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Maximum Trapping Focal Length In Photophoretic Trap For 3d Imaging Systems, Jason M. Childers 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Maximum Trapping Focal Length In Photophoretic Trap For 3d Imaging Systems, Jason M. Childers

Electrical Engineering

This product is a photophoretic trapping system which allows varying focal lengths to test which focal lengths are possible for trapping toner particles. This system establishes that there exists a maximum trapping distance limitation and is the first time the effect of focal length is studied in a photophoretic trapping system. Increasing photophoretic trapping focal length is necessary for improving this technology as a 3D display. The 3D imaging technology is realized by dragging a microscopic (micrometer-scale) particles with a laser beam to trace an image. This technology can display fully colored and high-resolution 3D images visible from almost any ...


Sub-Nyquist Optical Pulse Sampling For Photonic Blind Source Separation, Taichu Shi, Yang Qi, Weipeng Zhang, Paul Prucnal, Ben Wu 2022 Rowan University

Sub-Nyquist Optical Pulse Sampling For Photonic Blind Source Separation, Taichu Shi, Yang Qi, Weipeng Zhang, Paul Prucnal, Ben Wu

Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering Faculty Scholarship

We propose and experimentally demonstrate an optical pulse sampling method for photonic blind source separation. The photonic system processes and separates wideband signals based on the statistical information of the mixed signals, and thus the sampling frequency can be orders of magnitude lower than the bandwidth of the signals. The ultra-fast optical pulses collect samples of the signals at very low sampling rates, and each sample is short enough to maintain the statistical properties of the signals. The low sampling frequency reduces the workloads of the analog to digital conversion and digital signal processing systems. In the meantime, the short ...


Design Of An Offner-Chrisp Imaging Spectrometer For A Planetary Fluorescence Instrument, Tristan Wells Carlson 2022 Washington University in St. Louis

Design Of An Offner-Chrisp Imaging Spectrometer For A Planetary Fluorescence Instrument, Tristan Wells Carlson

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Spectrometers have been an integral part of space exploration in the late 20th and 21st centuries and will continue to provide quantitative measurements to answer exciting questions like, “Is or was there life on other planets?” PERISCOPE, Probe for Exploring Regolith and Ice by Subsurface Classification of Organics, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and Elements, is a next generation spectrometer designed to explore icy worlds like Europa. It uses time-resolved ultraviolet (UV) fluorescence spectroscopy, a technique that identifies organic molecules, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), and rare earth elements (REE). Photon wavelength discrimination is very important for this technique and is accomplished by ...


Analysis And Implementation Of Low Fidelity Radar-Based Remote Sensing For Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Matthew Duck 2022 Mississippi State University

Analysis And Implementation Of Low Fidelity Radar-Based Remote Sensing For Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Matthew Duck

Theses and Dissertations

Radar-based remote sensing is consistently growing, and new technologies and subsequent techniques for characterization are changing the feasibility of understanding the environment. The emergence of easily accessible unmanned aircraft system (UAS) has broadened the scope of possibilities for efficiently surveying the world. The continued development of low-cost sensing systems has greatly increased the accessibility to characterize physical phenomena. In this thesis, we explore the viability and implementation of using UAS as a means of radar-based remote sensing for ground penetrating radar (GPR) and polarimetric scatterometry. Additionally, in this thesis, we investigate the capabilities and implementations of low-cost microwave technologies for ...


Design, Implementation, And Test Of Spacecraft Antennae And A Ground Station For Mesat1, Travis Russell 2022 University of Maine

Design, Implementation, And Test Of Spacecraft Antennae And A Ground Station For Mesat1, Travis Russell

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

MESAT1 is a CubeSat that was proposed by the University of Maine in response to NASA's CubeSat Launch Initiative, and in early 2020 was selected by NASA to be launched into a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) in June of 2022. The satellite will carry four low-cost complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) cameras which serve as sensing instruments for three science missions proposed by K-12 schools in Maine. The cameras will periodically take pictures of Earth to analyze water turbidity, identify urban heat islands, and predict harmful algal blooms. The multi-spectral image data is packed into frames and downlinked as ...


Hinged Temperature-Immune Self-Referencing Fabry–Pérot Cavity Sensors [Us Patent Us11320596b2], Jeremiah C. Williams, Hengky Chandrahalim 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Hinged Temperature-Immune Self-Referencing Fabry–Pérot Cavity Sensors [Us Patent Us11320596b2], Jeremiah C. Williams, Hengky Chandrahalim

Faculty Publications

A passive microscopic Fabry-Pérot Interferometer (FPI) sensor includes a three-dimensional microscopic optical structure formed on a cleaved tip of the optical fighter using a two-photon polymerization process on a photosensitive polymer by a three-dimensional micromachining device. The three-dimensional microscopic optical structure having a hinged optical layer pivotally connected to a distal portion of a suspended structure. A reflective layer is deposited on a mirror surface of the hinged optical layer while in an open position. The hinged optical layer is subsequently positioned in the closed position to align the mirror surface to at least partially reflect a light signal back ...


Measuring The Electrical Properties Of 3d Printed Plastics In The W-Band, Noah Gregory 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Measuring The Electrical Properties Of 3d Printed Plastics In The W-Band, Noah Gregory

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

3D printers are a method of additive manufacturing that consists of layering material to produce a 3D structure. There are many types of 3D printers as well as many types of materials that are capable of being printed with. The most cost-effective and well documented method of 3D printing is called Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM). FDM printers work by feeding a thin strand of plastic filament through a heated extruder nozzle. This plastic is then deposited on a flat, typically heated, surface called a print bed. The part is then built by depositing thin layers of plastic in the shape ...


Porous Silicon Photonics For Label-Free Interferometric Biosensing And Flat Optics, Tahmid Hassan Talukdar 2022 Clemson University

Porous Silicon Photonics For Label-Free Interferometric Biosensing And Flat Optics, Tahmid Hassan Talukdar

All Dissertations

This dissertation uses porous silicon as a material platform to explore novel optical effects in three domains: (i) It studies dispersion engineering in integrated waveguides to achieve high performance group index sensing. With proper design parameters, the sensor waveguides can theoretically achieve 6 times larger group index shift compared to the actual bulk effective refractive index shift. We demonstrate the guided mode confinement factor to be a key parameter in design and implementation of these waveguides. (ii) It explores multicolor laser illumination to experimentally demonstrate perceptually enhanced colorimetric sensing, overcoming the limitations faced by many contemporary colorimetric sensors. Our technique ...


Second-Order Enhanced Coupling Strength Grating Out-Couplers For A Monolithic Laser-Electro-Absorption Modulator, Maryam Dezfuli 2022 Southern Methodist University

Second-Order Enhanced Coupling Strength Grating Out-Couplers For A Monolithic Laser-Electro-Absorption Modulator, Maryam Dezfuli

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

Conventional grating out-couplers in III-V waveguides typically require lengths of several hundreds of microns to outcouple 50 to 90% of the incident optical power. Enhanced coupling strength (ECS) gratings, which reduce the out-coupler grating length to tens of microns, have a large relative permittivity difference between the materials on either side of the grating boundary along with a high index cover layer. With appropriately chosen permittivity and layer thicknesses, the addition of a cover layer “pulls” the peak of the optical mode towards the grating region, resulting in a significant increase in the grating confinement factor. The resulting ECS out-coupler ...


Polarization-Sensitive Optical Responses From Natural Layered Hydrated Sodium Sulfosalt Gerstleyite, Ravi P. N. Tripathi, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao 2022 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Polarization-Sensitive Optical Responses From Natural Layered Hydrated Sodium Sulfosalt Gerstleyite, Ravi P. N. Tripathi, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Multi-element layered materials have gained substantial attention in the context of achieving the customized light-matter interactions at subwavelength scale via stoichiometric engineering, which is crucial for the realization of miniaturized polarization-sensitive optoelectronic and nanophotonic devices. Herein, naturally occurring hydrated sodium sulfosalt gerstleyite is introduced as one new multi-element van der Waals (vdW) layered material. The mechanically exfoliated thin gerstleyite flakes are demonstrated to exhibit polarization-sensitive anisotropic linear and nonlinear optical responses including angle-resolved Raman scattering, anomalous wavelength-dependent linear dichroism transition, birefringence effect, and polarization-dependent third-harmonic generation (THG). Furthermore, the third-order nonlinear susceptibility of gerstleyite crystal is estimated by the probed ...


Characteristic Mode Analysis Prediction And Guidance Of Electromagnetic Coupling Measurements To A Uav Model, Mohamed Z. M. Hamdalla, Benjamin Bissen, James D. Hunter, Yuanzhuo Liu, Victor Khilkevich, Daryl G. Beetner, Anthony N. Caruso, Ahmed M. Hassan 2022 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Characteristic Mode Analysis Prediction And Guidance Of Electromagnetic Coupling Measurements To A Uav Model, Mohamed Z. M. Hamdalla, Benjamin Bissen, James D. Hunter, Yuanzhuo Liu, Victor Khilkevich, Daryl G. Beetner, Anthony N. Caruso, Ahmed M. Hassan

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In this work, we study the current coupled to a simplified Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) model using a dual computational and experimental approach. The simplified surrogate structure reduced the computational burden and facilitated the experimental measurement of the coupled currents. For a practical system, a wide range of simulations and measurements must be performed to analyze the induced current variations with respect to properties of the incident excitation waveform, such as the frequency, angle of incidence, and polarization. To simplify this analysis, Characteristic Mode Analysis (CMA) was used to compute the eigen-currents of the UAV model and predict where and ...


Wireless Power Transfer In Autonomous Mobile Microgrids, Carl Greene 2022 Michigan Technological University

Wireless Power Transfer In Autonomous Mobile Microgrids, Carl Greene

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The ability to autonomously dock unmanned ground vehicles plays a key role in mobile micro-grids, where efficient power transfer is paramount. The approach utilized in this work allows for near-field wireless power transfer in remote locations with minimal support. Establishing a micro-grid power system connection autonomously using wireless power eliminates the arduous task of designing a complex, multiple degrees of freedom (MDOF) robotic arm. The work presented in this thesis focuses on both the hardware and software within the micro-grid system. This particular near-field wireless system consists of a primary and secondary set of modules, comprised of Litz wire coils ...


Smart Uv-C Disinfectant Module, Nicole Baldy, Luke Rogers, Haitham Saleh 2022 The University of Akron

Smart Uv-C Disinfectant Module, Nicole Baldy, Luke Rogers, Haitham Saleh

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The Smart UV Disinfectant device shall sanitize objects which are 18”x14”x8” or smaller and less than 20 lbs. using UV-C light. This device should contain many safety measures to prevent human and animal exposure to the UV-C light and have no public touchpoints to operate the interface. In order to achieve the first objective, this device shall contain a "sanitizing chamber" which completely encloses the object to be sanitized to prevent outside exposure with detection of any lifeforms inside of the chamber; for the second objective, it will contain a wireless interface to an Android application which can ...


Development Of Holographic Phase Masks For Wavefront Shaping, Nafiseh Mohammadian 2022 University of Central Florida

Development Of Holographic Phase Masks For Wavefront Shaping, Nafiseh Mohammadian

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-

This dissertation explores a new method for creating holographic phase masks (HPMs), which are phase transforming optical elements holographically recorded in photosensitive glass. This novel hologram recording method allows for the fast production of HPMs of any complexity, as opposed to the traditional multistep process, which includes the design and fabrication of a master phase mask operating in the UV region before the holographic recording step. We holographically recorded transmissive HPMs that are physically robust (they are recorded in a silicate glass volume), can handle tens of kilowatts of continuous wave (CW) laser power, are un-erasable, user defined, require no ...


Light Trapping Transparent Electrodes, Mengdi Sun 2022 University of Central Florida

Light Trapping Transparent Electrodes, Mengdi Sun

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-

Transparent electrodes represent a critical component in a wide range of optoelectronic devices such as high-speed photodetectors and solar cells. Fundamentally, the presence of any conductive structures in the optical path leads to dissipation and reflection, which adversely affects device performance. Many different approaches have been attempted to minimize such shadowing losses, including the use of transparent conductive oxides (TCOs), metallic nanowire mesh grids, graphene-based contacts, and high-aspect ratio metallic wire arrays. In this dissertation I discuss a conceptually different approach to achieve transparent electrodes, which involves recapturing photons initially reflected by highly conductive electrode lines. To achieve this, light-redirecting ...


Diffractive Liquid Crystal Optical Elements For Near-Eye Displays, Jianghao Xiong 2022 University of Central Florida

Diffractive Liquid Crystal Optical Elements For Near-Eye Displays, Jianghao Xiong

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-

Liquid crystal planar optics (LCPO) with versatile functionalities is emerging as a promising candidate for overcoming various challenges in near-eye displays, like augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR), while maintaining a small form factor. This type of novel optical element exhibits unique properties, such as high efficiency, large angular/spectral bandwidths, polarization selectivity, and dynamic modulation. The basic molecular configuration of these novel reflective LCPO is analyzed, based on the simulation of molecular dynamics. In contrast to previously assumed planar-twist structure, our analysis predicts a slanted helix structure, which agrees with the measured results. The optical simulation model is ...


Patterned Liquid Crystal Devices For Near-Eye Displays, Kun Yin 2022 University of Central Florida

Patterned Liquid Crystal Devices For Near-Eye Displays, Kun Yin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-

As a promising next-generation display, augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) have shown attractive features and attracted broad interests from both academia and industry. Currently, these near-eye displays (NEDs) have enabled numerous applications, ranging from education, medical, entertainment, to engineering, with the help of compact and functional patterned liquid crystal (LC) devices. The interplay between LC patterns and NEDs stimulates the development of novel LC devices with unique surface alignments and volume structures, which in turn feedback to achieve more compact and versatile NEDs. This dissertation will focus on the patterned LC with applications in NEDs. Firstly, we propose ...


Magneto-Exothermic Catalytic Chemical Reaction Along A Curved Surface, Muhammad Ashraf, Uzma Ahmad, Saqib Zia, Rama S. R. Gorla, Amnah S. Al-Johani, Ilyas Khan, Mulugeta Andualem 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Magneto-Exothermic Catalytic Chemical Reaction Along A Curved Surface, Muhammad Ashraf, Uzma Ahmad, Saqib Zia, Rama S. R. Gorla, Amnah S. Al-Johani, Ilyas Khan, Mulugeta Andualem

Faculty Publications

In the current study, the physical behavior of the boundary layer flows along a curved surface owing exothermic catalytic chemical reaction, and the magnetic field is investigated. The mathematical model comprised of a part of momentum, energy, and mass equations, which are solved using a finite difference method along with primitive variable formulation. Numerical solutions, using the method of quantitative differentiation, are made with the appropriate choice of dimensionless parameters. Analysis of the results obtained shows that the field temperature and flow of fluids are strongly influenced by the combined effects of catalytic chemical reactions and the magnetic field. The ...


Nonlinear Meissner Effect In Nb3Sn Coplanar Resonators, Junki Makita, C. Sundahl, Gianluigi Ciovati, C. B. Eom, Alex Gurevich 2022 Old Dominion University

Nonlinear Meissner Effect In Nb3Sn Coplanar Resonators, Junki Makita, C. Sundahl, Gianluigi Ciovati, C. B. Eom, Alex Gurevich

Physics Faculty Publications

We investigated the nonlinear Meissner effect (NLME) in Nb3Sn thin-film coplanar resonators by measuring the resonance frequency as a function of a parallel magnetic field at different temperatures. We used low rf power probing in films thinner than the London penetration depth λ(B) to significantly increase the field onset of vortex penetration and measure the NLME under equilibrium conditions. Contrary to the conventional quadratic increase of λ(B) with B expected in s-wave superconductors, we observed a nearly linear increase of the penetration depth with B. We concluded that this behavior of λ(B) is due to ...


Incorporation Of Zinc In Pre-Alloyed Cuin[Zn]S2/Zns Quantum Dots, Jean Carlos Morales Orocu 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Incorporation Of Zinc In Pre-Alloyed Cuin[Zn]S2/Zns Quantum Dots, Jean Carlos Morales Orocu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Since the early 2000s heavy-metal-free quantum dots (QDs) such as CuInS2/ZnS have attempted to replace CdSe, their heavy-metal-containing counterparts. CuInS2/ZnS is synthesized in a two-step process that involves the fabrication of CuInS2 (CIS) nanocrystals (NCs) followed by the addition of zinc precursors. Instead of the usual core/shell architecture often exhibited by binary QDs, coating CIS QDs results in alloyed and/or partially alloyed cation-exchange (CATEX) QDs. The effect that zinc has on the properties of CIS NCs was studied by incorporating zinc during the first step of the synthesis. Different In:Cu:Zn ratios were employed in ...


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