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Food Law & Policy: An Essay, Peter Barton Hutt 2021 Covington & Burling, Washington, D.C.

Food Law & Policy: An Essay, Peter Barton Hutt

Journal of Food Law & Policy

Food has been the driving preoccupation of humans since the dawn of evolution. Exactly when food processing began and when the original hunter-gatherers settled down to develop agriculture-or even the question of which of these occurred first-remain issues of scholarly pursuit and debate. It is clear, however, that these events occurred millennia before the advent of recorded history; therefore, we must rely on largely adventitious discoveries of archeological artifacts to advance our developing knowledge of these events.


Affordable Housing In San Francisco: A Historical Analysis Of Its Finances And Policies, Ricky H. Tran 2021 The University of San Francisco

Affordable Housing In San Francisco: A Historical Analysis Of Its Finances And Policies, Ricky H. Tran

Master's Projects and Capstones

The affordable housing crisis is not new to San Francisco. As it has been made clear several times, The Bay Area continues to face a crisis of a massive wealth disparity as housing prices continue to rise as incomes for the top earners have risen dramatically since 1999. In San Francisco, rents and housing prices are one of the highest in the nation, and people are facing rent burdens, in which a large portion of their income goes to rent, as for those with low and extremely low income are facing severe rent burdens, which take up more than 50 ...


To New Geographies: Implementing U.S. Department Of Energy Order 151.1d, Comprehensive Emergency Management System, Eric B. Sussman 2021 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

To New Geographies: Implementing U.S. Department Of Energy Order 151.1d, Comprehensive Emergency Management System, Eric B. Sussman

Capstone Collection

Emergency Management programs at National Nuclear Security Administration facilities are governed by federal policy directive Department of Energy Order 151.1D, Comprehensive Emergency Management System. The prescriptions within the Order are often at odds with industry-standard frameworks and vocabularies established by the Department of Homeland Security. Boleman and Deal’s Four Frame Model offers the tenets of the Political, Structural, Human Resource, and Symbolic lens perspectives to clarify the nature of disparate programs precipitant from disparate agency policies. This project utilizes a Phenomenological Interpretivist Framework for qualitative research to triangulate data across textual analyses, public perception, and practitioner experience, thus ...


Creating House Sharing Programs Standards-Based Evaluation For House Sharing Programs Within California, Diem Hoang 2021 San Jose State University

Creating House Sharing Programs Standards-Based Evaluation For House Sharing Programs Within California, Diem Hoang

Master's Projects

This research compared various house sharing programs in the National House Sharing Resource Center that are approved by California counties and cities and operated through nonprofit agencies with standard metrics published by Affordable Living for the Aging (ALA). The objective was to determine the most successful practices. This research paper used the standard metrics that were published in ALA to compare and analyze 11 non-profit organization operations with the expectations that were set by the publication.


The Role Of Social Media In Policy Formulation Improvement In California, Khoi Minh Nguyen 2021 San Jose State University

The Role Of Social Media In Policy Formulation Improvement In California, Khoi Minh Nguyen

Master's Projects

How could staff members of California Assembly members use social media to improve policy formulation? The purpose of this study is to assess the role that social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook could play in the formulation and evaluation of policies in the state of California, given the increasing application of big data in decision making in the private sector. This study further evaluated how emerging technologies such as machine learning and artificial intelligence could be used to determine the attitudes and perceptions of the citizens of California, specifically on policy issues, and analyze how these technologies could ...


The Permitting And Completion Of Accessory Dwelling Units (Adus) In Santa Clara County To Satisfy The Regional Housing Needs Allocation, Phuong Pham 2021 San Jose State University

The Permitting And Completion Of Accessory Dwelling Units (Adus) In Santa Clara County To Satisfy The Regional Housing Needs Allocation, Phuong Pham

Master's Projects

The research question for this study is as follows: How have the local jurisdictions in Santa Clara County changed their General Plans, the General Plan housing elements, and zoning ordinances to comply with the new state law on ADU development that went into effect on January 1, 2020? Can the creation of ADUs be counted as low-income housing units to contribute to achieving Santa Clara County's RHNA goals?


Mapping Renewal: How An Unexpected Interdisciplinary Collaboration Transformed A Digital Humanities Project, Elise Tanner, Geoffrey Joseph 2021 UA Little Rock Center for Arkansas History and Culture

Mapping Renewal: How An Unexpected Interdisciplinary Collaboration Transformed A Digital Humanities Project, Elise Tanner, Geoffrey Joseph

Digital Initiatives Symposium

Funded by a National Endowment for Humanities (NEH) Humanities Collections and Reference Resources Foundations Grant, the UA Little Rock Center for Arkansas History and Culture’s “Mapping Renewal” pilot project focused on creating access to and providing spatial context to archival materials related to racial segregation and urban renewal in the city of Little Rock, Arkansas, from 1954-1989. An unplanned interdisciplinary collaboration with the UA Little Rock Arkansas Economic Development Institute (AEDI) has proven to be an invaluable partnership. One team member from each department will demonstrate the Mapping Renewal website and discuss how the collaborative process has changed and ...


Lessons Learned: Robert Hoyt, Esq., Yasemin Esmen 2021 Yale University

Lessons Learned: Robert Hoyt, Esq., Yasemin Esmen

Journal of Financial Crises

Robert Hoyt was General Counsel at the U.S. Department of Treasury between 2006 and 2009. He oversaw legal aspects of policies implemented to manage the crisis, including the rescues of Bear Stearns, AIG, and the U.S. Auto industry, the conservatorship of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, and the failure of Lehman Brothers, as well as the creation and implementation of the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP.) This Lessons Learned is based on a phone interview with Mr. Hoyt.


The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac – Module Z: Overview, Rosalind Z. Wiggins, Ben Henken, Adam Kulam, Daniel Thompson, Andrew Metrick 2021 Yale Program on Financial Stability

The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac – Module Z: Overview, Rosalind Z. Wiggins, Ben Henken, Adam Kulam, Daniel Thompson, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

In September 2008, as the financial crisis that had begun the previous year escalated, the US government appointed a conservator for two government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs), the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac), that dominated the secondary mortgage market and were among the largest participants in the global capital markets. The conservatorships were the hallmark of a multipart rescue plan intended to save the firms from insolvency and a disorderly collapse and required the combined and coordinated efforts of several government agencies and instrumentalities. Ultimately, the government invested $191.5 billion into ...


The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac-Module B: Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreements, Daniel Thompson 2021 Yale University

The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac-Module B: Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreements, Daniel Thompson

Journal of Financial Crises

On September 6, 2008, as part of a four-part government intervention, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) took into conservatorship the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac), two government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) that dominated the US secondary mortgage market. Concurrently, the FHFA, as conservator, entered into Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreements (SPSPAs) with Treasury, under which Treasury committed to provide funding to ensure the GSEs’ positive net worth. In return, Treasury received senior preferred stock and a warrant to purchase 79.9% of the GSEs’ common stock. The SPSPAs have been amended ...


Tractorcade: Investigating The Relationship Between Group Theory And The American Agriculture Movement's Attempt At Policy Change, Hanna M. Metzler 2021 University of Mississippi

Tractorcade: Investigating The Relationship Between Group Theory And The American Agriculture Movement's Attempt At Policy Change, Hanna M. Metzler

Honors Theses

This thesis aims to investigate the relationship between The American Agriculture Movement (AAM) and group theory, with a focus on AAM’s usage of Tractorcade as a tool to promote policy change. Gathering data through a myriad of sources - including existing literature, oral histories, newspaper articles, documents, and journal entires - this thesis analyzes AAM’s Tractorcade demonstration as a social movement aimed at influencing policy change. Utilizing Charles Tilly’s worthiness, unity, numbers, and commitment (WUNC) social movement framework, we find that although AAM employed strong unity and numbers, they failed in displaying substantial worthiness or commitment, ultimately leading to ...


Unrules, Cary Coglianese, Gabriel Scheffler, Daniel Walters 2021 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

Unrules, Cary Coglianese, Gabriel Scheffler, Daniel Walters

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

At the center of contemporary debates over public law lies administrative agencies’ discretion to impose rules. Yet, for every one of these rules, there are also unrules nearby. Often overlooked and sometimes barely visible, unrules are the decisions that regulators make to lift or limit the scope of a regulatory obligation, for instance through waivers, exemptions, and exceptions. In some cases, unrules enable regulators to reduce burdens on regulated entities or to conserve valuable government resources in ways that make law more efficient. However, too much discretion to create unrules can facilitate undue business influence over the law, weaken regulatory ...


Self-Determination In American Discourse: The Supreme Court’S Historical Indoctrination Of Free Speech And Expression, Jarred Williams 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Self-Determination In American Discourse: The Supreme Court’S Historical Indoctrination Of Free Speech And Expression, Jarred Williams

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Within the American criminal legal system, it is a well-established practice to presume the innocence of those charged with criminal offenses unless proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. Such a judicial framework-like approach, called a legal maxim, is utilized in order to ensure that the law is applied and interpreted in ways that legislative bodies originally intended.

The central aim of this piece in relation to the First Amendment of the United States Constitution is to investigate whether the Supreme Court of the United States has utilized a specific legal maxim within cases that dispute government speech or expression regulation ...


The Deregulation Deception, Cary Coglianese, Natasha Sarin, Stuart Shapiro 2021 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

The Deregulation Deception, Cary Coglianese, Natasha Sarin, Stuart Shapiro

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

President Donald Trump and his supporters repeatedly pointed to positive economic trends in the United States prior to the pandemic as proof of the growth delivered by his Administration, especially through deregulation. Yet, the Trump Administration actually accomplished much less by way of deregulation than it claimed—and much less than most commentators and scholars have surmised. In this Article, we perform an original analysis of data on federal regulation from the Trump Administration’s four years and find every claim made about its deregulatory record turned out either to be wrong or significantly exaggerated. The reality is that the ...


The History Of Denying Federal Financial Aid To System-Impacted Students, Bradley D. Custer 2021 Center for American Progress

The History Of Denying Federal Financial Aid To System-Impacted Students, Bradley D. Custer

Journal of Student Financial Aid

People who are impacted by the criminal justice system (“system-impacted”) face barriers when seeking financial aid to pay for college. Between the late 1960s and the early 2000s, Congress created laws that prohibited incarcerated students and students with certain criminal convictions from receiving federal grants and loans. This paper offers a comprehensive review of the history of those laws, which provides context for current debates on restoring Pell Grants to students in prison. Legislative documents, scholarly sources, and news reports were studied to build this historical review. Key lessons from history are discussed as to how Congress might treat system-impacted ...


Reply Memorandum Of The United States House Of Representatives In The Impeachment Trial Of President Donald J. Trump, U.S. House of Representatives Managers 2021 U.S. House of Representatives Managers

Reply Memorandum Of The United States House Of Representatives In The Impeachment Trial Of President Donald J. Trump, U.S. House Of Representatives Managers

U.S. Senate Documents

INTRODUCTION 1

ARGUMENT 5

PRESIDENT TRUMP’S ATTEMPTED DEFENSES FAIL 5

A. President Trump Cannot Reasonably Deny Responsibility For Inciting The Insurrection 5

B. The Senate Has Jurisdiction To Try This Impeachment . 10

C. The First Amendment Provides No Defense to Conviction and Disqualification 19

D. President Trump Has Received From Congress All The Process He Was Due 23

E. The Senate Is Not Limited To The Standards Of Criminal Law . 26

F. The Article Does Not Charge Multiple Instances Of Impeachable Conduct 29


Replication Of The United States House Of Representatives To The Answer Of President Donald J. Trump To The Article Of Impeachment, U.S. House of Representatives Managers 2021 U.S. House of Representatives Managers

Replication Of The United States House Of Representatives To The Answer Of President Donald J. Trump To The Article Of Impeachment, U.S. House Of Representatives Managers

U.S. Senate Documents

The House of Representatives, through its Managers and counsel, replies to the Answer of President Donald J. Trump as follows: The House denies each and every allegation in the Answer that denies the acts, knowledge, intent, or wrongful conduct charged against President Trump. The House states that each and every allegation in the Article of Impeachment is true, and that any affirmative defenses and legal defenses set forth in the Answer are wholly without merit. The House further states that the Article of Impeachment properly alleges an impeachable offense under the Constitution, is not subject to a motion to dismiss ...


Trial Memorandum Of The United States House Of Representatives In The Impeachment Trial Of President Donald J. Trump, Jamie Raskin, Diana DeGette, David Cicilline, Joaquin Castro, Eric Swalwell, Ted Lieu, Stacey Plaskett, Madeleine Dean, Joe Neguse 2021 U.S. House of Representatives (Maryland)

Trial Memorandum Of The United States House Of Representatives In The Impeachment Trial Of President Donald J. Trump, Jamie Raskin, Diana Degette, David Cicilline, Joaquin Castro, Eric Swalwell, Ted Lieu, Stacey Plaskett, Madeleine Dean, Joe Neguse

U.S. Senate Documents

INTRODUCTION ....................... 1

STATEMENT OF FACTS ........................... 5

A. President Trump Refuses to Accept the Results of the 2020 Election ........ 5

B. President Trump Encourages His Followers to Come to Washington on January 6, 2021 and “Fight” to Overturn the Election Results ............. 12

C. Vice President Pence Refuses to Overturn the Election Results ........... 18

D. President Trump Incites Insurrectionists to Attack the Capitol ........ 20

E. Insurrectionists Incited by President Trump Attack the Capitol ........... 22

F. President Trump’s Dereliction of Duty During the Attack ............ 29

G. The House Approves An Article of Impeachment with Bipartisan Support ....... 34

ARGUMENT .............................. 36

I. PRESIDENT TRUMP ...


Answer Of President Donald John Trump, 45th President Of The United States, To Article I: Incitement Of Insurrection, Bruce Castor Jr, David Schoen 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Answer Of President Donald John Trump, 45th President Of The United States, To Article I: Incitement Of Insurrection, Bruce Castor Jr, David Schoen

U.S. Senate Documents

To: The Honorable,the Members of the Unites States Senate:

The 45th President of the United States,Donald John Trump,through his counsel Bruce L. Castor, Jr., and David Schoen hereby responds to the Article of Impeachment lodged against him by the United States House of Representatives by breaking the allegations out into 8 Averments ... WHEREFORE,Donald John Trump,45th President of the United States respectfully requests the Honorable Members of the Senate of the United States dismiss Article I: Incitementof Insurrectionagainst him as moot, and thus in violation of the Constitution, because the Senate lacks jurisdiction to remove from ...


Lessons Learned: Phil Angelides, Sandra Ward 2021 Yale University

Lessons Learned: Phil Angelides, Sandra Ward

Journal of Financial Crises

Phil Angelides chaired the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission (FCIC) established by Congress in the aftermath of the global financial crisis of 2007-09 with the purpose of understanding what precipitated the crisis so that any future crises might be averted. The 10-member bipartisan commission, known as the “Angelides Commission” after its chair, convened in September 2010. Meeting in a span of 15 months and holding 19 public hearings and interviewing more than 700 people, the commission submitted its findings in January 2011. The commission concluded that the crisis was avoidable, the “result of human actions, inactions, and misjudgments.” The report included ...


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