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Autonomous Combat Robot, Andrew J. Szabo II, Chris Heldman, Tristin Weber, Tanya Tebcherani, Holden LeBlanc, Fabian Ardeljan 2019 The University of Akron

Autonomous Combat Robot, Andrew J. Szabo Ii, Chris Heldman, Tristin Weber, Tanya Tebcherani, Holden Leblanc, Fabian Ardeljan

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This honors project will also serve as an engineering senior design project.

The objective is to design and build the software and electrical systems for a 60 lb weight class combat robot that will function autonomously and outperform manually driven robots during competition.

While running autonomously, the robot will use LiDAR sensors to detect and attack opponent robots. This robot will also be able to be remote controlled in manual mode. This will mitigate the risk in case the autonomy or sensors fail. LED lights on the robot will indicate whether it is in autonomous or manual mode. The system ...


Anodic Stripping Voltammetry Using Eval-Adicup 3029, Ranjitha Lakshmi Narayanan 2019 Iowa State University

Anodic Stripping Voltammetry Using Eval-Adicup 3029, Ranjitha Lakshmi Narayanan

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


S.A.V.E. M.E., Taylor Davis, Kelly Nicole O'Neill, Adrianna M. Dunlap, Parsa Esshaghi Bayat 2019 The University of Akron

S.A.V.E. M.E., Taylor Davis, Kelly Nicole O'Neill, Adrianna M. Dunlap, Parsa Esshaghi Bayat

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

S.A.V.E. M.E. stands for Submerged Automated Vehicular Elevation Minor Extraction or alternatively a Home Swimming Pool Rescue Device. The objective of this project is to design and prototype a system that will make unattended swimming pools through detecting a victim’s presence, deploying a means to save the victim, and alerting others nearby of the situation. This system encompasses sensors and devices within the pool and an alarm system outside of the pool. Upon detection of a sufficiently sized object entering the pool when the system is armed, a device will maneuver to the victim and ...


The Concept Of Substrate Integrated Circularly Polarized Horn Antennas, Venkata Naga Kalyan Ram Akunuru 2019 Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Concept Of Substrate Integrated Circularly Polarized Horn Antennas, Venkata Naga Kalyan Ram Akunuru

All Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

In this thesis, a new type of Substrate Integrated Waveguide for Horn Antennas is proposed for implementing circularly polarization on printed circuit boards. E-plane type of circuits cannot be realized by the conventional substrate integrated waveguide. Substrate integrated E-plane waveguide consists of two circuit boards attached to each other by the two copper strips which are inserted in between two circuit boards, where plated through holes are penetrated through them along the transmission direction. The plated through holes and copper strips altogether played as side walls of a conventional waveguide to support longitudinal and vertical currents. Circular Polarization has its ...


Evaluation Of Antenna Design And Energy Harvesting System Of Passive Tag In Uhf Rfid Applications, Chengrui Yang 2019 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of Antenna Design And Energy Harvesting System Of Passive Tag In Uhf Rfid Applications, Chengrui Yang

Creative Components

Backscattering communication-based Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) has been essential to the rapid advancement of IoT devices. However, most RFID applications only utilize relatively simple antenna designs. This work contributes in two ways: we investigate the impact of different antenna configurations on a passive network using backscattering technology. In addition, we evaluate the designs of power harvesting technologies valid for Ultra-High-Frequency (UHF) RFID applications. Our evaluations demonstrate that tailored antenna designs can more efficiently achieve application requirements when compared to a simple universal antenna. In addition, we give recommendations on energy harvesters for applications operating in different scenarios.


Modified Kuijk Bandgap Reference With Vgo Extraction, Mounica Yatam 2019 Iowa State University

Modified Kuijk Bandgap Reference With Vgo Extraction, Mounica Yatam

Creative Components

This creative component presents an innovative CMOS Bandgap Reference Generator topology targeting sub-ppm temperature coefficient over a wide temperature range. The proposed circuit consists of extracting VGO from the temperature characteristics of VBE. VGO is the bandgap voltage of the silicon that is extrapolated at 0K and is temperature independent over a wide range of temperature (-40°C to 125°C). Analytical constraints are carefully investigated which lead to the output voltage that is proportional to VGO when certain mismatches and opamp offsets are accurately trimmed using two temperatures trimming. The modified circuit, less number of operational amplifiers and resistors ...


Thin-Film Sensor For Fatigue Crack Sensing And Monitoring In Steel Bridges Under Varying Crack Propagation Rates And Random Traffic Loads, Xiangxiong Kong, Jian Li, Caroline Bennett, William Collins, Simon Laflamme, Hongki Jo 2019 University of Kansas

Thin-Film Sensor For Fatigue Crack Sensing And Monitoring In Steel Bridges Under Varying Crack Propagation Rates And Random Traffic Loads, Xiangxiong Kong, Jian Li, Caroline Bennett, William Collins, Simon Laflamme, Hongki Jo

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Fatigue cracks are critical structural concerns for steel highway bridges, and fatigue initiation and propagation activity continues undetected between physical bridge inspections. Monitoring fatigue crack activity between physical inspections can provide far greater reliability in structural performance and can be used to prevent excessive damage and repair costs. In this paper, a thin-film strain sensor, called a soft elastomeric capacitor (SEC) sensor, is evaluated for sensing and monitoring fatigue cracks in steel bridges. The SEC is a flexible and mechanically robust strain sensor, capable of monitoring strain over large structural surfaces. By deploying multiple SECs in the form of dense ...


An Rs-485 Transceiver In A Silicon Carbide Cmos Process, Maria Raquel Benavides Herrera 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

An Rs-485 Transceiver In A Silicon Carbide Cmos Process, Maria Raquel Benavides Herrera

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents the design, simulation and test results of a silicon carbide (SiC) RS-485 transceiver for high temperature applications. This circuit is a building block in the design and fabrication of a digital data processing and control system. Automation processes for extreme environments, remote connection to high temperature locations, deep earth drilling, and high temperature data acquisition are some of the potential applications for such a system. The transceiver was designed and developed in a 1.2 µm SiC-CMOS process by Raytheon Systems, Ltd. (UK). It has been tested with a supply voltage of 12 V and 15 V ...


Asic Design To Support Low Power High Voltage Power Supply For Radiation Monitoring Applications, Daniel Rogge 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Asic Design To Support Low Power High Voltage Power Supply For Radiation Monitoring Applications, Daniel Rogge

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

A low power high voltage power supply is designed for use in a long duration radiation monitoring system. The supply employs a flexible pulse frequency modulation switching controller implemented in a 0.35 $\mu$m CMOS technology. The controller drives and regulates a flyback transformer driven 12-stage Cockroft-Walton voltage multiplier chain. The chain provides bias for the dynodes of a photomultiplier tube. The supply voltage is selectable via a 12-bit on-chip digital to analog converter. The system is designed for low power operation and immunity to supply voltage variation as the application is battery-powered.

Advisors: Sina Balkir and Michael Hoffman


Multivariate Analysis For The Quantification Of Transdermal Volatile Organic Compounds In Humans By Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell System, Ahmed Hasnain Jalal 2018 Florida International University

Multivariate Analysis For The Quantification Of Transdermal Volatile Organic Compounds In Humans By Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell System, Ahmed Hasnain Jalal

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this research, a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) sensor was investigated for specific detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) for point-of-care (POC) diagnosis of the physiological conditions of humans. A PEMFC is an electrochemical transducer that converts chemical energy into electrical energy. A Redox reaction takes place at its electrodes whereas the volatile biomolecules (e.g. ethanol) are oxidized at the anode and ambient oxygen is reduced at the cathode. The compounds which were the focus of this investigation were ethanol (C2H5OH) and isoflurane (C3H2ClF5O), but theoretically, the ...


On-Chip Communication And Security In Fpgas, Shivukumar Basanagouda Patil 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

On-Chip Communication And Security In Fpgas, Shivukumar Basanagouda Patil

Masters Theses

Innovations in Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) manufacturing processes and architectural design have led to the development of extremely large FPGAs. There has also been a widespread adaptation of these large FPGAs in cloud infrastructures and data centers to accelerate search and machine learning applications. Two important topics related to FPGAs are addressed in this work: on-chip communication and security. On-chip communication is quickly becoming a bottleneck in to- day’s large multi-million gate FPGAs. Hard Networks-on-Chip (NoC), made of fixed silicon, have been shown to provide low power, high speed, flexible on-chip communication. An iterative algorithm for routing pre-scheduled ...


Investigating The Effect Of Detecting And Mitigating A Ring Oscillator-Based Hardware Trojan, Lakshmi Ramakrishnan 2018 Southern Methodist University

Investigating The Effect Of Detecting And Mitigating A Ring Oscillator-Based Hardware Trojan, Lakshmi Ramakrishnan

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

The outsourcing of the manufacturing process of integrated circuits to fabrications plants all over the world has exposed these chips to several security threats, especially at the hardware level. There have been instances of malicious circuitry, such as backdoors, being added to circuits without the knowledge of the chip designers or vendors. Such threats could be immensely powerful and dangerous against confidentiality, among other vulnerabilities.

Defense mechanisms against such attacks have been probed and defense techniques have been developed. But with the passage of time, attack techniques have improved immensely as well. From directly observing the inputs or outputs, adversaries ...


Techniques Of Energy-Efficient Vlsi Chip Design For High-Performance Computing, Zhou Zhao 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Techniques Of Energy-Efficient Vlsi Chip Design For High-Performance Computing, Zhou Zhao

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

How to implement quality computing with the limited power budget is the key factor to move very large scale integration (VLSI) chip design forward. This work introduces various techniques of low power VLSI design used for state of art computing. From the viewpoint of power supply, conventional in-chip voltage regulators based on analog blocks bring the large overhead of both power and area to computational chips. Motivated by this, a digital based switchable pin method to dynamically regulate power at low circuit cost has been proposed to make computing to be executed with a stable voltage supply. For one of ...


Asic Design Of Rf Energy Harvester Using 0.13um Cmos Technology, Jainish K. Zaveri 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Asic Design Of Rf Energy Harvester Using 0.13um Cmos Technology, Jainish K. Zaveri

Master's Theses

Recent advances in wireless sensor nodes, data acquisition devices, wearable and implantable medical devices have paved way for low power (sub 50uW) devices. These devices generally use small solid state or thin film batteries for power supply which need replacement or need to be removed for charging. RF energy harvesting technology can be used to charge these batteries without the need to remove the battery from the device, thus providing a sustainable power supply. In other cases, a battery can become unnecessary altogether. This enables us to deploy wireless network nodes in places where regular physical access to the nodes ...


Efficacy Of Multi-Threshold Null Convention Logic In Low-Power Applications, Brent Bell 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Efficacy Of Multi-Threshold Null Convention Logic In Low-Power Applications, Brent Bell

Theses and Dissertations

In order for an asynchronous design paradigm such as Multi-Threshold NULL Convention Logic (MTNCL) to be adopted by industry, it is important for circuit designers to be aware of its advantages and drawbacks especially with respect to power usage. The power tradeoff between MTNCL and synchronous designs depends on many different factors including design type, circuit size, process node, and pipeline granularity. Each of these design dimensions influences the active power and the leakage power comparisons. This dissertation analyzes the effects of different design dimensions on power consumption and the associated rational for these effects. Results show that while MTNCL ...


Cmos Radioactive Isotope Identification With Multichannel Analyzer And Embedded Neural Network, Samuel Murray 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Cmos Radioactive Isotope Identification With Multichannel Analyzer And Embedded Neural Network, Samuel Murray

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

A radiation detection and identification system is designed and implemented to perform gamma ray spectroscopy on radioactive sources and identify which isotopes are present in the sources. A multichannel analyzer is implemented on an ASIC to process the signal produced from gamma rays detected by a scintillator and photomultiplier tube and to quantize the gamma ray energies to build a histogram. A fast, low memory embedded neural network is implemented on a microcontroller ASIC to identify the isotopes present in the gamma ray histogram produced by the multichannel analyzer in real time.

Advisors: Sina Balkir and Michael Hoffman


Skybridge-3d-Cmos: A Fine-Grained Vertical 3d-Cmos Technology Paving New Direction For 3d Ic, Jiajun Shi 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Skybridge-3d-Cmos: A Fine-Grained Vertical 3d-Cmos Technology Paving New Direction For 3d Ic, Jiajun Shi

Doctoral Dissertations

2D CMOS integrated circuit (IC) technology scaling faces severe challenges that result from device scaling limitations, interconnect bottleneck that dominates power and performance, etc. 3D ICs with die-die and layer-layer stacking using Through Silicon Vias (TSVs) and Monolithic Inter-layer Vias (MIVs) have been explored in recent years to generate circuits with considerable interconnect saving for continuing technology scaling. However, these 3D IC technologies still rely on conventional 2D CMOS’s device, circuit and interconnect mindset showing only incremental benefits while adding new challenges reliability issues, robustness of power delivery network design and short-channel effects as technology node scaling.

Skybridge-3D-CMOS (S3DC ...


Analog Signal Processing Solutions And Design Of Memristor-Cmos Analog Co-Processor For Acceleration Of High-Performance Computing Applications, Nihar Athreyas 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Analog Signal Processing Solutions And Design Of Memristor-Cmos Analog Co-Processor For Acceleration Of High-Performance Computing Applications, Nihar Athreyas

Doctoral Dissertations

Emerging applications in the field of machine vision, deep learning and scientific simulation require high computational speed and are run on platforms that are size, weight and power constrained. With the transistor scaling coming to an end, existing digital hardware architectures will not be able to meet these ever-increasing demands. Analog computation with its rich set of primitives and inherent parallel architecture can be faster, more efficient and compact for some of these applications. The major contribution of this work is to show that analog processing can be a viable solution to this problem. This is demonstrated in the three ...


Input Space Dependent Controller For Civil Structures Exposed To Multi-Hazard Excitations, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, Jonathan Hong, Jacob Dodson 2018 Lehigh University

Input Space Dependent Controller For Civil Structures Exposed To Multi-Hazard Excitations, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, Jonathan Hong, Jacob Dodson

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

A challenge in the control of civil structures exposed to multiple types of hazards is in the tuning of control parameters to ensure a prescribed level of performance under substantially different excitation dynamics, which could be considered as largely uncertain. A solution is to leverage data driven control algorithms, which, in their adaptive formulation, can self-tune to uncertain environments. The authors have recently proposed a new type of data-driven controller, termed input space dependent controller (ISDC), that has the particularity to adapt its input space in real-time to identify key measurements that represent the essential dynamics of the system. Previous ...


Differential Power Analysis In-Practice For Hardware Implementations Of The Keccak Sponge Function, Nathaniel Graff 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Differential Power Analysis In-Practice For Hardware Implementations Of The Keccak Sponge Function, Nathaniel Graff

Master's Theses

The Keccak Sponge Function is the winner of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) competition to develop the Secure Hash Algorithm-3 Standard (SHA-3). Prior work has developed reference implementations of the algorithm and described the structures necessary to harden the algorithm against power analysis attacks which can weaken the cryptographic properties of the hash algorithm. This work demonstrates the architectural changes to the reference implementation necessary to achieve the theoretical side channel-resistant structures, compare their efficiency and performance characteristics after synthesis and place-and-route when implementing them on Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), publish the resulting implementations under the ...


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