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Observation Of In-Plane Magnetic Field Induced Phase Transitions In Fese, Jong Mok Ok, Chang Il Kwon, Yoshimitsu Kohama, Jung Sang You, Sun Kyu Park, Ji-hye Kim, Y.J. Jo, E.S. Choi, Koichi Kindo, Woun Kang, Ki-Seok Kim, E. G. Moon, Alex Gurevich, Jun Sung Kim 2020 Old Dominion University

Observation Of In-Plane Magnetic Field Induced Phase Transitions In Fese, Jong Mok Ok, Chang Il Kwon, Yoshimitsu Kohama, Jung Sang You, Sun Kyu Park, Ji-Hye Kim, Y.J. Jo, E.S. Choi, Koichi Kindo, Woun Kang, Ki-Seok Kim, E. G. Moon, Alex Gurevich, Jun Sung Kim

Physics Faculty Publications

We investigate thermodynamic properties of FeSe under in-plane magnetic fields using torque magnetometry, specific heat, and magnetocaloric measurements. Below the upper critical field Hc2, we observed the field induced anomalies at H1 ∼ 15 T and H2 ∼ 22 T near H ∥ ab and below a characteristic temperature T* ∼ 2 K. The transition magnetic fields H1 and H2 exhibit negligible dependence on both temperature and field orientation. This contrasts to the strong temperature and angle dependence of Hc2, suggesting that these anomalies are attributed to the field induced phase transitions, originating from the inherent spin-density-wave instability ...


Developing A High Resolution Zdc For The Eic, J. H. Lee, T. Sako, K. Tanida, M. Murray, Q. Wang, N. Nickel, Y. Yamazaki, Y. Itow, H. Menjo, T. Shibata, C. E. Hyde, V. Baturin, Y. Goto, I. Nakagawa, R. Seidl, K. Kawade, A. Deshpande, B. Schmookler, K. Nakano, T. Chujo, Y. Miyachi 2020 Old Dominion University

Developing A High Resolution Zdc For The Eic, J. H. Lee, T. Sako, K. Tanida, M. Murray, Q. Wang, N. Nickel, Y. Yamazaki, Y. Itow, H. Menjo, T. Shibata, C. E. Hyde, V. Baturin, Y. Goto, I. Nakagawa, R. Seidl, K. Kawade, A. Deshpande, B. Schmookler, K. Nakano, T. Chujo, Y. Miyachi

Physics Faculty Publications

The Electron Ion Collider offers the opportunity to make un-paralleled multidimen- sional measurements of the spin structure of the proton and nuclei, as well as a study of the onset of partonic saturation at small Bjorken-x [1]. An important requirement of the physics program is the tagging of spectator neutrons and the identification of forward photons. We propose to design and build a Zero Degree Calorimeter, or ZDC, to measure photons and neutrons with excellent energy & position resolution.


Thermal Emittance And Lifetime Of Alkali-Antimonide Photocathodes Grown On Gaas And Molybdenum Substrates Evaluated In A -300 Kv Dc Photogun, Y. Wang, M. A. Mamun, P. Adderley, B. Bullard, J. Grames, J. Hansknecht, C. Hernandez-Garcia, G. A. Krafft, G. Palacios-Serrano, M. Poelker, M. L. Stutzman, R. Suleiman, M. Tiefenback, S. Wijethunga, J. Yoskowitz, S. Zhang 2020 Old Dominion University

Thermal Emittance And Lifetime Of Alkali-Antimonide Photocathodes Grown On Gaas And Molybdenum Substrates Evaluated In A -300 Kv Dc Photogun, Y. Wang, M. A. Mamun, P. Adderley, B. Bullard, J. Grames, J. Hansknecht, C. Hernandez-Garcia, G. A. Krafft, G. Palacios-Serrano, M. Poelker, M. L. Stutzman, R. Suleiman, M. Tiefenback, S. Wijethunga, J. Yoskowitz, S. Zhang

Physics Faculty Publications

CsxKySb photocathodes grown on GaAs and molybdenum substrates were evaluated using a –300 kV dc high voltage photogun and diagnostic beam line. Photocathodes grown on GaAs substrates, with varying antimony layer thickness (estimated range from < 20 nm to > 1 um), yielded similar thermal emittance per rms laser spot size values (~0.4 mm mrad / mm) but very different operating lifetime. Similar thermal emittance was obtained for a photocathode grown on a molybdenum substrate but with markedly improved lifetime. For this photocathode, no decay in quantum efficiency was measured at 4.5 mA average current and with peak current 0 ...


Studies Of Tribotechnical Properties Of Composite Polymeric Materials Of Machine Designation, Tojiboy O. Almataev, Nozimbek T. Almataev 2019 Andijan Machine-Building Institute, Andijan, 170119, str. Bobur Shokh, 56 (Uzbekistan). E-mail: info@andmiedu.uz

Studies Of Tribotechnical Properties Of Composite Polymeric Materials Of Machine Designation, Tojiboy O. Almataev, Nozimbek T. Almataev

Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research

In the given work are experimentally investigated tribotechnical properties as intensity of wear process and factor of a friction composite epoxy the polymeric materials processed by ultrasound. Results of influence of a kind and the maintenance loading on tribotechnical properties composite epoxy polymeric materials depending on modes of ultrasonic processing are received. Correlation dependence of intensity of wear process and factor of a friction composite epoxy coverings from modes of ultrasonic processing is established. It is shown in the work that with an increase in the duration of ultrasonic exposure, the wear rate and the friction coefficient of the coatings ...


Scientific Foundation Of The Rate Of Falling Of Raw Materials On Walnut Breakage Device, Otabek A. Mirzaev, Xolhuzha A. Sobirov, Nusratillo R. Barakaev 2019 Andijan Machine-Building Institute, Andijan, 170119, str. Bobur Shokh, 56 (Uzbekistan). E-mail: info@andmiedu.uz

Scientific Foundation Of The Rate Of Falling Of Raw Materials On Walnut Breakage Device, Otabek A. Mirzaev, Xolhuzha A. Sobirov, Nusratillo R. Barakaev

Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research

Today, there are many types of fruits that are separated the kernel from the shell: walnuts, almonds, filberts, chestnuts, pistachios and cashews. Nuts have a high calorific value and a rich nutrient composition. The most critical and delicate operation is shell cracking to extract the fragile whole kernel from the shell. Studies on nut rupturing are particularly focused on the following three aspects: the physical characteristics of nuts, the mechanical properties of nut rupturing, and nut rupturing equipment. Determining the velocity of the nut entered into the apparatus will allow the machine to operate normally, but will also increase its ...


Application Of Optoelectron Converters Of Reflective Type For Automation Of Liquid And Gas Version Test Measuring Units, Yuriy G. Shipulin, Otabek T. Almataev 2019 Tashkent State Technical University, Tashkent, 100095, str. University, 2 (Uzbekistan). E-mail: www.tdtu.uz

Application Of Optoelectron Converters Of Reflective Type For Automation Of Liquid And Gas Version Test Measuring Units, Yuriy G. Shipulin, Otabek T. Almataev

Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research

This work is devoted to the use of reflective optoelectronic converters for the automation of liquid and gas calibration flowmeter installations. Liquid and gas calibration flowmeter devices are widely used for verification and certification of various liquid and gas flowmeters and meters. The analysis of the principles of construction of a reflective optoelectronic converter for calibration devices is carried out and the basic principles of their construction are determined. A functional diagram of an experimental automated programmable calibration test setup of flow meters, liquid meters developed on the basis of ROC is presented. High accuracy requirements are imposed on the ...


The First-Order Magnetoelastic Transition In Eu2in: A 151eu Mössbauer Study, D. H. Ryan, Durga Paudyal, Francois Guillou, Yaroslav Mudryk, Arjun K. Pathak, Vitalij K. Pecharsky 2019 McGill University

The First-Order Magnetoelastic Transition In Eu2in: A 151eu Mössbauer Study, D. H. Ryan, Durga Paudyal, Francois Guillou, Yaroslav Mudryk, Arjun K. Pathak, Vitalij K. Pecharsky

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Our 151Eu Mössbauer investigation of Eu2In and Eu2Sn shows that the europium in both materials is fully divalent. We confirm the distinct thermodynamic orders of the magnetic transitions and reveal a remarkable difference between the magnetic environments of the europium atoms in the two compounds. Possible structural and electronic origins for these differences are discussed using DFT calculations.


Interfacial Contact With Noble Metal - Noble Metal And Noble Metal - 2d Semiconductor Nanostructures Enhance Optical Activity, Ricardo Raphael Lopez Romo 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Interfacial Contact With Noble Metal - Noble Metal And Noble Metal - 2d Semiconductor Nanostructures Enhance Optical Activity, Ricardo Raphael Lopez Romo

Theses and Dissertations

Noble metal nanoparticles and two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) crystals offer unique optical and electronic properties that include strong exciton binding, spin-orbital coupling, and localized surface plasmon resonance. Controlling these properties at high spatiotemporal resolution can support emerging optoelectronic coupling and enhanced optical features. Excitation dynamics of these optical properties on physicochemically bonded mono- and few-layer TMD crystals with metal nanocrystals and two overlapping spherical metal nanocrystals were examined by concurrently (i) DDA simulations and (ii) far-field optical transmission UV-vis spectroscopic measurements. Initially, a novel and scalable method to unsettle van der Waals bonds in bulk TMDs to prepare ...


Studies Of Initial Growth Of Gan On Inn, Alaa Alnami 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Studies Of Initial Growth Of Gan On Inn, Alaa Alnami

Theses and Dissertations

III-nitride materials have recently attracted much attention for applications in both the microelectronics and optoelectronics. For optoelectronic devices, III-nitride materials with tunable energy band gaps can be used as the active region of devices to enhance the absorption or emission. A such material is indium nitride (InN), which along with gallium nitride (GaN) and aluminum nitride (AlN) embody the very real promise of forming the basis of a broad spectrum, a high efficiency solar cell. One of the remaining complications in incorporating InN into a solar cell design is the effects of the high temperature growth of the GaN crystal ...


Microstructure Evolution During Near-Tg Annealing And Its Effect On Shear Banding In Model Alloys, Meng-Hao Yang, Bei Cai, Yang Sun, Feng Zhang, Yi-Fan Wang, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Microstructure Evolution During Near-Tg Annealing And Its Effect On Shear Banding In Model Alloys, Meng-Hao Yang, Bei Cai, Yang Sun, Feng Zhang, Yi-Fan Wang, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

By performing extensive molecular dynamics simulations, we investigate the deformation behavior in Al90Sm10 and Cu64.5Zr35.5 alloys after elongated isothermal annealing in the vicinity of the glass-transition temperature (Tg). Different microstructural response to the annealing process was observed: Al90Sm10 maintains the glassy structure with improved energetic stability, enhanced short-range order (SRO), and a more pronounced spatial network that extends beyond the first atomic shell, while Cu64.5Zr35.5 forms nanocrystalline Laves Cu2Zr phases. Shear banding occurs in both annealed systems under shear loading. For Al90Sm10, the spatial network formed by the local clusters characterizing the SRO of the system ...


New Materials Physics, Paul C. Canfield 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

New Materials Physics, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

This review presents a survey of, and guide to, new materials physics (NMP) research. It begins with an overview of the goals of NMP and then presents important ideas and techniques for the design and growth of new materials. An emphasis is placed on the use of compositional phase diagrams to inform and motivate solution growth of single crystals. The second half of this review focuses on the vital process of generating actionable ideas for the growth and discovery of new materials and ground states. Motivations ranging from (1) wanting a specific compound, to (2) wanting a specific ground state ...


Fabricating Fe Nanocrystals Via Encapsulation At The Graphite Surface, Ana Lii-Rosales, Yong Han, King C. Lai, Dapeng Jing, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Fabricating Fe Nanocrystals Via Encapsulation At The Graphite Surface, Ana Lii-Rosales, Yong Han, King C. Lai, Dapeng Jing, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

In this paper, the authors describe the conditions under which Fe forms encapsulated nanocrystals beneath the surface of graphite, and they characterize these islands (graphite + Fe) thoroughly. The authors use the experimental techniques of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) plus x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and the computational technique of density functional theory (DFT). Necessary conditions for encapsulation are preexisting ion-induced defects in the graphite substrate and elevated deposition temperature of 875–900 K. Evidence of encapsulation consists of atomically resolved STM images of a carbon lattice, both on top of the islands and on the sloping sides. The nature of the ...


Development Of 3d Thermal Models To Analyze Building Power Loss, Mark Leggiero 2019 University of North Georgia

Development Of 3d Thermal Models To Analyze Building Power Loss, Mark Leggiero

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Radiative heat loss from external surfaces is a large component in overall building heat loss, and efficient methods of measuring total radiative heat loss from buildings need to be further developed. 3D thermal model analysis of such facilities can aid substantially in understanding heat loss. High-overlap radiometric images can be obtained using small aerial drones outfitted with an infrared camera, and photogrammetry algorithms can generate 3D thermal models which contain the composited radiometric data of such images. Multiple 3D models have been produced (in the OBJ file format) of buildings in the University of North Georgia’s Dahlonega campus. Current ...


Average Speech Directivity, Samuel D. Bellows, Claire M. Pincock, Jennifer K. Whiting, Timothy W. Leishman 2019 Brigham Young University

Average Speech Directivity, Samuel D. Bellows, Claire M. Pincock, Jennifer K. Whiting, Timothy W. Leishman

Directivity

Speech directivity describes the angular dependence of acoustic radiation from a talker’s mouth and nostrils and diffraction about his or her body and chair (if seated). It is an essential physical aspect of communication affecting sounds and signals in acoustical environments, audio, and telecommunication systems. Because high-resolution, spherically comprehensive measurements of live, phonetically balanced speech have been unavailable in the past, the authors have undertaken research to produce and share such data for simulations of acoustical environments, optimizations of microphone placements, speech studies, and other applications. The measurements included three male and three female talkers who repeated phonetically balanced ...


Amorphous-Crystalline Brush Block Copolymers: Phase Behavior, Rheology And Composite Design, gayathri kopanati 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Amorphous-Crystalline Brush Block Copolymers: Phase Behavior, Rheology And Composite Design, Gayathri Kopanati

Doctoral Dissertations

Bottlebrush block copolymers are polymers with chemically distinct polymer side chains grafted onto a common backbone. The unique architecture induced properties make these materials attractive for applications such as photonic materials, stimuli responsive actuators and drug delivery vehicles to name a few. This dissertation primarily investigates the phase transitions and rheological behavior of amorphous-crystalline bottlebrush brush block copolymers and their composites. The temperature induced phase behavior is investigated using time resolved synchrotron X-ray source. Irrespective of volume fraction and backbone length, the samples display strong segregation even at high temperatures (200 °C) and there is no accessible order-disorder transition in ...


Magnetocaloric Effect Near Room Temperature In Quintenary And Sextenary Heusler Alloys, Benjamin D. White, R. I. Barabash, O. M. Barabash, I. Jeon, M. B. Maple 2019 Central Washington University

Magnetocaloric Effect Near Room Temperature In Quintenary And Sextenary Heusler Alloys, Benjamin D. White, R. I. Barabash, O. M. Barabash, I. Jeon, M. B. Maple

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of the Sciences

An inverse magnetocaloric effect is studied in Ni2Mn1+xX1-x-type Heusler alloys. Principally known for their shape-memory properties, these alloys also exhibit significant entropy and temperature changes (ΔS and ΔTAd, respectively) under adiabatic conditions when a modest magnetic field is applied. We investigated the impact on magnetocaloric properties of introducing substantial chemical disorder on the X-site (X = Si, Ga, In), of replacing Ni with nonmagnetic Ag, and of replacing a small amount of Mn with Gd. While a reduction in ΔS is observed in the first two cases, we observe a significant enhancement of ...


Complex Oscillatory Decrease With Size In Diffusivity Of {100}-Epitaxially Supported 3d Fcc Metal Nanoclusters, King C. Lai, James W. Evans 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Complex Oscillatory Decrease With Size In Diffusivity Of {100}-Epitaxially Supported 3d Fcc Metal Nanoclusters, King C. Lai, James W. Evans

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Diffusion and coalescence of supported 3D metal nanoclusters (NCs) leads to Smoluchowski Ripening (SR), a key pathway for catalyst degradation. Variation of the NC diffusion coefficient, DN, with size N (in atoms) controls SR kinetics. Traditionally, a form DN ∼ N−β was assumed consistent with mean-field analysis. However, KMC simulation of a stochastic model for diffusion of {100}-epitaxially supported fcc NCs mediated by surface diffusion reveals instead a complex oscillatory decrease of DN with N. Barriers for surface diffusion of metal atoms across and between facets, along step edges, etc., in this model are selected to accurately capture behavior ...


Rational Design Of Photoelectrodes For Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting And Co2 Reduction, Yu Hui Lui, Bowei Zhang, Shan Hu 2019 Iowa State University

Rational Design Of Photoelectrodes For Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting And Co2 Reduction, Yu Hui Lui, Bowei Zhang, Shan Hu

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Solar energy has promising potential for building sustainable society. Conversion of solar energy into solar fuels plays a crucial role in overcoming the intermittent nature of the renewable energy source. A photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell that employs semiconductor as photoelectrode to split water into hydrogen or fixing carbon dioxide (CO2) into hydrocarbon fuels provides great potential to achieve zero-carbon-emission society. A proper design of these semiconductor photoelectrodes thus directly influences the performance of the PEC cell. In this review, we investigate the strategies that have been put towards the design of efficient photoelectrodes for PEC water splitting and CO2 reduction in ...


Atomically Resolved Domain Boundary Structure In Lead Zirconate-Based Antiferroelectrics, Tao Ma, Zhongming Fan, Xiaoli Tan, Lin Zhou 2019 Ames Laboratory

Atomically Resolved Domain Boundary Structure In Lead Zirconate-Based Antiferroelectrics, Tao Ma, Zhongming Fan, Xiaoli Tan, Lin Zhou

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Domain boundary (DB) structures are of great importance for understanding the structure-property relationship in many ferroic crystals. Here, we present atomically resolved DB configurations in PbZrO3-based antiferroelectric ceramics. The Pb-cation displacement relative to B-site cations is precisely determined using aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy. We find that 90° DBs in undoped PbZrO3 can be as thin as one primitive cell of the perovskite structure, often appearing curved or zigzagged due to the complex dipole arrangement. In a chemically modified composition, Pb0.99Nb0.02[(Zr0.57Sn0.43)0.95Ti0.05]0.98O3, in which incommensurate modulations are present, the DB has ...


Targeted Germanium Ion Irradiation Of Aluminum Gallium Nitride/Gallium Nitride High Electron Mobility Transistors, Melanie E. Mace 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

Targeted Germanium Ion Irradiation Of Aluminum Gallium Nitride/Gallium Nitride High Electron Mobility Transistors, Melanie E. Mace

Theses and Dissertations

Microscale beams of germanium ions were used to target different locations of aluminum galliumnitride/gallium nitride (AlGaN/GaN) high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) to determine location dependent radiation effects. 1.7 MeV Ge ions were targeted at the gap between the gate and the drain to observe displacement damage effects while 47 MeV Ge ions were targeted at the gate to observe ionization damage effects. Electrical data was taken pre, during, and post irradiation. To separate transient from permanent degradation, the devices were characterized after a room temperature anneal for at least 30 days. Optical images were also analyzed pre ...


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