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Mobilities, Materialities, And The Changing Meanings Of Pittsburgh Speech, Barbara Johnstone, Calvin Pollack 2016 Carnegie Mellon University

Mobilities, Materialities, And The Changing Meanings Of Pittsburgh Speech, Barbara Johnstone, Calvin Pollack

Barbara Johnstone

For many decades, people in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area have talked about local speech. “Pittsburghese,” as it is locally known, has become so tightly linked with local identity that it is alluded to almost every time someone talks about what Pittsburgh is like or what it means to be a Pittsburgher. But the set of words, pronunciations, and bits of grammar that are thought of as Pittsburghese has changed over time. This paper explores the role of social and geographic mobility in creating and circulating the ideas about Pittsburgh speech that help to determine who uses local-sounding speech features and ...


Gendered Use Of Adjectives In Fairy Tales: A Diachronic Study, Tara Cress 2016 Western University

Gendered Use Of Adjectives In Fairy Tales: A Diachronic Study, Tara Cress

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

This study focuses on gender represented in the literary context of fairy tales. It explores the adjectives used to describe the female and male gender diachronically and cross-sectionally over the span of the 19th century. By analyzing English translations of the Grimm Brothers’ “Ashputtel” (“Cinderella”), and “Hans In Luck,” I make observations about variations of adjective use within each text while comparatively looking at a female-centric narrative to a male-centric one. This provides a look into the relatively understudied subject of adjectives as a linguistic means of describing gender within cultural mores and norms.

Nineteenth century data shows that adjectives ...


D-Place: A Global Database Of Cultural, Linguistic And Environmental Diversity, Kathryn R. Kirby, Russell D. Gray, Simon J. Greenhill, Fiona M. Jordan, Stephanie Gomes-Ng, Hans-Jörg Bibiko, Damián E. Blasi, Carlos A. Botero, Claire Bowern, Carol R. Ember, Dan Leehr, Bobbi S. Low, Joe McCarter, William Divale, Michael C. Gavin 2016 Washington University in St. Louis

D-Place: A Global Database Of Cultural, Linguistic And Environmental Diversity, Kathryn R. Kirby, Russell D. Gray, Simon J. Greenhill, Fiona M. Jordan, Stephanie Gomes-Ng, Hans-Jörg Bibiko, Damián E. Blasi, Carlos A. Botero, Claire Bowern, Carol R. Ember, Dan Leehr, Bobbi S. Low, Joe Mccarter, William Divale, Michael C. Gavin

Biology Faculty Publications & Presentations

From the foods we eat and the houses we construct, to our religious practices and political organization, to who we can marry and the types of games we teach our children, the diversity of cultural practices in the world is astounding. Yet, our ability to visualize and understand this diversity is limited by the ways it has been documented and shared: on a culture-by-culture basis, in locally-told stories or difficult-to-access repositories. In this paper we introduce D-PLACE, the Database of Places, Language, Culture, and Environment. This expandable and open-access database (accessible at https://d-place.org) brings together a dispersed corpus ...


Barrios-Lech_Linguistic_Interaction_Appendix_Four.Docx, Peter G. Barrios-Lech 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

Barrios-Lech_Linguistic_Interaction_Appendix_Four.Docx, Peter G. Barrios-Lech

Peter Barrios-Lech

Appendix 4, "Donatus on Pragmatics and Politeness," for Barrios-Lech, P. 2016. Linguistic Interaction in Roman Comedy (Cambridge).


Barrios-Lech_Linguistic_Interaction_Appendix_Five.Docx, Peter G. Barrios-Lech 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

Barrios-Lech_Linguistic_Interaction_Appendix_Five.Docx, Peter G. Barrios-Lech

Peter Barrios-Lech

Appendix 5, "Supplementary Material for Parts III-IV," Barrios-Lech, P. Linguistic Interaction in Roman Comedy (Cambridge).


Linguistic Interaction In Roman Comedy (Cambridge University Press, 2016), Peter G. Barrios-Lech 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

Linguistic Interaction In Roman Comedy (Cambridge University Press, 2016), Peter G. Barrios-Lech

Peter Barrios-Lech

No abstract provided.


Bilingual Latino Middle Schoolers On Languaging And Racialization In The Us, Sarah Hesson 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Bilingual Latino Middle Schoolers On Languaging And Racialization In The Us, Sarah Hesson

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation explores bilingual Latino middle schoolers’ articulated understandings of their language practices as well as the links between language practices and processes of racialization and discrimination in the US. The research was conducted in the context of an after-school program whose explicit aim was to not only document students’ experiences, but to use those experiences as a basis for generating individual and collective critical understandings among participants. The findings of this case study center on the ways youth understand processes of racialization, translanguaging, and translation in the context of an English-dominant society, and how these understandings are connected to ...


Gatekeepers To The Third Space: Authority, Agency, And Language Hierarchy In First-Year Composition, Guadalupe Rincon 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

Gatekeepers To The Third Space: Authority, Agency, And Language Hierarchy In First-Year Composition, Guadalupe Rincon

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This thesis examines writing conference interactions between multilingual students and first-year composition instructors in order to understand the co-construction of instructor authority and student agency in discussions of academic writing. Multilingual approaches to first-year writing assert that inviting students’ home languages or dialects into the classroom allows multilingual students to use languages other than English connect with the curriculum, develop rhetorical complexity as writers, and to be validated as language users; however, scholarship could benefit from examining social interactions. Because identities, ideologies, and stances are co-constructed between people and emerge in social interactions,a discourse analysis of interactions between first-year ...


Deaf Interpreter Education: Stories And Insights Shared By Working Deaf Interpreters And Deaf Interpreting Students, Jeremy Rogers 2016 Western Oregon University

Deaf Interpreter Education: Stories And Insights Shared By Working Deaf Interpreters And Deaf Interpreting Students, Jeremy Rogers

Master's of Arts in Interpreting Studies (MAIS) Theses

The purpose of this research study was to identify existing practices in interpreter preparation as it relates to Deaf interpreting students and working Deaf interpreters. In an effort to identify patterns in curricula, instructional approach, and formative experiences, the researcher aimed to distinguish effective instructional approaches for Deaf interpreting students. Working Deaf interpreters were interviewed to offer their perspective on existing preparation practices, both in formal academic settings and formative training. Secondly, Deaf interpreting students currently enrolled in Interpreter Preparation Programs (IPPs) were asked to reflect on their academic experiences and identify the most effective practices employed in their training ...


Do They Use 'Them'?: Gender-Neutral Pronoun Usage Among Queer And Non-Queer College Students, Brandon Ray Darr 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Do They Use 'Them'?: Gender-Neutral Pronoun Usage Among Queer And Non-Queer College Students, Brandon Ray Darr

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


English And Lexigram Comprehension Of Language-Trained Bonobos, Andrea Rabinowitz 2016 Iowa State University

English And Lexigram Comprehension Of Language-Trained Bonobos, Andrea Rabinowitz

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

If language and cognition are intrinsically linked, it follows that studying the linguistic processes of great apes will heighten our knowledge of the evolution of human language and thought, a primary focus of anthropological research. The present study expanded upon ongoing research of bonobos (Pan paniscus) raised in a language-enriched environment at the Ape Cognition and Conservation Initiative. While Kanzi’s linguistic and cognitive capabilities have been well documented in early life, this project evaluated a current vocabulary of English and symbolic lexigrams. A series of three computerized match-to-sample tasks tested his ability to match a picture to spoken English ...


What’S In A Name? Sound Symbolism And Coffee Shops, Claire Anderson 2016 Cedarville University

What’S In A Name? Sound Symbolism And Coffee Shops, Claire Anderson

Linguistics Senior Research Projects

This study explores the relationship between sound symbolism and coffee shop names. Specifically, phonetic qualities in coffee shop names have crossmodal associations with other sensory experiences such as taste, sight, sound, and touch. Previous studies show a strong association between product or brand name and consumer preference; therefore, a study of coffee shop names is worthwhile in expanding the corpus of sound symbolism knowledge. A phonetic analysis of top-rated coffee shops in the United States, paired with a survey, shows that a balance of stops and smoother phonemes (fricatives, nasals, laterals, etc.), as well as a mixture of front and ...


Is This Author Intelligent? The Effect Of Spelling Errors On Perception Of Authors, Rachel M. Schloneger 2016 Cedarville University

Is This Author Intelligent? The Effect Of Spelling Errors On Perception Of Authors, Rachel M. Schloneger

Linguistics Senior Research Projects

This study seeks to understand how the presence of spelling errors affects readers’ perceptions of an author’s intelligence and writing ability. Undergraduate students and professors read a short essay and completed a sixteen-question questionnaire concerning their perceptions of the author and the essay. The number of spelling errors present (zero, five, or ten) in the essay was manipulated by the researcher. Participant perceptions of the author and the essay suffered as more spelling errors were found. Participants in the five- and ten-error conditions judged both the author and the essay more harshly, giving it lower scores. Further, intelligence ratings ...


Ethnography Of A Genderqueer Community, Markita Session 2016 Georgia State University

Ethnography Of A Genderqueer Community, Markita Session

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Natural Language Processing Of Forum Data: Modeling Social Interaction And Performance In Stem Learning, Marissa Emory, Lucile Pitte 2016 Georgia State University

Natural Language Processing Of Forum Data: Modeling Social Interaction And Performance In Stem Learning, Marissa Emory, Lucile Pitte

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Perceptions Of College Instructors Toward Accented English Measured By The Auditory Multifactor Implicit Association Test, Eunkyung Na 2016 University of South Florida

Perceptions Of College Instructors Toward Accented English Measured By The Auditory Multifactor Implicit Association Test, Eunkyung Na

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the implicit language attitudes of college-level instructors toward accented English and the effect of gender, teaching experience, and home language background on those attitudes. The auditory multifactor Implicit Association Test (IAT) was used to measure the implicit attitudes toward Standard, Chinese, Hispanic, and Korean accented English. For the current study, audio stimuli were embedded into the multifactor IAT, which became available for the first time in 2014. The auditory multifactor IAT generated implicit preference scores of six pairs of accented English: Standard vs. Chinese, Standard vs. Hispanic, Standard vs. Korean, Chinese vs ...


Flip Cup: Problems Related To Alcohol Consumption In Modern China, Helen Lamm 2016 SIT Graduate Institute - Study Abroad

Flip Cup: Problems Related To Alcohol Consumption In Modern China, Helen Lamm

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The habits and attitudes surrounding the consumption of alcohol, in any culture, are just another lens through which we can look to better understand social life. The hierarchical social systems in China, which dictate common behavior, are unique. Much work has been written on the topic of guanxiand face: the defining factors for China’s ubiquitous, self-affirming system of relationships. Drinking culture is perhaps more interesting to travel bloggers than academics, but I believe that China’s drinking culture is a direct practice in guanxi production. The darker side of China’s drinking culture is anexercise in preserving face ...


Ñaan Baat : Ousmane Sembène Et L’Adaptation Wolof Comme Discours Accessible Sur La Politique Linguistique Sénégalaise, Xavier Lee 2016 SIT Graduate Institute - Study Abroad

Ñaan Baat : Ousmane Sembène Et L’Adaptation Wolof Comme Discours Accessible Sur La Politique Linguistique Sénégalaise, Xavier Lee

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Utilisant les romans écrits en français d’Ousmane Sembène et leurs adaptations respectives réalisées en wolof, j’avance que nous pouvons mieux comprendre la politique linguistique de la société dakaroise, particulièrement au sein des langues wolof et françaises, à travers une analyse sociolinguistique de la consommation et la production de littérature et cinéma au Sénégal. En particulier, j’essaie de mélanger une étude sociolinguistique avec une analyse littéraire et une critique culturale afin de comprendre comment Sembène utilise les langes pour atteindre une audience sénégalaise dans ses adaptations wolofs. J’avance que l’existence des « langues internes » démarque une réalité ...


Pax Populi: Utilizing Technology And Education As A Means To Achieve Peace, Anand Balar 2016 Purdue University

Pax Populi: Utilizing Technology And Education As A Means To Achieve Peace, Anand Balar

Engagement and Service-Learning Summit

This project of Pax Populi was presented to the students in the Honors course called Beyond Afghanistan taught by Dr. Brite as an opportunity to do service learning. The goal of Pax Populi as taken from their mission statement is to “put the tools of peacemaking into the hands of ordinary people through initiatives that advance peace through education and economic development within a framework of human rights.”

The tool we used in this case was Skype web conferencing to communicate with an Afghan tutee the students were individually partnered up with to teach English skills to whether they be ...


De-Colonizing Gender In Indigenous Language Revitalization Efforts, Jenna N. Hassan 2016 University of Western Ontario

De-Colonizing Gender In Indigenous Language Revitalization Efforts, Jenna N. Hassan

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

It has been predicted that of the 60 Indigenous languages in Canada today, only 4 will remain by 2100 (Pitawanakwat, 2009). The effects of colonization and globalization on Indigenous communities have continued into the present and have consequently led to a loss in identity, culture, and language, ultimately altering gender relations within Indigenous communities as well. While there has been an increase in efforts to revitalize indigenous languages in a way that does not further colonize language communities, the approach to doing so may still reflect a western ideological approach to education. Furthermore, the effects of western constructions of gender ...


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