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Neither “Post-War” Nor Post-Pregnancy Paranoia: How America’S War On Drugs Continues To Perpetuate Disparate Incarceration Outcomes For Pregnant, Substance-Involved Offenders, Becca S. Zimmerman 2021 Pitzer College

Neither “Post-War” Nor Post-Pregnancy Paranoia: How America’S War On Drugs Continues To Perpetuate Disparate Incarceration Outcomes For Pregnant, Substance-Involved Offenders, Becca S. Zimmerman

Pitzer Senior Theses

This thesis investigates the unique interactions between pregnancy, substance involvement, and race as they relate to the War on Drugs and the hyper-incarceration of women. Using ordinary least square regression analyses and data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ 2016 Survey of Prison Inmates, I examine if (and how) pregnancy status, drug use, race, and their interactions influence two length of incarceration outcomes: sentence length and amount of time spent in jail between arrest and imprisonment. The results collectively indicate that pregnancy decreases length of incarceration outcomes for those offenders who are not substance-involved but not evenhandedly -- benefitting white pregnant ...


International Medical Service Trips: Colonialist Roots And Ethics Of Global Health Today, Lorenzo Patti 2021 Regis University

International Medical Service Trips: Colonialist Roots And Ethics Of Global Health Today, Lorenzo Patti

Student Publications

Service trips have become a relatively common part of society today. People in both the professional and academic world often jump at the opportunity to be able to travel through the lens of learning or working. Service trips are framed as excursions to help marginalized communities, in reality, the trips end up being more about tourism and travel. Despite the attractive façade of medical service, its harmful impact is evident when examining it further. Medical trips often fall into two categories, voluntourism and capacity building. Voluntourism has a number of flaws, which cause long-term detrimental effects to the communities visited ...


The Public Case For Thorium, Patrick C. Redmond 2021 Iowa State University

The Public Case For Thorium, Patrick C. Redmond

Creative Components

This proposal provides policy guidance on how the federal government would generate Thorium-based nuclear policy. This is necessary to answer the growing threat presented by energy dependence, lack of energy innovation in the nuclear sector, and climate change. Through providing two feasible policy options, and crafting a strong argument for both, this proposal concludes that a prototype Thorium nuclear reactor is the best option for the federal government to pursue to combat energy dependence, lack of energy innovation in the nuclear sector, and climate change. As such, these findings determine that through partnership with local governments, the United States as ...


Education Inequality In The United States: A Wicked Problem With A Wicked Solution, Lincoln Bernard 2021 Claremont Colleges

Education Inequality In The United States: A Wicked Problem With A Wicked Solution, Lincoln Bernard

CMC Senior Theses

A problem wicked in its complexity and detriment; the United States has failed most of its students in its inability to address the unashamedly rampant inequality throughout its public education system. The inequality in American public schools appears evident and boundless, but the causes of that inequality, and especially its solutions, are not as obvious. It is easy to explain away the system’s failures as a product of the United States’ ultra-varied environment, but further investigation reveals much of the systems problems are self-caused, resulting from the United States’ uniquely local approach to supporting its schools. A misguided fear ...


A Transdisciplinary Analysis Of Just Transition Pathways To 100% Renewable Electricity, Adewale Aremu Adesanya 2021 Michigan Technological University

A Transdisciplinary Analysis Of Just Transition Pathways To 100% Renewable Electricity, Adewale Aremu Adesanya

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The transition to using clean, affordable, and reliable electrical energy is critical for enhancing human opportunities and capabilities. In the United States, many states and localities are engaging in this transition despite the lack of ambitious federal policy support. This research builds on the theoretical framework of the multilevel perspective (MLP) of sociotechnical transitions as well as the concept of energy justice to investigate potential pathways to 100 percent renewable energy (RE) for electricity provision in the U.S. This research seeks to answer the question: what are the technical, policy, and perceptual pathways, barriers, and opportunities for just transition ...


Investing In California’S Transportation Future: Public Opinion On Critical Needs, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Hilary Nixon, Cameron Simmons 2020 San Jose State University

Investing In California’S Transportation Future: Public Opinion On Critical Needs, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Hilary Nixon, Cameron Simmons

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

In 2017, the State of California adopted landmark legislation to increase the funds available for transportation in the state: Senate Bill 1 (SB1), the Road Repair and Accountability Act of 2017. Through a combination of higher gas and diesel motor fuel taxes, SB1 raises revenue for four critical transportation needs in the state: road maintenance and rehabilitation, relief from congestion, improvements to trade corridors, and improving transit and rail services.

To help state leaders identify the most important projects and programs to fund within those four topical areas, we conducted an online survey that asked a sample of 3,574 ...


Internal And External Determinants Of The Adoption Levels Of Sustainable Development Policies In The Energy, Industry And Agricultural Sectors Of Turkey, The United States, The Russian Federation And The People’S Republic Of China, Onur Kolcak 2020 Southern Methodist University

Internal And External Determinants Of The Adoption Levels Of Sustainable Development Policies In The Energy, Industry And Agricultural Sectors Of Turkey, The United States, The Russian Federation And The People’S Republic Of China, Onur Kolcak

Graduate Liberal Studies Theses and Dissertations

The natural resources of our planet have helped humanity to advance and build countless civilizations. We are a fossil fuel civilization, and we have evolved in such a way that today's production and energy use has become the most crucial part of all modern economies. We are not able to function without reliable, resilient, and secure energy sources, which help us to produce continuously. Human history is full of important events, events that have tremendously shaped our experience on this planet. These experiences have sometimes forced us to make quick decisions and change our ways, but some of these ...


The Brigade Combat Team (Bct): A Revolution In Organizational Structure, Adam Davis 2020 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service

The Brigade Combat Team (Bct): A Revolution In Organizational Structure, Adam Davis

Muskie School Capstones and Dissertations

This paper explores the U.S. Army’s force reorganization around the Brigade Combat Team (BCT), which began in 2002. The BCT shifted how various army units interacted by changing the echelon at which different types of units report to a single commander, essentially creating self-sufficient units of about 2,500 soldiers instead of the previous self-sufficient units of about 15,000 soldiers. This paper utilizes existing organizational theories and research to better understand the implications for such a dramatic change in organizational structure. It contextualizes the army’s reorganization by applying the Rational Actor, Political, and Bureaucratic Models outlined ...


Toward A Guide For Smart Mobility Corridors: Frameworks And Tools For Measuring, Understanding, And Realizing Transportation Land Use Coordination, Bruce Appleyard, Jonathan Stanton, Chris Allen 2020 San Diego State University

Toward A Guide For Smart Mobility Corridors: Frameworks And Tools For Measuring, Understanding, And Realizing Transportation Land Use Coordination, Bruce Appleyard, Jonathan Stanton, Chris Allen

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

The coordination of transportation and land use (also known as “smart growth”) has been a long-standing goal for planning and engineering professionals, but to this day it remains an elusive concept to realize. Leaving us with this central question -- how can we best achieve transportation and land use coordination at the corridor level?

In response, this report provides a review of literature and practice related to sustainability, livability, and equity (SLE) with a focus on corridor-level planning. Using Caltrans’ Corridor Planning Process Guide and Smart Mobility Framework as guideposts, this report also reviews various principles, performance measures, and place typology ...


The Application Of The New Public Service Features To Maritime Administration : In Case Of Marine Department Of Thailand And Maritime And Port Authority Of Singapore, Natchanok Kosaisuntorn 2020 World Maritime University

The Application Of The New Public Service Features To Maritime Administration : In Case Of Marine Department Of Thailand And Maritime And Port Authority Of Singapore, Natchanok Kosaisuntorn

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Smart Port And Its Potential To Lead Development : A South African Perspective, Sindiswa Cindy Dube 2020 World Maritime University

The Smart Port And Its Potential To Lead Development : A South African Perspective, Sindiswa Cindy Dube

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Macroeconomic Aspects Of Maintenance Optimization Of Critical Infrastructures, S. A. Timashev, A. V. Bushinskaya 2020 Old Dominion University

Macroeconomic Aspects Of Maintenance Optimization Of Critical Infrastructures, S. A. Timashev, A. V. Bushinskaya

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

The main goal of maintenance is prevention, timely detection and elimination of failures and damage. From the point of view of critical infrastructures (CIs), the main purpose of their maintenance is to increase the safety of CIs and / or to ensure life safety. CIs should be optimal in terms of their purpose, cost, as a source of income and profit at all stages of their life cycle, and also acceptable in terms of possible loss of human lives or injuries. The paper considers the assessment of necessary optimal investments in the maintenance (time interval between subsequent maintenance), to increase the ...


Black-Swan Type Catastrophes And Antifragility/Supra-Resilience Of Urban Socio-Technical Infrastructures, S. A, Timashev 2020 Old Dominion University

Black-Swan Type Catastrophes And Antifragility/Supra-Resilience Of Urban Socio-Technical Infrastructures, S. A, Timashev

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

This paper may be one of the first attempts dealing with the problem of creating, providing and maintaining antifragility of systems of interdependent urban critical infrastructures (CI) in the wake of black-swan type technological, ecological, economic or social catastrophes occurring in a municipality. A synonym is offered to describe antifragility from a positive psychology perspective, formulating the problem as the supraresilience problem. A brief description is given of the developed innovative approach for creating a supraresilient city/region using black-swan catastrophe and the antifragility concepts. Resilience metrics are formulated as well as methods of assessing damage, interdependence of infrastructures and ...


Promoting Transit-Oriented Developments By Addressing Barriers Related To Land Use, Zoning, And Value Capture, Shishir Mathur, Aaron Gatdula 2020 San Jose State University

Promoting Transit-Oriented Developments By Addressing Barriers Related To Land Use, Zoning, And Value Capture, Shishir Mathur, Aaron Gatdula

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

This study advances land use, transportation planning, and public finance research by identifying: a) the various land use, zoning, and value capture-related barriers to the construction of transit-oriented developments (TODs); and b) the major strategies that are commonly used or could be used to address these barriers. The value capture (VC) tools include joint development projects, tax increment financing, special assessments, lease/sale of land or air rights, and impact fees. The research finds that while a large proportion of jurisdictions across the US have TODs, land use, zoning, and VC-related barriers often impede their construction. Most transit agencies are ...


Impact Of Regular And Narrow Av-Exclusive Lanes On Manual Driver Behavior, Sahar Ghanipoor Machiani, Aryan Sohrabi, Arash Jahangiri 2020 San Diego State University

Impact Of Regular And Narrow Av-Exclusive Lanes On Manual Driver Behavior, Sahar Ghanipoor Machiani, Aryan Sohrabi, Arash Jahangiri

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

This study attempts to answer the question of how a narrow (9-ft) lane dedicated to Automated Vehicles (AVs) would affect the behavior of drivers in the adjacent lane to the right. To this end, a custom driving simulator environment was designed mimicking the Interstate 15 smart corridor in San Diego. A group of participants was assigned to drive next to the simulated 9-ft narrow lane while a control group was assigned to drive next to a regular 12-ft AV lane. Driver behavior was analyzed by measuring the mean lane position, mean speed, and mental effort (self-reported/subjective measure). In addition ...


Jack Voltaic®: Bolstering Critical Infrastructure Resilience, Robin L. Fontes, Erik Benjamin Korn, Douglas Fletcher, Jason Hillman, Erica Mitchell, Steven Whitham 2020 U.S. Army Cyber Command

Jack Voltaic®: Bolstering Critical Infrastructure Resilience, Robin L. Fontes, Erik Benjamin Korn, Douglas Fletcher, Jason Hillman, Erica Mitchell, Steven Whitham

ACI Journal Articles

According to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), municipal critical infrastructure has become an ideal target for a range of cyber threat actors including near-peer competitors seeking geopolitical gains and decentralized cyber criminals attempting to hold cities captive for monetary gain. With municipalities predominantly partnering with the private sector for operation of national critical infrastructure as defined in Presidential Policy Directive (PPD) 21, cities, states, and industry entities find themselves on the front lines—possibly the first line of defense—against a perpetual barrage of attacks in cyberspace. Accordingly, a dynamic shift from traditional conflict in the physical world to ...


Brave New World - Connectivity, Rhonda S. Binda 2020 CUNY Medgar Evers College

Brave New World - Connectivity, Rhonda S. Binda

Open Educational Resources

The trifecta of globalization, urbanization and digitization have created new opportunities and challenges across our nation, cities, boroughs and urban centers. Cities are in a unique position at the center of commerce and technology becoming hubs for innovation and practical application of emerging technology. In this rapidly changing 24/7 digitized world, city governments worldwide are leveraging innovation and technology to become more effective, efficient, transparent and to be able to better plan for and anticipate the needs of its citizens, businesses and community organizations. This class will provide the framework for how cities and communities can become smarter and ...


Brave New World: Ethical Considerations And Risks, Rhonda S. Binda 2020 CUNY Medgar Evers College

Brave New World: Ethical Considerations And Risks, Rhonda S. Binda

Open Educational Resources

The trifecta of globalization, urbanization and digitization have created new opportunities and challenges across our nation, cities, boroughs and urban centers. Cities in particular are in a unique position at the center of commerce and technology becoming hubs for innovation and practical application of emerging technology. In this rapidly changing 24/7 digitized world, governments are leveraging innovation and technology to become more effective, efficient, transparent and to be able to better plan for and anticipate the needs of its citizens, businesses and community organizations. This class will provide the framework for how cities and communities can become smarter and ...


Brave New World - “Cmr” Index And The U.S. Congressional Smart Cities Caucus, Rhonda S. Binda 2020 CUNY Medgar Evers College

Brave New World - “Cmr” Index And The U.S. Congressional Smart Cities Caucus, Rhonda S. Binda

Open Educational Resources

The trifecta of globalization, urbanization and digitization have created new opportunities and challenges across our nation, cities, boroughs and urban centers. Cities are in a unique position at the center of commerce and technology becoming hubs for innovation and practical application of emerging technology. In this rapidly changing 24/7 digitized world, city governments worldwide are leveraging innovation and technology to become more effective, efficient, transparent and to be able to better plan for and anticipate the needs of its citizens, businesses and community organizations. This class will provide the framework for how cities and communities can become smarter and ...


Brave New World - The Rise Of Cities Globally: Urbanizationmeets Technological Innovation And Digitization, Rhonda S. Binda 2020 CUNY Medgar Evers College

Brave New World - The Rise Of Cities Globally: Urbanizationmeets Technological Innovation And Digitization, Rhonda S. Binda

Open Educational Resources

The trifecta of globalization, urbanization and digitization have created new opportunities and challenges across our nation, cities, boroughs and urban centers. Cities are in a unique position at the center of commerce and technology becoming hubs for innovation and practical application of emerging technology. In this rapidly changing 24/7 digitized world, city governments worldwide are leveraging innovation and technology to become more effective, efficient, transparent and to be able to better plan for and anticipate the needs of its citizens, businesses and community organizations. This class will provide the framework for how cities and communities can become smarter and ...


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