Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Signal Processing Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,438 Full-Text Articles 1,826 Authors 959,291 Downloads 88 Institutions

All Articles in Signal Processing

Faceted Search

1,438 full-text articles. Page 1 of 54.

Dynamic Response Of Elastic Two-Story Steel Moment Frame Scaled Structure Equipped With Viscous Dampers, Garrett L. Barker, Alexander L. Poirier 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Dynamic Response Of Elastic Two-Story Steel Moment Frame Scaled Structure Equipped With Viscous Dampers, Garrett L. Barker, Alexander L. Poirier

Architectural Engineering

The authors of this report are Architectural Engineering undergraduate students at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. Damping is a complex, experimentally derived value that is affected by many structural properties and has a profound effect on the dynamic response of structures. Deducing the inherent damping of a steel moment frame and affecting the damping ratio with viscous dampers are two topics explored in this paper. Dampers are commonly implemented in resilient structures that perform better in a design basis earthquake, reducing the seismic cost and downtime. Undergraduate coursework does not delve into the factors that affect damping and ...


Signal Adc Converter Simulation On Cadence Virtuoso For Audio Applications, Maxwell Kazuki Fukada 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Signal Adc Converter Simulation On Cadence Virtuoso For Audio Applications, Maxwell Kazuki Fukada

Electrical Engineering

Audio signals are representations of sounds with a mixture of multiple analog signals between the frequency of 20Hz to 20,000Hz. To record snippets of audio data onto a mobile phone or computer, the signal needs to be converted to a digital format. For this purpose, many devices utilize a converter, specifically a sigma-delta modulator with a digital filter. By using a converter, electronics can receive binary data about the audio signal accurately and quickly without losing important signal information. This project aims to simulate a fully functional audio converter with a sigma-delta modulator and decimation filter. The system will ...


Closed-Loop Brain-Computer Interfaces For Memory Restoration Using Deep Brain Stimulation, David Xiaoliang Wang 2022 Southern Methodist University

Closed-Loop Brain-Computer Interfaces For Memory Restoration Using Deep Brain Stimulation, David Xiaoliang Wang

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

The past two decades have witnessed the rapid growth of therapeutic brain-computer interfaces (BCI) targeting a diversity of brain dysfunctions. Among many neurosurgical procedures, deep brain stimulation (DBS) with neuromodulation technique has emerged as a fruitful treatment for neurodegenerative disorders such as epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, post-traumatic amnesia, and Alzheimer's disease, as well as neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and schizophrenia. In parallel to the open-loop neuromodulation strategies for neuromotor disorders, recent investigations have demonstrated the superior performance of closed-loop neuromodulation systems for memory-relevant disorders due to the more sophisticated underlying brain circuitry during cognitive processes. Our ...


Recognizing Traffic Signaling Gestures Through Automotive Sensors., Benjamin James Bartlett 2022 Mississippi State University

Recognizing Traffic Signaling Gestures Through Automotive Sensors., Benjamin James Bartlett

Theses and Dissertations

As technology advances with each new day, so do the applications and uses of the different modalities of technology, including transportation, particularly in ADAS vehicles. These systems allow the vehicle to avoid collisions, change lanes, adjust the vehicle’s speed, and more without the need of driver input. However, each sensor type has a weakness, and most advanced driver- assisted system (ADAS) vehicles rely heavily on sensors, such as RGB cameras, radars, and LiDAR sensors. These visual-based sensors may collect very noisy data in cloudy, raining, foggy, or other obscuring phenomena. Radar, on the other hand, does not rely on ...


A Harmonic Radar System For Honey Bee Tracking To Better Understand Colony Collapse Disorder, William B. Woo 2022 Mississippi State University

A Harmonic Radar System For Honey Bee Tracking To Better Understand Colony Collapse Disorder, William B. Woo

Theses and Dissertations

Honey bees are some of the most important pollinators for agriculture in the world and are pivotal to the health of worldwide ecosystems. Like all insects, bees struggle with exposure to parasites, diseases, and other environmental factors that can negatively affect the overall health of the colony. Recently, a new unexplainable phenomenon called Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) has been wreaking havoc on bee populations worldwide. As a result, a system capable of tracking bees is required to understand the different contributions of chemicals, parasites, etc. to CCD. This research seeks to show data supporting the development of systems for an ...


Challenges And Signal Processing Of High Strain Rate Mechanical Testing, Barae Lamdini 2022 Mississippi State University

Challenges And Signal Processing Of High Strain Rate Mechanical Testing, Barae Lamdini

Theses and Dissertations

Dynamic testing provides valuable insight into the behavior of materials undergoing fast deformation. During Split-Hopkinson Pressure Bar testing, stress waves are measured using strain gauges as voltage variations that are usually very small. Therefore, an amplifier is required to amplify the data and analyze it. One of the few available amplifiers designed for this purpose is provided by Vishay Micro-Measurements which limits the user’s options when it comes to research or industry. Among the challenges of implementing the Hopkinson technology in the industry are the size and cost of the amplifier. In this work, we propose a novel design ...


Analysis And Implementation Of Low Fidelity Radar-Based Remote Sensing For Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Matthew Duck 2022 Mississippi State University

Analysis And Implementation Of Low Fidelity Radar-Based Remote Sensing For Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Matthew Duck

Theses and Dissertations

Radar-based remote sensing is consistently growing, and new technologies and subsequent techniques for characterization are changing the feasibility of understanding the environment. The emergence of easily accessible unmanned aircraft system (UAS) has broadened the scope of possibilities for efficiently surveying the world. The continued development of low-cost sensing systems has greatly increased the accessibility to characterize physical phenomena. In this thesis, we explore the viability and implementation of using UAS as a means of radar-based remote sensing for ground penetrating radar (GPR) and polarimetric scatterometry. Additionally, in this thesis, we investigate the capabilities and implementations of low-cost microwave technologies for ...


Automotive Sensor Fusion Systems For Traffic Aware Adaptive Cruise Control, Jonah T. Gandy 2022 Mississippi State University

Automotive Sensor Fusion Systems For Traffic Aware Adaptive Cruise Control, Jonah T. Gandy

Theses and Dissertations

The autonomous driving (AD) industry is advancing at a rapid pace. New sensing technology for tracking vehicles, controlling vehicle behavior, and communicating with infrastructure are being added to commercial vehicles. These new automotive technologies reduce on road fatalities, improve ride quality, and improve vehicle fuel economy. This research explores two types of automotive sensor fusion systems: a novel radar/camera sensor fusion system using a long shortterm memory (LSTM) neural network (NN) to perform data fusion improving tracking capabilities in a simulated environment and a traditional radar/camera sensor fusion system that is deployed in Mississippi State’s entry in ...


Spatial-Spectral Analysis In Dimensionality Reduction For Hyperspectral Image Classification, Chiranjibi Shah 2022 Mississippi State University

Spatial-Spectral Analysis In Dimensionality Reduction For Hyperspectral Image Classification, Chiranjibi Shah

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation develops new algorithms with different techniques in utilizing spatial and spectral information for hyperspectral image classification. It is necessary to perform spatial and spectral analysis and conduct dimensionality reduction (DR) for effective feature extraction, because hyperspectral imagery consists of a large number of spatial pixels along with hundreds of spectral dimensions.

In the first proposed method, it employs spatial-aware collaboration-competition preserving graph embedding by imposing a spatial regularization term along with Tikhonov regularization in the objective function for DR of hyperspectral imagery. Moreover, Collaboration representation (CR) is an efficient classifier but without using spatial information. Thus, structure-aware collaborative ...


Locating Unknown Interference Sources With Time Difference Of Arrival Estimates, Chia Ying Kuo 2022 Washington University in St. Louis

Locating Unknown Interference Sources With Time Difference Of Arrival Estimates, Chia Ying Kuo

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Adaptive spectrum sharing between different systems and operators is being deployed in order to make use of the wireless spectrum more efficiently. However, when the spectrum is shared, it can create situations in which an operator is unable to determine the identity of an interferer transmitting an unknown signal. This is the situation in which the POWDER testbed found itself in, starting in late 2021. This thesis provides general-purpose tools for operators to locate an unknown signal source in real-world outdoor environments. We used cross-correlation between the signals measured at multiple time-synchronized base stations to estimate the time difference of ...


Design & Analysis Of Mixed-Mode Integrated Circuit For Pulse-Shape Discrimination, Bryan Orabutt 2022 Washington University in St. Louis

Design & Analysis Of Mixed-Mode Integrated Circuit For Pulse-Shape Discrimination, Bryan Orabutt

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

In nuclear science experiments it is usually necessary to determine the type of radiation, its energy and direction with considerable accuracy. The detection of neutrons and discriminating them from gamma rays is particularly difficult. A popular method of doing so is to measure characteristics intrinsic to the pulse shape of each radiation type in order to perform pulse-shape discrimination (PSD).

Historically, PSD capable systems have been designed with two approaches in mind: specialized analog circuitry, or digital signal processing (DSP). In this work we propose a PSD capable circuit topology using techniques from both the analog and DSP domains. We ...


State Estimation—Beyond Gaussian Filtering, Haozhan Meng 2022 University of New Orleans

State Estimation—Beyond Gaussian Filtering, Haozhan Meng

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation considers the state estimation problems with symmetric Gaussian/asymmetric skew-Gaussian assumption under linear/nonlinear systems. It consists of three parts. The first part proposes a new recursive finite-dimensional exact density filter based on the linear skew-Gaussian system. The second part adopts a skew-symmetric representation (SSR) of distribution for nonlinear skew-Gaussian estimation. The third part gives an optimized Gauss-Hermite quadrature (GHQ) rule for numerical integration with respect to Gaussian integrals and applies it to nonlinear Gaussian filters.

We first develop a linear system model driven by skew-Gaussian processes and present the exact filter for the posterior density with fixed ...


Machine Learning Classification Of Digitally Modulated Signals, James A. Latshaw 2022 Old Dominion University

Machine Learning Classification Of Digitally Modulated Signals, James A. Latshaw

Electrical & Computer Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Automatic classification of digitally modulated signals is a challenging problem that has traditionally been approached using signal processing tools such as log-likelihood algorithms for signal classification or cyclostationary signal analysis. These approaches are computationally intensive and cumbersome in general, and in recent years alternative approaches that use machine learning have been presented in the literature for automatic classification of digitally modulated signals. This thesis studies deep learning approaches for classifying digitally modulated signals that use deep artificial neural networks in conjunction with the canonical representation of digitally modulated signals in terms of in-phase and quadrature components. Specifically, capsule networks are ...


Efficient Deep Learning And Its Applications, Zi Wang 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Efficient Deep Learning And Its Applications, Zi Wang

Doctoral Dissertations

Deep neural networks (DNNs) have achieved huge successes in various tasks such as object classification and detection, image synthesis, game-playing, and biological developmental system simulation. State-or-the-art performance on these tasks is usually achieved by designing deeper and wider DNNs with the cost of huge storage size and high computational complexity. However, the over-parameterization problem of DNNs constrains their deployment in resource-limited devices, such as drones and mobile phones.

With these concerns, many network compression approaches are developed, such as quantization, neural architecture search, network pruning, and knowledge distillation. These approaches reduce the sizes and computational costs of DNNs while maintaining ...


Composite Style Pixel And Point Convolution-Based Deep Fusion Neural Network Architecture For The Semantic Segmentation Of Hyperspectral And Lidar Data, Kevin T. Decker, Brett J. Borghetti 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Composite Style Pixel And Point Convolution-Based Deep Fusion Neural Network Architecture For The Semantic Segmentation Of Hyperspectral And Lidar Data, Kevin T. Decker, Brett J. Borghetti

Faculty Publications

Multimodal hyperspectral and lidar data sets provide complementary spectral and structural data. Joint processing and exploitation to produce semantically labeled pixel maps through semantic segmentation has proven useful for a variety of decision tasks. In this work, we identify two areas of improvement over previous approaches and present a proof of concept network implementing these improvements. First, rather than using a late fusion style architecture as in prior work, our approach implements a composite style fusion architecture to allow for the simultaneous generation of multimodal features and the learning of fused features during encoding. Second, our approach processes the higher ...


Efficient Implementation Of Mimo Fbmc/Oqam Scheme Based On Block Spreading, walid ali raslan, Mohamed Abdel-Azim Mohamed, Heba Mohamed Abdel-Atty 2022 delta university for science and technology

Efficient Implementation Of Mimo Fbmc/Oqam Scheme Based On Block Spreading, Walid Ali Raslan, Mohamed Abdel-Azim Mohamed, Heba Mohamed Abdel-Atty

Delta University Scientific Journal

Filter bank multicarrier (FBMC) was proposed as an alternative approach to cyclic prefix - orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (CP-OFDM). FBMC is considered a promising non-orthogonal waveform due to its very low out of band radiation and high spectral efficiency. Nevertheless, the orthogonality constraint for FBMC/OQAM is relaxed being limited only to the real field which causes intrinsic interference. The presence of this interference leads to incompatibility between some well-known multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) schemes and FBMC/ offset quadrature amplitude modulation (OQAM). From this perspective, we proposed in this paper an efficient implementation for FBMC/OQAM based on block spreading to ...


The Role Of Transient Vibration Of The Skull On Concussion, Rodrigo Dalvit Carvalho da Silva 2022 The University of Western Ontario

The Role Of Transient Vibration Of The Skull On Concussion, Rodrigo Dalvit Carvalho Da Silva

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Concussion is a traumatic brain injury usually caused by a direct or indirect blow to the head that affects brain function. The maximum mechanical impedance of the brain tissue occurs at 450±50 Hz and may be affected by the skull resonant frequencies. After an impact to the head, vibration resonance of the skull damages the underlying cortex. The skull deforms and vibrates, like a bell for 3 to 5 milliseconds, bruising the cortex. Furthermore, the deceleration forces the frontal and temporal cortex against the skull, eliminating a layer of cerebrospinal fluid. When the skull vibrates, the force spreads directly ...


Physiological Signal Analysis For Emotion Estimation Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Janet Pulgares Soriano, Karla Conn Welch PhD 2022 University of Louisville

Physiological Signal Analysis For Emotion Estimation Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Janet Pulgares Soriano, Karla Conn Welch Phd

Posters-at-the-Capitol

The diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in children is based on human observations by a clinician. The medical evaluation assesses deficits in social communication, social interaction, and restricted, repetitive behaviors. Robotic technology can assist in quantitatively measuring the observations to be used as a future tool for autism diagnosis and intervention. The project explores this technology to produce robotic partners that can adapt to the needs of the ASD population. This way, such robots could serve as instructors or learning peers. A friendly, partner robot, specifically designed for children with ASD could be used to investigate the effect of ...


Non-Contact Heart Rate Estimation In Low Snr Environments Using Mmwave Radar, Chandler J. Bauder, Aly E. Fathy 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Non-Contact Heart Rate Estimation In Low Snr Environments Using Mmwave Radar, Chandler J. Bauder, Aly E. Fathy

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- EECS

Extracting accurate heart rate estimates of human subjects from a distance in high-noise scenarios using radar is a common problem. Often, frequency components from sources such as movement and vital signs from other subjects can overpower the weak reflected signal of the heart. In this study, we propose a signal processing scheme using a state-of-the-art Adaptive Multi-Trace Carving algorithm (AMTC) to accurately detect the heart rate signal over time in non-ideal scenarios. In our initial proof-of-concept results, we show a low heart rate estimation mean absolute error (MAE) of 3bpm for a single subject marching in place and less than ...


Kemar Hats Head Orientation Directivity, Samuel D. Bellows, Timothy W. Leishman 2022 Brigham Young University

Kemar Hats Head Orientation Directivity, Samuel D. Bellows, Timothy W. Leishman

Directivity

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress