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A Note From The Editor, Daphne Fauber 2020 Purdue University

A Note From The Editor, Daphne Fauber

Ideas: Exhibit Catalog for the Honors College Visiting Scholars Series

This piece is a letter from Daphne Fauber, the editor of this issue of Ideas. In the letter, the editor introduces the work of Dr. Paschalis Gkoupidenis as well as the moment in time in which his Visiting Scholars talk occurs.


Resistive Switching In Fto/Cuo-Cu2o/Au Memory Devices, Amir Shariffar, Haider Salman, Tanveer A. Siddique, Wafaa Gebril, M. Omar Manasreh 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Resistive Switching In Fto/Cuo-Cu2o/Au Memory Devices, Amir Shariffar, Haider Salman, Tanveer A. Siddique, Wafaa Gebril, M. Omar Manasreh

Electrical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Memristors are considered to be next-generation non-volatile memory devices owing to their fast switching and low power consumption. Metal oxide memristors have been extensively investigated and reported to be promising devices, although they still suffer from poor stability and laborious fabrication process. Herein, we report a stable and power-efficient memristor with novel heterogenous electrodes structure and facile fabrication based on CuO-Cu2O complex thin films. The proposed structure of the memristor contains an active complex layer of cupric oxide (CuO) and cuprous oxide (Cu2O) sandwiched between fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) and gold (Au) electrodes. The fabricated memristors demonstrate bipolar resistive switching ...


Performance Evaluation, Comparison And Improvement Of The Hardware Implementations Of The Advanced Encryption Standard S-Box, Doaa Ashmawy 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Performance Evaluation, Comparison And Improvement Of The Hardware Implementations Of The Advanced Encryption Standard S-Box, Doaa Ashmawy

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is the most popular algorithm used in symmetric key cryptography. The efficient computation of AES is essential for many computing platforms. The S-box is the only nonlinear transformation step of the AES algorithm. Efficient implementation of the AES S-box is very crucial for AES hardware. The AES S-box could be implemented by using look-up table method or by using finite field arithmetic. The finite field arithmetic design approach to implement the AES S-box is superior in saving the hardware resources. The main objective of this thesis is to evaluate, compare and improve the hardware implementations ...


A 2.56 Gbps Serial Wireline Transceiver That Supports An Auxiliary Channel And A Hybrid Line Driver To Compensate Large Channel Loss, Xiaoran Wang 2020 Southern Methodist University

A 2.56 Gbps Serial Wireline Transceiver That Supports An Auxiliary Channel And A Hybrid Line Driver To Compensate Large Channel Loss, Xiaoran Wang

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

Serial transceiver links are widely used for high-speed point-to-point communications. This dissertation describes two transceiver link designs for two different applications.

In serial wireline communications, security is an increasingly important factor to concern. Securing an information processing system at the application and system software layers is regarded as a necessary but incomplete defense against the cyber security threats. In this dissertation, an asynchronous serial transceiver that is capable of transmitting and receiving an auxiliary data stream concurrently with the primary data stream is described. The transceiver instantiates the auxiliary data stream by modulating the phase of the primary data without ...


Signals And Systems, Jingxian Wu 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Signals And Systems, Jingxian Wu

Open Educational Resources

Signals and Systems is a core Electrical Engineering undergraduate course. This course covers the topics of signal and system analysis, with an emphasis on the analysis of linear time-invariant systems. The materials presented in this course are designed for a 15-week course for junior or senior level students. The open access materials for this course include:

Course outline and guides: a detailed guideline that provides a week-by-week teaching schedule for a 15-week semester.

Lecture notes: a complete set of lecture notes with detailed explanations and a large number of examples that cover all the contents that are offered in this ...


Data Processing Electronics For An Ultra-Fast Single-Photon Counting Camera, Jackson Hyde 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

Data Processing Electronics For An Ultra-Fast Single-Photon Counting Camera, Jackson Hyde

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Localizing photon arrivals with high spatial (megapixel) and temporal (sub-nanosecond) resolution would be transformative for a number of applications, including single-molecule super-resolution fluorescence microscopy. Here, the Data Processing Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) is developed as an ultra-fast computational platform built on an FPGA for a microchannel plate (MCP)-photomultiplier tube (PMT) based single-photon counting camera. Each photon is converted by the MCP-PMT into an electron cloud that generates current pulses across a 50×50 cross-strip anode. The Data Processing FPGA executes a massively parallel center-of-gravity coordinate determination algorithm on the digitized current pulses to determine a 2D position and ...


Investigating Single Precision Floating General Matrix Multiply In Heterogeneous Hardware, Steven Harris 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

Investigating Single Precision Floating General Matrix Multiply In Heterogeneous Hardware, Steven Harris

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

The fundamental operation of matrix multiplication is ubiquitous across a myriad of disciplines. Yet, the identification of new optimizations for matrix multiplication remains relevant for emerging hardware architectures and heterogeneous systems. Frameworks such as OpenCL enable computation orchestration on existing systems, and its availability using the Intel High Level Synthesis compiler allows users to architect new designs for reconfigurable hardware using C/C++. Using the HARPv2 as a vehicle for exploration, we investigate the utility of several of the most notable matrix multiplication optimizations to better understand the performance portability of OpenCL and the implications for such optimizations on this ...


Formal Verification Of Divider And Square-Root Arithmetic Circuits Using Computer Algebra Methods, Atif Yasin 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Formal Verification Of Divider And Square-Root Arithmetic Circuits Using Computer Algebra Methods, Atif Yasin

Doctoral Dissertations

A considerable progress has been made in recent years in verification of arithmetic circuits such as multipliers, fused multiply-adders, multiply-accumulate, and other components of arithmetic datapaths, both in integer and finite field domain. However, the verification of hardware dividers and square-root functions have received only a limited attention from the verification community, with a notable exception for theorem provers and other inductive, non-automated systems. Division, square root, and transcendental functions are all tied to the basic Intel architecture and proving correctness of such algorithms is of grave importance. Although belonging to the same iterative-subtract class of architectures, they widely differ ...


Compound Effects Of Clock And Voltage Based Power Side-Channel Countermeasures, Jacqueline Lagasse 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Compound Effects Of Clock And Voltage Based Power Side-Channel Countermeasures, Jacqueline Lagasse

Masters Theses

The power side-channel attack, which allows an attacker to derive secret information from power traces, continues to be a major vulnerability in many critical systems. Numerous countermeasures have been proposed since its discovery as a serious vulnerability, including both hardware and software implementations. Each countermeasure has its own drawback, with some of the highly effective countermeasures incurring large overhead in area and power. In addition, many countermeasures are quite invasive to the design process, requiring modification of the design and therefore additional validation and testing to ensure its accuracy. Less invasive countermeasures that do not require directly modifying the system ...


Device-Level Predictive Modeling Of Extreme Electromagnetic Interference, NISHCHAY H. SULE 2020 The University of New Mexico

Device-Level Predictive Modeling Of Extreme Electromagnetic Interference, Nishchay H. Sule

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

Radio Frequency (RF) interference is a prominent issue for modern electronic devices. As device size and supply power shrink to meet the on-going demand for compact and complex Integrated Circuits (ICs), their susceptibility to external noise coupling to the input or power supply increases significantly. One such type of noise that acts upon a system to be considered is Extreme Electromagnetic Interference (EEMI). Previous works done to understand and evaluate the impact of EEMI onto a system or sub-system have been conducted on a statistical or empirical analysis level, which has led to complex and convoluted analysis, that requires significant ...


Design Of Control System With Feedback Loop For A Pulsatile Pump, Ian Scott Sanders 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design Of Control System With Feedback Loop For A Pulsatile Pump, Ian Scott Sanders

Theses and Dissertations

This paper describes the design and implementation of a closed-loop proportional, integral, differential (PID) control system for a custom in-house pulsatile pump apparatus for the University of Arkansas Biomedical Department. The control system is designed to control a MOONS’ PL34HD0L8500 hybrid stepper motor using a dual H-bridge motor driver network with four pulse-width modulated (PWM) inputs to drive a pulsatile pump apparatus at motor stepping frequencies up to 2kHz. The speed of the motor is controlled from a pressure profile transmitted from an external source over RS-232 communication that specifies the motor speed, number of datapoints, and an array of ...


Polyone Smartphone, Joshua Zalmanowitz, Chi Nguyen, Gerome Cacho, Chris Lim 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Polyone Smartphone, Joshua Zalmanowitz, Chi Nguyen, Gerome Cacho, Chris Lim

Electrical Engineering

The Poly One Smartphone is a student designed smartphone built to explore the implementation of 5G, provide a hardware solution to ensure personal information security and privacy, and provide longer battery life. The key features of this smartphone include but are not limited to a main cpu, some form of network connectivity in the form of Wi-fi or Cellular Data, calling functionality, a rechargeable battery that works with common power connection protocols, and compatibility with popular applications.


Secure Network-On-Chip Against Black Hole And Tampering Attacks, Luka Daoud 2020 Boise State University

Secure Network-On-Chip Against Black Hole And Tampering Attacks, Luka Daoud

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The Network-on-Chip (NoC) has become the communication heart of Multiprocessors-System-on-Chip (MPSoC). Therefore, it has been subject to a plethora of security threats to degrade the system performance or steal sensitive information. Due to the globalization of the modern semiconductor industry, many different parties take part in the hardware design of the system. As a result, the NoC could be infected with a malicious circuit, known as a Hardware Trojan (HT), to leave a back door for security breach purposes. HTs are smartly designed to be too small to be uncovered by offline circuit-level testing, so the system requires an online ...


Area Efficient Device Optimization For Esd Protection In High Speed Interface Ics, Dan Thomas Jarard 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Area Efficient Device Optimization For Esd Protection In High Speed Interface Ics, Dan Thomas Jarard

Theses and Dissertations

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection is considered as a vital step in integrated circuit (IC) manufacturing process. IC chips are unable to overcome the effects of transient events without adequate discharge protection. Recent trend in the industry has seen the incorporation of system level ESD protection within the IC chip. Incorporating system level on-chip ESD protection often increases cost, degrades circuit performance and consumes layout area which could otherwise be used for improving the circuit performance. These design challenges could be easily overcome if the parasitic components in a circuit were used for ESD protection. Despite the various design challenges, on-chip ...


Built-In Self-Test (Bist) For Multi-Threshold Null Convention Logic (Mtncl) Circuits, Brett Sparkman 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Built-In Self-Test (Bist) For Multi-Threshold Null Convention Logic (Mtncl) Circuits, Brett Sparkman

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation proposes a Built-In Self-Test (BIST) hardware implementation for Multi-Threshold NULL Convention Logic (MTNCL) circuits. Two different methods are proposed: an area-optimized topology that requires minimal area overhead, and a test-performance-optimized topology that utilizes parallelism and internal hardware to reduce the overall test time through additional controllability points. Furthermore, an automated software flow is proposed to insert, simulate, and analyze an input MTNCL netlist to obtain a desired fault coverage, if possible, through iterative digital and fault simulations. The proposed automated flow is capable of producing both area-optimized and test-performance-optimized BIST circuits and scripts for digital and fault simulation ...


Sunseeker Display And Driver Controller, Alec Kwapis 2020 Western Michigan University

Sunseeker Display And Driver Controller, Alec Kwapis

Honors Theses

Digital dashboard displays with critical driver information are found in all modern vehicles. Examples of such information available to the driver include a speedometer, odometer, engine RPM, fuel gauge and more. The current 2016 Sunseeker solar car already has numerous displays that can show critical information to the driver, however, there are several problems that exist. Each display itself is less than two inches in size, the text on the screens is difficult to read, and the measurements have no units. Furthermore, these displays were made by a company that no longer exists, thus preventing the solar car team from ...


Heuristic-Based Threat Analysis Ofregister-Transfer-Level Hardware Designs, Wesley Layton Ellington 2020 Southern Methodist University

Heuristic-Based Threat Analysis Ofregister-Transfer-Level Hardware Designs, Wesley Layton Ellington

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

The development of globalized semiconductor manufacturing processes and supply chains has lead to an increased interest in hardware security as new types of hardware based attacks, called hardware Trojans, are being observed in industrial and military electronics. To combat this, a technique was developed to help analyze hardware designs at the register-transfer-level (RTL) and locate points of interest within a design that might be vulnerable to attack. This method aims to eventually enable the creation of an end-to-end design hardening solution that analyzes existing designs and suggests countermeasures for potential Trojan attacks. The method presented in this work uses a ...


Analysis And Verification Of Arithmetic Circuits Using Computer Algebra Approach, TIANKAI SU 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Analysis And Verification Of Arithmetic Circuits Using Computer Algebra Approach, Tiankai Su

Doctoral Dissertations

Despite a considerable progress in verification of random and control logic, advances in formal verification of arithmetic designs have been lagging. This can be attributed mostly to the difficulty of efficient modeling of arithmetic circuits and data paths without resorting to computationally expensive Boolean methods, such as Binary Decision Diagrams (BDDs) and Boolean Satisfiability (SAT) that require ``bit blasting'', i.e., flattening the design to a bit-level netlist. Similarly, approaches that rely on computer algebra and Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT) methods are either too abstract to handle the bit-level complexity of arithmetic designs or require solving computationally expensive decision or ...


Trustworthy Systems And Protocols For The Internet Of Things, Arman Pouraghily 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Trustworthy Systems And Protocols For The Internet Of Things, Arman Pouraghily

Doctoral Dissertations

Processor-based embedded systems are integrated into many aspects of everyday life such as industrial control, automotive systems, healthcare, the Internet of Things, etc. As Moore’s law progresses, these embedded systems have moved from simple microcontrollers to full-scale embedded computing systems with multiple processor cores and operating systems support. At the same time, the security of these devices has also become a key concern. Our main focus in this work is the security and privacy of the embedded systems used in IoT systems. In the first part of this work, we take a look at the security of embedded systems ...


Design Of Hardware With Quantifiable Security Against Reverse Engineering, Shahrzad Keshavarz 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Design Of Hardware With Quantifiable Security Against Reverse Engineering, Shahrzad Keshavarz

Doctoral Dissertations

Semiconductors are a 412 billion dollar industry and integrated circuits take on important roles in human life, from everyday use in smart-devices to critical applications like healthcare and aviation. Saving today's hardware systems from attackers can be a huge concern considering the budget spent on designing these chips and the sensitive information they may contain. In particular, after fabrication, the chip can be subject to a malicious reverse engineer that tries to invasively figure out the function of the chip or other sensitive data. Subsequent to an attack, a system can be subject to cloning, counterfeiting, or IP theft ...


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