyl) (P3HT) based organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) is presented. The structure of the transistors was based on the bottom gate bottom contact OTFT. The fabrication process was efficient, cost-effective, and relatively straightforward to implement. Current–voltage (I-V) measurements were performed to characterize the primary electronic properties of the transistors. The measured mobility of these transistors was significantly higher than most results reported in the literature for other similar bottom gate bottom contact P3HT OTFTs. The higher mobility is explained primarily by the effectiveness of the fabrication process in keeping the interfacial layers …

Dec 2022

#### Synthesis And Characterization Of Vo2 Thin Films On Piezoelectric Substrates, Samee Azad

##### All Theses

Polycrystalline VO2 thin films synthesized on two piezoelectric substrates (AT-cut quartz and GaN/AlGaN/GaN/Si) using low pressure direct oxidation technique have been characterized and compared to VO2 grown on traditional non-piezoelectric substrates sapphire and SiO2/Si. X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy characterization performed on the as grown films confirmed high quality of the VO2 films grown on both the piezoelectric and non-piezoelectric substrates. Changes in material properties associated with the semiconductor metal transition (SMT) of the VO2 films were investigated through resistivity and transmitted optical power changes measured across the SMT. It was observed that …

Dec 2022

#### Gate-Controlled Quantum Dots In Two-Dimensional Tungsten Diselenide And One-Dimensional Tellurium Nanowires, Shiva Davari Dolatabadi

This work focuses on the investigation of gate-defined quantum dots in two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide tungsten diselenide (WSe2) as a means to unravel mesoscopic physical phenomena such as valley-contrasting physics in WSe2 flakes and its potential application as qubit, as well as realizing gate-controlled quantum dots based on elementaltellurium nanostructures which may unlock the topological nature of the host material carriers such as Weyl states in tellurium nanowires.The fabrication and characterization of gate-defined hole quantum dots in monolayer and bilayer WSe2 are reported. The gate electrodes in the device design are located above and below the WSe2 nanoflakes to accumulate …

Raman Scattering Measurements And Analyses Of Gan Thin Films Grown On Zno Substrates By Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition, Zane Mcdaniel, Zhe Chuan Feng, Kevin Stokes Nov 2022

#### Raman Scattering Measurements And Analyses Of Gan Thin Films Grown On Zno Substrates By Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition, Zane Mcdaniel, Zhe Chuan Feng, Kevin Stokes

##### Symposium of Student Scholars

Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) is a popularly used method of growing thin films of GaN on ZnO (GZ) substrates, which pair well due to their structural and characteristic similarities. In this research, optical characterization of the surface quality of GZ sample films is measured by analyzing Raman scattering (RS) using a Renishaw inVia spectrometer fitted with a 532nm laser. Samples were grown in an improved double injection block rotating disc reactor. Multiple samples' spectra show broad peaks that correspond with the E2 (high) and A1 (LO) branches of GaN, and nicely fitted curves are observed for the characteristic E2 …

Redefining Research In Nanotechnology Simulations: A New Approach To Data Caching And Analysis, Darin Tsai, Alan Zhang, Aloysius Rebeiro Nov 2022

#### Redefining Research In Nanotechnology Simulations: A New Approach To Data Caching And Analysis, Darin Tsai, Alan Zhang, Aloysius Rebeiro

##### The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.

Nov 2022

#### Design Of Arbitrary Planar Optical Devices With Full Phase Control Using Nanoimprinting Of Refractive Index, Matthew Panipinto

##### All Theses

Planar optical devices offer a lightweight solution to the constraints found in traditional optical devices. While subwavelength patterning of optics offers attractive performance and size, traditional fabrication methods demand a trade-off between resolution and throughput that presents a significant hurdle for the widespread use of subwavelength devices. Nanoimprinting of refractive index (NIRI) is a novel fabrication method pioneered in previous work that offers promise in mitigating the throughput issues that hamstring traditional fabrication methods. However, NIRI has not been shown to impart full $2\pi$ phase control in planar optical devices, nor has a method for fabricating arbitrary designs using the …

Design Of An Efficient Memristor-Based Dynamic Exclusive-Or Gate., Annu Chauhan, Dishika Chopra, Lirisha Tayal, Utsav Singal, Kirti Gupta, Monica Gupta Oct 2022

#### Design Of An Efficient Memristor-Based Dynamic Exclusive-Or Gate., Annu Chauhan, Dishika Chopra, Lirisha Tayal, Utsav Singal, Kirti Gupta, Monica Gupta

##### International Journal of Computer and Communication Technology

In this paper, an efficient memristor-based dynamic logic design for an Exclusive-OR gate is proposed. The proposed realization reduces the number of cascaded stages and component count thereby providing an overall performance improvement. The performance of the proposed design is compared with the most recent existing design through LTspice software simulations at 32 nm technology node in terms of total power consumption, average propagation delay, and number of components used in the implementation. The outcomes depict that the proposed design consumes 57 % reduced power and provides faster operation with 5.09 % improvement in propagation delay in comparison to its …

Inculcating Research Culture With An Outcome-Oriented Technical Project Evaluation Framework, Pritish Vibhute, Sumeet Gupta, Muzffarali Sayyad, Snehal Gondkar Sep 2022

#### Inculcating Research Culture With An Outcome-Oriented Technical Project Evaluation Framework, Pritish Vibhute, Sumeet Gupta, Muzffarali Sayyad, Snehal Gondkar

##### Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The Outcome of the Teaching-Learning Process of any specific subject or course is measured using a standard statistical method, the majority of which relies on the marks obtained by each learner, according to procedures and guidelines defined by numerous national-international consortiums, boards, or councils for Outcome-Based Education (OBE). Rarely has it been linked to documentary evidence demonstrating the attainment of competency expected to emerge following successful completion of the course. At the same time, a significant number of technical institutes across India are in desperate need of good research, which leads to massive publications, IPR, startups, and cash. For the …

Sep 2022

#### Importance Of Students’ Feedback For Modifying Course Syllabus And Revising Curriculum Of Ug Electronics And Telecommunication Engineering Programme, Prachi Mukherji, Vidya Sisale

##### Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The goal of education is to create an environment that assists teaching and learning. Modification of courses, and Course Outcomes is necessary to cater to the changing needs of students and enhance their learning experience. Under academic, freedom to change the curriculum in resonance with industry needs and current trends makes the student more skilled, knowledgeable, and employable. Feedback is a traditional way of making improvements in the educational field. This paper gives direction on the use of Students’ feedback for revising the curriculum and modifying the Course Outcomes for the Undergraduate program in Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering. We have …

Potassium And Sodium Sensing Isfet Device And Array, Liam Stephen Hayes Sep 2022

#### Potassium And Sodium Sensing Isfet Device And Array, Liam Stephen Hayes

##### Electrical Engineering

The use of Ion-Sensitive Field Effect Transistors (ISFETs) as a means of testing a person’s potassium concentration in real-time has broad applications in the consumer space. An avid runner could use such a device to keep track of their hydration and salt levels. A hospital could use it for patients who require around-the-clock remote monitoring, and a variation of ISFETs are currently being used as continuous glucose monitors for diabetes patients. While ISFETs are not a new development in the field of microelectronics, their use as wearable devices has recently become relevant. The goal of this project is primarily to …

#### Design And Analysis Of A Discrete, Pcb-Level Low-Power, Microwave Cross-Coupled Differential Lc Voltage-Controlled Oscillator, Pavin Singh Virdee

##### Master's Theses

Radio Frequency (RF) and Microwave devices are typically implemented in Integrated Circuit (IC) form to minimize parasitics, increase precision and tolerances, and minimize size. Although IC fabrication for students and independent engineers is cost-prohibitive, an abundance of low-cost, easily accessible printed circuit board (PCB) and electronic component manufacturers allows affordable PCB fabrication.

While nearly all microwave voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) designs are IC-based, this study presents a discrete PCB-level cross-coupled, differential LC VCO to demonstrate this more affordable and accessible approach. This thesis presents a 65 mW, discrete component VCO PCB with industry-comparable RF performance. A phase noise of -103.7 dBc/Hz …

Electrical Characterization Of Solar Cell Using Arduino And Polarization Film, Mark Lancaster, Ahana Jhamb, Xilai Song, Marissa Youderian, Gabriel Unger, Gyuseok L. Kim Aug 2022

#### Electrical Characterization Of Solar Cell Using Arduino And Polarization Film, Mark Lancaster, Ahana Jhamb, Xilai Song, Marissa Youderian, Gabriel Unger, Gyuseok L. Kim

##### Educational Materials

A solar cell laboratory course for high school and college undergraduate students is proposed. The electrical characterization of the solar cell is performed to confirm the functionality of the device as both a diode and a power source. The efficiency of the solar cell in the illuminated condition is found to be 13.1 %. We find the efficiency of the solar cell slightly decreases as the intensity of light decreases. However, there is no significant difference in efficiency except for in the opaque condition. A calibrated solar cell, multimeter, current sensor, Arduino, coding and polarization are used to perform the …

The Development Of A Motion Sensing Device For Use In A Home Setting, Jaspreet K. Kalsi Aug 2022

#### The Development Of A Motion Sensing Device For Use In A Home Setting, Jaspreet K. Kalsi

##### Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disease, with over 10 million individuals diagnosed with PD world-wide. The most common symptom characterized by PD is tremor. Tremor is an involuntary oscillatory motion that most prominently occurs in upper limb, specifically in the hand and wrist that has a measurable frequency and amplitude. This thesis aims to evaluate the usability and functionality of a tremor sensing device designed to collect quantitative data on individuals with PD. The designed device uses 23 commercially-available inertial measuring units (IMUs) located between 21 joints: distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints, proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints, Interphalangeal …

A Statistical Method To Optimize The Chemical Etching Process Of Zinc Oxide Thin Films, David D. Lynes, Hengky Chandrahalim, Justin M. Brown, Karanvir Singh, Kyle T. Bodily, Kevin D. Leedy Aug 2022

#### A Statistical Method To Optimize The Chemical Etching Process Of Zinc Oxide Thin Films, David D. Lynes, Hengky Chandrahalim, Justin M. Brown, Karanvir Singh, Kyle T. Bodily, Kevin D. Leedy

##### Faculty Publications

Zinc oxide (ZnO) is an attractive material for microscale and nanoscale devices. Its desirable semiconductor, piezoelectric and optical properties make it useful in applications ranging from microphones to missile warning systems to biometric sensors. This work introduces a demonstration of blending statistics and chemical etching of thin films to identify the dominant factors and interaction between factors, and develop statistically enhanced models on etch rate and selectivity of c-axis-oriented nanocrystalline ZnO thin films. Over other mineral acids, ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) solutions have commonly been used to wet etch microscale ZnO devices because of their controllable etch rate and …

Raman Thermometry Of Graphene Based Thermal Materials, Pengcheng Xu Aug 2022

#### Raman Thermometry Of Graphene Based Thermal Materials, Pengcheng Xu

##### Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

With the growing demand for high performance computing, we are pushing for higher performance integrated circuits at an ever faster rate. Recent advances in semiconductor production technology sees transistors with a 5 nm process devices being produced for consumer use. This enabled engineers to pack tens of billions of transistors in a package no larger than a fingernail. However, that brings up a problem that we have been long battling against. How can we get rid of the heat produced by these billions of transistors. The current electronic performance is bottle-necked by the ability of the package taking heat away …

#### Charger Robotic Air Hockey-Modified Air Hockey Table Featuring Automated Play Against A Human Opponent, Robert Geren

##### Honors Capstone Projects and Theses

No abstract provided.

#### Sub-Bandgap Photon-Assisted Electron Trapping And Detrapping In Algan/Gan Heterostructure Field-Effect Transistors, Andrew Gunn

##### All Theses

We have investigated photon-assisted trapping and detrapping of electrons injected from the gate under negative bias in a heterostructure field-effect transistor (HFET). The electron injection rate from the gate was found to be dramatically affected by sub-bandgap laser illumination. The trapped electrons reduced the two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) density at the AlGaN/GaN heterointerface but could also be emitted from their trap states by sub-bandgap photons, leading to a recovery of 2DEG density. The trapping and detrapping dynamics were found to be strongly dependent on the wavelength and focal position of the laser, as well as the gate bias stress time …

Etching Process Development For Sic Cmos, Weston Reed Renfrow Aug 2022

#### Etching Process Development For Sic Cmos, Weston Reed Renfrow

Silicon Carbide (SiC) is an exciting material that is growing in popularity for having qualities that make it a helpful semiconductor in extreme environments where silicon devices fail. The development of a SiC CMOS is in its infancy. There are many improvements that need to be made to develop this technology further. Photolithography is the most significant bottleneck in the etching process; it was studied and improved upon. Etching SiC can be a challenge with its reinforced crystal structure. Chlorine-based inductively coupled plasma (ICP) etching of intrinsic SiC and doped SiC, SiO2, and Silicon has been studied. A baseline chlorine …

Aug 2022

#### Study Of Thin Gan/Ingan/Gan Double Graded Structures For Future Photovoltaic Application, Mirsaeid Sarollahi

Indium gallium nitride (In_x Ga_(1-x) N) materials have displayed great potential for photovoltaic and optoelectronic devices due to their optical and electrical properties. Properties such as direct bandgap, strong bandgap absorption, thermal stability and high radiation resistance qualify them as great materials for photovoltaic devices. The tunable bandgap which absorbs the whole solar spectrum is the most significant feature which became attractive for scientists. The bandgap for these materials varies from 0.7 eV for InN to 3.4 eV for GaN covering from infrared to ultraviolet. In_x Ga_(1-x) N wurtzite crystal is grown on GaN buffer layer by Molecular Beam Epitaxy …

A Bulk Driven Transimpedance Cmos Amplifier For Sipm Based Detection, Shahram Hatefi Hesari Aug 2022

#### A Bulk Driven Transimpedance Cmos Amplifier For Sipm Based Detection, Shahram Hatefi Hesari

##### Masters Theses

The contribution of this work lies in the development of a bulk driven operational
transconducctance amplifier which can be integrated with other analog circuits and
photodetectors in the same chip for compactness, miniaturization and reducing the
power. Silicon photomultipliers, also known as SiPMs, when coupled with scintillator materials are used in many imaging applications including nuclear detection. This thesis discuss the design of a bulk-driven transimpedance amplifier suitable for detectors where the front end is a SiPM. The amplifier was design and fabricated in a standard standard CMOS process and is suitable for integration with CMOS based SiPMs and commercially …

Aug 2022

#### Load Modeling And Evaluation Of Leds For Hardware Test Bed Application, Jillian M. Ruff

##### Masters Theses

The lighting industry was revolutionized with the emergence of LED lighting. Over the last 15 years, LED lighting device sales and utilization have grown immensely. The growth and popularity of LEDs is due to improved operation of the device when compared to previous lighting technologies. Efficient performance of the device is critical due to the growth of global energy consumption.

As nonrenewable generation fuel is finite, utilities have begun the transition to renewable energy generation. Generation and distribution systems become inherently complex to comprehend and maintain with incorporation of emerging supply and load technologies. With the unprecedented growth of LED …

Development Of Medium Power High Efficiency Multi-Level Buck-Boost Dc-Dc Converter, Yogesh Singh, Sunny Sharma, Sandeep Tuli Jul 2022

#### Development Of Medium Power High Efficiency Multi-Level Buck-Boost Dc-Dc Converter, Yogesh Singh, Sunny Sharma, Sandeep Tuli

##### International Journal of Electronics Signals and Systems

Power DC/DC converters or regulators form the backbone of different portable electronic devices like cellular phones, laptops, portable electronic devices which are using batteries as their power supply. Portable devices usually comprise of several sub-circuits that should be supplied with different voltage levels, which are not the same as battery’s voltage level which is the main supply voltage. A new approach of buck-boost converter is presented in this paper, that automatically detects the zero-inductor current & compels the convertor to deliberately switch from Continuous Conduction Mode (CCM) to Discontinuous Conduction Mode (DCM), once the inductor current attempts towards negative values, …