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Bioelectrical and Neuroengineering Commons

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A Comparison Of Neural Activity For Peripersonal And Extrapersonal Viewing In Real And Virtual Environments, Olivia Eustice 2020 University of Mississippi

A Comparison Of Neural Activity For Peripersonal And Extrapersonal Viewing In Real And Virtual Environments, Olivia Eustice

Honors Theses

This study involved a series of tests comparing the similarities and differences in neural activity at a subject’s peripheral and extrapersonal space in the real environment and virtual reality. We hypothesized that there would be similar brain activity at each of these environments depending on the focal distance of an object from the participant. Peripheral space is the visual space that is a reachable distance from a person. It has an overall neural pattern in the dorsal stream of the brain. Extrapersonal space is the visual space that does not directly surround a person and cannot be directly acted ...


Finding A Viable Neural Network Architecture For Use With Upper Limb Prosthetics, Maxwell Lavin 2019 Kennesaw State University

Finding A Viable Neural Network Architecture For Use With Upper Limb Prosthetics, Maxwell Lavin

Master of Science in Computer Science Theses

This paper attempts to answer the question of if it’s possible to produce a simple, quick, and accurate neural network for the use in upper-limb prosthetics. Through the implementation of convolutional and artificial neural networks and feature extraction on electromyographic data different possible architectures are examined with regards to processing time, complexity, and accuracy. It is found that the most accurate architecture is a multi-entry categorical cross entropy convolutional neural network with 100% accuracy. The issue is that it is also the slowest method requiring 9 minutes to run. The next best method found was a single-entry binary cross ...


Cdse Quantum Dots Synthesis Laboratory Course For High School Students, Danlin Zuo, Gyuseok Kim, David Jones 2019 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Cdse Quantum Dots Synthesis Laboratory Course For High School Students, Danlin Zuo, Gyuseok Kim, David Jones

Protocols and Reports

Cadmium selenide quantum dot is a fascinating subject for leading high school students to the quantum world. An 8-hour laboratory course for up to 12 high school students is proposed. The 8-hour course consist of two 4-hours sections. This laboratory course includes the quantum dot syntheses, absorption and emission characterization, and data analysis. The proposes process runs at relatively lower temperature which means safe and easy, and shows apparent experimental results.


Electropermeabilization Does Not Correlate With Plasma Membrane Lipid Oxidation, Olga Michel, Andrei G. Pakhomov, Maura Casciola, Jolanta Saczko, Julita Kulbacka, Olga N. Pakhomova 2019 Old Dominion University

Electropermeabilization Does Not Correlate With Plasma Membrane Lipid Oxidation, Olga Michel, Andrei G. Pakhomov, Maura Casciola, Jolanta Saczko, Julita Kulbacka, Olga N. Pakhomova

Bioelectrics Publications

The permeabilized condition of the cell membrane after electroporation can last minutes but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Previous studies suggest that lipid peroxidation could be responsible for the lasting leaky state of the membrane. The present study aims to link oxidation within the plasma membrane of live cells to permeabilization by electric pulses. We have introduced a method for the detection of oxidation by ratiometric fluorescence measurements of BODIPY-C11 dye using total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy, limiting the signal to the cell membrane. CHO-K1 cells were cultured on glass coverslips coated with an electroconductive indium tin oxide (ITO ...


Differentiating Epileptic From Psychogenic Nonepileptic Eeg Signals Using Time Frequency And Information Theoretic Measures Of Connectivity, Sarah Barnes 2019 Grand Valley State University

Differentiating Epileptic From Psychogenic Nonepileptic Eeg Signals Using Time Frequency And Information Theoretic Measures Of Connectivity, Sarah Barnes

Masters Theses

Differentiating psychogenic nonepileptic seizures from epileptic seizures is a difficult task that requires timely recording of psychogenic events using video electroencephalography (EEG). Interpretation of video EEG to distinguish epileptic features from signal artifacts is error prone and can lead to misdiagnosis of psychogenic seizures as epileptic seizures resulting in undue stress and ineffective treatment with antiepileptic drugs. In this study, an automated surface EEG analysis was implemented to investigate differences between patients classified as having psychogenic or epileptic seizures. Surface EEG signals were grouped corresponding to the anatomical lobes of the brain (frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital) and central coronal ...


Effect Of Annealing On The Contact Resistance Of Aluminum On A P-Type Substrate, Shrey Shah, George Patrick Watson 2019 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Effect Of Annealing On The Contact Resistance Of Aluminum On A P-Type Substrate, Shrey Shah, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

Aluminum contacts are widely used to form both ohmic and rectifying contacts. The process to form these contacts involves annealing, thus it is important to study the effect of annealing on the electrical properties of the contacts. Here, we present a way to measure the contact resistance of aluminum contacts formed on a p-type silicon substrate. It was found the contact resistivity decreased by an average of 18%. It was thus found that annealing at 400°C in a forming gas environment improves the electrical properties of aluminum contacts.


#43 - Gesture Recognition Of Eeg Signals Using Wavelet Transform And Artificial Neural Networks For Bci Applications, Hugo Flores Garcia 2019 Georgia Southern University

#43 - Gesture Recognition Of Eeg Signals Using Wavelet Transform And Artificial Neural Networks For Bci Applications, Hugo Flores Garcia

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) systems present many advantages for their use in the fields of robotics and prosthetics. BCIs enable the control of electronic systems using only the central nervous system, allowing, for example, patients with motor neuron disease to control prosthetic limbs or electronic devices. In this study, an electroencephalographic (EEG) signal gesture recognition process for BCI applications is described. The gesture recognition process receives a raw EEG signal as an input and classifies the received input into its corresponding gesture.

The gesture data was acquired from different subjects using the EMOTIVR EPOC, a 14-channel EEG headset. 402 samples ...


Estimating Cognitive Workload In An Interactive Virtual Reality Environment Using Eeg, Christoph Tremmel, Christain Herff, Tetsuya Sato, Krzysztof Rechowicz, Yasuke Yamani, Dean J. Krusienski 2019 Old Dominion University

Estimating Cognitive Workload In An Interactive Virtual Reality Environment Using Eeg, Christoph Tremmel, Christain Herff, Tetsuya Sato, Krzysztof Rechowicz, Yasuke Yamani, Dean J. Krusienski

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

With the recent surge of affordable, high-performance virtual reality (VR) headsets, there is unlimited potential for applications ranging from education, to training, to entertainment, to fitness and beyond. As these interfaces continue to evolve, passive user-state monitoring can play a key role in expanding the immersive VR experience, and tracking activity for user well-being. By recording physiological signals such as the electroencephalogram (EEG) during use of a VR device, the user's interactions in the virtual environment could be adapted in real-time based on the user's cognitive state. Current VR headsets provide a logical, convenient, and unobtrusive framework for ...


Investigation Of The Electrode Polarization Effect For Biosensor Applications, Anil Koklu 2019 Southern Methodist University

Investigation Of The Electrode Polarization Effect For Biosensor Applications, Anil Koklu

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

My research focuses on electrokinetic transport. Particularly, in this dissertation, we focus on fabrication and testing of micro electrodes with nanostructured surfaces to minimize the electrode polarization (EP) effects for biosensor applications. In the first study, electrochemical deposition of gold nanoparticles on to planar gold electrodes was used to generate rough surfaces. Dendritic nanostructures that reduced EP up to two orders of magnitude was obtained by optimizing the deposition conditions. These structures also enhanced dielectrophoresis (DEP) response of our bio-chips, making them usable in physiological buffers. In further studies we discovered a universal scaling of EP in the frequency domain ...


Development Of A Low Profile, Endoscopic Implant For Long Term Brain Imaging, Benjamin Scott Kemp 2019 Louisiana Tech University

Development Of A Low Profile, Endoscopic Implant For Long Term Brain Imaging, Benjamin Scott Kemp

Doctoral Dissertations

The increased public awareness of concussion and traumatic brain injury has motivated continued research into the brain, its functions, and especially its response to injury, with a focus on improving the brain’s repair capabilities. However, due to the critical nature of the tissue, it is currently difficult for researchers to acquire high resolution images below the cortex without sacrificing a lab animal. Sacrificing an animal greatly reduces the amount of data that can be obtained from it, making longitudinal studies unappealing or unfeasible because a large number of animals is needed to obtain useful data over multiple time points ...


Impedance-Based Microfluidic Platform For Quantitative Biology, Amin Mansoorifar 2019 Southern Methodist University

Impedance-Based Microfluidic Platform For Quantitative Biology, Amin Mansoorifar

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

Dielectric properties of biological cells are functions of cellular structure, content, state, and phenotype. Dielectric spectroscopy (DS) is a nondestructive method to characterize dielectric properties by measuring impedance data over a frequency range. This method has been widely used for various applications such as counting, sizing, and monitoring biological cells and particles. Recently, this method has been suggested to be utilized in various stages of the drug discovery process due to its low sample consumption and fast analysis time.

In this thesis, we have developed a lab-on-a-chip device that uses an electro-activated microwells array for capturing, making DS measurements on ...


Investigating The Role Of Coil Designs And Anatomical Variations In Cerebellar Tms, Xiaojing Zhong, Priyam Rastogi, Yifei Wang, Erik G. Lee, David C. Jiles 2019 Iowa State University

Investigating The Role Of Coil Designs And Anatomical Variations In Cerebellar Tms, Xiaojing Zhong, Priyam Rastogi, Yifei Wang, Erik G. Lee, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive neuromodulation technique that is used for treating various neurological disorders such as major depressive disorder. TMS has been gaining popularity in the field of neurostimulation of the cerebellum, since the cerebellum is a complex structure connected with almost the entire central nervous system and TMS has promise for non-invasively probing cerebellar function. Recent studies have discovered that the cerebellum plays an important role not only in motor planning and behavior but also in the cognitive domain. However, few studies have explored how different coil designs and anatomical variations affect the effectiveness of cerebellar ...


Coupled Influence Of Heart Rate Variability And Subcellular Calcium Heterogeneity On Cardiac Electromechanical Dynamics, Vrishti M. Phadumdeo, Seth H. Weinberg Ph.D 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

Coupled Influence Of Heart Rate Variability And Subcellular Calcium Heterogeneity On Cardiac Electromechanical Dynamics, Vrishti M. Phadumdeo, Seth H. Weinberg Ph.D

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Feedforward And Feedback Signals In The Olfactory System, Srimoy Chakraborty 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Feedforward And Feedback Signals In The Olfactory System, Srimoy Chakraborty

Theses and Dissertations

The conglomeration of myriad activities in neural systems often results in prominent oscillations. The primary goal of the research presented in this thesis was to study effects of sensory stimulus on the olfactory system of rats, focusing on the olfactory bulb (OB) and the anterior piriform cortex (aPC). Extracellular electrophysiological measurements revealed distinct frequency bands of oscillations in OB and aPC. However, how these oscillatory fluctuations help the animal to process sensory input is not clearly understood. Here we show high frequency oscillations in olfactory bulb carry feedforward signals to anterior piriform cortex whereas feedback from the aPC is predominantly ...


Seeing Eye To Eye: A Machine Learning Approach To Automated Saccade Analysis, Maigh Attre 2019 University of Connecticut

Seeing Eye To Eye: A Machine Learning Approach To Automated Saccade Analysis, Maigh Attre

Honors Scholar Theses

Abnormal ocular motility is a common manifestation of many underlying pathologies particularly those that are neurological. Dynamics of saccades, when the eye rapidly changes its point of fixation, have been characterized for many neurological disorders including concussions, traumatic brain injuries (TBI), and Parkinson’s disease. However, widespread saccade analysis for diagnostic and research purposes requires the recognition of certain eye movement parameters. Key information such as velocity and duration must be determined from data based on a wide set of patients’ characteristics that may range in eye shapes and iris, hair and skin pigmentation [36]. Previous work on saccade analysis ...


Defining Cell Cluster Size By Dielectrophoretic Capture At An Array Of Wireless Electrodes Of Several Distinct Lengths, Joseph T. Banovetz, Min Li, Darshna Pagariya, Sungu Kim, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Robbyn Anand 2019 Iowa State University

Defining Cell Cluster Size By Dielectrophoretic Capture At An Array Of Wireless Electrodes Of Several Distinct Lengths, Joseph T. Banovetz, Min Li, Darshna Pagariya, Sungu Kim, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Robbyn Anand

Chemistry Publications

Clusters of biological cells play an important role in normal and disease states, such as in the release of insulin from pancreatic islets and in the enhanced spread of cancer by clusters of circulating tumor cells. We report a method to pattern cells into clusters having sizes correlated to the dimensions of each electrode in an array of wireless bipolar electrodes (BPEs). The cells are captured by dielectrophoresis (DEP), which confers selectivity, and patterns cells without the need for physical barriers or adhesive interactions that can alter cell function. Our findings demonstrate that this approach readily achieves fine control of ...


Perturbation Based Decomposition Of Semg Signals, Rachel Huettinger 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Perturbation Based Decomposition Of Semg Signals, Rachel Huettinger

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Surface electromyography records the motor unit action potential signals in the vicinity of the electrode to reveal information on muscle activation. Decomposition of sEMG signals for characterization of constituent motor unit action potentials in terms of amplitude and firing times is useful for clinical research as well as diagnosis of neurological disorders. Successful decomposition of sEMG signals would allow for pertinent motor unit action potential information to be acquired without discomfort to the subject or the need for a well-trained operator (compared with intramuscular EMG). To determine amplitudes and firing times for motor unit action potentials in an sEMG recording ...


Development Of A Myoelectric Detection Circuit Platform For Computer Interface Applications, Nickolas Andrew Butler 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Development Of A Myoelectric Detection Circuit Platform For Computer Interface Applications, Nickolas Andrew Butler

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Personal computers and portable electronics continue to rapidly advance and integrate into our lives as tools that facilitate efficient communication and interaction with the outside world. Now with a multitude of different devices available, personal computers are accessible to a wider audience than ever before. To continue to expand and reach new users, novel user interface technologies have been developed, such as touch input and gyroscopic motion, in which enhanced control fidelity can be achieved. For users with limited-to-no use of their hands, or for those who seek additional means to intuitively use and command a computer, novel sensory systems ...


Development Of An Astrocyte/Glioma Co-Culture System For Measuring Cellular Dynamics, Urna Kansakar 2019 Louisiana Tech University

Development Of An Astrocyte/Glioma Co-Culture System For Measuring Cellular Dynamics, Urna Kansakar

Doctoral Dissertations

Gliomas are brain tumors that primarily arise from glial cells. Gliomas account for 70% of the brain tumors and they are more prevalent in older adults. About 60% of the people with gliomas experience at least one seizure. Brain tumors can grow and metastasize to neighboring areas, thereby destroying normal brain cells. In a brain tumor microenvironment, both malignant cancer cells and healthy brain cells are present. Studies have shown that astrocytes may have a role in tumor growth in the brain. Monocultures cannot evaluate interactions between two cell types and does not accurately represent in vivo conditions. Thus, a ...


Titanium Nitride Nanotube Electrode, Gui Chen, Marcella Gatti 2019 Wayne State University

Titanium Nitride Nanotube Electrode, Gui Chen, Marcella Gatti

ROEU 2018-19

This project presents a corrosion-resistant and high capacity implantable TiN nanotube electrode to work as a neural probe. Smaller electrode size allows for reduced tissue damage while the nanopore morphology of the TiN gives a larger surface area and stability to the electrode. The electrode offers improved biocompatibility, reduced tissue damage, reduced cost, and increased usability over time.


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