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Layout Of Basic Research Based On Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Jinbo WAN, Jian JIAO, Peng DU 2022 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Layout Of Basic Research Based On Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Jinbo Wan, Jian Jiao, Peng Du

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The layout of basic research is a typical multi-stakeholder and multi-disciplinary comprehensive policy research, which is suitable to be guided by the think tank double helix methodology. Firstly, the study summarizes the "organization" and theoretical understanding of basic research layout. Secondly, based on MIPS logical hierarchy method and DIIS process fusion method, the study analyzes the fusion mechanism of "discipline layout" and "task layout" of basic research. Finally, the study puts forward the promotion strategies and measures of the future basic research layout from four aspects:system layout, discipline layout, task layout, and international layout.


Formulating Decade Action Plan For Green And Quality Development In Bohai Sea, Shicheng WANG, Shuguang LIU, Hongsheng YANG 2022 Academy of Ocean of China, Qingdao 266100, China School of Economics, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China

Formulating Decade Action Plan For Green And Quality Development In Bohai Sea, Shicheng Wang, Shuguang Liu, Hongsheng Yang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

As the only inland sea of China, Bohai Sea has been regarded as the integrated part of the national territorial space toward green and high-quality development in the new era. The comprehensive environmental treatment in Bohai Sea has achieved noticeable progress, but the problems remain. The trend of biological and ecological degradation of Bohai Sea has not been fundamentally curbed. Guided by President Xi Jinping thought on ecological civilization and on building a maritime community with a shared future, China should join into the Implementation Plan for the United Nations Decade of Marine Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030), and manage ...


Marine Ranching Version 3.0: History, Status And Prospects, Hongsheng YANG, Dewen DING 2022 Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China Engineering Laboratory of Marine Ranching, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China College of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Marine Ranching Version 3.0: History, Status And Prospects, Hongsheng Yang, Dewen Ding

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Since the 1930s, the construction of marine ranching has successively experienced the version 1.0 (traditional marine ranching) of farming-ranching and engineering, and the version 2.0 (marine ecological ranching) of ecologization and informatization, and now it is about to enter the version 3.0 (global aquatic ecological ranching) of digitalization and systematization, which covers seawater and fresh water. Marine ranching version 3.0 must adhere to the modern aquatic ecological ranching development concept of "ecology, precision, intelligence, integration", characterized by synchronous protection and utilization, expansion of scene and space, breakthrough in core technology, and innovation in development patterns. After ...


Policy Overview (March–May, 2021), 2022 Chinese Academy of Sciences

Policy Overview (March–May, 2021)

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

No abstract provided.


Women In Tech In The Mountain West Cities, 2021, Saha Salahi, Joshua Padilla, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Women In Tech In The Mountain West Cities, 2021, Saha Salahi, Joshua Padilla, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Economic Development & Workforce

This fact sheet examines data exploring the SmartAsset, “Best Cities for Women in Tech – 2021 Edition” and presents information on the best cities for women in tech in the Mountain West. This fact sheet focuses on the eight cities in the Mountain West region that appear within the 63 U.S. cities included in the original report.


Strategy Of Scientific And Technological Powerhouse In New Era, Jiaofeng PAN, Jinbo WAN 2022 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Strategy Of Scientific And Technological Powerhouse In New Era, Jiaofeng Pan, Jinbo Wan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Scientific and technological powerhouse is the core of a fully modernized country, and the scientific and technological modernization is an important part of modernization with Chinese characteristics. To grasp the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build the new development pattern, and promote the high-quality development, it is urgent to systematically promote the construction of scientific and technological powerhouse (STP) in the new era from the perspective of strategic system. Firstly, define the strategic connotation and establish the strategic system analysis framework of "strategic environment-strategic objectives-strategic capabilitiesstrategic actions". Secondly, analyze the strategic environment for constructing an STP, accurately ...


Ten-Year Review And Future Trend Of Scientific And Technological Reform, Defang HE, Fuqiang TANG, Hui LIU 2022 Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China, Beijing 100862, China

Ten-Year Review And Future Trend Of Scientific And Technological Reform, Defang He, Fuqiang Tang, Hui Liu

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

From the aspects of the macro-governance capability of science and technology (S&T), the mechanism for tackling emerging problems, the life-time career of S&T researchers, the innovation chain of S&T activities, the life cycle of enterprises, innovation players, regional innovation system, and the ecology of S&T innovation, this study systematically reviews the practical exploration and effects of China's S&T reform experience since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC). It also analyzes the latest S&T reforming characteristics in many other innovative countries, such as stronger strategic coordination, broader government intervention ...


Continuously Strengthening Basic Research And Solidifying Foundation Of Sci-Tech Self-Reliance And Self-Strengthening, Yujiang YE 2022 Department of Basic Research, Ministry of Science and Technology of People's Republic of China, Beijing 100862, China

Continuously Strengthening Basic Research And Solidifying Foundation Of Sci-Tech Self-Reliance And Self-Strengthening, Yujiang Ye

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Basic research is the source of the entire scientific system and the overall engine of all technical issues. Guided by the remarks made by Gerneral Secretary Xi Jinping, this paper elaborates the development rules and trends of basic research. It systematically summarizes the achievements in the development of China's basic research after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Based on the thorough analysis on opportunities and challenges currently faced by China's basic research, it proposes the idea of continuously strengthening basic research and accelerating the process of achieving sci-tech self-reliance and self-strengthening at higher ...


Research On Financial Support For Scientific And Technological Innovation—Review And Prospect Of Development Of Financial Science And Technology In Past Ten Years, Lu ZHAO, Yu CHENG, Qi ZHANG 2022 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China

Research On Financial Support For Scientific And Technological Innovation—Review And Prospect Of Development Of Financial Science And Technology In Past Ten Years, Lu Zhao, Yu Cheng, Qi Zhang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the central and local finance, in accordance with the requirements of President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping, gave full play to their functions, and introduced a series of policies and measures to support scientific and technological innovation, which has effectively promoted the development of science and technology in China. The article reviews the basic situation of financial support for scientific and technological innovation in the past ten years from nine aspects, and looks forward to the future development and reform of financial science and ...


Review On Reform Of Research Evaluation In Past Decade, Fang XU, Xiaoxuan LI 2022 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Review On Reform Of Research Evaluation In Past Decade, Fang Xu, Xiaoxuan Li

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Over the past decade, there have been many scientific and technological evaluation reform documents and great efforts represented by "Three Evaluations" and breaking "Four Only", which have achieved good results but the gap is still huge. This reform has better eliminated the surface problems such as unreasonable evaluation quantity, frequency, and index in the "Three Evaluations". The reform has been initiated in the reward system, talent plan, and project fund management, but is still halfway. The reform of scientific and technological evaluation has not yet achieved a fundamental improvement in the value orientation of guiding scientific researchers to pursue excellence ...


Ten-Year Development Of China’S Science And Technology Talent Policies And Optimizing Approach For Sci-Tech Self-Reliance And Self-Improvement, Kaihua CHEN, Rui GUO, Ruimin PEI 2022 School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China

Ten-Year Development Of China’S Science And Technology Talent Policies And Optimizing Approach For Sci-Tech Self-Reliance And Self-Improvement, Kaihua Chen, Rui Guo, Ruimin Pei

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the science and technology (S&T) talent policies in China have been continuously optimized and developed Consequently, a multi-layered policy system with vertical and horizontal linkages has been formed. The education and training policies have been improved, the utilization and development policies of talents have been enhanced, and the evaluation and incentive policies have become more rational, which effectively guaranteed the high-quality development of China's S&T talents. However, there are still several problems with the current S&T talent policy system, such as incomplete system, low precision ...


China In Global Landscape Of Life Sciences, Xian-En ZHANG 2022 State Key Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China Faculty of Synthetic Biology, Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518055, China

China In Global Landscape Of Life Sciences, Xian-En Zhang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The development of life science for over 150 years can be summarized into three stages:classical genetics, molecular genetics and molecular biology, life omics and systems biology. The contemporary life science is unprecedentedly prosperous, showing several new characteristics:original discoveries emerge in endlessly, promoting massive bottom-level innovations; the convergence of multiple disciplines promotes biological sciences from qualitative description to dynamic, precise and quantitative interpretation; scientific data sharing has become a common rule in the life science community; and the rise of synthetic biology and artificial intelligence (AI) provides a new paradigm for life science research. These characteristics enable the knowledge ...


Analysis Of Principles Of Development Of Key Technologies, Yungang BAO 2022 Institutes of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, ChinaSchool of Computer Science and Technology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Analysis Of Principles Of Development Of Key Technologies, Yungang Bao

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

How to development key technologies requires understanding the principles of technology evolution. This study proposes that the development process of key technologies follows the Metcalf's Law. Furthermore, this paper presents two principles of the development of key technologies from different angles. Finally, several suggestions are raised.


Orientation And Role Of National Scientific Research Institutions In National Strategic Scientific And Technological Strength, Chunliang FAN, Zhe LI 2022 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China

Orientation And Role Of National Scientific Research Institutions In National Strategic Scientific And Technological Strength, Chunliang Fan, Zhe Li

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

An important task of enhancing strategic scientific and technological strength is to strengthen national scientific research institutions. From the history of science and the international development, this study discusses the development of the national research institutions and their characteristics as a national strategic strength of science and technology, and discusses the role of Chinese national research institutions in national development, summarizes the achievements and successful experience of the national research institutions for facing the needs of the country, facing the frontier of science and technology, facing the main economic battlefield, and facing the life and health of the people during ...


Promoting Infrastructure Construction In Advance To Support Sci-Tech Self-Reliance And Self-Strengthening At Higher Level, Yang WANG, Yuanchun ZHOU, Yanguang WANG, Jianhui LI, Fazhi QI, Honglin HE, Fangyu LIAO 2022 Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China

Promoting Infrastructure Construction In Advance To Support Sci-Tech Self-Reliance And Self-Strengthening At Higher Level, Yang Wang, Yuanchun Zhou, Yanguang Wang, Jianhui Li, Fazhi Qi, Honglin He, Fangyu Liao

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The research infrastructure is the basic and strategic platform of scientific and technological innovation. In the last decade, China's research infrastructure has achieved leapfrog development in the level of observation, manufacturing, management, data acquisition, data sharing and utilization, which supports China's scientific and technological innovation activities at a higher level. Looking into the future, the scientific research paradigm is transforming. The network, data, and computing platform will not only support the development of major science and technology infrastructure and field stations in larger, more accurate, and more advanced approach, but also contribute to the transformation of scientific research ...


Developing Science And Technology Policies For High Risk-High Reward Research, Lingjing CAO, Zhiqiang ZHANG 2022 Chengdu Library and Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China Department of Library, Information and Archives Management, School of Economics and Management, University of ChineseAcademy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China

Developing Science And Technology Policies For High Risk-High Reward Research, Lingjing Cao, Zhiqiang Zhang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

High Risk-High Reward (HRHR) research refers to scientific research with high risk of failure but characterized by breakthrough, innovation and originality. It truly reflects the original innovation ability of science and technology, is committed to bringing major scientific discoveries and technological breakthroughs, and is conducive to accelerating the improvement of national competitiveness in original science and technology. The theoretical and methodological research in this area will help improve science and technology policies. On the basis of clarifying its development background, conceptual connotation and characteristics, this paper discusses the construction of a "decision-fundingimplementation" model of HRHR research and management system. By ...


National Innovation Force Measurement And International Comparison: 2006–2020, Kaihua CHEN, Chao ZHANG, Xiaoyu XUE 2022 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

National Innovation Force Measurement And International Comparison: 2006–2020, Kaihua Chen, Chao Zhang, Xiaoyu Xue

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Based on the innovation value chain, this study establishes the "three horizontal and two vertical dimensions" measurement framework of National Innovation Force, which has a science-technology-industry horizontal dimension and a strength-effectiveness vertical dimension. The framework realizes a comprehensive analysis of National Innovation System from different perspectives and supports the categorized research and differentiated implementation of innovation policies and strategies. The framework considers the differences in science, technology, and innovation activities, as well as those between strength and effectiveness. Based on the analysis of 35 countries in The Report of National Innovation Force Measurement and International Comparison completed by the authors ...


On Deep Integration Of Party Building And Scientific Research Endeavors In Research Institutes, Changhong NIE, Bingguo JIANG, Baoyu JIA 2022 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

On Deep Integration Of Party Building And Scientific Research Endeavors In Research Institutes, Changhong Nie, Bingguo Jiang, Baoyu Jia

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Promoting the deep integration of Party building and scientific research endeavors in research institutes is an important measure to strengthen the Party's overall leadership over the development of science and technology, implement the requirement of full and strict governance of the Party, improve the effectiveness of Party building in research institutes, and advance the modernization of the governance system and capacity of research institutes. This study adopts the perspective of innovation management and discusses the theoretical basis for promoting the deep integration of Party building and scientific research endeavors in research institutes. On the basis of studying and reviewing ...


Butterfly Pattern: Innovative Exploration Of Scientific Research Paradigm In Era Of Big Science—Based On 15-Year Practice Of Integrated Development Of Science And Industry In Shenzhen Institute Of Advanced Technology (Siat), Chinese Academy Of Sciences, Jianping FAN 2022 Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518055, China

Butterfly Pattern: Innovative Exploration Of Scientific Research Paradigm In Era Of Big Science—Based On 15-Year Practice Of Integrated Development Of Science And Industry In Shenzhen Institute Of Advanced Technology (Siat), Chinese Academy Of Sciences, Jianping Fan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

In the era of big science, the innovation chain and the industry chain are deeply integrated, promoting the continuous evolution of the underlying logic of the "linear model" and the "Pasteur's quadrant". The world scientific research is gradually evolving to the collaborative interaction of innovative subjects and the system integration of various elements. On the basis of in-depth exploration of the linear model and Pasteur's quadrant, SIAT focuses on creating a closed-loop ecology of the innovation chain and industrial chain. By integrating science and industry from design to advancing, SIAT has built a "butterfly pattern", which integrates and ...


Allegories And Alleles: A Narrative Policy Framework Analysis Of The Debate Over Animal Bioengineering, Betsy Presgraves 2022 Clemson University

Allegories And Alleles: A Narrative Policy Framework Analysis Of The Debate Over Animal Bioengineering, Betsy Presgraves

All Dissertations

With the USDA’s recent takeover of animal bioengineering regulation, public comments have been reopened about the issue, with the Biden administration seeking more information about public opinion. The debate over U.S. regulation has raged for decades with a pro-genetic modification coalition seeking more efficient approvals and the anti-genetic modification coalition seeking labelling, more open and strict approval processes, and even outright bans. Each side has employed a variety of communication approaches, chief among them the use of narrative.

This study aims to determine how narrative structures affect this debate. Using the Narrative Policy Framework (NPF), I seek to ...


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