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*Dhéĝhōm,*Héshr, And *Wek (Earth, Blood, And Speech): An Archaeological, Genetic, And Linguistic Exploration Of Indo-European Origins, Lara Bluhm 2017 Bowdoin College

*Dhéĝhōm,*Héshr, And *Wek (Earth, Blood, And Speech): An Archaeological, Genetic, And Linguistic Exploration Of Indo-European Origins, Lara Bluhm

Honors Projects

This project investigates strategies for learning about prehistoric languages that have left no written records. It focuses upon the origins and expansion of the Indo-European language family (the world’s largest by total speaking population, today including most of the languages between Iceland and India) and its associated speakers, who likely emerged during the Neolithic from someplace in eastern Europe or western Asia. There are two primary hypotheses regarding the origins of these languages and the so-called Indo-Europeans themselves. In one, it is argued that they arose via the expansion of agriculture out of Anatolia and into Europe, c. 5000 ...


Frog Jump Plop! Translating And Interpreting The “Frog” Haiku By Matsuo Basho, Nathan Roy 2016 University of Northern Colorado

Frog Jump Plop! Translating And Interpreting The “Frog” Haiku By Matsuo Basho, Nathan Roy

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

Matsuo Basho’s (1644-1698) “Frog” haiku was originally written in Japanese in the 17th century, and has been translated into English over a hundred times using a multitude of different approaches. This simple poem consists of a mere three lines and six words, and yet each translation is unique; some are vastly different from others. Each translation essentially creates a different poem, which are more like offspring of the poem, rather than a direct rendering of the original. Since we cannot know what the author’s intentions were, as translators, we each have to make choices both in reading the ...


Recent Semantic Changes For The Term "Digital", Tore Brattli 2016 University of Tromsø

Recent Semantic Changes For The Term "Digital", Tore Brattli

Proceedings from the Document Academy

The term digital originates from the Latin word for finger/counting and has for many years been used to denote discrete signals and information, as opposed to analog. Discrete representation is an important principle, not only in computers, but also for (printed) text, music scores and even our genes. Recently however, the use of the term has increased and the meaning expanded to include almost everything related to information technology, e.g. digital natives and digital addiction. This study investigates the core principles of digital representation and compares this concept with the recent usage, with a focus on Norwegian media ...


Barrios-Lech_Linguistic_Interaction_Appendix_Four.Docx, Peter G. Barrios-Lech 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

Barrios-Lech_Linguistic_Interaction_Appendix_Four.Docx, Peter G. Barrios-Lech

Peter Barrios-Lech

Appendix 4, "Donatus on Pragmatics and Politeness," for Barrios-Lech, P. 2016. Linguistic Interaction in Roman Comedy (Cambridge).


Barrios-Lech_Linguistic_Interaction_Appendix_Five.Docx, Peter G. Barrios-Lech 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

Barrios-Lech_Linguistic_Interaction_Appendix_Five.Docx, Peter G. Barrios-Lech

Peter Barrios-Lech

Appendix 5, "Supplementary Material for Parts III-IV," Barrios-Lech, P. Linguistic Interaction in Roman Comedy (Cambridge).


Chinese Slang, Robert L. Moore 2016 Rollins College

Chinese Slang, Robert L. Moore

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Linguistic Expression And Gender: A Function Word Analysis Of Jane Austen’S Pride And Prejudice, Erica Corbiere 2016 Cedarville University

Linguistic Expression And Gender: A Function Word Analysis Of Jane Austen’S Pride And Prejudice, Erica Corbiere

Linguistics Senior Research Projects

The current study investigates ten dimensions of female and male categories of speech, which focus on function words, as previously identified by Newman et al. (2008). Through the use of the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count tool (using the LIWC2015 dictionary), these ten categories were analyzed in the dialogue of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice. Results were consistent with previous findings by Newman et al. (2008). Four of five previously identified categories as more often used by male speakers (numbers, words per sentence, prepositions, articles, and words greater than six letters) were used with an even greater difference between ...


The Phrasal Verb In American English: Using Corpora To Track Down Historical Trends In Particle Distribution, Register Variation, And Noun Collocations, David Brown, Chris Palmer 2015 Kennesaw State University

The Phrasal Verb In American English: Using Corpora To Track Down Historical Trends In Particle Distribution, Register Variation, And Noun Collocations, David Brown, Chris Palmer

David C. Brown

Phrasal verbs, such as "run up" in "They always run up our electric bill," have long been of interest to researchers of English linguistics. Scholars have been particularly focused on the definition and categorization of these multi-word items, as well as their grammatical, pragmatic, and semantic functions. Additionally, phrasal verbs have been examined historically, and recently corpus methods have been used to begin investigating phrasal verb frequency and patterns of variation across registers. But few studies have combined diachronic and register-based approaches to analyze the development of the phrasal verb in American English. This study uses large, monitor corpora--The Corpus ...


Nonstandard Languages: The Outcasts Of The Language Revitalization Movement, Whitney Snowden 2015 Liberty University

Nonstandard Languages: The Outcasts Of The Language Revitalization Movement, Whitney Snowden

Senior Honors Theses

This thesis compares the failures of the creolization movement with the success of the language revitalization movement and seeks to determine which elements are missing from the former to make it as successful as the latter. Education policy, identity, and language ideology are all examined as contributors to the future success of creole inclusivity in education and society, as well as the potential benefits such a movement would include. Specifically examined are Siegel’s research on creole education and Armstrong’s work on language ideology.


Le Petit Catéchisme De Martin Luther Traduit En Dialecte Merina Et Dialecte Antaisaka, Rolande Ramasomanana 2015 Université d'Antananarivo

Le Petit Catéchisme De Martin Luther Traduit En Dialecte Merina Et Dialecte Antaisaka, Rolande Ramasomanana

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

Le but de cet article est de présenter des traductions du Petit Catéchisme dans deux dialectes: le merina et l’antaisaka.


The Thing About -Ing, Amy S. Orf 2015 Northern Michigan University

The Thing About -Ing, Amy S. Orf

Conference Presentations

Once students are exposed to the Spanish progressive, they often start generalizing –ndo to every context where –ing occurs in English, producing ungrammatical structures such as me gusta nadando and el traje nadando. Expressing –ing in Spanish is actually quite complicated and depends on whether -ing functions as a verb, adverb, noun, or adjective. Even the Spanish progressive causes problems for students since it differs in use from the English progressive. In this presentation I hope to shed some light on the equivalents of –ing in Spanish.


Reading Report On Phonology, Kerwin A. Livingstone 2015 Universidade do Porto

Reading Report On Phonology, Kerwin A. Livingstone

Kerwin A. Livingstone

When we speak, we use sounds. Through these sounds, we are able to understand each other. This is because there are different types of relationships that exist between the sounds that we use in speech acts. This is the principal objective of Phonology: to study the relationships between speech sounds within a language system. Bearing in mind the afore-mentioned, a brief report is given on one chapter from Davenport and Hannahs’ (1998) book, shedding light on the importance of Phonology in the study of language. This paper discusses what generative grammar is about, and how phonology fits into this grammar ...


Heritage Learner To Professional Interpreter: Who Are Deaf-Parented Interpreters And How Do They Achieve Professional Status?, Amy Williamson 2015 Western Oregon University

Heritage Learner To Professional Interpreter: Who Are Deaf-Parented Interpreters And How Do They Achieve Professional Status?, Amy Williamson

Master's of Arts in Interpreting Studies (MAIS) Theses

Individuals who have one or more deaf parent can be considered heritage learners of a signed language (Compton, 2014; Valdes, 2005). These individuals have had language brokering experiences (Napier, in press) before entering a formal program or attending any training to become an interpreter. Despite the experiences and skills they bring to the classroom and the profession of ASL/ English interpreting, deaf-parented interpreters anecdotally say that educational opportunities do not account for their specific needs and skill-set. The relationship between demographic characteristics of ASL/English interpreters who have one or more deaf parent, including their linguistic environments during formative years ...


Talking Back, With Reawakened Voices: Analyzing The Potential For Indigenous California Languages Coursework At California Polytechnic State University, Logan Cooper 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Talking Back, With Reawakened Voices: Analyzing The Potential For Indigenous California Languages Coursework At California Polytechnic State University, Logan Cooper

Ethnic Studies

The legacy of colonialism in the United States, including genocidal practices and cultural assimilation, has left Indigenous languages endangered. Native peoples, scholars, and activists have been working to revive and heal the languages of America’s first peoples, and the cultures those languages speak to, yet more work remains in the field of language revitalization. California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo currently does not offer any course specifically teaching or discussing Indigenous languages, even those of the Chumash people who know the San Luis Obispo area as their ancestral homelands.

By synthesizing revitalization and Indigenous activist literature with the ...


The Mako Language: Vitality, Grammar And Classification, Jorge E. Rosés Labrada 2015 The University of Western Ontario & Université Lumière-Lyon 2

The Mako Language: Vitality, Grammar And Classification, Jorge E. Rosés Labrada

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation focuses on the documentation and description of Mako, an indigenous language spoken in the Venezuelan Amazon by about 1000 people and for which the only available published material at the start of the project were 38 words. The main goals of the project were to create a collection of annotated ethnographic texts and a grammar that could serve as a starting point for both language maintenance in the community and for further linguistic research. Additionally, the project sought to assess the language’s vitality in the communities where it is spoken and to understand the relationship of Mako ...


Quickies, Jasmine Anderson 2015 Iowa State University

Quickies, Jasmine Anderson

Ethos

Contains "Et-y-mol-o-gy", "Nailed It!", "Trending #Humblebrag", "Uggpocalypse", and "Don't Be The Person Who..."


Investigating Manchu Converb From A Diachronic Cross-Linguistic Perspective, Luopeng Zheng 2015 University of San Francisco

Investigating Manchu Converb From A Diachronic Cross-Linguistic Perspective, Luopeng Zheng

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Abstract

This thesis investigates Manchu converbs from a diachronic cross-linguistic perspective. This thesis is based on the assumption that function words are not loanwords because of the conservative nature of syntax in general. Secondly, it is assumed that one word is the same as the other word if 1) both share similar or same syntactical functions, 2) both share similar or same phonological features, and 3) both have overlapping semantic fields.

It proposes that Manchu phrases headed by converbs should not be regarded as AdvP or a degree word. Rather, Manchu converbal phrases are essentially ConvPs. Evidences supporting this conclusion ...


The Temporal Accuracy Of The Language In Mad Men, Enid Kim 2015 Georgia State University

The Temporal Accuracy Of The Language In Mad Men, Enid Kim

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Measuring Productivity Diachronically: Nominal Suffixes In English Letters, 1400–1600, Chris Palmer 2015 Kennesaw State University

Measuring Productivity Diachronically: Nominal Suffixes In English Letters, 1400–1600, Chris Palmer

Chris C. Palmer

Much scholarship on morphological productivity has focused on measures such as hapax legomena, single occurrences of derivatives in large corpora, to compare and contrast the varying productivities of English affixes. But the small size of historical corpora has often limited the usefulness of such measures in diachronic analysis. Examining letters from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in the Corpus of Early English Correspondence, this article advances a multifaceted approach to assessing historical changes in nominal suffixation in English. It adapts methodologies from work on morphological productivity in contemporary language – in particular, measures of base and derivative ratios from Hay & Baayen ...


Distinction And Difference: From Kana To Hiragana And Hentaigana, Clare Marks 2015 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Distinction And Difference: From Kana To Hiragana And Hentaigana, Clare Marks

Masters Theses May 2014 - current

The study of kana 仮名 development has only begun in the last fifteen years, with much scholarship focused upon discerning either the Heian origins of kana or such later developments as furigana 振り仮名 (phonetic guides) and spelling rules. However, these perspectives have largely overlooked a key moment in Japanese writing history: in 1900, the Meiji government standardized the kana, from hundreds of possible variant graphemes to the forty-six used today, one symbol per sound. From then on, what had commonly been known only as kana were divided into two groups: hiragana 平仮名, the standard set, and hentaigana 変体仮名, the set ...


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