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A Discussion Of Delimitative In Mandarin Chinese, Qi Zhang 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

A Discussion Of Delimitative In Mandarin Chinese, Qi Zhang

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis investigates how delimitative marking in Mandarin Chinese is better considered as an instance of verb-phrase modification instead of aspect marking. The study investigates data with verb reduplication cases caused by delimitative marking from both syntactic and semantic points of view. Through observations and analyses, it is found that delimitative marking does not have the same distribution as other aspect markers, but rather shows resemblance to temporal modifiers syntactically. Semantically, instead of providing a viewpoint as other aspect markers do, delimitative indicates the temporal length (shortness) of the event. In addition, it is found that delimitative marking has strict ...


Aspects Of Quantifier Float In Thai, Khanin Chaiphet 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Aspects Of Quantifier Float In Thai, Khanin Chaiphet

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Research on Thai Q(uantifier)-float attempts to manifest the problems for each of its analysis. For the adverbial analysis, the Japanese data show that the floating quantifiers can be associated with both distributive and plurality-of-events readings while Thai does not distinguish between these two readings. For the stranding analysis, the differences from English-Thai comparative data show that Thai floating quantifiers often occur in positions where their associated NPs could not have previously occupied or have been moved from, and thus cannot be analyzed as resulting from stranding. As a solution, Thai Q-float is postulated as an instance of rightward ...


Reduced Structure In Malagasy Headlines, Ileana Paul 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Reduced Structure In Malagasy Headlines, Ileana Paul

French Studies Publications

This paper examines the register associated with headlines in Malagasy. While in manylanguages headlines appear to have reduced structure as evidenced by the absence of certaingrammatical markers (determiners, copulas, tense), Malagasy headlines show a change in wordorder from VOS to SVO. It is argued that like English, Malagasy headlines involve a truncatedsyntactic structure and that the absence of certain functional projections accounts for the changein word order.


Verb Bias And Plausibility In English Sentence Processing, Kendra Buck 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder

Verb Bias And Plausibility In English Sentence Processing, Kendra Buck

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study tests language processing models previously explored by linguistics in terms of the parsing of temporarily ambiguous English sentences. The two primary models examined in this study are the garden-path model and the constraint-based model. Each of these models provides a possible explanation for sentence processing difficulty. John Trueswell (1996) previously found properties and lexical cues attached to certain verbs in their past participle forms and lexical information in nouns which aid or inhibit readers in accurately predicting the outcome of a temporarily ambiguous sentence. His results support the constraint-based model while providing some evidence for the garden-path model ...


The Declensions Of Modern Eastern Armenian: A Paradigm Function Morphology Approach, Malachi W. Oyer 2017 University of Kentucky

The Declensions Of Modern Eastern Armenian: A Paradigm Function Morphology Approach, Malachi W. Oyer

Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics

In traditional grammar, the inflection of a word’s different forms based on the possible morphosyntactic property combinations of the language can be ordered into a tables. Words of the same part of speech often can be grouped together when they inflect in similar fashions. These similar groups are represented by a single word that expresses the morphosyntactic property set possible for that part of speech. These groups are called declensions. These declensions are not always complete sometimes there is a particular morphosyntactic property set that does not have a corresponding form (word). This is known as defectiveness. One approach ...


Reduced Structure In Malagasy Headlines, Ileana Paul 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Reduced Structure In Malagasy Headlines, Ileana Paul

Ileana Paul

This paper examines the register associated with headlines in Malagasy. While in many
languages headlines appear to have reduced structure as evidenced by the absence of certain
grammatical markers (determiners, copulas, tense), Malagasy headlines show a change in word
order from VOS to SVO. It is argued that like English, Malagasy headlines involve a truncated
syntactic structure and that the absence of certain functional projections accounts for the change
in word order.


Deriving Superiority Effects In Multiple Wh-Fronting Without Determiners., Matthew Schuurman 2016 Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Deriving Superiority Effects In Multiple Wh-Fronting Without Determiners., Matthew Schuurman

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

This paper analyzes multiple wh-fronting with superiority effects in Mi’gmaq, an Eastern Algonquian language, to Bošković’s (2008, 2012) generalizations between languages with and those without the presence of overt articles. When the Mi’gmaq is compared to generalizations on scrambling, quantifier scope, and multiple wh-fronting with superiority effects, problematic contradictions arise, specifically with the latter generalization. According to Bošković's predictions, Mi’gmaq should be both an NP-only language based on scrambling, numeral classifiers, and quantifier scope, and a DP language based on multiple wh-fronting with superiority effects. Therefore, I propose there is no relationship between the presence ...


Argument Omission In Portuguese As A Second Language, Elizabeth Parkin, Madeline Walker 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Argument Omission In Portuguese As A Second Language, Elizabeth Parkin, Madeline Walker

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

Interlanguage grammars are complex and are shaped by a combination of general learnability issues such as transfer and generalization, and characteristics of the individual learner, such as motivation and degree of extroversion (Lightbown & Spada, 2013; Selinker, 1972). The individual factors may be particularly salient in classroom learning, where motivation plays an important role in language learning. The question is whether they also play a role in areas that are implicit, perhaps occasionally touched on by the instructor but not necessarily part of the curriculum. Furthermore, the relationship between the different factors may change according to the proficiency level of the learners. This ...


On The Syntax/Semantics Of Korean Nominal Particles, Han-Byul Chung 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

On The Syntax/Semantics Of Korean Nominal Particles, Han-Byul Chung

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this dissertation, I investigate the structural positions of i/ka-marked DPs and un/nun-marked DPs in the light of Kratzer (1988; 1995) and Diesing (1990; 1992). In Korean, unlike German (and English in part), vP-external subjects and vP-internal subjects are not distinguishable at the surface. However, by adopting Kratzer (1988; 1995) and Diesing (1990; 1992), we are able to distinguish between vP-external DPs and vP-internal DPs in Korean.

According to Kratzer and Diesing, syntactic position of a DP has affect in the interpretation of the DP itself, as well as the interpretation of ...


Forming Wh-Questions In Shona: A Comparative Bantu Perspective, Jason Zentz 2016 Yale University

Forming Wh-Questions In Shona: A Comparative Bantu Perspective, Jason Zentz

Linguistics Graduate Dissertations

Bantu languages, which are spoken throughout most of sub-Saharan Africa, permit wh- questions to be constructed in multiple ways, including wh-in-situ, full wh-movement, and partial wh-movement. Shona, a Bantu language spoken by about 13 million people in Zimbabwe and Mozambique, allows all three of these types. In this dissertation, I conduct the first in-depth examination of Shona wh-questions, drawing on fifty hours of elicitation with a native speaker consultant to explore the derivational relationships among these strategies. Wh-in-situ questions have received a wide variety of treatments in the syntactic lit- erature, ranging from covert or disguised movement to postsyntactic binding ...


The Language Of Music And Math: An Investigation Of Cross-Domain Effects Of Structural Priming, Robert Anthony LaRose 2016 College of William and Mary

The Language Of Music And Math: An Investigation Of Cross-Domain Effects Of Structural Priming, Robert Anthony Larose

Undergraduate Honors Theses

There is an ongoing debate as to whether the processing of complex systems (such as language, mathematics, and music) is domain-general or domain-specific. Language, math, and music all involve cognitive systems that organize discrete elements in a hierarchical manner. If processing is domain-general, then the structures of these systems would be processed using shared mental mechanisms. Previous studies suggest that language and math share mental mechanisms for building hierarchically structured representations in real time. This thesis explores the possibility that these mental mechanisms are also shared by the cognitive systems for processing music. An experiment was designed to reveal whether ...


A Linguistic Comparison Of Biblical Greek And English: How Should The Adverbial Participle Be Translated?, Sarah C. Nickchen 2016 Cedarville University

A Linguistic Comparison Of Biblical Greek And English: How Should The Adverbial Participle Be Translated?, Sarah C. Nickchen

Linguistics Senior Research Projects

This paper combines the two fields of linguistics and biblical Greek studies in a scientific study of original research. Linguistics can be defined as “the scientific study of the language systems of the world” (Black, 1995, 5). Biblical Greek studies focus on analysis of the original New Testament text. Semantics (the meaning of words and phrases) is one subfield of linguistics, and the focus of this paper. The Greek adverbial participle is the most versatile Greek participle. The English adverbial participle is much less versatile. Thus, this paper focuses on adverbial participles in Greek and English in order to determine ...


Animacy And Alienability: A Reconsideration Of English Possession, Jaimee Jones 2016 Liberty University

Animacy And Alienability: A Reconsideration Of English Possession, Jaimee Jones

Senior Honors Theses

Current scholarship on English possessive constructions, the s-genitive and the of-construction, largely ignores the possessive relationships inherent in certain English compound nouns. Scholars agree that, in general, an animate possessor predicts the s-genitive while an inanimate possessor predicts the of-construction. However, the current literature rarely discusses noun compounds, such as the table leg, which also express possessive relationships. However, pragmatically and syntactically, a compound cannot be considered as a true possessive construction. Thus, this paper will examine why some compounds still display possessive semantics epiphenomenally. The noun compounds that imply possession seem to exhibit relationships prototypical of inalienable possession ...


Grammar Of Zị́R, Amiawatoa Downey 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder

Grammar Of Zị́R, Amiawatoa Downey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Grammar of Zị́r is a ConLang project with the aim of increasing proficiency in all aspects of Linguistics by hands-on application in the creation and thorough description of a newly created language.


Probes And Their Horizons, Stefan Keine 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Probes And Their Horizons, Stefan Keine

Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current

This dissertation develops a comprehensive theory of 'selective opacity', syntactic configurations in which one and the same syntactic domain is transparent to some operations, but opaque to others. The prime example of selective opacity are finite clauses in English, which are transparent to A'-movement, but opaque to A-movement. Following and extending the previous literature, I argue that selective opacity extends beyond the A/A'-distinction and even to syntactic dependencies that do not involve movement.

Empirically, I argue that selective opacity exhibits intriguing meta-generalizations, which become evident once selective opacity across constructions and languages is treated as a uniform ...


Anaphora, Inversion, And Focus, Nicholas J. LaCara 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Anaphora, Inversion, And Focus, Nicholas J. Lacara

Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current

This dissertation proposes a novel analysis of as-parentheticals, a class of anaphoric constructions introduced by the morpheme as. These include utterances like Mary kissed a pig, as John also will and Tim is happy, as is Daisy. I defend the view that the anaphoric component of these constructions is derived by verb phrase ellipsis. This builds on previous research (especially Lacara 2015, To Appear) that argues that as-parentheticals must contain elided syntactic structure rather than null operator movement as originally proposed by Potts (2002).

I also propose an analysis for some of the unusual properties that as-parentheticals display. Although ellipsis ...


A Description Of Space Relations In An Nlp Model: The Abbyy Compreno Approach, Aleksey Leontyev, Maria Petrova 2015 ABBYY Moscow

A Description Of Space Relations In An Nlp Model: The Abbyy Compreno Approach, Aleksey Leontyev, Maria Petrova

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

The current paper is devoted to a formal analysis of the space category and, especially, to questions bound with the presentation of space relations in a formal NLP model. The aim is to demonstrate how linguistic and cognitive problems relating to spatial categorization, definition of spatial entities, and the expression of different locative senses in natural languages can be solved in an artificial intelligence system. We offer a description of the locative groups in the ABBYY Compreno formalism – an integral NLP framework applied for machine translation, semantic search, fact extraction, and other tasks based on the semantic analysis of texts ...


Word Order In Measure Phrases In Malagasy Dialects, Lisa deMena Travis 2015 McGill University

Word Order In Measure Phrases In Malagasy Dialects, Lisa Demena Travis

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

The goal of this paper is to explore a possible dialectal (and idiolectal) variation within measure phrases in Malagasy. It appears that there is a word order variation that appears in structure of the type two bottles of wine. We will see further that there are idiolect variations within one dialect in term of what acts as the head of the entire nominal.


L'Extraction En Betsileo, Clodia Rambinintsoamaharavo, Celina Rasolonantenaina 2015 Université d'Antananarivo

L'Extraction En Betsileo, Clodia Rambinintsoamaharavo, Celina Rasolonantenaina

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

Notre travail porte sur l’utilisation de la particule ro en betsileo du nord parlé à Ambohimitombo I. Nous constatons qu’il y a des différences entre le betsileo et la norme du malgache officiel. Parmi ces différences, nous choisissons le fonctionnement de ro, qui est une particule d’extraction


L'Intensif À "De" Du Bestileo Du Nord, Julie Ravakiniaina Razanamampionona 2015 Université d'Antananarivo

L'Intensif À "De" Du Bestileo Du Nord, Julie Ravakiniaina Razanamampionona

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

Dans cet article, nous avons choisi un modèle d’expression de l’intensité en betsileo du nord : l’intensif à de. Il paraît évident que le de que nous voulons étudier ici n’est pas une copule du fait qu’il ne relie pas un sujet à un prédicat. Il met plutôt en relation deux mots faisant partie, d’un même prédicat. Nous essayerons de voir quels liens sémantiques existent-ils entre les éléments reliés par de dont le sens est intensif par rapport à celui du premier élément.


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