Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Defense and Security Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

5,170 Full-Text Articles 2,988 Authors 1,536,504 Downloads 137 Institutions

All Articles in Defense and Security Studies

Faceted Search

5,170 full-text articles. Page 1 of 165.

Space And Defense – Volume Twelve – Number One – Winter 2021, Space and Defense Journal 2021 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Space And Defense – Volume Twelve – Number One – Winter 2021, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Atrocity Actors In Transitional Justice Processes In Sierra Leone, Nicoleta Mirza 2021 University of North Georgia

The Role Of Atrocity Actors In Transitional Justice Processes In Sierra Leone, Nicoleta Mirza

International Journal of Security Studies

The article observes the role of atrocity actors and mainly the victim, perpetrator, and bystander in the transitional Justice Processes in the country of Sierra Leone. The article examines such mechanisms as truth commissions, trials, and cultural practice. It seeks to identify if and how did the transitional justice mechanisms help the atrocity actors in the case of Sierra Leone. Nonetheless, before approaching the transitional justice processes in the presented case study, the research shortly defines the atrocity actors: victim, perpetrator, bystander. Moreover, the paper goes beyond simply observing the transitional Justice Processes in the chosen case studies. Therefore, in ...


America’S Global Medical Supply Chain: Painful Lessons From The Covid-19 Pandemic With Single-Source Supply Chains And Challenges Of Global Supplier Integration, Gerald Krieger 2021 NESA

America’S Global Medical Supply Chain: Painful Lessons From The Covid-19 Pandemic With Single-Source Supply Chains And Challenges Of Global Supplier Integration, Gerald Krieger

International Journal of Security Studies

ABSTRACT

Throughout the early months of January to March 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic generated shock waves worldwide. Hospitals struggled to provide the required medical personal protective equipment (PPE) to safeguard their staff and emergency personnel. Fragile medical logistics infrastructure only exacerbated the crisis. Changes to medical supply chains had transformed almost unnoticeably in the quest for low-cost suppliers and rested on precarious single-source international manufacturing centers. This essay will highlight some of the challenges of contemporary medical supply chains, specifically PPE, such as face masks, surgical gloves, and medical gowns. However, the focus is primarily on masks, with the 3M ...


The Long-Term Cost Of Cyber Overreaction, Jan Kallberg 2021 Army Cyber Institute

The Long-Term Cost Of Cyber Overreaction, Jan Kallberg

ACI Journal Articles

The default modus operandi when facing negative cyber events is to overreact. It is essential to highlight the cost of overreaction, which needs to be a part of calculating when to engage and how. For an adversary probing cyber defenses, reactions provide information that can aggregate a clear picture of the defendant’s capabilities and preauthorization thresholds.

Ideally, potential adversaries cannot assess our strategic and tactical cyber capacities, but over time and numerous responses, the information advantage evaporates. A reactive culture triggered by cyberattacks provides significant information to a probing adversary, which seeks to understand underlying authorities and tactics, techniques ...


The European Union: Data Protection For Economic Competition And Regional Security, Matthew D. Wurst 2021 Portland State University

The European Union: Data Protection For Economic Competition And Regional Security, Matthew D. Wurst

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

The collection and use of personal data is being increasingly scrutinized by governments and the European Union (EU) has been attempting to handle the development of data protection based progressive protections to protect its citizens data and right to privacy. With the reemergence of Russia in challenging the state of affairs within Europe, their illegal seizure of the Crimea from Ukraine demonstrated the lengths Russia will go to in order to preserve its sphere of influence. Furthermore, Russia’s use of cyber tactics and hybrid warfare has caused many in Europe to become more concerned for their security. When viewed ...


The Coercive Logic Of Militant Drone Use, Austin C. Doctor, James I. Walsh 2021 US Army War College

The Coercive Logic Of Militant Drone Use, Austin C. Doctor, James I. Walsh

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

While unmanned aerial systems can serve as a force multiplier for militants, these systems do not embody a transformation in modern insurgent warfare or enable militants to engage regularly in strategic coercion. Instead, drone use is consistent with a militant group’s relative capabilities and broader strategic objectives. Consequently, these groups are likely to employ drones primarily for theater and tactical military purposes.


Integrated Planning And Campaigning For Complex Problems, Robert S. Ehlers Jr., Patrick Blannin 2021 US Army War College

Integrated Planning And Campaigning For Complex Problems, Robert S. Ehlers Jr., Patrick Blannin

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

Shortfalls and inefficiencies in traditional planning and campaigning have become increasingly clear in the current hyperconnected security environment. US military planners can mitigate these deficiencies by embracing integrated planning and campaigning approaches including the development of new organizational structures and processes. These improvements will give senior leaders increased options as the US military and US Allies and partners address complex problems with better effect and to greater advantage.


On “The Politics Of Oath-Taking”, David J. Wasserstein, Jimmie R. Montgomery, Marybeth P. Ulrich 2021 US Army War College

On “The Politics Of Oath-Taking”, David J. Wasserstein, Jimmie R. Montgomery, Marybeth P. Ulrich

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

No abstract provided.


Parameters Summer 2021, USAWC Press 2021 US Army War College

Parameters Summer 2021, Usawc Press

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

The US Army War College Quarterly, Parameters, is a refereed forum for contemporary strategy and Landpower issues. It furthers the education and professional development of senior military officers and members of government and academia concerned with national security affairs.


Toward Successful Coin: Shining Path’S Decline, Darren Colby 2021 US Army War College

Toward Successful Coin: Shining Path’S Decline, Darren Colby

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

The rapid decline of the Peruvian left-wing insurgent organization Sendero Luminoso was not only the result of the arrest of its leader. An analysis of the precipitous weakening of the organization using two social movement theories finds other factors were involved in the demise of the organization as well. These factors—participatory politics, support for the military among the rural population, and alienation of the population by Sendero Luminoso—provide insights to effective counterinsurgency tactics.


Europe: A Strategy For A Regional And Middle Power, Jean-Yves Haine, Cynthia Salloum 2021 US Army War College

Europe: A Strategy For A Regional And Middle Power, Jean-Yves Haine, Cynthia Salloum

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

As the European Union deals with yet another crisis— the COVID-19 pandemic—it must adopt a grand strategy based on unity, policy, and proportionality: cohesion over inaction, policy over process, and regional imperatives over global ambitions. An analysis of past strategy documents and a study of current international trends stress the need for a Union capable of shaping its own environment rather than reacting to it. The pandemic should accelerate Europe’s journey toward power maturity and responsibility.


Coin Doctrine Is Wrong, M. Chris Mason 2021 US Army War College

Coin Doctrine Is Wrong, M. Chris Mason

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

Counterinsurgency does not increase the legitimacy of, or support for, central governments engaged in internal conflicts. Recent research shows quantifiable degrees of government legitimacy, national identity, and population security are necessary precursors and accurate predictors of a government’s ability to outlast a civil uprising. Because the first two predictors—government legitimacy and national identity—can be measured and do not increase during a conflict, the probability of government failure in most cases can be accurately predicted when the conflict starts.


Greater Security Cooperation: Us Allies In Europe And East Asia, Tongfi Kim, Luis Simón 2021 US Army War College

Greater Security Cooperation: Us Allies In Europe And East Asia, Tongfi Kim, Luis Simón

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

Growing Sino-Russian coordination necessitates greater security cooperation between US Allies in Europe and East Asia. US Allies in both regions face remarkably similar threats requiring similar operational concepts, capabilities, and technologies. Further, these Allies must hedge against the specter of US abandonment. An exploration of the links between the two geographically distant US Alliance networks illustrates the Allies’ perspectives on US extended deterrence and highlights opportunities to devise better policies for cooperation.


Jdn 2-19: Hitting The Target But Missing The Mark, Ann Mezzell, J. Wesley Hutto 2021 US Army War College

Jdn 2-19: Hitting The Target But Missing The Mark, Ann Mezzell, J. Wesley Hutto

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

Predoctrinal deliberations about the employment of the US armed forces, captured in Joint Doctrine Notes, remain critically understudied. Using comparative text analysis, this article identifies changes in recent Joint Doctrine Note depictions of military strategy. These changes risk distorting the logic of military strategy, sacrificing means-ends integration to organizational impulse, and raising the prospect of future shortfalls in US strategic effectiveness.


From The Editor In Chief, Antulio J. Echevarria II 2021 US Army War College

From The Editor In Chief, Antulio J. Echevarria Ii

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

No abstract provided.


Matthew Ridgway And The Value Of Persistent Dissent, Conrad C. Crane 2021 US Army War College

Matthew Ridgway And The Value Of Persistent Dissent, Conrad C. Crane

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

Army General Matthew Ridgway’s actions throughout his career provide a valuable example of the appropriate time and place for serious dissent by military leaders. Ridgway demonstrated the importance of selectively and pragmatically expressing open


Book Reviews, USAWC Press 2021 US Army War College

Book Reviews, Usawc Press

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

No abstract provided.


An Inferentially Robust Look At Two Competing Explanations For The Surge In Unauthorized Migration From Central America, Nick Santos 2021 University of San Diego

An Inferentially Robust Look At Two Competing Explanations For The Surge In Unauthorized Migration From Central America, Nick Santos

Dissertations

The last 8 years have seen a dramatic increase in the flow of Central American apprehensions by the U.S. Border Patrol. Explanations for this surge in apprehensions have been split between two leading hypotheses. Most academic scholars, immigrant advocates, progressive media outlets, and human rights organizations identify poverty and violence (the Poverty and Violence Hypothesis) in Central America as the primary triggers responsible. In contrast, while most government officials, conservative think tanks, and the agencies that work in the immigration and border enforcement realm admit poverty and violence may underlie some decisions to migrate, they instead blame lax U ...


To New Geographies: Implementing U.S. Department Of Energy Order 151.1d, Comprehensive Emergency Management System, Eric B. Sussman 2021 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

To New Geographies: Implementing U.S. Department Of Energy Order 151.1d, Comprehensive Emergency Management System, Eric B. Sussman

Capstone Collection

Emergency Management programs at National Nuclear Security Administration facilities are governed by federal policy directive Department of Energy Order 151.1D, Comprehensive Emergency Management System. The prescriptions within the Order are often at odds with industry-standard frameworks and vocabularies established by the Department of Homeland Security. Boleman and Deal’s Four Frame Model offers the tenets of the Political, Structural, Human Resource, and Symbolic lens perspectives to clarify the nature of disparate programs precipitant from disparate agency policies. This project utilizes a Phenomenological Interpretivist Framework for qualitative research to triangulate data across textual analyses, public perception, and practitioner experience, thus ...


Potential For Democratization In Ethiopia, Abby Sonnier 2021 University of Mississippi

Potential For Democratization In Ethiopia, Abby Sonnier

Honors Theses

The United States is losing the competition for global power to China, especially on the African continent. This thesis aims to analyze opportunities for the United States to take advantage of China’s withdrawal from Ethiopia in order to develop relations with the quickly growing country and influence the country toward democratization. This author found that while democracy is not likely, through increasing relations with Ethiopia’s prime minister, the United States has an opportunity to push for increased individual freedoms for Ethiopians. The author relied on open-source information and strategic analytic techniques often employed by the U.S. intelligence ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress