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Biomechanics and Biotransport Commons

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Human Biomechanics Ii Course Project, Abdelaziz Mohammad 2017 Wright State University

Human Biomechanics Ii Course Project, Abdelaziz Mohammad

Best Integrated Writing

Mohammad tested Human Arm Module PASCO ME-6807A, in order to determine some of the biomechanical characteristics, such as force, tension, instantaneous angular velocity, and acceleration vs. angular position required for various movements and arm positions in space.


Rapid Cell Extraction In Aqueous Two-Phase Microdroplet Systems, Kalpana Vijayakumar, Shelly Gulati, Andrew J. de Mello, Joshua B. Edel 2017 Imperial College London

Rapid Cell Extraction In Aqueous Two-Phase Microdroplet Systems, Kalpana Vijayakumar, Shelly Gulati, Andrew J. De Mello, Joshua B. Edel

Shelly Gulati

Distinguishing specific cells is an essential technique in cell research and clinical diagnostics. We report a novel method to passively isolate and extract cells in a microfluidic device. We utilise a droplet-based microfluidic system to generate an aqueous two phase system in which aqueous droplets consist of two phases in the form of a double emulsion. Specifically, we generate PEG droplets that completely encapsulate DEX droplets within a microfluidic channel. Target cells can be introduced directly into the droplets and driven to partition to the more favourable phase, whilst still being contained within the aqueous droplet. Human T lymphoma cells ...


A Deterministic Model Of The Effect Of Electric Field On Chemotherapeutics Delivery Into A Tumor, Maryam Moarefian, Luke Achenie 2017 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

A Deterministic Model Of The Effect Of Electric Field On Chemotherapeutics Delivery Into A Tumor, Maryam Moarefian, Luke Achenie

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Chemical And Physical Priming Of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells To Alter Nonviral Gene Delivery Outcomes, Tyler Kozisek, Andrew Hamann, Amy Mantz, Mathias Schubert, Eva Schubert, Angela K. Pannier 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Chemical And Physical Priming Of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells To Alter Nonviral Gene Delivery Outcomes, Tyler Kozisek, Andrew Hamann, Amy Mantz, Mathias Schubert, Eva Schubert, Angela K. Pannier

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are a multipotent cell, meaning they are able to differentiate into a more mature cell type, such as osteocytes, chondrocytes, and adipocytes, that are found in numerous tissues in the human body, such as bone marrow, fat, and muscle. Since hMSCs can be derived from adult human tissues, they do not have the same ethical concern associated with them as other stem cells, such as embryonic stem cells. Due to hMSCs multipotency and ease of obtaining, they have become one of the most widely researched stem cell types in areas such ...


Assessment Of The Non-Linear Stress-Strain Characteristics Of Poly (Vinyl Alcohol) Cryogel, Mojdeh Zakeri 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Assessment Of The Non-Linear Stress-Strain Characteristics Of Poly (Vinyl Alcohol) Cryogel, Mojdeh Zakeri

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Creation of tissue-mimicking constructs is of great importance in the field of biomedical engineering. Poly (vinyl Alcohol) (PVA) is a biomaterial capable of simulating a wide range of geometries and mechanical properties of biological tissues. It is nontoxic, biocompatible, and easy to produce. PVA can be physically crosslinked by repeated cycles of freezing and thawing. The final product of this process is called PVA cryogel (PVA-C). The mechanical properties of PVA-C can be accurately controlled by changing PVA molecular weight, PVA concentration, and number and duration of freeze/thaw cycles (FTC). In this study, the stress-strain behavior of PVA cryogel ...


Validation Of Postural Sway Measurements Using Wii Balance Board, Zachary Meade 2017 University of Nebraska Omaha

Validation Of Postural Sway Measurements Using Wii Balance Board, Zachary Meade

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Standing balance measurements, such as postural sway, are vital for determining functional ability, risk of falling and recovery of injuries. Often the need to collect data outside of the typical clinical or research setting arises. However, obtaining these measurements outside of a laboratory setting can be very difficult, as the mobility of a laboratory-grade force plate (FP) is minimal, and its cost can be upwards of $20,000. The purpose of this study is to create a cheaper alternative by validating the Wii Balance Board’s (WBB; Nintendo, Redmond, Washington, USA) ability to measure postural sway patterns. The WBB can ...


Peak Vertical Ground Reaction Force & Stance Phase Time To Assess Post-Tka Interlimb Asymmetry, Abderrahman Ouattas 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Peak Vertical Ground Reaction Force & Stance Phase Time To Assess Post-Tka Interlimb Asymmetry, Abderrahman Ouattas

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

In the US, more than 500,000 TKA surgeries are performed annually, to which 97% of those are led by OA1. Although knee pain is diminished post-TKA, unilateral efficiency and walking asymmetry is still unresolved several years after the surgery2. In fact, within a minimum of 10 years after the primary TKA, almost 50% of patients undergo a secondary TKA on the contralateral limb due to OA progression3. The purpose of this study was to determine if post-Total Knee Arthroplasty peak vertical ground reaction force (pVGRF) asymmetry could be identified using stance phase time differences between the ...


Acl Reconstruction Results In Alterations For Force Control Variability During Multidirectional Force Production, Amelia S. Lanier 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Acl Reconstruction Results In Alterations For Force Control Variability During Multidirectional Force Production, Amelia S. Lanier

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

After anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture most will undergo reconstructive surgery. Within the first year after surgery 25% of patients will re-tear their ACL. Most of those injured attempt to return to sports which include running and cutting. The ability to produce appropriate ground reaction forces may be crucial for the successful return to sports without re-injury. Understanding stability of multidirectional ground reaction force (mGRF) production in healthy and ACL reconstructed (ACL-r) patients can lend insight to the high instance of re-injury. Typically, stability has been measured using linear analyses, but these analyses cannot capture the subtle time varying changes ...


The Effects Of Walking Speed On Gait Propulsion When Wearing An Ankle-Foot Orthosis, Alli Kalina 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

The Effects Of Walking Speed On Gait Propulsion When Wearing An Ankle-Foot Orthosis, Alli Kalina

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a cardiovascular disease that results from blockage of one or more arteries in the lower extremity. Often, patients with PAD have reduced ability to push off with the foot at the end of the gait cycle. When walking, the ankle contributes the majority of the power to propel the body into the next step. An ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) is a device that aids in ankle propulsion by increasing the energy return, thus decreasing the ankle deficit in pathological individuals. The purpose is to investigate the effect of walking speed on ankle propulsion during walking. Subjects ...


Estimation Of The Centre Of Mass From Motion Capture And Force Plate Recordings: A Study On The Elderly, Sebastien Cotton, Michele Vanoncini, Philippe Fraisse, Nacim Ramdani, Emel Demircan, Andrew P. Murray, Thierry Keller 2017 Universite de Montpellier II

Estimation Of The Centre Of Mass From Motion Capture And Force Plate Recordings: A Study On The Elderly, Sebastien Cotton, Michele Vanoncini, Philippe Fraisse, Nacim Ramdani, Emel Demircan, Andrew P. Murray, Thierry Keller

Andrew P. Murray

The estimation of the centre of mass position in humans is usually based on biomechanical models developed from anthropometric tables. This method can potentially introduce errors in studies involving elderly people, since the ageing process is typically associated with a modification of the distribution of the body mass. In this paper, an alternative technique is proposed, and evaluated with an experimental study on 9 elderly volunteers. The technique is based on a virtual chain, identified from experimental data and locating the subject's centre of mass. Its configuration defines the location of the centre of mass, and is a function ...


Shape Recovery With Concomitant Mechanical Strengthening Of Amphiphilic Shape Memory Polymers In Warm Water, Ben Zhang, Janae E. DeBartolo, Jie Song 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Shape Recovery With Concomitant Mechanical Strengthening Of Amphiphilic Shape Memory Polymers In Warm Water, Ben Zhang, Janae E. Debartolo, Jie Song

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Maintaining adequate or enhancing mechanical properties of shape memory polymers (SMPs) after shape recovery in an aqueous environment are greatly desired for biomedical applications of SMPs as self-fitting tissue scaffolds or minimally invasive surgical implants. Here we report stable temporary shape fixing and facile shape recovery of biodegradable triblock amphiphilic SMPs containing a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) center block and flanking poly(lactic acid) or poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) blocks in warm water, accompanied by concomitant enhanced mechanical strengths. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WXRD), and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) analyses revealed that the unique stiffening of the amphiphilic ...


Design Of A Device For Measuring Bulk Fluid Flow In Spine Segments Under Tensile Loads, Tysum Ruchti, Anton Bowden 2017 Brigham Young University

Design Of A Device For Measuring Bulk Fluid Flow In Spine Segments Under Tensile Loads, Tysum Ruchti, Anton Bowden

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Multiple Confined Compression/Stress Relaxation Cycles On Cross-Linked Alginate Pore Size., Sindhu Kolar Venkat, Erik L. Risa, Bergren Antell, Maryam Mobed-Miremadi 2017 Santa Clara University

Effect Of Multiple Confined Compression/Stress Relaxation Cycles On Cross-Linked Alginate Pore Size., Sindhu Kolar Venkat, Erik L. Risa, Bergren Antell, Maryam Mobed-Miremadi

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

No abstract provided.


Modeling The Combined Effect Of Convection And Diffusion In Cross-Linked Alginate Capsules, Erik L. Risa, Sindhu Kolar Venkat, Bergren Antell, Maryam Mobed-Miremadi 2017 Santa Clara University

Modeling The Combined Effect Of Convection And Diffusion In Cross-Linked Alginate Capsules, Erik L. Risa, Sindhu Kolar Venkat, Bergren Antell, Maryam Mobed-Miremadi

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

No abstract provided.


Computational Studies On Biomechanics Of Concussion And On Efficacy Of Football Helmets, David Labyak 2017 Michigan Technological University

Computational Studies On Biomechanics Of Concussion And On Efficacy Of Football Helmets, David Labyak

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Football helmets have been used for many years to prevent head injuries to players. Over the years, the helmet design has evolved from a crude leather head covering to the more recent form fitting helmets that are seen today. The one design feature that has been common in the majority of all helmets is a hard polycarbonate shell with a foam cushion padding. The main goal of the padding layer was to reduce the amount of linear acceleration during an impact event. The one feature that has been overlooked is how stiff the padding is in rotation.

The purpose of ...


Rapid And Label-Free Detection Of Interferon Gamma Via An Electrochemical Aptasensor Comprising A Ternary Surface Monolayer On A Gold Interdigitated Electrode Array, Shaowei Ding, Curtis L. Mosher, Xian Y. Lee, Suprem R. Das, Allison A. Cargill, Xiaohui Tang, Bolin Chen, Eric S. McLamore, Carmen Gomes, Jesse M. Hostetter, Jonathan C. Claussen 2017 Iowa State University

Rapid And Label-Free Detection Of Interferon Gamma Via An Electrochemical Aptasensor Comprising A Ternary Surface Monolayer On A Gold Interdigitated Electrode Array, Shaowei Ding, Curtis L. Mosher, Xian Y. Lee, Suprem R. Das, Allison A. Cargill, Xiaohui Tang, Bolin Chen, Eric S. Mclamore, Carmen Gomes, Jesse M. Hostetter, Jonathan C. Claussen

Mechanical Engineering Publications

A label-free electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) aptasensor for rapid detection (<35 min) of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) was fabricated by immobilizing a RNA aptamer capture probe (ACP), selective to IFN-γ, on a gold interdigitated electrode array (Au IDE). The ACP was modified with a thiol group at the 5′ terminal end and subsequently co-immobilized with 1,6-hexanedithiol (HDT) and 6-mercapto-1-hexanolphosphate (MCH) to the gold surface through thiol–gold interactions. This ACP/HDT-MCH ternary surface monolayer facilitates efficient hybridization with IFN-γ and displays high resistance to nonspecific adsorption of nontarget proteins [i.e., fetal bovine serum (FBS) and bovine serum albumin (BSA)]. The Au IDE functionalized with ACP/HDT-MCH was able to measure IFN-γ in actual FBS solution with a linear sensing range from 22.22 pM to 0.11 nM (1–5 ng/mL) and a detection limit of 11.56 pM. The ability to rapidly sense IFN-γ within this sensing range makes the developed electrochemical platform conducive toward in-field disease detection of a variety of diseases including paratuberculosis (i.e., Johne’s Disease). Furthermore, experimental results were numerically validated with an equivalent circuit model that elucidated the effects of the sensing process and the influence of the immobilized ternary monolayer on signal output. This is the first time that ternary surface monolayers have been used to selectively capture/detect IFN-γ on Au IDEs.


Characterization Of Molecular Communication Based On Cell Metabolism Through Mutual Information And Flux Balance Analysis, Zahmeeth Sayed Sakkaff 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Characterization Of Molecular Communication Based On Cell Metabolism Through Mutual Information And Flux Balance Analysis, Zahmeeth Sayed Sakkaff

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Synthetic biology is providing novel tools to engineer cells and access the basis of their molecular information processing, including their communication channels based on chemical reactions and molecule exchange. Molecular communication is a discipline in communication engineering that studies these types of communications and ways to exploit them for novel purposes, such as the development of ubiquitous and heterogeneous communication networks to interconnect biological cells with nano and biotechnology-enabled devices, i.e., the Internet of Bio-Nano Things. One major problem in realizing these goals stands in the development of reliable techniques to control the engineered cells and their behavior from ...


Synchronization And Random Triggering Of Lymphatic Vessel Contractions, James W. Baish, Christian Kunert, Timothy P. Padera, Lance L. Munn 2016 Bucknell University

Synchronization And Random Triggering Of Lymphatic Vessel Contractions, James W. Baish, Christian Kunert, Timothy P. Padera, Lance L. Munn

Faculty Journal Articles

The lymphatic system is responsible for transporting interstitial fluid back to the bloodstream, but unlike the cardiovascular system, lacks a centralized pump-the heart–to drive flow. Instead, each collecting lymphatic vessel can individually contract and dilate producing unidirectional flow enforced by intraluminal check valves. Due to the large number and spatial distribution of such pumps, high-level coordination would be unwieldy. This leads to the question of how each segment of lymphatic vessel responds to local signals that can contribute to the coordination of pumping on a network basis. Beginning with elementary fluid mechanics and known cellular behaviors, we show that ...


Functional 3-D Cellulose And Nitrocellulose Paper-Based, Microfluidic Device Utilizing Elisa Technology For The Detection/Distinction Between Hemorrhagic And Ischemic Strokes, Alicia Leanne Holler 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Functional 3-D Cellulose And Nitrocellulose Paper-Based, Microfluidic Device Utilizing Elisa Technology For The Detection/Distinction Between Hemorrhagic And Ischemic Strokes, Alicia Leanne Holler

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The purpose of this thesis project is to demonstrate and evaluate an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on a paper microfluidic device platform. The integration of ELISA technology onto paper microfluidic chips allows for a quantitative detection of stroke biomarkers, such as glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Dye experiments were performed to confirm fluid connectivity throughout the 3D chips. Several chip and housing designs were fabricated to determine an optimal design for the microfluidic device. Once this design was finalized, development time testing was performed. The results confirmed that the paper microfluidic device could successfully route fluid throughout its channels at ...


Analysis, Segmentation And Prediction Of Knee Cartilage Using Statistical Shape Models, Joseph Michael Johnson 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Analysis, Segmentation And Prediction Of Knee Cartilage Using Statistical Shape Models, Joseph Michael Johnson

Michael Johnson

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is one of the leading causes of chronic disability (along with the hip). Due to rising healthcare costs associated with OA, it is important to fully understand the disease and how it progresses in the knee. One symptom of knee OA is the degeneration of cartilage in the articulating knee. The cartilage pad plays a major role in painting the biomechanical picture of the knee. This work attempts to quantify the cartilage thickness of healthy male and female knees using statistical shape models (SSMs) for a deep knee bend activity. Additionally, novel cartilage segmentation from ...


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