Probing Central Spin Decoherence Dynamics Of Electronic Point Defects In Diamond And Silicon, 2024 Dartmouth College

#### Probing Central Spin Decoherence Dynamics Of Electronic Point Defects In Diamond And Silicon, Ethan Que Williams

*Dartmouth College Ph.D Dissertations*

Electron spins of point defects in diamond and silicon can exhibit long coherence times, making them attractive platforms for the physical implementation of qubits for quantum sensing and quantum computing. To realize these technologies, it is essential to understand the mechanisms that limit their coherence. Decoherence of these systems is well described by the central spin model, wherein the central electron spin weakly interacts with numerous electron and nuclear spins in its environment. The dynamics of the resultant dephasing can be probed with pulse electron paramagnetic resonance (pEPR) experiments.

Using a 2.5 GHz pEPR spectrometer built in-house, we performed multi-pulse …

Exciton Dynamics, Interaction, And Transport In Monolayers Of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides, 2024 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Exciton Dynamics, Interaction, And Transport In Monolayers Of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides, Saroj Chand

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

Monolayers Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have attracted much attention in recent years due to their promising optical and electronic properties for applications in optoelectronic devices. The rich multivalley band structure and sizable spin-orbit coupling in monolayer TMDs result in several optically bright and dark excitonic states with different spin and valley configurations. In the proposed works, we have developed experimental techniques and theoretical models to study the dynamics, interactions, and transport of both dark and bright excitons.

In W-based monolayers of TMDs, the momentum dark exciton cannot typically recombine optically, but they represent the lowest excitonic state of the system …

Programmable Heisenberg Interactions Between Floquet Qubits, 2024 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

#### Programmable Heisenberg Interactions Between Floquet Qubits, Long B. Nguyen, Yosep Kim, Akel Hashim, Noah Goss, Brian Marinelli, Bibek Bhandari, Debmalya Das, Ravi K. Naik, John Mark Kreikebaum, Andrew N. Jordan, David I. Santiago, Irfan Siddiqi

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

The trade-off between robustness and tunability is a central challenge in the pursuit of quantum simulation and fault-tolerant quantum computation. In particular, quantum architectures are often designed to achieve high coherence at the expense of tunability. Many current qubit designs have fixed energy levels and consequently limited types of controllable interactions. Here by adiabatically transforming fixed-frequency superconducting circuits into modifiable Floquet qubits, we demonstrate an XXZ Heisenberg interaction with fully adjustable anisotropy. This interaction model can act as the primitive for an expressive set of quantum operations, but is also the basis for quantum simulations of spin systems. To illustrate …

What Does ‘(Non)-Absoluteness Of Observed Events’ Mean?, 2024 Chapman University

#### What Does ‘(Non)-Absoluteness Of Observed Events’ Mean?, Emily Adlam

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

Recently there have emerged an assortment of theorems relating to the ‘absoluteness of emerged events,’ and these results have sometimes been used to argue that quantum mechanics may involve some kind of metaphysically radical non-absoluteness, such as relationalism or perspectivalism. However, in our view a close examination of these theorems fails to convincingly support such possibilities. In this paper we argue that the Wigner’s friend paradox, the theorem of Bong et al and the theorem of Lawrence et al are all best understood as demonstrating that if quantum mechanics is universal, and if certain auxiliary assumptions hold, then the world …

Questioning Reality: The Progressive Development Of Modern Physics, 2024 Golda Och Academy

#### Questioning Reality: The Progressive Development Of Modern Physics, Joshua Lancman

*STEM for Success Showcase*

Humanity has a tendency to divide time. The past is distinct from the present which is entirely separate from the future. In supposedly 20-20 vision history is neatly divided into different sections, distinct eras with sharp lines between them. What is present and in the future is always modern. What is past is something else with another name.

Yet time is not divided so neatly. We know this living through it: years and decades blend into one another in a non-uniform progression. To divide human history into separate eras is a necessary simplification, as it helps to ascribe order onto …

Existence Of Well-Defined Pointer Observable Selects Tensor Product Factorizations Of Quantum Systems, 2024 Claremont Colleges

#### Existence Of Well-Defined Pointer Observable Selects Tensor Product Factorizations Of Quantum Systems, Brian Lee

*CMC Senior Theses*

In the decoherence account of quantum mechanics, a choice of particular tensor product structure (a particular partition of system into subsystems) is assumed. We explore whether it is possible to relax this arbitrary choice by requiring that a valid tensor product structure admits a quasi-classical description. Such tensor product structures are said to be quasi-classical or decoherence-selected tensor product structures. This project generalizes a 2-qubit quasi-classical tensor product structure selection algorithm to an n-qubit selection algorithm, which allows us to, for the first time, consider the relationship between decoherence-selected tensor product structures and locality-selected tensor product structures. To generalize the …

Single-Stage Few-Cycle Pulse Amplification, 2024 Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal University

#### Single-Stage Few-Cycle Pulse Amplification, Sagnik Ghosh, Nathan G. Drouillard, Tj Hammond

*Physics Publications*

Kerr instability can be exploited to amplify visible, near-infrared, and midinfrared ultrashort pulses. We use the results of Kerr instability amplification theory to inform our simulations amplifying few-cycle pulses. We show that the amplification angle dependence is simplified to the phase-matching condition of four-wave mixing when the intense pump is considered. Seeding with few-cycle pulses near the pump leads to broadband amplification without spatial chirp, while longer pulses undergo compression through amplification. Pumping in the midinfrared leads to multioctave spanning amplified pulses with single-cycle duration not previously predicted. We discuss limitations of the amplification process and optimizing pump and seed …

Modeling Lithographic Quantum Dots And Donors For Quantum Computation And Simulation, 2023 University of New Mexico

#### Modeling Lithographic Quantum Dots And Donors For Quantum Computation And Simulation, Mitchell Ian Brickson

*Physics & Astronomy ETDs*

Our first focus is on few-hole quantum dots in germanium. We use discontinous Galerkin methods to discretize and solve the equations of a highly detailed k·p model that describes these systems, enabling a better understanding of experimental magnetospectroscopy results. We confirm the expected anisotropy of single-hole g-factors and describe mechanisms by which different orbital states have different g-factors. Building on this, we show that the g-factors in Ge holes are suciently sensitive to details of the device electrostatics that magnetospectroscopy data can be used to make a prediction of the underlying confinement potential. The second focus is on designing quantum …

Generative Adversarial Game With Tailored Quantum Feature Maps For Enhanced Classification, 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### Generative Adversarial Game With Tailored Quantum Feature Maps For Enhanced Classification, Anais Sandra Nguemto Guiawa

*Doctoral Dissertations*

In the burgeoning field of quantum machine learning, the fusion of quantum computing and machine learning methodologies has sparked immense interest, particularly with the emergence of noisy intermediate-scale quantum (NISQ) devices. These devices hold the promise of achieving quantum advantage, but they grapple with limitations like constrained qubit counts, limited connectivity, operational noise, and a restricted set of operations. These challenges necessitate a strategic and deliberate approach to crafting effective quantum machine learning algorithms.

This dissertation revolves around an exploration of these challenges, presenting innovative strategies that tailor quantum algorithms and processes to seamlessly integrate with commercial quantum platforms. A …

Weak Measurements And Quantum-To-Classical Transitions In Free Electron–Photon Interactions, 2023 ShanghaiTech University

#### Weak Measurements And Quantum-To-Classical Transitions In Free Electron–Photon Interactions, Yiming Pan, Eliahu Cohen, Ebrahim Karimi, Avraham Gover, Norbert Schönenberger, Tomáš Chlouba, Kangpeng Wang, Saar Nehemia, Peter Hommelhoff, Ido Kaminer, Yakir Aharonov

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

How does the quantum-to-classical transition of measurement occur? This question is vital for both foundations and applications of quantum mechanics. Here, we develop a new measurement-based framework for characterizing the classical and quantum free electron–photon interactions and then experimentally test it. We first analyze the transition from projective to weak measurement in generic light–matter interactions and show that any classical electron-laserbeam interaction can be represented as an outcome of weak measurement. In particular, the appearance of classical point-particle acceleration is an example of an amplified weak value resulting from weak measurement. A universal factor, exp(-Γ^{2}/2) , quantifies the …

Contributions Of Tunneling In 8Π-6Π Electrocyclic Cascade Reactions Of Bicyclo[4.2.0]Octa-2,4-Diene Moieties, 2023 University of San Francisco

#### Contributions Of Tunneling In 8Π-6Π Electrocyclic Cascade Reactions Of Bicyclo[4.2.0]Octa-2,4-Diene Moieties, Ishika Jain, Claire Castro, William L. Karney

*Featured Student Work*

Six-electron electrocyclic reactions usually require relatively high temperatures; however recent research has shown that such reactions can occur at significantly lower temperatures in biosynthetic and biomimetic pathways. Pathways resulting in bicyclo[4.2.0]octa-2,4-diene moieties arise from thermally allowed 8π-6π electrocyclization cascade reactions of 1,3,5,7-octatetraenes, as in the biosynthesis of endiandric acids, elysiapyrones, and numerous other natural products. We report multidimensional tunneling calculations to explore the possible contribution of heavy-atom tunneling (e.g. by carbon) to biosynthetic pathways and biomimetic syntheses, and thus to provide a more complete picture of biochemical kinetics. M06-2X/cc-pVDZ calculations on the 8π-6π cascade cyclizations of methylated octatetraene model systems …

Electromagnetically Induced Transparency In An Ensemble Of Three-Level Lambda Systems, 2023 University of Windsor

#### Electromagnetically Induced Transparency In An Ensemble Of Three-Level Lambda Systems, Sara Moezzi

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) is a technique whereby a medium otherwise opaque to radiation of a particular frequency can be made transparent at that frequency by applying radiation of an appropriate second frequency. EIT demonstrates numerous current applications, with a notable focus on its utilization within the field of quantum information. Given the absence of an established theory of EIT in atomic ensembles, my primary focus is to develop theoretical models that describe both the quantum mechanical origin of EIT as well as the effect of interatomic interactions. In this thesis, I present two theoretical models of EIT in an …

Dynamics Of Spin And Charge Of Color Centers In Diamond Under Cryogenic Conditions, 2023 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Dynamics Of Spin And Charge Of Color Centers In Diamond Under Cryogenic Conditions, Richard G. Monge

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

Individual quantum systems in semiconductors are currently the most sought-after platform for applications in quantum science. Most notably, the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond features a defect deep within the electronic bandgap, making it amenable for precise manipulation to help pave the way to perform fundamental quantum physics experimentation. The NV center also offers long coherence times and versatile spin-dependent fluorescent properties, making it an ideal candidate for a nanoscale magnetometer. Furthermore, multi-color excitation offers deterministic charge state manipulation. While ambient operation has been key to their appeal, bringing NVs to cryogenic conditions opens new opportunities for alternate forms of …

Nonlinear Processes In Room Temperature Exciton-Polaritons, 2023 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Nonlinear Processes In Room Temperature Exciton-Polaritons, Prathmesh Deshmukh

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

Strong light-matter coupling in solid state systems is an intriguing process that allows one to exploit the advantages of both light and matter. In this context, microcavities have become essential platforms for studying the strong coupling regime, where hybrid light-matter states known as exciton-polaritons form, leading to enhanced light matter interaction, modified material properties, and novel quantum phenomena. In this thesis, we explore the phenomenology of exciton-polaritons in strained TMD microcavities, 2D perovskites, fluorescent proteins and organic dyes encompassing thermalization, polariton lasing, and the observation of nonlinear effects.

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have emerged as a remarkable class of two- …

Aspects Of The Phenomenology Of Interference That Are Genuinely Nonclassical, 2023 Technische Universität Berlin

#### Aspects Of The Phenomenology Of Interference That Are Genuinely Nonclassical, Lorenzo Catani, Matthew Leifer, Giovanni Scala, David Schmid, Robert W. Spekkens

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

Interference phenomena are often claimed to resist classical explanation. However, such claims are undermined by the fact that the specific aspects of the phenomenology upon which they are based can in fact be reproduced in a noncontextual ontological model [Catani *et al.*, arXiv:2111.13727]. This raises the question of what *other* aspects of the phenomenology of interference *do* in fact resist classical explanation. We answer this question by demonstrating that the most basic quantum wave-particle duality relation, which expresses the precise tradeoff between path distinguishability and fringe visibility, cannot be reproduced in any noncontextual model. We do this by …

Design And Fabrication Of A Trapped Ion Quantum Computing Testbed, 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Design And Fabrication Of A Trapped Ion Quantum Computing Testbed, Christopher A. Caron

*Masters Theses*

Here we present the design, assembly and successful ion trapping of a room-temperature ion trap system with a custom designed and fabricated surface electrode ion trap, which allows for rapid prototyping of novel trap designs such that new chips can be installed and reach UHV in under 2 days. The system has demonstrated success at trapping and maintaining both single ions and cold crystals of ions. We achieve this by fabricating our own custom surface Paul traps in the UMass Amherst cleanroom facilities, which are then argon ion milled, diced, mounted and wire bonded to an interposer which is placed …

Super-Resolution Microscopy With Color Centers In Diamond, 2023 University of New Mexico

#### Super-Resolution Microscopy With Color Centers In Diamond, Forrest A. Hubert

*Optical Science and Engineering ETDs*

This dissertation explores the development and application of diamond color centers, specifically the silicon-vacancy (SiV) and nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers, in super-resolution microscopy and magnetic imaging techniques. It demonstrates the potential of SiV centers as photostable fluorophores in stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy, with a resolution of approximately 90 nm. The research also presents a method for nanoscale magnetic microscopy using NV centers by combining charge state depletion (CSD) microscopy with optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) to image magnetic fields produced by 30 nm iron-oxide nanoparticles. The individual magnetic feature width reaches ~100 nm while resolving magnetic field patterns from nanoparticles …

Photon Counting Statistics Of Classical And Quantum Light Sources, 2023 University of Arkansas-Fayetteville

#### Photon Counting Statistics Of Classical And Quantum Light Sources, Luis Felipe Morales Bultron

*Graduate Theses and Dissertations*

Multiple sources of light, including coherent light, thermal light, light from a degenerate parametric oscillation and resonance fluorescence from a two level coherently driven atom are considered for the analysis of their wait time statistics. We include the second order normalized correlation function and Mandel's Q parameter for brief discussion. A general framework to analyze the generalized conditional and unconditional wait time distributions is also obtained in order to understand the photo-count statistics of the light sources included in this work. Average and variance of wait times with respect to both unconditional and conditional wait time distribution are also obtained …

Entangled Photon Anti-Correlations Are Evident From Classical Electromagnetism, 2023 San José State University

#### Entangled Photon Anti-Correlations Are Evident From Classical Electromagnetism, Ken Wharton, Emily Adlam

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

For any experiment with two entangled photons, some joint measurement outcomes can have zero probability for a precise choice of basis. These perfect anti-correlations would seem to be a purely quantum phenomenon. It is, therefore, surprising that these very anti-correlations are also evident when the input to the same experiment is analyzed via classical electromagnetic theory. Demonstrating this quantum–classical connection for arbitrary two-photon states and analyzing why it is successful motivates alternative perspectives concerning entanglement, the path integral, and other topics in quantum foundations.

Nonlinear Charge And Spin Currents In Non-Centrosymmetric Electron Systems, 2023 Clemson University

#### Nonlinear Charge And Spin Currents In Non-Centrosymmetric Electron Systems, Aniruddha Pan

*All Dissertations*

In this thesis, we discuss the existence of spin and charge currents in systems with broken spin inversion symmetry proportional to the magnitude square of the driving electric and thermal fields. This outcome is predicated on symmetry considerations in the momentum space, whereby the product between the current operator and the out-of-equilibrium distribution function has to be even.

First, we derive the second-order correction to the particle distribution function $\delta f^{(2)}$ in a semi-classical approximation, considering the local change in the equilibrium distribution function caused by external fields. Our approach departs significantly from the previous theory where $\delta f^{(2)}$ is …