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Optoelectronic Valley-Spin Qubits With Ambipolar Quantum Dots, Jeremy Tull 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Optoelectronic Valley-Spin Qubits With Ambipolar Quantum Dots, Jeremy Tull

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The current limitations of qubit-based processors are caused by imperfections in quantum gates, leading to a lack of gate fidelity. Gate fidelity can be refined by extending the coherence of qubits and reducing logic operation speed. A potential solution is to develop a hybrid qubit that has the coherence of electrically-controlled quantum dots and the gate speed of their optically-controlled counterparts. Quantum bits that utilize ultrafast optical gating to perform gate operations require precise control of the gating pulse duration. Optical dispersion can cause adverse effects pulse duration, such as pulse broadening, so dispersion-compensation techniques must be employed; by properly ...


Design And Fabrication Of A Microstrip Bandpass Filter In Ltcc, Allison Rucker 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design And Fabrication Of A Microstrip Bandpass Filter In Ltcc, Allison Rucker

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The goal of the project was to design and fabricate a bandpass filter with a center frequency of 25GHz with a 2GHz bandwidth. The first step was to do the calculation to design a bandpass filter to meet these specifications along with the properties of the DupontTM GreenTapeTM 9K7. HFSS was then used to verify the results from the initial calculations. There was a significant error between the two results, so more tweaking was done to the calculations to get a better center frequency. After a final design was decided, the fabrication process started. Low-Temperature Co-Fired Ceramics (LLTC ...


How To Cleave Wafers: Latticegear Protocol, Shenshen Wan, George Patrick Watson 2021 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

How To Cleave Wafers: Latticegear Protocol, Shenshen Wan, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

We report on the process protocol to cleave wafers using LatticeGear cleaving and scribing tools sets.


Optimization Of Bilayer Lift-Off Process To Enable The Gap Size Of 1Μm Using Lor 3a And S1813, Yeonjoon Suh, George Patrick Watson 2021 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Optimization Of Bilayer Lift-Off Process To Enable The Gap Size Of 1Μm Using Lor 3a And S1813, Yeonjoon Suh, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

Bilayer lift-off process for 1μm feature size is demonstrated using LOR 3A and S1813 photoresist. The thickness of photoresists was fixed, whereas development time is varied. The process was further investigated by measuring the undercut depth and undercut rate by scanning electron microscopy. An optimized and reproducible recipe is provided.


Treated Hfo2 Based Rram Devices With Ru, Tan, Tin As Top Electrode For In-Memory Computing Hardware, Yuvraj Dineshkumar Patel 2020 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Treated Hfo2 Based Rram Devices With Ru, Tan, Tin As Top Electrode For In-Memory Computing Hardware, Yuvraj Dineshkumar Patel

Theses

The scalability and power efficiency of the conventional CMOS technology is steadily coming to a halt due to increasing problems and challenges in fabrication technology. Many non-volatile memory devices have emerged recently to meet the scaling challenges. Memory devices such as RRAMs or ReRAM (Resistive Random-Access Memory) have proved to be a promising candidate for analog in memory computing applications related to inference and learning in artificial intelligence. A RRAM cell has a MIM (Metal insulator metal) structure that exhibits reversible resistive switching on application of positive or negative voltage. But detailed studies on the power consumption, repeatability and retention ...


Technique Design Of Filter On Surface-Acoustic Waves, Dilmurod Abdujalilovich Davronbekov, Zafar Tulyaganovich Khakimov 2020 Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad al-Khwarizmi

Technique Design Of Filter On Surface-Acoustic Waves, Dilmurod Abdujalilovich Davronbekov, Zafar Tulyaganovich Khakimov

Acta of Turin Polytechnic University in Tashkent

The article describes the design of filters on surface acoustic waves (SAWs), which are selective elements and are widely used in blocks, devices and signal processing systems in telecommunications, including wireless communication systems such as cellular, trunking and others. Designs of filters for surfactants are considered, which are divided into two large groups - by functional purpose and by a systematic approach to the synthesis of performance characteristics of filters for surfactants. Optimization algorithms and methods for synthesizing surfactant filters have been developed and improved. An improved technique for the synthesis of a filter based on surface acoustic waves is proposed ...


3-D Fabry–Pérot Cavities Sculpted On Fiber Tips Using A Multiphoton Polymerization Process, Jonathan W. Smith, Jeremiah C. Williams, Joseph S. Suelzer, Nicholas G. Usechak, Hengky Chandrahalim 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

3-D Fabry–Pérot Cavities Sculpted On Fiber Tips Using A Multiphoton Polymerization Process, Jonathan W. Smith, Jeremiah C. Williams, Joseph S. Suelzer, Nicholas G. Usechak, Hengky Chandrahalim

Faculty Publications

This paper presents 3-D Fabry–Pérot (FP) cavities fabricated directly onto cleaved ends of low-loss optical fibers by a two-photon polymerization (2PP) process. This fabrication technique is quick, simple, and inexpensive compared to planar microfabrication processes, which enables rapid prototyping and the ability to adapt to new requirements. These devices also utilize true 3-D design freedom, facilitating the realization of microscale optical elements with challenging geometries. Three different device types were fabricated and evaluated: an unreleased single-cavity device, a released dual-cavity device, and a released hemispherical mirror dual-cavity device. Each iteration improved the quality of the FP cavity's reflection ...


Planar Interdigitated Aptasensor For Flow-Through Detection Of Listeria Spp. In Hydroponic Lettuce Growth Media, Raminderdeep K. Sidhu, Nicholas D. Cavallaro, Cícero C. Pola, Michelle D. Danyluk, Eric S. McLamore, Carmen L. Gomes 2020 Texas A & M University

Planar Interdigitated Aptasensor For Flow-Through Detection Of Listeria Spp. In Hydroponic Lettuce Growth Media, Raminderdeep K. Sidhu, Nicholas D. Cavallaro, Cícero C. Pola, Michelle D. Danyluk, Eric S. Mclamore, Carmen L. Gomes

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Irrigation water is a primary source of fresh produce contamination by bacteria during the preharvest, particularly in hydroponic systems where the control of pests and pathogens is a major challenge. In this work, we demonstrate the development of a Listeria biosensor using platinum interdigitated microelectrodes (Pt-IME). The sensor is incorporated into a particle/sediment trap for the real-time analysis of irrigation water in a hydroponic lettuce system. We demonstrate the application of this system using a smartphone-based potentiostat for rapid on-site analysis of water quality. A detailed characterization of the electrochemical behavior was conducted in the presence/absence of DNA ...


Structure And Properties Of Polyamide Fabrics With Insect-Repellent Functionality By Electrospinning And Oxygen Plasma-Treated Surface Coating, Chunhui Xiang, NIcholas R. Etrick, Margaret W. Frey, Edmund J. Norris, Joel R. Coats 2020 Iowa State University

Structure And Properties Of Polyamide Fabrics With Insect-Repellent Functionality By Electrospinning And Oxygen Plasma-Treated Surface Coating, Chunhui Xiang, Nicholas R. Etrick, Margaret W. Frey, Edmund J. Norris, Joel R. Coats

Entomology Publications

The need for light-weight and high-strength insect-repellant fabrics is of critical importance to the cessation of viral diseases. The goal of the study is to investigate the structure and properties of insect-repellent polyamide fabrics for use in protective garments to guard against mosquitos. Permethrin was applied to the polyamide fabrics through incorporation into the nylon 6 polymer solution during electrospinning and dip coating onto the control untreated and oxygen plasma-treated polyamide fabrics: electropun nylon 6 nanofiber nonwovens, commercially available nylon 6 warp knit tricot, and nylon 66 double weft, knit interlock fabrics. The incorporation of permethrin into the polymer solution ...


Thermal Transport Modeling Of Semiconductor Materials From First Principles, Aliya Qureshi 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Thermal Transport Modeling Of Semiconductor Materials From First Principles, Aliya Qureshi

Masters Theses

Over the past few years, the size of semiconductor devices has been shrinking whereas the density of transistors has exponentially increased. Thus, thermal management has become a serious concern as device performance and reliability is greatly affected by heat. An understanding of thermal transport properties at device level along with predictive modelling can lead us to design of new systems and materials tailored according to the thermal conductivity. In our work we first review different models used to calculate thermal conductivity and examine their accuracy using the experimentally measured thermal conductivity for Si. Our results suggest that empirically calculated rates ...


Nonlinear Nanophotonic Devices In The Ultraviolet To Visible Wavelength Range, Jinghan He, Hong Chen, Jin Hu, Jingan Zhou, Yingmu Zhang, Andre Kovach, Constantine Sideris, Mark C. Harrison, Yuji Zhao, Andrea M. Armani 2020 University of Southern California

Nonlinear Nanophotonic Devices In The Ultraviolet To Visible Wavelength Range, Jinghan He, Hong Chen, Jin Hu, Jingan Zhou, Yingmu Zhang, Andre Kovach, Constantine Sideris, Mark C. Harrison, Yuji Zhao, Andrea M. Armani

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Although the first lasers invented operated in the visible, the first on-chip devices were optimized for near-infrared (IR) performance driven by demand in telecommunications. However, as the applications of integrated photonics has broadened, the wavelength demand has as well, and we are now returning to the visible (Vis) and pushing into the ultraviolet (UV). This shift has required innovations in device design and in materials as well as leveraging nonlinear behavior to reach these wavelengths. This review discusses the key nonlinear phenomena that can be used as well as presents several emerging material systems and devices that have reached the ...


Flexible Capacitive Pressure Sensors And Triboelectric Energy Harvesters Using Laser-Assisted Patterning Process For Flexible Hybrid Electronic Applications, Valliammai Palaniappan 2020 Western Michigan University

Flexible Capacitive Pressure Sensors And Triboelectric Energy Harvesters Using Laser-Assisted Patterning Process For Flexible Hybrid Electronic Applications, Valliammai Palaniappan

Master's Theses

This work focuses on the design, fabrication and characterization of novel flexible capacitive pressure sensors and triboelectric energy harvesters using laser-assisted patterning process for flexible hybrid electronic applications. Initially, the capacitive pressure sensor was developed by fabricating a set of polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMS) dielectric films with pyramid shaped micro-structures using a laser-assisted patterning process. The pressure sensor consists of two electrodes (top and bottom) that were fabricated by depositing silver (Ag) on flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) using additive screen-printing process. Finally, the pressure sensor was assembled by attaching the top and bottom Ag electrodes to the smooth side of pyramid shaped ...


Direct Observations Of Field-Intensity-Dependent Dielectric Breakdown Mechanisms In Tio2 Single Nanocrystals, Xinchun Tian, Geoff Lee Brennecka, Xiaoli Tan 2020 Iowa State University

Direct Observations Of Field-Intensity-Dependent Dielectric Breakdown Mechanisms In Tio2 Single Nanocrystals, Xinchun Tian, Geoff Lee Brennecka, Xiaoli Tan

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

One of the main challenges for next-generation electric power systems and electronics is to avoid premature dielectric breakdown in insulators and capacitors and to ensure reliable operations at higher electric fields and higher efficiencies. However, dielectric breakdown is a complex phenomenon and often involves many different processes simultaneously. Here we show distinctly different defect-related and intrinsic breakdown processes by studying individual, single-crystalline TiO2 nanoparticles using in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM). As the applied electric field intensity rises, rutile-to-anatase phase transition, local amorphization/melting, and ablation are identified as the corresponding breakdown processes, the field intensity thresholds of which are ...


Nanoelectronic Applications Of Magnetoelectric Nanostructures, Ping Wang 2020 Florida International University

Nanoelectronic Applications Of Magnetoelectric Nanostructures, Ping Wang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The greatly increased interest in magnetoelectric materials over the last decade is due to their potential to enable next-generation multifunctional nanostructures required for revolutionizing applications spanning from energy-efficient information processing to medicine. Magnetoelectric nanomaterials offer a unique way to use a voltage to control the electron spin and, reciprocally, to use remotely controlled magnetic fields to access local intrinsic electric fields. The magnetoelectric coefficient is the most critical indicator for the magnetoelectric coupling in these nanostructures. To realize the immense potential of these materials, it is necessary to maximize the coefficient. Therefore, the goal of this PhD thesis study was ...


Microrobots For Wafer Scale Microfactory: Design Fabrication Integration And Control., Ruoshi Zhang 2020 University of Louisville

Microrobots For Wafer Scale Microfactory: Design Fabrication Integration And Control., Ruoshi Zhang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Future assembly technologies will involve higher automation levels, in order to satisfy increased micro scale or nano scale precision requirements. Traditionally, assembly using a top-down robotic approach has been well-studied and applied to micro-electronics and MEMS industries, but less so in nanotechnology. With the bloom of nanotechnology ever since the 1990s, newly designed products with new materials, coatings and nanoparticles are gradually entering everyone’s life, while the industry has grown into a billion-dollar volume worldwide. Traditionally, nanotechnology products are assembled using bottom-up methods, such as self-assembly, rather than with top-down robotic assembly. This is due to considerations of volume ...


Design Of Submicron Structured Guided-Mode-Resonance Near-Infrared Polarizer, Marzia Zaman 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design Of Submicron Structured Guided-Mode-Resonance Near-Infrared Polarizer, Marzia Zaman

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this research is to design a larger submicron linear polarizer in the near-infrared wavelength range with a wide bandwidth which can be fabricated using the conventional thin-film microfabrication technology to reduce cost. For this purpose, a gold (Au) wire-grid transmission-type transverse-magnetic (TM) polarizer and a silicon (Si) wire-grid reflection-type TM polarizer, were designed using the guided-mode-resonance filter. The Au wire-grid TM polarizer of 700nm grating width and 1200nm grating period has 95% transmittance at 2400nm, more than 1000nm resonance peak bandwidth, and an extinction ratio (ER) of around 300 with a moderated level of sidebands. The 700nm ...


Development And Test Of High Temperature Surface Acoustic Wave Gas Sensors, Armando E. Ayes Moncada 2020 University of Maine

Development And Test Of High Temperature Surface Acoustic Wave Gas Sensors, Armando E. Ayes Moncada

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The demand for sensors in hostile environments, such as power plant environments, exhaust systems and high-temperature metallurgy environments, has risen over the past decades in a continuous attempt to increase process control, improve energy and process efficiency in production, reduce operational and maintenance costs, increase safety, and perform condition-based maintenance in equipment and structures operating in high-temperature, harsh-environment conditions. The increased reliability, improved performance, and development of new sensors and networks with a multitude of components, especially wireless networks, are the target for operation in harsh environments. Gas sensors, in particular hydrogen gas sensors, operating above 200°C are required ...


Pool Boiling Inversion On Femtosecond Laser Surface Processed 304 Stainless Steel And Its Impact On Steady-State Time Constants, Justin Costa-Greger, Alfred Tsubaki, Josh Gerdes, Mark Anderson, Craig Zuhlke, Dennis Alexander, Jeff Shield, George Gogos 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Pool Boiling Inversion On Femtosecond Laser Surface Processed 304 Stainless Steel And Its Impact On Steady-State Time Constants, Justin Costa-Greger, Alfred Tsubaki, Josh Gerdes, Mark Anderson, Craig Zuhlke, Dennis Alexander, Jeff Shield, George Gogos

UCARE Research Products

FLSP surfaces resulting in boiling inversion require longer times to reach steady-state once inversion has occurred Boiling inversion has been shown to be the result of changing nucleation dynamics in which a large number of nucleation sites activate Increased time required to reach steady-state is linked to the rate at which these nucleation sites activate. Heat fluxes above the boiling inversion point can require up to an additional 3 hours to reach steady-state, compared to the typical 15-20 minutes reported in the literature


Design Of An Affordable Rotating Drum Electrospinner For Classroom Education, Peder Solberg 2020 South Dakota State University

Design Of An Affordable Rotating Drum Electrospinner For Classroom Education, Peder Solberg

The Journal of Undergraduate Research

Electrospinning is a technology used to generate small fibers down to nano-scale size. This method of fiber creation has been around for many years. However, in recent years electrospinning has found increased applications, especially in the area of tissue engineering due to its ability to create fibers with properties similar to the extracellular matrix in tissue. An electrospinning platform can illustrate concepts of engineering, electro-mechanical system design, manufacturing, and biomedical applications in one single package. Hence, it provides an excellent opportunity to integrate into secondary (middle and high school) and post-secondary (undergraduate) technology education.

Furthermore, just as integration of 3D ...


Site-Specific Sodiation Mechanisms Of Selenium In Microporous Carbon Host, Frédéric A. Perras, Sooyeon Hwang, Yixian Wang, Ethan C. Self, Pengcheng Liu, Rana Biswas, Sudhan Nagarajan, Viet Hung Pham, Yixin Xu, J. Anibal Boscoboinik, Dong Su, Jagjit Nanda, Marek Pruski, David Mitlin 2020 Ames Laboratory

Site-Specific Sodiation Mechanisms Of Selenium In Microporous Carbon Host, Frédéric A. Perras, Sooyeon Hwang, Yixian Wang, Ethan C. Self, Pengcheng Liu, Rana Biswas, Sudhan Nagarajan, Viet Hung Pham, Yixin Xu, J. Anibal Boscoboinik, Dong Su, Jagjit Nanda, Marek Pruski, David Mitlin

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We combined advanced TEM (HRTEM, HAADF, EELS) with solid-state (SS)MAS NMR and electroanalytical techniques (GITT, etc.) to understand the site-specific sodiation of selenium (Se) encapsulated in a nanoporous carbon host. The architecture employed is representative of a wide number of electrochemically stable and rate-capable Se-based sodium metal battery (SMB) cathodes. SSNMR demonstrates that during the first sodiation, the Se chains are progressively cut to form an amorphous mixture of polyselenides of varying lengths, with no evidence for discrete phase transitions during sodiation. It also shows that Se nearest the carbon pore surface is sodiated first, leading to the formation ...


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