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Finite Element Analysis Of A Coconut (Cocos Nucifera L.) Climbing Mechanism, Arjay O. Afan, Omar F. Zubia, Adrian A. Borja, Ralph Kristoffer B. Gallegos 2023 Institute of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, College of Engineering and Agro-Industrial Technology, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna, 4031 Philippines

Finite Element Analysis Of A Coconut (Cocos Nucifera L.) Climbing Mechanism, Arjay O. Afan, Omar F. Zubia, Adrian A. Borja, Ralph Kristoffer B. Gallegos

The Philippine Agricultural Scientist

A coconut climber mechanism was subjected to Finite Element Analysis (FEA) to improve its overall design and analyze its strength characteristics. The von Mises stress, total deformation, and factor of safety were evaluated using static structural analysis for the seat and pedal assemblies of the mechanism. The design has a minimum yielding factor of safety of 7.03 for the seat assembly and 12.09 for the pedal assembly. If aluminum is used as an alternative to steel, the prototype's weight can be reduced to at least 64.56% without compromising its strength properties. The weight reduction by using aluminum is expected to …


Tardys Quantifiers: Extracting Temporal And Reversible Dynamical Symmetries, Nhat Vu Minh Nguyen, Arjendu K. Pattanayak, Andres Aragoneses 2023 Eastern Washington University

Tardys Quantifiers: Extracting Temporal And Reversible Dynamical Symmetries, Nhat Vu Minh Nguyen, Arjendu K. Pattanayak, Andres Aragoneses

2023 Symposium

One of the great challenges in complex and chaotic dynamics is to reveal the details of its underlying determinism. This can be manifest in the form of temporal correlations or structured patterns in the dynamics of a measurable variable. These temporal dynamical structures are sometimes a consequence of hidden global symmetries. Here we identify the temporal (approximate) symmetries of a semiconductor laser with external optical feedback, based on which we define the Temporal And Reversible DYnamical Symmetry (TARDYS) quantifiers to evaluate the relevance of specific temporal correlations in a time series. We show that these symmetries are also present in …


Effective Nanomembranes From Chitosan/Pva Blend Decorated Graphene Oxide With Gum Rosin And Silver Nanoparticles For Removal Of Heavy Metals And Microbes From Water Resources, Mohamed Morsy 2023 The British University in Egypt

Effective Nanomembranes From Chitosan/Pva Blend Decorated Graphene Oxide With Gum Rosin And Silver Nanoparticles For Removal Of Heavy Metals And Microbes From Water Resources, Mohamed Morsy

Nanotechnology Research Centre

No abstract provided.


Domain Wall Saddle Point Morphology In Ferroelectric Triglycine Sulfate, C. J. McCluskey, A. Kumar, Alexei Gruverman, I. Luk’yanchuk, J. M. Gregg 2023 Queen’s University Belfast

Domain Wall Saddle Point Morphology In Ferroelectric Triglycine Sulfate, C. J. Mccluskey, A. Kumar, Alexei Gruverman, I. Luk’Yanchuk, J. M. Gregg

Alexei Gruverman Publications

Ferroelectric domain walls, across which there is a divergence in polarization, usually have enhanced electrical conductivity relative to bulk. However, in lead germanate, head-to-head and tail-to-tail walls are electrically insulating. Recent studies have shown that this is because, when oppositely oriented domains meet, polar divergence is obviated by a combination of domain bifurcation and suspected local dipolar rotation. To explore the uniqueness, or otherwise, of this microstructure, we have used tomographic piezoresponse force microscopy to map three-dimensional domain morphologies in another uniaxial ferroelectric system: triglycine sulfate. This mapping reveals an abundance of domain wall saddle points, which are characteristic of …


Machine Learning-Based Data And Model Driven Bayesian Uncertanity Quantification Of Inverse Problems For Suspended Non-Structural System, Zhiyuan Qin 2023 Clemson University

Machine Learning-Based Data And Model Driven Bayesian Uncertanity Quantification Of Inverse Problems For Suspended Non-Structural System, Zhiyuan Qin

All Dissertations

Inverse problems involve extracting the internal structure of a physical system from noisy measurement data. In many fields, the Bayesian inference is used to address the ill-conditioned nature of the inverse problem by incorporating prior information through an initial distribution. In the nonparametric Bayesian framework, surrogate models such as Gaussian Processes or Deep Neural Networks are used as flexible and effective probabilistic modeling tools to overcome the high-dimensional curse and reduce computational costs. In practical systems and computer models, uncertainties can be addressed through parameter calibration, sensitivity analysis, and uncertainty quantification, leading to improved reliability and robustness of decision and …


Assessment Of Bridge Pier Response To Fire, Vehicle Impact, And Air Blast, Chen Fang, Qusai Alomari, Daniel G. Linzell 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Assessment Of Bridge Pier Response To Fire, Vehicle Impact, And Air Blast, Chen Fang, Qusai Alomari, Daniel G. Linzell

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Highway bridges exposed to intentional or unintentional fire followed by combined vehicle impact and air blast are at risk of significant damage and, possibly, collapse. Limited studies examining the complex effects of these extreme demands on bridge support elements and parametrizing their response and damage are found in the open literature. Research that is presented is part of an ongoing numerical investigation examining round, multi-column, reinforced concrete (RC), bridge pier behavior subject to multi-hazard scenarios involving fire, vehicle impact, and air blast. Detailed nonlinear finite element analysis models of single columns and multi-column piers supported by a pile foundation system …


Modeling, Simulation And Control Of Microrobots For The Microfactory., Zhong Yang 2023 University of Louisville

Modeling, Simulation And Control Of Microrobots For The Microfactory., Zhong Yang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Future assembly technologies will involve higher levels of automation in order to satisfy increased microscale or nanoscale precision requirements. Traditionally, assembly using a top-down robotic approach has been well-studied and applied to the microelectronics and MEMS industries, but less so in nanotechnology. With the boom of nanotechnology since the 1990s, newly designed products with new materials, coatings, and nanoparticles are gradually entering everyone’s lives, while the industry has grown into a billion-dollar volume worldwide. Traditionally, nanotechnology products are assembled using bottom-up methods, such as self-assembly, rather than top-down robotic assembly. This is due to considerations of volume handling of large …


Effect On Focusing Fields By Ferromagnetic Cell Cores In Linear Induction Accelerators, Cooper Guillaume 2023 Liberty University

Effect On Focusing Fields By Ferromagnetic Cell Cores In Linear Induction Accelerators, Cooper Guillaume

Senior Honors Theses

In the Los Alamos National Laboratories DARHT facility, there are two perpendicular linear induction accelerators, LIAs. The LIAs’ solenoids produce magnetic fields which focus the electron beam. Simultaneously, the accelerating pulse creates a magnetic field. These two field intensities act upon a ferromagnetic material in the cells to enhance magnetic flux density. Due to the nonlinearity of the material, this flux density will reach a saturation point. In turn, the magnetic field intensity of the axial solenoidal magnetic field will be affected and slightly altered. The width of the electron beam will increase, causing a decrease in effectiveness. Through simulation, …


A Study Of Reciprocal Underwater Motion And Its Use In Algae Harvesting, Marguerite Bright 2023 William & Mary

A Study Of Reciprocal Underwater Motion And Its Use In Algae Harvesting, Marguerite Bright

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In 2009, many research groups at different companies and universities were funded by Statoil to study the use of algae as a potential biofuel. Combined with the Chesapeake Bay TMDL given by the EPA, a team at William & Mary and VIMS studied the growth and harvest of wild algae in the York River. This method also removed harmful nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus from the waterways. Other independent research projects stemmed from this. In 2014, a research team sought to commercialize and automate the IWAGS system, and found that a single oscillating blade was the most effective. This …


Investigating Properties Of Commercially Available Ir Detector Technology, Ethan Taylor 2023 Arkansas Tech University

Investigating Properties Of Commercially Available Ir Detector Technology, Ethan Taylor

ATU Research Symposium

With the ability to transcode valuable information from light emitting objects, infrared (IR) detector technology has begun to find recreational use in the form of non-contact thermometers and home insulation tools. Research and industry have long been using IR technology in the form of high-altitude balloons, CubeSats, and UAV cameras, but the technology remains a niche market, and thus, a burdensome financial investment. As such, given general consumer products recently introduced as more economically viable, we sought to design an affordable IR camera capable of effective and meaningful data collection. To do so, we utilized a Raspberry Pi 4 and …


An Analysis Of Energy Production And Efficiency In Various Longbow Archery Models, Hannah McPherson 2023 Bridgewater College

An Analysis Of Energy Production And Efficiency In Various Longbow Archery Models, Hannah Mcpherson

Honors Projects

An analysis of the energy production and efficiency of three lab-tested longbow models is undertaken. The first model, which is constructed to not allow flexing of limbs and which uses a frictionless cart and track in place of an arrow, demonstrated an efficiency of 50% +/- 40%. The second model, which is constructed similarly to the first with the exception of a wooden dowel now being used as an arrow-like object, demonstrated an efficiency of 13% +/- 3%. The last model, a 3D printed longbow with flexible limbs using the wooden dowel as an arrow-like object, demonstrated an efficiency of …


Directional Tensile Strength Of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polylactic Acid In Extrusion Based Additive Manufacturing For Custom Failure Parts, Lucinda Slattery 2023 University of Maine - Main

Directional Tensile Strength Of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polylactic Acid In Extrusion Based Additive Manufacturing For Custom Failure Parts, Lucinda Slattery

Honors College

Inherently, additive manufacturing printed parts have faults between layers perpendicular to the direction of printing, both in the plane parallel to the build plate and in the z direction (out of the build plate). For most parts, these “built-in” faults from the manufacturing process act as limiting conditions for the part's mechanical strength. While perpendicular to printing is typically the weakest due to layer adhesion faults, parallel to printing is typically the strongest due to cohesive material and fiber orientation. Fiber orientation can be measured through various methods, with the two explored being X-Ray Microscopy (XRM) for 3D analysis, and …


Thermal Stability Of Platinum-Silicon Alloy Films Grown On Langasite Substrates For Use In Microwave Acoustic Sensor Technology, Kell Fremouw 2023 University of Maine - Main

Thermal Stability Of Platinum-Silicon Alloy Films Grown On Langasite Substrates For Use In Microwave Acoustic Sensor Technology, Kell Fremouw

Honors College

Wireless sensors that can operate in temperatures up to 1000°C are widely needed for real time monitoring of large-scale industrial processes. Such sensors will improve efficiency and prevent component failure. Under previous work at UMaine, Surface Acoustic Wave Resonator (SAWR) sensors fabricated on piezoelectric langasite (La3Ga5SiO14) wafers have shown promise for wireless strain measurements at high temperatures. However, there is a major technical challenge in attaching SAWR langasite based sensors to metal parts because the large differences in the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) between langasite and metals leads to large thermal stresses and …


Effects Of Drying Temperature And Tempering Duration On Hybrid Rice Seed Germination, Thin-Layer Drying Characteristics, And Power Requirement, Rina A. Bawar, Joanne P. Foliente, Kevin F. Yaptenco, Mitchie Ann L. Cabiles 2023 Unversity of the Philippines Los Baños

Effects Of Drying Temperature And Tempering Duration On Hybrid Rice Seed Germination, Thin-Layer Drying Characteristics, And Power Requirement, Rina A. Bawar, Joanne P. Foliente, Kevin F. Yaptenco, Mitchie Ann L. Cabiles

The Philippine Agricultural Scientist

This study presents the results of thin-layer drying tests for hybrid rice seeds. The independent factors were drying air temperature (45, 55, and 65 °C) and tempering duration (1, 2, and 4 h), while the dependent parameters were seed germination and drying characteristics, including drying rate, total and effective drying operation times, and power requirement. Considering one hybrid and 3 mo storage period after drying, the results showed that samples continuously dried at 45 and 55°C resulted in 91 and 86% germination percentages, respectively, which were above the acceptable Philippine national standard of at least 85%. However, when tempered for …


Air And Air-Steam Gasification Of Coconut Shell In A Fluidized Bed, Keynty Boy V. Magtoto, Rossana Marie C. Amongo, Sergio C. Capareda, Ronaldo B. Saludes 2023 University of the Philippines Los Baños

Air And Air-Steam Gasification Of Coconut Shell In A Fluidized Bed, Keynty Boy V. Magtoto, Rossana Marie C. Amongo, Sergio C. Capareda, Ronaldo B. Saludes

The Philippine Agricultural Scientist

Coconut shells’ abundance in tropical countries, along with its high volatile combustible matter (83.51%) and energy content (18.68 MJ kg-1) make it a good biomass resource and a promising feedstock for gasification. In gasification, different mediums such as air, steam, oxygen, or their combinations can be used to react with the solid carbon and heavy hydrocarbons of biomass. Hence, the effects of using an air-steam mixture as a gasifying agent for the bench-scale fluidized bed gasification of coconut shells were studied. The steam-to-carbon ratio (SCR) was varied to evaluate its effect on the resulting syngas quality and gasification …


Numerical Study Of Owls’ Leading-Edge Serrations, Asif Shahriar Nafi 2023 Coastal Carolina University

Numerical Study Of Owls’ Leading-Edge Serrations, Asif Shahriar Nafi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The silent flight ability of owls is often attributed to their unique wing morphology and its interaction with their wingbeat kinematics. Among these distinctive morphological features, leading-edge serrations stand out – these are rigid, miniature, hook-like patterns located at the leading edge of the primary feathers of their wings. It had been hypothesized that these leading-edge serrations serve as a passive flow control mechanism, influencing the aerodynamic performance and potentially affecting the boundary layer development over the wing, subsequently influencing wake flow dynamics. Despite being the subject of research spanning multiple decades, a consensus regarding the aerodynamic mechanisms underpinning owls’ …


New Features In Landyne 5 - A Software Suite For Materials Characterization And Crystallography By Transmission Electron Microscopy, Xing-Zhong Li 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

New Features In Landyne 5 - A Software Suite For Materials Characterization And Crystallography By Transmission Electron Microscopy, Xing-Zhong Li

Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience: Faculty Publications

Landyne software suite (version 5) includes fifteen standalone computer programs for materials characterization and crystallography by transmission electron microscopy [1]. A launcher interface is provided for users to access all components conveniently. The purpose of this software suite is twofold: i) as research tools to analyze experimental results, ii) as teaching tools to explore the varieties of electron diffraction methods and crystallographic image processing principles.

The Landyne suite previously included: PTable, an interactive periodic table of elements; SVAT, a structural visual and analytical tool; SAED and PCED, simulation and analysis of electron diffraction (spot and ring) patterns; QSAED and QPCED, …


Structural, Electronic, And Magnetic Properties Of Cofevge-Based Compounds: Experiment And Theory, Parashu Kharel, Zachary Lehmann, Gavin Baker, Lukas Stuelke, Shah R. Valloppilly, Paul M. Shand, Pavel V. Lukashev 2023 South Dakota State University

Structural, Electronic, And Magnetic Properties Of Cofevge-Based Compounds: Experiment And Theory, Parashu Kharel, Zachary Lehmann, Gavin Baker, Lukas Stuelke, Shah R. Valloppilly, Paul M. Shand, Pavel V. Lukashev

Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience: Faculty Publications

We have carried out a combined theoretical and experimental investigation of both stoichiometric and nonstoichiometric CoFeVGe alloys. In particular, we have investigated CoFeVGe, Co1.25Fe0.75VGe, Co0.75Fe1.25VGe, and CoFe0.75VGe bulk alloys. Our first principles calculations suggest that all four alloys show ferromagnetic order, where CoFeVGe, Co1.25Fe0.75VGe, and Co0.75Fe1.25VGe are highly spin polarized with spin polarization values of over 80%. However, the spin polarization value of CoFe0.75VGe is only about 60%. We have synthesized all four samples using arc melting and high-vacuum annealing …


Tem Studies Of A New Modulated Structure In Mn2Rusn Alloy And Intermetallic Phases In Fe3+XCo3–XTi2 (X = 0, 1, 2, 3) Alloys, Xing-Zhong Li, Shah R. Valloppilly 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Tem Studies Of A New Modulated Structure In Mn2Rusn Alloy And Intermetallic Phases In Fe3+XCo3–XTi2 (X = 0, 1, 2, 3) Alloys, Xing-Zhong Li, Shah R. Valloppilly

Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience: Faculty Publications

Heusler compounds are a remarkable class of intermetallic materials with wide-ranging and tunable properties. The Mn2RuSn Heusler compound was reported as an L21B-type cubic phase, a = 0.62195 nm, distinguishing from the original L21 structure (or L21A-type). The L21B-type structure is a disordered variant of the inverse Heusler structure, XA-type (Prototype-CuHg2Ti, space group No. 216, F4–3m).

In our recent work [1], we observed a new modulated structure derived from the XA-type structure and its orthogonal domains in the Mn2RuSn Heusler alloy. The structural characterization was carried out …


Entropy-Driven Structural Transition From Tetragonal To Cubic Phase: High Thermoelectric Performance Of Cucdinse3 Compound, Tingting Luo, Yihao Hu, Shi Liu, Fanjie Xia, Junhao Qiu, Haoyang Peng, Keke Liu, Quansheng Guo, Xingzhong Li, Dongwang Yang, Xianli Su, Jinsong Wu, Xinfeng Tang 2023 Wuhan University of Technology

Entropy-Driven Structural Transition From Tetragonal To Cubic Phase: High Thermoelectric Performance Of Cucdinse3 Compound, Tingting Luo, Yihao Hu, Shi Liu, Fanjie Xia, Junhao Qiu, Haoyang Peng, Keke Liu, Quansheng Guo, Xingzhong Li, Dongwang Yang, Xianli Su, Jinsong Wu, Xinfeng Tang

Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience: Faculty Publications

Cu based chalcopyrite is an important class of thermoelectric materials with excellent electronic properties, however, the thermal conductivity is relatively high due to the simple tetragonal structure with highly ordered configuration on cation sites, limiting the thermoelectric performance. Herein, we realize that the modulation of entropy via alloying CdSe achieves the structural transition from tetragonal structure with ordered configuration on cations sites in CuInSe2 compound to cubic CuCdInSe3. CuCdInSe3 crystallizes in a zinc blende (ZnS) structure where Cu, Cd and In cations randomly occupy the Zn site with the occupancy fraction 1/3. This entropy driven order-disorder …


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