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Pop Rocks And Persistence: Finding The Women In U.S. Foreign Policy And National Security, Lily Hoak 2021 University of Puget Sound

Pop Rocks And Persistence: Finding The Women In U.S. Foreign Policy And National Security, Lily Hoak

The Commons: Puget Sound Journal of Politics

One hundred years after the ratification of the 19th amendment, women in the United States continue to face societal and institutionalized biases that can undermine the success of women everywhere. This is especially true when it comes to leadership in the U.S. government. And while the number of women serving in state and federal legislatures has increased, the number of women leaders in the foreign policy and national security establishment continues to be lacking. As I progressed in my International Relations degree, it became apparent that I was most frequently learning about men, from men, and then I ...


An Ember Of The Shining Path: A Content And Text Analysis Of The Peru People's Movement's "Sol Rojo" Magazine, Matthew A. Hughes 2021 US Army

An Ember Of The Shining Path: A Content And Text Analysis Of The Peru People's Movement's "Sol Rojo" Magazine, Matthew A. Hughes

International Journal of Security Studies

Far-left terrorism rocked Latin America during the 1980s and 1990s, making that region the epicenter of global terrorism for fourteen years. Now, nearly three decades after the Shining Path collapsed under the Peruvian Government’s counter-insurgency efforts, remnants of the group continue to operate. While the brutality and carnage for which the Shining Path is known have subsided, factions disseminate propaganda calling for the “People’s War” and revolution. One such faction, the Peruvian People’s Movement, has published the magazine Sol Rojo [Red Sun] at a rate of about two editions since around 1994. This study examines content from ...


Victims Of Anti-Asian Bias Homicides In The United States, 1990-2019, Jeff Gruenewald, Katie Ratcliff 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Victims Of Anti-Asian Bias Homicides In The United States, 1990-2019, Jeff Gruenewald, Katie Ratcliff

Research Projects

Background: Asians have increasingly becometargets of bias crime since China was publicly linkedto the COVID-19 virus outbreak. Acts of violencetargeting persons because of their Asian descent arenot new and have included brutal attacks resulting inthe death and elevated levels of fear across Asiancommunities.


Contextualizing The Politics Of Ten-Household Cluster Initiatives (Nyumba Kumi) For Human Security In Kenya, Edmond M. Were, Paul A. Opondo 2021 Kisii University

Contextualizing The Politics Of Ten-Household Cluster Initiatives (Nyumba Kumi) For Human Security In Kenya, Edmond M. Were, Paul A. Opondo

Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies

National security has been a preserve of the State to the detriment of the welfare of the masses. Human security on the other hand incorporates the basic security elements that are globally recognized and touch on the daily lives of the masses. The Ten Household Cluster Initiatives that have been practiced in East Asia, Caribbean and parts of Western Europe and adapted in Eastern Africa are an avenue through which human security can be addressed though they are tightly controlled by the state and characterized by human rights flaws. Their rationalization is anchored in theories of individualism and communitarianism that ...


Isbanban Foundation Volunteers During The Covid-19pandemic: Activities & Innovation, Ariza Bima Putra, Puspitasari Puspitasari 2021 School of Strategic and Global Studies, Universitas Indonesia

Isbanban Foundation Volunteers During The Covid-19pandemic: Activities & Innovation, Ariza Bima Putra, Puspitasari Puspitasari

Journal of Strategic and Global Studies

ISBANBAN is an educational driving foundation in Banten that arranges programs to achieve curriculum goals in schools through 21st Century Skill that elaborates and encourages the ability of fostered to master the skills of Communication, Collaboration, Critical Thinking and Creativity for children aged 4 - 12 years old. Since the Covid-19 pandemic and the adoption of large-scale social restrictions and physical distancing by the government, this affected the voluntary activities carried out at Isbanban Foundation. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to obtain information about the ISBANBAN volunteers activities in Banten during this covid-19 pandemic, as well as innovative activities ...


Islamic Bussiness Concept In Facing Moral Hazard Of Mudharabah Financing In Indonesia Islamic Banking (Perspective: Asymetric Information Theory), Ummu Sholihah, Nur Fatwa 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Islamic Bussiness Concept In Facing Moral Hazard Of Mudharabah Financing In Indonesia Islamic Banking (Perspective: Asymetric Information Theory), Ummu Sholihah, Nur Fatwa

Journal of Strategic and Global Studies

In the contract of financing much-needed information asymmetry between the owners of capital (shahibul mall) and the manager of the capital (mudharib) in order to achieve common interests. One of the indicators that lead to moral hazard is due to asymmetric information or dissimilarity of information provided, and influential in the contract of financing. In a Mudharabah financing contract, between shahibul mall and mudharib provide information asymmetry in favor of the creation of a common interest. This study is a literature with an approach that combines the philosophical and phenomenological approach to look deeply about the material object of philosophy ...


Hate Speech In Election 2019: Case Study Of Youth Organizations, Harsih Setiawandari, Adis Imam Munandar 2021 School Of Strategic and Global Studies University Of Indonesia

Hate Speech In Election 2019: Case Study Of Youth Organizations, Harsih Setiawandari, Adis Imam Munandar

Journal of Strategic and Global Studies

Technology advance such as social media utilization to communicate, to express opinions, to interact with each other, and to discover and share information, but this also has its own susceptive. Its positive effect, social media can be used to accelerate the spreading of information, but the negative effects are the spreading of radical ideas, hate speech, hoaxes, etc. which can threaten the national defense and the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia. This research used complex models and a limited amount of samples so that in the data analysis using Smart-PLS software. Smart-PLS using the bootstrapping methods or random multiplication ...


Terrorism, Trauma, And Memory: Constructing National Identity At The 9/11 Museum And The Oklahoma City National Memorial And Museum, Caroline L. Whittenburg 2021 Missouri State University

Terrorism, Trauma, And Memory: Constructing National Identity At The 9/11 Museum And The Oklahoma City National Memorial And Museum, Caroline L. Whittenburg

MSU Graduate Theses

This thesis undertakes an analysis of the Oklahoma City National Memorial and Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and the 9/11 Museum in New York City, New York, focusing on the construction of an idealized citizen that is mobilized as a defense against terrorist threats. Employing rhetorical field methods, I focus on how these spaces work symbolically and materially to shape visitors’ sense of national identity. I pay careful attention to how message construction relates to whether the terrorist threat is framed as internal or external, and how that influences what it means to be American. This argument is grounded ...


An Artistic Expression Of The Connection Between “Man And The Universe” In The Works By Suhrаb Sipehri, Nargiza Shoaliyeva, Safar ABDULLOH 2020 INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC ACADEMY OF UZBEKISTAN, Candidate of Philological Sciences, Senior Lecturer Department of the Uzbek language and oriental classical literature

An Artistic Expression Of The Connection Between “Man And The Universe” In The Works By Suhrаb Sipehri, Nargiza Shoaliyeva, Safar Abdulloh

The Light of Islam

The poet and writer Sohrab Sipehri (1928-1980) played a particular role in the formation and development of Iranian poetry at the beginning of the twentieth century. This poet created his style of expression and was an enlightened person who provided a holistic connection of modern philosophical views with orthodox ideas. He was a philosopher-poet, an artistic thinker who was able to give the contemporary content of the interpretation of theories of «Unity» - («wahdat al-wujud») and «Perfect man» - («komil inson») in the traditional system of mystical views. As a great writer he created a new set of poetic emblems and symbols ...


About Medieval Egyptian Historians, Zukhra Aripova 2020 INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC ACADEMY ОF UZBEKISTAN, doctor of Philosophy (Phd), docent of the department “Al-Azhar department of Arabic language and literature”

About Medieval Egyptian Historians, Zukhra Aripova

The Light of Islam

This article is dedicated to the life and work of historians of the Mamluk period (1250-1517) in Egypt and the rich heritage left by them. In the XIII-XV centuries, Egypt had a special place among the countries of the Middle East due to the activities of the Mamluks. The prestige of the Mamluk sultans increased due to their victories in the fght against the Crusaders and the Mongols in the Middle East. The establishment of Mamluk rule in the history of Egypt, the growth of the superiority of military Mamluks in the country, the rise of the Bakhrit Mamluk sultans ...


A Peaceful End? Exploring The Correlates Of When Terrorist Groups Negotiate, William Berry 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Peaceful End? Exploring The Correlates Of When Terrorist Groups Negotiate, William Berry

Theses and Dissertations

Despite significant advances in the terrorism literature since the September 11th attacks, there remains very little research into the processes by which terrorism might come to a peaceful end. The present study addresses this gap in the literature by investigating politicization, a process by which terrorist organizations negotiate with authorities and the two parties enter a peace agreement or otherwise agree to cease hostilities. The study explores the politicization outcome as predicted by important organizational and behavioral characteristics that prior literature identifies as affecting how terrorist groups end, including group size, organization lifespan, target type for terroristic activities, and the ...


The Involvement Of Ex-Terrorist Inmates And Combatants In The Disengagement From Violence Strategy In Indonesia, Bella Widya, Muhamad Syauqillah, Sri Yunanto Mr. 2020 Terrorism Studies, School of Strategic and Global Studies Universitas Indonesia

The Involvement Of Ex-Terrorist Inmates And Combatants In The Disengagement From Violence Strategy In Indonesia, Bella Widya, Muhamad Syauqillah, Sri Yunanto Mr.

Journal of Terrorism Studies

In Indonesia, there are a number of foundations which were established by the ex-terrorist inmates as a new community towards peace and a way of empowerment for the ex-terrorist inmates. The involvement of ex-terrorist inmates in disengagement strategy in Indonesia has also raised pro(s) and con(s). This research aims to explore the involvement of ex-terrorist inmates in disengagement strategy in Indonesia. This kind of involvement is hoped to become a softer approach because it focuses more in using kinship method, in a way that it will be easier to gain trust, and the people have the same experience ...


Problematika Manajemen Risiko Dalam Mitigasi Terorisme Kelompok Feto Di Turki Pada Masa Presiden Erdogan, Mega Prastika, Dwi Impiani 2020 Universitas Indonesia

Problematika Manajemen Risiko Dalam Mitigasi Terorisme Kelompok Feto Di Turki Pada Masa Presiden Erdogan, Mega Prastika, Dwi Impiani

Journal of Terrorism Studies

This article aims to describe the new risks that emerged in mitigating the risk of FETO (Fethullah Gulen Terrorist Organization) in Turkey during President Erdogan's era. By having its own view of the state order and its strong network in 150 countries, the Gulen Movement is considered to threaten the existence of the ideology of the Turkish state, especially during the leadership of President Erdogan. After the failed coup attempt on July 15, 2016, the Gulen Movement was designated as a dangerous group called FETO as it was considered responsible for the incident. Furthermore, the Turkish government adopted an ...


Uk Think-Tanks, The War On Terror And The Radicalisation Debate, Hadi Enayat 2020 Aga Khan University

Uk Think-Tanks, The War On Terror And The Radicalisation Debate, Hadi Enayat

Abdou Filali-Ansary Occasional Paper Series

This paper maps the discursive and ideological habitus in which UK think-tanks operate in connection with the ‘war on terror’. It discusses how UK think-tanks have both shaped and been shaped by this habitus and the impact their work has had on counter-terrorism policy in the UK. It begins by discussing the concept of think-tanks and their role and input into politics. It then sketches the rise of ‘terrorism’ as both an academic object of study, from the mid-1970s onwards, and as an increasingly vital policy area for governments and the military-security establishment, especially after 9/11. The paper then ...


Features And Trends Of Development Of Industrial Complex In The Tashkent Region, Nilufar Batirova 2020 International islamic academy of Uzbekistan

Features And Trends Of Development Of Industrial Complex In The Tashkent Region, Nilufar Batirova

The Light of Islam

The aim of the article is the theoretical justifcation and development of the organizational and economic mechanism for the formation and development of a regional intentional complex, where innovative components dominate. It should be noted that in recent years in the region there have been trends in the deepening of the newest forms of relations and interconnections based on the expansion of inter-sectoral and sectoral integration of industrial enterprises, the progress of the formation of forms of regional industrial systems is traced, prerequisites are created for the emergence of new forms of integrated cooperation of the subjects of the innovation ...


Misinformation As A Method Of Psychological Influence Of Information (Based On Modern Foreign Research), Azamat Ibrakhimov 2020 International Islamic academy of Uzbekistan

Misinformation As A Method Of Psychological Influence Of Information (Based On Modern Foreign Research), Azamat Ibrakhimov

The Light of Islam

This article is based on up-to-date foreign research on the use of misinformation as a tool of psychological influence, which has become the most pressing issue at the moment. In practice, the information provided by the mass media has become a means of influencing its content. Extremely fast-paced images of life, a lack of time to study the events reported by the media, and sometimes a lack of personal skills to analyze these reports have led to a wide audience accepting the material in the same way as media outlets. The article attempts to theoretically comprehend the phenomenon of creating ...


The Role Of Test Making In Learning Process, Dilbar Xasanova, Hugh CARTWRIGHT cheonan assistant Professor 2020 International Islamic academy of Uzbekistan

The Role Of Test Making In Learning Process, Dilbar Xasanova, Hugh Cartwright Cheonan Assistant Professor

The Light of Islam

Almost always with the word "test" a question comes to mind with four or fve possible answers. Students usually think of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) when they are told to get tested. Testing means testing students' knowledge using different types of question forms. The proposed article examines the academic performance test, which was developed by the administration of the Uzbekistan English Teachers Association (UZTEA) for Year 2 students of lyceums and colleges. The purpose of this study is to discuss test constructs and propose a more reliable version of them if the reason for the unsatisfactory results depends on the evaluation ...


Copulative Compound Words Formed By Using The Interfix In The Pashto Language, Ugiljon Abduvaliyeva 2020 Tashkent State University of Oriental Studies

Copulative Compound Words Formed By Using The Interfix In The Pashto Language, Ugiljon Abduvaliyeva

The Light of Islam

Questions about word formation remain one of the most pressing problems of modern linguistics. The relevance of this issue is increasing, especially for less-studied languages such as the Pashto language, since the vocabulary of the language is constantly being enriched under modern requirements. The need to express new concepts arising from
progress in various spheres of life gives rise to the need to create new lexical units based on the language’s capabilities and resources. The study of this process on a scientifc basis, the defnition of its directions, the defnition of its specifcs based on the analysis of language ...


Study Of Amir Husrow Dehlaviy’S Rubais, Feruza Nizamova 2020 INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC ACADEMY OF UZBEKISTAN

Study Of Amir Husrow Dehlaviy’S Rubais, Feruza Nizamova

The Light of Islam

The article provides data on the manuscripts and studies of the legacy of Amir Khusrow Dehlavi, stored in the Institute of Oriental Studies named after Abu Rayhan Biruni of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In the manuscripts we examined, there is information about the origin of ghazals, but there is no mention of the origin of the ruba’is. In many manuscripts, the order of fling the ruba’is is not based on any principle. Only a few of them are arranged alphabetically, either by the frst letter of the verse or by the last letter ...


Semantic Classification Of Auxiliary Verbs In Arabic Language, Malika Nasirova 2020 International islamic academy of Uzbekistan

Semantic Classification Of Auxiliary Verbs In Arabic Language, Malika Nasirova

The Light of Islam

In Arabic, the verb takes a signifcant place among the parts of speech. Without knowing the morphological features of Arabic verbs, it is impossible to maser many of the rules of other parts of speech. This article is devoted to auxiliary verbs, which, together with the main verb, convey additional meaning to the action of the subject. In Arabic, the topic of auxiliary verbs has
attracted the attention of linguiss from the early Middle Ages to the present. The mos recent sudies on this topic are collected in the works of Abbas Hasan, Musafa Galayini, Fuad Nemat, Antoine Dahdakh, Abu ...


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