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Meet Me In The Middle: A Scoping Review On Understanding Adolescent Needs In Climate Communication, Gwendolyn Monica Hoff Anderson 2023 University of San Francisco

Meet Me In The Middle: A Scoping Review On Understanding Adolescent Needs In Climate Communication, Gwendolyn Monica Hoff Anderson

Master's Projects and Capstones

The greatest effects of climate change are likely to be felt by youth. Young people are disproportionately affected by climate change due to their critical developmental stage and lack of power, and they experience both higher severity and prevalence of mental health issues related to climate change. Strong emotions have long been recognized as potential catalysts for action, or they may lead to paralyzing feelings of being overwhelmed. Climate communication is a critical tool to spark climate concern and encourage action. Activism, in turn, may help youth manage their anxiety about climate change. This scoping review examines emerging evidence on …


The Loneliest Galaxies In The Universe: A Gama And Galaxy Zoo Study On Void Galaxy Morphology., Lori E. Porter 2023 University of Louisville

The Loneliest Galaxies In The Universe: A Gama And Galaxy Zoo Study On Void Galaxy Morphology., Lori E. Porter

College of Arts & Sciences Senior Honors Theses

The large-scale structure (LSS) of the Universe is comprised of galaxy filaments, tendrils, and voids. The majority of the Universe’s volume is taken up by these voids, which exist as underdense, but not empty, regions. The galaxies found inside voids are void galaxies and expected to be some of the most isolated objects in the Universe. However, their standard morphology remains poorly studied. This study, using the Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) data and Galaxy Zoo survey, aims to remedy this. For completeness purposes, we use void galaxies identified by Alpaslan et al. (2014) with stellar masses (M*) of 10 …


Logic And Rationality, Rohit J. Parikh 2023 CUNY Graduate Center

Logic And Rationality, Rohit J. Parikh

Publications and Research

Logic aims at truth, or more accurately, at deriving some truths from other truths. But why are we interested in truth in the first place? Surely one reason is that relying on truth makes it easier to make better choices.

One could think of Game theory as a tool which bridges the gap between logic and rationality.

Decision theory - or single agent game theory tells us when to make the best choice in a game of us against nature. But nature has no desire to further or frustrate our efforts. Nature is mysterious but not malign. Things change when …


The Vehicle Routing Problem With Simultaneous Pickup And Delivery And Occasional Drivers, Vincent F. YU, Grace ALOINA, Panca JODIAWAN, Aldy GUNAWAN, Tsung-C. HUANG 2023 Singapore Management University

The Vehicle Routing Problem With Simultaneous Pickup And Delivery And Occasional Drivers, Vincent F. Yu, Grace Aloina, Panca Jodiawan, Aldy Gunawan, Tsung-C. Huang

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

This research addresses the Vehicle Routing Problem with Simultaneous Pickup and Delivery and Occasional Drivers (VRPSPDOD), which is inspired from the importance of addressing product returns and the emerging notion of involving available crowds to perform pickup and delivery activities in exchange for some compensation. At the depot, a set of regular vehicles is available to deliver and/or pick up customers’ goods. A set of occasional drivers, each defined by their origin, destination, and flexibility, is also able to help serve the customers. The objective of VRPSPDOD is to minimize the total traveling cost of operating regular vehicles and total …


Combinatorial Identities Associated With A Bivariate Generating Function For Overpartition Pairs, Atul Dixit, Ankush Goswami 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Combinatorial Identities Associated With A Bivariate Generating Function For Overpartition Pairs, Atul Dixit, Ankush Goswami

Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

We obtain a three-parameter q-series identity that generalizes two results of Chan and Mao. By specializing our identity, we derive new results of combinatorial significance in connection with N(r,s,m,n), a function counting certain overpartition pairs recently introduced by Bringmann, Lovejoy and Osburn. For example, one of our identities gives a closed-form evaluation of a double series in terms of Chebyshev polynomials of the second kind, thereby resulting in an analogue of Euler's pentagonal number theorem. Another of our results expresses a multi-sum involving N(r,s,m,n) in terms of just the partition function p(n). Using a result of Shimura we also relate …


Learning Comprehensive Global Features In Person Re-Identification: Ensuring Discriminativeness Of More Local Regions, Jiali XIA, Jianqiang HUANG, Shibao ZHENG, Qin ZHOU, Bernt SCHIELE, Xian-Sheng HUA, Qianru SUN 2023 Singapore Management University

Learning Comprehensive Global Features In Person Re-Identification: Ensuring Discriminativeness Of More Local Regions, Jiali Xia, Jianqiang Huang, Shibao Zheng, Qin Zhou, Bernt Schiele, Xian-Sheng Hua, Qianru Sun

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Person re-identification (Re-ID) aims to retrieve person images from a large gallery given a query image of a person of interest. Global information and fine-grained local features are both essential for the representation. However, global embedding learned by naive classification model tends to be trapped in the most discriminative local region, leading to poor evaluation performance. To address the issue, we propose a novel baseline network that learns strong global feature termed as Comprehensive Global Embedding (CGE), ensuring more local regions of global feature maps to be discriminative. In this work, two key modules are proposed including Non-parameterized Local Classifier …


Online Hyperparameter Optimization For Class-Incremental Learning, Yaoyao LIU, Yingying LI, Bernt SCHIELE, Qianru SUN 2023 Singapore Management University

Online Hyperparameter Optimization For Class-Incremental Learning, Yaoyao Liu, Yingying Li, Bernt Schiele, Qianru Sun

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Class-incremental learning (CIL) aims to train a classification model while the number of classes increases phase-by-phase. An inherent challenge of CIL is the stability-plasticity tradeoff, i.e., CIL models should keep stable to retain old knowledge and keep plastic to absorb new knowledge. However, none of the existing CIL models can achieve the optimal tradeoff in different data-receiving settings—where typically the training-from-half (TFH) setting needs more stability, but the training-from-scratch (TFS) needs more plasticity. To this end, we design an online learning method that can adaptively optimize the tradeoff without knowing the setting as a priori. Specifically, we first introduce the …


Carbon Dioxide Capture Potential Of Chitosan-Nanocrystalline Cellulose Aerogel Composite Materials: Synthesis, Functionalization, And Characterization, Victor Oghenekohwo 2023 American University in Cairo

Carbon Dioxide Capture Potential Of Chitosan-Nanocrystalline Cellulose Aerogel Composite Materials: Synthesis, Functionalization, And Characterization, Victor Oghenekohwo

Theses and Dissertations

The carbon dioxide capture technology has been established as an invaluable player in the current global efforts to allay the warming of the planet and climate change. In this connection, the study centers on the valorization of waste organic materials for the application described herein. The sorbents, sourced from a combination of by-products of food processing and agricultural residue waste products, viz. seafood waste and sugarcane bagasse, showed prospects for selective carbon dioxide capture, adsorbing up to 5.78 mg/g of the gas at 273 K and 2.82 mg/g at 298 K, as observed on the Micromeritic ASAP 2020 surface area …


Azimuthal Anisotropy Of Different Quark-Flavored Particles In High Energy "Simulated" Proton-Proton Collisions, Mahmoud Rateb 2023 American University in Cairo

Azimuthal Anisotropy Of Different Quark-Flavored Particles In High Energy "Simulated" Proton-Proton Collisions, Mahmoud Rateb

Theses and Dissertations

Anisotropic flow in high energy heavy-ion collisions is taken as a key evidence for the formation of QGP for brief seconds right after the collisions. Hydrodynamic models including QGP formation are accurate at predicting the azimuthal anisotropy of the produced particles at low transverse momenta. At high momenta however, hydrodynamic models predict no azimuthal anisotropy for particles of different masses and quark-flavors; the logic being that because of their high momenta, the particles pass through the media without having any time to have any reactivity. This is contrary to results from experiments where measurements of particles of different quark flavors …


Sediment Metagenomics Reveals The Impacts Of Poultry Industry Wastewater On Antibiotic Resistance And Nitrogen Cycling Genes In Tidal Creek Ecosystems, Miguel Semedo, Bongkeun Song 2023 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Sediment Metagenomics Reveals The Impacts Of Poultry Industry Wastewater On Antibiotic Resistance And Nitrogen Cycling Genes In Tidal Creek Ecosystems, Miguel Semedo, Bongkeun Song

VIMS Articles

The intensification of the poultry industry may lead to the increased spread of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment. However, the impacts of wastewater discharge from poultry processing plants on the sediment resistome are relatively unexplored. Furthermore, its relationships with important biogeochemical pathways, such as the N cycle, are virtually unknown. The overall objective of this study was to examine the abundance and diversity of antibiotic resistance and N cycling genes in sediment microbial communities impacted by poultry industry wastewater. We performed a metagenomic investigation of sediments in an impacted and a reference tidal creek. We also quantified the …


Observing Human Mobility Internationally During Covid-19, Shane Allcroft, Mohammed Metwaly, Zachery Berg, Isha Ghodgaonkar, Fischer Bordwell, XinXin Zhao, Xinglei Liu, Jiahao Xu, Subhankar Chakraborty, Vishnu Banna, Akhil Chinnakotla, Abhinav Goel, Caleb Tung, Gore Kao, Wei Zakharov, David A. Shoham, George K. Thiruvathukal, Yung-Hsiang Lu 2023 Purdue University

Observing Human Mobility Internationally During Covid-19, Shane Allcroft, Mohammed Metwaly, Zachery Berg, Isha Ghodgaonkar, Fischer Bordwell, Xinxin Zhao, Xinglei Liu, Jiahao Xu, Subhankar Chakraborty, Vishnu Banna, Akhil Chinnakotla, Abhinav Goel, Caleb Tung, Gore Kao, Wei Zakharov, David A. Shoham, George K. Thiruvathukal, Yung-Hsiang Lu

Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

This article analyzes visual data captured from five countries and three U.S. states to evaluate the effectiveness of lockdown policies for reducing the spread of COVID-19. The main challenge is the scale: nearly six million images are analyzed to observe how people respond to the policy changes.


Statistical Models For Decision-Making In Professional Soccer, Sean Hellingman 2023 Wilfrid Laurier University

Statistical Models For Decision-Making In Professional Soccer, Sean Hellingman

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

As soccer is widely regarded as the most popular sport in the world there is high interest in methods of improving team performances. There are many ways teams and individual athletes can influence their own performances during competition. This thesis focuses on developing statistical methodologies for improving competition-based decision-making for soccer so as to allow professional soccer teams to make better informed decisions regarding player selection and in-game decision-making.

To properly capture the dynamic actions of professional soccer, Markov chains with increasing complexity are proposed. These models allow for the inclusion of potential changes in the process caused by goals …


Spectral Sequences And Khovanov Homology, Zachary J. Winkeler 2023 Dartmouth College

Spectral Sequences And Khovanov Homology, Zachary J. Winkeler

Dartmouth College Ph.D Dissertations

In this thesis, we will focus on two main topics; the common thread between both will be the existence of spectral sequences relating Khovanov homology to other knot invariants. Our first topic is an invariant MKh(L) for links in thickened disks with multiple punctures. This invariant is different from but inspired by both the Asaeda-Pryzytycki-Sikora (APS) homology and its specialization to links in the solid torus. Our theory will be constructed from a Z^n-filtration on the Khovanov complex, and as a result we will get various spectral sequences relating MKh(L) to Kh(L), AKh(L), and APS(L). Our …


Green And Non-Green Extraction Of Eugenol From Cloves Using Steam Distillation, Bek Yuldashbaev 2023 Belmont University

Green And Non-Green Extraction Of Eugenol From Cloves Using Steam Distillation, Bek Yuldashbaev

Science University Research Symposium (SURS)

Eugenol is commonly found in many plants such as cloves. It is one of the most used natural anesthetics in dentistry. Indonesia is one of the places indigenous to clove trees. Its people take advantage of the pain numbing properties in cloves to aid their tooth pain. The extraction of eugenol itself can be performed through steam distillation. With the process of distillation, the steam carries the oils extracted from the clove buds and recondenses into a cloudy distillate containing polar and non-polar molecules. To separate the eugenol from the distillate, green and non-green solvents were used. The green solvent …


Novel Compact Magnetless Isolator Based On A Magneto-Optical Garnet Material, Gianni Portela, Miguel Levy, Hugo E. Hernandez-Figueroa 2023 Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Novel Compact Magnetless Isolator Based On A Magneto-Optical Garnet Material, Gianni Portela, Miguel Levy, Hugo E. Hernandez-Figueroa

Michigan Tech Publications

A compact magnetless isolator for optical communication systems based on a ring resonator with an outer layer made of silicon and an inner layer made of a magneto-optical material that does not require an external magnet to keep its magnetization saturated is suggested. Three-dimensional computational simulations of the device performed with the full-wave electromagnetic solver COMSOL Multiphysics show that the insertion loss and isolation levels are about −1.9 dB and −23 dB, respectively, thus confirming the feasibility of the isolator. An analytical model of the device based on the temporal coupled-mode theory method has been formulated and there is a …


Isotopic Signature Of Massive, Buried Ice In Eastern Taylor Valley, Antarctica: Implications For Its Origin, Christopher B. Gardner, Melisa A. Diaz, Devin F. Smith, Andrew G. Fountain, Joseph S. Levy, W. Berry Lyons 2022 Ohio State University

Isotopic Signature Of Massive, Buried Ice In Eastern Taylor Valley, Antarctica: Implications For Its Origin, Christopher B. Gardner, Melisa A. Diaz, Devin F. Smith, Andrew G. Fountain, Joseph S. Levy, W. Berry Lyons

Geography Faculty Publications and Presentations

The coastal regions of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, contain deposits of the Ross Sea Drift, sedimentary material left from the Ross Sea ice sheet from the advance of the West Antarctic ice sheet during the Last Glacial Maximum. Much of this deposit is ice-cored, but data on the stable isotopic composition of water from this ice, which may contain a valuable climate archive, are sparse or incomplete. Widespread thermokarstic ground subsidence in this “coastal thaw zone” of the McMurdo Dry Valleys suggests that these potential records are rapidly being lost due to the melting of ground ice and permafrost. …


Dealing With Dimensionality: Problems And Techniques In High-Dimensional Statistics, Cezareo Rodriguez 2022 Washington University in St. Louis

Dealing With Dimensionality: Problems And Techniques In High-Dimensional Statistics, Cezareo Rodriguez

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In modern data analysis, problems involving high dimensional data with more variables than subjects is increasingly common. Two such cases are mediation analysis and distributed optimization. In Chapter 2 we start with an overview of high dimensional statistics and mediation analysis. In Chapter 3 we motivate and prove properties for a new marginal screening procedure for performing high dimensional mediation analysis. This screening procedure is shown via simulation to perform better than benchmark approaches and is applied to a DNA methylation study. In Chapter 4 we construct a cryptosystem that accurately performs distributed penalized quantile regression in the high-dimensional setting …


Geometry And Dynamics Of Rolling Systems, Bowei Zhao 2022 Washington University in St. Louis

Geometry And Dynamics Of Rolling Systems, Bowei Zhao

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Billiard systems, broadly speaking, may be regarded as models of mechanical systems in which rigid parts interact through elastic impulsive collision forces. When it is desired or necessary to account for linear/angular momentum exchange in collisions involving a spherical body, a type of billiard system often referred to as no-slip has been used. Previous work indicated that no-slip billiards resemble non-holonomic systems, specifically, systems consisting of a ball rolling on surface. In prior research, such connections were only observed numerically and were restricted to very special surfaces. In this thesis, it is shown that no-slip billiard and rolling systems are …


The Isotropic And Anisotropic Structure Of Antarctica From Seismic Inversion, Zhengyang Zhou 2022 Washington University in St. Louis

The Isotropic And Anisotropic Structure Of Antarctica From Seismic Inversion, Zhengyang Zhou

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation utilizes multiple techniques of earthquake tomography to investigate the seismic structure of the crust and mantle beneath Antarctica. The isotropic structure of the Antarctic crust and upper mantle is now constrained by several seismic studies, but until now few studies have investigated the anisotropic structure. Therefore, in this study, I focus on the anisotropic structure, which is crucial information to understanding current or historic deformation and flow patterns, as well as the organic process of Antarctica. I use the data from the seismic stations deployed on the Antarctica continent during the past 20 years, as well as other …


Contribution To Data Science: Time Series, Uncertainty Quantification And Applications, Dhrubajyoti Ghosh 2022 Washington University in St. Louis

Contribution To Data Science: Time Series, Uncertainty Quantification And Applications, Dhrubajyoti Ghosh

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Time series analysis is an essential tool in modern world statistical analysis, with a myriad of real data problems having temporal components that need to be studied to gain a better understanding of the temporal dependence structure in the data. For example, in the stock market, it is of significant importance to identify the ups and downs of the stock prices, for which time series analysis is crucial. Most of the existing literature on time series deals with linear time series, or with Gaussianity assumption. However, there are multiple instances where the time series shows nonlinear trends, or when the …


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