Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,563 Full-Text Articles 3,600 Authors 543,325 Downloads 122 Institutions

All Articles in Engineering Physics

Faceted Search

1,563 full-text articles. Page 4 of 67.

Fabrication And Testing Of A Prototype Rf-Dipole Crabbing Cavity, S. U. De Silva, J. R. Delayen, H. Park 2023 Old Dominion University

Fabrication And Testing Of A Prototype Rf-Dipole Crabbing Cavity, S. U. De Silva, J. R. Delayen, H. Park

Physics Faculty Publications

Crabbing cavities are essential in particle colliders to compensate the luminosity degradation due to beam collision at a crossing angle. The 952.6 MHz 2-cell rf-dipole crabbing cavity system was proposed for the Jefferson Lab Electron-Ion Collider to restore the head-on collisions of electron and proton bunches at the interaction point. A prototype cavity was designed and developed to demonstrate the performance of multi-cell rf-dipole structures. This paper presents the fabrication process and cold test results of the first 2-cell rf-dipole prototype cavity.


Eic 197 Mhz Crab Cavity Rf Optimization, Zenghai Li, Subashini U. De Silva, Jean R. Delayen, Robert A. Rimmer, Qiong Wu, Binping Xiao, Wencan Xu 2023 SLAC

Eic 197 Mhz Crab Cavity Rf Optimization, Zenghai Li, Subashini U. De Silva, Jean R. Delayen, Robert A. Rimmer, Qiong Wu, Binping Xiao, Wencan Xu

Physics Faculty Publications

Crab cavities, operating at 197 MHz and 394 MHz respectively, will be used to compensate the loss of luminosity due to a 25 mrad crossing angle at the interaction point in the Electron Ion Collider (EIC). Both crab cavities are of the RF Dipole (RFD) shape. To meet the machine design requirements, there are a few important cavity design considerations that need to be addressed. First, to achieve stable cavity operation at the design voltages, cavity geometry details must be optimized to suppress potential multipacting. Incorporating strong HOM damping in the cavity design is required for the beam stability and …


First Use Of A Longitudinally Polarized Target With Clas12, C. D. Keith, J. Brock, C. Carlin, T. Kageya, V. Lagerquist, J. Maxwell, P. Pandey 2023 Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

First Use Of A Longitudinally Polarized Target With Clas12, C. D. Keith, J. Brock, C. Carlin, T. Kageya, V. Lagerquist, J. Maxwell, P. Pandey

Physics Faculty Publications

Run Group C comprises eight experiments utilizing the CLAS12 detector system in Hall B at Jefferson Lab to study the multidimensional partonic structure of nucleons. The experiments scatter electrons from polarized protons and neutrons in samples of solid NH3 and ND3, dynamically polarized at a temperature of 1 K in a 5 T magnetic field. After a brief description of the target system, the current status of the target and preliminary results of its performance in the experiment are presented.


Status And Future Plans For C³ R&D, Emilio A. Nanni, Martin Breidenbach, Zenghai Li, Caterina Vernieri, Faya Wang, Glen White, Mei Bai, Sergey Belomestnykh, Pushpalatha Bhat, Tim Barklow, William J. Berg, Valery Borzenets, John Byrd, Ankur Dhar, Ram C. Dhuley, Chris Doss, Joseph Duris, Auralee Edelen, Claudio Emma, Joseph Frisch, Annika Gabriel, Spenser Gessner, Carsten Hast, Chunguang Jing, Arkadiy Klebaner, Dongsung Kim, Anatoly Krasnykh, John Lewellen, Matthias Liepe, Michael Litos, Xueying Lu, Jared Maxon, David Montanari, Pietro Musumeci, Sergei Nagaitsev, Alireza Nassiri, Cho-Kuen Ng, David A. K. Othman, Marco Oriunno, Dennis Palmer, J. Ritchie Patterson, Michael E. Peskin, Thomas J. Peterson, John Power, Ji Qiang, James Rosenzweig, Vladimir Shiltsev, Muhammad Shumail, Evgenya Simakov, Emma Snively, Bruno Spataro, Sami Tantawi, Harry van der Graaf, Brandon Weatherford, Juhao Wu, Kent P. Wootton 2023 Old Dominion University

Status And Future Plans For C³ R&D, Emilio A. Nanni, Martin Breidenbach, Zenghai Li, Caterina Vernieri, Faya Wang, Glen White, Mei Bai, Sergey Belomestnykh, Pushpalatha Bhat, Tim Barklow, William J. Berg, Valery Borzenets, John Byrd, Ankur Dhar, Ram C. Dhuley, Chris Doss, Joseph Duris, Auralee Edelen, Claudio Emma, Joseph Frisch, Annika Gabriel, Spenser Gessner, Carsten Hast, Chunguang Jing, Arkadiy Klebaner, Dongsung Kim, Anatoly Krasnykh, John Lewellen, Matthias Liepe, Michael Litos, Xueying Lu, Jared Maxon, David Montanari, Pietro Musumeci, Sergei Nagaitsev, Alireza Nassiri, Cho-Kuen Ng, David A. K. Othman, Marco Oriunno, Dennis Palmer, J. Ritchie Patterson, Michael E. Peskin, Thomas J. Peterson, John Power, Ji Qiang, James Rosenzweig, Vladimir Shiltsev, Muhammad Shumail, Evgenya Simakov, Emma Snively, Bruno Spataro, Sami Tantawi, Harry Van Der Graaf, Brandon Weatherford, Juhao Wu, Kent P. Wootton

Physics Faculty Publications

C3 is an opportunity to realize an e+e- collider for the study of the Higgs boson at √s = 250 GeV, with a well defined upgrade path to 550 GeV while staying on the same short facility footprint [2,3]. C3 is based on a fundamentally new approach to normal conducting linear accelerators that achieves both high gradient and high efficiency at relatively low cost. Given the advanced state of linear collider designs, the key system that requires technical maturation for C3 is the main linac. This paper presents the staged approach towards a …


Superconducting Non-Elliptical Cavities (Tem Cavity Designs), Subashini De Silva 2023 Old Dominion University

Superconducting Non-Elliptical Cavities (Tem Cavity Designs), Subashini De Silva

Physics Faculty Publications

This lecture will present fundamental of RF to accelerate or reflect beams. The lecture will cover the electrical design method of the SRF high/medium/low beta cavities. The difference in the cavity design between TM mode and TE will be emphasized.


Modeling A Nb3Sn Cryounit In Gpt At Uitf, Sunil Pokharel, A. S. Hofler, Geoffrey A. Krafft 2023 Old Dominion University

Modeling A Nb3Sn Cryounit In Gpt At Uitf, Sunil Pokharel, A. S. Hofler, Geoffrey A. Krafft

Physics Faculty Publications

Nb3Sn is a prospective material for future superconducting radio frequency (SRF) accelerator cavities. Compared to conventional niobium, the material can achieve higher quality factors, higher temperature operation, and potentially higher accelerating gradients (Eacc ≈ 96 MV/m). In this work, we performed modeling of the Upgraded Injector Test Facility (UITF) at Jefferson Lab utilizing newly constructed Nb3Sn cavities. We studied the effects of the buncher cavity and varied the gun voltage from 200-500 keV. We have calibrated and optimized the SRF cavity gradients and phases for the Nb3Sn five-cell cavities' energy gains with the …


Tuning Microwave Losses In Superconducting Resonators, Alex Gurevich 2023 Old Dominion University

Tuning Microwave Losses In Superconducting Resonators, Alex Gurevich

Physics Faculty Publications

Performance of superconducting resonators, particularly cavities for particle accelerators and micro cavities and thin film resonators for quantum computations and photon detectors has been improved substantially by recent materials treatments and technological advances. As a result, the niobium cavities have reached the quality factors Q ~ 1011 at 1-2 GHz and 1.5 K and the breakdown radio-frequency (rf) fields H close to the dc superheating eld of the Meissner state. These advances raise the question whether the state-of-the-art cavities are close to the fundamental limits, what these limits actually are, and to what extent the Q and H limits …


Superheating Field In Superconductors With Nanostructured Surfaces, W. P. M. R. Pathirana, A. Gurevich 2023 Virginia Military Institute

Superheating Field In Superconductors With Nanostructured Surfaces, W. P. M. R. Pathirana, A. Gurevich

Physics Faculty Publications

We report calculations of a dc superheating field Hsh in superconductors with nanostructured surfaces. Numerical simulations of the Ginzburg-Landau (GL) equations were performed for a superconductor with an inhomogeneous impurity concentration, a thin superconducting layer on top of another superconductor, and superconductor-insulator-superconductor (S-I-S) multilayers.The superheating field was calculated taking into account the instability of the Meissner state with a nonzero wavelength along the surface, which is essential for realistic values of the GL parameter κ. Simulations were done for the materials parameters of Nb and Nb3Sn at different values of κ and the mean free paths. We …


Analytical Heat Transfer Modeling Of The Microwave Heating Process: A Focus On Carbon Black, Craig Offutt 2023 West Virginia University

Analytical Heat Transfer Modeling Of The Microwave Heating Process: A Focus On Carbon Black, Craig Offutt

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Electronic waste (e-waste) has become a significant environmental issue due to the rapid advancement of technology, increasing demand for electronic devices, and shorter lifespan of electronics. One critical step in processing the e-waste involves ball milling as a means of preparing the recycling e-waste for the recovery of critical materials. Ball milling is a technique that involves the mechanical crushing and grinding of electronic waste to reduce its size and improve its reactivity during recovery. Our focused recovery technique is based on a microwave recovery technique of these critical materials from e-waste. The size and distribution of the e-waste with …


Light Water Sustainability Program: Optimizing Information Automation Using A New Method Based On System-Theoretic Process Analysis, Jeffrey Joe, Larry Hettinger, Marvin Dainoff, Patrick Murray, Yusuke Yamani 2023 Old Dominion University

Light Water Sustainability Program: Optimizing Information Automation Using A New Method Based On System-Theoretic Process Analysis, Jeffrey Joe, Larry Hettinger, Marvin Dainoff, Patrick Murray, Yusuke Yamani

Psychology Faculty Publications

This report describes the interim progress for research supporting the design and optimization of information automation systems for nuclear power plants. Much of the domestic nuclear fleet is currently focused on modernizing technologies and processes, including transitioning toward digitalization in the control room and elsewhere throughout the plant, along with a greater use of automation, artificial intelligence, robotics, and other emerging technologies. While there are significant opportunities to apply these technologies toward greater plant safety, efficiency, and overall cost-effectiveness, optimizing their design and avoiding potential safety and performance risks depends on ensuring that human-performance-related organizational and technical design issues are …


Carrier Transport Engineering In Wide Bandgap Semiconductors For Photonic And Memory Device Applications, Ravi Teja Velpula 2022 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Carrier Transport Engineering In Wide Bandgap Semiconductors For Photonic And Memory Device Applications, Ravi Teja Velpula

Dissertations

Wide bandgap (WBG) semiconductors play a crucial role in the current solid-state lighting technology. The AlGaN compound semiconductor is widely used for ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diodes (LEDs), however, the efficiency of these LEDs is largely in a single-digit percentage range due to several factors. Until recently, AlInN alloy has been relatively unexplored, though it holds potential for light-emitters operating in the visible and UV regions. In this dissertation, the first axial AlInN core-shell nanowire UV LEDs operating in the UV-A and UV-B regions with an internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of 52% are demonstrated. Moreover, the light extraction efficiency of this …


Building Structures From Mycelium, Noah M. Brown 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Building Structures From Mycelium, Noah M. Brown

Physics

The purpose of this project was to develop a method for creating bricks from mycelium and agricultural waste. The bulk of the research happened in two parts, the first part being a period in which different substrates, strains, and methods were used build the bricks. This research took place in San Luis Obispo and was aided by a group of students in PSC392 under Dr. Pete Schwartz in early 2022. After developing a method for constructing these bricks, the research was moved to St. Thomas, Jamaica, in collaboration with an ecovillage called The Source Farm from July to September. The …


First-Principles Study Of Doping Effects On Ferroelectricity And On Rashba Spin Splitting, Zegnet Yimer Muhammed 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

First-Principles Study Of Doping Effects On Ferroelectricity And On Rashba Spin Splitting, Zegnet Yimer Muhammed

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, we have thoroughly studied the effect of chemical and charge dopingon ferroelectrics (PbTiO3 and BaTiO3) and Rashba type semiconductor (BiTeI). In the first project, We investigate the polar instability and soft modes in electron-doped PbTiO3 using linear-response density functional calculations. Because, metallicity and ferroelectric-like polar distortion are mutually non-compatible, and their coexistence in the same system is an intriguing subject of fundamental interest in the field of structure phase transition. However, it is unclear what mechanism may extend the limit of metallicity that allows polar distortion. We find that ferroelectric instability can remarkably sustain up to an …


An Interactive Simulation And Visualization Tool For Conventional And Aberration-Corrected Transmission Electron Microscopy, Xingzhong Li 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

An Interactive Simulation And Visualization Tool For Conventional And Aberration-Corrected Transmission Electron Microscopy, Xingzhong Li

Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience: Faculty Publications

Contrast transfer function (CTF) is a vital function in transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It expresses to what extent amplitudes converted from the phase changes of the diffracted waves contribute to the TEM image, including the effects of lens aberrations. Simulation is very helpful to understand the application of the function thoroughly. In this work, we develop the CTFscope as a component in the Landyne software suite, to calculate the CTF with temporal and spatial dumping envelopes for conventional TEM and to extend it to various aberrations (up to fifth order) for aberration-corrected (AC)- TEM. It also includes effects on the …


Interband Transitions And Critical Points Of Single-Crystal Thoria Compared With Urania, Christina Dugan, Lu Wang, Kai Zhang, James M. Mann, Martin M. Kimani, Wai-Ning Mei, Peter A. Dowben, James C. Petrosky 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Interband Transitions And Critical Points Of Single-Crystal Thoria Compared With Urania, Christina Dugan, Lu Wang, Kai Zhang, James M. Mann, Martin M. Kimani, Wai-Ning Mei, Peter A. Dowben, James C. Petrosky

Faculty Publications

The interband transitions of UO2 are validated independently through cathode luminescence. A picture emerges consistent with density functional theory. While theory is generally consistent with experiment, it is evident from the comparison of UO2 and ThO2 that the choice of functional can significantly alter the bandgap and some details of the band structure, in particular at the conduction band minimum. Strictly ab initio predictions of the optical properties of the actinide compounds, based on density functional theory alone, continue to be somewhat elusive.


Remote Surface Optical Phonon Scattering In Ferroelectric Ba0.6Sr0.4Tio3 Gated Graphene, Hanying Chen, Tianlin Li, Yifei Hao, Anil Rajapitamahuni, Zhiyong Xiao, Stefan Schoeche, Mathias Schubert, Xia Hong 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Remote Surface Optical Phonon Scattering In Ferroelectric Ba0.6Sr0.4Tio3 Gated Graphene, Hanying Chen, Tianlin Li, Yifei Hao, Anil Rajapitamahuni, Zhiyong Xiao, Stefan Schoeche, Mathias Schubert, Xia Hong

Xia Hong Publications

We report the effect of remote surface optical (RSO) phonon scattering on carrier mobility in monolayer graphene gated by ferroelectric oxide. We fabricate monolayer graphene transistors back-gated by epitaxial (001) Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 films, with field effect mobility up to 23,000 cm2 V−1 s−1 achieved. Switching ferroelectric polarization induces nonvolatile modulation of resistance and quantum Hall effect in graphene at low temperatures. Ellipsometry spectroscopy studies reveal four pairs of optical phonon modes in Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3, from which we extract RSO phonon frequencies. The temperature dependence of resistivity in graphene can be well accounted for …


An Inexpensive Maximum Power Point Tracking System For An Insulated Solar Electric Cooker Using An Off-The-Shelf Buck Converter, Andrew A. Perez 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

An Inexpensive Maximum Power Point Tracking System For An Insulated Solar Electric Cooker Using An Off-The-Shelf Buck Converter, Andrew A. Perez

Physics

A specialized control circuit using an off-the-shelf buck converter is built for an Insulated Solar Electric Cooker (ISEC). Cost and efficient power delivery are the focus. An ISEC is synonymous to a direct load heat resistor, allowing a specific maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm and fewer components. Only a microcontroller, voltage sensor, and digital-to-analog converter are used with the buck converter to maximize the power delivered by a 100W solar panel for the 3.3Ω load.


Developing Positive Thermal Coefficient (Ptc) Heaters For Solar Electric Cooking, Katarina Ivana Brekalo, Andrew Shepherd 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Developing Positive Thermal Coefficient (Ptc) Heaters For Solar Electric Cooking, Katarina Ivana Brekalo, Andrew Shepherd

Physics

Positive Thermal Coefficients, PTCs, are materials that abruptly change in resistance in response to changes in temperature. The purpose of this experiment is to explore the viability of using the switching type ceramic PTC thermistor as a replacement for current resistive heaters. These types of PTCs have a nonlinear change in resistance with increases in temperature. This device will be used as a temperature-controlling heating element intended to power an Insulated Solar Electric Cooker (ISEC). The ISEC is designed to cook meals throughout the day for impacted communities as an alternative cooking method that doesn’t require biofuel as an energy …


Nmr Characterization Of Novel Materials For Battery Electrolyte Applications, Sahana Bhattacharyya 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Nmr Characterization Of Novel Materials For Battery Electrolyte Applications, Sahana Bhattacharyya

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The extensive application of renewable and non-renewable energy storage devices in commercial products and services and the global warming have created significant motivations to accelerate research in battery technology. In addition, the risk factors generated by the high heat generation and flammability of the batteries are being addressed by inventing new renewable or non-renewable energy resources that do not release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. This thesis discusses the applications of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy in characterizing and understanding novel battery materials as potential battery electrolytes. Works discussed include: the variable temperature characterization of water-based solid polymer electrolyte for …


Efficiency Quantification For Pulsed-Source Digital Holographic Wavefront Sensing, Steven A. Owens 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Efficiency Quantification For Pulsed-Source Digital Holographic Wavefront Sensing, Steven A. Owens

Theses and Dissertations

The efficiencies of a digital holography (DH) system in the pulsed configuration and the off-axis image plane recording geometry are analyzed. First, the system efficiencies of an infrared-wavelength DH system in a homodyne-pulsed configuration are measured and compared to those of a visible-wavelength DH system in a homodyne-continuous-wave (CW) configuration. The total-system, excess-reference-noise, shot-noise-limit, and mixing efficiencies of the pulsed-source system were found to be consistent with those of the CW-source system. This indicated no new efficiencies were necessary to characterize pulsed-source systems when no temporal delay exists between the pulses. The consistency of efficiencies also showed infrared DH systems …


Digital Commons powered by bepress