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Local Structure Origin Of Ultrafast Crystallization Driven By High-Fidelity Octahedral Clusters In Amorphous Sc0.2sb2te3, Chong Qiao, Y. R. Guo, S. Y. Wang, Ming Xu, Xiangshui Miao, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho 2019 Fudan University

Local Structure Origin Of Ultrafast Crystallization Driven By High-Fidelity Octahedral Clusters In Amorphous Sc0.2sb2te3, Chong Qiao, Y. R. Guo, S. Y. Wang, Ming Xu, Xiangshui Miao, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Phase-change material Sc0.2Sb2Te3 (SST) can remarkably boost the writing speed of memory devices due to the extremely fast crystallization. It was demonstrated that the fast crystallization is because Sc stabilizes the 4-fold rings which act as precursors of nuclei in the amorphous phase. In this work, by using first-principles molecular dynamics simulations, we studied the local structures in the liquid and amorphous SST at various temperatures. The results reveal that Sc-centered configurations are almost in the form of stable octahedral clusters, which enhances the local order of the amorphous phase. Different from Sb- and Te-centered clusters which have lower ...


Effects Of Dopants On The Glass Forming Ability In Al-Based Metallic Alloy, Yang Sun, Feng Zhang, Lin Yang, Huajing Song, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho 2019 Ames Laboratory

Effects Of Dopants On The Glass Forming Ability In Al-Based Metallic Alloy, Yang Sun, Feng Zhang, Lin Yang, Huajing Song, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The effect of dopants on the metallic glass forming ability is usually considered based on the analysis of changes in the liquid structure or thermodynamics. What is missing in such considerations is an analysis of how a dopant changes the properties of the crystal phases which can form instead of the glass. In order to illuminate this aspect we performed molecular dynamics simulations to study the effects of Mg and Sm dopants on the crystal nucleation in Al. The simulation data were found to be consistent with the experimental observations that addition of Mg to Al does not lead to ...


Ultrafast Nonlinear Transparency Driven At A Telecom Wavelength In An Organic Semiconductor System, Joong-Mok Park, Di Cheng, Aaron Patz, Liang Luo, Fadzai Fungura, Ruth Shinar, Kai-Ming Ho, Joseph Shinar, Jigang Wang 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Ultrafast Nonlinear Transparency Driven At A Telecom Wavelength In An Organic Semiconductor System, Joong-Mok Park, Di Cheng, Aaron Patz, Liang Luo, Fadzai Fungura, Ruth Shinar, Kai-Ming Ho, Joseph Shinar, Jigang Wang

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Ultrafast laser-induced transparency is demonstrated using femtosecond (fs) pump-probe experiments in the organic P3HT:PCBM (donor:acceptor) blend structure. For above band gap pumping, ultrafast transient signals strongly depend on the probe photon energy. Most intriguingly, for below band gap pumping at 0.95 eV, or 1.3 µm at a telecom wavelength, a huge transmission increase up to 30% only during the laser pulse ∼100 fs is observed as a pump-driven, quasi-instantaneous suppression of absorption for the high photon-energy energy probe beam. We attribute the observed laser-driven transparency to dynamic Franz-Keldysh effect, at least one order of magnitude stronger ...


University Physics I: Classical Mechanics, Julio Gea-Banacloche 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

University Physics I: Classical Mechanics, Julio Gea-Banacloche

Open Educational Resources

This is a textbook for the first semester of University Physics for scientists and engineers. It covers classical mechanics, and a brief introduction to thermodynamics. The presentation and approach are similar to Mazur’s “The Principles and Practice of Physics,” in that conservation laws are introduced before forces, and one-dimensional systems thoroughly covered before moving to two dimensions. Although the course is “calculus based,” the book has been written with the understanding that many students may be taking calculus simultaneously as a corequisite, so the use of calculus is relatively sparse.

This revised version (Fall 2019) takes into account a ...


Mechanisms Of Enhanced Thermal Stability Of Polarization In Lead-Free (Bi 1/2na 1/2) 0.94ba 0.06tio 3/Zno Ceramic Composites, Zhongming Fan, Lin Zhou, Tae-Hoon Kim, Ji Zhang, Shan-Tao Zhang, Xiaoli Tan 2019 Iowa State University

Mechanisms Of Enhanced Thermal Stability Of Polarization In Lead-Free (Bi 1/2na 1/2) 0.94ba 0.06tio 3/Zno Ceramic Composites, Zhongming Fan, Lin Zhou, Tae-Hoon Kim, Ji Zhang, Shan-Tao Zhang, Xiaoli Tan

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

(Bi 1/2Na 1/2)TiO 3-based solid solutions, one of the major systems of lead-free piezoelectric ceramics, exhibit a low thermal depolarization temperature ( T d~100°C). It was reported that by incorporating 30 mol% ZnO particles to form a ceramic composite of (Bi 1/2Na 1/2) 0.94Ba 0.06TiO 3/ZnO, the depolarization process can be shifted up to ~250 °C. In the present work, a variety of advanced transmission electron microscopy techniques, including in situ heating, annular bright-field, high-angle annular dark-field, geometric phase analysis, energy-dispersive spectrum and electron energy-loss spectroscopy, are employed to investigate the ...


Nonlinearity In The Dark: Broadband Terahertz Generation With Extremely High Efficiency, Ming Fang, Nian-Hai Shen, Wei E. I. Sha, Zhixiang Huang, Thomas Koschny, Costas M. Soukoulis 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Nonlinearity In The Dark: Broadband Terahertz Generation With Extremely High Efficiency, Ming Fang, Nian-Hai Shen, Wei E. I. Sha, Zhixiang Huang, Thomas Koschny, Costas M. Soukoulis

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Plasmonic metamaterials and metasurfaces offer new opportunities in developing high performance terahertz emitters and detectors beyond the limitations of conventional nonlinear materials. However, simple meta-atoms for second-order nonlinear applications encounter fundamental trade-offs in the necessary symmetry breaking and local-field enhancement due to radiation damping that is inherent to the operating resonant mode and cannot be controlled separately. Here we present a novel concept that eliminates this restriction obstructing the improvement of terahertz generation efficiency in nonlinear metasurfaces based on metallic nanoresonators. This is achieved by combining a resonant dark-state metasurface, which locally drives nonlinear nanoresonators in the near field, with ...


Unusual Perpendicular Anisotropy In Co2Tisi Films, Yunlong Jin, Shah R. Valloppilly, Parashu R. Kharel, Rohit Pathak, Arti Kashyap, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Unusual Perpendicular Anisotropy In Co2Tisi Films, Yunlong Jin, Shah R. Valloppilly, Parashu R. Kharel, Rohit Pathak, Arti Kashyap, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

Thin films of Co2TiSi on MgO are investigated experimentally and theoretically. The films were produced by magnetron sputtering on MgO(001) and have a thickness of about 100 nm. As bulk Co2TiSi, they crystallize in the normal cubic Heusler (L21) structure, but the films are slightly distorted (c/a = 1.0014) and contain some antisite disorder. The films exhibit a robust perpendicular anisotropy of 0.5 MJ m3. This result is surprising for several reasons. First, surface and interface anisotropies are too small to explain perpendicular anisotropy in such rather thick films. Second, Co ...


Noncollinear Spin Structure In Fe3+Xco3−Xti2 (X = 0, 2, 3) From Neutron Diffraction, Haohan Wang, Balamurugan Balamurugan, Rabindra Pahari, Ralph Skomski, Yaohua Liu, Ashfia Huq, D. J. Sellmyer, Xiaoshan Xu 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Noncollinear Spin Structure In Fe3+Xco3−Xti2 (X = 0, 2, 3) From Neutron Diffraction, Haohan Wang, Balamurugan Balamurugan, Rabindra Pahari, Ralph Skomski, Yaohua Liu, Ashfia Huq, D. J. Sellmyer, Xiaoshan Xu

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

Neutron powder diffraction has been used to investigate the spin structure of the hard-magnetic alloy Fe3+xCo3−xTi2 (x = 0, 2, 3). The materials are produced by rapid quenching from the melt, they possess a hexagonal crystal structure, and they are nanocrystalline with crystallite sizes D of the order of 40 nm. Projections of the magnetic moment onto both the crystalline c axis and the basal plane were observed. The corresponding misalignment angle exhibits a nonlinear decrease with x, which we explain as a micromagnetic effect caused by Fe-Co site disorder. The underlying physics is ...


M2 Factor Of A Vector Schell-Model Beam, Milo W. Hyde IV, Mark F. Spencer 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

M2 Factor Of A Vector Schell-Model Beam, Milo W. Hyde Iv, Mark F. Spencer

Faculty Publications

Extending existing scalar Schell-model source work, we derive the M2 factor for a general electromagnetic or vector Schell-model source to assess beam quality. In particular, we compute the M2 factors for two vector Schell-model sources found in the literature. We then describe how to synthesize vector Schell-model beams in terms of specified, desired M2 and present Monte Carlo simulation results to validate our analysis.


Structure And Magnetism Of Co2ge Nanoparticles, Onur Tosun, Frank M. Abel, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer, George C. Hadjipanayis 2019 University of Delaware

Structure And Magnetism Of Co2ge Nanoparticles, Onur Tosun, Frank M. Abel, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer, George C. Hadjipanayis

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The structural and magnetic properties of Co2Ge nanoparticles (NPs) prepared by the cluster-beam deposition (CBD) technique have been investigated. As-made particles with an average size of 5.5 nm exhibit a mixture of hexagonal and orthorhombic crystal structures. Thermomagnetic measurements showed that the as-made particles are superparamagnetic at room temperature with a blocking temperature (TB) of 20 K. When the particles are annealed at 823 K for 12 h, their size is increased to 13 nm and they develop a new orthorhombic crystal structure, with a Curie temperature (TC) of 815 K. This is drastically different ...


Radiation Tolerance In Nano-Structured Crystalline Fe(Cr)/Amorphous Sioc Composite, Qing Su, Tianyao Wang, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Radiation Tolerance In Nano-Structured Crystalline Fe(Cr)/Amorphous Sioc Composite, Qing Su, Tianyao Wang, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The management of irradiation defects is one of key challenges for structural materials in current and future reactor systems. To develop radiation tolerant alloys for service in extreme irradiation environments, the Fe self-ion radiation response of nanocomposites composed of amorphous silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) and crystalline Fe(Cr) were examined at 10, 20, and 50 displacements per atom damage levels. Grain growth in width direction was observed to increase with increasing irradiation dose in both Fe(Cr) films and Fe(Cr) layers in the nanocomposite after irradiation at room temperature. However, compared to the Fe(Cr) film, the Fe(Cr) layers ...


Medium-Dependent Antibacterial Properties And Bacterial Filtration Ability Of Reduced Graphene Oxide, Alexander Gusev, Olga Zakharova, Dmitry S. Muratov, Nataliia S. Vorobeva, Mamun Sarker, Iaroslav Rybkin, Daniil Bratashov, Evgeny Kolesnikov, Aleš Lapanje, Denis V. Kuznetsov, Alexander Sinitskii 2019 Derzhavin Tambov State University

Medium-Dependent Antibacterial Properties And Bacterial Filtration Ability Of Reduced Graphene Oxide, Alexander Gusev, Olga Zakharova, Dmitry S. Muratov, Nataliia S. Vorobeva, Mamun Sarker, Iaroslav Rybkin, Daniil Bratashov, Evgeny Kolesnikov, Aleš Lapanje, Denis V. Kuznetsov, Alexander Sinitskii

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

Toxicity of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) has been a topic of multiple studies and was shown to depend on a variety of characteristics of rGO and biological objects of interest. In this paper, we demonstrate that when studying the same dispersions of rGO and fluorescent Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria, the outcome of nanotoxicity experiments also depends on the type of culture medium. We show that rGO inhibits the growth of bacteria in a nutrition medium but shows little effect on the behavior of E. coli in a physiological saline solution. The observed effects of rGO on E. coli in ...


Magnetic And Magnetocaloric Properties Of Pr2-Xndxfe17 Ribbons, Bishnu Dahal, Parashu Kharel, Thomas Ott, Wenyong Zhang, Shah R. Valloppilly, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer 2019 South Dakota State University

Magnetic And Magnetocaloric Properties Of Pr2-Xndxfe17 Ribbons, Bishnu Dahal, Parashu Kharel, Thomas Ott, Wenyong Zhang, Shah R. Valloppilly, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The structural, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of Fe deficient Pr2-xNdxFe17 (x = 0.5, 0.7) alloys prepared by arc-melting and melt- spinning have been investigated. The room temperature x-ray diffraction patterns show that the samples are nearly single-phase and crystallize in the rhombohedral Th2Zn17-type crystal structure. The Curie temperatures determined from the thermomagnetic curves are 302 K and 307 K for Pr1.5Nd0.5Fe17 and Pr1.3Nd0.7Fe17, respectively. The peak magnetic entropy change and the relative cooling power at field ...


Controlling The Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Of E-Fe2o3, Imran Ahamed, Ralph Skomski, Arti Kashyap 2019 Indian Institute of Technology

Controlling The Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Of E-Fe2o3, Imran Ahamed, Ralph Skomski, Arti Kashyap

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The magnetocrystalline anisotropy of pristine and Co-substituted ε-Fe2O3 is investigated by density functional calculations. The epsilon-iron oxide is the only polymorph of Fe2O3 magnetoelectric in its antiferromagnetic ground states other crystalline forms being α-Fe2O3 (hematite), β-Fe2O3, and γ-Fe2O3 (maghemite). The magnetizations of the four iron sublattices are antiferromagnetically aligned with slightly different magnetic moments resulting in a ferrimagnetic structure. Compared to the naturally occurring hematite and maghemite, bulk ε-Fe2O3 is difficult to prepare, but ε-Fe2O3 nanomaterials of different geometries ...


Boundary Conditions And Berry Phase In Magnetic Nanostructures, A. Ullah, B. Balamurugan, W. Zhang, D. J. Sellmyer, R. Skomski 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Boundary Conditions And Berry Phase In Magnetic Nanostructures, A. Ullah, B. Balamurugan, W. Zhang, D. J. Sellmyer, R. Skomski

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The effect of micromagnetic boundary conditions on the Berry curvature and topological Hall effect in granular nanostructures is investi- gated by model calculations. Both free surfaces and grain boundaries between interacting particles or grains affect the spin structure. The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions yield corrections to the Erdmann-Weierstrass boundary conditions, but the Berry curvature remains an exclusive functional of the local spin structure, which greatly simplifies the treatment of nanostructures. An explicit example is a model nanostructure with cylindrical symmetry whose spin structure is described by Bessel function and which yields a mean-field-type Hall-effect contribution that can be related to magnetic-force-microscopy images.


Quantum Phase Transition And Ferromagnetism In Co1+XSn, Rabindra Pahari, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Rohit Pathak, Manh Coung Nguyen, Shah R. Valloppilly, Ralph Skomski, Arti Kashyap, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, George C. Hadjipanayis, David J. Sellmyer 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Quantum Phase Transition And Ferromagnetism In Co1+XSn, Rabindra Pahari, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Rohit Pathak, Manh Coung Nguyen, Shah R. Valloppilly, Ralph Skomski, Arti Kashyap, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, George C. Hadjipanayis, David J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The onset of ferromagnetism in cobalt-tin alloys is investigated experimentally and theoretically. The Co1+xSn alloys were prepared by rapid quenching from the melt and form a modified hexagonal NiAs-type crystal structure for 0.45 ≤ x ≤ 1. The magnetic behavior is described analytically and by density-functional theory using supercells and the coherent-potential approximation. The excess of Co concentration x, which enters the interstitial 2d sites in the hypothetical NiAs-ordered parent alloy CoSn, yields a Griffiths-like phase and, above a quantum critical point (xc ≈ 0.65), a quantum phase transition to ferromagnetic order. Quantum critical exponents are ...


High Energy Product Of Mnbi By Field Annealing And Sn Alloying, Wenyong Zhang, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Parashu Kharel, Rabindra Pahari, Shah R. Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

High Energy Product Of Mnbi By Field Annealing And Sn Alloying, Wenyong Zhang, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Parashu Kharel, Rabindra Pahari, Shah R. Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

Permanent-magnet materials are one cornerstone of today’s technology, abundant in disk drives, motors, medical equipment, wind generators, and cars. A continuing challenge has been to reconcile high permanent-magnet performance with low raw-material costs. This work reports a Mn-Bi-Sn alloy exclusively made from inexpensive elements, exhibiting high values of Curie-temperature, magnetization, anisotropy, coercivity, and energy product. The samples are produced by field annealing of rapidly quenched Sn-containing MnBi alloys, where the improvement of the magnetic properties is caused by the substitutional occupancy of the 2c sites in the hexagonal NiAs structure by Sn. The substitution modifies the electronic structure of ...


High Energy Product Of Mnbi By Field Annealing And Sn Alloying, Wenyong Zhang, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Parashu Kharel, Rabindra Pahari, Shah R. Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

High Energy Product Of Mnbi By Field Annealing And Sn Alloying, Wenyong Zhang, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Parashu Kharel, Rabindra Pahari, Shah R. Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

Permanent-magnet materials are one cornerstone of today’s technology, abundant in disk drives, motors, medical equipment, wind gen- erators, and cars. A continuing challenge has been to reconcile high permanent-magnet performance with low raw-material costs. This work reports a Mn-Bi-Sn alloy exclusively made from inexpensive elements, exhibiting high values of Curie-temperature, magnetization, anisotropy, coercivity, and energy product. The samples are produced by field annealing of rapidly quenched Sn-containing MnBi alloys, where the improvement of the magnetic properties is caused by the substitutional occupancy of the 2c sites in the hexagonal NiAs structure by Sn. The substitution modifies the electronic structure ...


Comparative Study Of Topological Hall Effect And Skyrmions In Nimnin And Nimnga, Wenyong Zhang, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Ahsan Ullah, Rabindra Pahari, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Shah R. Valloppilly, Andrei Sokolov, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Comparative Study Of Topological Hall Effect And Skyrmions In Nimnin And Nimnga, Wenyong Zhang, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Ahsan Ullah, Rabindra Pahari, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Shah R. Valloppilly, Andrei Sokolov, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

A nonequilibrium rapid-quenching method has been used to fabricate NiMnIn and NiMnGa alloys that are chemically and morphologically similar but crystallographically and physically very different. NiMnGa crystallizes in a Ni2In-type hexagonal structure, whereas NiMnIn is a cubic Heusler alloy. Both alloys yield a topological Hall effect contribution corresponding to bubble-type skyrmion spin structures, but it occurs in much lower magnetic fields in NiMnIn as compared to NiMnGa. The effect is unrelated to net Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions, which are absent in both alloys due to their inversion-symmetric crystal structures. Based on magnetic-force microscopy, we explain the difference between the two alloys by ...


Crystal Structure, Magnetism And Magnetocaloric Properties Of Mn2−XSn0.5Ga0.5 (X=0, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8) Alloys, H. Qian, Rabindra Pahari, K. Schroeder, Shah R. Valloppilly, Y. Huh, Pavel V. Lukashev, J. Hu, Parashu Kharel, David J. Sellmyer 2019 Changzhou University

Crystal Structure, Magnetism And Magnetocaloric Properties Of Mn2−XSn0.5Ga0.5 (X=0, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8) Alloys, H. Qian, Rabindra Pahari, K. Schroeder, Shah R. Valloppilly, Y. Huh, Pavel V. Lukashev, J. Hu, Parashu Kharel, David J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

Magnetic refrigeration based on the magnetocaloric effect has attracted recent attention due to advantages such as high efficiency and environmental friendliness. We have investigated the structural, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of Mn2−xSn0.5Ga0.5 (x=0, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8) alloys prepared using arc-melting and meltspinning techniques with prospects for magnetic refrigeration. The Mn2−xSn0.5Ga0.5 alloys, except for Mn1.2Sn0.5Ga0.5, have a single-phase hexagonal crystal structure. The Mn1.2Sn0.5Ga0.5 alloy also ...


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