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Small-Separation Speckle Contrast Optical Spectroscopy For Intraoperative Assessment Of Parathyroid Glands Viability During Thyroid Surgery, Connor Berger 2022 Kennesaw State University

Small-Separation Speckle Contrast Optical Spectroscopy For Intraoperative Assessment Of Parathyroid Glands Viability During Thyroid Surgery, Connor Berger

Symposium of Student Scholars

The parathyroid glands (PTGs) are often damaged during thyroid surgeries due to a lack of methods identifying PTGs and assessing their viability. Damage to PTGs can cause hypocalcemia, a deficiency of calcium in the body. This complication can lead to detrimental consequences with economic burden. The surgeon’s current method of viability assessment is qualitative and subjective. Our technical solution is to employ an optical technique called speckle contrast optical spectroscopy (SCOS) that noninvasively quantifies the blood flow index (Db) of biological tissues at deep tissue levels (>1cm). The goal of this project is to verify SCOS at small source-detector-separation …


Context-Aware Collaborative Neuro-Symbolic Inference In Internet Of Battlefield Things, Tarek Abdelzaher, Nathaniel D. Bastian, Susmit Jha, Lance Kaplan, Mani Srivastava, Venugopal Veeravalli 2022 Army Cyber Institute, U.S. Military Academy

Context-Aware Collaborative Neuro-Symbolic Inference In Internet Of Battlefield Things, Tarek Abdelzaher, Nathaniel D. Bastian, Susmit Jha, Lance Kaplan, Mani Srivastava, Venugopal Veeravalli

ACI Journal Articles

IoBTs must feature collaborative, context-aware, multi-modal fusion for real-time, robust decision-making in adversarial environments. The integration of machine learning (ML) models into IoBTs has been successful at solving these problems at a small scale (e.g., AiTR), but state-of-the-art ML models grow exponentially with increasing temporal and spatial scale of modeled phenomena, and can thus become brittle, untrustworthy, and vulnerable when interpreting large-scale tactical edge data. To address this challenge, we need to develop principles and methodologies for uncertainty-quantified neuro-symbolic ML, where learning and inference exploit symbolic knowledge and reasoning, in addition to, multi-modal and multi-vantage sensor data. The approach features …


Low Power Multi-Channel Interface For Charge Based Tactile Sensors, Samuel Hansen 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Low Power Multi-Channel Interface For Charge Based Tactile Sensors, Samuel Hansen

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Analog front end electronics are designed in 65 nm CMOS technology to process charge pulses arriving from a tactile sensor array. This is accomplished through the use of charge sensitive amplifiers and discrete time filters with tunable clock signals located in each of the analog front ends. Sensors were emulated using Gaussian pulses during simulation. The digital side of the system uses SAR (successive approximation register) ADCs for sampling of the processed sensor signals.

Adviser: Sina Balkır


Denoising And Deconvolving Sperm Whale Data In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico Using Fourier And Wavelet Techniques, Kendal McCain Leftwich 2022 University of New Orleans, New Orleans

Denoising And Deconvolving Sperm Whale Data In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico Using Fourier And Wavelet Techniques, Kendal Mccain Leftwich

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The use of underwater acoustics can be an important component in obtaining information from the oceans of the world. It is desirable (but difficult) to compile an acoustic catalog of sounds emitted by various underwater objects to complement optical catalogs. For example, the current visual catalog for whale tail flukes of large marine mammals (whales) can identify even individual whales from their individual fluke characteristics. However, since sperm whales, Physeter microcephalus, do not fluke up when they dive, they cannot be identified in this manner. A corresponding acoustic catalog for sperm whale clicks could be compiled to identify individual …


Power System Transients: Impacts Of Non-Ideal Sensors On Measurement-Based Applications, Aaron Wilson 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Power System Transients: Impacts Of Non-Ideal Sensors On Measurement-Based Applications, Aaron Wilson

Doctoral Dissertations

The power system is comprised of thousands of lines, generation sources, transformers, and other equipment responsible for servicing millions of customers. Such a complex apparatus requires constant monitoring and protection schemes capable of keeping the system operational, reliable, and resilient. To achieve these goals, measurement is a critical role in the continued functionality of the power system. However, measurement devices are never completely reliable, and are susceptible to inherent irregularities; imparting potentially misleading distortions on measurements containing high-frequency components. This dissertation analyzes some of these effects, as well as the way they may impact certain applications in the grid that …


Rdlnn-Based Image Forgery Detection And Forged Region Detection Using Mot, Akram Hatem Saber, Mohd Ayyub Khan, Basim Galeb Mejbel 2022 Department of Electronics Engineering, Aligarh Muslim University

Rdlnn-Based Image Forgery Detection And Forged Region Detection Using Mot, Akram Hatem Saber, Mohd Ayyub Khan, Basim Galeb Mejbel

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Image forgery detection TEMPhas become an emerging research area due to the increasing number of forged images circulating on the internet and other social media, which leads to legal and social issues. Image forgery detection includes the classification of an image as forged or authentic and as well as localizing the forgery wifin the image. In this paper, we propose a Regression Deep Learning Neural Network (RDLNN) based image forgery detection followed by Modified Otsu Thresholding (MOT) algorithm to detect the forged region. The proposed model comprises five steps that are preprocessing, image decomposition, feature extraction, classification and block matching. …


Long-Distance Propagation Of 162 Mhz Shipping Information Links Associated With Sporadic E, Alex T. Chartier, Thomas R. Hanley, Daniel J. Emmons 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Long-Distance Propagation Of 162 Mhz Shipping Information Links Associated With Sporadic E, Alex T. Chartier, Thomas R. Hanley, Daniel J. Emmons

Faculty Publications

This is a study of anomalous long-distance (>1000 km) radio propagation that was identified in United States Coast Guard monitors of automatic identification system (AIS) shipping transmissions at 162 MHz. Our results indicate this long-distance propagation is caused by dense sporadic E layers in the daytime ionosphere, which were observed by nearby ionosondes at the same time. This finding is surprising because it indicates these sporadic E layers may be far more dense than previously thought.


Iris Detection Authenticator, Nathan D. Tang, Bryan K. Chau 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Iris Detection Authenticator, Nathan D. Tang, Bryan K. Chau

Electrical Engineering

The development of iris biometric identification recognition is presented. Iris recognition differs from other methods because data acquisition is non-physical and is more accessible. It has been proven that the iris does not change as an individual ages and is well protected from external damages due to the eyelid and cornea, acting as a shield to the iris. In addition, the iris is almost impossible to forge due to its complex patterns and the current limitations in technology. Using Canny Edge Detection, Hough Transform, rubber-sheet normalization, Histogram of Gradient feature extraction, and the MultiMedia University iris database as our subjects, …


Device Free Indoor Localization Of Human Target Using Wifi Fingerprinting, Prasanga Neupane 2022 Louisiana State University at Baton Rouge

Device Free Indoor Localization Of Human Target Using Wifi Fingerprinting, Prasanga Neupane

LSU Master's Theses

Indoor localization of human objects has many important applications nowadays. Proposed here is a new device free approach where all the transceiver devices are fixed in an indoor environment so that the human target doesn't need to carry any transceiver device with them. This work proposes radio-frequency fingerprinting for the localization of human targets which makes this even more convenient as radio-frequency wireless signals can be easily acquired using an existing wireless network in an indoor environment. This work explores different avenues for optimal and effective placement of transmitter devices for better localization. In this work, an experimental environment is …


Hyperspectral Unmixing: A Theoretical Aspect And Applications To Crism Data Processing, Yuki Itoh 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Hyperspectral Unmixing: A Theoretical Aspect And Applications To Crism Data Processing, Yuki Itoh

Doctoral Dissertations

Hyperspectral imaging has been deployed in earth and planetary remote sensing, and has contributed the development of new methods for monitoring the earth environment and new discoveries in planetary science. It has given scientists and engineers a new way to observe the surface of earth and planetary bodies by measuring the spectroscopic spectrum at a pixel scale.

Hyperspectal images require complex processing before practical use. One of the important goals of hyperspectral imaging is to obtain the images of reflectance spectrum. A raw image obtained by hyperspectral remote sensing usually undergoes conversion to a physical quantity representing the intensity of …


Predicting Insulin Pump Therapy Settings, Riccardo L. Ferraro, David Grijalva, Alex Trahan 2022 Southern Methodist University & Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc

Predicting Insulin Pump Therapy Settings, Riccardo L. Ferraro, David Grijalva, Alex Trahan

SMU Data Science Review

Millions of people live with diabetes worldwide [7]. To mitigate some of the many symptoms associated with diabetes, an estimated 350,000 people in the United States rely on insulin pumps [17]. For many of these people, how effectively their insulin pump performs is the difference between sleeping through the night and a life threatening emergency treatment at a hospital. Three programmed insulin pump therapy settings governing effective insulin pump function are: Basal Rate (BR), Insulin Sensitivity Factor (ISF), and Carbohydrate Ratio (ICR). For many people using insulin pumps, these therapy settings are often not correct, given their physiological needs. While …


Height Information Aided 3d Real-Time Large-Scale Underground User Positioning, Houbing Song, Chengkai Tang, Cunle Zhang, Lingling Zhang, Yi Zhang 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Height Information Aided 3d Real-Time Large-Scale Underground User Positioning, Houbing Song, Chengkai Tang, Cunle Zhang, Lingling Zhang, Yi Zhang

Publications

Due to the cost of inertial navigation and visual navigation equipment and lake of satellite navigation signals, they cannot be used in large‐scale underground mining environment. To solve this problem, this study proposes large‐scale underground 3D real‐time positioning method with seam height assistance. This method uses the ultrawide band positioning base station as the core and is combined with seam height information to build a factor graph confidence transfer model to realise3D positioning. The simulation results show that the proposed real‐time method is superior to the existing algorithms in positioning accuracy and can meet the needs of large‐scale underground users.


Distribution Of Dds-Cerberus Authenticated Facial Recognition Streams, Andrew T. Park, Nathaniel Peck, Richard Dill, Douglas D. Hodson, Michael R. Grimaila, Wayne C. Henry 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Distribution Of Dds-Cerberus Authenticated Facial Recognition Streams, Andrew T. Park, Nathaniel Peck, Richard Dill, Douglas D. Hodson, Michael R. Grimaila, Wayne C. Henry

Faculty Publications

Successful missions in the field often rely upon communication technologies for tactics and coordination. One middleware used in securing these communication channels is Data Distribution Service (DDS) which employs a publish-subscribe model. However, researchers have found several security vulnerabilities in DDS implementations. DDS-Cerberus (DDS-C) is a security layer implemented into DDS to mitigate impersonation attacks using Kerberos authentication and ticketing. Even with the addition of DDS-C, the real-time message sending of DDS also needs to be upheld. This paper extends our previous work to analyze DDS-C’s impact on performance in a use case implementation. The use case covers an artificial …


An Empirical Comparison Of The Security And Performance Characteristics Of Topology Formation Algorithms For Bitcoin Networks, Muntadher Sallal, Ruairí de Fréin, Ali Malik, Benjamin Aziz 2022 University of Bournemouth

An Empirical Comparison Of The Security And Performance Characteristics Of Topology Formation Algorithms For Bitcoin Networks, Muntadher Sallal, Ruairí De Fréin, Ali Malik, Benjamin Aziz

Articles

There is an increasing demand for digital crypto-currencies to be more secure and robust to meet the following business requirements: (1) low transaction fees and (2) the privacy of users. Nowadays, Bitcoin is gaining traction and wide adoption. Many well-known businesses have begun accepting bitcoins as a means of making financial payments. However, the susceptibility of Bitcoin networks to information propagation delay, increases the vulnerability to attack of the Bitcoin network, and decreases its throughput performance. This paper introduces and critically analyses new network clustering methods, named Locality Based Clustering (LBC), Ping Time Based Approach (PTBC), Super Node Based Clustering …


Acoustic Source Localization Using Straight Line Approximations, Swarnadeep Bagchi, Ruairí de Fréin 2022 Technological University Dublin

Acoustic Source Localization Using Straight Line Approximations, Swarnadeep Bagchi, Ruairí De Fréin

Conference papers

The short paper extends an acoustic signal delay estimation method to general anechoic scenario using image processing techniques. The technique proposed in this paper localizes acoustic speech sources by creating a matrix of phase versus frequency histograms, where the same phases are stacked in appropriate bins. With larger delays and multiple sources coexisting in the same matrix, it becomes cluttered with activated bins. This results in high intensity spots on the spectrogram, making source discrimination difficult. In this paper, we have employed morphological filtering, chain-coding and straight line approximations to ignore noise and enhance the target signal features. Lastly, Hough …


Efficient Discovery And Utilization Of Radio Information In Ultra-Dense Heterogeneous 3d Wireless Networks, Mattaka Gamage Samantha Sriyananda 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Efficient Discovery And Utilization Of Radio Information In Ultra-Dense Heterogeneous 3d Wireless Networks, Mattaka Gamage Samantha Sriyananda

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Emergence of new applications, industrial automation and the explosive boost of smart concepts have led to an environment with rapidly increasing device densification and service diversification. This revolutionary upward trend has led the upcoming 6th-Generation (6G) and beyond communication systems to be globally available communication, computing and intelligent systems seamlessly connecting devices, services and infrastructure facilities. In this kind of environment, scarcity of radio resources would be upshot to an unimaginably high level compelling them to be very efficiently utilized. In this case, timely action is taken to deviate from approximate site-specific 2-Dimensional (2D) network concepts in radio resource utilization …


The Development Of A Motion Sensing Device For Use In A Home Setting, Jaspreet K. Kalsi 2022 The University of Western Ontario

The Development Of A Motion Sensing Device For Use In A Home Setting, Jaspreet K. Kalsi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disease, with over 10 million individuals diagnosed with PD world-wide. The most common symptom characterized by PD is tremor. Tremor is an involuntary oscillatory motion that most prominently occurs in upper limb, specifically in the hand and wrist that has a measurable frequency and amplitude. This thesis aims to evaluate the usability and functionality of a tremor sensing device designed to collect quantitative data on individuals with PD. The designed device uses 23 commercially-available inertial measuring units (IMUs) located between 21 joints: distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints, proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints, Interphalangeal …


Remote Human Vital Sign Monitoring Using Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Radar At Millimeter-Wave Frequencies, Toan Khanh Vo Dai 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Remote Human Vital Sign Monitoring Using Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Radar At Millimeter-Wave Frequencies, Toan Khanh Vo Dai

Doctoral Dissertations

Non-contact respiration rate (RR) and heart rate (HR) monitoring using millimeter-wave (mmWave) radars has gained lots of attention for medical, civilian, and military applications. These mmWave radars are small, light, and portable which can be deployed to various places. To increase the accuracy of RR and HR detection, distributed multi-input multi-output (MIMO) radar can be used to acquire non-redundant information of vital sign signals from different perspectives because each MIMO channel has different fields of view with respect to the subject under test (SUT). This dissertation investigates the use of a Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) radar operating at 77-81 …


Hybrid Smart Transformer For Enhanced Power System Protection Against Dc With Advanced Grid Support, Moazzam Nazir 2022 Clemson University

Hybrid Smart Transformer For Enhanced Power System Protection Against Dc With Advanced Grid Support, Moazzam Nazir

All Dissertations

The traditional grid is rapidly transforming into smart substations and grid assets incorporating advanced control equipment with enhanced functionalities and rapid self-healing features. The most important and strategic equipment in the substation is the transformer and is expected to perform a variety of functions beyond mere voltage conversion and isolation. While the concept of smart solid-state transformers (SSTs) is being widely recognized, their respective lifetime and reliability raise concerns, thus hampering the complete replacement of traditional transformers with SSTs. Under this scenario, introducing smart features in conventional transformers utilizing simple, cost-effective, and easy to install modules is a highly desired …


Deep Learning Based Localization Of Zigbee Interference Sources Using Channel State Information, Dylan Kensler 2022 Clemson University

Deep Learning Based Localization Of Zigbee Interference Sources Using Channel State Information, Dylan Kensler

All Theses

As the field of Internet of Things (IoT) continues to grow, a variety of wireless signals fill the ambient wireless environment. These signals are used for communication, however, recently wireless sensing has been studied, in which these signals can be used to gather information about the surrounding space. With the development of 802.11n, a newer standard of WiFi, more complex information is available about the environment a signal propagates through. This information called Channel State Information (CSI) can be used in wireless sensing. With the help of Deep Learning, this work attempts to generate a fingerprinting technique for localizing a …


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