Language Analysis Skills Of Children With Mental Retardation, 2016 The College of New Rochelle
Language Analysis Skills Of Children With Mental Retardation, Hyla Rubin
The ability of children with moderate mental retardation to analyze orally presented sentences into words and words into syllables and phonemes was studied. The subjects, ages 10 to 15, were grouped by method of reading instruction. All of them could analyze spoken sentences into words and words into syllables equally well. However, subjects receiving code-emphasis reading instruction performed significantly better on the more difficult phoneme manipulation tasks than did subjects receiving whole-word instruction. Results suggest that code-emphasis reading instruction for some subjects with mental retardation should be used. Further research on linguistic analysis skills and the use of code-emphasis reading ...
Integrating Sound Symbolism With Core Grammar: The Case Of Expressive Palatalization, 2016 Simon Fraser University
Integrating Sound Symbolism With Core Grammar: The Case Of Expressive Palatalization, John Alderete, Alexei Kochetov
An On-Line Supplement To Alderete & Kochetov (To Appear), Language, 2016 Simon Fraser University
An On-Line Supplement To Alderete & Kochetov (To Appear), Language, John Alderete, Alexei Kochetov
No abstract provided.
Phonological Awareness: Normally Developing And Language Delayed Children, 2016 The College of New Rochelle
Phonological Awareness: Normally Developing And Language Delayed Children, Hyla Rubin
This study compared 15 nonnal and 13 language delayed fourand five-year-old children on a range of tasks of phonological awareness. The tasks differed in the degree of explicit linguistic analysis that was required. The language delayed group always performed below the level of the nonnal children, and there were significant group differences on several tasks. A significant interaction effect reflected the greater difficulty language delayed children experienced with tasks that required the most explicit analysis. The tasks used in this study could be used in intervention research with language delayed children. They can also be used in therapy and classroom ...
Contextualized Recognition Of Fingerspelled Words, 2016 National Technical Institute for the Deaf
Contextualized Recognition Of Fingerspelled Words, Campbell Mcdermid, Lynn Finton, Alexis Chasney
Journal of Interpretation
Fingerspelling, an aspect of American Sign Language, is difficult for second language English-speaking adults to learn (Bahleda, 1998), yet mastery is required by professional ASL-English interpreters. This study compared novice and expert interpreters’ interpretation of fingerspelled words under the assumption that exposure to priming material in their L1, English, would enable the interpreters to recognize those terms when fingerspelled in their L2, ASL. In this study, participants (15 novices, 15 experts) were asked to interpret an ASL text with 25 “carefully” fingerspelled words embedded. Ten subjects were not given priming materials, ten a list of words in printed English that ...
Therapy Dogs In The College Classroom: The Effect Of Dogs On Stress, Anxiety, And Spanish L2 Phonological Learning And Performance, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Therapy Dogs In The College Classroom: The Effect Of Dogs On Stress, Anxiety, And Spanish L2 Phonological Learning And Performance, Elaine Maralee Henry
Anxiety and stress invoked by the second language classroom setting has the ability to cause numerous detrimental physiological changes which impair the learning process. A more natural, “immersion” type atmosphere is often desired when teaching a second language; however, this is not typically possible with college classes. Therefore, the addition of therapy dogs to college second language classes may be a beneficial solution since therapy dogs are frequently cited as having the ability to lower stress and anxiety in many different settings. Stroking and interacting with a dog may reduce many markers of stress, including blood pressure, heart rate, and ...
Supralaryngeal Implementation Of Length And Laryngeal Contrasts In Japanese And Korean, 2016 University of Toronto, Scarborough
Supralaryngeal Implementation Of Length And Laryngeal Contrasts In Japanese And Korean, Alexei Kochetov, Yoonjung Kang
The Language Identification Problem: Formant Analysis And Cross-Linguistic Uniqueness, 2016 The University of Western Ontario
The Language Identification Problem: Formant Analysis And Cross-Linguistic Uniqueness, Lyndon Rey
Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western
In the field of computational linguistics, spoken language recognition (through the use of wordlists and morphological markers) is a resource-intensive process: the input must be parsed from the inputted speech signal, words must be hypothesized, and then subsequently word-lists for any likely language must be iterated through. To note, spoken language recognition does not refer to the process of identifying the meaning of the input; rather, it is finding the language of which the speaker is speaking (not necessarily 'parsing' the input). In my research, the question of whether a language can be positively and uniquely identified through small nuances ...
Palatalization And Glide Strengthening As Competing Repair Strategies: Evidence From Kirundi, 2016 University of Toronto
Palatalization And Glide Strengthening As Competing Repair Strategies: Evidence From Kirundi, Alexei Kochetov
What’S In A Name? Sound Symbolism And Coffee Shops, 2016 Cedarville University
What’S In A Name? Sound Symbolism And Coffee Shops, Claire Anderson
Linguistics Senior Research Projects
This study explores the relationship between sound symbolism and coffee shop names. Specifically, phonetic qualities in coffee shop names have crossmodal associations with other sensory experiences such as taste, sight, sound, and touch. Previous studies show a strong association between product or brand name and consumer preference; therefore, a study of coffee shop names is worthwhile in expanding the corpus of sound symbolism knowledge. A phonetic analysis of top-rated coffee shops in the United States, paired with a survey, shows that a balance of stops and smoother phonemes (fricatives, nasals, laterals, etc.), as well as a mixture of front and ...
Short‐Term Test-Retest Reliability Of Informal Phonological Analysis For 2‐Year‐Old Late Talkers, 2016 University of Nebraska at Omaha
Short‐Term Test-Retest Reliability Of Informal Phonological Analysis For 2‐Year‐Old Late Talkers, Jordan Gearheart, Ann Walker, Shari L. Deveney
Special Education and Communication Disorders Faculty Proceedings & Presentations
This poster discusses: Background, Research Question, Method, Results, Conclusions, Clinical Implications, and Limitations & Future Directions.
Cross-Level Interactions In Harmonic Serialism, 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
Cross-Level Interactions In Harmonic Serialism, John Mccarthy, Joe Pater, Kathryn Pruitt
John J. McCarthy
Cross-level interactions are phonological processes that make reference to multiple levels of the prosodic hierarchy, such as vowel shortening in the weak position of a foot. Cross-level interactions figure in most arguments for parallelism in Optimality Theory. This chapter demonstrates with several case studies how cross-level interactions can be analyzed in Harmonic Serialism. The key insight is that the relevant constraints may be violated in the course of the derivation, even if they are obeyed in underlying and surface forms. Cross-level interactions require parallelism only if constraints are inviolable, but that is inconsistent with a fundamental premise of Harmonic Serialism ...
The Theory And Practice Of Harmonic Serialism, 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
The Theory And Practice Of Harmonic Serialism, John Mccarthy
John J. McCarthy
This chapter explains what Harmonic Serialism is and how it differs from standard parallel Optimality Theory. Several arguments in support of Harmonic Serialism are presented.
Grammar Of Zị́R, 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder
Grammar Of Zị́R, Amiawatoa Downey
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The Grammar of Zị́r is a ConLang project with the aim of increasing proficiency in all aspects of Linguistics by hands-on application in the creation and thorough description of a newly created language.
The Representation Of Probabilistic Phonological Patterns: Neurological, Behavioral, And Computational Evidence From The English Stress System, 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst
The Representation Of Probabilistic Phonological Patterns: Neurological, Behavioral, And Computational Evidence From The English Stress System, Claire Moore-Cantwell
Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current
This dissertation investigates the cognitive mechanism underlying language users' ability to generalize probabilistic phonological patterns in their lexicon to novel words. Specifically, do speakers represent probabilistic patterns using abstract grammatical constraints? If so, this system of constraints would, like categorical phonological generalizations (a) be limited in the space of possible generalizations it can represent, and (b) apply to known and novel words alike without reference to specific known words. I examine these two predictions, comparing them to the predictions of alternative models. Analogical models are specifically considered. In chapter 3 I examine speakers' productions of novel words without near lexical ...
Extending Hidden Structure Learning: Features, Opacity, And Exceptions, 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Extending Hidden Structure Learning: Features, Opacity, And Exceptions, Aleksei I. Nazarov
Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current
This dissertation explores new perspectives in phonological hidden structure learning (inferring structure not present in the speech signal that is necessary for phonological analysis; Tesar 1998, Jarosz 2013a, Boersma and Pater 2016), and extends this type of learning towards the domain of phonological features, towards derivations in Stratal OT (Bermúdez-Otero 1999), and towards exceptionality indices in probabilistic OT. Two more specific themes also come out: the possibility of inducing instead of pre-specifying the space of possible hidden structures, and the importance of cues in the data for triggering the use of hidden structure. In chapters 2 and 4, phonological features ...
The Tunica Stress Conspiracy Revisited, 2015 Selected Works
The Tunica Stress Conspiracy Revisited
Articulation And Acoustics Of Kannada Affricates: A Case Of Geminate /ʧ/, 2015 University of Toronto
Articulation And Acoustics Of Kannada Affricates: A Case Of Geminate /ʧ/, Alexei Kochetov, N. Sreedevi
Examining The Influence Of Using Audiobooks On The Improvement Of Sound Recognition And Sound Production Of Iranian Efl Learners, Ali Taghinezhad
Undoubtedly, pronunciation is a significant factor in communication and it can be a source of unintelligibility between interlocutors. Several materials can contribute to the improvement of pronunciation skill one of which seems to be audiobooks. Therefore, the present study aimed at investigating the influence of using audiobooks on the improvement of pronunciation ability of Iranian EFL learners. To this end, 90 elementary, intermediate, and upper-intermediate students from three English language institutes were selected in Shiraz, Iran. In order to examine the effect of using audiobooks on students’ sound recognition and sound production, two tests were administered to the students as ...
Contingent Optionality, 2015 University of California, San Diego
Contingent Optionality, Eric Baković
No abstract provided.