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63,65cu Nmr Study Of The Magnetically Ordered State Of The Multiferroic Cufeo2, Vasily V. Ogloblichev, Almaz F. Sadykov, Yuji Furukawa, Qing-Ping Ding, Alexey G. Smolnikov, Yuri V. Piskunov, Konstantin N. Mikhalev, Alexander P. Gerashenko, Anhua Wu, Sergei N. Barilo, Sergei V. Shiryaev 2020 Russian Academy of Sciences

63,65cu Nmr Study Of The Magnetically Ordered State Of The Multiferroic Cufeo2, Vasily V. Ogloblichev, Almaz F. Sadykov, Yuji Furukawa, Qing-Ping Ding, Alexey G. Smolnikov, Yuri V. Piskunov, Konstantin N. Mikhalev, Alexander P. Gerashenko, Anhua Wu, Sergei N. Barilo, Sergei V. Shiryaev

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Field-swept 63,65Cu NMR spectra under magnetic fields up to 8.3 T at a constant NMR frequency and temperatures T < 12 K on a single crystalline sample of multiferroic CuFeO2 were measured and analyzed. When the magnetic field is applied along the c axis, a nearly zero internal magnetic field at the Cu site in magnetic ordered state was observed. This is explained by the perfect cancellation of the internal fields produced by the 6 nearest neighbor Fe3+ (S = 5/2) ions, revealing the magnetic structure to be a collinear four-sublattice structure. On the other hand, when the magnetic field is applied along the ab plane, we observed a finite internal field at the Cu sites, which is due to the ...


Optimization Of The Automatic Operation Of The Plastic Crushing Machine, Yokubjon E. Kurbonov, Madaminjon K. Mahkamov, Nodirbek Sh. Kimsanboyev 2020 Andijan Machine building institute, Andijan, 170119, str. Bobur Shokh, 56 (Uzbekistan). E-mail: info@andmiedu.uz

Optimization Of The Automatic Operation Of The Plastic Crushing Machine, Yokubjon E. Kurbonov, Madaminjon K. Mahkamov, Nodirbek Sh. Kimsanboyev

Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research

The main costs in the production of plastic products that affect the cost of the product is the cost of materials. It accounts from 70% to 77% of all expenses. For this reason, the processing of plastic products and their use as secondary raw materials reduces the cost of production and leads to increased economic efficiency.

In order to obtain high-quality secondary raw materials by crushing plastic products, it is necessary to divide them into types before crushing. For classification and identification of plastic products, a fluorescent material is used to determine the composition and concentration of plastic. The result ...


Development Of A Mobile Device For Drying Paddy, Botirali R. Bekkulov 2020 Andijan Machine building Institute, Andijan, 170119, str. Bobur Shoch, 56 (Uzbekistan). E-mail: info@andmiedu.uz

Development Of A Mobile Device For Drying Paddy, Botirali R. Bekkulov

Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research

The author of the article describes the results of scientific research aimed at creating a patented new design of a mobile drum device and ensuring an increase in the amount of paddy due to high-quality drying by substantiating its parameters. Firstly, an analysis of scientific research and patent information materials of existing devices for drying sludge working in a convective way, the existing advantages and the main disadvantages of existing devices are determined. Based on the analysis, the requirements of the newly developed device for drying the paddy are formed, theoretical research is carried out, the purpose of which was ...


Corrosion Prevention, Matthew Walker 2020 California State Polytechnic University, San Luis Obispo

Corrosion Prevention, Matthew Walker

Physics

In Insulated Solar Electric Cooking (ISEC), heating is done by passing current through a chain of diodes directly connected to a solar panel (Gius et al, 2019). It is crucially important that the wires remain conducting, but not conduct to any metal surface that might short the heating circuit. Corrosion of any wires will cause a loosening of the mechanical (twisted) wire connection and could result in a loss of electrical connection completely, or undesired increased resistance.


Towards Realism Interpretation Of Wave Mechanics Based On Maxwell Equations In Quaternion Space And Some Implications, Including Smarandache’S Hypothesis, Florentin Smarandache, Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati 2020 University of New Mexico

Towards Realism Interpretation Of Wave Mechanics Based On Maxwell Equations In Quaternion Space And Some Implications, Including Smarandache’S Hypothesis, Florentin Smarandache, Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Mechani-Kits Senior Design Project, Jake Utley, Sophie Carson, Vincent Seguin 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Mechani-Kits Senior Design Project, Jake Utley, Sophie Carson, Vincent Seguin

Mechanical Engineering

Studies suggest that when designed and executed well, hands-on activities can enhance student understanding of key mechanics concepts. Current products are expensive and typically not designed to meet a variety of learning objectives. Through the Mechanics of Inclusion and Inclusivity in Mechanics grant, the Cal Poly Physics and Engineering Departments are seeking to incorporate new hands-on activities into their courses. Our team has designed three inexpensive ”MechaniKits” to be used in physics, statics and dynamics courses [1]. This Final Design Review outlines our findings, objectives, and final designs for this project. It also explains our manufacturing and design verification plans ...


Non-Equilibrium Growth Of Metal Clusters On A Layered Material: Cu On Mos2, Dapeng Jing, Ann Lii-Rosales, King C. Lai, Qiang Li, Jaeyoun Kim, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2020 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Non-Equilibrium Growth Of Metal Clusters On A Layered Material: Cu On Mos2, Dapeng Jing, Ann Lii-Rosales, King C. Lai, Qiang Li, Jaeyoun Kim, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We use a variety of experimental techniques to characterize Cu clusters on bulk MoS2 formed via physical vapor deposition of Cu in ultrahigh vacuum, at temperatures ranging from 300 K to 900 K. We find that large facetted clusters grow at elevated temperatures, using high Cu exposures. The cluster size distribution is bimodal, and under some conditions, large clusters are surrounded by a denuded zone. We propose that defect-mediated nucleation, and coarsening during deposition, are both operative in this system. At 780 K, a surprising type of facetted cluster emerges, and at 900 K this type predominates: pyramidal clusters with ...


Compact And Efficient Elastocaloric Heat Pumps—Is There A Path Forward?, Julie Slaughter, Agata Czernuszewicz, Lucas Griffith, Vitalij K. Pecharsky 2020 Ames Laboratory

Compact And Efficient Elastocaloric Heat Pumps—Is There A Path Forward?, Julie Slaughter, Agata Czernuszewicz, Lucas Griffith, Vitalij K. Pecharsky

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Elastocaloric cooling holds promise for energy-efficient heat pumping near room temperature with low environmental impact. Its adoption is, however, impeded by disproportionally large sizes of actuators compared with the active material volume. Taking magnetocaloric cooling as the baseline, the value of no more than 10:1 actuator volume to active material volume should lead to both size- and cost-effective solutions that may potentially be competitive with vapor-compression devices. With the goal to establish performance metrics that can lead to informed actuator selection for specific regenerator requirements, we analyze a wide range of elastocaloric materials and actuator technologies to find the ...


Development Of Mischmetal–Fe–Co–B Permanent Magnet Alloys Via High-Throughput Methods, Rakesh P. Chaudhary, Kinjal H. Gandha, Fanqiang Meng, Emrah Simsek, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, Orlando Rios, Matthew J. Kramer, Ryan T. Ott 2020 Ames Laboratory

Development Of Mischmetal–Fe–Co–B Permanent Magnet Alloys Via High-Throughput Methods, Rakesh P. Chaudhary, Kinjal H. Gandha, Fanqiang Meng, Emrah Simsek, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, Orlando Rios, Matthew J. Kramer, Ryan T. Ott

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Additive manufacturing synthesis using laser engineered net shaping (LENS) is utilized to rapidly print libraries of mischmetal (MM = La, Ce, Nd, and Pr) containing R2TM14B alloys (R = MM + separated Nd and TM = Fe and Co) enabling robust evaluation of physical properties over a wide composition range. High-throughput characterization of the magnetic and thermal properties are used to identify compositions for potential high-temperature, high-performance permanent magnets with reduced critical rare-earth elements. Improved Curie temperature (Tc ∼ 450 °C) is obtained with substitution of Fe by Co in pseudoternary R2TM14B alloys. Furthermore, a 4-fold decrease in the Nd content can be achieved ...


A Physics-Based Machine Learning Study Of The Behavior Of Interstitial Helium In Single Crystal W–Mo Binary Alloys, Adib J. Samin 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

A Physics-Based Machine Learning Study Of The Behavior Of Interstitial Helium In Single Crystal W–Mo Binary Alloys, Adib J. Samin

Faculty Publications

In this work, the behavior of dilute interstitial helium in W–Mo binary alloys was explored through the application of a first principles-informed neural network (NN) in order to study the early stages of helium-induced damage and inform the design of next generation materials for fusion reactors. The neural network (NN) was trained using a database of 120 density functional theory (DFT) calculations on the alloy. The DFT database of computed solution energies showed a linear dependence on the composition of the first nearest neighbor metallic shell. This NN was then employed in a kinetic Monte Carlo simulation, which took ...


An Investigation Of Diode Failure, Nicholas James Adams 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

An Investigation Of Diode Failure, Nicholas James Adams

Physics

Solar electricity can be used to cheaply cook food and charge electronic devices. We investigate the viability of using diodes as heating elements for insulated solar electric cooking (ISEC). In addition, information on designing and constructing ISEC compatible phone chargers and rechargeable LED lighting systems is included.


The Parity-Violating Asymmetry In The N→Δ Transition At Low Q2, Thamraa A. Alshayeb 2020 Louisiana Tech University

The Parity-Violating Asymmetry In The N→Δ Transition At Low Q2, Thamraa A. Alshayeb

Doctoral Dissertations

Qweak has used the parity violating asymmetry to test the Standard Model (SM) by constantly flipping helicity states of a longitudinally polarized electron beam that scatters in the unpolarized LH2 target. The main focus of the Qweak experiment at Jefferson Lab was the recently published determination of the proton’s weak charge. In order to make corrections to the measured asymmetry at low 𝑄 2 due to inelastically scattered electrons, dedicated measurements were made of the parity violating asymmetry in the N→∆ transition at two different beam energies.

The measured inelastic asymmetries are used to extract the low energy constant ...


Uav 6dof Simulation And Kalman Filter For Localizing Radioactive Sources, John G. Goulet 2020 Univeristy of Maine

Uav 6dof Simulation And Kalman Filter For Localizing Radioactive Sources, John G. Goulet

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) expand the available mission-space for a wide range of budgets. Using MATLAB, this project has developed a six degree of freedom (6DOF) simulation of UAV flight, an Extended Kalman Filter (EKF), and an algorithm for localizing radioactive sources using low-cost hardware. The EKF uses simulated low-cost instruments in an effort to estimate the UAV state throughout simulated flight.

The 6DOF simulates aerodynamics, physics, and controls throughout the flight and provides outputs for each time step. Additionally, the 6DOF simulation offers the ability to control UAV flight via preset waypoints or in realtime via keyboard input.

Using ...


Gait Characterization Using Computer Vision Video Analysis, Martha T. Gizaw 2020 College of William and Mary

Gait Characterization Using Computer Vision Video Analysis, Martha T. Gizaw

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The World Health Organization reports that falls are the second-leading cause of accidental death among senior adults around the world. Currently, a research team at William & Mary’s Department of Kinesiology & Health Sciences attempts to recognize and correct aging-related factors that can result in falling. To meet this goal, the members of that team videotape walking tests to examine individual gait parameters of older subjects. However, they undergo a slow, laborious process of analyzing video frame by video frame to obtain such parameters. This project uses computer vision software to reconstruct walking models from residents of an independent living retirement ...


Development Of Wearable Sensors For Gait Analysis, Jorden Smyth 2020 William & Mary

Development Of Wearable Sensors For Gait Analysis, Jorden Smyth

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In an ongoing experiment being conducted at The Williamsburg Landing by The Center for Balance and Aging Studies (CBAS), gait analysis is being performed on senior citizens in order to identify gait characteristics that are predictive of an increased likelihood to fall. This thesis describes the design and analysis of wearable sensors meant to assist the Williamsburg Landing study by increasing the efficiency and breadth of data collection. These sensors collect distance data from the foot to the ground over the course of multiple steps and return an approximation of the average step cycle for the subject. From my analysis ...


Design And Construction Of A Computer Controlled Astronomical Spectropolarimeter, Jacob Marchio 2020 University of Maine

Design And Construction Of A Computer Controlled Astronomical Spectropolarimeter, Jacob Marchio

Honors College

A theoretical description of a simple optical train, modulated signal based spectropolarimeter is discussed. The design includes, after the telescope optical tube (in this case, a 9.25” Schmidt Cassegrain), a rotating quarter waveplate (compensator), a fixed linear polarizer (analyzer), and transmission grating of 100l/mm, with a ZWO ASI290mm astronomical camera. The practical constraints on implementing such an instrument are discussed, and the construction of the spectropolarimeter is detailed, including the necessary optics, optomechanics, and electromechanics. The rotation and recording of the rotating compensator is facilitated by a motorized connection with proportional feedback control, and the uncertainty in measuring ...


Investigation Of Mnxni1-Xo Thin Films Using Pulsed Laser Deposition, Md Ashif Anwar 2020 Missouri State University

Investigation Of Mnxni1-Xo Thin Films Using Pulsed Laser Deposition, Md Ashif Anwar

MSU Graduate Theses

The exchange bias (EB) effect, especially in nanomaterials, is highly promising for use in antiferromagnet-based spintronics applications. NiO is a well known antiferromagnetic material with a high Néel temperature (525K) and can exhibit ferromagnetism/ ferrimagnetism by adding other magnetic transition elements. Our previous work has shown that the antiferromagnetic characteristics of conventional NiO insulating nanostructured material can be altered to have substantial ferrimagnetic characteristics by doping NiO with Mn or Co. Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) was used to grow heterostructures comprised of a nanostructured thin NiO film deposited on the surface of a MgO (100) and Al2O3 ...


285— Modifications Of Cosmic Watch Muon Detectors For Deployment At Letchworth State Park, Kevin Seitz 2020 SUNY Geneseo

285— Modifications Of Cosmic Watch Muon Detectors For Deployment At Letchworth State Park, Kevin Seitz

GREAT Day

For an American Physical Society funded physics outreach project, fifteen Cosmic Watch cosmic ray muon detectors, designed at MIT, are being assembled by students at Geneseo. Over the summer of 2020, ten detectors will be deployed around Letchworth State Park to educate park visitors about cosmic rays. The muon detection rate and cumulative count are displayed on a small OLED screen, with an LED flashing every time a muon passes through the detector’s scintillator. Each incidence is also logged to a micro SD card. Customized open-source software was used to allow the OLED and SD card to work simultaneously ...


Single-Atom-Layer Traps In A Solid Electrolyte For Lithium Batteries, Feng Zhu, Md Shafiqul Islam, Lin Zhou, Zhenqi Gu, Ting Liu, Xinchao Wang, Jun Luo, Ce-Wen Nan, Yifei Mo, Cheng Ma 2020 University of Science and Technology of China

Single-Atom-Layer Traps In A Solid Electrolyte For Lithium Batteries, Feng Zhu, Md Shafiqul Islam, Lin Zhou, Zhenqi Gu, Ting Liu, Xinchao Wang, Jun Luo, Ce-Wen Nan, Yifei Mo, Cheng Ma

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

In order to fully understand the lithium-ion transport mechanism in solid electrolytes for batteries, not only the periodic lattice but also the non-periodic features that disrupt the ideal periodicity must be comprehensively studied. At present only a limited number of non-periodic features such as point defects and grain boundaries are considered in mechanistic studies. Here, we discover an additional type of non-periodic feature that significantly influences ionic transport; this feature is termed a “single-atom-layer trap” (SALT). In a prototype solid electrolyte Li0.33La0.56TiO3, the single-atom-layer defects that form closed loops, i.e., SALTs, are found ubiquitous by atomic-resolution electron ...


Syllabus Ee330 Electromagnetics, Nicholas Madamopoulos 2020 CUNY City College

Syllabus Ee330 Electromagnetics, Nicholas Madamopoulos

Open Educational Resources

Concepts covered in the undergraduate electrical engineering class of electromagnetics


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