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Phoneme Recognition For Pronunciation Improvement, Matthew Heywood 2025 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Phoneme Recognition For Pronunciation Improvement, Matthew Heywood

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

This project aims to improve English pronunciation by investigating speech errors and developing a tool to provide precise feedback. The study focuses on creating a new pronunciation tool that offers localized feedback, identifies specific errors, and suggests corrective measures. By addressing the shortcomings of current methods, this research seeks to enhance pronunciation refinement.

Utilizing cutting-edge technology, the tool leverages speech-to-phoneme AI models and modified lazy string matching algorithms to compare the user's spoken input with the intended pronunciation. This allows for a detailed analysis of discrepancies, providing users actionable insights into their phonetic errors. The speech-to-phoneme AI models mark a …


Sustainable Energysense: A Predictive Machine Learning Framework For Optimizing Residential Electricity Consumption, Murad Al-Rajab, Samia Loucif 2024 Abu Dhabi University

Sustainable Energysense: A Predictive Machine Learning Framework For Optimizing Residential Electricity Consumption, Murad Al-Rajab, Samia Loucif

All Works

In a world where electricity is often taken for granted, the surge in consumption poses significant challenges, including elevated CO2 emissions and rising prices. These issues not only impact consumers but also have broader implications for the global environment. This paper endeavors to propose a smart application dedicated to optimizing the electricity consumption of household appliances. It employs Augmented Reality (AR) technology along with YOLO to detect electrical appliances and provide detailed electricity consumption insights, such as displaying the appliance consumption rate and computing the total electricity consumption based on the number of hours the appliance was used. The application …


Asthma Prevalence Among United States Population Insights From Nhanes Data Analysis, Sarya Swed, Bisher Sawaf, Feras Al-Obeidat, Wael Hafez, Amine Rakab, Hidar Alibrahim, Mohamad Nour Nasif, Baraa Alghalyini, Abdul Rehman Zia Zaidi, Lamees Alshareef, Fadel Alqatati, Fathima Zamrath Zahir, Ashraf I. Ahmed, Mulham Alom, Anas Sultan, Abdullah AlMahmoud, Agyad Bakkour, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda 2024 Aleppo Faculty of Medicine

Asthma Prevalence Among United States Population Insights From Nhanes Data Analysis, Sarya Swed, Bisher Sawaf, Feras Al-Obeidat, Wael Hafez, Amine Rakab, Hidar Alibrahim, Mohamad Nour Nasif, Baraa Alghalyini, Abdul Rehman Zia Zaidi, Lamees Alshareef, Fadel Alqatati, Fathima Zamrath Zahir, Ashraf I. Ahmed, Mulham Alom, Anas Sultan, Abdullah Almahmoud, Agyad Bakkour, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

All Works

Asthma is a prevalent respiratory condition that poses a substantial burden on public health in the United States. Understanding its prevalence and associated risk factors is vital for informed policymaking and public health interventions. This study aims to examine asthma prevalence and identify major risk factors in the U.S. population. Our study utilized NHANES data between 1999 and 2020 to investigate asthma prevalence and associated risk factors within the U.S. population. We analyzed a dataset of 64,222 participants, excluding those under 20 years old. We performed binary regression analysis to examine the relationship of demographic and health related covariates with …


The Mongolian Remodeling And The Structure Of Anoplocephalid Cestode Diversity, Mackenzie Grover 2024 Northern Michigan University

The Mongolian Remodeling And The Structure Of Anoplocephalid Cestode Diversity, Mackenzie Grover

All NMU Master's Theses

Ecological disruption plays an important role in structuring diversity of flora, fauna, and their parasites. At the end of the Eocene, climatic change across Asia resulted in a faunal turnover (the Mongolian Remodeling) as rodents diversified and larger mammals declined. Throughout the Oligocene, the landscape in Asia was characterized by episodic climatic and landscape changes resulting in pulses of rodent diversification. The role of historical ecological disruption in Central Asia in structuring the diversity of parasites of small rodents has not been thoroughly investigated. The hyper-diverse Paranoplocephala species complex (family: Anoplocephalidae) infect rodents throughout the Holarctic and present an opportunity …


Hitch Cart “Landing Gear”, Rebekah White, Jose Raygoza, Randy Hernandez, Brandon Leon 2024 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Hitch Cart “Landing Gear”, Rebekah White, Jose Raygoza, Randy Hernandez, Brandon Leon

Mechanical Engineering

This report aims to allow our sponsor, to review our design process of the Hitch Cart Landing Gear Prototype. In the design overview section of this report, we discuss the primary design modifications we made to the wheel mechanism of the existing hitch cart prototype, including the addition of the ACME screws and the folding brackets. This allows our sponsor to see the intended improvements made to the past prototype and understand the primary goal of our project. Then, in the implementation section, we cover the entire manufacturing process to allow our sponsor to understand what manufacturing steps must be …


Exploring Post-Covid-19 Health Effects And Features With Advanced Machine Learning Techniques, Muhammad N. Islam, Md S. Islam, Nahid H. Shourav, Iftiaqur Rahman, Faiz A. Faisal, Md M. Islam, Iqbal H. Sarker 2024 Edith Cowan University

Exploring Post-Covid-19 Health Effects And Features With Advanced Machine Learning Techniques, Muhammad N. Islam, Md S. Islam, Nahid H. Shourav, Iftiaqur Rahman, Faiz A. Faisal, Md M. Islam, Iqbal H. Sarker

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

COVID-19 is an infectious respiratory disease that has had a significant impact, resulting in a range of outcomes including recovery, continued health issues, and the loss of life. Among those who have recovered, many experience negative health effects, particularly influenced by demographic factors such as gender and age, as well as physiological and neurological factors like sleep patterns, emotional states, anxiety, and memory. This research aims to explore various health factors affecting different demographic profiles and establish significant correlations among physiological and neurological factors in the post-COVID-19 state. To achieve these objectives, we have identified the post-COVID-19 health factors and …


Jamming Precoding In Af Relay-Aided Plc Systems With Multiple Eavessdroppers, Zhengmin Kong, Jiaxing Cui, Li Ding, Tao Huang, Shihao Yan 2024 Edith Cowan University

Jamming Precoding In Af Relay-Aided Plc Systems With Multiple Eavessdroppers, Zhengmin Kong, Jiaxing Cui, Li Ding, Tao Huang, Shihao Yan

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Enhancing information security has become increasingly significant in the digital age. This paper investigates the concept of physical layer security (PLS) within a relay-aided power line communication (PLC) system operating over a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channel based on MK model. Specifically, we examine the transmission of confidential signals between a source and a distant destination while accounting for the presence of multiple eavesdroppers, both colluding and non-colluding. We propose a two-phase jamming scheme that leverages a full-duplex (FD) amplify-and-forward (AF) relay to address this challenge. Our primary objective is to maximize the secrecy rate, which necessitates the optimization of the …


Environmental Dna Identifies Coastal Plant Community Shift 1,000 Years Ago In Torrens Island, South Australia, Nicole R. Foster, Alice R. Jones, Oscar Serrano, Anna Lafratta, Paul S. Lavery, Kor-Jent van Dijk, Ed Biffin, Bronwyn M. Gillanders, Jennifer Young, Pere Masque, Patricia S. Gadd, Geraldine E. Jacobsen, Atun Zawadzki, Andria Greene, Michelle Waycott 2024 Edith Cowan University

Environmental Dna Identifies Coastal Plant Community Shift 1,000 Years Ago In Torrens Island, South Australia, Nicole R. Foster, Alice R. Jones, Oscar Serrano, Anna Lafratta, Paul S. Lavery, Kor-Jent Van Dijk, Ed Biffin, Bronwyn M. Gillanders, Jennifer Young, Pere Masque, Patricia S. Gadd, Geraldine E. Jacobsen, Atun Zawadzki, Andria Greene, Michelle Waycott

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Anthropogenic activities are causing detrimental changes to coastal plants– namely seagrass, mangrove, and tidal marshes. Looking beyond recent times to past vegetation dynamics is critical to assess the response and resilience of an environment to change. Here, we develop a high-resolution multi-proxy approach, providing a new evidence base to decipher long-term change in coastal plant communities. Combining targeted environmental DNA analysis with chemical analysis of soils, we reconstructed 4,000 years of change at a temperate wetland on Torrens Island South Australia and identified an ecosystem shift that occurred ~ 1000 years ago. What was once a subtidal seagrass system shifted …


Hisoma: A Hierarchical Multi-Agent Model Integrating Self-Organizing Neural Networks With Multi-Agent Deep Reinforcement Learning, Minghong GENG, Shubham PATERIA, Budhitama SUBAGDJA, Ah-hwee TAN 2024 Singapore Management University

Hisoma: A Hierarchical Multi-Agent Model Integrating Self-Organizing Neural Networks With Multi-Agent Deep Reinforcement Learning, Minghong Geng, Shubham Pateria, Budhitama Subagdja, Ah-Hwee Tan

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Multi-agent deep reinforcement learning (MADRL) has shown remarkable advancements in the past decade. However, most current MADRL models focus on task-specific short-horizon problems involving a small number of agents, limiting their applicability to long-horizon planning in complex environments. Hierarchical multi-agent models offer a promising solution by organizing agents into different levels, effectively addressing tasks with varying planning horizons. However, these models often face constraints related to the number of agents or levels of hierarchies. This paper introduces HiSOMA, a novel hierarchical multi-agent model designed to handle long-horizon, multi-agent, multi-task decision-making problems. The top-level controller, FALCON, is modeled as a class …


What Do We Know About Hugging Face? A Systematic Literature Review And Quantitative Validation Of Qualitative Claims, Jason Jones, Wenxin Jiang, Nicholas Synovic, George K. Thiruvathukal, James C. Davis 2024 Purdue University

What Do We Know About Hugging Face? A Systematic Literature Review And Quantitative Validation Of Qualitative Claims, Jason Jones, Wenxin Jiang, Nicholas Synovic, George K. Thiruvathukal, James C. Davis

Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Background: Collaborative Software Package Registries (SPRs) are an integral part of the software supply chain. Much engineering work synthesizes SPR package into applications. Prior research has examined SPRs for traditional software, such as NPM (JavaScript) and PyPI (Python). Pre-Trained Model (PTM) Registries are an emerging class of SPR of increasing importance, because they support the deep learning supply chain.
Aims: Recent empirical research has examined PTM registries in ways such as vulnerabilities, reuse processes, and evolution. However, no existing research synthesizes them to provide a systematic understanding of the current knowledge. Some of the existing research includes qualitative …


Generative Ai In Software Engineering Must Be Human-Centered: The Copenhagen Manifesto, D. Russo, S. van Berkel Baltes, Cristoph Treude, Christoph TREUDE 2024 Singapore Management University

Generative Ai In Software Engineering Must Be Human-Centered: The Copenhagen Manifesto, D. Russo, S. Van Berkel Baltes, Cristoph Treude, Christoph Treude

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

The advent of Generative Artificial Intelligence—systems that can produce human-like content such as text, music, visual art, or source code—marks not only a significant leap for Artificial Intelligence (AI) but also a pivotal moment for software practitioners and researchers. The role of software engineering researchers and practitioners in adopting the technologies that shape our world is critical. Historically, the human aspects of developing software have been treated as secondary to more technical innovations. However, the emergence of Generative AI will simultaneously enhance human capabilities while surfacing complex ethical, social, legal, and technical challenges.While primarily aimed at software engineering (SE) researchers …


Limit Theorems For L-Functions In Analytic Number Theory, Asher Roberts 2024 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Limit Theorems For L-Functions In Analytic Number Theory, Asher Roberts

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

We use the method of Radziwill and Soundararajan to prove Selberg’s central limit theorem for the real part of the logarithm of the Riemann zeta function on the critical line in the multivariate case. This gives an alternate proof of a result of Bourgade. An upshot of the method is to determine a rate of convergence in the sense of the Dudley distance. This is the same rate Selberg claims using the Kolmogorov distance. We also achieve the same rate of convergence in the case of Dirichlet L-functions. Assuming the Riemann hypothesis, we improve the rate of convergence by using …


Twisted Spatiotemporal Optical Vortex Beams In Dispersive Media, Milo W. Hyde IV 2024 Air Force Institute of Technology

Twisted Spatiotemporal Optical Vortex Beams In Dispersive Media, Milo W. Hyde Iv

Faculty Publications

We derive a closed-form expression for the mutual coherence function (MCF) of a twisted spatiotemporal optical vortex (STOV) beam after propagating a distance in a linear dispersive medium. A twisted STOV beam is a partially coherent optical field that possesses a coherent STOV and a stochastic twist coupling its space and time dimensions. These beams belong to a special class of space–time-coupled light fields that carry transverse (to the direction of propagation) orbital angular momentum, making them potentially useful in numerous applications including quantum optics, optical manipulation, and optical communications. After presenting the derivation, we validate our new general MCF …


Granular3d: Delving Into Multi-Granularity 3d Scene Graph Prediction, Kaixiang HUANG, Jingru YANG, Jin WANG, Shengfeng HE, Zhan WANG, Haiyan HE, Qifeng ZHANG, Guodong LU 2024 Singapore Management University

Granular3d: Delving Into Multi-Granularity 3d Scene Graph Prediction, Kaixiang Huang, Jingru Yang, Jin Wang, Shengfeng He, Zhan Wang, Haiyan He, Qifeng Zhang, Guodong Lu

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

This paper addresses the significant challenges in 3D Semantic Scene Graph (3DSSG) prediction, essential for understanding complex 3D environments. Traditional approaches, primarily using PointNet and Graph Convolutional Networks, struggle with effectively extracting multi-grained features from intricate 3D scenes, largely due to a focus on global scene processing and single-scale feature extraction. To overcome these limitations, we introduce Granular3D, a novel approach that shifts the focus towards multi-granularity analysis by predicting relation triplets from specific sub-scenes. One key is the Adaptive Instance Enveloping Method (AIEM), which establishes an approximate envelope structure around irregular instances, providing shape-adaptive local point cloud sampling, thereby …


Reclaiming Healing Spaces: A Phenomenological Study On The Transformative Power Of Outdoor Therapy From The Lived Experiences Of Black Clinicians Working With Black Clients, Lynn Murphy 2024 National Louis University

Reclaiming Healing Spaces: A Phenomenological Study On The Transformative Power Of Outdoor Therapy From The Lived Experiences Of Black Clinicians Working With Black Clients, Lynn Murphy

Dissertations

This phenomenological study involved assessing the experiences of Black therapists who engaged Black clients in outdoor therapeutic contexts. The study was founded on the existing literature that shows the quality of the therapeutic relationship is pivotal for client retention and the Western standards that have historically favored treatment within indoor environments. To contextualize this research, a comprehensive literature review was commenced, covering topics such as the decolonization of therapy, the historical and present-day relationship between Blacks and the outdoors in the United States, sedentary lifestyles, the psychological benefits of time spent in nature, various types of outdoor therapy, and the …


The Reveal: A Technical Study And Conservation Treatment Of An Overpaint Portrait, Camille Ferrer 2024 SUNY University at Buffalo

The Reveal: A Technical Study And Conservation Treatment Of An Overpaint Portrait, Camille Ferrer

Art Conservation Master's Projects

A severely damaged 19th-century oil painting depicting a portrait of a woman was treated at Patricia H. and E. Garman Art Conservation Department. A typed letter provided by the owner mentioned that it has been previously restored yet returned with unsatisfactory results. After further examination, the painting appeared to have been previously treated multiple times by different people. There was overpaint distinctly present on the face and later discovered to be present overall. The full state of condition of the painting was initially unknown due to the sum of the surface being overpainted. However, there were evidence of paint loss …


Highly Toxic Aβ Begets More Aβ, Merc M. Kemeh, Noel Lazo 2024 Clark University

Highly Toxic Aβ Begets More Aβ, Merc M. Kemeh, Noel Lazo

Chemistry

No abstract provided.


Module: Ai And Value-Neutrality, Jonathan Auyer Ph.D., Department of Philosophy 2024 SUNY Geneseo

Module: Ai And Value-Neutrality, Jonathan Auyer Ph.D., Department Of Philosophy

Artificial Intelligence, 2024-25

Artificial Intelligence is on the tips of everyone’s tongues these days – What exactly is it? What will can it be used for? What will it be used for in the future? What problems will it create or solve or exacerbate? This learning module aims to look at a specific facet of AI — the issue of value-neutrality — by having students look inward at capabilities necessary for human flourishing and then ask whether AI can cultivate (or inhibit) those capabilities. This will lead to a discussion of what values underlie AI and what this says about whether or not …


Chatgpt Can Write My Class Assignments, Right?: A Guided Classroom Activity For Teaching The Strengths And Weaknesses Of Generative-Ai Tools, Dr. Peter J. Kalenda Assistant Professor, Elementary Science & Math, School of Education 2024 SUNY Geneseo

Chatgpt Can Write My Class Assignments, Right?: A Guided Classroom Activity For Teaching The Strengths And Weaknesses Of Generative-Ai Tools, Dr. Peter J. Kalenda Assistant Professor, Elementary Science & Math, School Of Education

Artificial Intelligence, 2024-25

This module is designed to support your undergraduate or graduate students with developing an understanding of:

  • How to use generative-AI tools, like ChatGPT,
  • The strengths and weaknesses of generative-AI tools for completing different tasks,
  • How to design and revise a classroom presentation that is aligned with course topics and objectives by using generative-AI tools as a resource, and
  • How to engage in prompt engineering and prompt revision for generative-AI tools.

Your students are being tasked with creating an engaging presentation they will deliver to their peers that aligns with the topics and learning objectives of your course. However, they will …


Creating A Business In 50 Minutes With Ai, Mark A. Rider VanArsdale Chair in Entrepreneurship, School of Business 2024 SUNY Geneseo

Creating A Business In 50 Minutes With Ai, Mark A. Rider Vanarsdale Chair In Entrepreneurship, School Of Business

Artificial Intelligence, 2024-25

This lesson plan explores using artificial intelligence (AI) to enhance the process of business idea generation and validation. Over a dynamic 50-minute workshop, students will engage with AI tools, particularly Microsoft's Copilot, to develop viable business concepts aligned with their personal interests and market needs.

The session begins with the Ikigai exercise, guiding students to identify their passions, strengths, and potential economic opportunities. Following this, students will use AI to engage in divergent thinking, generating a wide range of business ideas and refining them through iterative prompts until they find promising concepts.

In the validation phase, students will employ AI …


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